J. R. Andersen - Boston, StarPlan

J. R. Andersen
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Name
J. R. Andersen
Affiliation
Boston, StarPlan
City
Boston
Country
United States

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (11)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (8)
 
Mathematical Physics (8)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (8)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (6)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (5)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (5)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (4)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (4)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (4)
 
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (3)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (3)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (3)
 
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (3)
 
Computer Science - Digital Libraries (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (2)
 
Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (1)
 
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By J. R. Andersen

Kontsevich and Soibelman reformulated and slightly generalised the topological recursion of math-ph/0702045, seeing it as a quantization of certain quadratic Lagrangians in $T^*V$ for some vector space $V$. KS topological recursion is a procedure which takes as initial data a quantum Airy structure -- a family of at most quadratic differential operators on $V$ satisfying some axioms -- and gives as outcome a formal series of functions in $V$ (the partition function) simultaneously annihilated by these operators. Finding and classifying quantum Airy structures modulo gauge group action, is by itself an interesting problem which we study here. Read More

The two-flavor quark-meson model is used to study inhomogeneous chiral condensates at finite temperature $T$ and baryon chemical potential $\mu_B$. Using a chiral-density wave ansatz for the inhomogeneity, we present the results for the phase diagram of a mean-field calculation of the effective potential. The parameters of the model are determined by matching the meson and quark masses, and the pion constant to their physical values using the on-shell and modified minimal subtraction schemes. Read More

Computational techniques are required for narrowing down the vast space of possibilities to plausible prebiotic scenarios, since precise information on the molecular composition, the dominant reaction chemistry, and the conditions for that era are scarce. The exploration of large chemical reaction networks is a central aspect in this endeavour. While quantum chemical methods can accurately predict the structures and reactivities of small molecules, they are not efficient enough to cope with large-scale reaction systems. Read More

We calculate the knot invariant coming from the Teichm\"{u}ller TQFT [AK1]. Specifically we calculate the knot invariant for the complement of the knot $6_1$ both in the original [AK1] and the new formulation of the Teichm\"{u}ller TQFT [AK2] for the one-vertex H-triangulation of $(S^3,6_1)$. We show that the two formulations give equivalent answers. Read More

In this manuscript we review the construction of the Teichm\"{u}ller TQFT in [AK1], upgrading it to a theory dependent on an extra odd integer $N$ using results developed in [AK3]. We also describe how this theory is related with quantum Chern--Simons Theory at level $N$ with gauge group $\rm{PSL}(2,\mathbb{C})$. Read More

The recently proposed Euclidean index offers a novel approach to measure the citation impact of academic authors, in particular as an alternative to the h-index. We test if the index provides new, robust information, not covered by existing bibliometric indicators, discuss the measurement scale and the degree of distinction between analytical units the index offers. We find that the Euclidean index does not outperform existing indicators on these topics and that the main application of the index would be solely for ranking, which is not seen as a recommended practice. Read More

We introduce the boundary length and point spectrum, as a joint generalization of the boundary length spectrum and boundary point spectrum in arXiv:1307.0967. We establish by cut-and-join methods that the number of partial chord diagrams filtered by the boundary length and point spectrum satisfies a recursion relation, which combined with an initial condition determines these numbers uniquely. Read More

In this paper we consider the enumeration of orientable and non-orientable chord diagrams. We show that this enumeration is encoded in appropriate expectation values of the $\beta$-deformed Gaussian and RNA matrix models. We evaluate these expectation values by means of the $\beta$-deformed topological recursion, and - independently - using properties of quantum curves. Read More

In this article, the enumeration of partial chord diagrams is discussed via matrix model techniques. In addition to the basic data such as the number of backbones and chords, we also consider the Euler characteristic, the backbone spectrum, the boundary point spectrum, and the boundary length spectrum. Furthermore, we consider the boundary length and point spectrum that unifies the last two types of spectra. Read More

