J. Smillie - Durham University, IPPP

J. Smillie
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J. Smillie
Durham University, IPPP
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (28)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (20)
Mathematics - Complex Variables (5)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Mathematics - General Topology (1)

Publications Authored By J. Smillie

We present a description of the production of a di-lepton pair (through Z boson and virtual photon) in association with at least two jets. This calculation adds to the fixed-order accuracy the dominant logarithms in the limit of large partonic centre-of-mass energy to all orders in the strong coupling. This is achieved within the framework of High Energy Jets. Read More

We study dynamics of the horocycle flow on strata of translation surfaces, introduce new invariants for ergodic measures, and analyze the interaction of the horocycle flow and real Rel surgeries. We use this analysis to complete and extend results of Calta and Wortman classifying horocycle-invariant measures in the eigenform loci. We classify the orbit-closures and prove that every orbit is equidistributed in its orbit-closure. Read More

We consider complex Henon maps which are quasi-hyperbolic. We show that a quasi-hyperbolic map is uniformly hyperbolic if and only if there are no tangencies between stable and unstable manifolds. Read More

We consider the family of quadratic H\'enon diffeomorphisms of the plane ${\bf R}^2$. A map will be said to be a "horseshoe" if its restriction to the nonwandering set is hyperbolic and conjugate to the full 2-shift. We give a criterion for being a horseshoe based on an auxiliary coding which describes positions of points relative to the stable manifold of one of the fixed points. Read More

Affiliations: 1conveners, 2conveners, 3conveners, 4conveners, 5conveners, 6conveners, 7conveners, 8conveners, 9conveners, 10conveners, 11conveners, 12conveners, 13conveners, 14conveners, 15conveners, 16conveners, 17conveners, 18conveners, 19conveners, 20conveners, 21conveners, 22conveners, 23conveners, 24conveners, 25conveners, 26conveners, 27conveners, 28conveners, 29conveners, 30conveners, 31conveners, 32conveners, 33conveners, 34conveners, 35conveners, 36conveners, 37conveners, 38conveners, 39conveners, 40conveners, 41conveners, 42conveners, 43conveners, 44conveners, 45conveners, 46conveners, 47conveners, 48conveners, 49conveners, 50conveners, 51conveners, 52conveners, 53conveners, 54conveners, 55conveners, 56conveners, 57conveners, 58conveners, 59conveners, 60conveners, 61conveners, 62conveners, 63conveners, 64conveners, 65conveners, 66conveners, 67conveners, 68conveners, 69conveners, 70conveners, 71conveners, 72conveners, 73conveners, 74conveners, 75conveners, 76conveners, 77conveners, 78conveners, 79conveners, 80conveners

This Report summarizes the proceedings of the 2013 Les Houches workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders. Session 1 dealt primarily with (1) the techniques for calculating standard model multi-leg NLO and NNLO QCD and NLO EW cross sections and (2) the comparison of those cross sections with LHC data from Run 1, and projections for future measurements in Run 2. Read More

We compute the resummed hadronic transverse-energy ($E_T$) distribution due to initial-state QCD radiation in the production of a Standard Model Higgs boson of mass 126 GeV by gluon fusion at the Large Hadron Collider, with matching to next-to-leading order calculations at large $E_T$. Effects of hadronization, underlying event and limited detector acceptance are estimated using aMC@NLO with the Herwig++ and Pythia 8 event generators. Read More

