J. Robinson - Naval Research Laboratory

J. Robinson
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Name
J. Robinson
Affiliation
Naval Research Laboratory
City
Washington
Country
United States

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Physics - Materials Science (10)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (10)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (7)
 
Nuclear Experiment (7)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Computer Science - Learning (3)
 
Physics - Optics (3)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (3)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
 
Quantum Physics (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
 
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)

Publications Authored By J. Robinson

2017Feb
Affiliations: 1Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 2Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 3Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 4Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 5Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 6JILA, NIST and University of Colorado, Boulder CO, USA, 7JILA, NIST and University of Colorado, Boulder CO, USA, 8JILA, NIST and University of Colorado, Boulder CO, USA, 9JILA, NIST and University of Colorado, Boulder CO, USA, 10Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 11Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany

We report on two ultrastable lasers each stabilized to independent silicon Fabry-P\'erot cavities operated at 124 K. The fractional frequency instability of each laser is completely determined by the fundamental thermal Brownian noise of the mirror coatings with a flicker noise floor of $4 \times 10^{-17}$ for integration times between 0.8 s and a few tens of seconds. Read More

We demonstrate near-atomic-resolution Bragg diffraction from aerosolized single granulovirus crystals using an x-ray free-electron laser. The form of the aerosol injector is nearly identical to conventional liquid-microjet nozzles, but the x-ray-scattering background is reduced by several orders of magnitude by the use of helium carrier gas rather than liquid. This approach provides a route to study the weak diffuse or lattice-transform signal arising from small crystals. Read More

Electron pairing in the vast majority of superconductors follows the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory of superconductivity, which describes the condensation of electrons into pairs with antiparallel spins in a singlet state with an s-wave symmetry. Unconventional superconductivity is predicted in single layer graphene where the electrons pair with a p-wave or chiral d-wave symmetry, depending on the position of the Fermi energy with respect to the Dirac point. By placing single layer graphene on an electron-doped (non-chiral) d-wave superconductor and performing local scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, here we show evidence for a p-wave triggered superconducting density of states in single layer graphene. Read More

Strontium optical lattice clocks have the potential to simultaneously interrogate millions of atoms with a spectroscopic quality factor $Q\approx 4\times 10^{17}$. Previously, atomic interactions have forced a compromise between clock stability, which benefits from a large atom number, and accuracy, which suffers from density-dependent frequency shifts. Here, we demonstrate a scalable solution which takes advantage of the high, correlated density of a degenerate Fermi gas in a three-dimensional optical lattice to guard against on-site interaction shifts. Read More

In their 1968 paper Fujita and Watanabe considered the issue of uniqueness of the trivial solution of semilinear parabolic equations with respect to the class of bounded, non-negative solutions. In particular they showed that if the underlying ODE has non-unique solutions (as characterised via an Osgood-type condition) {\em and} the nonlinearity $f$ satisfies a concavity condition, then the parabolic PDE also inherits the non-uniqueness property. This concavity assumption has remained in place either implicitly or explicitly in all subsequent work in the literature relating to this and other, similar, non-uniqueness phenomena in parabolic equations. Read More

The reactions $\gamma p\to \eta p$ and $\gamma p\to \eta' p$ have been measured from their thresholds up to the center-of-mass energy $W=1.96$GeV with the tagged-photon facilities at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. Differential cross sections were obtained with unprecedented accuracy, providing fine energy binning and full production-angle coverage. Read More

Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) crystals, as direct-gap materials with unusually strong light-matter interaction, have attracted much recent attention. In contrast to the initial understanding, the minima of the conduction band are predicted to be spin split. Because of this splitting and the spin-polarized character of the valence bands, the lowest-lying excitonic states in WX2 (X=S, Se) are expected to be spin-forbidden and optically dark. Read More

In this paper we give a simple proof of the existence of global-in-time smooth solutions for the convective Brinkman-Forchheimer equations (also called in the literature the tamed Navier-Stokes equations) $$ \partial_tu -\mu\Delta u + (u \cdot \nabla)u + \nabla p + \alpha u + \beta|u|^{r - 1}u = 0 $$ on a $3$D periodic domain, for values of the absorption exponent $r$ larger than $3$. Furthermore, we prove that global, regular solutions exist also for the critical value of exponent $r = 3$, provided that the coefficients satisfy the relation $4\mu\beta \geq 1$. Additionally, we show that in the critical case every weak solution verifies the energy equality and hence is continuous into the phase space $L^2$. Read More