The quark-meson model is often used as an effective low-energy model for QCD to study the chiral transition at finite temperature $T$ and baryon chemical potential $\mu_B$. The parameters in the quark-meson model can be found by expressing them in terms of the sigma mass $m_{\sigma}$, the pion mass $m_{\pi}$, the constituent quark mass $m_q$ and the pion decay constant $f_{\pi}$. In practice, this matching is done at tree level, which is inconsistent once we take loop effects of the effective potential into account. Read More

We report the discovery of a planet --- OGLE-2014-BLG-0676Lb --- via gravitational microlensing. Observations for the lensing event were made by the MOA, OGLE, Wise, RoboNET/LCOGT, MiNDSTEp and $\mu$FUN groups. All analyses of the light curve data favour a lens system comprising a planetary mass orbiting a host star. Read More

In this paper, we study the possibility of an inhomogeneous quark condensate in the 1+1 dimensional Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model in the large-$N_c$ limit at finite temperature $T$ and quark chemical potential $\mu$ using dimensional regularization. The phase diagram in the $\mu$--$T$ plane is mapped out. At zero temperature, an inhomogeneous phase with a chiral-density wave exists for all values of $\mu>\mu_c$. Read More

In this paper we modify the coordinate construction in our previous paper on the universal moduli space of pair consisting of a Riemann Surfaces and a stable holomorphic bundles on the Riemann Surface, so as to produce a new set of coordinates, which are in fact K\" ahler coordinates on this universal moduli space. Further, we give a functional determinant formula for the Ricci potential of the universal moduli space. Read More

In this paper we construct a Hitchin connection in a setting, which significantly generalizes the setting covered by the first author previously, which in turn was a generalisation of the moduli space case covered by Hitchin in his original work on the Hitchin connection. In fact, our construction provides a Hitchin connection, which is a partial connection on the space of all compatible complex structures on an arbitrary, but fixed prequantizable symplectic manifold, which satisfies a certain Fano type condition. The subspace of the tangent space to the space of compatible complex structures on which the constructed Hitchin connection is defined, is in fact of finite co-dimension, if the symplectic manifold is compact. Read More

In this paper we calculate the curvature of the Hitchin connection. We further show that a slight (possibly trivial) modification of the Hitchin connection has curvature equal to an explict given multiple of the Weil-Petersen symplectic form on Teichm\"{u}ller space. Read More

In this paper we compute explicitly, following Witten's prescription, the quantum representation of the mapping class group in genus one for complex quantum Chern-Simons theory associated to any simple and simply connected complex gauge group $G_{\mathbb C}$. We use a generalization of the Weil-Gel'fand-Zak transform to exhibit an explicit expression for the representation. Read More

We propose and prove the Verlinde formula for the quantization of the Higgs bundle moduli spaces and stacks for any simple and simply-connected group. This generalizes the equivariant Verlinde formula for the case of $SU(n)$ proposed previously by the second and third author. We further establish a Verlinde formula for the quantization of parabolic Higgs bundle moduli spaces and stacks. Read More

In many models in condensed matter physics and high-energy physics, one finds inhomogeneous phases at high density and low temperature. These phases are characterized by a spatially dependent condensate or order parameter. A proper calculation requires that one takes the vacuum fluctuations of the model into account. Read More

This Report summarizes the proceedings of the 2015 Les Houches workshop on Physics at TeV Colliders. Session 1 dealt with (I) new developments relevant for high precision Standard Model calculations, (II) the new PDF4LHC parton distributions, (III) issues in the theoretical description of the production of Standard Model Higgs bosons and how to relate experimental measurements, (IV) a host of phenomenological studies essential for comparing LHC data from Run I with theoretical predictions and projections for future measurements in Run II, and (V) new developments in Monte Carlo event generators. Read More

