J. Qian - A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University

J. Qian
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Name
J. Qian
Affiliation
A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University
City
New Haven
Country
United States

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Physics - Atomic Physics (8)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (7)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (7)
 
Nuclear Theory (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
Computer Science - Learning (5)
 
Quantum Physics (4)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (3)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Physics - Classical Physics (2)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (2)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (2)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
 
Computer Science - Sound (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
 
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
 
Physics - Other (1)

Publications Authored By J. Qian

The numerical approximation of high-frequency wave propagation in inhomogeneous media is a challenging problem. In particular, computing high-frequency solutions by direct simulations requires several points per wavelength for stability and usually requires many points per wavelength for a satisfactory accuracy. In this paper, we propose a new method for the acoustic wave equation in inhomogeneous media in the time domain to achieve superior accuracy and stability without using a large number of unknowns. Read More

A systematic analysis of correlations between different orders of $p_T$-differential flow is presented, including mode coupling effects in flow vectors, correlations between flow angles (a.k.a. Read More

In this paper, we study a very general type of online network design problem, and generalize two different previous algorithms, one for an online network design problem due to Berman and Coulston [4] and one for (offline) general network design problems due to Goemans and Williamson [9]; we give an O(log k)-competitive algorithm, where k is the number of nodes that must be connected. We also consider a further generalization of the problem that allows us to pay penalties in exchange for violating connectivity constraints; we give an online O(log k)-competitive algorithm for this case as well. Read More

We develop a scheme for deterministic generation of an entangled state between two atoms on different Rydberg states via a chirped adiabatic passage, which directly connects the initial ground and target entangled states and also does not request the normally needed blockade effect. The occupancy of intermediate states suffers from a strong reduction via two pulses with proper time-dependent detunings and the electromagnetically induced transparency condition. By solving the analytical expressions of eigenvalues and eigenstates of a two-atom system, we investigate the optimal parameters for guaranteeing the adiabatic condition. Read More

In high-energy heavy-ion collisions, two-particle rapidity (or pseudorapidity) correlations were used to study event-by-event fluctuations. The correlation function $C(y_1, y_2)$ was decomposed with Legendre or Chebyshev polynomials, and the decomposition coefficients were used for describing the degree of fluctuation in rapidity. The correlations are affected by centrality-window width greatly if the event mixing is not taken into account, and two new methods called C$_\textmd{definition}$ and C$_\textmd{relative}$ are raised to reduce or remove the influence. Read More

This paper is the first attempt to systematically study properties of the effective Hamiltonian $\overline{H}$ arising in the periodic homogenization of some coercive but nonconvex Hamilton-Jacobi equations. Firstly, we introduce a new and robust decomposition method to obtain min-max formulas for a class of nonconvex $\overline{H}$. Secondly, we analytically and numerically investigate other related interesting phenomena, such as "quasi-convexification" and breakdown of symmetry, of $\overline{H}$ from other typical nonconvex Hamiltonians. Read More

We describe a soft matter system of self-organized oblate micelles and plasmonic gold nanorods that exhibit a negative orientational order parameter. Because of anisotropic surface anchoring interactions, colloidal gold nanorods tend to align perpendicular to the director describing the average orientation of normals to the discoidal micelles. Helicoidal structures of highly concentrated nanorods with a negative order parameter are realized by adding a chiral additive and are further controlled by means of confinement and mechanical stress. Read More

We study a novel communication mechanism, ambient backscatter, that utilizes radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted from an ambient source as both energy supply and information carrier to enable communications between low-power devices. Different from existing non-coherent schemes, we here design the semi-coherent detection, where channel parameters can be obtained from unknown data symbols and a few pilot symbols. We first derive the optimal detector for the complex Gaussian ambient RF signal from likelihood ratio test and compute the corresponding closed-form bit error rate (BER). Read More