Authors: The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, S. Heinemeyer1, C. Mariotti2, G. Passarino3, R. Tanaka4, J. R. Andersen, P. Artoisenet, E. A. Bagnaschi, A. Banfi, T. Becher, F. U. Bernlochner, S. Bolognesi, P. Bolzoni, R. Boughezal, D. Buarque, J. Campbell, F. Caola, M. Carena, F. Cascioli, N. Chanon, T. Cheng, S. Y. Choi, A. David, P. de Aquino, G. Degrassi, D. Del Re, A. Denner, H. van Deurzen, S. Diglio, B. Di Micco, R. Di Nardo, S. Dittmaier, M. Duhrssen, R. K. Ellis, G. Ferrera, N. Fidanza, M. Flechl, D. de Florian, S. Forte, R. Frederix, S. Frixione, S. Gangal, Y. Gao, M. V. Garzelli, D. Gillberg, P. Govoni, M. Grazzini, N. Greiner, J. Griffiths, A . V. Gritsan, C. Grojean, D. C. Hall, C. Hays, R. Harlander, R. Hernandez-Pinto, S. Hoche, J. Huston, T. Jubb, M. Kadastik, S. Kallweit, A. Kardos, L. Kashif, N. Kauer, H. Kim, R. Klees, M. Kramer, F. Krauss, A. Laureys, S. Laurila, S. Lehti, Q. Li, S. Liebler, X. Liu, H. E. Logan, G. Luisoni, M. Malberti, F. Maltoni, K. Mawatari, F. Maierhofer, H. Mantler, S. Martin, P. Mastrolia, O. Mattelaer, J. Mazzitelli, B. Mellado, K. Melnikov, P. Meridiani, D. J. Miller, E. Mirabella, S. O. Moch, P. Monni, N. Moretti, A. Muck, M. Muhlleitner, P. Musella, P. Nason, C. Neu, M. Neubert, C. Oleari, J. Olsen, G. Ossola, T. Peraro, K. Peters, F. Petriello, G. Piacquadio, C. T. Potter, S. Pozzorini, K. Prokofiev, I. Puljak, M. Rauch, D. Rebuzzi, L. Reina, R. Rietkerk, A. Rizzi, Y. Rotstein-Habarnau, G. P. Salam, G. Sborlini, F. Schissler, M. Schonherr, M. Schulze, M. Schumacher, F. Siegert, P. Slavich, J. M. Smillie, O. Stal, J. F. von Soden-Fraunhofen, M. Spira, I. W. Stewart, F. J. Tackmann, P. T. E. Taylor, D. Tommasini, J. Thompson, R. S. Thorne, P. Torrielli, F. Tramontano, N. V. Tran, Z. Trocsanyi, M. Ubiali, P. Vanlaer, M. Vazquez Acosta, T. Vickey, A. Vicini, W. J. Waalewijn, D. Wackeroth, C. Wagner, J. R. Walsh, J. Wang, G. Weiglein, A. Whitbeck, C. Williams, J. Yu, G. Zanderighi, M. Zanetti, M. Zaro, P. M. Zerwas, C. Zhang, T. J . E. Zirke, S. Zuberi
Affiliations: 1eds., 2eds., 3eds., 4eds.

This Report summarizes the results of the activities in 2012 and the first half of 2013 of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. This report follows the first working group report Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 1. Read More

We study the structure of soft gluon corrections to multi-leg scattering amplitudes in a non-Abelian gauge theory by analysing the corresponding product of semi-infinite Wilson lines. We prove that diagrams exponentiate such that the colour factors in the exponent are fully connected. This completes the generalisation of the non-Abelian exponentiation theorem, previously proven in the case of a Wilson loop, to the case of multiple Wilson lines in arbitrary representations of the colour group. Read More

High Energy Jets provides an all-order description of wide-angle QCD emissions, resumming the leading-logarithmic contributions in the high-energy limit. In this contribution, we briefly summarise the approach and its implementation in a flexible Monte Carlo event generator. We discuss comparisons between HEJ and recent LHC data and then go on to probe the similarities and differences in the results obtained from High Energy Jets and other theoretical frameworks in inclusive dijet and W+dijet production. Read More

Parabolic bifurcations in one complex dimension demonstrate a wide variety of interesting dynamical phenomena. In this paper we consider parabolic bifurcations of families of diffeomorphisms in two complex dimensions. Specifically we consider a two variable family of diffeomorphisms $F_\epsilon: M\to M$ given locally by $$F_\epsilon(x,y) = (x + x^2 + \epsilon^2+ . Read More

We study the production of a W boson in association with n hard QCD jets (for n>=2), with a particular emphasis on results relevant for the Large Hadron Collider (7 TeV and 8 TeV). We present predictions for this process from High Energy Jets, a framework for all-order resummation of the dominant contributions from wide-angle QCD emissions. We first compare predictions against recent ATLAS data and then shift focus to observables and regions of phase space where effects beyond NLO are expected to be large. Read More

The 2011 Les Houches workshop was the first to confront LHC data. In the two years since the previous workshop there have been significant advances in both soft and hard QCD, particularly in the areas of multi-leg NLO calculations, the inclusion of those NLO calculations into parton shower Monte Carlos, and the tuning of the non-perturbative parameters of those Monte Carlos. These proceedings describe the theoretical advances that have taken place, the impact of the early LHC data, and the areas for future development. Read More

