James E. Gunn - Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

James E. Gunn
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Name
James E. Gunn
Affiliation
Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
City
Princeton
Country
United States

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (32)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (16)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (13)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (4)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)

Publications Authored By James E. Gunn

2017Feb
Authors: Michael R. Blanton, Matthew A. Bershady, Bela Abolfathi, Franco D. Albareti, Carlos Allende Prieto, Andres Almeida, Javier Alonso-García, Friedrich Anders, Scott F. Anderson, Brett Andrews, Erik Aquino-Ortíz, Alfonso Aragón-Salamanca, Maria Argudo-Fernández, Eric Armengaud, Eric Aubourg, Vladimir Avila-Reese, Carles Badenes, Stephen Bailey, Kathleen A. Barger, Jorge Barrera-Ballesteros, Curtis Bartosz, Dominic Bates, Falk Baumgarten, Julian Bautista, Rachael Beaton, Timothy C. Beers, Francesco Belfiore, Chad F. Bender, Andreas A. Berlind, Mariangela Bernardi, Florian Beutler, Jonathan C. Bird, Dmitry Bizyaev, Guillermo A. Blanc, Michael Blomqvist, Adam S. Bolton, Médéric Boquien, Jura Borissova, Remco van den Bosch, Jo Bovy, William N. Brandt, Jonathan Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, Adam J. Burgasser, Etienne Burtin, Nicolás G. Busca, Michele Cappellari, Maria Leticia Delgado Carigi, Joleen K. Carlberg, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Ricardo Carrera, Brian Cherinka, Edmond Cheung, Yilen Gómez Maqueo Chew, Cristina Chiappini, Peter Doohyun Choi, Drew Chojnowski, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Haeun Chung, Rafael Fernando Cirolini, Nicolas Clerc, Roger E. Cohen, Johan Comparat, Luiz da Costa, Marie-Claude Cousinou, Kevin Covey, Jeffrey D. Crane, Rupert A. C. Croft, Irene Cruz-Gonzalez, Daniel Garrido Cuadra, Katia Cunha, Guillermo J. Damke, Jeremy Darling, Roger Davies, Kyle Dawson, Axel de la Macorra, Nathan De Lee, Timothée Delubac, Francesco Di Mille, Aleks Diamond-Stanic, Mariana Cano-Díaz, John Donor, Juan José Downes, Niv Drory, Hélion du Mas des Bourboux, Christopher J. Duckworth, Tom Dwelly, Jamie Dyer, Garrett Ebelke, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Eric Emsellem, Mike Eracleous, Stephanie Escoffier, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Emma Fernández-Alvar, J. G. Fernandez-Trincado, Diane K. Feuillet, Alexis Finoguenov, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Alexander Fredrickson, Gordon Freischlad, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Lluís Galbany, R. Garcia-Dias, D. A. García-Hernández, Patrick Gaulme, Doug Geisler, Joseph D. Gelfand, Héctor Gil-Marín, Bruce A. Gillespie, Daniel Goddard, Violeta Gonzalez-Perez, Kathleen Grabowski, Paul J. Green, Catherine J. Grier, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Julien Guy, Alex Hagen, ChangHoon Hahn, Matthew Hall, Paul Harding, Sten Hasselquist, Suzanne L. Hawley, Fred Hearty, Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernández, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Kelly Holley-Bockelmann, Jon A. Holtzman, Parker H. Holzer, Joseph Huehnerhoff, Timothy A. Hutchinson, Ho Seong Hwang, Héctor J. Ibarra-Medel, Gabriele da Silva Ilha, Inese I. Ivans, KeShawn Ivory, Kelly Jackson, Trey W. Jensen, Jennifer A. Johnson, Amy Jones, Henrik Jönsson, Eric Jullo, Vikrant Kamble, Karen Kinemuchi, David Kirkby, Francisco-Shu Kitaura, Mark Klaene, Gillian R. Knapp, Jean-Paul Kneib, Juna A. Kollmeier, Ivan Lacerna, Richard R. Lane, Dustin Lang, David R. Law, Daniel Lazarz, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Fu-Heng Liang, Cheng Li, Hongyu LI, Marcos Lima, Lihwai Lin, Yen-Ting Lin, Sara Bertran de Lis, Chao Liu, Miguel Angel C. de Icaza Lizaola, Dan Long, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Nicholas K. MacDonald, Alice Deconto Machado, Chelsea L. MacLeod, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio Antonio Geimba Maia, Roberto Maiolino, Steven R. Majewski, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Arturo Manchado, Shude Mao, Claudia Maraston, Rui Marques-Chaves, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Richard M. McDermid, Brianne McGrath, Ian D. McGreer, Nicolás Medina Peña, Matthew Melendez, Andrea Merloni, Michael R. Merrifield, Szabolcs Meszaros, Andres Meza, Ivan Minchev, Dante Minniti, Takamitsu Miyaji, Surhud More, John Mulchaey, Francisco Müller-Sánchez, Demitri Muna, Ricardo R. Munoz, Adam D. Myers, Preethi Nair, Kirpal Nandra, Janaina Correa do Nascimento, Alenka Negrete, Melissa Ness, Jeffrey A. Newman, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Christian Nitschelm, Pierros Ntelis, Julia E. O'Connell, Ryan J. Oelkers, Audrey Oravetz, Daniel Oravetz, Zach Pace, Nelson Padilla, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Pedro Alonso Palicio, Kaike Pan, Taniya Parikh, Isabelle Pâris, Changbom Park, Alim Y. Patten, Sebastien Peirani, Marcos Pellejero-Ibanez, Samantha Penny, Will J. Percival, Ismael Perez-Fournon, Patrick Petitjean, Matthew M. Pieri, Marc Pinsonneault, Alice Pisani, Radosław Poleski, Francisco Prada, Abhishek Prakash, Anna Bárbara de Andrade Queiroz, M. Jordan Raddick, Anand Raichoor, Sandro Barboza Rembold, Hannah Richstein, Rogemar A. Riffel, Rogério Riffel, Hans-Walter Rix, Annie C. Robin, Constance M. Rockosi, Sergio Rodríguez-Torres, A. Roman-Lopes, Carlos Román-Zúñiga, Margarita Rosado, Ashley J. Ross, Graziano Rossi, John Ruan, Rossana Ruggeri, Eli S. Rykoff, Salvador Salazar-Albornoz, Mara Salvato, Ariel G. Sánchez, David Sánchez Aguado, José R. Sánchez-Gallego, Felipe A. Santana, Basílio Xavier Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Jaderson da Silva Schimoia, Edward F. Schlafly, David J. Schlegel, Donald P. Schneider, Mathias Schultheis, William J. Schuster, Axel Schwope, Hee-Jong Seo, Zhengyi Shao, Shiyin Shen, Matthew Shetrone, Michael Shull, Joshua D. Simon, Danielle Skinner, M. F. Skrutskie, Anže Slosar, Verne V. Smith, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Flavia Sobreira, Garrett Somers, Diogo Souto, David V. Stark, Keivan Stassun, Fritz Stauffer, Matthias Steinmetz, Thaisa Storchi-Bergmann, Alina Streblyanska, Guy S. Stringfellow, Genaro Suárez, Jing Sun, Nao Suzuki, Laszlo Szigeti, Manuchehr Taghizadeh-Popp, Baitian Tang, Charling Tao, Jamie Tayar, Mita Tembe, Johanna Teske, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Benjamin A. Thompson, Jeremy L. Tinker, Patricia Tissera, Rita Tojeiro, Hector Hernandez Toledo, Sylvain de la Torre, Christy Tremonti, Nicholas W. Troup, Octavio Valenzuela, Inma Martinez Valpuesta, Jaime Vargas-González, Mariana Vargas-Magaña, Jose Alberto Vazquez, Sandro Villanova, M. Vivek, Nicole Vogt, David Wake, Rene Walterbos, Yuting Wang, Benjamin Alan Weaver, Anne-Marie Weijmans, David H. Weinberg, Kyle B. Westfall, David G. Whelan, Vivienne Wild, John Wilson, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Dominika Wylezalek, Ting Xiao, Renbin Yan, Meng Yang, Jason E. Ybarra, Christophe Yèche, Nadia Zakamska, Olga Zamora, Pauline Zarrouk, Gail Zasowski, Kai Zhang, Gong-Bo Zhao, Zheng Zheng, Zhi-Min Zhou, Guangtun B. Zhu, Manuela Zoccali, Hu Zou