Trajectory tracking control for quadrotors is important for applications ranging from surveying and inspection, to film making. However, designing and tuning classical controllers, such as proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers, to achieve high tracking precision can be time-consuming and difficult, due to hidden dynamics and other non-idealities. The Deep Neural Network (DNN), with its superior capability of approximating abstract, nonlinear functions, proposes a novel approach for enhancing trajectory tracking control. Read More

For scattering problems of time-harmonic waves, the boundary integral equation (BIE) methods are highly competitive, since they are formulated on lower-dimension boundaries or interfaces, and can automatically satisfy outgoing radiation conditions. For scattering problems in a layered medium, standard BIE methods based on the Green's function of the background medium must evaluate the expensive Sommefeld integrals. Alternative BIE methods based on the free-space Green's function give rise to integral equations on unbounded interfaces which are not easy to truncate, since the wave fields on these interfaces decay very slowly. Read More

We present a ray-based finite element method (ray-FEM) by learning basis adaptive to the underlying high-frequency Helmholtz equation in smooth media. Based on the geometric optics ansatz of the wave field, we learn local dominant ray directions by probing the medium using low-frequency waves with the same source. Once local ray directions are extracted, they are incorporated into the finite element basis to solve the high-frequency Helmholtz equation. Read More

Spectral clustering methods which are frequently used in clustering and community detection applications are sensitive to the specific graph constructions particularly when imbalanced clusters are present. We show that ratio cut (RCut) or normalized cut (NCut) objectives are not tailored to imbalanced cluster sizes since they tend to emphasize cut sizes over cut values. We propose a graph partitioning problem that seeks minimum cut partitions under minimum size constraints on partitions to deal with imbalanced cluster sizes. Read More

Single particle transverse mass spectra and HBT radii of identical pion and identical kaon are analyzed with a blast-wave parametrization under the assumptions local thermal equilibrium and transverse expansion. Under the assumptions, temperature parameter $T$ and transverse expansion rapidity $\rho$ are sensitive to the shapes of transverse mass $m_\text T$ spectrum and HBT radius $R_\text{s}(K_\text T)$. Negative and positive correlations between $T$ and $\rho$ are observed by fitting $m_\text{T}$ spectrum and HBT radius $R_\text s (K_\text T)$, respectively. Read More

The effects of event-by-event fluctuations in the initial geometry of the colliding nuclei are important in the analysis of final flow observables in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. We use hydrodynamic simulations to study the amplitude correlations between different orders of event-by-event fluctuating anisotropic flow harmonics. While the general trends seen in the experimental data are qualitatively reproduced by the model, deviations in detail, in particular for peripheral collisions, point to the need for more elaborate future calculations with a hybrid approach that describes the late hadronic stage of the evolution microscopically. Read More

We investigate the collective excitation effect in a scheme where three identical Rydberg atoms are arranged in an equilateral triangular lattice. By using a static electric field polarizing the atomic dipoles, the dipole-dipole interactions between two Rydberg atoms are essentially anisotropic and can even disappear in the several special resonance cases. For that fact, we observe collectively enhanced excitation probability of single Rydberg atom in resonant areas in the case of strong blockade, and that of double or triple Rydberg atoms in the case of partial blockade. Read More

We study contraction of points on $\mathbb{P}^1(\bar{\mathbb{Q}})$ with certain control on local ramification indices, with application to the unramified curve correspondences problem initiated by Bogomolov and Tschinkel. Read More

This paper concerns some inverse eigenvalue problems of the quadratic $\star$-(anti)-palindromic system $Q(\lambda)=\lambda^2 A_1^{\star}+\lambda A_0 + \epsilon A_1$, where $\epsilon=\pm 1$, $A_1, A_0 \in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$, $A_0^{\star}=\epsilon A_0$, $A_1$ is nonsingular, and the symbol $\star$ is used as an abbreviation for transpose for real matrices and either transpose or conjugate transpose for complex matrices. By using the spectral decomposition of the quadratic $\star$-(anti)-palindromic system, the inverse eigenvalue problems with entire/partial eigenpairs given, and the model updating problems with no-spillover are considered. Some conditions on the solvabilities of these problems are given, and algorithms are proposed to find these solutions. Read More

