J. Kuhn - IfA Hawaii

J. Kuhn
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J. Kuhn
IfA Hawaii
United States

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Pub Categories

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (27)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (12)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (8)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Mathematics - Probability (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)

Publications Authored By J. Kuhn

We consider the problem of translating high-level textual descriptions to formal representations in technical documentation as part of an effort to model the meaning of such documentation. We focus specifically on the problem of learning translational correspondences between text descriptions and grounded representations in the target documentation, such as formal representation of functions or code templates. Our approach exploits the parallel nature of such documentation, or the tight coupling between high-level text and the low-level representations we aim to learn. Read More

A common assumption when modeling queuing systems is that arrivals behave like a Poisson process with constant parameter. In practice, however, call arrivals are often observed to be significantly overdispersed. This motivates that in this paper we consider a mixed Poisson arrival process with arrival rates that are resampled every $N^{a}$ time units, where $a> 0$ and $N$ a scaling parameter. Read More

We extend the ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^5)$ result of the analytic calculation of the quark mass anomalous dimension in pQCD [1] to the case of a generic gauge group. We present explicit formulas which express the relevant renormalization constants in terms of four-loop massless propagators. We also use our result to shed new light on the old puzzle of the absence of even zetas in results of perturbative calculations for a class of physical observables. Read More

We present $H$-band scattered light imaging of a bright debris disk around the A0 star HD 36546 obtained from the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) system with data recorded by the HiCIAO camera using the vector vortex coronagraph. SCExAO traces the disk from $r$ $\sim$ 0.3" to $r$ $\sim$ 1" (34--114 au). Read More

Technology has become an essential part in every aspect of our lives. However the key to a successful implementation of a technology depends on the acceptance by the general public. In order to increase the acceptance various approaches can be applied. Read More

The Sun's internal rotation {\Omega}(r,{\Theta}) has previously been measured using helioseismology techniques and found to be a complex function of co-latitude, {\theta}, and radius, r. From helioseismology and observations of apparently "rooted" solar magnetic tracers we know that the surface rotates more slowly than much of the interior. The cause of this slow-down is not understood but it is important for understanding stellar rotation generally and any plausible theory of the solar interior. Read More

The daytime sky has been recently demonstrated as a useful calibration tool for deriving polarization cross-talk properties of large astronomical telescopes. The Daniel K Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST) and other large telescopes under construction can benefit from precise polarimetric calibration of large mirrors. Several atmospheric phenomena and instrumental errors potentially limit the techniques accuracy. Read More

Theory results on precision measurements in electron-positron annihilation at low and high energies are collected. These cover pure QCD calculations as well as mixed electroweak and QCD results, involving light and heavy quarks. The impact of QCD corrections on the $W$-boson mass is discussed and, last not least, the status and the perspectives for the Higgs boson decay rate into $b\bar b$, $c\bar c$ and into two gluons. Read More

We analytically compute the five-loop term in the beta function which governs the running of $\alpha_s$ --- the quark-gluon coupling constant in QCD. The new term leads to a reduction of the theory uncertainty in $\alpha_s$ taken at the Z-boson scale as extracted from the $\tau$-lepton decays as well as to new, improved by one more order of perturbation theory, predictions for the effective coupling constants of the Standard Model Higgs boson to gluons and for its total decay rate to the quark-antiquark pairs. Read More

We present a new instrument, the "Stellar Double Coronagraph" (SDC), a flexible coronagraphic platform. Designed for Palomar Observatory's 200" Hale telescope, its two focal and pupil planes allow for a number of different observing configurations, including multiple vortex coronagraphs in series for improved contrast at small angles. We describe the motivation, design, observing modes, wavefront control approaches, data reduction pipeline, and early science results. Read More

Structure functions, as measured in lepton-nucleon scattering, have proven to be very useful in studying the quark dynamics within the nucleon. However, it is experimentally difficult to separately determine the longitudinal and transverse structure functions, and consequently there are substantially less data available for the longitudinal structure function in particular. Here we present separated structure functions for hydrogen and deuterium at low four--momentum transfer squared, Q^2< 1 GeV^2, and compare these with parton distribution parameterizations and a k_T factorization approach. Read More

