J. K. Xia - Daya Bay Collaboration

J. K. Xia
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J. K. Xia
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Daya Bay Collaboration
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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (13)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (12)
 
Physics - Materials Science (10)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (9)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (9)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (7)
 
Nuclear Experiment (6)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (2)
 
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)

Publications Authored By J. K. Xia

Laser cooling of relativistic heavy ion beams of Li-like C$^{3+}$ and O$^{4+}$ is being in preparation at the experimental Cooler Storage Ring (CSRe). Recently, a preparatory experiment to test important prerequisites for laser cooling of relativistic $^{12}$C$^{3+}$ ion beams using a pulsed laser system has been performed at the CSRe. Unfortunately, the interaction between the ions and the pulsed laser cannot be detected. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

An intriguing feature of the magnetic skyrmion in a frustrated magnetic system is its helicity-orbital coupling. When the magnetic dipole-dipole interaction (DDI) is neglected, a skyrmion can show a current-induced rotational motion together with a helicity rotation since the energy is independent of the helicity. Here, we explore the skyrmion dynamics in a frustrated magnetic system based on the $J_{1}$-$J_{2}$-$J_{3}$ classical Heisenberg model explicitly by including the DDI. Read More

It has been long hoped that the realization of long-range ferromagnetic order in two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) crystals, combined with their rich electronic and optical properties, would open up new possibilities for magnetic, magnetoelectric and magneto-optic applications. However, in 2D systems, the long-range magnetic order is strongly hampered by thermal fluctuations which may be counteracted by magnetic anisotropy, according to the Mermin-Wagner theorem. Prior efforts via defect and composition engineering, and proximity effect only locally or extrinsically introduce magnetic responses. Read More

Thickness driven electronic phase transitions are broadly observed in different types of functional perovskite heterostructures. However, uncertainty remains whether these effects are solely due to spatial confinement, broken symmetry or rather to a change of structure with varying film thickness. Here, we present direct evidence for the relaxation of oxygen 2p and Mn 3d orbital (p-d) hybridization coupled to the layer dependent octahedral tilts within a La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 film driven by interfacial octahedral coupling. Read More

Luminosity correlations of long Gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are extensively proposed as an effective complementarity to trace the Hubble diagram of Universe at high redshifts, which is of great importance to explore properties of dark energy. Recently, several empirical luminosity correlations have been statistically proposed from GRB observations. However, to treat GRB as the distance indicator, there are two key issues: the redshift evolution of luminosity correlations and their calibrations. Read More

The possible slowing down of cosmic acceleration was widely studied. However, the imposition of dark energy parametrization brought some tensions. In our recent paper, we test this possibility using a model-independent method, Gaussian processes. Read More

We study the motion of magnetic skyrmions in a nanowire induced by a spin-wave current $J$ flowing out of a driving layer close to the edge of the wire. By applying micromagnetic simulation and an analysis of the effective Thiele equation, we find that the skyrmion trajectory is governed by an interplay of both forces due to the magnon current and the wire boundary. The skyrmion is attracted to the driving layer and is accelerated by the repulsive force due to the wire boundary. Read More

We report the detection of a cross-correlation signal between {\it Fermi} Large Area Telescope diffuse gamma-ray maps and catalogs of clusters. In our analysis, we considered three different catalogs: WHL12, redMaPPer and PlanckSZ. They all show a positive correlation with different amplitudes, related to the average mass of the objects in each catalog, which also sets the catalog bias. Read More

This paper proposes a general model for synchronized crowding behavior. An order parameter is introduced to quantify the level of synchronization which is shown a function of percentage of agents in reactive state. Further, synchronization is shown to be driven by the most active agents with the highest volatility. Read More

