J. Lee - Seoul National University

J. Lee
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Name
J. Lee
Affiliation
Seoul National University
City
Seoul
Country
South Korea

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (6)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (5)
 
Computer Science - Learning (4)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (4)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (4)
 
Nuclear Experiment (4)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (3)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (3)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
 
Physics - Optics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Quantum Physics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Statistics - Methodology (2)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
 
Nuclear Theory (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)

Publications Authored By J. Lee

We propose a novel technique to make neural network robust to adversarial examples using a generative adversarial network. We alternately train both classifier and generator networks. The generator network generates an adversarial perturbation that can easily fool the classifier network by using a gradient of each image. Read More

Recent approaches based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) have shown promising results for named-entity recognition (NER). In order to achieve high performances, ANNs need to be trained on a large labeled dataset. However, labels might be difficult to obtain for the dataset on which the user wants to perform NER: label scarcity is particularly pronounced for patient note de-identification, which is an instance of NER. Read More

Attempts to train a comprehensive artificial intelligence capable of solving multiple tasks have been impeded by a chronic problem called catastrophic forgetting. Although simply replaying all previous data alleviates the problem, it requires large memory and even worse, often infeasible in real world applications where the access to past data is limited. Inspired by the generative nature of hippocampus as a short-term memory system in primate brain, we propose the Deep Generative Replay, a novel framework with a cooperative dual model architecture consisting of a deep generative model ("generator") and a task solving model ("solver"). Read More

Molecule-electrode contact atomic structures are a critical factor that characterizes molecular devices, but their precise understanding and control still remain elusive. Based on combined first-principles calculations and single-molecule break junction experiments, we herein establish that the conductance of alkanedithiolate junctions can both increase and decrease with mechanical stretching and the specific trend is determined by the S-Au linkage coordination number (CN) or the molecule-electrode contact atomic structure. Specifically, we find that the mechanical pulling results in the conductance increase for the junctions based on S-Au CN two and CN three contacts, while the conductance is minimally affected by stretching for junctions with the CN one contact and decreases upon the formation of Au monoatomic chains. Read More

A future Electron Ion Collider (EIC) will be able to provide collisions of polarized electrons with protons and heavy ions over a wide range of center-of-mass energies (20 $\mathrm{GeV}$ to 140 $\mathrm{GeV}$) at an instanteous luminosity of $10^{33} - 10^{34}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$. One of its promising physics programs is the study of the partonic structure of quasi-real photons. Measuring di-jets in quasi-real photoproduction events, one can effectively access the underlying parton dynamics of the photons. Read More

We demonstrate a synchronized readout (SR) technique for spectrally selective detection of oscillating magnetic fields with sub-millihertz resolution, using coherent manipulation of solid state spins. The SR technique is implemented in a sensitive magnetometer (~50 picotesla/Hz^(1/2)) based on nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond, and used to detect nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals from liquid-state samples. We obtain NMR spectral resolution ~3 Hz, which is nearly two orders of magnitude narrower than previously demonstrated with NV based techniques, using a sample volume of ~1 picoliter. Read More

This paper introduces a new concept of stochastic dependence among many random variables which we call conditional neighborhood dependence (CND). Suppose that there are a set of random variables and a set of sigma algebras where both sets are indexed by the same set endowed with a neighborhood system. When the set of random variables satisfies CND, any two non-adjacent sets of random variables are conditionally independent given sigma algebras having indices in one of the two sets' neighborhood. Read More

As opposed to standard empirical risk minimization (ERM), distributionally robust optimization aims to minimize the worst-case risk over a larger ambiguity set containing the original empirical distribution of the training data. In this work, we describe a minimax framework for statistical learning with ambiguity sets given by balls in Wasserstein space. In particular, we prove a generalization bound that involves the covering number properties of the original ERM problem. Read More

Let $G$ be an $n$-vertex graph obtained by adding chords to a cycle of length $n$. Markstr\"{o}m asked for the maximum number of edges in $G$ if there are no two cycles in $G$ with the same length. A simple counting argument shows that such a graph can have at most $n + \sqrt{2n} +1 $ edges. Read More

This paper presents an approach to forecast future locations of human hands and objects. Given an image frame, the goal is to predict presence and location of hands and objects in the future frame (e.g. Read More

IoT devices are in general considered to be straightforward to use. However, we find that there are a number of situations where the usability becomes poor. The situations include but not limited to the followings: 1) when initializing an IoT device, 2) when trying to control an IoT device which is initialized and registered by another person, and 3) when trying to control an IoT device out of many of the same type. Read More

