J. Roche - IECL

J. Roche
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J. Roche
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IECL
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Nuclear Experiment (41)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (10)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (9)
 
Nuclear Theory (4)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)

Publications Authored By J. Roche

This workshop aimed at producing an optimized photon source concept with potential increase of scientific output at Jefferson Lab, and at refining the science for hadron physics experiments benefitting from such a high-intensity photon source. The workshop brought together the communities directly using such sources for photo-production experiments, or for conversion into $K_L$ beams. The combination of high precision calorimetry and high intensity photon sources greatly enhances scientific benefit to (deep) exclusive processes like wide-angle and time-like Compton scattering. Read More

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. Read More

2017Feb
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first longitudinal/transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions $d\sigma_L/dt$, $d\sigma_T/dt$, $d\sigma_{LT}/dt$ and $d\sigma_{TT}/dt$ are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at $Q^2$=1.75 GeV$^2$ and $x_B$=0. Read More

We present deeply virtual $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross-section measurements at $x_B$=0.36 and three different $Q^2$--values ranging from 1.5 to 2 GeV$^2$, obtained from experiment E07-007 that ran in the Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Read More

Structure functions, as measured in lepton-nucleon scattering, have proven to be very useful in studying the quark dynamics within the nucleon. However, it is experimentally difficult to separately determine the longitudinal and transverse structure functions, and consequently there are substantially less data available for the longitudinal structure function in particular. Here we present separated structure functions for hydrogen and deuterium at low four--momentum transfer squared, Q^2< 1 GeV^2, and compare these with parton distribution parameterizations and a k_T factorization approach. Read More

We present final results on the photon electroproduction ($\vec{e}p\rightarrow ep\gamma$) cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region from Jefferson Lab experiment E00-110. Results from an analysis of a subset of these data were published before, but the analysis has been improved which is described here at length, together with details on the experimental setup. Furthermore, additional data have been analyzed resulting in photon electroproduction cross sections at new kinematic settings, for a total of 588 experimental bins. Read More

We consider a model for the propagation and absorption of electromagnetic waves (in the time-harmonic regime) in a magnetised plasma. We present a rigorous derivation of the model and several boundary conditions modelling wave injection into the plasma. Then we propose several variational formulations, mixed and non-mixed, and prove their well-posedness thanks to a theorem by S\'ebelin et~al. Read More

Background: Measurements of forward exclusive meson production at different squared four-momenta of the exchanged virtual photon, $Q^2$, and at different four-momentum transfer, t, can be used to probe QCD's transition from meson-nucleon degrees of freedom at long distances to quark-gluon degrees of freedom at short scales. Ratios of separated response functions in $\pi^-$ and $\pi^+$ electroproduction are particularly informative. The ratio for transverse photons may allow this transition to be more easily observed, while the ratio for longitudinal photons provides a crucial verification of the assumed pole dominance, needed for reliable extraction of the pion form factor from electroproduction data. Read More

