Jajati K. Nayak

Jajati K. Nayak
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Jajati K. Nayak

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Nuclear Theory (13)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7)
Nuclear Experiment (3)

Publications Authored By Jajati K. Nayak

We analyze the measured spectra of $\pi^\pm$, $K^\pm$, $p$($\bar p$) in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV, in the light of blast-wave model to extract the transverse radial flow velocity and kinetic temperature at freeze-out for the system formed in $pp$ collisions. Read More

We analyse the recently available experimental data on direct photon productions from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV RHIC and from Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=2.76 TeV LHC energies. The transverse momentum ($p_T$) distributions have been evaluated with the assumption of an initial quark gluon plasma phase at temperatures $T_i$=404 and 546 MeV with initial thermalisation times $\tau_i$=0. Read More

A microscopic approach has been employed to study the kaon and $\Lambda$ productions in heavy ion collisions. The productions of $K^+$ and $\Lambda$ have been studied within the framework of Boltzmann transport equation for various beam energies. We find a non-monotonic horn like structure for $K^+/\pi^+$ and $\Lambda/\pi$ when plotted against centre of mass energies ($\sqrt s_{\mathrm NN}$) with the assumption of initial partonic phase for $\sqrt s_{\mathrm NN}$ beyond a certain threshold. Read More

A microscopic approach has been employed to study the kaon productions in heavy ion collisions. The momentum integrated Boltzmann equation has been used to study the evolution of strangeness in the system formed in heavy ion collision at relativistic energies. The kaon productions have been calculated for different centre of mass energies ($\sqrt{s_{\mathrm {NN}}}$) ranging from AGS to RHIC. Read More

A first attempt has been made to extract the evolution of radial flow from the analysis of the experimental data on electromagnetic probes experimentally measured at SPS and RHIC energies. The $p_T$ spectra of photons and dileptons measured by WA98 and NA60 collaborations respectively at CERN-SPS and the photon spectra obtained by PHENIX collaboration at BNL-RHIC have been used to constrain the theoretical models, rendering the outcome of the analysis largely model independent. We argue that the variation of the radial velocity with invariant mass is indicative of a phase transition from initially produced partons to hadrons at SPS and RHIC energies. Read More

It has been shown that the thermal photon and the lepton pair spectra can be used to estimate the radial velocity of different phases of the matter formed in nuclear collisions at ultra-relativistic energies. We observe a non-monotonic variation of the flow velocity with invariant mass of the lepton pair which is indicative of two different sources of thermal dilepton sources at early and late stage of the dynamically evolving system. We also show that the study of radial velocity through electromagnetic probes may shed light on the nature of the phase transition from hadrons to QGP. Read More

NA60 collaboration has extracted the inverse slope parameters, T_{eff} of the dimuon spectra originating from the In+In collisions at root(s_NN)=17.3 GeV for various invariant mass region. They have observed that the inverse slope parameter as a function of invariant mass of the lepton pair drops beyond the rho-peak. Read More

These introductory lectures present a broad overview of the physics of high parton densities in QCD and its application to our understanding of the early time dynamics in heavy ion collisions. Read More

Theoretical calculation of transverse momentum($p_T$) distribution of thermal photons and dileptons originating from ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions suffer from several uncertainties since the evaluation of these spectra needs various inputs which are not yet known unambiguously. In the present work the ratio of the $p_T$ spectra of thermal photons to lepton pairs has been evaluated and it is shown that the ratio is insensitive to some of these parameters. Read More

It is shown that the ratio of transverse momentum (p_T) distribution of thermal photons to dileptons produced in heavy ion collisions reaches a plateau above p_T=1 GeV. We argue that the value of the ratio in the plateau region can be used to estimate the initial temperature. Read More

The ratio of transverse momentum distribution of thermal photons to dilepton has been evaluated. It is observed that this ratio reaches a plateau beyond a certain value of transverse momentum. We argue that this ratio can be used to estimate the initial temperature of the system by selecting the transverse momentum and invariance mass windows judiciously. Read More

The momentum integrated Boltzmann equation has been used to study the evolution of strangeness of the strongly interacting system formed after the heavy ion collisions at relativistic energies.We argue that the experimentally observed non-monotonic, horn-like structure in the variation of the $K^+/\pi^+$ with colliding energy appears due to the release of large number of colour degrees of freedom. Read More

We extract the effective degrees of freedom that characterize the co-existing phase of quark gluon plasma and hadrons. Experimental data on phi at mid-rapidity is used to set a lower bound to the critical temperature of quark hadron phase transition. The production and evolution of strangeness have been studied by using Boltzmann equation. Read More

The transverse momentum distribution of the direct photons measured by the PHENIX collaboration in $Au + Au$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV/A has been analyzed. It has been shown that the data can be reproduced reasonably well assuming a deconfined state of thermalized quarks and gluons with initial temperature more than the transition temperature for deconfinement inferred from lattice QCD. The value of the initial temperature depends on the equation of state of the evolving matter. Read More