Jiri Horak

Jiri Horak
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (7)
 
Astrophysics (5)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (4)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (2)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)

Publications Authored By Jiri Horak

Twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) are observed in the X-ray power-density spectra of several accreting low-mass neutron star (NS) binaries. In our previous work we have considered several QPO models. We have identified and explored mass-angular-momentum relations implied by individual QPO models for the atoll source 4U 1636-53. Read More

The $p$-Laplacian operator $\Delta_pu={\rm div }\left(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u\right)$ is not uniformly elliptic for any $p\in(1,2)\cup(2,\infty)$ and degenerates even more when $p\to \infty$ or $p\to 1$. In those two cases the Dirichlet and eigenvalue problems associated with the $p$-Laplacian lead to intriguing geometric questions, because their limits for $p\to\infty$ or $p\to 1$ can be characterized by the geometry of $\Omega$. In this little survey we recall some well-known results on eigenfunctions of the classical 2-Laplacian and elaborate on their extensions to general $p\in[1,\infty]$. Read More

Serious theoretical effort has been devoted to explain the observed frequencies of twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations (HF QPOs) observed in low-mass X-ray neutron star binaries. Here we propose a new model of HF QPOs. Within its framework we consider an oscillating torus with cusp that changes location $r_0$ of its centre around radii very close to innermost stable circular orbit. Read More

We examine the role played by viscosity in the excitation of global oscillation modes (both axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric) in accretion discs around black holes using two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. The turbulent viscosity is modeled by the $\alpha$-ansatz, with different equations of state. We consider both discs with transonic radial inflows across the innermost stable circular orbit, and stationary discs truncated by a reflecting wall at their inner edge, representing a magnetosphere. Read More

We study the dynamics of spiral waves and oscillation modes in relativistic rotating discs around black holes. Generalizing the Newtonian theory, we show that wave absorption can take place at the corotation resonance, where the pattern frequency of the wave matches the background disc rotation rate. We derive the general relativistic expression for the disc vortensity (vorticity divided by surface density), which governs the behaviour of density perturbation near corotation. Read More

The physical origin of high-frequency QPOs (HFQPOs) in black-hole X-ray binaries remains an enigma despite many years of detailed observational studies. Although there exists a number of models for HFQPOs, many of these are simply "notions" or "concepts" without actual calculation derived from fluid or disk physics. Future progress requires a combination of numerical simulations and semi-analytic studies to extract physical insights. Read More

We explore effects of the Shakura-Sunyaev alpha-viscosity on the dynamics and oscillations of slender tori. We start with a slow secular evolution of the torus. We show that the angular-momentum profile approaches the Keplerian one on the timescale longer than a dynamical one by a factor of the order of 1/\alpha. Read More

The eigenvalue problem for the p-Laplace operator with p>1 on planar domains with the zero Dirichlet boundary condition is considered. The Constrained Descent Method and the Constrained Mountain Pass Algorithm are used in the Sobolev space setting to numerically investigate the dependence of the two smallest eigenvalues on p. Computations are conducted for values of p between 1. Read More

We study oscillations of accretion torus with azimuthal magnetic field. For several lowest-order modes we calculate eigenfrequencies and eigenfunctions and calculate corresponding intensity and polarization light curves using advanced ray-tracing methods. Read More

We examine nonlinear oscillations of slender tori in the vicinity of black holes and compact stars. These tori represent useful probes of the complicated, nonlinear dynamics of real accretion disks and provide at least qualitative understanding of their oscillations. We demonstrate that epicyclic modes of such tori are weakly coupled due to the pressure and gravitational forces. Read More

A recently published study on long term evolution of the frequencies of the kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in the atoll source 4U 1636-53 concluded that there is no preferred frequency ratio in a distribution of twin QPOs that was inferred from the distribution of a single frequency alone. However, we find that the distribution of the ratio of actually observed pairs of kHz QPO frequencies is peaked close to the 3/2 value, and possibly also close to the 5/4 ratio. To resolve the apparent contradiction between the two studies, we examine in detail the frequency distributions of the lower kHz QPO and the upper kHz QPO detected in our data set. Read More

A long discussion has been devoted to the issue of clustering of the kHz QPO frequency ratios in the neutron star sources. While the distribution of ratios inferred from an occurrence of a single QPO seems to be consistent with a random walk, the distribution based on simultaneous detections of both peaks indicates a preference of ratios of small integers. Based on the public RXTE data we further investigate this issue for the source 4U 1636-53. Read More

We review and compare different computational variational methods applied to a system of fourth order equations that arises as a model of cylinder buckling. We describe both the discretization and implementation, in particular how to deal with a 1 dimensional null space. We show that we can construct many different solutions from a complex energy surface. Read More

It was pointed out by Paczynski (1987) that the X-ray luminosity of accreting neutron stars is very sensitive to the physical properties of the accretion flow close to the innermost stable circular orbit. The X-ray radiation is dominated by that emitted in the boundary layer, where accreted matter hits a star surface. The X-ray luminosity of the boundary layer is proportional to the local accretion rate. Read More

Fluids in external gravity may oscillate with frequencies characteristic of the epicyclic motions of test particles. We explicitly demonstrate that global oscillations of a slender, perfect fluid torus around a Kerr black hole admit incompressible vertical and radial epicyclic modes. Our results may be directly relevant to one of the most puzzling astrophysical phenomena -- high (hundreds of hertz) frequency quasiperiodic oscillations (QPOs) detected in X-ray fluxes from several black hole sources. Read More

We revisit the classical problem of the buckling of a long thin axially compressed cylindrical shell. By examining the energy landscape of the perfect cylinder we deduce an estimate of the sensitivity of the shell to imperfections. Key to obtaining this is the existence of a mountain pass point for the system. Read More