In this paper, we study the nonlocal Choquard equation $$ -\varepsilon^2 \Delta u_\varepsilon + V u_\varepsilon= (I_\alpha * |u_\varepsilon|^p)|u_\varepsilon|^{p-2}u_\varepsilon $$ where $N\geq 1$, $I_\alpha$ is the Riesz potential of order $\alpha \in (0, N)$ and $\varepsilon>0$ is a parameter. When the nonnegative potential $V\in C (\mathbb{R}^N)$ achieves $0$ with a homogeneous behaviour or on the closure of an open set but remains bounded away from $0$ at infinity, we show the existence of groundstate solutions for small $\varepsilon>0$ and exhibit the concentration behaviour as $\varepsilon\to 0$. Read More

In this paper we use a recently compiled data set, which comprises 118 galactic-scale strong gravitational lensing (SGL) systems to constrain the statistic property of SGL system, as well as the curvature of universe without assuming any fiducial cosmological model. Based on the singular isothermal ellipsoid (SIE) model of SGL system, we obtain that the constrained curvature parameter $\Omega_{\rm k}$ is close to zero from the SGL data, which is consistent with the latest result of planck measurement. More interestingly, we find that the parameter $f$ in the SIE model is strongly correlated with the curvature $\Omega_{\rm k}$. Read More

We demonstrate that linear absorption coefficient (LAC) of a graphene-silicon hybrid waveguide (GSHW) is determined by the optical transmission spectra of a graphene coated symmetrically coupled add-drop silicon microring resonator (SC-ADSMR), of which the value is around 0.23 dB/um. In contrast to the traditional cut-back method, the measured results are not dependent on the coupling efficiency of the fiber tip and the waveguide. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation by the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in detail. Six 2.9-GW$_{\rm th}$ nuclear power reactors of the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power facilities served as intense sources of $\overline{\nu}_{e}$'s. Read More

Superconductivity that spontaneously breaks time-reversal symmetry (TRS) has been found, so far, only in a handful of 3D crystals with bulk inversion symmetry. Here we report an observation of spontaneous TRS breaking in a 2D superconducting system without inversion symmetry: the epitaxial bilayer films of bismuth and nickel. The evidence comes from the onset of the polar Kerr effect at the superconducting transition in the absence of an external magnetic field, detected by the ultrasensitive loop-less fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer. Read More

We investigate the primordial gravitational waves (PGWs) in the general scenario where the inflation is preceded by a pre-inflationary stage with the effective equation of state $w$. Comparing with the results in the usual inflationary models, the power spectrum of PGWs is modified in two aspects: One is the mixture of the perturbation modes caused by he presence of the pre-inflationary period, and the other is the thermal initial state formed at the Planck era of the early Universe. By investigating the observational imprints of these modifications on the B-mode polarization of cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation, we obtain the constraints on the conformal temperature of the thermal gravitational-wave background $T<5. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The disappearance of reactor $\bar{\nu}_e$ observed by the Daya Bay experiment is examined in the framework of a model in which the neutrino is described by a wave packet with a relative intrinsic momentum dispersion $\sigma_\text{rel}$. Three pairs of nuclear reactors and eight antineutrino detectors, each with good energy resolution, distributed among three experimental halls, supply a high-statistics sample of $\bar{\nu}_e$ acquired at nine different baselines. This provides a unique platform to test the effects which arise from the wave packet treatment of neutrino oscillation. Read More

SmB6 is a strongly correlated mixed-valence Kondo insulator with a newly discovered surface state, proposed to be of non-trivial topological origin. However, the surface state dominates electrical conduction only below T* ~ 4 K limiting its scientific investigation and device application. Here, we report the enhancement of T * in SmB6 under the application of tensile strain. Read More