We solve exactly the dielectric response of a non-insulating sphere of radius $a$ suspended in symmetric, univalent electrolyte solution, with ideally-polarizable interface but without significant $\zeta$-potential. We then use this solution to derive the dielectric response of a dilute random suspension of such spheres, with volume fraction $f\ll1$, within the Maxwell-Garnett Effective Medium Approximation. Surprisingly, we discover a huge dielectric enhancement in this bare essential model of dielectric responses of solids in electrolyte solution: at low frequency $\omega\tau_D \ll (\lambda/a) / (\sigma_w / \sigma_s+1/2)$, the real part of the effective dielectric constant of the mixture is $1-(3f/2)+(9f/4)(a/\lambda)$. Read More

Higgs portal interactions provide a simple mechanism for addressing two open problems in cosmology: dark matter and the baryon asymmetry. In the latter instance, Higgs portal interactions may contain the ingredients for a strong first order electroweak phase transition as well as new CP-violating interactions as needed for electroweak baryogenesis. These interactions may also allow for a viable dark matter candidate. Read More

Schur-type methods in \cite{Chu2} and \cite{GCQX} solve the robust pole assignment problem by employing the departure from normality of the closed-loop system matrix as the measure of robustness. They work well generally when all poles to be assigned are simple. However, when some poles are close or even repeated, the eigenvalues of the computed closed-loop system matrix might be inaccurate. Read More

We study the nonlinear optomechanically-induced transparency (OMIT) with gain and loss. We find that (i) for a single active cavity, significant enhancement can be achieved for the higher-order sidebands, including the transmission rate and the group delay; (ii) for active- passive-coupled cavities, hundreds of microsecond of optical delay or advance are attainable for the nonlinear sideband pulses in the parity-time-symmetric regime. The active higher-order OMIT effects, as firstly revealed here, open up the way to make a low-power optomechaical amplifier, which can amplify both the strength and group delay of not only the probe light but also its higher-order sidebands. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1Ohio State and Harbin Institute of Technology, 2Ohio State, 3Ohio State

Higher-order anisotropic flows in heavy-ion collisions are affected by nonlinear mode coupling effects. It has been suggested that the associated nonlinear hydrodynamic response coefficients probe the transport properties and are largely insensitive to the spectrum of initial density fluctuations of the medium created in these collisions. To test this suggestion, we explore nonlinear mode coupling effects in event-by-event viscous fluid dynamics, using two different models for the fluctuating initial density profiles, and compare the nonlinear coupling coefficients between the initial eccentricity vectors before hydrodynamic expansion and the final flow vectors after the expansion. Read More

We propose a non-parametric anomaly detection algorithm for high dimensional data. We first rank scores derived from nearest neighbor graphs on $n$-point nominal training data. We then train limited complexity models to imitate these scores based on the max-margin learning-to-rank framework. Read More

Traditional methods to tackle many music information retrieval tasks typically follow a two-step architecture: feature engineering followed by a simple learning algorithm. In these "shallow" architectures, feature engineering and learning are typically disjoint and unrelated. Additionally, feature engineering is difficult, and typically depends on extensive domain expertise. Read More

We theoretically investigate the dynamical phase diagram of a one-dimensional chain of laser-excited two-species Rydberg atoms. The existence of a variety of unique dynamical phases in the experimentally-achievable parameter region is predicted under the mean-field approximation, and the change of those phases when the effect of the next-nearest neighbor interaction is included is further discussed. In particular we find the competition of the strong Rydberg-Rydberg interactions and the optical excitation imbalance can lead to the presence of complex multiple chaotic phases, which are highly sensitive to the initial Rydberg-state population and the strength of the next-nearest neighbor interactions. Read More