Both the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations have sought for effects beyond pure next-to-leading order in dijet observables, with the goal to distinguish between the perturbative descriptions provided by a next-to-leading order plus collinear-resummation calculation and by the resummation of wide-angle, hard emissions. In this paper we identify regions of phase space in dijet production where some observables receive large corrections beyond next-to-leading order and study their theoretical description with two tools that perform these two different resummations: the POWHEG BOX and HEJ. Furthermore, we suggest analyses where the predictions from POWHEG and HEJ can be clearly distinguished experimentally. Read More

We consider the recently developed diagrammatic approach to soft-gluon exponentiation in multiparton scattering amplitudes, where the exponent is written as a sum of webs - closed sets of diagrams whose colour and kinematic parts are entangled via mixing matrices. A complementary approach to exponentiation is based on the multiplicative renormalizability of intersecting Wilson lines, and their subsequent finite anomalous dimension. Relating this framework to that of webs, we derive renormalization constraints expressing all multiple poles of any given web in terms of lower-order webs. Read More

We present a method to match the multi-parton states generated by the High Energy Jets Monte Carlo with parton showers generated by the Ariadne program using the colour dipole model. The High Energy Jets program already includes a full resummation of soft divergences. Hence, in the matching it is important that the corresponding divergences in the parton shower are subtracted, keeping only the collinear parts. Read More

We present a flexible Monte Carlo implementation of the perturbative framework of High Energy Jets, describing multi-jet events at hadron colliders. The description includes a resummation which ensures leading logarithmic accuracy for large invariant mass between jets, and is matched to tree-level accuracy for multiplicities up to 4 jets. The resummation includes all-order hard corrections, which become important for increasing centre-of-mass energy of the hadronic collision. Read More

High Energy Jets (HEJ) is a new framework for approximating the all-order perturbative corrections to multi-jet processes, with a focus on the hard, wide-angle QCD emissions, which underpins the perturbative description of hard jets. In this contribution we review the basic concepts of HEJ, and present some new predictions for observables in dijet-production, and for W-boson production in association with at least 3 jets. Read More

In this paper we give a geometric interpretation of the renormalization algorithm and of the continued fraction map that we introduced in arxiv:0905.0871 to give a characterization of symbolic sequences for linear flows in the regular octagon. We interpret this algorithm as renormalization on the Teichmueller disk of the octagon and explain the relation with Teichmueller geodesic flow. Read More

We compute the resummed hadronic transverse energy (E_T) distribution due to initial-state QCD radiation in vector boson and Higgs boson production at hadron colliders. The resummed exponent, parton distributions and coefficient functions are treated consistently to next-to-leading order. The results are matched to fixed-order calculations at large E_T and compared with parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions at Tevatron and LHC energies. Read More


We discuss results from a recently proposed all-order description of hard, radiative corrections to certain multi-jet processes at hadron colliders. The description is based on obtaining an all-order estimate of the t-channel singularities of scattering amplitudes. As a simple example, we illustrate the similarities between qQ and qg-scattering. Read More

The MACHO Project generated two-colour photometric lightcurves for 73 million stars in the LMC, SMC, and the Galactic bulge during its 8 years of observing. This photometry, along with all images from the over 100 thousand observations from which it was derived, and an associated catalogue of 21 thousand LMC variable stars, is now available via web-services which comply with standards defined by the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA). Read More

By exploring the scattering of specific helicity states in quark-gluon scattering at tree level we show explicitly that the t-channel pole can be described exactly as a contraction of two local currents. Furthermore, we demonstrate that out of eight non-zero helicity possibilities, only two suppressed channels have contributions that are not pure, factorised t-channel poles. We thereby extract a gauge-invariant definition for the t-channel current generated by the scattering of a gluon. Read More

Discoveries at the LHC will soon set the physics agenda for future colliders. This report of a CERN Theory Institute includes the summaries of Working Groups that reviewed the physics goals and prospects of LHC running with 10 to 300/fb of integrated luminosity, of the proposed sLHC luminosity upgrade, of the ILC, of CLIC, of the LHeC and of a muon collider. The four Working Groups considered possible scenarios for the first 10/fb of data at the LHC in which (i) a state with properties that are compatible with a Higgs boson is discovered, (ii) no such state is discovered either because the Higgs properties are such that it is difficult to detect or because no Higgs boson exists, (iii) a missing-energy signal beyond the Standard Model is discovered as in some supersymmetric models, and (iv) some other exotic signature of new physics is discovered. Read More

