# J. Rathsman - Uppsala University

## Contact Details

NameJ. Rathsman |
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AffiliationUppsala University |
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CityUppsala |
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CountrySweden |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50) High Energy Physics - Experiment (3) High Energy Physics - Theory (1) Nuclear Experiment (1) Nuclear Theory (1) |

## Publications Authored By J. Rathsman

In this note we give interim recommendations on how to evaluate LHC cross sections for (neutral) Higgs production and Higgs branching ratios in the general (CP-conserving) Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM). The current status of available higher-order corrections to Higgs production and decay in this model is discussed, and the existing public codes implementing these calculations are described. Numerical results are presented for a set of reference scenarios, demonstrating the very good agreement between the results obtained using different programs. Read More

We analyze a model for the Higgs sector with two scalar doublets and a $Z_2$ symmetry that is manifest in the Yukawa sector but broken in the potential. Thus, one of the doublets breaks the electroweak symmetry and has tree-level Yukawa couplings to fermions, whereas the other doublet has no vacuum expectation value and no tree-level couplings to fermions. Since the $Z_2$ parity is broken the two doublets can mix, which leads to a distinct and novel phenomenology. Read More

We consider a model for the Higgs sector with two scalar doublets and a broken $Z_2$ symmetry, the Stealth Doublet Model, where the $Z_2$ symmetry is manifest in the Yukawa sector but broken by the scalar potential. This model can be seen as a generalization of the Inert Doublet Model. One of the doublets is the Higgs doublet that participates in electroweak symmetry breaking and couples to fermions. Read More

We analysis the constraints of the general two Higgs doublet models via evolving the Yukawa coupling constants to high energy under renormalization group. We consider the appearance of a Landau pole or large off-diagonal Yukawa couplings which cause tree level flavour changing neutral currents. Our study shows the latter condition can be used to answer that how much $Z_2$ symmetry breaking can be allowed in a given 2HDM model. Read More

We revisit diffractive and exclusive W production at hadron colliders in different models for soft colour exchanges. The process pp to p[WX]p, and in particular a W charge asymmetry, has been suggested as a way to discriminate diffractive processes as being due to pomeron exchange in Regge phenomenology or QCD-based colour reconnection models. Our detailed analysis of the latter models at LHC energies shows, however, that they give similar results as pomeron models for very leading protons and central W production, including a vanishing W charge asymmetry. Read More

In the Next-to-Minimal SuperSymmetric Model (NMSSM) the lightest CP-odd Higgs bosons (a1) can be very light. As a consequence, in addition to the standard charged Higgs boson (h+) decays considered in the MSSM for a light charged Higgs (m_h+ < m_t), the branching fraction for h+ to a1 W can be dominant. We investigate how this signal can be searched for in t tbar production at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the case that m_a1 \gtrsim 2m_B with the a1 giving rise to a single b bbar-jet and discuss to what extent the LHC experiments are able to discover such a scenario with an integrated luminosity \sim 20 fb-1. Read More

We study how general two Higgs doublet models can be constrained by considering their properties under renormalization group evolution of the Yukawa couplings. We take into account both the appearance of a Landau pole as well as off-diagonal Yukawa couplings leading to flavour changing neutral currents in violation with experimental constraints at the electroweak scale. We find that the latter condition can be used to limit the amount of Z2 symmetry breaking allowed in a given model. Read More

We present the program 2HDMC and how it can be used to explore the physics of general CP conserving two Higgs doublet models. Read More

New fundamental particles, charged under new gauge groups and only weakly coupled to the standard sector, could exist at fairly low energy scales. In this article we study a selection of such models, where the secluded group either contains a softly broken U(1) or an unbroken SU(N). In the Abelian case new {\gamma}v gauge bosons can be radiated off and decay back into visible particles. Read More

We consider scenarios in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) where the CP-odd and charged Higgs bosons are very light. As we demonstrate, these can be obtained as simple deformations of existing phenomenological MSSM benchmarks scenarios with parameters defined at the weak scale. This offers a direct and meaningful comparison to the MSSM case. Read More