2014Nov
Authors: MOLLER Collaboration, J. Benesch, P. Brindza, R. D. Carlini, J-P. Chen, E. Chudakov, S. Covrig, M. M. Dalton, A. Deur, D. Gaskell, A. Gavalya, J. Gomez, D. W. Higinbotham, C. Keppel, D. Meekins, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, Y. Roblin, R. Suleiman, R. Wines, B. Wojtsekhowski, G. Cates, D. Crabb, D. Day, K. Gnanvo, D. Keller, N. Liyanage, V. V. Nelyubin, H. Nguyen, B. Norum, K. Paschke, V. Sulkosky, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, J. Birchall, P. Blunden, M. T. W. Gericke, W. R. Falk, L. Lee, J. Mammei, S. A. Page, W. T. H. van Oers, K. Dehmelt, A. Deshpande, N. Feege, T. K. Hemmick, K. S. Kumar, T. Kutz, R. Miskimen, M. J. Ramsey-Musolf, S. Riordan, N. Hirlinger Saylor, J. Bessuille, E. Ihloff, J. Kelsey, S. Kowalski, R. Silwal, G. De Cataldo, R. De Leo, D. Di Bari, L. Lagamba, E. NappiV. Bellini, F. Mammoliti, F. Noto, M. L. Sperduto, C. M. Sutera, P. Cole, T. A. Forest, M. Khandekar, D. McNulty, K. Aulenbacher, S. Baunack, F. Maas, V. Tioukine, R. Gilman, K. Myers, R. Ransome, A. Tadepalli, R. Beniniwattha, R. Holmes, P. Souder, D. S. Armstrong, T. D. Averett, W. Deconinck, W. Duvall, A. Lee, M. L. Pitt, J. A. Dunne, D. Dutta, L. El Fassi, F. De Persio, F. Meddi, G. M. Urciuoli, E. Cisbani, C. Fanelli, F. Garibaldi, K. Johnston, N. Simicevic, S. Wells, P. M. King, J. Roche, J. Arrington, P. E. Reimer, G. Franklin, B. Quinn, A. Ahmidouch, S. Danagoulian, O. Glamazdin, R. Pomatsalyuk, R. Mammei, J. W. Martin, T. Holmstrom, J. Erler, Yu. G. Kolomensky, J. Napolitano, K. A. Aniol, W. D. Ramsay, E. Korkmaz, D. T. Spayde, F. Benmokhtar, A. Del Dotto, R. Perrino, S. Barkanova, A. Aleksejevs, J. Singh

The physics case and an experimental overview of the MOLLER (Measurement Of a Lepton Lepton Electroweak Reaction) experiment at the 12 GeV upgraded Jefferson Lab are presented. A highlight of the Fundamental Symmetries subfield of the 2007 NSAC Long Range Plan was the SLAC E158 measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry $A_{PV}$ in polarized electron-electron (M{\o}ller) scattering. The proposed MOLLER experiment will improve on this result by a factor of five, yielding the most precise measurement of the weak mixing angle at low or high energy anticipated over the next decade. Read More

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. Read More

2014Sep
Authors: Qweak Collaboration, T. Allison, M. Anderson, D. Androic, D. S. Armstrong, A. Asaturyan, T. D. Averett, R. Averill, J. Balewski, J. Beaufait, R. S. Beminiwattha, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, J. Bessuille, J. Birchall, E. Bonnell, J. Bowman, P. Brindza, D. B. Brown, R. D. Carlini, G. D. Cates, B. Cavness, G. Clark, J. C. Cornejo, S. Covrig Dusa, M. M. Dalton, C. A. Davis, D. C. Dean, W. Deconinck, J. Diefenbach, K. Dow, J. F. Dowd, J. A. Dunne, D. Dutta, W. S. Duvall, J. R. Echols, M. Elaasar, W. R. Falk, K. D. Finelli, J. M. Finn, D. Gaskell, M. T. W. Gericke, J. Grames, V. M. Gray, K. Grimm, F. Guo, J. Hansknecht, D. J. Harrison, E. Henderson, J. R. Hoskins, E. Ihloff, K. Johnston, D. Jones, M. Jones, R. Jones, M. Kargiantoulakis, J. Kelsey, N. Khan, P. M. King, E. Korkmaz, S. Kowalski, A. Kubera, J. Leacock, J. P. Leckey, A. R. Lee, J. H. Lee, L. Lee, Y. Liang, S. MacEwan, D. Mack, J. A. Magee, R. Mahurin, J. Mammei, J. W. Martin, A. McCreary, M. H. McDonald, M. J. McHugh, P. Medeiros, D. Meekins, J. Mei, R. Michaels, A. Micherdzinska, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, N. Morgan, J. Musson, K. E. Mesick, A. Narayan, L. Z. Ndukum, V. Nelyubin, Nuruzzaman, W. T. H. van Oers, A. K. Opper, S. A. Page, J. Pan, K. D. Paschke, S. K. Phillips, M. L. Pitt, M. Poelker, J. F. Rajotte, W. D. Ramsay, W. R. Roberts, J. Roche, P. W. Rose, B. Sawatzky, T. Seva, M. H. Shabestari, R. Silwal, N. Simicevic, G. R. Smith, S. Sobczynski, P. Solvignon, D. T. Spayde, B. Stokes, D. W. Storey, A. Subedi, R. Subedi, R. Suleiman, V. Tadevosyan, W. A. Tobias, V. Tvaskis, E. Urban, B. Waidyawansa, P. Wang, S. P. Wells, S. A. Wood, S. Yang, S. Zhamkochyan, R. B. Zielinski