We discuss the universal behaviour of scattering cross sections in the limit of infinite rapidity separation between all produced particles, and illustrate the behaviour explicitly for the production of n jets, W+n jets, Z+n jets for n=2,3,4, and for H+2,3 jets. We give a set of rules for constructing scattering cross sections, which are exact in the given limit, and order-by-order reproduce well the full fixed order results when applied to LHC phenomenology. The approximation includes both real and virtual corrections, and is sufficiently simple to allow for the regulated all-order perturbative sum to be explicitly constructed. Read More

We consider a symbolic coding of linear trajectories in the regular octagon with opposite sides identified (and more generally in regular 2n-gons). Each infinite trajectory gives a cutting sequence corresponding to the sequence of sides hit. We give an explicit characterization of these cutting sequences. Read More

We answer a question of Vorobets by showing that the lattice property for flat surfaces is equivalent to the existence of a positive lower bound for the areas of affine triangles. We show that the set of affine equivalence classes of lattice surfaces with a fixed positive lower bound for the areas of triangles is finite and we obtain explicit bounds on its cardinality. We deduce several other characterizations of the lattice property. Read More

We study the potential observation at the LHC of CP-violating effects in stop production and subsequent cascade decays, g g -> tilde{t}_i tilde{t}_i, tilde{t}_i -> t tilde{chi}^0_j, tilde{chi}^0_j -> tilde{\chi}^0_1 l^+ l^-, within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We study T-odd asymmetries based on triple products between the different decay products. There may be a large CP asymmetry at the parton level, but there is a significant dilution at the hadronic level after integrating over the parton distribution functions. Read More

Michael Shub proved in 1969 that the topological conjugacy class of an expanding endomorphism on a compact manifold is determined by its homotopy type. In this article we generalize this result in two directions. In one direction we consider certain expanding maps on metric spaces. Read More

For fixed g and T we show that finiteness of the set of affine equivalence classes of flat surfaces of genus g whose Veech groups contain a cusp of hyperbolic co-area less than T. We obtain new restrictions on Veech groups: we show that any non-elementary Veech group can appear only finitely many times in a fixed stratum, that any non-elementary Veech group is of finite index in its normalizer, and that the quotient of the upper half plane by a non-lattice Veech group contains arbitrarily large embedded disks. These are proved using the finiteness of the set of affine equivalence classes of flat surfaces of genus g whose Veech group contains a hyperbolic element with eigenvalue less than T. Read More

In this talk we discuss recent progress concerning precise predictions for the LHC. We give a status report of three applications of our method to deal with multi-leg one-loop amplitudes: The interference term of Higgs production by gluon- and weak boson fusion to order O(alpha^2 alpha_s^3) and the next-to-leading order corrections to the two processes pp -> ZZ jet and u ubar -> d dbar s sbar. The latter is a subprocess of the four jet cross section at the LHC. Read More

We calculate the order O(alpha^2 alpha_s^3) interference effect between the gluon fusion and weak boson fusion processes allowed at the one-loop level in Higgs boson plus 2 jet production at the LHC. The corresponding one-loop amplitudes, which have not been considered in the literature so far, are evaluated analytically using dimensional regularisation and the necessary master integrals with massive propagators are reported. It is discussed in detail how various mechanisms conspire to make this contribution numerically negligible for experimental studies at the LHC. Read More

Algebraically periodic directions on translation surfaces were introduced by Calta in her study of genus two translation surfaces. We say that a translation surface with three or more algebraically periodic directions is an algebraically periodic surface. We show that for an algebraically periodic surface the slopes of the algebraically periodic directions are given by a number field which we call the periodic direction field. Read More

We explicitly calculate the contribution to Higgs production at the LHC from the interference between gluon-gluon and Weak Vector Boson fusion, and compare it to the pure QCD and pure Electro-weak result. While the effect is small at tree level, we speculate it will be significantly enhanced by loop effects. Read More

We study the extent to which spin assignments of new particles produced at the LHC can be deduced in the decay of a scalar or fermion C into a new stable (or quasi-stable) particle A through the chain C \to B^\pm q, B^\pm \to A W^\pm, W^\pm \to \ell^\pm \nu_\ell where \ell=e,\mu. All possible spin assignments of the particles A and B are considered in order to remain as model-independent as possible. Explicit invariant mass distributions of the quark and lepton are given for each set of spins, valid for all masses. Read More