We describe the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV (SDSS-IV), a project encompassing three major spectroscopic programs. The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment 2 (APOGEE-2) is observing hundreds of thousands of Milky Way stars at high resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio in the near-infrared. The Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey is obtaining spatially-resolved spectroscopy for thousands of nearby galaxies (median redshift of z = 0. Read More

2017Feb
Authors: Hiroaki Aihara, Robert Armstrong, Steven Bickerton, James Bosch, Jean Coupon, Hisanori Furusawa, Yusuke Hayashi, Hiroyuki Ikeda, Yukiko Kamata, Hiroshi Karoji, Satoshi Kawanomoto, Michitaro Koike, Yutaka Komiyama, Robert H. Lupton, Sogo Mineo, Hironao Miyatake, Satoshi Miyazaki, Tomoki Morokuma, Yoshiyuki Obuchi, Yukie Oishi, Yuki Okura, Paul A. Price, Tadafumi Takata, Manobu M. Tanaka, Masayuki Tanaka, Yoko Tanaka, Tomohisa Uchida, Fumihiro Uraguchi, Yousuke Utsumi, Shiang-Yu Wang, Yoshihiko Yamada, Hitomi Yamanoi, Naoki Yasuda, Nobuo Arimoto, Masashi Chiba, Francois Finet, Hiroki Fujimori, Seiji Fujimoto, Junko Furusawa, Tomotsugu Goto, Andy Goulding, James E. Gunn, Yuichi Harikane, Takashi Hattori, Masao Hayashi, Krzysztof G. Helminiak, Ryo Higuchi, Chiaki Hikage, Paul T. P. Ho, Bau-Ching Hsieh, Kuiyun Huang, Song Huang, Masatoshi Imanishi, Ikuru Iwata, Anton T. Jaelani, Hung-Yu Jian, Nobunari Kashikawa, Nobuhiko Katayama, Takashi Kojima, Akira Konno, Shintaro Koshida, Alexie Leauthaud, C. -H. Lee, Lihwai Lin, Yen-Ting Lin, Rachel Mandelbaum, Yoshiki Matsuoka, Elinor Medezinski, Shoken Miyama, Rieko Momose, Anupreeta More, Surhud More, Shiro Mukae, Ryoma Murata, Hitoshi Murayama, Tohru Nagao, Fumiaki Nakata, Hiroko Niikura, Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Masamune Oguri, Nobuhiro Okabe, Yoshiaki Ono, Masato Onodera, Masafusa Onoue, Masami Ouchi, Tae-Soo Pyo, Takatoshi Shibuya, Kazuhiro Shimasaku, Melanie Simet, Joshua Speagle, David N. Spergel, Michael A. Strauss, Yuma Sugahara, Naoshi Sugiyama, Yasushi Suto, Nao Suzuki, Philip J. Tait, Masahiro Takada, Tsuyoshi Terai, Yoshiki Toba, Edwin L. Turner, Hisakazu Uchiyama, Keiichi Umetsu, Yuji Urata, Tomonori Usuda, Sherry Yeh, Suraphong Yuma

The Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (HSC-SSP) is a three-layered imaging survey aimed at addressing some of the most outstanding questions in astronomy today, including the nature of dark matter and dark energy. The survey has been awarded 300 nights of observing time at the Subaru Telescope. The survey started in March 2014. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: Naoyuki Tamura, Naruhisa Takato, Atsushi Shimono, Yuki Moritani, Kiyoto Yabe, Yuki Ishizuka, Akitoshi Ueda, Yukiko Kamata, Hrand Aghazarian, Stephane Arnouts, Gabriel Barban, Robert H. Barkhouser, Renato C. Borges, David F. Braun, Michael A. Carr, Pierre-Yves Chabaud, Yin-Chang Chang, Hsin-Yo Chen, Masashi Chiba, Richard C. Y. Chou, You-Hua Chu, Judith G. Cohen, Rodrigo P. de Almeida, Antonio C. de Oliveira, Ligia S. de Oliveira, Richard G. Dekany, Kjetil Dohlen, Jesulino B. dos Santos, Leandro H. dos Santos, Richard S. Ellis, Maximilian Fabricius, Didier Ferrand, Decio Ferreira, Mirek Golebiowski, Jenny E. Greene, Johannes Gross, James E. Gunn, Randolph Hammond, Albert Harding, Murdock Hart, Timothy M. Heckman, Christopher M. Hirata, Paul Ho, Stephen C. Hope, Larry Hovland, Shu-Fu Hsu, Yen-Shan Hu, Ping-Jie Huang, Marc Jaquet, Yipeng Jing, Jennifer Karr, Masahiko Kimura, Matthew E. King, Eiichiro Komatsu, Vincent Le Brun, Olivier Le Fevre, Arnaud Le Fur, David Le Mignant, Hung-Hsu Ling, Craig P. Loomis, Robert H. Lupton, Fabrice Madec, Peter Mao, Lucas S. Marrara, Claudia Mendes de Oliveira, Yosuke Minowa, Chaz N. Morantz, Hitoshi Murayama, Graham J. Murray, Youichi Ohyama, Joseph Orndorff, Sandrine Pascal, Jefferson M. Pereira, Daniel J. Reiley, Martin Reinecke, Andreas Ritter, Mitsuko Roberts, Mark A. Schwochert, Michael D. Seiffert, Stephen A. Smee, Laerte Sodre Jr., David N. Spergel, Aaron J. Steinkraus, Michael A. Strauss, Christian Surace, Yasushi Suto, Nao Suzuki, John Swinbank, Philip J. Tait, Masahiro Takada, Tomonori Tamura, Yoko Tanaka, Laurence Tresse, Orlando Verducci Jr., Didier Vibert, Clement Vidal, Shiang-Yu Wang, Chih-Yi Wen, Chi-Hung Yan, Naoki Yasuda