The Jefferson Lab Q_weak experiment determined the weak charge of the proton by measuring the parity-violating elastic scattering asymmetry of longitudinally polarized electrons from an unpolarized liquid hydrogen target at small momentum transfer. A custom apparatus was designed for this experiment to meet the technical challenges presented by the smallest and most precise ${\vec{e}}$p asymmetry ever measured. Technical milestones were achieved at Jefferson Lab in target power, beam current, beam helicity reversal rate, polarimetry, detected rates, and control of helicity-correlated beam properties. Read More

2014Jun
Authors: L. Tang1, C. Chen2, T. Gogami3, D. Kawama4, Y. Han5, L. Yuan6, A. Matsumura7, Y. Okayasu8, T. Seva9, V. M. Rodriguez10, P. Baturin11, A. Acha12, P. Achenbach13, A. Ahmidouch14, I. Albayrak15, D. Androic16, A. Asaturyan17, R. Asaturyan18, O. Ates19, R. Badui20, O. K. Baker21, F. Benmokhtar22, W. Boeglin23, J. Bono24, P. Bosted25, E. Brash26, P. Carter27, R. Carlini28, A. Chiba29, M. E. Christy30, L. Cole31, M. M. Dalton32, S. Danagoulian33, A. Daniel34, R. De Leo35, V. Dharmawardane36, D. Doi37, K. Egiyan38, M. Elaasar39, R. Ent40, H. Fenker41, Y. Fujii42, M. Furic43, M. Gabrielyan44, L. Gan45, F. Garibaldi46, D. Gaskell47, A. Gasparian48, E. F. Gibson49, P. Gueye50, O. Hashimoto51, D. Honda52, T. Horn53, B. Hu54, Ed V. Hungerford55, C. Jayalath56, M. Jones57, K. Johnston58, N. Kalantarians59, H. Kanda60, M. Kaneta61, F. Kato62, S. Kato63, M. Kawai64, C. Keppel65, H. Khanal66, M. Kohl67, L. Kramer68, K. J. Lan69, Y. Li70, A. Liyanage71, W. Luo72, D. Mack73, K. Maeda74, S. Malace75, A. Margaryan76, G. Marikyan77, P. Markowitz78, T. Maruta79, N. Maruyama80, V. Maxwell81, D. J. Millener82, T. Miyoshi83, A. Mkrtchyan84, H. Mkrtchyan85, T. Motoba86, S. Nagao87, S. N. Nakamura88, A. Narayan89, C. Neville90, G. Niculescu91, M. I. Niculescu92, A. Nunez93, Nuruzzaman94, H. Nomura95, K. Nonaka96, A. Ohtani97, M. Oyamada98, N. Perez99, T. Petkovic100, J. Pochodzalla101, X. Qiu102, S. Randeniya103, B. Raue104, J. Reinhold105, R. Rivera106, J. Roche107, C. Samanta108, Y. Sato109, B. Sawatzky110, E. K. Segbefia111, D. Schott112, A. Shichijo113, N. Simicevic114, G. Smith115, Y. Song116, M. Sumihama117, V. Tadevosyan118, T. Takahashi119, N. Taniya120, K. Tsukada121, V. Tvaskis122, M. Veilleux123, W. Vulcan124, S. Wells125, F. R. Wesselmann126, S. A. Wood127, T. Yamamoto128, C. Yan129, Z. Ye130, K. Yokota131, S. Zhamkochyan132, L. Zhu133
Affiliations: 1HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 2HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 3HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 4HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 5HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 6HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 7HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 8HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 9HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 10HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 11HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 12HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 13HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 14HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 15HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 16HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 17HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 18HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 19HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 20HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - 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Since the pioneering experiment, E89-009 studying hypernuclear spectroscopy using the $(e,e^{\prime}K^+)$ reaction was completed, two additional experiments, E01-011 and E05-115, were performed at Jefferson Lab. These later experiments used a modified experimental design, the "tilt method", to dramatically suppress the large electromagnetic background, and allowed for a substantial increase in luminosity. Additionally, a new kaon spectrometer, HKS (E01-011), a new electron spectrometer, HES, and a new splitting magnet were added to produce precision, high-resolution hypernuclear spectroscopy. Read More

