# Jian Ma - CLQCD Collaboration

## Contact Details

NameJian Ma |
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AffiliationCLQCD Collaboration |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesQuantum Physics (20) High Energy Physics - Lattice (18) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (9) Computer Science - Learning (4) Physics - Chemical Physics (4) Mathematics - Information Theory (3) High Energy Physics - Experiment (3) Computer Science - Information Theory (3) Physics - Physics and Society (3) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3) Physics - Biological Physics (2) Mathematics - Statistics (1) Statistics - Theory (1) Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) Mathematical Physics (1) Physics - Optics (1) Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1) Statistics - Machine Learning (1) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1) |

## Publications Authored By Jian Ma

Through molecular dynamics simulations considering thermal vibration of surface atoms, ionic behaviors in concentrated NaCl solutions confined between discretely charged silicon surfaces have been investigated. The electric double layer structure was found sensitive to the density and distribution of surface charges. Due to the surface charge discreteness, slight charge inversion appeared which depended on the surface charge density, bulk concentration and confinement. Read More

The topological charge density and topological susceptibility are determined by multi-probing approximation using overlap fermions in quenched SU(3) gauge theory. Then we investigate the topological structure of the quenched QCD vacuum, and compare it with results from the all-scale topological density, the results are consistent. Random permuted topological charge density is used to check whether these structures represent underlying ordered properties. Read More

We study the estimation of the latent variable Gaussian graphical model (LVGGM), where the precision matrix is the superposition of a sparse matrix and a low-rank matrix. In order to speed up the estimation of the sparse plus low-rank components, we propose a sparsity constrained maximum likelihood estimator based on matrix factorization, and an efficient alternating gradient descent algorithm with hard thresholding to solve it. Our algorithm is orders of magnitude faster than the convex relaxation based methods for LVGGM. Read More

The lowest-lying glueballs are investigated from $N_f=2$ QCD study on aniostropic lattices. Only the gluonic operators built from Wilson loops are involved in calculating the corresponding correlation functions. In the tensor channel, we obtain the ground state mass to be 2. Read More

InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are widely used in practical applications requiring near-infrared photon counting such as quantum key distribution (QKD). Photon detection efficiency and dark count rate are the intrinsic parameters of InGaAs/InP SPADs, due to the fact that their performances cannot be improved using different quenching electronics given the same operation conditions. After modeling these parameters and developing a simulation platform for InGaAs/InP SPADs, we investigate the semiconductor structure design and optimization. Read More

An aging population is bringing new challenges to the management of escape routes and facility design in many countries. This paper investigates pedestrian movement properties of crowd with different age compositions. Three pedestrian groups are considered: young student group, old people group and mixed group. Read More

In this exploratory lattice study, low-energy near threshold scattering of the $(\bar{D}_1 D^{*})^\pm$ meson system is analyzed using lattice QCD with $N_f=2$ twisted mass fermion configurations. Both s-wave ($J^P=0^-$) and p-wave ($J^P=1^+$) channels are investigated. It is found that the interaction between the two charmed mesons is attractive near the threshold in both channels. Read More

We present an exploratory lattice study for the two-photon decay of $\eta_c$ using $N_f=2$ twisted mass lattice QCD gauge configurations generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration. Two different lattice spacings of $a=0.067$fm and $a=0. Read More

Cancer genomes exhibit a large number of different alterations that affect many genes in a diverse manner. It is widely believed that these alterations follow combinatorial patterns that have a strong connection with the underlying molecular interaction networks and functional pathways. A better understanding of the generative mechanisms behind the mutation rules and their influence on gene communities is of great importance for the process of driver mutations discovery and for identification of network modules related to cancer development and progression. Read More

With the advance in living standard, cruise travel has been rapidly expanding around the world in recent years. The transportation of passengers in water has also made a rapid development. It is expected that ships will be more and more widely used. Read More

The $\Omega$ baryons with $J^P=3/2^\pm, 1/2^\pm$ are studied on the lattice
in the quenched approximation. Their mass levels are ordered as
$M_{3/2^+}

A series of accidents caused by crowd within the last decades evoked a lot of scientific interest in modeling the movement of pedestrian crowds. Based on discrete element method, a granular dynamic model, in which human body is simplified as self-driven sphere, is proposed to simulate the characteristics of crowd flow through an exit. In this model, the repulsive force among people is considered to have an anisotropic feature, and the physical contact force due to body deformation is quantified by the Hertz contact model. Read More

Topological charge susceptibility $\chi_{t}$ for pure gauge SU(3) theory at finite temperature is studied using anisotropic lattices. The over-improved stout-link smoothing method is utilized to calculate the topological charge. Near the phase transition point we find a rapid declining behavior for $\chi_{t}$ with values decreasing from $(188(1)\mathrm{MeV})^{4}$ to $(67(3)\mathrm{MeV})^{4}$ as the temperature increased from zero temperature to $1. Read More