At the Large Hadron Collider, we prove the feasibility to detect pair production of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson h of a Type II 2-Higgs Doublet Model through the process q \bar q' --> Vhh (Higgs-strahlung, V=W+-,Z), in presence of two h --> b \bar b decays. We also show that, through such production and decay channels, one has direct access to the following Higgs self-couplings, thus enabling one to distinguish between a standard and the Supersymmetric version of the above model: lambda_(Hhh) -- which constrains the form of the Higgs potential -- as well as lambda_(W+- H+- h) and lambda_(Z A h) -- which are required by gauge invariance. Unfortunately, such claims cannot be extended to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, where the extraction of the same signals is impossible. Read More

This manual describes the public code 2HDMC which can be used to perform calculations in a general, CP-conserving, two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). The program features simple conversion between different parametrizations of the 2HDM potential, a flexible Yukawa sector specification with choices of different Z_2-symmetries or more general couplings, a tree-level decay library including all two-body - and some three-body - decay modes for the Higgs bosons, and the possibility to calculate observables of interest for constraining the 2HDM parameter space, as well as theoretical constraints from positivity and unitarity. The latest version of the 2HDMC code and full documentation is available from: http://www. Read More

We present a new model, based on colour rearrangements, which at the same time can describe both hidden and open charm production in B-meson decays. The model is successfully compared to both inclusive decays, such as B to J/psi X and B to D_s X, as well as exclusive ones, such as B to J/psi K^(*) and B to D^(*) D^(*)K. It also gives a good description of the momentum distribution of direct J/psi's, especially in the low-momentum region, which earlier has been claimed as a possible signal for new exotic states. Read More

The JEWEL 1.0 Monte Carlo simulates jet evolution in a medium with a microscopic description of splitting and scattering processes. In the framework of this model we investigate the transverse momentum broadening due to medium effects in different scenarios. Read More

We have developed the Monte Carlo simulation program JEWEL 1.0 (Jet Evolution With Energy Loss), which interfaces a perturbative final state parton shower with medium effects occurring in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. This is done by comparing for each jet fragment the probability of further perturbative splitting with the density-dependent probability of scattering with the medium. Read More

**Authors:**S. Dawson, M. Grazzini, A. Nikitenko, M. Schumacher, N. E. Adam, T. Aziz, J. R. Andersen, A. Belyaev, T. Binoth, S. Catani, M. Ciccolini, J. E. Cole, S. Dawson, A. Denner, S. Dittmaier, A. Djouadi, M. Drees, U. Ellwanger, C. Englert, T. Figy, E. Gabrielli, D. Giordano, S. Gleyzer, R. Godbole, M. Grazzini, S. Greder, V. Halyo, M. Hashemi, S. Heinemeyer, G. Heinrich, M. Herquet, S. Hesselbach, C. Hugonie, C. B. Jackson, N. Kauer, R. Kinnunen, S. F. King, S. Lehti, F. Maltoni, B. Mele, P. Mertsch, M. Moretti, S. Moretti, M. Muhlleitner, A. K. Nayak, A. Nikitenko, C. Oleari, F. Piccinini, R. Pittau, J. Rathsman, I. Rottlaender, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, M. Schumacher, J. M. Smillie, A. Sopczak, M. Spira, M. Takahashi, A. M. Teixeira, I. R. Tomalin, M. Vazquez Acosta, G. Weiglein, C. D. White, D. Zeppenfeld

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Report of the Working Group on Higgs Bosons for the Workshop, ``Physics at TeV Colliders'', Les Houches, France, 11-29 June, 2007. Read More

The quark-gluon plasma (QGP) can be explored in relativistic heavy ion collisions by the jet quenching signature, i.e. by the energy loss of a high energy quark or gluon traversing the plasma. Read More

