Jakob Hansen

Jakob Hansen
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Jakob Hansen

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (11)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (3)
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)

Publications Authored By Jakob Hansen

The gravitational radiation capture between unequal mass black holes without spins has been investigated with numerical relativistic simulations, and the results are compared with the Post-Newtonian (PN) approximations. We adopt the parabolic approximation which assumes that the gravitational wave radiation from a weakly hyperbolic orbit is the same as that from the parabolic orbit having the same pericenter distance. Using the radiated energies from the parabolic orbit simulations, we have obtained the impact parameters ($b$) of the gravitational radiation captures for weakly hyperbolic orbits as a function of initial energy. Read More

We examine overlapping clustering schemes with functorial constraints, in the spirit of Carlsson--Memoli. This avoids issues arising from the chaining required by partition-based methods. Our principal result shows that any clustering functor is naturally constrained to refine single-linkage clusters and be refined by maximal-linkage clusters. Read More

We investigate the relation between the existence of mass inflation and model parameters of string-inspired gravity models. In order to cover various models, we investigate a Brans-Dicke theory that is coupled to a U(1) gauge field. By tuning a model parameter that decides the coupling between the Brans-Dicke field and the electromagnetic field, we can make both of models such that the Brans-Dicke field is biased toward strong or weak coupling directions after gravitational collapses. Read More

We investigate gravitational collapses of charged black holes in string-inspired gravity models, including dilaton gravity and braneworld model, as well as f(R) gravity and the ghost limit. If we turn on gauge coupling, the causal structures and the responses of the Brans-Dicke field depend on the coupling between the charged matter and the Brans-Dicke field. For Type IIA inspired models, a Cauchy horizon exists, while there is no Cauchy horizon for Type I or Heterotic inspired models. Read More

The solution, $x$, of the linear system of equations $A x\approx b$ arising from the discretization of an ill-posed integral equation with a square integrable kernel $H(s,t)$ is considered. The Tikhonov regularized solution $ x(\lambda)$ is found as the minimizer of $J( x)=\{ \|A x - b\|_2^2 + \lambda^2 \|L x\|_2^2\}$. $ x(\lambda)$ depends on regularization parameter $\lambda$ that trades off the data fidelity, and on the smoothing norm determined by $L$. Read More

The inverse problem associated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy requiring the solution of a Fredholm integral equation of the first kind is considered. If the underlying physical model is not clearly determined, the inverse problem needs to be solved using a regularized linear least squares problem that is obtained from the discretization of the integral equation. For this system, it is shown that the model error can be made negligible by a change of variables and by extending the effective range of quadrature. Read More

This document contains supplementary derivations and discussions not provided in the submitted paper arXiv:1309.4498 with the same title. Additional results for the NCP and L-Curve comparisons with higher noise levels are given. Read More

In this paper, we investigate the dynamics inside and outside of black-branes in anti de Sitter space by numerical simulations using double-null formalism. We prepare a charged planar matter shell which, due to a negative cosmological constant, collapses and dynamically forms a black-brane with an apparent horizon, a singularity and a Cauchy horizon. The gravitational collapse cannot form a naked overcharged black-brane and hence weak cosmic censorship is safe. Read More

In this paper we propose a new method for reconstructing the surface density of matter in flat disks of spiral galaxies. The surface density is expressed through observational rotation velocity curves of visible matter in the disks of spiral galaxies. The new method is not based on quadrature of special functions. Read More

We use a numerical code to consider the nonlinear processes arising when a Reissner-Nordstrom black hole is irradiated by an exotic scalar field (modelled as a free massless scalar field with an opposite sign for its energy-momentum tensor). These processes are quite different from the processes arising in the case of the same black hole being irradiated by a pulse of a normal scalar field. In our case, we did not observe the creation of a spacelike strong singularity in the T-region of the space-time. Read More

We numerically study the dynamics of false vacuum bubbles which are inside an almost flat background; we assumed spherical symmetry and the size of the bubble is smaller than the size of the background horizon. According to the thin shell approximation and the null energy condition, if the bubble is outside of a Schwarzschild black hole, unless we assume Farhi-Guth-Guven tunneling, expanding and inflating solutions are impossible. In this paper, we extend our method to beyond the thin shell approximation: we include the dynamics of fields and assume that the transition layer between a true vacuum and a false vacuum has non-zero thickness. Read More

We investigate numerically the process of the passage of a radiation pulse through a wormhole and the subsequent evolution of the wormhole that is caused by the gravitational action of this pulse. The initial static wormhole is modeled by the spherically symmetrical Armendariz-Picon solution with zero mass. The radiation pulses are modeled by spherically symmetrical shells of self-gravitating massless scalar fields. Read More

In a recent paper the first coauthor presented a new parabolic extension (PADM) of the standard 3+1 Arnowitt, Deser, Misner formulation of the equations of general relativity. By parabolizing first-order ADM in a certain way, the PADM formulation turns it into a mixed hyperbolic - second-order parabolic, well-posed system. The surface of constraints of PADM becomes a local attractor for all solutions and all possible well-posed gauge conditions. Read More

We analyse the physics of nonlinear gravitational processes inside a spherical charged black hole perturbed by a self-gravitating massless scalar field. For this purpose we created an appropriate numerical code. Throughout the paper, in addition to investigation of the properties of the mathematical singularities where some curvature scalars are equal to infinity, we analyse the properties of the physical singularities where the Kretschmann curvature scalar is equal to the planckian value. Read More

We study stability, dispersion and dissipation properties of four numerical schemes (Iterative Crank-Nicolson, 3'rd and 4'th order Runge-Kutta and Courant-Fredrichs-Levy Non-linear). By use of a Von Neumann analysis we study the schemes applied to a scalar linear wave equation as well as a scalar non-linear wave equation with a type of non-linearity present in GR-equations. Numerical testing is done to verify analytic results. Read More