Direct, resonant production of the charmonium states $\chi_{c1}$ and $\chi_{c2}$ in electron-positron annihilation is investigated. Depending on details of the model, a sizeable variation of the prediction for the production cross section is anticipated. It is demonstrated that resonant production could be observed under favorable circumstances. Read More

The Hokupa'a-85 curvature adaptive optics system components have been adapted to create a new AO-corrected coud\'{e} instrument at the 3.67m Advanced Electro-Optical System (AEOS) telescope. This new AO-corrected optical path is designed to deliver an f/40 diffraction-limited focus at wavelengths longer than 800nm. Read More

This document provides a writeup of all contributions to the workshop on "High precision measurements of $\alpha_s$: From LHC to FCC-ee" held at CERN, Oct. 12--13, 2015. The workshop explored in depth the latest developments on the determination of the QCD coupling $\alpha_s$ from 15 methods where high precision measurements are (or will be) available. Read More

We report the discovery of a low-mass companion to HR3549, an A0V star surrounded by a debris disk with a warm excess detected by WISE at 22 $\mu$m ($10\sigma$ significance). We imaged HR3549 B in the L-band with NAOS-CONICA, the adaptive optics infrared camera of the Very Large Telescope, in January 2013 and confirmed its common proper motion in January 2015. The companion is at a projected separation of $\simeq 80$ AU and position angle of $\simeq 157^\circ$, so it is orbiting well beyond the warm disk inner edge of $r > 10$ AU. Read More

The Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme Adaptive Optics (SCExAO) instrument is a multipurpose high-contrast imaging platform designed for the discovery and detailed characterization of exoplanetary systems and serves as a testbed for high-contrast imaging technologies for ELTs. It is a multi-band instrument which makes use of light from 600 to 2500nm allowing for coronagraphic direct exoplanet imaging of the inner 3 lambda/D from the stellar host. Wavefront sensing and control are key to the operation of SCExAO. Read More

We present a direct image of the innermost companion to the red giant delta Andromedae using the Stellar Double Coronagraph at the Palomar Observatory. We use a Markov chain Monte Carlo based algorithm to simultaneously reduce the data and perform astrometry and photometry of the companion. We determine that the companion is most likely a main-sequence K-type star and is certainly not the previously hypothesized white dwarf. Read More

The ability to characterize exoplanets by spectroscopy of their atmospheres requires direct imaging techniques to isolate planet signal from the bright stellar glare. One of the limitations with the direct detection of exoplanets, either with ground- or space-based coronagraphs, is pointing errors and other low-order wavefront aberrations. The coronagraphic detection sensitivity at the diffraction limit therefore depends on how well low-order aberrations upstream of the focal plane mask are corrected. Read More

Spectropolarimetric measurements at moderate spectral resolutions are effective tracers of stellar magnetic fields and circumstellar environments when signal to noise ratios (SNRs) above 2000 can be achieved. The LRISp spectropolarimeter is capable of achieving these SNRs on faint targets with the 10m aperture of the Keck telescope, provided several instrumental artifacts can be suppressed. We describe here several methods to overcome instrumental error sources that are required to achieve these high SNRs on LRISp. Read More

Well-calibrated spectropolarimetry studies at resolutions of $R>$10,000 with signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) better than 0.01\% across individual line profiles, are becoming common with larger aperture telescopes. Spectropolarimetric studies require high SNR observations and are often limited by instrument systematic errors. Read More

We report on recent Ks-band interferometric observations of the young pre-main-sequence star AB Aurigae obtained with the Palomar Fiber Nuller (PFN). Reaching a contrast of a few 10-4 inside a field of view extending from 35 to 275 mas (5-40AU at AB Aur's distance), the PFN is able to explore angular scales that are intermediate between those accessed by coronagraphic imaging and long baseline interferometry. This intermediate region is of special interest given that many young stellar objects are believed to harbor extended halos at such angular scales. Read More

A brief discussion of massive tadpole diagrams and their phenomenological consequences is presented. This includes predictions of the $\rho$ parameter and, as a consequence, the mass of the $W$ boson, implications on the charm and bottom quark masses from the moments, i.e. Read More

This is a short review of recent developments in calculation of higher order corrections to various two-point correlators and related quantities in (massless) QCD. Read More