We provide an overview of current approaches to DNA-based storage system design and accompanying synthesis, sequencing and editing methods. We also introduce and analyze a suite of new constrained coding schemes for both archival and random access DNA storage channels. The mathematical basis of our work is the construction and design of sequences over discrete alphabets that avoid pre-specified address patterns, have balanced base content, and exhibit other relevant substring constraints. Read More

We describe the first DNA-based storage architecture that enables random access to data blocks and rewriting of information stored at arbitrary locations within the blocks. The newly developed architecture overcomes drawbacks of existing read-only methods that require decoding the whole file in order to read one data fragment. Our system is based on new constrained coding techniques and accompanying DNA editing methods that ensure data reliability, specificity and sensitivity of access, and at the same time provide exceptionally high data storage capacity. Read More

**Authors:**Jian Ma, Ming Zhou, Zongfu Yu, Xiao Jiang, Yijie Huo, Kai Zang, Jun Zhang, James S. Harris, Ge Jin, Qiang Zhang, Jian-Wei Pan

Silicon single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) is a core device for single-photon detection in the visible and the near-infrared range, and widely used in many applications. However, due to limits of the structure design and device fabrication for current silicon SPADs, the key parameters of detection befficiency and timing jitter are often forced to compromise. Here, we propose a nanostructured silicon SPAD, which achieves high detection efficiency with excellent timing jitter simultaneously over a broad spectral range. Read More

We investigate the behavior of the chiral condensate in lattice QCD at finite temperature and finite chemical potential. The study was done using two flavors of light quarks and with a series of $\beta$ and $ma$ at the lattice size $24\times12^{2}\times6$. The calculation was done in the Taylar expansion formalism. Read More

**Authors:**Ying Chen, Ming Gong, Yu-Hong Lei, Ning Li, Jian Liang, Chuan Liu, Jin-Long Liu, Yong-Fu Liu, Yu-Bin Liu, Zhaofeng Liu, Jian-Ping Ma, Zhan-Lin Wang, Jian-Bo Zhang

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Lattice

In this paper, low-energy scattering of the $(D^{*}\bar{D}^{*})^\pm$ meson system is studied within L\"uscher's finite-size formalism using $N_{f}=2$ twisted mass gauge field configurations. With three different pion mass values, the $s$-wave threshold scattering parameters, namely the scattering length $a_0$ and the effective range $r_0$, are extracted in $J^P=1^+$ channel. Our results indicate that, in this particular channel, the interaction between the two vector charmed mesons is weakly repulsive in nature hence do not support the possibility of a shallow bound state for the two mesons, at least for the pion mass values being studied. Read More

A numerically exact path integral treatment of the absorption and emission spectra of open quantum systems is presented that requires only the straightforward solution of a stochastic differential equation. The approach converges rapidly enabling the calculation of spectra of large excitonic systems across the complete range of system parameters and for arbitrary bath spectral densities. With the numerically exact absorption and emission operators one can also immediately compute energy transfer rates using the multi-chromophoric Forster resonant energy transfer formalism. Read More

We investigate the geometric phase of a two-level atom (qubit) coupled to a bosonic reservoir with Lorentzian spectral density, and find that for the non-Markovian dynamics in which rotating-wave approximation (RWA) is performed, geometric phase has a $\pi$-phase jump at the nodal point. However, the exact result without RWA given by hierarchy equation of motion method shows that there is no such a phase jump or nodal structure in geometric phase. Thus our results demonstrate that the counter-rotating terms significantly contribute to the geometric phase in multi-mode Hamiltonian under certain circumstances. Read More

Hadron masses can be decomposed as a sum of components which are defined through hadronic matrix elements of QCD operators. The components consist of the quark mass term, the quark energy term, the glue energy term and the trace anomaly term. We calculate these components of mesons with lattice QCD for the first time. Read More

Hadron masses can be decomposed as a sum of quark and glue components which are defined through hadronic matrix elements of QCD operators. The components consist of the quark mass term, the quark energy term, the glue energy term, and the trace anomaly term. We calculate these components for mesons with lattice QCD for the first time. Read More

**Authors:**Ying Chen, Ming Gong, Yu-Hong Lei, Ning Li, Jian Liang, Chuan Liu, Hang Liu, Jin-Long Liu, Liuming Liu, Yong-Fu Liu, Yu-Bin Liu, Zhaofeng Liu, Jian-Ping Ma, Zhan-Lin Wang, Yi-Bo Yang, Jian-Bo Zhang