**Authors:**S. Abreu, S. V. Akkelin, J. Alam, J. L. Albacete, A. Andronic, D. Antonov, F. Arleo, N. Armesto, I. C. Arsene, G. G. Barnafoldi, J. Barrette, B. Bauchle, F. Becattini, B. Betz, M. Bleicher, M. Bluhm, D. Boer, F. W. Bopp, P. Braun-Munzinger, L. Bravina, W. Busza, M. Cacciari, A. Capella, J. Casalderrey-Solana, R. Chatterjee, L. -W. Chen, J. Cleymans, B. A. Cole, Z. Conesa Del Valle, L. P. Csernai, L. Cunqueiro, A. Dainese, J. Dias de Deus H. -T. Ding, M. Djordjevic, H. Drescher, I. M. Dremin A. Dumitru, A. El, R. Engel, D. d'Enterria, K. J. Eskola, G. Fai, E. G. Ferreiro, R. J. Fries, E. Frodermann, H. Fujii, C. Gale, F. Gelis, V. P. Goncalves, V. Greco, C. Greiner, M. Gyulassy, H. van Hees, U. Heinz, H. Honkanen, W. A. Horowitz, E. Iancu, G. Ingelman, J. Jalilian-Marian, S. Jeon, A. B. Kaidalov, B. Kampfer, Z. -B. Kang, Iu. A. Karpenko, G. Kestin, D. Kharzeev, C. M. Ko, B. Koch, B. Kopeliovich, M. Kozlov, I. Kraus, I. Kuznetsova, S. H. Lee, R. Lednicky, J. Letessier, E. Levin, B. -A. Li, Z. -W. Lin, H. Liu, W. Liu, C. Loizides, I. P. Lokhtin, M. V. T. Machado, L. V. Malinina, A. M. Managadze, M. L. Mangano, M. Mannarelli, C. Manuel, G. Martinez, J. G. Milhano, A. Mocsy, D. Molnar, M. Nardi, J. K. Nayak, H. Niemi, H. Oeschler, J. -Y. Ollitrault, G. Paic, C. Pajares, V. S. Pantuev, G. Papp, D. Peressounko, P. Petreczky, S. V. Petrushanko, F. Piccinini, T. Pierog, H. J. Pirner, S. Porteboeuf, I. Potashnikova, G. Y. Qin, J. -W. Qiu, J. Rafelski, K. Rajagopal, J. Ranft, R. Rapp, S. S. Rasanen, J. Rathsman, P. Rau, K. Redlich, T. Renk, A. H. Rezaeian, D. Rischke, S. Roesler, J. Ruppert, P. V. Ruuskanen, C. A. Salgado, S. Sapeta, I. Sarcevic, S. Sarkar, L. I. Sarycheva, I. Schmidt, A. I. Shoshi, B. Sinha, Yu. M. Sinyukov, A. M. Snigirev, D. K. Srivastava, J. Stachel, A. Stasto, H. Stocker, C. Yu. Teplov, R. L. Thews, G. Torrieri, V. Topor Pop, D. N. Triantafyllopoulos, K. L. Tuchin, S. Turbide, K. Tywoniuk, A. Utermann, R. Venugopalan, I. Vitev, R. Vogt, E. Wang, X. N. Wang, K. Werner, E. Wessels, S. Wheaton, S. Wicks, U. A. Wiedemann, G. Wolschin, B. -W. Xiao, Z. Xu, S. Yasui, E. Zabrodin, K. Zapp, B. Zhang, B. -W. Zhang, H. Zhang, D. Zhou

This writeup is a compilation of the predictions for the forthcoming Heavy Ion Program at the Large Hadron Collider, as presented at the CERN Theory Institute 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions', held from May 14th to June 10th 2007. Read More

To properly discover a charged Higgs Boson ($H^\pm$) requires its spin and couplings to be determined. We investigate how to utilize $\ttbar$ spin correlations to analyze the $H^\pm$ couplings in the decay $t\to bH^+\to b\tau^+\nu_\tau$. Within the framework of a general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model, we obtain results on the spin analyzing coefficients for this decay and study in detail its spin phenomenology, focusing on the limits of large and small values for $\tan\beta$. Read More

We investigate the associated production of charged Higgs bosons (H^\pm) and W bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, using the leptonic decay H^+ -> tau^+ nu_tau and hadronic W decay, within different scenarios of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with both real and complex parameters. Performing a parton level study we show how the irreducible Standard Model background from W + 2 jets can be controlled by applying appropriate cuts. In the standard m_h^max scenario we find a viable signal for large tan beta and intermediate H^\pm masses (~ m_t). Read More

We investigate the viability of observing charged Higgs bosons (H^\pm) produced in association with W bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, using the leptonic decay H^+ -> tau^+ nu_tau and hadronic W decay, within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Performing a parton level study we show how the irreducible Standard Model background from W + 2 jets can be controlled by applying appropriate cuts. In the standard m_h^max scenario we find a viable signal for large tan beta and intermediate H^\pm masses (~ m_t). Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Southampton U.,