PFS (Prime Focus Spectrograph), a next generation facility instrument on the 8.2-meter Subaru Telescope, is a very wide-field, massively multiplexed, optical and near-infrared spectrograph. Exploiting the Subaru prime focus, 2394 reconfigurable fibers will be distributed over the 1. Read More

The high quantum efficiencies (QE) of backside illuminated charge coupled devices (CCD) has ushered in the age of the large scale astronomical survey. The QE of these devices can be greater than 90 %, and is dependent upon the operating temperature, device thickness, backside charging mechanisms, and anti-reflection (AR) coatings. But at optical wavelengths the QE is well approximated as one minus the reflectance, thus the measurement of the backside reflectivity of these devices provides a second independent measure of their QE. Read More

We describe the design and performance of the SuMIRe Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) visible camera cryostats. SuMIRe PFS is a massively multi-plexed ground-based spectrograph consisting of four identical spectrograph modules, each receiving roughly 600 fibers from a 2394 fiber robotic positioner at the prime focus. Each spectrograph module has three channels covering wavelength ranges 380~nm -- 640~nm, 640~nm -- 955~nm, and 955~nm -- 1. Read More

The MaNGA Survey (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) is one of three core programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV. It is obtaining integral field spectroscopy (IFS) for 10K nearby galaxies at a spectral resolution of R~2000 from 3,622-10,354A. The design of the survey is driven by a set of science requirements on the precision of estimates of the following properties: star formation rate surface density, gas metallicity, stellar population age, metallicity, and abundance ratio, and their gradients; stellar and gas kinematics; and enclosed gravitational mass as a function of radius. Read More

Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA), one of three core programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-IV (SDSS-IV), is an integral-field spectroscopic (IFS) survey of roughly 10,000 nearby galaxies. It employs dithered observations using 17 hexagonal bundles of 2 arcsec fibers to obtain resolved spectroscopy over a wide wavelength range of 3,600-10,300A. To map the internal variations within each galaxy, we need to perform accurate {\it spectral surface photometry}, which is to calibrate the specific intensity at every spatial location sampled by each individual aperture element of the integral field unit. Read More

2015Sep

The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), one of the programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), has now completed its systematic, homogeneous spectroscopic survey sampling all major populations of the Milky Way. After a three year observing campaign on the Sloan 2.5-m Telescope, APOGEE has collected a half million high resolution (R~22,500), high S/N (>100), infrared (1. Read More

2015Jul

The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is an optical/near-infrared multifiber spectrograph with 2394 science fibers distributed across a 1.3-deg diameter field of view at the Subaru 8.2-m telescope. Read More

We present properties of moderately massive clusters of galaxies detected by the newly developed Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru telescope using weak gravitational lensing. Eight peaks exceeding a S/N ratio of 4.5 are identified on the convergence S/N map of a 2. Read More