The Dalitz decay pi^0 -> e^+e^-gamma has been measured in the gamma p -> pi^0 p reaction with the A2 tagged-photon facility at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. The value obtained for the slope parameter of the pi^0 electromagnetic transition form factor, a_pi = 0.030+/-0. Read More

We study the incompressible Euler equations on the whole space $\mathbb{R}^3$ and on the torus $\mathbb{T}^3$. We make use of some of the arguments of Duchon & Robert ({Nonlinearity} {13} (2000) 249--255) to prove energy conservation under the assumption that $u\in L^3(0,T;L^3(\mathbb{R}^3))$ and one of the two the purely spatial conditions \begin{equation*} \lim_{|y|\to 0}\frac{1}{|y|}\int^T_0\int_{\mathbb{R}^3} |u(x+y)-u(x)|^3\mathrm{d} x\mathrm{d} t=0 \int_0^T\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}\frac{|u(x)-u(y)|^3}{|x-y|^{4+\delta}}\,\mathrm{d} x\,\mathrm{d} y<\infty, which is equivalent to requiring $u\in L^3(0,T;W^{\alpha,3}(\mathbb{R}^3))$ for some $\alpha>1/3$. Read More

Inverse classification is the process of perturbing an instance in a meaningful way such that it is more likely to conform to a specific class. Historical methods that address such a problem are often framed to leverage only a single classifier, or specific set of classifiers. These works are often accompanied by naive assumptions. Read More

The Dalitz decays eta -> e^+e^-g and omega -> pi^0 e^+e^- have been measured in the g p -> eta p and g p -> omega p reactions, respectively, with the A2 tagged-photon facility at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. The value obtained for the slope parameter of the electromagnetic transition form factor of eta, Lambda^{-2}_eta=(1.97+/-0. Read More

The theory of superconductivity developed by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer (BCS) explains the stabilization of electron pairs into a spin-singlet, even frequency, state by the formation of an energy gap within which the density of states is zero. At a superconductor interface with an inhomogeneous ferromagnet, a gapless odd frequency superconducting state is predicted, in which the Cooper pairs are in a spin-triplet state. Although indirect evidence for such a state has been obtained, the gap structure and pairing symmetry have not so far been determined. Read More

Observing the motion of the nuclear wavepackets during a molecular reaction, in both space and time, is crucial for understanding and controlling the outcome of photoinduced chemical reactions. We have imaged the motion of a vibrational wavepacket in isolated iodine molecules using ultrafast electron diffraction with relativistic electrons. The time-varying interatomic distance was measured with a precision 0. Read More

Time-resolved femtosecond x-ray diffraction patterns from laser-excited molecular iodine are used to create a movie of intramolecular motion with time and space resolution of $30~$fs and $0.3$ \AA . The high spatial fidelity is due to interference between the moving excitation and the static initial charge distribution. Read More

As charge carriers traverse a single superconductor ferromagnet interface they experience an additional spin-dependent phase angle which results in spin mixing and the formation of a bound state called the Andreev Bound State. This state is an essential component in the generation of long range spin triplet proximity induced superconductivity and yet the factors controlling the degree of spin mixing and the formation of the bound state remain elusive. Here we demonstrate that point contact Andreev reflection can be used to detect the bound state and extract the resulting spin mixing angle. Read More

High statistics measurements of the photon asymmetry $\mathrm{\Sigma}$ for the $\overrightarrow{\gamma}$p$\rightarrow\pi^{0}$p reaction have been made in the center of mass energy range W=1214-1450 MeV. The data were measured with the MAMI A2 real photon beam and Crystal Ball/TAPS detector systems in Mainz, Germany. The results significantly improve the existing world data and are shown to be in good agreement with previous measurements, and with the MAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina predictions. Read More

In this work, low-energy electron microscopy is employed to probe structural as well as electronic information in few-layer WSe$_2$ on epitaxial graphene on SiC. The emergence of unoccupied states in the WSe$_2$--graphene heterostructures are studied using spectroscopic low-energy electron reflectivity. Reflectivity minima corresponding to specific WSe$_2$ states that are localized between the monolayers of each vertical heterostructure are shown to reveal the number of layers for each point on the surface. Read More

Inverse classification is the process of manipulating an instance such that it is more likely to conform to a specific class. Past methods that address such a problem have shortcomings. Greedy methods make changes that are overly radical, often relying on data that is strictly discrete. Read More