We present the results of very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations of gamma-ray bright blazar S5 0716+714 using the Korean VLBI Network (KVN) at the 22, 43, 86, and 129 GHz bands, as part of the Interferometric Monitoring of Gamma-ray Bright AGNs (iMOGABA) KVN key science program. Observations were conducted in 29 sessions from January 16, 2013 to March 1, 2016, with the source being detected and imaged at all available frequencies. In all epochs, the source was compact on the milliarcsecond (mas) scale, yielding a compact VLBI core dominating the synchrotron emission on these scales. Read More

We present an analysis of the positions and ages of young star clusters in eight local galaxies to investigate the connection between the age difference and separation of cluster pairs. We find that star clusters do not form uniformly but instead are distributed such that the age difference increases with the cluster pair separation to the 0.25-0. Read More

We investigate the use of twin-mode quantum states of light with symmetric statistical features in their photon number for improving intensity-sensitive surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors. For this purpose, one of the modes is sent into a prism setup where the Kretschmann configuration is employed as a sensing platform and the analyte to be measured influences the SPR excitation conditions. This influence modifies the output state of light that is subsequently analyzed by an intensity-difference measurement scheme. Read More

Named-entity recognition (NER) aims at identifying entities of interest in a text. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have recently been shown to outperform existing NER systems. However, ANNs remain challenging to use for non-expert users. Read More

One-dimensional (1D) electronic transport and induced superconductivity in semiconductor nano-structures are crucial ingredients to realize topological superconductivity. Our approach for topological superconductivity employs a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed by an InAs quantum well, cleanly interfaced with a superconductor (epitaxial Al). This epi-Al/InAs quantum well heterostructure is advantageous for fabricating large-scale nano-structures consisting of multiple Majorana zero modes. Read More

For passive electromagnetic scatterers, we explore a variety of extreme limits on directional scattering patterns in phase diagram, regardless of details on the geometric configurations and material properties. By demonstrating the extinction cross-sections with the power conservation intrinsically embedded in phase diagram, we give an alternative interpretation for Kerker first and second conditions, associated with zero backward scattering (ZBS) and nearly zero forward scattering (NZFS). The physical boundary and limitation for these directional radiations are illustrated, along with a generalized Kerker condition with implicit parameters. Read More

In halo dark matter axion search experiments, cylindrical microwave cavities are typically employed to detect signals from the axion-photon conversion. To enhance the conversion power and reduce the noise level, cavities are placed in strong solenoid magnetic fields at sufficiently low temperatures. Exploring high mass regions in cavity-based axion search experiments requires high frequency microwave cavities and thus understanding cavity properties at high frequencies in extreme conditions is deemed necessary. Read More

Statistical regression models whose mean functions are represented by ordinary differential equations (ODEs) can be used to describe phenomenons dynamical in nature, which are abundant in areas such as biology, climatology and genetics. The estimation of parameters of ODE based models is essential for understanding its dynamics, but the lack of an analytical solution of the ODE makes the parameter estimation challenging. The aim of this paper is to propose a general and fast framework of statistical inference for ODE based models by relaxation of the underlying ODE system. Read More

For a user cooperation system with multiple antennas, we consider a trust degree based cooperation techniques to explore the influence of the trustworthiness between users on the communication systems. For the system with two communication pairs, when one communication pair achieves its quality of service (QoS) requirement, they can help the transmission of the other communication pair according to the trust degree, which quantifies the trustworthiness between users in the cooperation. For given trust degree, we investigate the user cooperation strategies, which include the power allocation and precoder design for various antenna configurations. Read More

Policy iteration (PI) is a recursive process of policy evaluation and improvement to solve an optimal decision-making, e.g., reinforcement learning (RL) or optimal control problem and has served as the fundamental to develop RL methods. Read More

2017May
Affiliations: 1Durham University, 2Durham University, 3, Australian National University, 4Stockholm University, 5University of Massachusetts-Amherst, 6University of Toledo, 7University of Pisa, 8University of Wyoming, 9IBM Research Division, 10University of Wisconsin-Madison, 11University of Heidelberg, 12University of Massachusetts-Amherst, 13University of Heidelberg, 14University of Virginia, 15STScI, 16INAF, 17UNAM

We present the implementation of a Bayesian formalism within the Stochastically Lighting Up Galaxies (SLUG) stellar population synthesis code, which is designed to investigate variations in the initial mass function (IMF) of star clusters. By comparing observed cluster photometry to large libraries of clusters simulated with a continuously varying IMF, our formalism yields the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) of the cluster mass, age, and extinction, jointly with the parameters describing the IMF. We apply this formalism to a sample of star clusters from the nearby galaxy NGC 628, for which broad-band photometry in five filters is available as part of the Legacy ExtraGalactic UV Survey (LEGUS). Read More