2015Jan
Authors: Shadab Alam1, Franco D. Albareti2, Carlos Allende Prieto3, F. Anders4, Scott F. Anderson5, Brett H. Andrews6, Eric Armengaud7, Éric Aubourg8, Stephen Bailey9, Julian E. Bautista10, Rachael L. Beaton11, Timothy C. Beers12, Chad F. Bender13, Andreas A. Berlind14, Florian Beutler15, Vaishali Bhardwaj16, Jonathan C. Bird17, Dmitry Bizyaev18, Cullen H. Blake19, Michael R. Blanton20, Michael Blomqvist21, John J. Bochanski22, Adam S. Bolton23, Jo Bovy24, A. Shelden Bradley25, W. N. Brandt26, D. E. Brauer27, J. Brinkmann28, Peter J. Brown29, Joel R. Brownstein30, Angela Burden31, Etienne Burtin32, Nicolás G. Busca33, Zheng Cai34, Diego Capozzi35, Aurelio Carnero Rosell36, Ricardo Carrera37, Yen-Chi Chen38, Cristina Chiappini39, S. Drew Chojnowski40, Chia-Hsun Chuang41, Nicolas Clerc42, Johan Comparat43, Kevin Covey44, Rupert A. C. Croft45, Antonio J. Cuesta46, Katia Cunha47, Luiz N. da Costa48, Nicola Da Rio49, James R. A. Davenport50, Kyle S. Dawson51, Nathan De Lee52, Timothée Delubac53, Rohit Deshpande54, Letícia Dutra-Ferreira55, Tom Dwelly56, Anne Ealet57, Garrett L. Ebelke58, Edward M. Edmondson59, Daniel J. Eisenstein60, Stephanie Escoffier61, Massimiliano Esposito62, Xiaohui Fan63, Emma Fernández-Alvar64, Diane Feuillet65, Nurten Filiz Ak66, Hayley Finley67, Alexis Finoguenov68, Kevin Flaherty69, Scott W. Fleming70, Andreu Font-Ribera71, Jonathan Foster72, Peter M. Frinchaboy73, J. G. Galbraith-Frew74, D. A. García-Hernández75, Ana E. García Pérez76, Patrick Gaulme77, Jian Ge78, R. Génova-Santos79, Luan Ghezzi80, Bruce A. Gillespie81, Léo Girardi82, Daniel Goddard83, Satya Gontcho A Gontcho84, Jonay I. González Hernández85, Eva K. Grebel86, Jan Niklas Grieb87, Nolan Grieves88, James E. Gunn89, Hong Guo90, Paul Harding91, Sten Hasselquist92, Suzanne L. Hawley93, Michael Hayden94, Fred R. Hearty95, Shirley Ho96, David W. Hogg97, Kelly Holley-Bockelmann98, Jon A. Holtzman99, Klaus Honscheid100, Joseph Huehnerhoff101, Linhua Jiang102, Jennifer A. Johnson103, Karen Kinemuchi104, David Kirkby105, Francisco Kitaura106, Mark A. Klaene107, Jean-Paul Kneib108, Xavier P. Koenig109, Charles R. Lam110, Ting-Wen Lan111, Dustin Lang112, Pierre Laurent113, Jean-Marc Le Goff114, Alexie Leauthaud115, Khee-Gan Lee116, Young Sun Lee117, Timothy C. Licquia118, Jian Liu119, Daniel C. Long120, Martín López-Corredoira121, Diego Lorenzo-Oliveira122, Sara Lucatello123, Britt Lundgren124, Robert H. Lupton125, Claude E. Mack III126, Suvrath Mahadevan127, Marcio A. G. Maia128, Steven R. Majewski129, Elena Malanushenko130, Viktor Malanushenko131, A. Manchado132, Marc Manera133, Qingqing Mao134, Claudia Maraston135, Robert C. Marchwinski136, Daniel Margala137, Sarah L. Martell138, Marie Martig139, Karen L. Masters140, Cameron K. McBride141, Peregrine M. McGehee142, Ian D. McGreer143, Richard G. McMahon144, Brice Ménard145, Marie-Luise Menzel146, Andrea Merloni147, Szabolcs Mészáros148, Adam A. Miller149, Jordi Miralda-Escudé150, Hironao Miyatake151, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta152, Surhud More153, Xan Morice-Atkinson154, Heather L. Morrison155, Demitri Muna156, Adam D. Myers157, Jeffrey A. Newman158, Mark Neyrinck159, Duy Cuong Nguyen160, Robert C. Nichol161, David L. Nidever162, Pasquier Noterdaeme163, Sebastián E. Nuza164, Julia E. O'Connell165, Robert W. O'Connell166, Ross O'Connell167, Ricardo L. C. Ogando168, Matthew D. Olmstead169, Audrey E. Oravetz170, Daniel J. Oravetz171, Keisuke Osumi172, Russell Owen173, Deborah L. Padgett174, Nikhil Padmanabhan175, Martin Paegert176, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille177, Kaike Pan178, John K. Parejko179, Changbom Park180, Isabelle Pâris181, Petchara Pattarakijwanich182, M. Pellejero-Ibanez183, Joshua Pepper184, Will J. Percival185, Ismael Pérez-Fournon186, Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols187, Patrick Petitjean188, Matthew M. Pieri189, Marc H. Pinsonneault190, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello191, Francisco Prada192, Abhishek Prakash193, Adrian M. Price-Whelan194, M. Jordan Raddick195, Mubdi Rahman196, Beth A. Reid197, James Rich198, Hans-Walter Rix199, Annie C. Robin200, Constance M. Rockosi201, Thaíse S. Rodrigues202, Sergio Rodríguez-Rottes203, Natalie A. Roe204, Ashley J. Ross205, Nicholas P. Ross206, Graziano Rossi207, John J. Ruan208, J. A. Rubiño-Martín209, Eli S. Rykoff210, Salvador Salazar-Albornoz211, Mara Salvato212, Lado Samushia213, Ariel G. Sánchez214, Basílio Santiago215, Conor Sayres216, Ricardo P. Schiavon217, David J. Schlegel218, Sarah J. Schmidt219, Donald P. Schneider220, Mathias Schultheis221, Axel D. Schwope222, C. G. Scóccola223, Kris Sellgren224, Hee-Jong Seo225, Neville Shane226, Yue Shen227, Matthew Shetrone228, Yiping Shu229, Thirupathi Sivarani230, M. F. Skrutskie231, Anže Slosar232, Verne V. Smith233, Flávia Sobreira234, Keivan G. Stassun235, Matthias Steinmetz236, Michael A. Strauss237, Alina Streblyanska238, Molly E. C. Swanson239, Jonathan C. Tan240, Jamie Tayar241, Ryan C. Terrien242, Aniruddha R. Thakar243, Daniel Thomas244, Benjamin A. Thompson245, Jeremy L. Tinker246, Rita Tojeiro247, Nicholas W. Troup248, Mariana Vargas-Magaña249, Jose A. Vazquez250, Licia Verde251, Matteo Viel252, Nicole P. Vogt253, David A. Wake254, Ji Wang255, Benjamin A. Weaver256, David H. Weinberg257, Benjamin J. Weiner258, Martin White259, John C. Wilson260, John P. Wisniewski261, W. M. Wood-Vasey262, Christophe Yèche263, Donald G. York264, Nadia L. Zakamska265, O. Zamora266, Gail Zasowski267, Idit Zehavi268, Gong-Bo Zhao269, Zheng Zheng270, Xu Zhou271, Zhimin Zhou272, Guangtun Zhu273, Hu Zou274
Affiliations: 1Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 2Instituto de Física Teórica, 3Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 4Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 5Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 6Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 7CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 8APC, University of Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/IRFU, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-75205 Paris, France, 9Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 10APC, University of Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/IRFU, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-75205 Paris, France, 11Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 12Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 USA, 13Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 14Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 15Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 16Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 17Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 18Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 19University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 219 S. 33rd St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA, 20Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 21Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, 22Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 23Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 24Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA, 25Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 26Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 27Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 28Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 29George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A. and M. University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4242 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA, 30Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 31Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 32CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 33Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 34Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 35Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 36Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 37Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38Department of Statistics, Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 39Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 40Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 41Instituto de Física Teórica, 42Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 43Instituto de Física Teórica, 44Lowell Observatory, 1400 W. Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff AZ 86001, 45Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 46Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona/IEEC, Barcelona E-08028, Spain, 47Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 48Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 49Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 50Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 51Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 52Department of Physics and Geology, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41099, USA, 53Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 54Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 55Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Observatório do Valongo, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, 20080-090 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 56Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 57Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, E-13288 Marseille, France, 58Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 59Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 60Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA, 61Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, E-13288 Marseille, France, 62Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 63Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 64Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 65Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 66Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 67Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris, France, 68Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2, Helsinki FI-00140, Finland, 69Department of Astronomy, Van Vleck Observatory, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, 70Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 71Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 72Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA, 73Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, 2800 South University Drive, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA, 74Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 75Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 76Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 77Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 78Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 79Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 80Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 81Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 82INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy, 83Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 84Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona/IEEC, Barcelona E-08028, Spain, 85Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 86Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12--14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany, 87Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 88Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 89Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 90Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 91Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA, 92Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 93Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 94Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 95Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 96Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 97Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 98Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 99Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 100Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 101Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 102Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China, 103Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 104Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 105Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, 106Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 107Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 108Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 109Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101, USA, 110Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 111Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 112Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 113CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 114CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 115Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, 116Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany, 117Department of Astronomy and Space Science Chungnam National University Daejeon 305-764, Repulic of Korea, 118PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA, 119Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 120Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 121Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 122Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Observatório do Valongo, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, 20080-090 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 123INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy, 124Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison WI 53703, USA, 125Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 126Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 127Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 128Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 129Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 130Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 131Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 132Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 133Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 134Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 135Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 136Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 137Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, 138School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia, 139Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany, 140Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 141Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA, 142IPAC, MS 220-6, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA, 143Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 144Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK, 145Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 146Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 147Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 148ELTE Gothard Astrophysical Observatory, H-9704 Szombathely, Szent Imre herceg st. 112, Hungary, 149Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA, 150Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Barcelona E-08010, Spain, 151Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 152Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 153Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, 154Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 155Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA, 156Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 157Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA, 158PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA, 159Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 160Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H4, Canada, 161Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 162Dept. of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48104, USA, 163Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris, France, 164Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 165Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, 2800 South University Drive, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA, 166Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 167Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 168Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 169Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 170Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 171Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 172Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 173Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 174NASA/GSFC, Code 665, Greenbelt, MC 20770, USA, 175Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA, 176Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 177CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 178Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 179Department of Physics, Yale University, 260 Whitney Ave, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA, 180School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, 85 Hoegiro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-722, Republic of Korea, 181INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G. B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste, Italy, 182Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 183Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 184Department of Physics, Lehigh University, 16 Memorial Drive East, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA, 185Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 186Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 187Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona/IEEC, Barcelona E-08028, Spain, 188Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris, France, 189A*MIDEX, Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM, 190Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 191Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Observatório do Valongo, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, 20080-090 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 192Instituto de Física Teórica, 193PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA, 194Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA, 195Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 196Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 197Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 198CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 199Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany, 200Université de Franche-Comté, Institut Utinam, UMR CNRS 6213, OSU Theta, Besançon, F-25010, France, 201Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA, 202INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy, 203Instituto de Física Teórica, 204Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 205Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 206Department of Physics, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA, 207Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Sejong University, Seoul, 143-747, Korea, 208Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 209Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 210SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, 211Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Scheinerstrasse 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany, 212Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 213Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA, 214Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 215Instituto de Física, UFRGS, Caixa Postal 15051, Porto Alegre, RS - 91501-970, Brazil, 216Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 217Gemini Observatory, 670 N. A'Ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA, 218Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 219Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 220Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 221Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de Côte d'Azur, Laboratoire Lagrange, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4, France, 222Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 223Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 224Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 225Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, 251B Clippinger Labs, Athens, OH 45701, USA, 226Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 227Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA, 228University of Texas at Austin, Hobby-Eberly Telescope, 32 Fowlkes Rd, McDonald Observatory, TX 79734-3005, USA, 229Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 230Indian Institute of Astrophysics, II Block, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034, India, 231Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 232Brookhaven National Laboratory, Bldg 510, Upton, NY 11973, USA, 233National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ, 85719, USA, 234Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia, - LIneA, Rua Gal.José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 235Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 236Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 237Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 238Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 239Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA, 240Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 241Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 242Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 243Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 244Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 245Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, 2800 South University Drive, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA, 246Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 247School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9SS, UK, 248Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 249Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 250Brookhaven National Laboratory, Bldg 510, Upton, NY 11973, USA, 251Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Barcelona E-08010, Spain, 252INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G. B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste, Italy, 253Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 254Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison WI 53703, USA, 255Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101, USA, 256Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 257Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 258Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 259Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 260Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 261H.L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA, 262PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA, 263CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 264Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA, 265Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 266Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 267Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 268Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA, 269National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China, 270Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 271Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China, 272Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China, 273Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 274Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China