In 1933, Meissner and Ochsenfeld reported the expulsion of magnetic flux, the diamagnetic Meissner effect, from the interior of superconducting lead. This discovery was crucial in formulating the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity. In exotic superconducting systems BCS theory does not strictly apply. Read More

In most biological tissues, light scattering due to small differences in refractive index limits the depth of optical imaging systems. Two-photon microscopy (2PM), which significantly reduces the scattering of the excitation light, has emerged as the most common method to image deep within scattering biological tissue. This technique, however, requires high-power pulsed lasers that are both expensive and difficult to integrate into compact portable systems. Read More

Measuring how the magnetic correlations throughout the Brillouin zone evolve in a Mott insulator as charges are introduced dramatically improved our understanding of the pseudogap, non-Fermi liquids and high $T_C$ superconductivity. Recently, photoexcitation has been used to induce similarly exotic states transiently. However, understanding how these states emerge has been limited because of a lack of available probes of magnetic correlations in the time domain, which hinders further investigation of how light can be used to control the properties of solids. Read More

We present the largest kinship recognition dataset to date, Families in the Wild (FIW). Motivated by the lack of a single, unified dataset for kinship recognition, we aim to provide a dataset that captivates the interest of the research community. With only a small team, we were able to collect, organize, and label over 10,000 family photos of 1,000 families with our annotation tool designed to mark complex hierarchical relationships and local label information in a quick and efficient manner. Read More

Substrate-transferred crystalline coatings have recently emerged as a groundbreaking new concept in optical interference coatings. Building upon our initial demonstration of this technology, we have now realized significant improvements in the limiting optical performance of these novel single-crystal $GaAs/Al_{x}Ga_{1-x}As$ multilayers. In the near-infrared (NIR), for coating center wavelengths spanning 1064 to 1560 nm, we have reduced the excess optical losses (scatter + absorption) to levels as low as 3 parts per million, enabling the realization of a cavity finesse exceeding $3\times 10^{5}$ at the telecom-relevant wavelength range near 1550 nm. Read More

This paper establishes the local-in-time existence and uniqueness of solutions to the viscous, non-resistive magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equations in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d=2,3$, with initial data $B_0\in H^s(\mathbb{R}^d)$ and $u_0\in H^{s-1+\varepsilon}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for $s>d/2$ and any $0<\varepsilon<1$. The proof relies on maximal regularity estimates for the Stokes equation. The obstruction to taking $\varepsilon=0$ is explained by the failure of solutions of the heat equation with initial data $u_0\in H^{s-1}$ to satisfy $u\in L^1(0,T;H^{s+1})$; we provide an explicit example of this phenomenon. Read More

We study the continuity of pullback and uniform attractors for non-autonomous dynamical systems with respect to perturbations of a parameter. Consider a family of dynamical systems parameterised by a complete metric space $\Lambda$ such that for each $\lambda\in\Lambda$ there exists a unique pullback attractor $\mathcal A_\lambda(t)$. Using the theory of Baire category we show under natural conditions that there exists a residual set $\Lambda_*\subseteq\Lambda$ such that for every $t\in\mathbb R$ the function $\lambda\mapsto\mathcal A_\lambda(t)$ is continuous at each $\lambda\in\Lambda_*$ with respect to the Hausdorff metric. Read More

We demonstrate theoretically all-electric control of the superconducting transition temperature using a device comprised of a conventional superconductor, a ferromagnetic insulator, and semiconducting layers with intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. By using analytical calculations and numerical simulations, we show that the transition temperature of such a device can be controlled by electric gating which alters the ratio of Rashba to Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling. The results offer a new pathway to control superconductivity in spintronic devices. Read More

In this note we discuss the diffusive, vector-valued Burgers equations in a three-dimensional domain with periodic boundary conditions. We prove that given initial data in $H^{1/2}$ these equations admit a unique global solution that becomes classical immediately after the initial time. To prove local existence, we follow as closely as possible an argument giving local existence for the Navier--Stokes equations. Read More

We present first-principles calculations of the vibrational properties of the transition metal dichalcogenide 1T-TaS$_2$ for various thicknesses in the high-temperature (undistorted) phase and the low-temperature commensurate charge density wave (CDW) phase. We also present measurements of the Raman spectra for bulk, few-layer, and monolayer samples at temperatures well below that of the bulk transition to the commensurate phase. Through our calculations, we identify the low-frequency folded-back acoustic modes as a convenient signature of the commensurate CDW wave structure in vibrational spectra. Read More