2014Apr
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration

The study of exclusive $\pi^{\pm}$ electroproduction on the nucleon, including separation of the various structure functions, is of interest for a number of reasons. The ratio $R_L=\sigma_L^{\pi^-}/\sigma_L^{\pi^+}$ is sensitive to isoscalar contamination to the dominant isovector pion exchange amplitude, which is the basis for the determination of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data. A change in the value of $R_T=\sigma_T^{\pi^-}/\sigma_T^{\pi^+}$ from unity at small $-t$, to 1/4 at large $-t$, would suggest a transition from coupling to a (virtual) pion to coupling to individual quarks. Read More

A subset of results from the recently completed Jefferson Lab Qweak experiment are reported. This experiment, sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model, exploits the small parity-violating asymmetry in elastic ep scattering to provide the first determination of the protons weak charge Qweak(p). The experiment employed a 180 uA longitudinally polarized 1. Read More

The Qweak experiment has measured the parity-violating asymmetry in polarized e-p elastic scattering at Q^2 = 0.025(GeV/c)^2, employing 145 microamps of 89% longitudinally polarized electrons on a 34.4cm long liquid hydrogen target at Jefferson Lab. Read More

We report on parity-violating asymmetries in the nucleon resonance region measured using $5 - 6$ GeV longitudinally polarized electrons scattering off an unpolarized deuterium target. These results are the first parity-violating asymmetry data in the resonance region beyond the $\Delta(1232)$, and provide a verification of quark-hadron duality in the nucleon electroweak $\gamma Z$ interference structure functions at the (10-15)% level. The results are of particular interest to models relevant for calculating the $\gamma Z$ box-diagram corrections to elastic parity-violating electron scattering measurements. Read More

The parity-violating asymmetry arising from inelastic electron-nucleon scattering at backward angle (~95 degrees) near the Delta(1232) resonance has been measured using a hydrogen target. From this asymmetry, we extracted the axial transition form factor G^A_{N\Delta}, a function of the axial Adler form factors C^A_i. Though G^A_{N\Delta} has been previously studied using charged current reactions, this is the first measurement of the weak neutral current excitation of the Delta using a proton target. Read More

Symbiotic systems are interacting binary stars consisting of both hot and cool components. This results in a complex environment that is ideal for studying the latter stages of stellar evolution along with interactions within binary systems. As a star approaches the end of its life, in particular the red giant phase, it exhausts its supply of core hydrogen and begins burning its way through successively heavier elements. Read More