Reliable transport of magnetic skyrmions is required for any future skyrmion-based information processing devices. Here we present a micromagnetic study of the in-plane current-driven motion of a skyrmion in a ferromagnetic nanotrack with spatially sinusoidally varying Gilbert damping and/or non-adiabatic spin-transfer torque coefficients. It is found that the skyrmion moves in a sinusoidal pattern as a result of the spatially varying Gilbert damping and/or non-adiabatic spin-transfer torque in the nanotrack, which could prevent the destruction of the skyrmion caused by the skyrmion Hall effect. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A new measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is reported. The antineutrinos were generated by six 2.9~GW$_{\mathrm{th}}$ nuclear reactors and detected by eight antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (560~m and 600~m flux-weighted baselines) and one far (1640~m flux-weighted baseline) underground experimental halls. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: The Daya Bay collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This Letter reports an improved search for light sterile neutrino mixing in the electron antineutrino disappearance channel with the full configuration of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. With an additional 404 days of data collected in eight antineutrino detectors, this search benefits from 3.6 times the statistics available to the previous publication, as well as from improvements in energy calibration and background reduction. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: Daya Bay, MINOS Collaborations, :, P. Adamson, F. P. An, I. Anghel, A. Aurisano, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, G. Barr, M. Bishai, A. Blake, S. Blyth G. J. Bock, D. Bogert, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, S. V. Cao, T. J. Carroll, C. M. Castromonte, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, R. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. X. Chen, J. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, Y. P. Chen, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Childress, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. A. B. Coelho, L. Corwin, D. Cronin-Hennessy, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, S. De Rijck, Z. Y. Deng, A. V. Devan, N. E. Devenish, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, C. O. Escobar, J. J. Evans, E. Falk, G. J. Feldman, W. Flanagan, M. V. Frohne, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, R. Gill, R. A. Gomes, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. C. Goodman, P. Gouffon, N. Graf, R. Gran, M. Grassi, K. Grzelak, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, A. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, S. R. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, A. Holin, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, J. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, J. Hylen, G. M. Irwin, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, C. James, K. L. Jen, D. Jensen, S. Jetter, X. L. Ji, X. P. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. K. de Jong, J. Joshi, T. Kafka, L. Kang, S. M. S. Kasahara, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, M. Kordosky, M. Kramer, A. Kreymer, 1 K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, K. Lang, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling J. M. Link, P. J. Litchfield, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. C. Liu, J. L. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, P. Lucas, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. B. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, N. Mayer, K. T. McDonald, C. McGivern, R. D. McKeown, M. M. Medeiros, R. Mehdiyev, J. R. Meier, M. D. Messier, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, L. Mualem, J. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, J. K. Nelson, H. B. Newman, H. Y. Ngai, R. J. Nichol, Z. Ning, A. Nowak, J. O'Connor, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, M. Orchanian, R., R. B. Pahlka, J. Paley, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, R. B. Patterson, S. Patton, G. Pawloski, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, A. Perch, M. M. Pfutzner, D. D. Phan, S. Phan-Budd, L. Pinsky, R. K. Plunkett, N. Poonthottathil, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, X. Qiu, A. Radovic, N. Raper, B. Rebel, J. Ren, C. Rosenfeld, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. A. Rubin, P. Sail, M. C. Sanchez, J. Schneps, A. Schreckenberger, P. Schreiner, R. Sharma, S. Moed Sher, A. Sousa, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, R. L. Talaga, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, X. Tian A. Timmons, J. Todd, S. C. Tognini, R. Toner, D. Torretta, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, G. Tzanakos, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, R. C. Webb, A. Weber, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. White, L. Whitehead L. H. Whitehead, T. Wise, S. G. Wojcicki, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye., Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. ZhanC. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

Searches for a light sterile neutrino have been performed independently by the MINOS and the Daya Bay experiments using the muon (anti)neutrino and electron antineutrino disappearance channels, respectively. In this Letter, results from both experiments are combined with those from the Bugey-3 reactor neutrino experiment to constrain oscillations into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions allowed by the LSND and MiniBooNE experiments in a minimally extended four-neutrino flavor framework. Read More

We consider the nonlinear Choquard equation $$ -\Delta u+V u=(I_\alpha \ast \vert u\vert ^p)\vert u\vert ^{p-2}u \qquad \text{ in } \mathbb{R}^N $$ where $N\geq 1$, $I_\alpha$ is the Riesz potential integral operator of order $\alpha \in (0, N)$ and $p > 1$. If the potential $ V \in C (\mathbb{R}^N; [0,+\infty)) $ satisfies the confining condition $$ \liminf\limits_{\vert x\vert \to +\infty}\frac{V(x)}{1+\vert x\vert ^{\frac{N+\alpha}{p}-N}}=+\infty, $$ and $\frac{1}{p} > \frac{N - 2}{N + \alpha}$, we show the existence of a groundstate, of an infinite sequence of solutions of unbounded energy and, when $p \ge 2$ the existence of least energy nodal solution. The constructions are based on suitable weighted compact embedding theorems. Read More