We present a description of the production of a di-lepton pair (through Z boson and virtual photon) in association with at least two jets. This calculation adds to the fixed-order accuracy the dominant logarithms in the limit of large partonic centre-of-mass energy to all orders in the strong coupling. This is achieved within the framework of High Energy Jets. Read More

Chemical reaction networks can be automatically generated from graph grammar descriptions, where rewrite rules model reaction patterns. Because a molecule graph is connected and reactions in general involve multiple molecules, the rewriting must be performed on multisets of graphs. We present a general software package for this type of graph rewriting system, which can be used for modelling chemical systems. Read More

In this paper we provide two ways of constructing complex coordinates on the moduli space of pairs of a Riemann surface and a stable holomorphic vector bundle centred around any such pair. We compute the transformation between the coordinates to second order at the center of the coordinates. We conclude that they agree to second order, but not to third order at the center. Read More

We study how the phenomenon of contagion can take place in the network of the world's stock exchanges due to the behavioral trait "blindeness to small changes". On large scale individual, the delay in the collective response may significantly change the dynamics of the overall system. We explicitely insert a term describing the behavioral phenomenon in a system of equations that describe the build and release of stress across the worldwide stock markets. Read More

In this paper we follow the constructions of Turaev's book [Tu] closely, but with small modifications, to construct of a modular functor, in the sense of Kevin Walker, from any modular tensor category. We further show that this modular functor has duality and if the modular tensor category category is Hermitian or unitary, then the resulting modular functor is also Hermitian or unitary respectively. Read More

Detailed spectroscopic studies of metal-poor halo stars have highlighted the important role of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars in understanding the early production and ejection of carbon in the Galaxy and in identifying the progenitors of the CEMP stars among the first stars formed after the Big Bang. Recent work has also classified the CEMP stars by absolute carbon abundance, A(C), into high- and low-C bands, mostly populated by binary and single stars, respectively. Our aim is to determine the frequency and orbital parameters of binary systems among the CEMP-s stars, which exhibit strong enhancements of neutron-capture elements associated with the s-process. Read More

We use the explicit relation between genus filtrated $s$-loop means of the Gaussian matrix model and terms of the genus expansion of the Kontsevich--Penner matrix model (KPMM), which is the generating function for volumes of discretized (open) moduli spaces $M_{g,s}^{disc}$ (discrete volumes), to express Gaussian means in all genera as polynomials in special times weighted by ancestor invariants of an underlying cohomological field theory. We translate topological recursion of the Gaussian model into recurrent relations for coefficients of this expansion proving their integrality and positivity. As an application, we find the coefficients in the first subleading order for ${\mathcal M}_{g,1}$ for all $g$ in three ways: by using the refined Harer--Zagier recursion, by exploiting the Givental-type decomposition of KPMM, and by an explicit diagram counting. Read More

The detailed composition of most metal-poor halo stars has been found to be very uniform. However, a fraction of 20-70% (increasing with decreasing metallicity) exhibit dramatic enhancements in their abundances of carbon - the so-called carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars. A key question for Galactic chemical evolution models is whether this non-standard composition reflects that of the stellar natal clouds, or is due to local, post-birth mass transfer of chemically processed material from a binary companion; CEMP stars should then all be members of binary systems. Read More

An increasing fraction of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars is found as their iron abundance, [Fe/H], decreases below [Fe/H] = -2.0. The CEMP-s stars have the highest absolute carbon abundances, [C/H], and are thought to owe their enrichment in carbon and the slow neutron-capture (s-process) elements to mass transfer from a former asymptotic giant-branch (AGB) binary companion. Read More

Accurate measurements of the physical characteristics of a large number of exoplanets are useful to strongly constrain theoretical models of planet formation and evolution, which lead to the large variety of exoplanets and planetary-system configurations that have been observed. We present a study of the planetary systems WASP-45 and WASP-46, both composed of a main-sequence star and a close-in hot Jupiter, based on 29 new high-quality light curves of transits events. In particular, one transit of WASP-45 b and four of WASP-46 b were simultaneously observed in four optical filters, while one transit of WASP-46 b was observed with the NTT obtaining precision of 0. Read More