2012Aug
Authors: The HAPPEX, PREX Collaborations, :, S. Abrahamyan, A. Acha, A. Afanasev, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, W. Armstrong, J. Arrington, T. Averett, B. Babineau, S. L. Bailey, J. Barber, A. Barbieri, A. Beck, V. Bellini, R. Beminiwattha, H. Benaoum, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, P. Bertin, T. Bielarski, W. Boeglin, P. Bosted, F. Butaru, E. Burtin, J. Cahoon, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, P. Carter, C. C. Chang, G. D. Cates, Y. C. Chao, C. Chen, J. P. Chen, Seonho Choi, E. Chudakov, E. Cisbani, B. Craver, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, R. De Leo, K. de Jager, W. Deconinck, P. Decowski, D. Deepa, X. Deng, A. Deur, D. Dutta, A. Etile, C. Ferdi, R. J. Feuerbach, J. M. Finn, D. Flay, G. B. Franklin, M. Friend, S. Frullani, E. Fuchey, S. A. Fuchs, K. Fuoti, F. Garibaldi, E. Gasser, R. Gilman, A. Giusa, A. Glamazdin, L. E. Glesener, J. Gomez, M. Gorchtein, J. Grames, K. Grimm, C. Gu, O. Hansen, J. Hansknecht, O. Hen, D. W. Higinbotham, R. S. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, C. J. Horowitz, J. Hoskins, J. Huang, T. B. Humensky, C. E. Hyde, H. Ibrahim, F. Itard, C. M. Jen, E. Jensen, X. Jiang, G. Jin, S. Johnston, J. Katich, L. J. Kaufman, A. Kelleher, K. Kliakhandler, P. M. King, A. Kolarkar, S. Kowalski, E. Kuchina, K. S. Kumar, L. Lagamba, D. Lambert, P. LaViolette, J. Leacock, J. Leckey IV, J. H. Lee, J. J. LeRose, D. Lhuillier, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, N. Lubinsky, J. Mammei, F. Mammoliti, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, M. Mazouz, K. McCormick, A. McCreary, D. McNulty, D. G. Meekins, L. Mercado, Z. E. Meziani, R. W. Michaels, M. Mihovilovic, B. Moffit, P. Monaghan, N. Muangma, C. Munoz-Camacho, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, D. Neyret, Nuruzzaman, Y. Oh, K. Otis, A. Palmer, D. Parno, K. D. Paschke, S. K. Phillips, M. Poelker, R. Pomatsalyuk, M. Posik, M. Potokar, K. Prok, A. J. R. Puckett, X. Qian, Y. Qiang, B. Quinn, A. Rakhman, P. E. Reimer, B. Reitz, S. Riordan, J. Roche, P. Rogan, G. Ron, G. Russo, K. Saenboonruang, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, A. Shahinyan, R. Silwal, J. Singh, S. Sirca, K. Slifer, R. Snyder, P. Solvignon, P. A. Souder, M. L. Sperduto, R. Subedi, M. L. Stutzman, R. Suleiman, V. Sulkosky, C. M. Sutera, W. A. Tobias, W. Troth, G. M. Urciuoli, P. Ulmer, A. Vacheret, E. Voutier, B. Waidyawansa, D. Wang, K. Wang, J. Wexler, A. Whitbeck, R. Wilson, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, V. Yim, L. Zana, X. Zhan, J. Zhang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng, V. Ziskin, P. Zhu

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry $A_n$ in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from $^1$H and for the first time from $^4$He, $^{12}$C, and $^{208}$Pb. For $^1$H, $^4$He and $^{12}$C, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate $A_n$ to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the $^{208}$Pb result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. Read More