The puzzle of $\RDs$ associated with $B\to\Ds\tau\nu$ decay is addressed in the two-HIggs-doublet model. An anomalous coupling of $\tau$ to the charged Higgs is introduced to fit the data from BaBar, Belle, and LHCb. It is shown that all of the four types of the model yield similar values of the minimum $\chi^2$. Read More

Semiconductor nanowires provide an ideal platform for various low-dimensional quantum devices. In particular, topological phases of matter hosting non-Abelian quasi-particles can emerge when a semiconductor nanowire with strong spin-orbit coupling is brought in contact with a superconductor. To fully exploit the potential of non-Abelian anyons for topological quantum computing, they need to be exchanged in a well-controlled braiding operation. Read More

We report the large effort which is producing comprehensive high-level young star cluster (YSC) catalogues for a significant fraction of galaxies observed with the Legacy ExtraGalactic UV Survey (LEGUS) Hubble treasury program. We present the methodology developed to extract cluster positions, verify their genuine nature, produce multiband photometry (from NUV to NIR), and derive their physical properties via spectral energy distribution fitting analyses. We use the nearby spiral galaxy NGC628 as a test case for demonstrating the impact that LEGUS will have on our understanding of the formation and evolution of YSCs and compact stellar associations within their host galaxy. Read More

This paper proposes a deep cerebellar model articulation controller (DCMAC) for adaptive noise cancellation (ANC). We expand upon the conventional CMAC by stacking sin-gle-layer CMAC models into multiple layers to form a DCMAC model and derive a modified backpropagation training algorithm to learn the DCMAC parameters. Com-pared with conventional CMAC, the DCMAC can characterize nonlinear transformations more effectively because of its deep structure. Read More

We conjecture that in Yang-Mills theories the ratio between the ground-state glueball mass squared and the string tension is proportional to the ratio of the eigenvalues of quadratic Casimir operators in the adjoint and the fundamental representations. The proportionality constant depends on the dimension of the space-time only, and is henceforth universal. We argue that this universality, which is supported by available lattice results, is a direct consequence of area-law confinement. Read More

In this paper, we propose a novel method to jointly solve scene layout estimation and global registration problems for accurate indoor 3D reconstruction. Given a sequence of range data, we first build a set of scene fragments using KinectFusion and register them through pose graph optimization. Afterwards, we alternate between layout estimation and layout-based global registration processes in iterative fashion to complement each other. Read More

Hypothesis testing in the linear regression model is a fundamental statistical problem. We consider linear regression in the high-dimensional regime where the number of parameters exceeds the number of samples ($p> n$) and assume that the high-dimensional parameters vector is $s_0$ sparse. We develop a general and flexible $\ell_\infty$ projection statistic for hypothesis testing in this model. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

SS~433 is an X-ray binary and the source of sub-relativistic, precessing, baryonic jets. We present high-resolution spectrograms of SS 433 in the infrared H and K bands. The spectrum is dominated by hydrogen and helium emission lines. Read More

TUS (Tracking Ultraviolet Set-up), the first orbital detector of extreme energy cosmic rays (EECRs), those with energies above 50 EeV, was launched into orbit on April 28, 2016, as a part of the Lomonosov satellite scientific payload. The main aim of the mission is to test a technique of registering fluorescent and Cherenkov radiation of extensive air showers generated by EECRs in the atmosphere with a space telescope. We present preliminary results of its operation in a mode dedicated to registering extensive air showers in the period from August 16, 2016, to November 4, 2016. Read More

In this paper, a reduced model of quasilinear diffusion by a small Larmor radius approximation is derived to couple the Maxwell's equations and the Fokker-Planck equation self-consistently for ion cyclotron range of frequency waves in a tokamak. The reduced model ensures the important properties of the full model by Kennel-Engelmann diffusion, such as diffusion directions, wave polarizations, and H-theorem. The kinetic energy change (W-dot) is used to derive the reduced model diffusion coefficients for the fundamental damping and the second harmonic damping to the lowest order of the finite Larmor radius expansion. Read More

We consider scenarios in which we wish to perform joint scene understanding, object tracking, activity recognition, and other tasks in environments in which multiple people are wearing body-worn cameras while a third-person static camera also captures the scene. To do this, we need to establish person-level correspondences across first- and third-person videos, which is challenging because the camera wearer is not visible from his/her own egocentric video, preventing the use of direct feature matching. In this paper, we propose a new semi-Siamese Convolutional Neural Network architecture to address this novel challenge. Read More