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Lattice

In this exploratory lattice study, low-energy scattering of the $(D\bar{D}^{*})^\pm$ meson system is analyzed using lattice QCD with $N_f=2$ twisted mass fermion configurations with three pion mass values. The calculation is performed within single-channel L\"uscher's finite-size formalism. The threshold scattering parameters, namely the scattering length $a_0$ and the effective range $r_0$, for the $s$-wave scattering in $J^P=1^+$ channel are extracted. Read More

We study the F\"orster resonant energy transfer (FRET) rate in multichromophoric systems. The multichromophoric FRET rate is determined by the overlap integral of the donor's emission and acceptor's absorption spectra, which are obtained via 2nd-order cumulant expansion techniques developed in this work. We calculate the spectra and multichromophoric FRET rate for both localized and delocalized systems. Read More

Scalar \cite{scalar_paper} and tensor \cite{tensor_paper} glueballs created in $J/\psi$ radiative decays are studied in quenched lattice QCD. Using two anisotropic lattices to approach the continuum limit, we compute the relevant form factors responsible for the decay rates for $J/\psi\rightarrow\gamma G_{0^{++}}$ and $J/\psi\rightarrow\gamma G_{2^{++}}$. Comparing with the existing experimental data, it is argued that $f_0(1710)$ is a favorable candidate for scalar glueball. Read More

We consider the quantum Fisher information and spin squeezing in one-axis twisting model with a coherent spin state $|\theta_{0},\phi_{0}\rangle$. We analytically discuss the dependence of the two parameters: spin squeezing parameter $\xi^2_{K}$ and the average parameter estimation precision $\chi^2$ on the polar angle $\theta_{0}$ and the azimuth angle $\phi_0$. Moreover, we discuss the effects of the collisional dephasing on the dynamics of the two parameters. Read More

The radiative decay of $J/\psi$ into a pure gauge tensor glueball is studied in the quenched lattice QCD formalism. With two anisotropic lattices, the mutlipole amplitudes E_1(0), M_2(0) and E_3(0) are obtained to be 0.114(12)(6)GeV, -0. Read More

The dynamics of two variants of quantum Fisher information under decoherence are investigated from a geometrical point of view. We first derive the explicit formulas of these two quantities for a single qubit in terms of the Bloch vector. Moreover, we obtain analytical results for them under three different decoherence channels, which are expressed as affine transformation matrices. Read More

InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) working in the regime of GHz clock rates are crucial components for the high-speed quantum key distribution (QKD). We have developed for the first time a compact, stable and user-friendly tabletop InGaAs/InP single-photon detector system operating at a 1.25 GHz gate rate that fully integrates functions for controlling and optimizing SPAD performance. Read More

Properties of $2^{-+}$ charmonium $\eta_{c2}$ are investigated in quenched lattice QCD. The mass of $\eta_{c2}$ is determined to be 3.80(3) GeV, which is close to the mass of $D$-wave charmonium $\psi(3770)$ and in agreement with quark model predictions. Read More

The form factors in the radiative decay of $J/\psi$ to a scalar glueball are studied within quenched lattice QCD on anisotropic lattices. The continuum extrapolation is carried out by using two different lattice spacings. With the results of these form factors, the partial width of $J/\psi$ radiatively decaying into the pure gauge scalar glueball is predicted to be 0. Read More

We investigate a Landau-Zener (LZ) transition process modeled by a quantum two-level system (TLS) coupled to a photon mode when the bias energy is varied linearly in time. The initial state of the photon field is assumed to be a superposition of coherent states, leading to a more intricate LZ transition. Applying the rotating-wave approximation (RWA), analytical results are obtained revealing the enhancement of the LZ probability by increasing the average photon number. Read More

We study spin squeezing under non-Markovian channels, and consider an ensemble of $N$ independent spin-1/2 particles with exchange symmetry. Each spin interacts with its own bath, and the baths are independent and identical. For this kind of open system, the spin squeezing under decoherence can be investigated from the dynamics of the local expectations, and the multi-qubit dynamics can be reduced into the two-qubit one. Read More

If the c-quark has an anomalous color-electric dipole moment (CEDM), it may serve as a new source of CP violation. The strength of such a CP violation depends on the size of the CEDM, d'_c. We propose two effective ways of testing it from the large sample of psi'->J/psi+pi(+)+pi(-) at the Beijing Spectrometer, and the obtained result, |d'_c|<3X10^{-14} e cm (95% C. Read More

We derive a set of hierarchical equations for qubits interacting with a Lorentz-broadened cavity mode at zero temperature, without using the rotating-wave, Born, and Markovian approximations. We use this exact method to reexamine the entanglement dynamics of two qubits interacting with a common bath, which was previously solved only under the rotating-wave and single-excitation approximations. With the exact hierarchy equation method used here, we observe significant differences in the resulting physics, compared to the previous results with various approximations. Read More