2012Jul
Affiliations: 1HKS, 2HKS, 3HKS, 4HKS, 5HKS, 6HKS, 7HKS, 8HKS, 9HKS, 10HKS, 11HKS, 12HKS, 13HKS, 14HKS, 15HKS, 16HKS, 17HKS, 18HKS, 19HKS, 20HKS, 21HKS, 22HKS, 23HKS, 24HKS, 25HKS, 26HKS, 27HKS, 28HKS, 29HKS, 30HKS, 31HKS, 32HKS, 33HKS, 34HKS, 35HKS, 36HKS, 37HKS, 38HKS, 39HKS, 40HKS, 41HKS, 42HKS, 43HKS, 44HKS, 45HKS, 46HKS, 47HKS, 48HKS, 49HKS, 50HKS, 51HKS, 52HKS, 53HKS, 54HKS, 55HKS, 56HKS, 57HKS, 58HKS, 59HKS, 60HKS, 61HKS, 62HKS, 63HKS, 64HKS, 65HKS, 66HKS, 67HKS, 68HKS, 69HKS, 70HKS, 71HKS, 72HKS, 73HKS, 74HKS, 75HKS, 76HKS, 77HKS, 78HKS, 79HKS, 80HKS, 81HKS, 82HKS, 83HKS, 84HKS, 85HKS, 86HKS, 87HKS, 88HKS, 89HKS, 90HKS, 91HKS, 92HKS, 93HKS

An experiment with a newly developed high-resolution kaon spectrometer (HKS) and a scattered electron spectrometer with a novel configuration was performed in Hall C at Jefferson Lab (JLab). The ground state of a neutron-rich hypernucleus, He 7 Lambda, was observed for the first time with the (e,e'K+) reaction with an energy resolution of ~0.6 MeV. Read More

We propose a new precision measurement of parity-violating electron scattering on the proton at very low Q^2 and forward angles to challenge predictions of the Standard Model and search for new physics. A unique opportunity exists to carry out the first precision measurement of the proton's weak charge, $Q_W =1 - 4\sin^2\theta_W$. A 2200 hour measurement of the parity violating asymmetry in elastic ep scattering at Q^2=0. Read More

The parity-violating cross-section asymmetry in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from unpolarized protons has been measured at a four-momentum transfer squared Q2 = 0.624 GeV and beam energy E =3.48 GeV to be A_PV = -23. Read More

We present an updated extraction of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio, mu_p G_E/G_M, at low Q^2. The form factors are sensitive to the spatial distribution of the proton, and precise measurements can be used to constrain models of the proton. An improved selection of the elastic events and reduced background contributions yielded a small systematic reduction in the ratio mu_p G_E/G_M compared to the original analysis. Read More

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetries in elastic scattering of transversely polarized electrons from the proton, and performed the first measurement in quasi-elastic scattering on the deuteron, at backward angles (lab scattering angle of 108 degrees) for Q2 = 0.22 GeV^2/c^2 and 0.63 GeV^2/c^2 at beam energies of 362 MeV and 687 MeV, respectively. Read More

A large set of cross sections for semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions ($\pi^\pm$) from both proton and deuteron targets was measured. The data are in the deep-inelastic scattering region with invariant mass squared $W^2$ > 4 GeV$^2$ and range in four-momentum transfer squared $2 < Q^2 < 4$ (GeV/c)$^2$, and cover a range in the Bjorken scaling variable 0.2 < x < 0. Read More

We present new data on electron scattering from a range of nuclei taken in Hall C at Jefferson Lab. For heavy nuclei, we observe a rapid falloff in the cross section for $x>1$, which is sensitive to short range contributions to the nuclear wave-function, and in deep inelastic scattering corresponds to probing extremely high momentum quarks. This result agrees with higher energy muon scattering measurements, but is in sharp contrast to neutrino scattering measurements which suggested a dramatic enhancement in the distribution of the `super-fast' quarks probed at x>1. Read More