In this paper, we use the model dependent method to revisit the constraint on the well-known cosmic distance duality relation (CDDR). By using the latest SNIa samples, such as Union2.1, JLA and SNLS, we find that the SNIa data alone can not constrain the cosmic opacity parameter $\varepsilon$, which denotes the deviation from the CDDR, $d_{\rm L} = d_{\rm A}(1+z)^{2+\varepsilon}$, very well. Read More

After the recognition of the possibility to implement Majorana fermions using the building blocks of solid-state matters, the detection of this peculiar particle has been an intense focus of research. Here we experimentally demonstrate a collection of Majorana fermions living in a one-dimensional transport channel at the boundary of a superconducting quantum anomalous Hall insulator thin film. A series of topological phase changes are controlled by the reversal of the magnetization, where a half-integer quantized conductance plateau (0. Read More

Much focus was on the possible slowing down of cosmic acceleration under the dark energy parametrization. In the present paper, we investigate this subject using the Gaussian processes (GP), without resorting to a particular template of dark energy. The reconstruction is carried out by abundant data including luminosity distance from Union2, Union2. Read More

Atomically thin transitional metal ditellurides like WTe2 and MoTe2 have triggered tremendous research interests because of their intrinsic nontrivial band structure. They are also predicted to be 2D topological insulators and type-II Weyl semimetals. However, most of the studies on ditelluride atomic layers so far rely on the low-yield and time-consuming mechanical exfoliation method. Read More

A magnetic skyrmionium is a nontopological soliton, which has a doughnut-like out-of-plane spin texture in thin films, and can be phenomenologically viewed as a coalition of two topological magnetic skyrmions with opposite topological numbers. Due to its zero topological number ($Q=0$) and doughnut-like structure, the skyrmionium has its distinctive characteristics as compared to the skyrmion with $Q=\pm 1$. Here we systematically study the generation, manipulation and motion of a skyrmionium in ultrathin magnetic nanostructures by applying a magnetic field or a spin-polarized current. Read More

In this paper, we present direct mass measurements of neutron-rich $^{86}$Kr projectile fragments conducted at the HIRFL-CSR facility in Lanzhou by employing the Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) method. The new mass excesses of $^{52-54}$Sc nuclides are determined to be -40492(82), -38928(114), -34654(540) keV, which show a significant increase of binding energy compared to the reported ones in the Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 (AME12). In particular, $^{53}$Sc and $^{54}$Sc are more bound by 0. Read More

2016Mar
Authors: Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. J. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, T. Konstantin, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This article reports an improved independent measurement of neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. Electron antineutrinos were identified by inverse $\beta$-decays with the emitted neutron captured by hydrogen, yielding a data-set with principally distinct uncertainties from that with neutrons captured by gadolinium. With the final two of eight antineutrino detectors installed, this study used 621 days of data including the previously reported 217-day data set with six detectors. Read More

Spin-Cherenkov effect enables strong excitations of spin waves (SWs) with nonlinear wave dispersions. The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) results in anisotropy and nonreciprocity of SWs propagation. In this work, we study the effect of the interfacial DMI on SW Cherenkov excitations in permalloy thin-film strips within the framework of micromagnetism. Read More

Magnetic skyrmion is a topologically protected magnetic domain-wall structure at nanoscale, which might be a basic building block for advanced spintronic devices. Here, we propose the microwave-driven motion of a magnetic skyrmion in a voltage-gated nanotrack, where the transistor-like function of the magnetic skyrmion is investigated by micromagnetic calculation. It is demonstrated that the microwave field can lead to the motion of the magnetic skyrmion by exciting propagating spin waves, and the motion of the magnetic skyrmion is governed by a gate voltage. Read More