Motivated by recent experiments showing over $10^4$-fold increase in induced polarization from electrochemically inert, conducting materials in dilute saline solutions, we theoretically demonstrate a new mechanism for dielectric enhancement, in the absence of $\zeta-$potentials at interfaces between non-insulating particles and an electrolyte solution. We further show that the magnitude of such enhancement obeys universal scaling laws, independent of the particle's electrical properties and valid across particle shapes: for a dilute suspension of identical, but arbitrarily shaped particles of a linear dimension $a$ and volume fraction $f$, as $\omega\to0$ the effective real dielectric constant of the mixture is enhanced from that of water by a factor $1+f~(P_r+(a/\lambda)P_i)$, and the frequency-dependent phase shift of its impedance has a scale-invariant maximum $f\,\mathsf{\Theta}$ if particles are much more conductive than the solution. Here $\lambda$ is the solution's Debye length and $P_r$, $P_i$, $\mathsf{\Theta}$ are dimensionless numbers determined solely by the particles' shape. Read More

In a recent work we have developed a robust chainwise atom-molecule adiabatic passage scheme to produce ultracold ground-state molecules via photo-associating free atoms [J. Qian {\it et.al. Read More

The false discovery rate (FDR)---the expected fraction of spurious discoveries among all the discoveries---provides a popular statistical assessment of the reproducibility of scientific studies in various disciplines. In this work, we introduce a new method for controlling the FDR in meta-analysis of many decentralized linear models. Our method targets the scenario where many research groups---possibly the number of which is random---are independently testing a common set of hypotheses and then sending summary statistics to a coordinating center in an online manner. Read More

Large dynamic index measurement range (n = 1 to n = 1.7) using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) shifts is demonstrated with a ZnSe prism at 632.8 nm, limited by the available high index liquid hosts. Read More

Gibrat's law predicts that the standard deviation of the growth rate of a node's degree is constant. On the other hand, the preferential attachment(PA) indicates that such standard deviation decreases with initial degree as a power law of exponent $-0.5$. Read More

We propose a scheme to investigate the interplay between Kondo-exchange interaction and quantum spin Hall effect with ultracold fermionic alkaline-earth atoms trapped in two-dimensional optical lattices using ultracold collision and laser-assisted tunneling. In the strong Kondo-coupling regime, though the loop trajectory of the mobile atom disappears, collective dynamics of an atom pair in two clock states can exhibit an unexpected spin-dependent cyclotron orbit in a plaquette, realizing the quantum spin Hall effect of the Kondo singlet. We demonstrate that the collective cyclotron dynamics of the spin-zero Kondo singlet is governed by an effective Harper-Hofstadter model in addition to second-order diagonal tunneling. Read More

We propose a non-parametric anomaly detection algorithm for high dimensional data. We score each datapoint by its average $K$-NN distance, and rank them accordingly. We then train limited complexity models to imitate these scores based on the max-margin learning-to-rank framework. Read More

We develop a multi-photon adiabatic passage to realize a highly efficient Rydberg excitation in a four-level ladder-type atomic system. The adiabatic passage is based on the existence of a novel quasi-dark state in the cascade excitation system where the frequencies of the lasers are appropriately chirped with time. We also investigate the influence of the interatomic Rydberg interaction on the passage and extend its application to the preparation of anti-blockade Rydberg atom pairs in the Rydberg blockade regime. Read More

Several problems such as network intrusion, community detection, and disease outbreak can be described by observations attributed to nodes or edges of a graph. In these applications presence of intrusion, community or disease outbreak is characterized by novel observations on some unknown connected subgraph. These problems can be formulated in terms of optimization of suitable objectives on connected subgraphs, a problem which is generally computationally difficult. Read More