2010Aug
Authors: S. Riordan, S. Abrahamyan, B. Craver, A. Kelleher, A. Kolarkar, J. Miller, G. D. Cates, N. Liyanage, B. Wojtsekhowski, A. Acha, K. Allada, B. Anderson, K. A. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, J. Arrington, T. Averett, A. Beck, M. Bellis, W. Boeglin, H. Breuer, J. R. Calarco, A. Camsonne, J. P. Chen, E. Chudakov, L. Coman, B. Crowe, F. Cusanno, D. Day, P. Degtyarenko, P. A. M. Dolph, C. Dutta, C. Ferdi, C. Fernandez-Ramirez, R. Feuerbach, L. M. Fraile, G. Franklin, S. Frullani, S. Fuchs, F. Garibaldi, N. Gevorgyan, R. Gilman, A. Glamazdin, J. Gomez, K. Grimm, J. O. Hansen, J. L. Herraiz, D. W. Higinbotham, R. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, D. Howell, C. W. deJager, X. Jiang, M. K. Jones, J. Katich, L. J. Kaufman, M. Khandaker, J. J. Kelly, D. Kiselev, W. Korsch, J. LeRose, R. Lindgren, P. Markowitz, D. J. Margaziotis, S. May-Tal Beck, S. Mayilyan, K. McCormick, Z. E. Meziani, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, T. Ngo, D. M. Nikolenko, B. Norum, L. Pentchev, C. F. Perdrisat, E. Piasetzky, R. Pomatsalyuk, D. Protopopescu, A. J. R. Puckett, V. A. Punjabi, X. Qian, Y. Qiang, B. Quinn, I. Rachek, R. D. Ransome, P. E. Reimer, B. Reitz, J. Roche, G. Ron, O. Rondon, G. Rosner, A. Saha, M. Sargsian, B. Sawatzky, J. Segal, M. Shabestari, A. Shahinyan, Yu. Shestakov, J. Singh, S. Sirca, P. Souder, S. Stepanyan, V. Stibunov, V. Sulkosky, S. Tajima, W. A. Tobias, J. M. Udias, G. M. Urciuoli, B. Vlahovic, H. Voskanyan, K. Wang, F. R. Wesselmann, J. R. Vignote, S. A. Wood, J. Wright, H. Yao, X. Zhu

The electric form factor of the neutron was determined from studies of the reaction He3(e,e'n)pp in quasi-elastic kinematics in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Longitudinally polarized electrons were scattered off a polarized target in which the nuclear polarization was oriented perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The scattered electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons that were registered in a large-solid-angle detector. Read More

High precision measurements of induced and transferred recoil proton polarization in d(polarized gamma, polarized p})n have been performed for photon energies of 277--357 MeV and theta_cm = 20 degrees -- 120 degrees. The measurements were motivated by a longstanding discrepancy between meson-baryon model calculations and data at higher energies. At the low energies of this experiment, theory continues to fail to reproduce the data, indicating that either something is missing in the calculations and/or there is a problem with the accuracy of the nucleon-nucleon potential being used. Read More

The proton analyzing power in carbon has been measured for energies of 82 to 217 MeV and proton scattering angles of 5 to 41 degrees. The measurements were carried out using polarized protons from the elastic scattering H(pol. e, pol. Read More

2008Nov
Affiliations: 1nee Rohe, 2nee Rohe, 3nee Rohe, 4nee Rohe, 5nee Rohe, 6nee Rohe, 7nee Rohe, 8nee Rohe, 9nee Rohe, 10nee Rohe, 11nee Rohe, 12nee Rohe, 13nee Rohe, 14nee Rohe, 15nee Rohe, 16nee Rohe, 17nee Rohe, 18nee Rohe, 19nee Rohe, 20nee Rohe, 21nee Rohe, 22nee Rohe, 23nee Rohe, 24nee Rohe, 25nee Rohe, 26nee Rohe, 27nee Rohe, 28nee Rohe, 29nee Rohe, 30nee Rohe, 31nee Rohe, 32nee Rohe, 33nee Rohe, 34nee Rohe, 35nee Rohe, 36nee Rohe, 37nee Rohe, 38nee Rohe, 39nee Rohe, 40nee Rohe, 41nee Rohe, 42nee Rohe, 43nee Rohe, 44nee Rohe, 45nee Rohe, 46nee Rohe, 47nee Rohe, 48nee Rohe, 49nee Rohe, 50nee Rohe, 51nee Rohe, 52nee Rohe