We present the first observations obtained with the L'-band AGPM vortex coronagraph recently installed on LBTI/LMIRCam. The AGPM (Annular Groove Phase Mask) is a vector vortex coronagraph made from diamond subwavelength gratings. It is designed to improve the sensitivity and dynamic range of high-resolution imaging at very small inner working angles, down to 0. Read More

New parametrisation for the electric and the magnetic form factors of proton and neutron are presented. The proton form factors describe well the recent measurements by BaBar collaboration and earlier ones of the ratio of the form factors in space-like region. The neutron form factors are consistent with earlier measurements of neutron pair production and ratio of the form factors in the space-like region. Read More

High throughput, low inner working angle (IWA) phase masks coronagraphs are essential to directly image and characterize (via spectroscopy) earth-like planets. However, the performance of low-IWA coronagraphs is limited by residual pointing errors and other low-order modes. The extent to which wavefront aberrations upstream of the coronagraph are corrected and calibrated drives coronagraphic performance. Read More

We report first results of an ongoing project devoted to the analytical calculation of the QCD $\beta$-function and the quark mass anomalous dimension at the five loop level. Read More

We present the results of the first complete analytic calculation of the quark mass and field anomalous dimensions to ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^5)$ in QCD. Read More

The detailed study of vector-boson pair production processes at the LHC will lead to a better understanding of electroweak physics. As pointed out before, a consistent inclusion of higher-order electroweak effects in the analysis of corresponding experimental data may be crucial to properly predict the relevant phenomenological features of these important reactions. Those contributions lead to dramatic distortions of invariant-mass and angular distributions at high energies, but may also significantly affect the cross section near threshold, as is the case e. Read More

Vector-boson pair production is of great phenomenological importance at the LHC. These processes will help to validate the Standard Model at highest energies, and they may also open the door for the discovery of new physics potentially showing up in subtle modifications of the non-abelian structure of weak interactions. In this letter, we review the status of the corresponding theory predictions, focusing on the higher-order electroweak corrections. Read More

We model the spectra of two brown dwarfs observed with the low resolution spectropolarimeter LRIS (Keck observatory) during several rotational phases in order to infer their magnetic properties. The spectra modeled include the intensity signal (Stokes I/Ic) as well as the polarimetric signals (Stokes Q/Ic, U/Ic, and V/Ic), all coming from the 0-0 vibrational band of the CrH molecule at approx. 8610 A. Read More

In this paper easily applicable techniques are devised for detecting changepoints in autocorrelated Gaussian sequences. Our method proceeds by sequential evaluation of a CUSUM-type test statistic, which is compared to a predefined threshold. We assume that data is tested in sliding windows of fixed size. Read More

The precise determination of the cross section for electron-positron annihilation into hadrons is one of the central tasks of ongoing experiments at low energy colliders. These measurements have to be complemented by Monte Carlo generators which simulate a large number of final states and include higher order radiative corrections. With this motivation in mind the generator PHOKHARA is extended to allow for the simulation of final states with zero, one or two real photons. Read More

Affiliations: 1ed., 2ed., 3ed., 4ed., 5ed., 6ed., 7ed., 8ed., 9ed., 10ed., 11ed., 12ed., 13ed., 14ed., 15ed., 16ed., 17ed., 18ed., 19ed., 20ed., 21ed.

The mini-proceedings of the Workshop on "Constraining the hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment" which included the "13th meeting of the Radio MonteCarLow WG" and the "Satellite meeting R-Measurements at BES-III" held in Trento from April 10th to 12th, 2013, are presented. This collaboration meeting aims to bring together the experimental e+e- collider communities from BaBar, Belle, BESIII, CMD2, KLOE, and SND, with theorists working in the fields of meson transitions form factors, hadronic contributions to (g-2)_\mu and effective fine structure constant, and development of Monte Carlo generator and Radiative Corrections for precision e+e- and tau physics. Read More

Weak corrections for top-quark pair production at hadron colliders are revisited. Predictions for collider energies of 8 TeV, adopted to the recent LHC run, and for 13 as well as 14 TeV, presumably relevant for the next round of LHC experiments, are presented. Kinematic regions with large momentum transfer are identified, where the corrections become large and may lead to strong distortions of differential distributions, thus mimicking anomalous top quark couplings. Read More