The spectrum of two-dimensional (2D) materials beyond graphene offers a remarkable platform to study new phenomena in condensed matter physics. Among these materials, layered hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), with its wide bandgap energy (~5.0-6. Read More

Total cross sections, angular distributions, and invariant-mass distributions have been measured for the photoproduction of $\pi^0\pi^0$ pairs off free protons and off nucleons bound in the deuteron. The experiments were performed at the MAMI accelerator facility in Mainz using the Glasgow photon tagging spectrometer and the Crystal Ball/TAPS detector. The accelerator delivered electron beams of 1508 and 1557~MeV, which produced bremsstrahlung in thin radiator foils. Read More

In this paper we describe matching mechanisms for a real-time computational resource exchange market, Chital, that incentivizes participating clients to perform computation for their peers in exchange for overall improved performance. The system is designed to discourage dishonest behavior via a credit system, while simultaneously minimizing the use of dedicated computing servers and the number of verifications performed by the administrating servers. We describe the system in the context of a pre-existing system (under development), Vedalia \cite{715Project}, for analyzing and visualizing product reviews, by using machine learning such as topic models. Read More

In this project we outline Vedalia, a high performance distributed network for performing inference on latent variable models in the context of Amazon review visualization. We introduce a new model, RLDA, which extends Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) [Blei et al., 2003] for the review space by incorporating auxiliary data available in online reviews to improve modeling while simultaneously remaining compatible with pre-existing fast sampling techniques such as [Yao et al. Read More

In this project we outline a modularized, scalable system for comparing Amazon products in an interactive and informative way using efficient latent variable models and dynamic visualization. We demonstrate how our system can build on the structure and rich review information of Amazon products in order to provide a fast, multifaceted, and intuitive comparison. By providing a condensed per-topic comparison visualization to the user, we are able to display aggregate information from the entire set of reviews while providing an interface that is at least as compact as the "most helpful reviews" currently displayed by Amazon, yet far more informative. Read More

Imaging changes in molecular geometries on their natural femtosecond timescale with sub-Angstrom spatial precision is one of the critical challenges in the chemical sciences, since the nuclear geometry changes determine the molecular reactivity. For photoexcited molecules, the nuclear dynamics determine the photoenergy conversion path and efficiency. We performed a gas-phase electron diffraction experiment using Megaelectronvolt (MeV) electrons, where we captured the rotational wavepacket dynamics of nonadiabatically laser-aligned nitrogen molecules. Read More

Traditional studies that combine spintronics and superconductivity have mainly focused on the injection of spin-polarized quasiparticles into superconducting materials. However, a complete synergy between superconducting and magnetic orders turns out to be possible through the creation of spin-triplet Cooper pairs, which are generated at carefully engineered superconductor interfaces with ferromagnetic materials. Currently, there is intense activity focused on identifying materials combinations that merge superconductivity and spintronics to enhance device functionality and performance. Read More

Graphene-covered copper surfaces have been exposed to borazine, (BH)3(NH)3, with the resulting surfaces characterized by low-energy electron microscopy. Although the intent of the experiment was to form hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) on top of the graphene, such layers were not obtained. Rather, in isolated surface areas, h-BN is found to form micrometer-size islands that substitute for the graphene. Read More

Considerable evidence for proximity-induced triplet superconductivity on the ferromagnetic side of a superconductor-ferromagnet (S-F) interface now exists; however, the corresponding effect on the superconductor side has hardly been addressed. We have performed scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements on NbN superconducting thin films proximity coupled to the half-metallic ferromagnet La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (LCMO) as a function of magnetic field. We have found that at zero and low applied magnetic fields the tunneling spectra on NbN typically show an anomalous gap structure with suppressed coherence peaks and, in some cases, a zero-bias conductance peak. Read More

Photoproduction of $\pi\eta$-pairs from nucleons has been investigated from threshold up to incident photon energies of $\approx$~1.4~GeV. The quasi-free reactions $\gamma p\rightarrow p\pi^0\eta$, $\gamma n\rightarrow n\pi^0\eta$, $\gamma p\rightarrow n\pi^+\eta$, and $\gamma n\rightarrow p\pi^-\eta$ were for the first time measured from nucleons bound in the deuteron. Read More

Magnetic inhomogeneity at a superconductor (S)/ferromagnet (F) interface converts spin-singlet Cooper pairs into spin-one triplet pairs. These pairs are immune to the pair-breaking exchange field in F and support a long-range proximity effect. Although recent experiments have confirmed the existence of spin-polarised triplet supercurrents in S-F-S Josephson junctions, reversible control of the supercurrent has been impossible because of the robust pre-configured nature of the inhomogeneity. Read More

