J. Tian

J. Tian
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J. Tian

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High Energy Physics - Experiment (10)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7)
Physics - Chemical Physics (7)
Physics - Physics and Society (6)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (6)
Nonlinear Sciences - Cellular Automata and Lattice Gases (4)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
Nuclear Theory (3)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
Mathematical Physics (2)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Statistics - Applications (2)
Physics - Optics (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By J. Tian

Traffic breakdown, as one of the most puzzling traffic flow phenomena, is characterized by sharply decreasing speed, abruptly increasing density and in particular suddenly plummeting capacity. In order to clarify its root mechanisms and model its observed properties, this paper proposes a car-following model based on the following assumptions: (i) There exists a preferred time-varied and speed-dependent space gap that cars hope to maintain; (ii) there exists a region R restricted by two critical space gaps and two critical speeds in the car following region on the speed-space gap diagram, in which cars' movements are determined by the weighted mean of the space- gap-determined acceleration and the speed-difference-determined acceleration; and (iii) out of region R, cars either accelerate to the free flow speed or decelerate to keep safety. Simulation results show that this model is able to simultaneously reproduce traffic breakdown and the transition from the synchronized traffic flow to wide moving jams. Read More

Intensive researches of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials reveal that valleys, as energy extrema in momentum space, could offer a new degree of freedom for carrying information. Taking advantage of the concept, researchers have predicted the existence of valley-Hall topological insulators which could exhibit quantum valley-Hall effect and support valley-polarized edge states on certain edges and domain walls. Since then, several kinds of photonic or sonic crystals have been proposed as the classical counterparts of valley-Hall topological insulators. Read More

We examine the flavor evolution of neutrinos emitted from the disk-like remnant (hereafter called \lq\lq neutrino disk\rq\rq) of a binary neutron star (BNS) merger. We specifically look at the neutrinos emitted from the center of the disk, along the polar axis perpendicular to the equatorial plane. In order to better understand the underlying physics and the nature of the ensuing flavor evolution, we carried out two-flavor simulations using a variety of different possible initial neutrino luminosities and energy spectra, and for comparison, also a three-flavor simulation for one of the cases (the bipolar spectral swap). Read More

This paper addresses the question of whether the International Linear Collider has the capability of discovering new particles that have not already been discovered at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We summarize the various paths to discovery offered by the ILC, and discuss them in the context of three different scenarios: 1. LHC does not discover any new particles, 2. Read More

Topological insulators (TI) have attracted extensive research effort due to their insulating bulk states but conducting surface states. However, investigation and understanding of thermal transport in topological insulators, particularly the effect of surface states are lacking. In this work, we studied thickness-dependent in-plane thermal conductivity of Bi2Te2Se TI thin films. Read More

A probabilistic query may not be estimable from observed data corrupted by missing values if the data are not missing at random (MAR). It is therefore of theoretical interest and practical importance to determine in principle whether a probabilistic query is estimable from missing data or not when the data are not MAR. We present an algorithm that systematically determines whether the joint probability is estimable from observed data with missing values, assuming that the data-generation model is represented as a Bayesian network containing unobserved latent variables that not only encodes the dependencies among the variables but also explicitly portrays the mechanisms responsible for the missingness process. Read More

Noise is able to induce diverse patterns in physical and interdisciplinary extended systems. This Letter investigates the role of noise in pattern formation of traffic flow, which is a typical self-driven system far from equilibrium. We demonstrate that noise is necessary to correctly describe the observed spatiotemporal dynamics of growing traffic oscillation in the car following process. Read More

We study seven-branes in $O(10^{15})$ four-dimensional F-theory compactifications where seven-brane moduli must be tuned in order to achieve non-abelian gauge symmetry. The associated compact spaces $B$ are the set of all smooth weak Fano toric threefolds. By a study of fine star regular triangulations of three dimensional reflexive polytopes, the number of such spaces is estimated to be $5. Read More

We present neutrino bulb model simulations of Majorana neutrino coherent spin transformation (i.e., neutrino-antineutrino transformation), coupled to neutrino flavor evolution, for conditions corresponding to the neutronization burst epoch of an Oxygen-Neon-Magnesium (O-Ne-Mg) core collapse supernova. Read More