We extend our earlier study of spin correlations in the decay chain $D\to C q$, $C\to B l^{near}$, $B\to A l^{far}$, where $A,B,C,D$ are new particles with known masses but undetermined spins, $l^{near}$ and $l^{far}$ are opposite-sign same-flavour charged leptons and $A$ is invisible. Instead of looking at the observable 2- and 3-particle invariant mass distributions separately, we compare the full three-dimensional phase space distributions for all possible spin assignments of the new particles, and show that this enhances their distinguishability using a quantitative measure known as the Kullback-Leibler distance. Read More

If new particles are discovered at the LHC, it will be important to determine their spins in as model-independent a way as possible. We consider the case, commonly encountered in models of physics beyond the Standard Model, of a new scalar or fermion $D$ decaying sequentially into other new particles $C,B,A$ via the decay chain $D\to C q$, $C\to B l^{near}$, $B\to A l^{far}$, $l^{near}$ and $l^{far}$ being opposite-sign same-flavour charged leptons and $A$ being invisible. We compute the observable 2- and 3-particle invariant mass distributions for all possible spin assignments of the new particles, and discuss their distinguishability using a quantitative measure known as the Kullback-Leibler distance. Read More

An interesting alternative to supersymmetry (SUSY) for extending physics beyond the Standard Model is a model with universal extra dimensions (UED), in which the SUSY superpartners are replaced by Kaluza-Klein excitations of the Standard Model particles. If new particles are discovered at the LHC, even if their mass spectrum favours SUSY or UED, it will be vital to distinguish between their spin assignments in the two models as far as possible. We extend the method proposed by Barr [hep-ph/0405052] to the UED case and investigate the angular and charge asymmetries of decay distributions for sample mass spectra of both SUSY and UED types. Read More

We consider the complexification of the Henon family of quadratic diffeomorphisms of the plane, and the region of parameter space corresponding to complex horseshoes. We discuss some conjectures about the global topology of the complex horseshoe locus. Read More

This paper concerns the Henon family of diffeomorphisms of the plane for which the absolute value of the jacobian parameter is bounded by .08. We describe the parameter locus for which the mapping is a horseshoe. Read More

We describe results on the dynamics of polynomial diffeomorphisms of ${\bf C^2}$ and draw connections with the dynamics of polynomial maps of ${\bf C}$ and the dynamics of polynomial diffeomorphisms of ${\bf R^2}$ such as the H\'enon family. Read More

This paper continues our investigation of the dynamics of polynomial diffeomorphisms of C^2. We introduce a dynamical property of polynomial diffeomorphisms that generalizes hyperbolicity in the way that semi-hyperbolicity generalizes hyperbolicity for polynomial maps of the complex plane. Read More

In this paper we use complex techniques to study the structure of real Henon diffeomorphisms of maximal topological entropy. Read More

Given a polynomial diffeomorphism f: C^2 -> C^2 there is a set $J_f\subset{\bf C}^2$ which we call the Julia set of f. The set $J_f\subset C^2$ plays the role of the Julia set $J\subset{\bf C}$ for a polynomial map of C. In the study of polynomial maps of C a great deal of attention has been paid to the connectivity of the Julia set. Read More

In this paper we continue our study of polynomial diffeomorphisms of C^2. Let us recall that there is an invariant measure $\mu$, which is the pluri-complex version of the harmonic measure of the Julia set for polynomial maps of C. In this paper we give an integral formula for the Lyapunov exponents of a polynomial automorphism with respect to $\mu$ analogous to the Brolin-Manning formula polynomial maps of C. Read More

These notes are the outgrowth of a series of lectures given at MSRI in January 1995 at the beginning of the special semester in complex dynamics and hyperbolic geometry. In these notes, the primary aim is to motivate the study of complex dynamics in two variables and to introduce the major ideas in the field. Hence the treatment of the subject is mostly expository. Read More

This paper deals with the dynamics of a simple family of holomorphic diffeomorphisms of $\C^2$: the polynomial automorphisms. This family of maps has been studied by a number of authors. We refer to [BLS] for a general introduction to this class of dynamical systems. Read More

This paper concerns the dynamics of polynomial automorphisms of ${\bf C}^2$. One can associate to such an automorphism two currents $\mu^\pm$ and the equilibrium measure $\mu=\mu^+\wedge\mu^-$. In this paper we study some geometric and dynamical properties of these objects. Read More