We theoretically investigate the effect of dissipation on multi-photon excitation of Rydberg atoms. The steady states and the dynamics are compared via two types of four-level excitation schemes with different dissipative paths of spontaneous emission. We find that in the case of strong Rydberg-Rydberg interaction, the schemes will settle in several different non-equilibrium steady states. Read More

Proton radioactivity has been investigated using the effective liquid drop model with varying mass asymmetry shape and effective inertial coefficient. An effective nuclear radius constant formula replaces the old empirical one in the calculations. The theoretical half-lives are in good agreement with the available experimental data. Read More

Recently regression analysis becomes a popular tool for face recognition. The existing regression methods all use the one-dimensional pixel-based error model, which characterizes the representation error pixel by pixel individually and thus neglects the whole structure of the error image. We observe that occlusion and illumination changes generally lead to a low-rank error image. Read More

We propose a novel non-parametric adaptive anomaly detection algorithm for high dimensional data based on rank-SVM. Data points are first ranked based on scores derived from nearest neighbor graphs on n-point nominal data. We then train a rank-SVM using this ranked data. Read More

These reports present the results of the 2013 Community Summer Study of the APS Division of Particles and Fields ("Snowmass 2013") on the future program of particle physics in the U.S. Chapter 3, on the Energy Frontier, discusses the program of research with high-energy colliders. Read More

In this work, the $\beta$-stable region for Z $\geq$ 90 is proposed. The calculated $\beta$-stable nuclei in the $\beta$-stable region are in good agreement with the ones obtained by M\"{o}ller \emph{et al}.. Read More

We have theoretically studied the effect of disorder on ultracold alkaline-earth atoms governed by the Kondo lattice model in an optical lattice via simplified double-well model and hybridization mean-field theory. Disorder-induced narrowing and even complete closure of hybridization gap have been predicted and the compressibility of the system has also been investigated for metallic and Kondo insulator phases in the presence of the disordered potential. To make connection to the experimental situation, we have numerically solved the disordered Kondo lattice model with an external harmonic trap and shown both the melting of Kondo insulator plateau and an compressibility anomaly at low-density. Read More

This work reports an exchange bias (EB) effect up to room temperature in the binary intermetallic bulk compound Mn3.04Ge0.96. Read More

Ni2FeGa single crystals have been grown in undercooling conditions provided by a glass-purification method. It has been found that trace amounts of gamma phase embededin the single crystalline matrix preferentially orients in the <100> orientation along the growth direction. This gamma phase generates directional residual stress and results in an anisotropic two-way shape memory effect. Read More

2013Oct

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

Optomechanical systems can exhibit self-sustained limit cycles where the quantum state of the mechanical resonator possesses nonclassical characteristics such as a strongly negative Wigner density, as was shown recently in a numerical study by Qian et al. [Physical Review Letters, 109, 253601 (2012)]. Here we derive a Fokker-Planck equation describing mechanical limit cycles in the quantum regime which correctly reproduces the numerically observed nonclassical features. Read More

Spectral clustering is sensitive to how graphs are constructed from data particularly when proximal and imbalanced clusters are present. We show that Ratio-Cut (RCut) or normalized cut (NCut) objectives are not tailored to imbalanced data since they tend to emphasize cut sizes over cut values. We propose a graph partitioning problem that seeks minimum cut partitions under minimum size constraints on partitions to deal with imbalanced data. Read More

Rydberg blockade sphere persists an intriguing picture by which a number of collective many-body effects caused by the strong Rydberg-Rydberg interactions can be clearly understood and profoundly investigated. In the present work, we develop a new definition for the effective two-atom blockade radius and show that the original spherically shaped blockade surface would be deformed when the real number of atoms increases from two to three. This deformation of blockade sphere reveals spatially anisotropic and shrunken properties which strongly depend on the interatomic distance. Read More