We used the newly commissioned 50 cm Binocular Network (50BiN) telescope at Qinghai Station of Purple Mountain Observatory (Chinese Academy of Sciences) to observe the old open cluster NGC 188 in V and R as part of a search for variable objects. Our time-series data span a total of 36 days. Radial velocity and proper-motion selection resulted in a sample of 532 genuine cluster members. Read More

In this paper we study the direct production of the diphoton resonance $X$ which has been suggested by 2015 data at the LHC, in $e^+e^-\to X\gamma/XZ$ processes at the ILC. We derive an analytic expression for the scattering amplitudes of these processes, and present a comprehensive analysis for determining the properties of $X$ at the ILC. A realistic simulation study for $e^+e^-\to X\gamma$ is performed based on the full detector simulation to demonstrate the capabilities of the ILC experiment. Read More

Affiliations: 1LCC Physics Working Group, 2LCC Physics Working Group, 3LCC Physics Working Group, 4LCC Physics Working Group, 5LCC Physics Working Group, 6LCC Physics Working Group, 7LCC Physics Working Group, 8LCC Physics Working Group, 9LCC Physics Working Group, 10LCC Physics Working Group, 11LCC Physics Working Group, 12LCC Physics Working Group, 13LCC Physics Working Group, 14LCC Physics Working Group, 15LCC Physics Working Group, 16LCC Physics Working Group, 17LCC Physics Working Group, 18LCC Physics Working Group, 19LCC Physics Working Group, 20LCC Physics Working Group, 21LCC Physics Working Group, 22LCC Physics Working Group, 23LCC Physics Working Group, 24LCC Physics Working Group, 25LCC Physics Working Group

If the gamma-gamma resonance at 750 GeV suggested by 2015 LHC data turns out to be a real effect, what are the implications for the physics case and upgrade path of the International Linear Collider? Whether or not the resonance is confirmed, this question provides an interesting case study testing the robustness of the ILC physics case. In this note, we address this question with two points: (1) Almost all models proposed for the new 750 GeV particle require additional new particles with electroweak couplings. The key elements of the 500 GeV ILC physics program---precision measurements of the Higgs boson, the top quark, and 4-fermion interactions---will powerfully discriminate among these models. Read More

Numerous efforts have been made to design different low level saliency cues for the RGBD saliency detection, such as color or depth contrast features, background and color compactness priors. However, how these saliency cues interact with each other and how to incorporate these low level saliency cues effectively to generate a master saliency map remain a challenging problem. In this paper, we design a new convolutional neural network (CNN) to fuse different low level saliency cues into hierarchical features for automatically detecting salient objects in RGBD images. Read More

All-electrical (magnetic-material-free) spin injection is one of the outstanding goals in spintronics. Topological insulators (TIs) have been recognized as a promising electrically controlled spin source thanks to the strong spin-orbit coupling and in particular, the spin-momentum locked topological surface states (TSS) supporting helically spin polarized currents. Many TI materials such as Bi-based chalcogenides are also layered 2D materials and can be incorporated into van der Waals (vdW) coupled heterostructures, opening the possibility of the utilization of TIs for electrical spin injection into other 2D materials. Read More

This paper has incorporated the stochasticity into the Newell car following model. Three stochastic driving factors have been considered: (i) Driver's acceleration is stochastic and bounded. (ii) Driver's deceleration includes stochastic component, which is depicted by a deceleration with the randomization probability that is assumed to increase with the speed. Read More

We have developed a novel technique for the measurement of the avalanche fluctuation of gaseous detectors using a UV laser. The technique is simple and requires a short data-taking time of about ten minutes. Furthermore, it is applicable for relatively low gas gains. Read More

In 1966 Pelofsky proposed an empirical linear correlation between the natural logarithm of the surface tension and the reciprocal viscosity, which seems to work adequately for a wide range of fluids. In particular, it has been shown that it is useful in the case of n-alkanes and their binary and ternary mixtures. More recently however, it has been found not to work for several ionic liquids unless the reciprocal viscosity is raised to a power. Read More

New correlations between viscosity and surface tension are proposed and checked for saturated normal fluids. The proposed correlations contain three or four adjustable coefficients for every fluid. They were obtained by fitting 200 data points, ranging from the triple point to a point very near to the critical one. Read More

Several correlations between viscosity and surface tension for saturated normal fluids have been proposed in the literature. Usually, they include three or four adjustable coefficients for every fluid and give generally good results. In this paper we propose a new and improved four-coefficient correlation which was obtained by fitting data ranging from the triple point to a point very near to the critical one. Read More

