John Lacy - University of Texas

John Lacy
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John Lacy
University of Texas
United States

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (10)
Astrophysics (7)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)

Publications Authored By John Lacy

Stellar feedback from high-mass stars can strongly influence the surrounding interstellar medium and regulate star formation. Our new ALMA observations reveal sequential high-mass star formation taking place within one sub-virial filamentary clump (the G9.62 clump) in the G9. Read More

The abundance of H2 in molecular clouds, relative to the commonly used tracer CO, has only been measured toward a few embedded stars, which may be surrounded by atypical gas. We present observations of near-infrared absorption by H2, CO, and dust toward stars behind molecular clouds, providing a representative sample of these molecules in cold molecular gas, primarily in the Taurus Molecular Cloud. We find N_H2/A_V ~ 1. Read More

We measured the $12.8\mu$m [NeII] line in the dwarf starburst galaxy He 2-10 with the high-resolution spectrometer TeXeS on the NASA IRTF. The data cube has diffraction-limited spatial resolution $\sim1^{\prime\prime}$ and total velocity resolution including thermal broadening of $\sim5$km/s. Read More

We report a detection of water vapor in the protoplanetary disk around DoAr 44 with the Texas Echelon Cross Echelle Spectrograph --- a visitor instrument on the Gemini north telescope. The DoAr 44 disk consists of an optically thick inner ring and outer disk, separated by a dust-cleared 36 AU gap, and has therefore been termed "pre-transitional". To date, this is the only disk with a large inner gap known to harbor detectable quantities of warm (T=450 K) water vapor. Read More

NGC 4194 is a post-merger starburst known as The Medusa for its striking tidal features. We present here a detailed study of the structure and kinematics of ionized gas in the central 0.65 kpc of the Medusa. Read More

Infrared vibration-rotation lines can be valuable probes of interstellar and circumstellar molecules, especially symmetric molecules, which have no pure rotational transitions. But most such observations have been interpreted with an isothermal absorbing slab model, which leaves out important radiative transfer and molecular excitation effects. A more realistic non-LTE and non-isothermal radiative transfer model has been constructed. Read More

The nearby dwarf galaxy II Zw 40 hosts an intense starburst. At the center of the starburst is a bright compact radio and infrared source, thought to be a giant dense HII region containing ~14,000 O stars. Radio continuum images suggest that the compact source is actually a collection of several smaller emission regions. Read More

We report the results of a spectroscopic study of the high-mass protostellar object NGC 7538 IRS 9 and compare our observations to published data on the nearby object NGC 7538 IRS 1. Both objects originated in the same molecular cloud and appear to be at different points in their evolutionary histo- ries, offering an unusual opportunity to study the temporal evolution of envelope chemistry in objects sharing a presumably identical starting composition. Observations were made with the Texas Echelon Cross Echelle Spectrograph (TEXES), a sensitive, high spectral resolution (R = {\lambda}/{\Delta}{\lambda} \simeq 100,000) mid-infrared grating spectrometer. Read More

We present new observations of the [Ne II] emission from the ionized gas in Sgr A West with improved resolution and sensitivity. About half of the emission comes from gas with kinematics indicating it is orbiting in a plane tipped about 25\degree\ from the Galactic plane. This plane is consistent with that derived previously for the circumnuclear molecular disk and the northern arm and western arc ionized features. Read More

The nearby dwarf starburst galaxy NGC 5253 hosts a deeply embedded radio-infrared supernebula excited by thousands of O stars. We have observed this source in the 10.5{\mu}m line of S+3 at 3. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Tel Aviv, 2University of Texas, 3UCLA

The composite galaxy NGC 4102 hosts a LINER nucleus and a starburst. We mapped NGC 4102 in the 12.8 micron line of [NeII], using the echelon spectrometer TEXES on the NASA IRTF, to obtain a data cube with 1. Read More

We present high resolution (R=80,000) spectroscopy of [NeII] emission from two young stars, GM Aur and AA Tau, which have moderate to high inclinations. The emission from both sources appears centered near the stellar velocity and is broader than the [NeII] emission measured previously for the face-on disk system TW Hya. These properties are consistent with a disk origin for the [NeII] emission we detect, with disk rotation (rather than photoevaporation or turbulence in a hot disk atmosphere) playing the dominant role in the origin of the line width. Read More

We present high spatial and spectral resolution observations of sixteen Galactic compact and ultracompact H II regions in the [Ne II] 12.8 microns fine structure line. The small thermal width of the neon line and the high dynamic range of the maps provide an unprecedented view of the kinematics of compact and ultracompact H II regions. Read More

High spectral and spatial resolution, mid-infrared fine structure line observations toward two ultracompact HII (UCHII) regions (G29.96 -0.02 and Mon R2) allow us to study the structure and kinematics of cometary UCHII regions. Read More

Ground state rotational lines of H2 are good temperature probes of moderately hot (200-1000 K) gas. The low A-values of these lines result in low critical densities while ensuring that the lines are optically thin. ISO observations of H2 rotational lines in PDRs reveal large quantities of warm gas that are difficult to explain via current models, but the spatial resolution of ISO does not resolve the temperature structure of the warm gas. Read More

We describe the TEXES survey for mid-IR H2 pure rotational emission from young stars and report early successes. H2 emission is a potential tracer of warm gas in circumstellar disks. Three pure rotational lines are available from the ground: the J=3=>1, J=4=>2, and J=6=>4, transitions at 17. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Texas at Austin, 2University of California at Davis, 3University of Texas at Austin, 4Ohio State University
Category: Astrophysics

We have detected the [S IV] 10.5 micron and [Ne II] 12.8 micron fine-structure lines in the halo population planetary nebula (PN) DdDm 1, and set upper limits on their intensities in the halo PN H 4-1. Read More

In this talk I presented and discussed our unexpected detection of water vapor in the disk-averaged spectrum of the K2IIIp red giant Arcturus [for details, see Ryde et al. (2002)]. Arcturus, or alpha Bootes is, with its effective temperature of 4300 K, the hottest star yet to show water vapor features. Read More

Affiliations: 1Dept. of Ast., U. of Texas, 2Dept. of Ast., U. of Texas
Category: Astrophysics

We present accurate new wavenumbers for a set of 13 mid-infrared fine-structure lines. The wavenumbers were determined from observations of the planetary nebula NGC 7027 and of the red supergiant Alpha Scorpii. Most of the new wavenumbers are good to within 0. Read More