Building on earlier work on electroweak corrections to W-pair production, the first calculation of the full electroweak one-loop corrections to on-shell ZZ, W$^{\pm}$Z and $\gamma\gamma$ production at hadron colliders is presented, explicitly taking into account the full vector-boson mass dependence. As a consequence, our results are valid in the whole energy range probed by LHC experiments. Until now, the electroweak corrections have only been known in dedicated high-energy approximations limited to a specific kinematic regime, in particular requiring high boson transverse momenta. Read More

We report on our calculation of the order \alpha_s^4 axial singlet contributions for the decay rates of the Z-boson as well as the vector singlet contribution to the cross section for electron-positron annihilation into hadrons. Together with recently finished O(\alpha_s^4) calculations of the non-signlet corrections [1,2], the new results directly lead us to the first complete O(\alpha_s^4) predictions for the total hadronic decay rate of the Z-boson and the ratio R(s). Read More

Vector-boson pair production is of great phenomenological importance at the LHC. These processes will help to validate the Standard Model at highest energies, and they may also open the door for the discovery of new physics potentially showing up in subtle modifications of the non-abelian structure of weak interactions. In this letter, we present the first full $\mathcal{O}(\alpha^3)$ analysis of on-shell W$^\pm$Z and Z-pair production at the LHC with all mass effects consistently included. Read More

Vector-boson pair production ranks among the most important Standard-Model benchmark processes at the LHC, not only in view of on-going Higgs analyses. These processes may also help to gain a deeper understanding of the electroweak interaction in general, and to test the validity of the Standard Model at highest energies. In this work, the first calculation of the full one-loop electroweak corrections to on-shell W-boson pair production at hadron colliders is presented. Read More

In this paper we compute the four-loop corrections to the QED photon self-energy Pi(Q^2) in the two limits of q=0 and Q^2->infinity. These results are used to explicitly construct the conversion relations between the QED charge renormalized in on-shell(OS) and MSbar scheme. Using these relations and results of Baikov et al. Read More

We present a concise summary of recent results for the vector correlator in massless QCD at order ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^4)$, with all colour factors being given for a generic colour group. As a direct consequence we arrive at: (i) the full QCD contribution to the QED $\beta$--function of order $\alpha^2\, \alpha_s^4$ in the MSbar- and MOM-schemes; (ii) the full five-loop result of order $\alpha^6$ for the $\beta$-function of QED with a generic number of single-charged fermions, again for the MSbar- and MOM-schemes. Read More

The analytic result for the singlet part of the Adler function of the vector current in a general gauge theory is presented in five-loop approximation. Comparing this result with the corresponding singlet part of the Gross-Llewellyn Smith sum rule [1], we successfully demonstrate the validity of the generalized Crewther relation for the singlet part. This provides a non-trivial test of both our calculations and the generalized Crewther relation. Read More

The Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) aboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory observed the transits of Mercury on 2003 May 7 and 2006 November 8. Contact times between Mercury and the solar limb have been used since the 17th century to derive the Sun's size but this is the first time that high-quality imagery from space, above the Earth's atmosphere, has been available. Unlike other measurements this technique is largely independent of optical distortion. Read More

Corrections of order $\alpha_s^4$ for the axial singlet contributions for the decay rates of the $Z$-boson into hadrons are evaluated in the limit of the heavy top quark mass. Combined with recently finished ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^4)$ calculations of the non-signlet corrections, the new results directly lead us to the first {\em complete} ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^4)$ prediction for the total hadronic decay rate of the Z-boson. The new ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^4)$ term in Z-decay rate lead to a significant stabilization of the perturbative series, to a reduction of the theory uncertainty in the strong coupling constant $\alpha_s$, as extracted from these measurements, and to a small shift of the central value. Read More

A sizeable difference in the differential production cross section of top- compared to antitop-quark production, denoted charge asymmetry, has been observed at the Tevatron. The experimental results seem to exceed the theory predictions based on the Standard Model by a significant amount and have triggered a large number of suggestions for "new physics". In the present paper the Standard Model predictions for Tevatron and LHC experiments are revisited. Read More

These are the proceedings of the "Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas" held at the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich, February 9-11, 2011. The workshop explored in depth the determination of alphas(mZ) in the MS-bar scheme from the key categories where high precision measurements are currently being made, including DIS and global PDF fits, tau-decays, electroweak precision observables and Z-decays, event-shapes, and lattice QCD. These proceedings contain a short summary contribution from the speakers, as well as the lists of authors, conveners, participants, and talks. Read More