Despite the fact that more that more than 30 analytical expressions for the equation of state of hard-disk fluids have been proposed in the literature, none of them is capable of reproducing the currently accepted numeric or estimated values for the first eighteen virial coefficients. Using the asymptotic expansion method, extended to the first ten virial coefficients for hard-disk fluids, fifty-seven new expressions for the equation of state have been studied. Of these, a new equation of state is selected which reproduces accurately all the first eighteen virial coefficients. Read More

Although many equations of state of hard-disk fluids have been proposed, none is capable of reproducing the currently calculated or estimated values of the first eighteen virial coefficients at the same time as giving very good accuracy when compared with computer simulation values for the compressibility factor over the whole fluid range. A new virial-based expression is here proposed which achieves these aims. For that, we use the fact that the currently accepted estimated values for the highest virial coefficients behave linearly with their order, and also that virial coefficients must have a limiting behaviour that permits the closest packing limit in the compressibility factor to be also adequately reproduced. Read More

A new closed virial equation of state of hard-sphere fluids is proposed which reproduces the calculated or estimated values of the first sixteen virial coefficients at the same time as giving very good accuracy when compared with computer simulation data for the compressibility factor over the entire fluid range, and having a pole at the correct closest packing density. Read More

The asymptotic expansion method is extended by using currently available accurate values for the first ten virial coefficients for hard sphere fluids. It is then used to yield an equation of state for hard sphere fluids, which accurately represents the currently accepted values for the first sixteen virial coefficients and compressibility factor data in both the stable and the metastable regions of the phase diagram. Read More

We report critical current density ($J_c$) in tetragonal FeS single crystals, similar to iron based superconductors with much higher superconducting critical temperatures ($T_{c}$'s). The $J_c$ is enhanced 3 times by 6\% Se doping. We observe scaling of the normalized vortex pinning force as a function of reduced field at all temperatures. Read More

Maximally random jammed (MRJ) particle packings can be viewed as prototypical glasses in that they are maximally disordered while simultaneously being mechanically rigid. The prediction of the MRJ packing density phi, among other packing properties of frictionless particles, still poses many theoretical challenges, even for congruent spheres or disks. Using the geometric-structure approach, we derive for the first time a highly accurate formula for MRJ densities for a very wide class of twodimensional frictionless packings, namely, binary convex superdisks, with shapes that continuously interpolate between circles and squares. Read More

A summary is presented of the workshop "top physics at linear colliders" that was held at IFIC Valencia from the 30th of June to the 3rd July 2015. We present an up-to-date status report of studies into the potential for top quark physics of lepton colliders with an energy reach that exceeds the top quark pair production threshold, with a focus on the linear collider projects ILC and CLIC. This summary shows that such projects can offer very competitive determinations of top quark properties (mass, width) and its interactions with other Standard Model particles, in particular electroweak gauge bosons and the Higgs boson. Read More

This paper presents a full simulation study of the measurement of the production cross section ($\sigma_{\mathrm{ZH}}$) of the Higgsstrahlung process $\mathrm{e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow ZH}$ and the Higgs boson mass ($M_{\mathrm{H}}$) at the International Linear Collider (ILC), using events in which a Higgs boson recoils against a Z boson decaying into a pair of muons or electrons. The analysis is carried out for three center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s}$ = 250, 350, and 500 GeV, and two beam polarizations $\mathrm{e_{L}^{-}e_{R}^{+}}$ and $\mathrm{e_{R}^{-}e_{L}^{+}}$, for which the polarizations of $\mathrm{e^{-}}$ and $\mathrm{e^{+}}$ are $\left(P\mathrm{e^{-}},P\mathrm{e^{+}}\right)$ =($-$80\%, +30\%) and (+80\%, $-$30\%), respectively. Assuming an integrated luminosity of 250 $\mathrm{fb^{-1}}$ for each beam polarization at $\sqrt{s}$ = 250 GeV, where the best lepton momentum resolution is obtainable, $\sigma_{\mathrm{ZH}}$ and $M_{\mathrm{H}}$ can be determined with a precision of 2. Read More

For the International Large Detector concept at the planned International Linear Collider, the use of time projection chambers (TPC) with micro-pattern gas detector readout as the main tracking detector is investigated. In this paper, results from a prototype TPC, placed in a 1 T solenoidal field and read out with three independent GEM-based readout modules, are reported. The TPC was exposed to a 6 GeV electron beam at the DESY II synchrotron. Read More