Implementation of antiferromagnetic compounds as active elements in spintronics has been hindered by their insensitive nature against external perturbations which causes difficulties in switching among different antiferromagnetic spin configurations. Electrically-controllable strain gradient can become a key parameter to tune the antiferromagnetic states of multiferroic materials. We have discovered a correlation between an electrically-written straight-stripe mixed-phase boundary and an in-plane antiferromagnetic spin axis in highly-elongated La-5%-doped BiFeO$_{3}$ thin films by performing polarization-dependent photoemission electron microscopy in conjunction with cluster model calculations. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: S. Mathur, A. Gupta, K. Page, R. W. Pogge, Y. Krongold, M. R. Goad, S. M. Adams, M. D. Anderson, P. Arevalo, A. J. Barth, C. Bazhaw, T. G. Beatty, M. C. Bentz, A. Bigley, S. Bisogni, G. A. Borman, T. A. Boroson, M. C. Bottorff, W. N. Brandt, A. A. Breeveld, J. E. Brown, J. S. Brown, E. M. Cackett, G. Canalizo, M. T. Carini, K. I. Clubb, J. M. Comerford, C. T. Coker, E. M. Corsini, D. M. Crenshaw, S. Croft, K. V. Croxall, E. Dalla Bonta, A. J. Deason, K. D. Denney, A. De Lorenzo-Caceres, G. De Rosa, M. Dietrich, R. Edelson, J. Ely, M. Eracleous, P. A. Evans, M. M. Fausnaugh, G. J. Ferland, A. V. Filippenko, K. Flatland, O. D. Fox, E. L. Gates, N. Gehrels, S. Geier, J. M. Gelbord, V. Gorjian, J. E. Greene, C. J. Grier, D. Grupe, P. B. Hall, C. B. Henderson, S. Hicks, E. Holmbeck, T. W. -S. Holoien, D. Horenstein, Keith Horne, T. Hutchison, M. Im, J. J. Jensen, C. A. Johnson, M. D. Joner, J. Jones, J. Kaastra, S. Kaspi, B. C. Kelly, P. L. Kelly, J. A. Kennea, M. Kim, S. Kim, S. C. Kim, A. King, S. A. Klimanov, C. S. Kochanek, K. T. Korista, G. A. Kriss, M. W. Lau, J. C. Lee, D. C. Leonard, M. Li, P. Lira, Z. Ma, F. MacInnis, E. R. Manne-Nicholas, M. A. Malkan, J. C. Mauerhan, R. McGurk, I. M. McHardy, C. Montouri, L. Morelli, A. Mosquera, D. Mudd, F. Muller-Sanchez, R. Musso, S. V. Nazarov, H. Netzer, M. L. Nguyen, R. P. Norris, J. A. Nousek, P. Ochner, D. N. Okhmat, B. Ou-Yang, A. Pancoast, I. Papadakis, J. R. Parks, L. Pei, B. M. Peterson, A. Pizzella, R. Poleski, J. -U. Pott, S. E. Rafter, H. -W. Rix, J. Runnoe, D. A. Saylor, J. S. Schimoia, K. Schnülle, S. G. Sergeev, B. J. Shappee, I. Shivvers, M. Siegel, G. V. Simonian, A. Siviero, A. Skielboe, G. Somers, M. Spencer, D. Starkey, D. J. Stevens, H. -I. Sung, J. Tayar, N. Tejos, C. S. Turner, P. Uttley, J. Van Saders, M. Vestergaard, L. Vican, S. VillanuevaJr., C. Villforth, Y. Weiss, J. -H. Woo, H. Yan, S. Young, H. Yuk, W. Zheng, W. Zhu, Y. Zu

During the Space Telescope and Optical Reverberation Mapping Project (STORM) observations of NGC 5548, the continuum and emission-line variability became de-correlated during the second half of the 6-month long observing campaign. Here we present Swift and Chandra X-ray spectra of NGC 5548 obtained as a part of the campaign. The Swift spectra show that excess flux (relative to a power-law continuum) in the soft X-ray band appears before the start of the anomalous emission-line behavior, peaks during the period of the anomaly, and then declines. Read More

New wave of the technology revolution, often referred to as the fourth industrial revolution, is changing the way we live, work, and communicate with each other. These days, we are witnessing the emergence of unprecedented services and applications requiring lower latency, better reliability massive connection density, and improved energy efficiency. In accordance with this trend and change, international telecommunication union (ITU) defined three representative service categories, viz. Read More