^{2}Southampton U. and Orsay, LPT,

^{3}Uppsala U.,

^{4}Uppsala U. and Lancaster U.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We report on detailed Monte Carlo comparisons of selection variables to separate tbH+ signal events from the Standard Model ttbar background using an Iterative Discriminant Analysis (IDA) method. While kinematic differences exist between the two processes whenever m(H+).ne. Read More

Higgs boson production in association with a high pT photon at the CERN Large Hadron Collider is analyzed, in the framework of the MSSM model, for the heavier neutral Higgs bosons. The request of an additional photon in the exclusive Higgs boson final state selects b-quark pairs among the possible initial partonic states, since gluon-gluon initial states are not allowed by C-parity conservation. Hence, the measurement of cross sections for neutral Higgs boson plus photon production can provide a clean probe of the b-quark density in the proton as well as of the b-quark Yukawa coupling. Read More

At the Large Hadron Collider, we prove the feasibility to detect pair production of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson $h$ of Type II 2-Higgs Doublet Models through $q q^{(')}\to q q^{(')} {hh}$ (vector-boson fusion). We also show that, through the $hh\to 4b$ decay channel in presence of heavy-flavour tagging, further exploiting forward/backward jet sampling, one has direct access to the $\lambda_{Hhh}$ triple Higgs coupling -- which constrains the form of the Higgs potential. Read More

A strong suppression of non-photonic electrons in Au+Au collisions is observed at RHIC. This is in disagreement with the expected dominance of the energy loss via gluon radiation, which predicts a much weaker suppression of heavy flavours due to the dead cone effect. However, collisional energy loss is also important, as demonstrated recently by the Soft Colour Interaction Jet Quenching model. Read More

We investigate the viability of observing charged Higgs bosons (H^+/-) produced in association with W bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, using the leptonic decay H^+ -> tau^+ nu_tau and hadronic W-decay, within different scenarios of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with both real and complex parameters. Performing a parton level study we show how the irreducible Standard Model background from W+2 jets can be controlled by applying appropriate cuts and find that the size of a possible signal depends on the cuts needed to suppress QCD backgrounds and misidentifications. In the standard maximal mixing scenario of the MSSM we find a viable signal for large tan(beta) and intermediate H^+/- masses (~m_t) when using optimistic cuts whereas for more pessimistic ones we only find a viable signal for very large tan(beta) (>~50). Read More

**Authors:**U. Aglietti, A. Belyaev, S. Berge, A. Blum, R. Bonciani, J. Cammin, M. Carena, S. Chivukula, H. Davoudiasl, S. Dawson, G. Degrassi, A. Dominguez, J. Donini, T. Dorigo, B. J. Field, T. Hahn, T. Han, S. Heinemeyer, S. Hesselbach, G. -Y. Huang, I. Iashvilli, C. B. Jackson, T. Junk, S. -W. Lee, H. E. Logan, F. Maltoni, B. Mellado, S. Moretti, S. Mrenna, P. M. Nadolsky, F. I. Olness, W. Quayle, J. Rathsman, L. Reina, E. H. Simmons, A. Sopczak, A. Vicini, D. Wackeroth, C. E. M. Wagner, G. Weiglein, G. Weiglein, S. Willenbrock, S. L. Wu, C. P. Yuan

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The search for Higgs bosons in both the standard model and its extensions is well under way at the Tevatron. As the integrated luminosity collected increases into the multiple inverse femptobarn range, these searches are becoming very interesting indeed. Meanwhile, the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and its associated experiments at CERN are nearing completion. Read More