Transport simulations are very valuable for extracting physics information from heavy-ion collision experiments. With the emergence of many different transport codes in recent years, it becomes important to estimate their robustness in extracting physics information from experiments. We report on the results of a transport code comparison project. Read More

This paper firstly show that 2 Dimensional Intelligent Driver Model (Jiang et al., PloS one, 9(4), e94351, 2014) is not able to replicate the synchronized traffic flow. Then we propose an improved model by considering the difference between the driving behaviors at high speeds and that at low speeds. Read More

This paper has investigated the growth pattern of traffic oscillations by using vehicle trajectory data in a car following experiment. We measured the standard deviation of acceleration, emission and fuel consumption of each vehicle in the car-following platoon. We found that: (1) Similar to the standard deviation of speed, these indices exhibit a common feature of concave growth pattern along vehicles in the platoon; (2) The emission and fuel consumption of each vehicle decrease remarkably when the average speed of the platoon increases from low value; However, when reaches 30km/h, the change of emission and fuel consumption with is not so significant; (3), the correlations of emission and fuel consumption with both the standard deviation of acceleration and the speed oscillation are strong. Read More

Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) are generally considered to originate from the massive collapsars. It is believed that the central engine of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is a neutrino-dominated accretion flow (NDAF) around a rotating stellar-mass black hole (BH). The neutrino annihilation above the NDAF is a feasible mechanism to power GRB. Read More

SONG is a global ground based network of 1 meter telescopes for stellar time-domain science, an international collaboration involving many countries across the world. In order to enable a favourable duty cycle, the SONG network plans to create a homogeneous distribution of 4 nodes in each of the northern and southern hemispheres. A natural possibility was building one of the northern nodes in East Asia, preferably on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Read More

A scalable readout system (SRS) is designed to provide a general solution for different micro-pattern gas detectors. The system mainly consists of three kinds of modules: the ASIC card, the Adapter card and the Front-End Card (FEC). The ASIC cards, mounted with particular ASIC chips, are designed for receiving detector signals. Read More

The model independent measurement of the absolute ZH cross section of the Higgsstrahlung process e+e- -> ZH is an unique measurement at the ILC indispensable for measuring the Higgs couplings and their deviations from the Standard Model in order to identify new physics models. The performance in measuring the ZH cross section using events in which the Higgs boson recoils against a Z boson which decays into a pair of muons or electrons has been demonstrated based on full simulation of the ILD detector for three center of mass energies 250, 350, and 500 GeV, and two beam polarizations (Pe-,Pe+) =(-80%, +30%) and (+80%, -30%). This paper demonstrates in detail that the analysis which achieved these results are model independent to the sub-percent level. Read More

A neutrino-dominated accretion disk around a stellar-mass black hole (BH) can power a gamma-ray burst (GRB) via annihilation of neutrinos launched from the disk. For the BH hyperaccretion system, high accretion rate should trigger the violent evolution of the BH's characteristics, which further leads to the evolution of the neutrino annihilation luminosity. In this paper, we consider the evolution of the accretion system to analyze the mean time-dependent neutrino annihilation luminosity with the different mean accretion rates and initial BH parameters. Read More

In the artificial intelligence area, one of the ultimate goals is to make computers understand human language and offer assistance. In order to achieve this ideal, researchers of computer science have put forward a lot of models and algorithms attempting at enabling the machine to analyze and process human natural language on different levels of semantics. Although recent progress in this field offers much hope, we still have to ask whether current research can provide assistance that people really desire in reading and comprehension. Read More

To solve the range cell migration (RCM) and spectrum spread during the integration time induced by the motion of a target, this paper proposes a new coherent integration method based on Radon non-uniform FRFT (NUFRFT) for random pulse repetition interval (RPRI) radar. In this method, RCM is eliminated via searching in the motion parameters space and the spectrum spread is resolved by using NUFRFT. Comparisons with other popular methods, moving target detection (MTD), Radon-Fourier transform (RFT), and Radon-Fractional Fourier Transform (RFRFT) are performed. Read More

In a series of papers (see \cite{CDT02} and the pertinent references therein) the 3D Navier-Stokes-$\alpha$ model were shown to be a useful complement to the 3D Navier-Stokes equations; and in particular, to be a good Reynolds version of the latter equations. In this work, we introduce a simple Reynolds averaging which, due to the wall roughness, transforms the Navier-Stokes equations into the Navier-Stokes-$\alpha$ model. Read More