2013Jul
Authors: CDF Collaboration, T. Aaltonen, S. Amerio, D. Amidei, A. Anastassov, A. Annovi, J. Antos, G. Apollinari, J. A. Appel, T. Arisawa, A. Artikov, J. Asaadi, W. Ashmanskas, B. Auerbach, A. Aurisano, F. Azfar, W. Badgett, T. Bae, A. Barbaro-Galtieri, V. E. Barnes, B. A. Barnett, P. Barria, P. Bartos, M. Bauce, F. Bedeschi, D. Beecher, S. Behari, G. Bellettini, J. Bellinger, D. Benjamin, A. Beretvas, A. Bhatti, I. Bizjak, K. R. Bland, B. Blumenfeld, A. Bocci, A. Bodek, D. Bortoletto, J. Boudreau, A. Boveia, L. Brigliadori, C. Bromberg, E. Brucken, J. Budagov, H. S. Budd, K. Burkett, G. Busetto, P. Bussey, P. Butti, A. Buzatu, A. Calamba, S. Camarda, M. Campanelli, F. Canelli, B. Carls, D. Carlsmith, R. Carosi, S. Carrillo, B. Casal, M. Casarsa, A. Castro, P. Catastini, D. Cauz, V. Cavaliere, M. Cavalli-Sforza, A. Cerri, L. Cerrito, Y. C. Chen, M. Chertok, G. Chiarelli, G. Chlachidze, K. Cho, D. Chokheli, A. Clark, C. Clarke, M. E. Convery, J. Conway, M. Corbo, M. Cordelli, C. A. Cox, D. J. Cox, M. Cremonesi, D. Cruz, J. Cuevas, R. Culbertson, N. d'Ascenzo, M. Datta, P. de Barbaro, L. Demortier, L. Marchese, M. Deninno, F. Devoto, M. D'Errico, A. Di Canto, B. Di Ruzza, J. R. Dittmann, M. D'Onofrio, S. Donati, M. Dorigo, A. Driutti, K. Ebina, R. Edgar, A. Elagin, R. Erbacher, S. Errede, B. Esham, R. Eusebi, S. Farrington, J. P. Fernández Ramos, R. Field, G. Flanagan, R. Forrest, M. Franklin, J. C. Freeman, H. Frisch, Y. Funakoshi, C. Galloni, A. F. Garfinkel, P. Garosi, H. Gerberich, E. Gerchtein, S. Giagu, V. Giakoumopoulou, K. Gibson, C. M. Ginsburg, N. Giokaris, P. Giromini, G. Giurgiu, V. Glagolev, D. Glenzinski, M. Gold, D. Goldin, A. Golossanov, G. Gomez, G. Gomez-Ceballos, M. Goncharov, O. González López, I. Gorelov, A. T. Goshaw, K. Goulianos, E. Gramellini, S. Grinstein, C. Grosso-Pilcher, R. C. Group, J. Guimaraes da Costa, S. R. Hahn, J. Y. Han, F. Happacher, K. Hara, M. Hare, R. F. Harr, T. Harrington-Taber, K. Hatakeyama, C. Hays, J. Heinrich, M. Herndon, A. Hocker, Z. Hong, W. Hopkins, S. Hou, R. E. Hughes, U. Husemann, M. Hussein, J. Huston, G. Introzzi, M. Iori, A. Ivanov, E. James, D. Jang, B. Jayatilaka, E. J. Jeon, S. Jindariani, M. Jones, K. K. Joo, S. Y. Jun, T. R. Junk, M. Kambeitz, T. Kamon, P. E. Karchin, A. Kasmi, Y. Kato, W. Ketchum, J. Keung, B. Kilminster, D. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, J. E. Kim, M. J. Kim, S. B. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. K. Kim, Y. J. Kim, N. Kimura, M. Kirby, K. Knoepfel, K. Kondo, D. J. Kong, J. Konigsberg, A. V. Kotwal, M. Kreps, J. Kroll, M. Kruse, T. Kuhr, M. Kurata, A. T. Laasanen, S. Lammel, M. Lancaster, K. Lannon, G. Latino, H. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, S. Leo, S. Leone, J. D. Lewis, A. Limosani, E. Lipeles, A. Lister, H. Liu, Q. Liu, T. Liu, S. Lockwitz, A. Loginov, A. Lucà, D. Lucchesi, J. Lueck, P. Lujan, P. Lukens, G. Lungu, J. Lys, R. Lysak, R. Madrak, P. Maestro, S. Malik, G. Manca, A. Manousakis-Katsikakis, F. Margaroli, P. Marino, M. Martínez, K. Matera, M. E. Mattson, A. Mazzacane, P. Mazzanti, R. McNulty, A. Mehta, P. Mehtala, C. Mesropian, T. Miao, D. Mietlicki, A. Mitra, H. Miyake, S. Moed, N. Moggi, C. S. Moon, R. Moore, M. J. Morello, A. Mukherjee, Th. Muller, P. Murat, M. Mussini, J. Nachtman, Y. Nagai, J. Naganoma, I. Nakano, A. Napier, J. Nett, C. Neu, T. Nigmanov, L. Nodulman, S. Y. Noh, O. Norniella, E. Nurse, L. Oakes, S. H. Oh, Y. D. Oh, I. Oksuzian, T. Okusawa, R. Orava, L. Ortolan, C. Pagliarone, E. Palencia, P. Palni, V. Papadimitriou, W. Parker, G. Pauletta, M. Paulini, C. Paus, T. J. Phillips, G. Piacentino, E. Pianori, J. Pilot, K. Pitts, C. Plager, L. Pondrom, S. Poprocki, K. Potamianos, F. Prokoshin, A. Pranko, F. Ptohos, G. Punzi, N. Ranjan, I. Redondo