In a previous paper (JHEP {\bf 05} (2014) 27), we calculated the three-loop thermodynamic potential of QCD at finite temperature $T$ and quark chemical potentials $\mu_q$ using the hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory (HTLpt) reorganization of finite temperature and density QCD. The result allows us to study the thermodynamics of QCD at finite temperature and isospin chemical potential $\mu_I$. We calculate the pressure, energy density, and entropy density, the trace anomaly, and the speed of sound at zero and nonzero $\mu_I$. Read More

Private Webmail 2.0 (Pwm 2.0) improves upon the current state of the art by increasing the usability and practical security of secure email for ordinary users. Read More

Secure email is increasingly being touted as usable by novice users, with a push for adoption based on recent concerns about government surveillance. To determine whether secure email is for grassroots adoption, we employ a laboratory user study that recruits pairs of novice to install and use several of the latest systems to exchange secure messages. We present quantitative and qualitative results from 25 pairs of novice users as they use Pwm, Tutanota, and Virtru. Read More

This paper describes MessageGuard, a browser-based platform for research into usable content-based encryption. MessageGuard is designed to enable collaboration between security and usability researchers on long-standing research questions in this area. It significantly simplifies the effort required to work in this space and provides a place for research results to be shared, replicated, and compared with minimal confounding factors. Read More

This paper presents the results of a laboratory study involving Mailvelope, a modern PGP client that integrates tightly with existing webmail providers. In our study, we brought in pairs of participants and had them attempt to use Mailvelope to communicate with each other. Our results shown that more than a decade and a half after \textit{Why Johnny Can't Encrypt}, modern PGP tools are still unusable for the masses. Read More

The HERMES spectrograph installed on the 1.2-m Mercator telescope has been used to monitor the radial velocity of 13 low-metallicity carbon stars, among which 7 Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor (CEMP) stars and 6 CH stars. All stars but one show clear evidence for binarity. Read More

A radial-velocity monitoring of the Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor (CEMP) star HE 0017+0055 over 8 years with the Nordic Optical Telescope and Mercator telescopes reveals variability with a period of 384 d and amplitude of 540$\pm27$ m s$^{-1}$, superimposed on a nearly linear long-term decline of $\sim$1 m s$^{-1}$ day$^{-1}$. High-resolution HERMES/Mercator and Keck/HIRES spectra have been used to derive elemental abundances using 1-D LTE MARCS models. A metallicity of [Fe/H] $\sim -2. Read More

The detailed chemical composition of most metal-poor halo stars has been found to be highly uniform, but a minority of stars exhibit dramatic enhancements in their abundances of heavy neutron-capture elements and/or of carbon. The key question for Galactic chemical evolution models is whether these peculiarities reflect the composition of the natal clouds, or if they are due to later mass transfer of processed material from a binary companion. If the former case applies, the observed excess of certain elements was implanted within selected clouds in the early ISM from a production site at interstellar distances. Read More

Given a topological modular functor $\mathcal{V}$ in the sense of Walker \cite{Walker}, we construct vector bundles over $\bar{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$, whose Chern classes define semi-simple cohomological field theories. This construction depends on a determination of the logarithm of the eigenvalues of the Dehn twist and central element actions. We show that the intersection of the Chern class with the $\psi$-classes in $\bar{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ is computed by the topological recursion of \cite{EOFg}, for a local spectral curve that we describe. Read More

Twitter has been identified as one of the most popular and promising altmetrics data sources, as it possibly reflects a broader use of research articles by the general public. Several factors, such as document age, scientific discipline, number of authors and document type, have been shown to affect the number of tweets received by scientific documents. The particular meaning of tweets mentioning scholarly papers is, however, not entirely understood and their validity as impact indicators debatable. Read More