Cosmography is a model-independent description to the cosmic evolution, but suffers a serious convergence issue in confront of the supernova data, especially for high redshift $z>1$. To ensure data in the convergence radius, $y=z/(1+z)$ redshift was defined. However, discussions about the usefulness of $y$-redshift and the leading cause of the issue are commonly absent. Read More

A new accelerator complex, HIAF (the High Intensity Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility), has been approved in China. It is designed to provide intense primary and radioactive ion beams for research in high energy density physics, nuclear physics, atomic physics as well as other applications. In order to achieve a high intensity of up to 5e11 ppp 238U34+, the Compression Ring (CRing) needs to stack more than 5 bunches transferred from the Booster Ring (BRing). Read More

Radio frequency tunable oscillators are vital electronic components for signal generation, characterization, and processing. They are often constructed with a resonant circuit and a 'negative' resistor, such as a Gunn-diode, involving complex structure and large footprints. Here we report that a piece of SmB6, 100 micron in size, works as a current-controlled oscillator in the 30 MHz frequency range. Read More

How the two dimensional (2D) quantum Wigner crystal (WC) transforms into the metallic liquid phase remains to be an outstanding problem in physics. In theories considering the 2D WC to liquid transition in the clean limit, it was suggested that a number of intermediate phases might exist. We have studied the transformation between the metallic fluid phase and the low magnetic field reentrant insulating phase (RIP) which was interpreted as due to WC formation [Qiu et al, PRL 108, 106404 (2012)], in a strongly correlated 2D hole system with large interaction parameter $r_s$ ($\sim~$20-30) and high mobility. Read More