Perovskite oxide heterostructures offer an important path forward for stabilizing and controlling low-dimensional magnetism. One of the guiding design principles for these materials systems is octahedral connectivity. In superlattices composed of perovskites with different crystal symmetries, variation of the relative ratio of the constituent layers as well as the individual layer thicknesses gives rise to non-equilibrium crystal symmetries that, in turn, lead to unprecedented control of interfacial ferromagnetism. Read More

This is an ongoing review on the brief history of the scalar field dark matter model also known as fuzzy dark matter, BEC dark matter, wave dark matter, or ultra-light axion. In this model ultra-light scalar dark matter particles with mass $m = O(10^{-22})eV$ condense in a single Bose-Einstein condensate state and behave collectively like a classical wave. Galactic dark matter halos can be described as a self-gravitating coherent scalar field configuration called boson stars. Read More

Polar compensation can play an important role in the determination of interfacial electronic and magnetic properties in oxide heterostructures. Using x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, bulk magnetometry, and transport measurements, we find that interfacial charge redistribution via polar compensation is essential for explaining the evolution of interfacial ferromagnetism in LaNiO$_3$/CaMnO$_3$ superlattices as a function of LaNiO$_3$ layer thickness. In insulating superlattices (4 unit cells or less of LaNiO$_3$), magnetism is dominated by Ni-Mn superexchange, while itinerant electron-based Mn-Mn double-exchange plays a role in thicker metallic superlattices. Read More

Fragmentation cross section of $^{28}$Si + $^{9}$Be reaction at 75.8 MeV/u was analyzed for studying the decay mode of single-proton emission in $^{21}$Al (the proton-rich nucleus with neutron closed-shell of $N = 8$ and $T_z = -5/2$). With the comparison between the measured fragmentation cross section and the theoretical cross section produced by EPAX3. Read More

By the recursion operator of the Kaup-Newell hierarchy we construct the Relativistic Derivative NLS (RDNLS) equation and the corresponding Lax pair. In the non-relativistic limit $c \rightarrow \infty$ it reduces to DNLS equation and preserves integrability at any order of relativistic corrections. The compact explicit representation of the linear problem for this equation becomes possible due to notions of the q-calculus with two bases, one of which is the recursion operator, and another one is the spectral parameter. Read More

Much effort has been devoted to device and materials engineering to realize nanoscale resistance random access memory (RRAM) for practical applications, but there still lacks a rational physical basis to be relied on to design scalable devices spanning many length scales. In particular, the critical switching criterion is not clear for RRAM devices in which resistance changes are limited to localized nanoscale filaments that experience concentrated heat, electric current and field. Here, we demonstrate voltage-controlled resistance switching for macro and nano devices in both filamentary RRAM and nanometallic RRAM, the latter switches uniformly and does not require forming. Read More

The low-lying unbound level structure of the halo nucleus $^{19}\textrm{C}$ has been investigated using single-neutron knockout from $^{20}\textrm{C}$ on a carbon target at 280 MeV/nucleon. The invariant mass spectrum, derived from the momenta of the forward going beam velocity $^{18}\textrm{C}$ fragment and neutrons, was found to be dominated by a very narrow near threshold ($E_\textrm{rel}$ = 0.036(1) MeV) peak. Read More

We systematically analyzed magnetodielectric resonances of Se colloids for the first time to exploit the possibility for use as building blocks of all-dielectric optical metafluids. By taking synergistic advantages of Se colloids, including (i) high-refractive-index at optical frequencies, (ii) unprecedented structural uniformity, and (iii) versatile access to copious quantities, the Kerker-type directional light scattering resulting from efficient coupling between strong electric and magnetic resonances were observed directly from Se colloidal suspension. Thus, the use of Se colloid as a generic magnetodielectric building block highlights an opportunity for the fluidic low-loss optical antenna, which can be processed via spin-coating and painting. Read More

Primary cosmic-ray elemental spectra have been measured with the balloon-borne Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass (CREAM) experiment since 2004. The third CREAM payload (CREAM-III) flew for 29 days during the 2007-2008 Antarctic season. Energies of incident particles above 1 TeV are measured with a calorimeter. Read More

In this note, we characterize all functions $f : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that $f(x_1^2+ \cdots + x_k^2)=f(x_1)^2+ \cdots + f(x_k)^2$, where $k \geq 3$ and $x_1, \cdots, x_k$ are positive integers. Read More

Recently, locally repairable codes (LRCs) with local erasure correction constraints that are unequal and disjoint have been proposed. In this work, we study the same topic and provide some improved and additional results. Read More

Over 50 million scholarly articles have been published: they constitute a unique repository of knowledge. In particular, one may infer from them relations between scientific concepts, such as synonyms and hyponyms. Artificial neural networks have been recently explored for relation extraction. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More