**Authors:**B. C. Allanach

^{1}, C. Grojean

^{2}, P. Skands

^{3}, E. Accomando, G. Azuelos, H. Baer, C. Balazs, G. Belanger, K. Benakli, F. Boudjema, B. Brelier, V. Bunichev, G. Cacciapaglia, M. Carena, D. Choudhury, P. -A. Delsart, U. De Sanctis, K. Desch, B. A. Dobrescu, L. Dudko, M. El Kacimi, U. Ellwanger, S. Ferrag, A. Finch, F. Franke, H. Fraas, A. Freitas, P. Gambino, N. Ghodbane, R. M. Godbole, D. Goujdami, Ph. Gris, J. Guasch, M. Guchait, T. Hahn, S. Heinemeyer, A. Hektor, S. Hesselbach, W. Hollik, C. Hugonie, T. Hurth, J. Idarraga, O. Jinnouchi, J. Kalinowski, J. -L. Kneur, S. Kraml, M. Kadastik, K. Kannike, R. Lafaye, G. Landsberg, T. Lari, J. S. Lee, J. Lykken, F. Mahmoudi, M. Mangano, A. Menon, D. J. Miller, T. Millet, C. Milstene, S. Montesano, F. Moortgat, G. Moortgat-Pick, S. Moretti, D. E. Morrissey, S. Muanza, M. M. Muhlleitner, M. Muntel, H. Nowak, T. Ohl, S. Penaranda, M. Perelstein, E. Perez, S. Perries, M. Peskin, J. Petzoldt, A. Pilaftsis, T. Plehn, G. Polesello, A. Pompos, W. Porod, H. Przysiezniak, A. Pukhov, M. Raidal, D. Rainwater, A. R. Raklev, J. Rathsman, J. Reuter, P. Richardson, S. D. Rindani, K. Rolbiecki, H. Rzehak, M. Schumacher, S. Schumann, A. Semenov, L. Serin, G. Servant, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, S. Sherstnev, L. Silvestrini, R. K. Singh, P. Slavich, M. Spira, A. Sopczak, K. Sridhar, L. Tompkins, C. Troncon, S. Tsuno, K. Wagh, C. E. M. Wagner, G. Weiglein, P. Wienemann, D. Zerwas, V. Zhukov

**Affiliations:**

^{1}ed.,

^{2}ed.,

^{3}ed.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The work contained herein constitutes a report of the "Beyond the Standard Model'' working group for the Workshop "Physics at TeV Colliders", Les Houches, France, 2-20 May, 2005. We present reviews of current topics as well as original research carried out for the workshop. Supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric models are studied, as well as computational tools designed in order to facilitate their phenomenology. Read More

We show that partons traversing a quark-gluon plasma can lose substantial amounts of energy also by scatterings, and not only through medium-induced radiation as mainly considered previously. Results from Monte Carlo simulations of soft interactions of partons, emerging from a hard scattering, through multiple elastic scatterings on gluons in an expanding relativistic plasma show a sizeable jet quenching which can account for a substantial part of the effect observed in RHIC data. Read More

We present a new method for matching the two twin-processes gb->H+/-t and gg->H+/-tb in Monte Carlo event generators. The matching is done by defining a double-counting term, which is used to generate events that are subtracted from the sum of these two twin-processes. In this way we get a smooth transition between the collinear region of phase space, which is best described by gb->H+/-t, and the hard region, which requires the use of the gg->H+/-tb process. Read More

**Authors:**K. A. Assamagan, M. Narain, A. Nikitenko, M. Spira, D. Zeppenfeld, J. Alwall, C. Balázs, T. Barklow, U. Baur, C. Biscarat, M. Bisset, E. Boos, G. Bozzi, O. Brein, J. Campbell, S. Catani, M. Ciccolini, K. Cranmer, A. Dahlhoff, S. Dawson, D. de Florian, A. De Roeck, V. Del Duca, S. Dittmaier, A. Djouadi, V. Drollinger, L. Dudko, M. Dührssen, U. Ellwanger, M. Escalier, Y. Q. Fang, S. Ferrag, J. R. Forshaw, M. Grazzini, J. Guasch, M. Guchait, J. F. Gunion, T. Hahn, R. Harlander, H. -J. He, S. Heinemeyer, J. Heyninck, W. Hollik, C. Hugonie, C. Jackson, N. Kauer, N. Kersting, V. Khoze, N. Kidonakis, R. Kinnunen, M. Krämer, Y. -P. Kuang, B. Laforge, S. Lehti, M. Lethuillier, J. Li, H. Logan, S. Lowette, F. Maltoni, R. Mazini, B. Mellado, F. Moortgat, S. Moretti, Z. Nagy, P. Nason, C. Oleari, S. Paganis, S. Penaranda, T. Plehn, W. Quayle, D. Rainwater, J. Rathsman, O. Ravat, L. Reina, A. Sabio Vera, A. Sopczak, Z. Trócsányi, P. Vanlaer, D. Wackeroth, G. Weiglein, S. Willenbrock, Sau Lan Wu, C. -P. Yuan, B. Zhang