2015Aug
Authors: T. Adam, F. An, G. An, Q. An, N. Anfimov, V. Antonelli, G. Baccolo, M. Baldoncini, E. Baussan, M. Bellato, L. Bezrukov, D. Bick, S. Blyth, S. Boarin, A. Brigatti, T. Brugière, R. Brugnera, M. Buizza Avanzini, J. Busto, A. Cabrera, H. Cai, X. Cai, A. Cammi, D. Cao, G. Cao, J. Cao, J. Chang, Y. Chang, M. Chen, P. Chen, Q. Chen, S. Chen, S. Chen, S. Chen, X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Cheng, D. Chiesa, A. Chukanov, M. Clemenza, B. Clerbaux, D. D'Angelo, H. de Kerret, Z. Deng, Z. Deng, X. Ding, Y. Ding, Z. Djurcic, S. Dmitrievsky, M. Dolgareva, D. Dornic, E. Doroshkevich, M. Dracos, O. Drapier, S. Dusini, M. A. Díaz, T. Enqvist, D. Fan, C. Fang, J. Fang, X. Fang, L. Favart, D. Fedoseev, G. Fiorentini, R. Ford, A. Formozov, R. Gaigher, H. Gan, A. Garfagnini, G. Gaudiot, C. Genster, M. Giammarchi, F. Giuliani, M. Gonchar, G. Gong, H. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Gornushkin, M. Grassi, C. Grewing, V. Gromov, M. Gu, M. Guan, V. Guarino, W. Guo, X. Guo, Y. Guo, M. Göger-Neff, P. Hackspacher, C. Hagner, R. Han, Z. Han, J. Hao, M. He, D. Hellgartner, Y. Heng, D. Hong, S. Hou, Y. Hsiung, B. Hu, J. Hu, S. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, H. Huang, X. Huang, X. Huang, L. Huo, W. Huo, A. Ioannisian, D. Ioannisyan, M. Jeitler, K. Jen, S. Jetter, X. Ji, X. Ji, S. Jian, D. Jiang, X. Jiang, C. Jollet, M. Kaiser, B. Kan, L. Kang, M. Karagounis, N. Kazarian, S. Kettell, D. Korablev, A. Krasnoperov, S. Krokhaleva, Z. Krumshteyn, A. Kruth, P. Kuusiniemi, T. Lachenmaier, L. Lei, R. Lei, X. Lei, R. Leitner, F. Lenz, C. Li, F. Li, F. Li, J. Li, N. Li, S. Li, T. Li, W. Li, W. Li, X. Li, X. Li, X. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Y. Li, Z. Li, H. Liang, H. Liang, J. Liang, M. Licciardi, G. Lin, S. Lin, T. Lin, Y. Lin, I. Lippi, G. Liu, H. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, J. Liu, J. Liu, J. Liu, Q. Liu, Q. Liu, S. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Liu, P. Lombardi, Y. Long, S. Lorenz, C. Lu, F. Lu, H. Lu, J. Lu, J. Lu, J. Lu, B. Lubsandorzhiev, S. Lubsandorzhiev, L. Ludhova, F. Luo, S. Luo, Z. Lv, V. Lyashuk, Q. Ma, S. Ma, X. Ma, X. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, F. Mantovani, Y. Mao, S. Mari, D. Mayilyan, W. McDonough, G. Meng, A. Meregaglia, E. Meroni, M. Mezzetto, J. Min, L. Miramonti, M. Montuschi, N. Morozov, T. Mueller, P. Muralidharan, M. Nastasi, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, I. Nemchenok, Z. Ning, H. Nunokawa, L. Oberauer, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, F. Ortica, H. Pan, A. Paoloni, N. Parkalian, S. Parmeggiano, V. Pec, N. Pelliccia, H. Peng, P. Poussot, S. Pozzi, E. Previtali, S. Prummer, F. Qi, M. Qi, S. Qian, X. Qian, H. Qiao, Z. Qin, G. Ranucci, A. Re, B. Ren, J. Ren, T. Rezinko, B. Ricci, M. Robens, A. Romani, B. Roskovec, X. Ruan, X. Ruan, A. Rybnikov, A. Sadovsky, P. Saggese, G. Salamanna, J. Sawatzki, J. Schuler, A. Selyunin, G. Shi, J. Shi, Y. Shi, V. Sinev, C. Sirignano, M. Sisti, O. Smirnov, M. Soiron, A. Stahl, L. Stanco, J. Steinmann, V. Strati, G. Sun, X. Sun, Y. Sun, Y. Sun, D. Taichenachev, J. Tang, A. Tietzsch, I. Tkachev, W. H. Trzaska, Y. Tung, S. van Waasen, C. Volpe, V. Vorobel, L. Votano, C. Wang, C. Wang, C. Wang, G. Wang, H. Wang, M. Wang, R. Wang, S. Wang, W. Wang, W. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, W. Wei, Y. Wei, M. Weifels, L. Wen, Y. Wen, C. Wiebusch, S. Wipperfurth, S. C. Wong, B. Wonsak, C. Wu, Q. Wu, Z. Wu, M. Wurm, J. Wurtz, Y. Xi, D. Xia, J. Xia, M. Xiao, Y. Xie, J. Xu, J. Xu, L. Xu, Y. Xu, B. Yan, X. Yan, C. Yang, C. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. Yang, E. Yanovich, Y. Yao, M. Ye, X. Ye, U. Yegin, F. Yermia, Z. You, B. Yu, C. Yu, C. Yu, G. Yu, Z. Yu, Y. Yuan, Z. Yuan, M. Zanetti, P. Zeng, S. Zeng, T. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, F. Zhang, G. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, K. Zhang, P. Zhang, Q. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, J. Zhao, M. Zhao, T. Zhao, Y. Zhao, H. Zheng, M. Zheng, X. Zheng, Y. Zheng, W. Zhong, G. Zhou, J. Zhou, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, R. Zhou, S. Zhou, W. Zhou, X. Zhou, Y. Zhou, H. Zhu, K. Zhu, H. Zhuang, L. Zong, J. Zou

The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is proposed to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy using an underground liquid scintillator detector. It is located 53 km away from both Yangjiang and Taishan Nuclear Power Plants in Guangdong, China. The experimental hall, spanning more than 50 meters, is under a granite mountain of over 700 m overburden. Read More