We have extracted QCD matrix elements from our data on double polarized inelastic scattering of electrons on nuclei. We find the higher twist matrix element \tilde{d_2}, which arises strictly from quark- gluon interactions, to be unambiguously non zero. The data also reveal an isospin dependence of higher twist effects if we assume that the Burkhardt-Cottingham Sum rule is valid. Read More

Cross sections for the reaction ${^1}$H($e,e'\pi^+$)$n$ were measured in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the CEBAF high-intensity, continous electron beam in order to determine the charged pion form factor. Data were taken for central four-momentum transfers ranging from $Q^2$=0.60 to 2. Read More

The charged pion form factor, Fpi(Q^2), is an important quantity which can be used to advance our knowledge of hadronic structure. However, the extraction of Fpi from data requires a model of the 1H(e,e'pi+)n reaction, and thus is inherently model dependent. Therefore, a detailed description of the extraction of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data obtained recently at Jefferson Lab is presented, with particular focus given to the dominant uncertainties in this procedure. Read More

2008Sep
Affiliations: 1nee Rohe, 2nee Rohe, 3nee Rohe, 4nee Rohe, 5nee Rohe, 6nee Rohe, 7nee Rohe, 8nee Rohe, 9nee Rohe, 10nee Rohe, 11nee Rohe, 12nee Rohe, 13nee Rohe, 14nee Rohe, 15nee Rohe, 16nee Rohe, 17nee Rohe, 18nee Rohe, 19nee Rohe, 20nee Rohe, 21nee Rohe, 22nee Rohe, 23nee Rohe, 24nee Rohe, 25nee Rohe, 26nee Rohe, 27nee Rohe

A search was made for sub-threshold $J/\psi$ production from a carbon target using a mixed real and quasi-real Bremsstrahlung photon beam with an endpoint energy of 5.76 GeV. No events were observed, which is consistent with predictions assuming quasi-free production. Read More

In a global analysis of the latest parity-violating electron scattering measurements on nuclear targets, we demonstrate a significant improvement in the experimental knowledge of the weak neutral-current lepton-quark interactions at low energy. The precision of this new result, combined with earlier atomic parity-violation measurements, places tight constraints on the size of possible contributions from physics beyond the Standard Model. Consequently, this result improves the lower-bound on the scale of relevant new physics to ~1 TeV. Read More

We propose precision measurements of the helicity-dependent and helicity independent cross sections for the ep->epg reaction in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) kinematics. DVCS scaling is obtained in the limits Q^2>>Lambda_{QCD}^2, x_Bj fixed, and -\Delta^2=-(q-q')^2<2 GeV^2, W>2 GeV, and -\Delta^21 GeV^2. Read More

This paper describes the Monte Carlo simulation developed specifically for the VCS experiments below pion threshold that have been performed at MAMI and JLab. This simulation generates events according to the (Bethe-Heitler + Born) cross section behaviour and takes into account all relevant resolution-deteriorating effects. It determines the `effective' solid angle for the various experimental settings which are used for the precise determination of photon electroproduction absolute cross section. Read More

The complete world set of parity violating electron scattering data up to Q^2~0.3 GeV^2 is analysed. We extract the current experimental determination of the strange electric and magnetic form factors of the proton, as well as the weak axial form factors of the proton and neutron, at Q^2 = 0. Read More

A pioneering experiment in Lambda hypernuclear spectroscopy, undertaken at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jlab), was recently reported. The experiment used the high- precision, continuous electron beam at Jlab, and a special arrangement of spectrometer magnets to measure the spectrum from {nat}C and 7Li targets using the (e,e' K+)reaction. The 12B hypernuclear spectrum was previously published. Read More

This is the summary of the working group on Hadron Polarizabilities and Form Factors of the Chiral Dynamics Workshop in Mainz, September 1-5, 1997. Read More