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Theoretical progress in Higgs boson production and background processes is discussed with particular emphasis on QCD corrections at and beyond next-to-leading order as well as next-to-leading order electroweak corrections. The residual theoretical uncertainties of the investigated processes are estimated in detail. Moreover, recent investigations of the MSSM Higgs sector and other extensions of the SM Higgs sector are presented. Read More

**Authors:**Johan Alwall

^{1}, Catherine Biscarat

^{2}, Stefano Moretti

^{3}, Johan Rathsman

^{4}, Andre Sopczak

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Uppsala University, Sweden,

^{2}Lancaster University, UK,

^{3}Southampton University, UK,

^{4}Uppsala University, Sweden,

^{5}Lancaster University, UK

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Charged Higgs boson production in association with a top quark could be the first indication of the existence of Higgs particles. The Tevatron Run-II started data-taking in April 2001 at a centre-of-mass energy of 1960 GeV and could probe the existence of a charged Higgs boson beyond the current mass limit. We study the ppbar -> tbH^+/- production process with Monte Carlo simulations in HERWIG and PYTHIA, comparing expected cross sections and basic selection variables. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Southampton,

^{2}Uppsala

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We study the process gg -> b bbar H+ H- at large tan(beta), where it represents the dominant production mode of charged Higgs boson pairs in a Type II 2-Higgs Doublet Model, including the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. The ability to select this signal would in principle enable the measurements of some triple-Higgs couplings, which in turn would help understanding the structure of the extended Higgs sector. We outline a selection procedure that should aid in disentangling the Higgs signal from the main irreducible background. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}SLAC, Stanford University,

^{2}SLAC, Stanford University,

^{3}SLAC, Stanford University,

^{4}High Energy Physics, Uppsala University

The hadronic decays of the tau lepton can be used to determine the effective charge alpha_tau(m^2_tau') for a hypothetical tau-lepton with mass in the range 0 < m_tau' < m_tau. This definition provides a fundamental definition of the QCD coupling at low mass scales. We study the behavior of alpha_tau at low mass scales directly from first principles and without any renormalization-scheme dependence by looking at the experimental data from the OPAL Collaboration. Read More

Dressed Gluon Exponentiation (DGE) is used to calculate the thrust and the heavy-jet mass distributions in e+e- annihilation in the two-jet region. We perform a detailed analysis of power corrections, taking care of the effect of hadron masses on the measured observables. In DGE the Sudakov exponent is calculated in a renormalization-scale invariant way using renormalon resummation. Read More

Event-shape distributions in $e^+e^-$ annihilation offer a unique lab oratory for understanding perturbative and non-perturbative aspects of QCD. Dressed Gluon Exponentiation is a resummation method designed to evaluate differ ential cross sections close to a kinematic threshold and provide the basis for parametrization of power corrections. The method and its application in the case of the thrust and the heavy jet mass distributions in the two-jet region are briefly presented. Read More

The thrust distribution in e+e- annihilation is calculated exploiting its exponentiation property in the two-jet region t = 1-T << 1. We present a general method (DGE) to calculate a large class of logarithmically enhanced terms, using the dispersive approach in renormalon calculus. Dressed Gluon Exponentiation is based on the fact that the exponentiation kernel is associated primarily with a single gluon emission, and therefore the exponent is naturally represented as an integral over the running coupling. Read More

The use of conformal expansions for predictions in quantum chromodynamics is discussed as a way to avoid renormalization scheme and scale ambiguities, as well as factorial growth of perturbative coefficients due to renormalons. Special emphasis is given to the properties of an assumed skeleton expansion and its relation to the Banks-Zaks expansion. The relation of BLM scale-setting to the skeleton expansion is also discussed and new criteria for the applicability of BLM scale-setting are presented. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Nordita,

^{2}CERN

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We calculate the potential between two static quarks in QCD using modified boundary conditions for the perturbative expansion. Through a change of the Feynman iepsilon prescription we effectively add a "sea" of gluons to the asymptotic states with energies below a given scale Lambda. We find that the standard result for the static potential gets corrections of order Lambda^2/Q^2 both at small and large momentum transfers Q^2. Read More