Heavy fermion (HF) materials exhibit a rich array of phenomena due to the strong Kondo coupling between their localized moments and itinerant electrons. A central question in their study is to understand the interplay between magnetic order and charge transport, and its role in stabilizing new quantum phases of matter. Particularly promising in this regard is a family of tetragonal intermetallic compounds Ce{$TX$}$_2$ ($T=$ transition metal, $X=$ pnictogen), that includes a variety of HF compounds showing $T$-linear electronic specific heat $\bf{C_e \sim \gamma T}$, with $\gamma\sim$ 20-500 mJ$\cdot$mol$^{-1}$~K$^{-2}$, reflecting an effective mass enhancement ranging from small to modest. Read More

2015Aug
Authors: Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, J. Dove, E. Draeger, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, K. Y. Leung, J. K. C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. S. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, J. Monari Kebwaro, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This Letter reports a measurement of the flux and energy spectrum of electron antineutrinos from six 2.9~GW$_{th}$ nuclear reactors with six detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1,579~m) underground experimental halls in the Daya Bay experiment. Using 217 days of data, 296,721 and 41,589 inverse beta decay (IBD) candidates were detected in the near and far halls, respectively. Read More

2015Aug
Authors: F. P. An, J. Z. Bai, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, D. Beavis, W. Beriguete, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, R. L. Brown, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, R. Carr, W. R. Cen, W. T. Chan, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, C. Chasman, H. Y. Chen, H. S. Chen, M. J. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. J. Chen, S. M. Chen, X. C. Chen, X. H. Chen, X. S. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Chidzik, K. Chow, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, L. Dong, J. Dove, E. Draeger, X. F. Du, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, S. D. Fang, J. Y. Fu, Z. W. Fu, L. Q. Ge, V. Ghazikhanian, R. Gill, J. Goett, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, Y. A. Gornushkin, M. Grassi, L. S. Greenler, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. L. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, Q. He, W. S. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, P. Hinrichs, T. H. Ho, M. Hoff, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. Z. Huang, H. X. Huang, P. W. Huang, X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, H. J. Jiang, W. Q. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joseph, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, C. Y. Lai, W. C. Lai, W. H. Lai, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, M. K. P. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, K. Y. Leung, C. A. Lewis, B. Li, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, J. Li, N. Y. Li, Q. J. Li, S. F. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. B. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, J. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. X. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, B. J. Liu, C. Liu, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. Liu, S. S. Liu, X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, A. Luk, K. B. Luk, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, L. H. Ma, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, B. Mayes, K. T. McDonald, M. C. McFarlane, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, D. Mohapatra, J. Monari Kebwaro, J. E. Morgan, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, C. Newsom, H. Y. Ngai, W. K. Ngai, Y. B. Nie, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, A. Pagac, H. -R. Pan, S. Patton, C. Pearson, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, W. R. Sands III, B. Seilhan, B. B. Shao, K. Shih, W. Y. Song, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, M. Stuart, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, Y. H. Tam, H. K. Tanaka, W. Tang, X. Tang, D. Taychenachev, H. Themann, Y. Torun, S. Trentalange, O. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. H. M. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, S. Virostek, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, L. S. Wang, L. Y. Wang, L. Z. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, T. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, D. M. Webber, H. Y. Wei, Y. D. Wei, L. J. Wen, D. L. Wenman, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, C. A. Whitten Jr., J. Wilhelmi, T. Wise, H. C. Wong, H. L. H. Wong, J. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, F. F. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, S. T. Xiang, Q. Xiao, Z. Z. Xing, G. Xu, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, W. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, K. Yip, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, F. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. X. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, Z. Y. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, S. Zimmerman, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of $\bar{\nu}_e$ oscillations over km-baselines. Subsequent data has provided the world's most precise measurement of $\rm{sin}^22\theta_{13}$ and the effective mass splitting $\Delta m_{ee}^2$. The experiment is located in Daya Bay, China where the cluster of six nuclear reactors is among the world's most prolific sources of electron antineutrinos. Read More