The third generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) took data from 2008 to 2014 using the original SDSS wide-field imager, the original and an upgraded multi-object fiber-fed optical spectrograph, a new near-infrared high-resolution spectrograph, and a novel optical interferometer. All the data from SDSS-III are now made public. In particular, this paper describes Data Release 11 (DR11) including all data acquired through 2013 July, and Data Release 12 (DR12) adding data acquired through 2014 July (including all data included in previous data releases), marking the end of SDSS-III observing. Read More

We present an overview of a new integral field spectroscopic survey called MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory), one of three core programs in the fourth-generation Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-IV) that began on 2014 July 1. MaNGA will investigate the internal kinematic structure and composition of gas and stars in an unprecedented sample of 10,000 nearby galaxies. We summarize essential characteristics of the instrument and survey design in the context of MaNGA's key science goals and present prototype observations to demonstrate MaNGA's scientific potential. Read More

The open cluster NGC 6791 is among the oldest, most massive and metal-rich open clusters in the Galaxy. High-resolution $H$-band spectra from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) of 11 red giants in NGC 6791 are analyzed for their chemical abundances of iron, oxygen, and sodium. The abundances of these three elements are found to be homogeneous (with abundance dispersions at the level of $\sim$ 0. Read More

2014Nov
Authors: Éric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Julian E. Bautista, Florian Beutler, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, Adam S. Bolton, Jo Bovy, Howard Brewington, J. Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Angela Burden, Nicolás G. Busca, William Carithers, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Johan Comparat, Antonio J. Cuesta, Kyle S. Dawson, Timothée Delubac, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Andreu Font-Ribera, Jian Ge, J. -M. Le Goff, Satya Gontcho A Gontcho, J. Richard Gott III, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Julien Guy, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, Shirley Ho, Klaus Honscheid, Cullan Howlett, David Kirkby, Francisco S. Kitaura, Jean-Paul Kneib, Khee-Gan Lee, Dan Long, Robert H. Lupton, Mariana Vargas Magaña, Viktor Malanushenko, Elena Malanushenko, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Cameron K. McBride, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Adam D. Myers, Robert C. Nichol, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Sebastián E. Nuza, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel Oravetz, Isabelle Pâris, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, Marcos Pellejero-Ibanez, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Prada, Beth Reid, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Graziano Rossi, Jose Alberto Rubiño-Martín, Ariel G. Sánchez, Lado Samushia, Ricardo Tanausú Génova Santos, Claudia G. Scóccola, David J. Schlegel, Donald P. Schneider, Hee-Jong Seo, Erin Sheldon, Audrey Simmons, Ramin A. Skibba, Anže Slosar, Michael A. Strauss, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Jose Alberto Vazquez, Matteo Viel, David A. Wake, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Christophe Yèche, Idit Zehavi, Gong-Bo Zhao

We derive constraints on cosmological parameters and tests of dark energy models from the combination of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements with cosmic microwave background (CMB) and Type Ia supernova (SN) data. We take advantage of high-precision BAO measurements from galaxy clustering and the Ly-alpha forest (LyaF) in the BOSS survey of SDSS-III. BAO data alone yield a high confidence detection of dark energy, and in combination with the CMB angular acoustic scale they further imply a nearly flat universe. Read More

We describe the expected scientific capabilities of CHARIS, a high-contrast integral-field spectrograph (IFS) currently under construction for the Subaru telescope. CHARIS is part of a new generation of instruments, enabled by extreme adaptive optics (AO) systems (including SCExAO at Subaru), that promise greatly improved contrasts at small angular separation thanks to their ability to use spectral information to distinguish planets from quasistatic speckles in the stellar point-spread function (PSF). CHARIS is similar in concept to GPI and SPHERE, on Gemini South and the Very Large Telescope, respectively, but will be unique in its ability to simultaneously cover the entire near-infrared $J$, $H$, and $K$ bands with a low-resolution mode. Read More

We describe the infrastructure being developed to align and characterize the detectors for the Subaru Measurement of Images and Redshifts (SuMIRe) Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). PFS will employ four three-channel spectrographs with an operating wavelength range of 3800 $\AA$ to 12600 $\AA$. Each spectrograph will be comprised of two visible channels and one near infrared (NIR) channel, where each channel will use a separate Schmidt camera to image the captured spectra onto their respective detectors. Read More