Fernández, P. Renton, M. Rescigno, T. Riddick, F. Rimondi, L. Ristori, A. Robson, T. Rodriguez, S. Rolli, M. Ronzani, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, F. Ruffini, A. Ruiz, J. Russ, V. Rusu, W. K. Sakumoto, Y. Sakurai, L. Santi, K. Sato, V. Saveliev, A. Savoy-Navarro, P. Schlabach, E. E. Schmidt, T. Schwarz, L. Scodellaro, F. Scuri, S. Seidel, Y. Seiya, A. Semenov, F. Sforza, S. Z. Shalhout, T. Shears, R. Shekhar, P. F. Shepard, M. Shimojima, M. Shochet, I. Shreyber-Tecker, A. Simonenko, K. Sliwa, J. R. Smith, F. D. Snider, V. Sorin, H. Song, M. Stancari, R. St. Denis, D. Stentz, J. Strologas, Y. Sudo, A. Sukhanov, I. Suslov, K. Takemasa, Y. Takeuchi, J. Tang, M. Tecchio, P. K. Teng, J. Thom, D. S. Thompson, E. Thomson, V. Thukral, D. Toback, S. Tokar, K. Tollefson, T. Tomura, D. Tonelli, S. Torre, D. Torretta, P. Totaro, M. Trovato, F. Ukegawa, S. Uozumi, F. Vázquez, G. Velev, C. Vellidis, C. Vernieri, M. Vidal, R. Vilar, J. Vizán, M. Vogel, G. Volpi, P. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. M. Wang, D. Waters, W. C. Wester III, D. Whiteson, A. B. Wicklund, S. Wilbur, H. H. Williams, J. S. Wilson, P. Wilson, B. L. Winer, P. Wittich, S. Wolbers, H. Wolfe, T. Wright, X. Wu, Z. Wu, K. Yamamoto, D. Yamato, T. Yang, U. K. Yang, Y. C. Yang, W. -M. Yao, G. P. Yeh, K. Yi, J. Yoh, K. Yorita, T. Yoshida, G. B. Yu, I. Yu, A. M. Zanetti, Y. Zeng, C. Zhou, S. Zucchelli, D0 Collaboration, :, V. M. Abazov, B. Abbott, B. S. Acharya, M. Adams, T. Adams, J. P. Agnew, G. D. Alexeev, G. Alkhazov, A. Alton, A. Askew, S. Atkins, K. Augsten, C. Avila, F. Badaud, L. Bagby, B. Baldin, D. V. Bandurin, S. Banerjee, E. Barberis, P. Baringer, J. F. Bartlett, U. Bassler, V. Bazterra, A. Bean, M. Begalli, L. Bellantoni, S. B. Beri, G. Bernardi, R. Bernhard, I. Bertram, M. Besançon, R. Beuselinck, P. C. Bhat, S. Bhatia, V. Bhatnagar, G. Blazey, S. Blessing, K. Bloom, A. Boehnlein, D. Boline, E. E. Boos, G. Borissov, A. Brandt, O. Brandt, R. Brock, A. Bross, D. Brown, X. B. Bu, M. Buehler, V. Buescher, V. Bunichev, S. Burdin, C. P. Buszello, E. Camacho-Pérez, B. C. K. Casey, H. Castilla-Valdez, S. Caughron, S. Chakrabarti, K. M. Chan, A. Chandra, E. Chapon, G. Chen, S. W. Cho, S. Choi, B. Choudhary, S. Cihangir, D. Claes, J. Clutter, M. Cooke, W. E. Cooper, M. Corcoran, F. Couderc, M. -C. Cousinou, D. Cutts, A. 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Tsai, D. Tsybychev, B. Tuchming, C. Tully, L. Uvarov, S. Uvarov, S. Uzunyan, R. Van Kooten, W. M. van Leeuwen, N. Varelas, E. W. Varnes, I. A. Vasilyev, A. Y. Verkheev, L. S. Vertogradov, M. Verzocchi, M. Vesterinen, D. Vilanova, P. Vokac, H. D. Wahl, M. H. L. S. Wang, J. Warchol, G. Watts, M. Wayne, J. Weichert, L. Welty-Rieger, M. R. J. Williams, G. W. Wilson, M. Wobisch, D. R. Wood, T. R. Wyatt, Y. Xie, S. Yacoob, R. Yamada, S. Yang, T. Yasuda, Y. A. Yatsunenko, W. Ye, Z. Ye, H. Yin, K. Yip, S. W. Youn, J. M. Yu, J. Zennamo, T. G. Zhao, B. Zhou, J. Zhu, M. Zielinski, D. Zieminska, L. Zivkovic