Several solenoids are usually installed in electron cooler device to guide the motion of the electron beam in the cooler. However, the solenoids also have influence to the ion beam in the cooler storage ring. The transverse motion of the ion beam in storage ring will become coupled, if the solenoids installed in the electron cooler are not compensated perfectly. Read More

This article reviews recent theoretical and experimental work on a new class of topological material - topological Kondo insulators, which develop through the interplay of strong correlations and spin-orbit interactions. The history of Kondo insulators is reviewed along with the theoretical models used to describe these heavy fermion compounds. The Fu-Kane method of topological classification of insulators is used to show that hybridization between the conduction electrons and localized f-electrons in these systems gives rise to interaction-induced topological insulating behavior. Read More

Searching for the signal of primordial gravitational waves in the B-modes (BB) power spectrum is one of the key scientific aims of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiments. However, this could be easily contaminated by several foreground issues, such as the thermal dust emission. In this paper we study another mechanism, the cosmic birefringence, which can be introduced by a CPT-violating interaction between CMB photons and an external scalar field. Read More

We compare the measured angular cross-correlation between the Fermi-LAT gamma-ray sky and catalogues of extra-galactic objects with the expected signal induced by weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter (DM). We include a detailed description of the contribution of astrophysical gamma-ray emitters such as blazars, misaligned AGN and star forming galaxies, and perform a global fit to the measured cross-correlation. Five catalogues are considered: SDSS-DR6 quasars, 2MASS galaxies, NVSS radio galaxies, SDSS-DR8 Luminous Red Galaxies and SDSS-DR8 main galaxy sample. Read More

Photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) is an emerging computed imaging modality that exploits optical contrast and ultrasonic detection principles to form images of the absorbed optical energy density within tissue. When the imaging system employs conventional piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers, the ideal photoacoustic (PA) signals are degraded by the transducers' acousto-electric impulse responses (EIRs) during the measurement process. If unaccounted for, this can degrade the accuracy of the reconstructed image. Read More

2015May
Authors: Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, I. Butorov, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, E. Draeger, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, A. Leung, J. K. C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. S. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, J. Monari Kebwaro, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, H. Themann, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

We report a new measurement of electron antineutrino disappearance using the fully-constructed Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. The final two of eight antineutrino detectors were installed in the summer of 2012. Including the 404 days of data collected from October 2012 to November 2013 resulted in a total exposure of 6. Read More

We develop an efficient method based on the linear regression algorithm to probe the cosmological CPT violation using the CMB polarisation data. We validate this method using simulated CMB data and apply it to recent CMB observations. We find that a combined data sample of BICEP1 and BOOMERanG 2003 favours a nonzero isotropic rotation angle at $2. Read More

The neutrino detector of the Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is designed to use 20 kilotons of liquid scintillator and approximately 16,000 20-inch photomultipliers (PMTs).One of the options is to use the 20-inch R12860 PMT with high quantum efficiency which has recently been developed by Hamamatsu Photonics. The performance of the newly developed PMT preproduction samples is evaluated. Read More

Building on our previous cross-correlation analysis (Xia et al. 2011) between the isotropic gamma-ray background (IGRB) and different tracers of the large-scale structure of the universe, we update our results using 60-months of data from the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. We perform a cross-correlation analysis between the IGRB and objects that may trace the astrophysical sources of the IGRB: SDSS-DR6 QSOs, the SDSS-DR8 Main Galaxy Sample, Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs) in the SDSS catalog, 2MASS galaxies, and radio NVSS galaxies. Read More

If dark matter (DM) is composed by particles which are non-gravitationally coupled to ordinary matter, their annihilations or decays in cosmic structures can result in detectable radiation. We show that the most powerful technique to detect a particle DM signal outside the Local Group is to study the angular cross-correlation of non-gravitational signals with low-redshift gravitational probes. This method allows to enhance signal-to-noise from the regions of the Universe where the DM-induced emission is preferentially generated. Read More