2014Aug

The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is an optical/near-infrared multi-fiber spectrograph with 2394 science fibers, which are distributed in 1.3 degree diameter field of view at Subaru 8.2-meter telescope. Read More

The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is a major instrument under development for the 8.2 m Subaru telescope. Four identical spectrograph modules are located in a room above one Nasmyth focus. Read More

We present the detailed design of the near infrared camera for the SuMIRe (Subaru Measurement of Images and Redshifts) Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) being developed for the Subaru Telescope. The PFS spectrograph is designed to collect spectra from 2394 objects simultaneously, covering wavelengths that extend from 380 nm - 1.26 um. Read More

FOCCoS, Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System, has the main function of capturing the direct light from the focal plane of Subaru Telescope using optical fibers, each one with a microlens in its tip, and conducting this light through a route containing connectors to a set of four spectrographs. The optical fiber cable is divided in 3 different segments called Cable A, Cable B and Cable C. Multi-fibers connectors assure precise connection among all optical fibers of the segments, providing flexibility for instrument changes. Read More

The SuMIRe Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS), developed for the 8-m class SUBARU telescope, will consist of four identical spectrographs, each receiving 600 fibers from a 2394 fiber robotic positioner at the telescope prime focus. Each spectrograph includes three spectral channels to cover the wavelength range 0.38-1. Read More

The Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System, FOCCoS, subsystem of the Prime Focus Spectrograph, PFS, for Subaru telescope, is responsible to feed four spectrographs with a set of optical fibers cables. The light injection for each spectrograph is assured by a convex curved slit with a linear array of 616 optical fibers. In this paper we present a design of a slit that ensures the right direction of the fibers by using masks of micro holes. Read More

The Fiber Optical Cable and Connector System (FOCCoS), provides optical connection between 2400 positioners and a set of spectrographs through optical fibers cables as part of PFS instrument for Subaru telescope. The optical fiber cable will be segmented in 3 parts along the route, cable A, cable B and cable C, connected by a set of multi-fiber connectors. The company USCONEC produces the multi-fiber connector under study. Read More

The PFS is a multi-object spectrograph fed by 2394 fibers at the prime focus of Subaru telescope. Since the F/# at the prime focus is too fast for the spectrograph, we designed a small concave-plano negative lens to be attached to the tip of each fiber that converts the telescope beam (F/2.2) to F/2. Read More

We present details of the design for the CCD readout electronics for the Subaru Telescope Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS). The spectrograph is comprised of four identical spectrograph modules, each collecting roughly 600 spectra. The spectrograph modules provide simultaneous wavelength coverage over the entire band from 380 nm to 1260 nm through the use of three separate optical channels: blue, red, and near infrared (NIR). Read More

Focal Ration Degradation (FRD) is a change in light angular distribution caused by fiber optics. FRD is important to fiber-fed, spectroscopic astronomical systems because it can cause loss of signal, degradation in spectral resolution, or increased complexity in spectrograph design. Laborat\'orio Nacional de Astrof\'isica (LNA) has developed a system that can accurately and precisely measures FRD, using an absolute method that can also measure fiber throughput. Read More

The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) is a new optical/near-infrared multi-fiber spectrograph designed for the prime focus of the 8.2m Subaru telescope. The metrology camera system of PFS serves as the optical encoder of the COBRA fiber motors for the configuring of fibers. Read More

We present a one per cent measurement of the cosmic distance scale from the detections of the baryon acoustic oscillations in the clustering of galaxies from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). Our results come from the Data Release 11 (DR11) sample, containing nearly one million galaxies and covering approximately $8\,500$ square degrees and the redshift range $0.2Read More

We study the radial dependence in stellar populations of 33 nearby early-type galaxies with central stellar velocity dispersions sigma* > 150 km/s. We measure stellar population properties in composite spectra, and use ratios of these composites to highlight the largest spectral changes as a function of radius. Based on stellar population modeling, the typical star at 2 R_e is old (~10 Gyr), relatively metal poor ([Fe/H] -0. Read More

2013Jul
Authors: Christopher P. Ahn, Rachael Alexandroff, Carlos Allende Prieto, Friedrich Anders, Scott F. Anderson, Timothy Anderton, Brett H. Andrews, Éric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Fabienne A. Bastien, Julian E. Bautista, Timothy C. Beers, Alessandra Beifiori, Chad F. Bender, Andreas A. Berlind, Florian Beutler, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Jonathan C. Bird, Dmitry Bizyaev, Cullen H. Blake, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Arnaud Borde, Jo Bovy, Alaina Shelden Bradley, W. N. Brandt, Dorothée Brauer, J. Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Nicolás G. Busca, William Carithers, Joleen K. Carlberg, Aurelio R. Carnero, Michael A. Carr, Cristina Chiappini, S. Drew Chojnowski, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Johan Comparat, Justin R. Crepp, Stefano Cristiani, Rupert A. C. Croft, Antonio J. Cuesta, Katia Cunha, Luiz N. da Costa, Kyle S. Dawson, Nathan De Lee, Janice D. R. Dean, Timothée Delubac, Rohit Deshpande, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Courtney R. Epstein, Stephanie Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, D. Fabbian, Xiaohui Fan, Ginevra Favole, Bruno Femenía Castellá, Emma Fernández Alvar, Diane Feuillet, Nurten Filiz Ak, Hayley Finley, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Peter M. Frinchaboy, J. G. Galbraith-Frew, D. A. García-Hernández, Ana E. García Pérez, Jian Ge, R. Génova-Santos, Bruce A. Gillespie, Léo Girardi, Jonay I. González Hernández, J. Richard Gott III, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Samuel Halverson, Paul Harding, David W. Harris, Sten Hasselquist, Suzanne L. Hawley, Michael Hayden, Frederick R. Hearty, Artemio Herrero Davó, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, Joseph Huehnerhoff, Inese I. Ivans, Kelly M. Jackson, Peng Jiang, Jennifer A. Johnson, David Kirkby, K. Kinemuchi, Mark A. Klaene, Jean-Paul Kneib, Lars Koesterke, Ting-Wen Lan, Dustin Lang, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Khee-Gan Lee, Young Sun Lee, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Claude E. Mack III, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Steven R. Majewski, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, A. Manchado, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Sarah L. Martell, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Brice Ménard, Sz. Mészáros, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Hironao Miyatake, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Francesco Montesano, Surhud More, Heather L. Morrison, Demitri Muna, Jeffrey A. Munn, Adam D. Myers, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Sebastián E. Nuza, Julia E. O'Connell, Robert W. O'Connell, Ross O'Connell, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Russell Owen, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols, Hélio Dotto Perottoni, Patrick Petitjean, Matthew M. Pieri, M. H. Pinsonneault, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Mubdi Rahman, Rafael Rebolo, Beth A. Reid, Jonathan C. Richards, Rogério Riffel, Annie C. Robin, H. J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Graziano Rossi, Arpita Roy, J. A. Rubiño-Martin, Cristiano G. Sabiu, Ariel G. Sánchez, Basílio Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo P. Schiavon, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Mathias Schultheis, Kris Sellgren, Hee-Jong Seo, Yue Shen, Matthew Shetrone, Yiping Shu, Audrey E. Simmons, M. F. Skrutskie, Anže Slosar, Verne V. Smith, Stephanie A. Snedden, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Flavia Sobreira, Keivan G. Stassun, Matthias Steinmetz, Michael A. Strauss, Alina Streblyanska, Nao Suzuki, Molly E. C. Swanson, Ryan C. Terrien, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Benjamin A. Thompson, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Nicholas W. Troup, Jan Vandenberg, Mariana Vargas Magaña, Matteo Viel, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Benjamin J. Weiner, Martin White, Simon D. M. White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Christophe Yèche, Donald G. York, O. Zamora, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Zheng Zheng, Guangtun Zhu