Following the calculation of optimal energy transfer in thermal environment in our first paper (Wu et al., New J. Phys. Read More

We present a study for charmonium radiative transitions: $J/\psi\rightarrow\eta_c\gamma$, $\chi_{c0}\rightarrow J/\Psi\gamma$ and $h_c\rightarrow\eta_c\gamma$ using $N_f=2$ twisted mass lattice QCD gauge configurations. The single-quark vector form factors for $\eta_c$ and $\chi_{c0}$ are also determined. The simulation is performed at a lattice spacing of $a= 0. Read More

**Category:**Quantum Physics

This paper reviews quantum spin squeezing, which characterizes the sensitivity of a state with respect to an SU(2) rotation, and is significant for both entanglement detection and high-precision metrology. We first present various definitions of spin squeezing parameters, explain their origin and properties for typical states, and then discuss spin-squeezed states produced with the Ising and the nonlinear twisting Hamiltonians. Afterwards, we explain correlations and entanglement in spin-squeezed states, as well as the relations between spin squeezing and quantum Fisher information, where the latter plays a central role in quantum metrology. Read More

We study spin squeezing, negative correlations, and concurrence in the quantum kicked top model. We prove that the spin squeezing and negative correlations are equivalent for spin systems with only symmetric Dicke states populated. We numerically analyze spin squeezing parameters and concurrence in this model, and find that the maximal spin squeezing direction, which refers to the minimal pairwise correlation direction, is strongly influenced by quantum chaos. Read More

We analyze the optimal measurements accessing classical correlations in arbitrary two-qubit states. Two-qubit states can be transformed into the canonical forms via local unitary operations. For the canonical forms, we investigate the probability distribution of the optimal measurements. Read More

**Category:**Quantum Physics

We study the relations between spin squeezing and concurrence, and find that they are qualitatively equivalent for an ensemble of spin-1/2 particles with exchange symmetry and parity, if we adopt the spin squeezing criterion given by the recent work (G. Toth et al. Phys. Read More

We study the reduced fidelity susceptibility $\chi_{r}$ for an $M$-body subsystem of an $N$-body Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model with $\tau=M/N$ fixed. The reduced fidelity susceptibility can be viewed as the response of subsystem to a certain parameter. In noncritical region, the inner correlation of the system is weak, and $\chi_{r}$ behaves similar with the global fidelity susceptibility $\chi_{g}$, the ratio $\eta=\chi_{r}/\chi_{g}$ depends on $\tau$ but not $N$. Read More

Low-energy scattering of $D^*$ and $D_1$ meson are studied using quenched lattice QCD with improved lattice actions on anisotropic lattices. The calculation is performed within L\"uscher's finite-size formalism which establishes the relation between the scattering phase in the infinite volume and the exact energy level in the finite volume. The threshold scattering parameters, namely the scattering length $a_0$ and the effective range $r_0$, for the s-wave scattering in $J^P=0^-$ channel are extracted. Read More

Fisher information, lies at the heart of parameter estimation theory, was recently found to have a close relation with multipartite entanglement (Pezz\'{e} and Smerzi, Phys. Rev. Lett. Read More

Thermal properties of glueballs in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory are investigated in a large temperature range from $0.3T_c$ to $1.9T_c$ on anisotropic lattices. Read More

We study critical behaviors of the reduced fidelity susceptibility for two neighboring sites in the one-dimensional transverse field Ising model. It is found that the divergent behaviors of the susceptibility take the form of square of logarithm, in contrast with the global ground-state fidelity susceptibility which is power divergence. In order to perform a scaling analysis, we take the square root of the susceptibility and determine the scaling exponent analytically and the result is further confirmed by numerical calculations. Read More

We use reduced fidelity approach to characterize quantum phase transitions in the one-dimensional spin-1/2 dimerized Heisenberg chain in the antiferromagnetic case. The reduced fidelity susceptibilities between two nearest-neighboring spin pairs are considered. We find that they are directly related to the square of the second derivative of the ground-state energy. Read More

We prove that mutual information is actually negative copula entropy, based on which a method for mutual information estimation is proposed. Read More

We derive a general formula of the reduced fidelity susceptibility when the reduced density matrix is $2\times2$ block-diagonal. By using this result and the continuous unitary transformations, we study finite-size scaling of the reduced fidelity susceptibility in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick Model. It is found that it can be used to characterize quantum phase transitions, implying that we can extract information of quantum phase transitions only from the fidelity of a subsystem, which is of practical meaning in experiments. Read More

We propose a new framework for dependence structure learning via copula. Copula is a statistical theory on dependence and measurement of association. Graphical models are considered as a type of special case of copula families, named product copula. Read More