An analysis of the cross section for hadronic production of gluino-squark pairs close to threshold is presented. Within the framework of non-relativistic QCD a significant enhancement compared to fixed order perturbation theory is observed which originates from the characteristic remnants of the gluino-squark resonances below the nominal pair threshold. The analysis includes all colour configurations of S-wave gluino-squark pairs, i. Read More

The next-to-leading order analysis of the cross section of hadronic gluino pair production close to threshold is presented. Within the framework of non-relativistic QCD a significant enhancement compared to fixed order perturbation theory is observed which originates from the characteristic remnant of the 1S peak below the nominal pair threshold. This enhancement is similar to the corresponding one for top production. Read More

Telescopes often modify the input polarization of a source so that the measured circular or linear output state of the optical signal can be signficantly different from the input. This mixing, or polarization "cross-talk", is defined by the optical system Mueller matrix. We describe here an efficient method for recovering the input polarization state of the light and the full 4 x 4 Mueller matrix of the telescope with an accuracy of a few percent without external masks or telescope hardware modification. Read More

Authors: G0 Collaboration, D. Androic, D. S. Armstrong, J. Arvieux, R. Asaturyan, T. D. Averett, S. L. Bailey, G. Batigne, D. H. Beck, E. J. Beise, J. Benesch, F. Benmokhtar, L. Bimbot, J. Birchall, A. Biselli, P. Bosted, H. Breuer, P. Brindza, C. L. Capuano, R. D. Carlini, R. Carr, N. Chant, Y. -C. Chao, R. Clark, A. Coppens, S. D. Covrig, A. Cowley, D. Dale, C. A. Davis, C. Ellis, W. R. Falk, H. Fenker, J. M. Finn, T. Forest, G. Franklin, R. Frascaria, C. Furget, D. Gaskell, M. T. W. Gericke, J. Grames, K. A. Griffioen, K. Grimm, G. Guillard, B. Guillon, H. Guler, K. Gustafsson, L. Hannelius, J. Hansknecht, R. D. Hasty, A. M. Hawthorne Allen, T. Horn, T. M. Ito, K. Johnston, M. Jones, P. Kammel, R. Kazimi, P. M. King, A. Kolarkar, E. Korkmaz, W. Korsch, S. Kox, J. Kuhn, J. Lachniet, R. Laszewski, L. Lee, J. Lenoble, E. Liatard, J. Liu, A. Lung, G. A. MacLachlan, J. Mammei, D. Marchand, J. W. Martin, D. J. Mack, K. W. McFarlane, D. W. McKee, R. D. McKeown, F. Merchez, M. Mihovilovic, A. Micherdzinska, H. Mkrtchyan, B. Moffit, M. Morlet, M. Muether, J. Musson, K. Nakahara, R. Neveling, S. Niccolai, D. Nilsson, S. Ong, S. A. Page, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, S. K. Phillips, P. Pillot, M. L. Pitt, M. Poelker, T. A. Porcelli, G. Quemener, B. P. Quinn, W. D. Ramsay, A. W. Rauf, J. -S. Real, T. Ries, J. Roche P. Roos, G. A. Rutledge, J. Schaub, J. Secrest, T. Seva, N. Simicevic, G. R. Smith, D. T. Spayde, S. Stepanyan, M. Stutzman, R. Suleiman, V. Tadevosyan, R. Tieulent, J. van de Wiele, W. T. H. van Oers, M. Versteegen, E. Voutier, W. F. Vulcan, S. P. Wells, G. Warren, S. E. Williamson, R. J. Woo, S. A. Wood, C. Yan, J. Yun, V. Zeps

In the G0 experiment, performed at Jefferson Lab, the parity-violating elastic scattering of electrons from protons and quasi-elastic scattering from deuterons is measured in order to determine the neutral weak currents of the nucleon. Asymmetries as small as 1 part per million in the scattering of a polarized electron beam are determined using a dedicated apparatus. It consists of specialized beam-monitoring and control systems, a cryogenic hydrogen (or deuterium) target, and a superconducting, toroidal magnetic spectrometer equipped with plastic scintillation and aerogel Cerenkov detectors, as well as fast readout electronics for the measurement of individual events. Read More