Studies of the genetic loci that contribute to variation in gene expression frequently identify loci with broad effect on gene expression: expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) hotspots. We describe a set of exploratory graphical methods as well as a formal likelihood-based test for assessing whether a given hotspot is due to one or multiple polymorphisms. We first look at the pattern of effects of the locus on the expression traits that map to the locus: the direction of the effects, as well as the degree of dominance. Read More

The nuclear symmetry energy coefficient (including the coefficient $a_{\rm sym}^{(4)}$ of $I^{4}$ term) of finite nuclei is extracted by using the differences of available experimental binding energies of isobaric nuclei. It is found that the extracted symmetry energy coefficient $a^{*}_{\rm sym}(A,I)$ decreases with increasing of isospin asymmetry $I$, which is mainly caused by Wigner correction, since $e^{*}_{\rm sym}$ is the summation of the traditional symmetry energy $e_{\rm sym}$ and the Wigner energy $e_{\rm W}$. We obtain the optimal values $J=30. Read More

It is not yet known if the global attractor of the space periodic 2D Navier-Stokes equations contains nonstationary solutions $u(x,t)$ such that their energy and enstrophy per unit mass are constant for every $t \in (-\infty, \infty)$. The study of the properties of such solutions was initiated in \cite{CMM13}, where, due to the hypothetical existence of such solutions, they were called "ghost solutions". In this work, we introduce and study geometric structures shared by all ghost solutions. Read More

This paper has investigated the growth pattern of traffic oscillations in the NGSIM vehicle trajectories data, via measuring the standard deviation of vehicle velocity involved in oscillations. We found that the standard deviation of the velocity increases in a concave way along vehicles in the oscillations. Moreover, all datasets collapse into a single concave curve, which indicates a universal evolution law of oscillations. Read More

A beam line is built after the IHEP RFQ for halo study. To determine transverse emittance and ellipse parameters of the RFQ output beam, beam size data obtained from the first two of 14 wire scanners are employed. By using the transfer matrix method and the least square method, a set of linear equations were set up and solved. Read More

It has been a great challenge to achieve the direct light manipulation of matter on a bulk scale. In this work, the direct light propulsion of matter was observed on a macroscopic scale for the first time using a bulk graphene based material. The unique structure and properties of graphene and the morphology of the bulk graphene material make it capable of not only absorbing light at various wavelengths but also emitting energetic electrons efficiently enough to drive the bulk material following Newtonian mechanics. Read More

Based on the semi-classical extended Thomas-Fermi approach, we study the mass dependence of the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei for 36 different Skyrme forces. The reference densities of both light and heavy nuclei are obtained. Eight models based on nuclear liquid drop concept and the Skyrme force SkM* suggest the symmetry energy coefficient $a_{\rm sym}=22. Read More

This paper proposes an improved cellular automaton traffic flow model based on the brake light model, which takes into account that the desired time gap of vehicles is remarkably larger than one second. Although the hypothetical steady state of vehicles in the deterministic limit corresponds to a unique relationship between speeds and gaps in the proposed model, the traffic states of vehicles dynamically span a two-dimensional region in the plane of speed versus gap, due to the various randomizations. It is shown that the model is able to well reproduce (i) the free flow, synchronized flow, jam as well as the transitions among the three phases; (ii) the evolution features of disturbances and the spatiotemporal patterns in a car-following platoon; (iii) the empirical time series of traffic speed obtained from NGSIM data. Read More

Aging experiments of a novel type of large area MCP-PMT made by JUNO collaboration were conducted.In these aging experiments, the multi-photoelectron spectrum and single photoelectron spectrum were measured daily,as well as the MCP resistance of the second PMT before and after the experiment. Two PMTs were aged successivelyfor cross check. Read More

It is well known that the motion of a ground moving target may induce the range cell migration, spectrum spread and velocity ambiguity during the imaging time, which makes the image smeared. To eliminate the influence of these factors on image focusing, a novel method for parameter estimation of ground moving targets, known as SKT-DLVT, is proposed in this paper. In this method, the segmental keystone transform (SKT) is used to correct the range walk of targets simultaneously, and a new transform, namely, Doppler Lv's transform (LVT) is applied on the azimuth signal to estimate the parameters. Read More