Thin film magnetic heterostructures with competing interfacial coupling and Zeeman energy pro- vide a fertile ground to study phase transition between different equilibrium states as a function of external magnetic field and temperature. A rare-earth (RE) / transition metal (TM) ferro- magnetic multilayer is a classic example where the magnetic state is determined by a competition between the Zeeman energy and antiferromagnetic interfacial exchange coupling energy. Techno- logically, such structures offer the possibility to engineer the macroscopic magnetic response by tuning the microscopic interactions between the layers. Read More

Static strain in complex oxide heterostructures has been extensively used to engineer electronic and magnetic properties at equilibrium. In the same spirit, deformations of the crystal lattice with light may be used to achieve functional control across hetero-interfaces dynamically. Here, by exciting large amplitude infrared-active vibrations in a LaAlO3 substrate we induce magnetic order melting in a NdNiO3 film across a hetero-interface. Read More

Vertical integration of two-dimensional van der Waals materials is predicted to lead to novel electronic and optical properties not found in the constituent layers. Here, we present the direct synthesis of two unique, atomically thin, multi-junction heterostructures by combining graphene with the monolayer transition-metal dichalocogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, and WSe2.The realization of MoS2-WSe2-Graphene and WSe2-MoSe2-Graphene heterostructures leads toresonant tunneling in an atomically thin stack with spectrally narrow room temperature negative differential resistance characteristics. Read More

If $u$ is a smooth solution of the Navier--Stokes equations on ${\mathbb R}^3$ with first blowup time $T$, we prove lower bounds for $u$ in the Sobolev spaces $\dot H^{3/2}$, $\dot H^{5/2}$, and the Besov space $\dot B^{5/2}_{2,1}$, with optimal rates of blowup: we prove the strong lower bounds $\|u(t)\|_{\dot H^{3/2}}\ge c(T-t)^{-1/2}$ and $\|u(t)\|_{\dot B^{5/2}_{2,1}}\ge c(T-t)^{-1}$, but in $\dot H^{5/2}$ we only obtain the weaker result $\limsup_{t\to T^-}(T-t)\|u(t)\|_{\dot H^{5/2}}\ge c$. The proofs involve new inequalities for the nonlinear term in Sobolev and Besov spaces, both of which are obtained using a dyadic decomposition of $u$. Read More

In this paper we prove the existence of solutions to the viscous, non-resistive magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equations on the whole of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, $n=2,3$, for divergence-free initial data in certain Besov spaces, namely $\boldsymbol{u}_{0} \in B^{n/2-1}_{2,1}$ and $\boldsymbol{B}_{0} \in B^{n/2}_{2,1}$. The a priori estimates include the term $\int_{0}^{t} \| \boldsymbol{u}(s) \|_{H^{n/2}}^{2} \, \mathrm{d} s$ on the right-hand side, which thus requires an auxiliary bound in $H^{n/2-1}$. In 2D, this is simply achieved using the standard energy inequality; but in 3D an auxiliary estimate in $H^{1/2}$ is required, which we prove using the splitting method of Calder\'on (Trans. Read More

We use femtosecond resonant soft x-ray diffraction to measure the optically stimulated ultrafast changes of charge density wave correlations in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.6. We find that when coherent interlayer transport is enhanced by optical excitation of the apical oxygen distortions, at least 50% of the in-plane charge density wave order is melted. Read More

The evolution of a magnetic domain structure upon excitation by an intense, femtosecond Infra-Red (IR) laser pulse has been investigated using single-shot based time-resolved resonant X-ray scattering at the X-ray Free Electron laser LCLS. A well-ordered stripe domain pattern as present in a thin CoPd alloy film has been used as prototype magnetic domain structure for this study. The fluence of the IR laser pump pulse was sufficient to lead to an almost complete quenching of the magnetization within the ultrafast demagnetization process taking place within the first few hundreds of femtoseconds following the IR laser pump pulse excitation. Read More

Disks moving in a narrow channel have many features in common with the glassy behavior of hard spheres in three dimensions. In this paper we study the caging behavior of the disks which sets in at characteristic packing fraction $\phi_d$. Four-point overlap functions similar to those studied when investigating dynamical heterogeneities have been determined from event driven molecular dynamics simulations and the time dependent dynamical length scale has been extracted from them. Read More