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) has been in operation since 2000 April. This paper presents the tenth public data release (DR10) from its current incarnation, SDSS-III. This data release includes the first spectroscopic data from the Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), along with spectroscopic data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) taken through 2012 July. Read More

The Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) of the Subaru Measurement of Images and Redshifts (SuMIRe) project has been endorsed by Japanese community as one of the main future instruments of the Subaru 8.2-meter telescope at Mauna Kea, Hawaii. This optical/near-infrared multi-fiber spectrograph targets cosmology with galaxy surveys, Galactic archaeology, and studies of galaxy/AGN evolution. Read More

We describe the conceptual design of the spectrograph opto-mechanical concept for the SuMIRe Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) being developed for the SUBARU telescope. The SuMIRe PFS will consist of four identical spectrographs, each receiving 600 fibers from a 2400 fiber robotic positioner at the prime focus. Each spectrograph will have three channels covering in total, a wavelength range from 380 nm to 1300 nm. Read More

2012Oct
Affiliations: 1Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, 2Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 4Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 5Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 6Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 7Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 8Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, 9Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 10Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Japan, 11LAM - Laboratoire dAstrophysique de Marseille, Traverse du siphon, Marseille, France, 12Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan, 13LAM - Laboratoire dAstrophysique de Marseille, Traverse du siphon, Marseille, France, 14Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 15Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Japan, 16LAM - Laboratoire dAstrophysique de Marseille, Traverse du siphon, Marseille, France, 17Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, 18Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, 19Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Japan, 20National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan, 21Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan, 22Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, 23Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA

We describe the conceptual design of the camera cryostats, detectors, and detector readout electronics for the SuMIRe Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS) being developed for the Subaru telescope. The SuMIRe PFS will consist of four identical spectrographs, each receiving 600 fibers from a 2400 fiber robotic positioner at the prime focus. Each spectrograph will have three channels covering wavelength ranges 3800 {\AA} - 6700 {\AA}, 6500 {\AA} - 10000 {\AA}, and 9700 {\AA} - 13000 {\AA}, with the dispersed light being imaged in each channel by a f/1. Read More

Recent developments in high-contrast imaging techniques now make possible both imaging and spectroscopy of planets around nearby stars. We present the conceptual design of the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS), a lenslet-based, cryogenic integral field spectrograph (IFS) for imaging exoplanets on the Subaru telescope. The IFS will provide spectral information for 140x140 spatial elements over a 1. Read More

We present the design and performance of the multi-object fiber spectrographs for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and their upgrade for the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). Originally commissioned in Fall 1999 on the 2.5-m aperture Sloan Telescope at Apache Point Observatory, the spectrographs produced more than 1. Read More

Ground-based telescopes equipped with adaptive-optics (AO) systems and specialized science cameras are now capable of directly detecting extrasolar planets. We present the expected scientific capabilities of CHARIS, the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph, which is being built for the Subaru 8.2 m telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Read More

2012Jul
Affiliations: 1U. of Utah, 2LBNL, 3APC Paris-Diderot, 4LBNL, 5U. of Washington, 6U. of Utah, 7Cutler Group, LP, 8U. of Wisconsin, 9U. of Utah, 10Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, 11Princeton, 12Princeton, 13Princeton, 14Princeton, 15Portsmouth, 16NYU, 17U. of Wyoming, 18U. of Utah, 19Yale Physics, 20IAP Paris, 21Portsmouth, 22IAP Paris, 23UCO/Lick UCSC, 24LBNL, 25Penn State Astronomy, 26U. of Utah, 27Princeton, 28Portsmouth, 29U. of Wisconsin, 30Yale Astronomy, 31NYU, 32U. of Pittsburgh

(abridged) We describe the automated spectral classification, redshift determination, and parameter measurement pipeline in use for the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) as of Data Release 9, encompassing 831,000 moderate-resolution optical spectra. We give a review of the algorithms employed, and describe the changes to the pipeline that have been implemented for BOSS relative to previous SDSS-I/II versions, including new sets of stellar, galaxy, and quasar redshift templates. For the color-selected CMASS sample of massive galaxies at redshift 0. Read More

2012Jul
Authors: Kyle S. Dawson, David J. Schlegel, Christopher P. Ahn, Scott F. Anderson, Éric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Robert H. Barkhouser, Julian E. Bautista, Alessandra Beifiori, Andreas A. Berlind, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Dmitry Bizyaev, Cullen H. Blake, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, Adam S. Bolton, Arnaud Borde, Jo Bovy, W. N. Brandt, Howard Brewington, Jon Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, N. G. Busca, William Carithers, Aurelio R. Carnero, Michael A. Carr, Yanmei Chen, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Frances Cope, Rupert A. C. Croft, Antonio J. Cuesta, Luiz N. da Costa, James R. A. Davenport, Timothée Delubac, Roland de Putter, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Daniel J. Eisenstein, S. Escoffier, Xiaohui Fan, N. Filiz Ak, Hayley Finley, Andreu Font-Ribera, R. Génova-Santos, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Daryl Haggard, Patrick B. Hall, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, Ben Harris, David W. Harris, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Diana Holder, Klaus Honscheid, Joe Huehnerhoff, Beatrice Jordan, Wendell P. Jordan, Guinevere Kauffmann, Eyal A. Kazin, David Kirkby, Mark A. Klaene, Jean-Paul Kneib, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Khee-Gan Lee, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Marcio A. G. Maia, Martin Makler, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Rachel Mandelbaum, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Patrick McDonald, Ian D. McGreer, Richard McMahon, Olga Mena, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Francesco Montesano, Demitri Muna, Adam D. Myers, Tracy Naugle, Robert C. Nichol, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Sebastián E. Nuza, Matthew D. Olmstead, Audrey Oravetz, Daniel J. Oravetz, Russell Owen, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, Will J. Percival, Ismael Pérez-Fournon, Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols, Patrick Petitjean, Robert Pfaffenberger, Janine Pforr, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Rafael Rebolo, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Graziano Rossi, J. A. Rubiño-Martin, Lado Samushia, Ariel G. Sánchez, Conor Sayres, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, C. G. Scóccola, Hee-Jong Seo, Alaina Shelden, Erin Sheldon, Yue Shen, Yiping Shu, Anže Slosar, Stephen A. Smee, Stephanie A. Snedden, Fritz Stauffer, Oliver Steele, Michael A. Strauss, Alina Streblyanska, Nao Suzuki, Molly E. C. Swanson, Tomer Tal, Masayuki Tanaka, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, M. Vargas Magana, Licia Verde, Matteo Viel, David A. Wake, Mike Watson, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Benjamin J. Weiner, Andrew A. West, Martin White, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Christophe Yeche, Idit Zehavi, Gong-Bo Zhao, Zheng Zheng