We summarize and combine direct measurements of the mass of the $W$ boson in $\sqrt{s} = 1.96 \text{TeV}$ proton-antiproton collision data collected by CDF and D0 experiments at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Earlier measurements from CDF and D0 are combined with the two latest, more precise measurements: a CDF measurement in the electron and muon channels using data corresponding to $2. Read More

We present a theoretical study on the system of laser-driven strongly interacting Rydberg atoms trapped in a two-dimensional triangular lattice, in which the dipole-dipole interactions between Rydberg states result in exotic quantum phases. By using the mean-field theory, we investigate the steady state solutions and analyze their dynamical stabilities. We find that in the strong-interaction limit, the dynamics of the system is chaotic and exhibits random oscillations under appropriate laser detunings. Read More

The Generalized Riemann Problems (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic systems of balance laws in one space dimension are now well-known and can be formulated as follows: Given initial-data which are smooth on two sides of a discontinuity, determine the time evolution of the solution near the discontinuity. While the classical Riemann problem serves as a primary building block in the construction of many numerical schemes (most notably the Godunov scheme), the analytic study of GRP will lead to an array of GRP schemes, which extend the Godunov scheme. Currently there are extensive studies on the second-order GRP scheme, which proves to be robust and is capable of resolving complex multidimensional fluid dynamic problems [M. Read More