Ab initio numerical simulations of the thermodynamics of dense quark matter remain a challenge. Apart from the infamous sign problem, lattice methods have to deal with finite volume and discretization effects as well as with the necessity to introduce sources for symmetry-breaking order parameters. We study these artifacts in the Polyakov-loop-extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, and compare its predictions to existing lattice data for cold and dense two-color matter with two flavors of Wilson quarks. Read More

Metal-poor stars provide the fossil record of Galactic chemical evolution and the nucleosynthesis processes that took place at the earliest times in the history of our Galaxy. From detailed abundance studies of low mass, extremely metal-poor stars ([Fe/H] < -3), we can trace and help constrain the formation processes which created the first heavy elements in our Galaxy. Here we present the results of a ~25-star homogeneously analysed sample of metal-poor candidates from the Hamburg/ESO survey. Read More

A core topic of research in prebiotic chemistry is the search for plausible synthetic routes that connect the building blocks of modern life such as sugars, nucleotides, amino acids, and lipids to "molecular food sources" that have likely been abundant on Early Earth. In a recent contribution, Albert Eschenmoser emphasised the importance of catalytic and autocatalytic cycles in establishing such abiotic synthesis pathways. The accumulation of intermediate products furthermore provides additional catalysts that allow pathways to change over time. Read More

We prove combinatorially the explicit relation between genus filtrated $s$-loop means of the Gaussian matrix model and terms of the genus expansion of the Kontsevich--Penner matrix model (KPMM). The latter is the generating function for volumes of discretized (open) moduli spaces $M_{g,s}^{\mathrm{disc}}$ given by $N_{g,s}(P_1,\dots,P_s)$ for $(P_1,\dots,P_s)\in{\mathbb Z}_+^s$. This generating function therefore enjoys the topological recursion, and we prove that it is simultaneously the generating function for ancestor invariants of a cohomological field theory thus enjoying the Givental decomposition. Read More

The ubiquity of M dwarf stars combined with their low masses and luminosities make them prime targets in the search for nearby, habitable exoplanets. We investigate the effects of starspot-induced radial velocity (RV) jitter on detection and characterization of planets orbiting M dwarfs. We create surface spot configurations with both random spot coverage and active regions. Read More

2015Jan

The detection of exoplanets using any method is prone to confusion due to the intrinsic variability of the host star. We investigate the effect of cool starspots on the detectability of the exoplanets around solar-like stars using the radial velocity method. For investigating this activity-caused "jitter" we calculate synthetic spectra using radiative transfer, known stellar atomic and molecular lines, different surface spot configurations, and an added planetary signal. Read More

We review in detail recent advances in our understanding of the phase structure and the phase transitions of hadronic matter in strong magnetic fields $B$ and zero quark chemical potentials $\mu_f$. Many aspects of QCD are described using low-energy effective theories and models such as the MIT bag model, the hadron resonance gas model, chiral perturbation theory, the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, the quark-meson (QM) model and Polyakov-loop extended versions of the NJL and QM models. We critically examine their properties and applications. Read More

The perturbative series for finite-temperature field theories has very poor convergence properties and one needs a way to reorganize it. In this talk, I review two ways of reorganizing the perturbative series for field theories at finite temperature and chemical potential, namely hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory (HTLpt) and dimensional reduction (DR). I will present results for the pressure, trace anomaly, speed of sound and the quark susceptibilities from a 3-loop HTLpt calculation and for the quark susceptibilities using DR at four loops. Read More

Motivated by recent work on inverse magnetic catalysis at finite temperature, we study the quark-meson model using both dimensional regularization and a sharp cutoff. We calculate the critical temperature for the chiral transition as a function of the Yukawa coupling in the mean-field approximation varying the renormalization scale and the value of the ultraviolet cutoff. We show that the results depend sensitively on how one treats the fermionic vacuum fluctuations in the model and in particular on the regulator used. Read More