The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) is designed to measure the scale of baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) in the clustering of matter over a larger volume than the combined efforts of all previous spectroscopic surveys of large scale structure. BOSS uses 1.5 million luminous galaxies as faint as i=19. Read More

2012Jul
Authors: SDSS-III Collaboration, :, Christopher P. Ahn, Rachael Alexandroff, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, Timothy Anderton, Brett H. Andrews, Éric Aubourg Stephen Bailey, Rory Barnes, Julian Bautista, Timothy C. Beers, Alessandra Beifiori, Andreas A. Berlind, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Dmitry Bizyaev, Cullen H. Blake, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Arnaud Borde, Jo Bovy, W. N. Brandt, J. Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, N. G. Busca, William Carithers, Aurelio R. Carnero, Michael A. Carr, Dana I. Casetti-Dinescu, Yanmei Chen, Cristina Chiappini, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Justin R. Crepp, Stefano Cristiani, Rupert A. C. Croft, Antonio J. Cuesta, Luiz N. da Costa, James R. A. Davenport, Kyle S. Dawson, Roland de Putter, Nathan De Lee, Timothée Delubac, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Daniel J. Eisenstein, S. Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Bruno Femení a Castellá, Emma Fernández Alvar, Leticia D. Ferreira, N. Filiz Ak, Hayley Finley, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Peter M. Frinchaboy, D. A. García-Hernández, A. E. García Pérez, Jian Ge, R. Génova-Santos, Bruce A. Gillespie, Léo Girardi, Jonay I. González Hernández, Eva K. Grebel, James E. Gunn, Daryl Haggard, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, David W. Harris, Suzanne L. Hawley, Frederick R. Hearty, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, J. Huehnerhoff, Inese I. Ivans, Zeljko Ivezić, Heather R. Jacobson, Linhua Jiang, Jonas Johansson, Jennifer A. Johnson, Guinevere Kauffmann, David Kirkby, Jessica A. Kirkpatrick, Mark A. Klaene, Gillian R. Knapp, Jean-Paul Kneib, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Alexie Leauthaud, Khee-Gan Lee, Young Sun Lee, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Zhibo Ma, Nicholas MacDonald, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Steven R. Majewski, Martin Makler, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, A. Manchado, Rachel Mandelbaum, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Sarah L. Martell, Cameron K. McBride, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Brice Ménard, Sz. Meszaros, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Francesco Montesano, Heather L. Morrison, Demitri Muna, Jeffrey A. Munn, Hitoshi Murayama, Adam D. Myers, A. F. Neto, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Russell Owen, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Prachi Parihar, Isabelle Pâris, Petchara Pattarakijwanich, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Ismael Pérez-Fournon, Ignasi Pérez-Ráfols, Patrick Petitjean, Janine Pforr, Matthew M. Pieri, Marc H. Pinsonneault, G. F. Porto de Mello, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Rafael Rebolo, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, Annie C. Robin, Helio J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, J. A. Rubiño-Martin, Lado Samushia, J. Sanchez Almeida, Ariel G. Sánchez, Basílio Santiago, Conor Sayres, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Axel D. Schwope, C. G. Scóccola, Uros Seljak, Erin Sheldon, Yue Shen, Yiping Shu, Jennifer Simmerer, Audrey E. Simmons, Ramin A. Skibba, A. Slosar, Flavia Sobreira, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Keivan G. Stassun, Oliver Steele, Matthias Steinmetz, Michael A. Strauss, Molly E. C. Swanson, Tomer Tal, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Benjamin A. Thompson, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, M. Vargas Magaña, Licia Verde, Matteo Viel, Shailendra K. Vikas, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Benjamin J. Weiner, Andrew A. West, Martin White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Brian Yanny, Christophe Yèche, Donald G. York, O. Zamora, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Gong-Bo Zhao, Zheng Zheng, Guangtun Zhu, Joel C. Zinn

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) presents the first spectroscopic data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). This ninth data release (DR9) of the SDSS project includes 535,995 new galaxy spectra (median z=0.52), 102,100 new quasar spectra (median z=2. Read More

2012Mar

We present measurements of galaxy clustering from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III). These use the Data Release 9 (DR9) CMASS sample, which contains 264,283 massive galaxies covering 3275 square degrees with an effective redshift z=0.57 and redshift range 0. Read More

We present the ensemble properties of 31 comets (27 resolved and 4 unresolved) observed by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). This sample of comets represents about 1 comet per 10 million SDSS photometric objects. Five-band (u,g,r,i,z) photometry is used to determine the comets' colors, sizes, surface brightness profiles, and rates of dust production in terms of the Af{\rho} formalism. Read More

We present details of the construction and characterization of the coaddition of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Stripe 82 \ugriz\ imaging data. This survey consists of 275 deg$^2$ of repeated scanning by the SDSS camera of $2.5\arcdeg$ of $\delta$ over $-50\arcdeg \le \alpha \le 60\arcdeg$ centered on the Celestial Equator. Read More

We use SDSS photometry of 73 million stars to simultaneously obtain best-fit main-sequence stellar energy distribution (SED) and amount of dust extinction along the line of sight towards each star. Using a subsample of 23 million stars with 2MASS photometry, whose addition enables more robust results, we show that SDSS photometry alone is sufficient to break degeneracies between intrinsic stellar color and dust amount when the shape of extinction curve is fixed. When using both SDSS and 2MASS photometry, the ratio of the total to selective absorption, $R_V$, can be determined with an uncertainty of about 0. Read More

In this paper, we measure the optical-to-virial velocity ratios Vopt/V200c of disk galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) at a mean redshift of = 0.07 and with stellar masses 10^9 M_sun < M_* < 10^11 M_sun. Vopt/V200c, the ratio of the circular velocity measured at the virial radius of the dark matter halo (\sim150 kpc) to that at the optical radius of the disk (\sim10 kpc), is a powerful observational constraint on disk galaxy formation. Read More