We propose the asymmetry in the fractional energy of charm versus anticharm jets produced in high energy diffractive photoproduction as a sensitive test of the interference of the Odderon (C = -) and Pomeron (C = +) exchange amplitudes in QCD. If measured at HERA, this asymmetry could provide the first experimental evidence of the Odderon. Read More

We investigate the relation between a postulated skeleton expansion and the conformal limit of QCD. We begin by developing some consequences of an Abelian-like skeleton expansion, which allows one to disentangle running-coupling effects from the remaining skeleton coefficients. The latter are by construction renormalon-free, and hence hopefully better behaved. Read More

Diffractive deep inelastic scattering at HERA and diffractive W and jet production at the Tevatron are well described by soft colour exchange models. Their essence is the variation of colour string-field topologies giving both gap and no-gap events, with a smooth transition and thereby a unified description of all final states. Read More

Improved understanding of non-perturbative QCD dynamics can be obtained in terms of soft colour exchange models. Their essence is the variation of colour string-field topologies giving a unified description of final states in high energy interactions. In particular, both events with and without large rapidity gaps are obtained in agreement with data from ep at HERA and ppbar at the Tevatron, where also the surprisingly large production rate of high-p_T charmonium and bottomonium is reproduced. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}DESY Hamburg,

^{2}DESY Hamburg,

^{3}SLAC, Stanford

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The models for soft colour interactions and colour string re-interactions, implemented in the Monte Carlo program LEPTO, are investigated regarding hadronic final states in inclusive and diffractive deep inelastic scattering. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}SLAC,

^{2}SLAC

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Commensurate scale relations are perturbative QCD predictions which relate observable to observable at fixed relative scale, such as the "generalized Crewther relation", which connects the Bjorken and Gross-Llewellyn Smith deep inelastic scattering sum rules to measurements of the e+ e- annihilation cross section. We show how conformal symmetry provides a template for such QCD predictions, providing relations between observables which are present even in theories which are not scale invariant. All non-conformal effects are absorbed by fixing the ratio of the respective momentum transfer and energy scales. Read More

The interaction potential V(Q^2) between static test charges can be used to define an effective charge $\alpha_V(Q^2)$ and a physically-based renormalization scheme for quantum chromodynamics and other gauge theories. In this paper we use recent results for the finite-mass fermionic corrections to the heavy-quark potential at two-loops to derive the next-to-leading order term for the Gell Mann-Low function of the V-scheme. The resulting effective number of flavors $N_F(Q^2/m^2)$ in the $\alpha_V$ scheme is determined as a gauge-independent and analytic function of the ratio of the momentum transfer to the quark pole mass. Read More

We show that the asymmetry in the fractional energy of charm versus anticharm jets produced in high energy diffractive photoproduction is sensitive to the interference of the Odderon $(C = -)$ and Pomeron $(C = +)$ exchange amplitudes in QCD. We predict the dynamical shape of the asymmetry in a simple model and estimate its magnitude to be of the order 15% using an Odderon coupling to the proton which saturates constraints from proton-proton vs. proton-antiproton elastic scattering. Read More

A new model for hadronic string reinteractions based on a generalised area law is presented. The model describes both the hadronic final states in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and the diffractive structure function in deep inelastic scattering. The model also predicts a shift in the W-mass reconstructed from hadronic decays of W-pairs of the order 65 MeV. Read More

Commensurate scale relations are perturbative QCD predictions which relate observable to observable at fixed relative scale, such as the ``generalized Crewther relation", which connects the Bjorken and Gross-Llewellyn Smith deep inelastic scattering sum rules to measurements of the $e^+ e^-$ annihilation cross section. All non-conformal effects are absorbed by fixing the ratio of the respective momentum transfer and energy scales. In the case of fixed-point theories, commensurate scale relations relate both the ratio of couplings and the ratio of scales as the fixed point is approached. Read More

The conventional definition of the running coupling $\alpha_{\bar{MS}}(\mu)$ in quantum chromodynamics is based on a solution to the renormalization group equations which treats quarks as either completely massless at a renormalization scale $\mu$ above their thresholds or infinitely massive at a scale below them. The coupling is thus nonanalytic at these thresholds. In this paper we present an analytic extension of $\alpha_{\bar{MS}}(\mu)$ which incorporates the finite-mass quark threshold effects into the running of the coupling. Read More