J. Jowett

J. Jowett

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J. Jowett
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Physics - Accelerator Physics (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
 
Nuclear Experiment (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
Nuclear Theory (3)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By J. Jowett

The unique physics opportunities accessible with nuclear collisions at the CERN Future Circular Collider (FCC) are summarized. Lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-lead (pPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 39 and 63 TeV respectively with $\mathcal{L}_{int}$ = 33 nb$^{-1}$ and 8 pb$^{-1}$ monthly integrated luminosities, will provide unprecedented experimental conditions to study quark-gluon matter at temperatures ${\cal O}$(1 GeV). The following topics are succinctly discussed: (i) charm-quark densities thrice larger than at the LHC, leading to direct heavy-quark impact in the bulk QGP properties, (ii) quarkonia, including $\Upsilon(1S)$, melting at temperatures up to five times above the QCD critical temperature, (iii) access to initial-state nuclear parton distributions (nPDF) at fractional momenta as low as $x\approx 10^{-7}$, (iv) availability of $5\cdot 10^5$ top-quark pairs per run to study the high-$x$ gluon nPDF and the energy loss properties of boosted colour-antennas, (v) study of possible Higgs boson suppression in the QGP, and (vi) high-luminosity $\gamma\gamma$ (ultraperipheral) collisions at c. Read More

A beam optics scheme has been designed for the Future Circular Collider-e+e- (FCC-ee). The main characteristics of the design are: beam energy 45 to 175 GeV, 100 km circumference with two interaction points (IPs) per ring, horizontal crossing angle of 30 mrad at the IP and the crab-waist scheme [1] with local chromaticity correction. The crab-waist scheme is implemented within the local chromaticity correction system without additional sextupoles, by reducing the strength of one of the two sextupoles for vertical chromatic correction at each side of the IP. Read More

The Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study is aimed at assessing the physics potential and the technical feasibility of a new collider with centre-of-mass energies, in the hadron-hadron collision mode, seven times larger than the nominal LHC energies. Operating such machine with heavy ions is an option that is being considered in the accelerator design studies. It would provide, for example, Pb-Pb and p-Pb collisions at sqrt{s_NN} = 39 and 63 TeV, respectively, per nucleon-nucleon collision, with integrated luminosities above 30 nb^-1 per month for Pb-Pb. Read More

2013Aug
Authors: M. Bicer, H. Duran Yildiz, I. Yildiz, G. Coignet, M. Delmastro, T. Alexopoulos, C. Grojean, S. Antusch, T. Sen, H. -J. He, K. Potamianos, S. Haug, A. Moreno, A. Heister, V. Sanz, G. Gomez-Ceballos, M. Klute, M. Zanetti, L. -T. Wang, M. Dam, C. Boehm, N. Glover, F. Krauss, A. Lenz, M. Syphers, C. Leonidopoulos, V. Ciulli, P. Lenzi, G. Sguazzoni, M. Antonelli, M. Boscolo, U. Dosselli, O. Frasciello, C. Milardi, G. Venanzoni, M. Zobov, J. van der Bij, M. de Gruttola, D. -W. Kim, M. Bachtis, A. Butterworth, C. Bernet, C. Botta, F. Carminati, A. David, D. d'Enterria, L. Deniau, G. Ganis, B. Goddard, G. Giudice, P. Janot, J. M. Jowett, C. Lourenco, L. Malgeri, E. Meschi, F. Moortgat, P. Musella, J. A. Osborne, L. Perrozzi, M. Pierini, L. Rinolfi, A. de Roeck, J. Rojo, G. Roy, A. Sciaba, A. Valassi, C. S. Waaijer, J. Wenninger, H. Woehri, F. Zimmermann, A. Blondel, M. Koratzinos, P. Mermod, Y. Onel, R. Talman, E. Castaneda Miranda, E. Bulyak, D. Porsuk, D. Kovalskyi, S. Padhi, P. Faccioli, J. R. Ellis, M. Campanelli, Y. Bai, M. Chamizo, R. B. Appleby, H. Owen, H. Maury Cuna, C. Gracios, G. A. Munoz-Hernandez, L. Trentadue, E. Torrente-Lujan, S. Wang, D. Bertsche, A. Gramolin, V. Telnov, M. Kado, P. Petroff, P. Azzi, O. Nicrosini, F. Piccinini, G. Montagna, F. Kapusta, S. Laplace, W. da Silva, N. Gizani, N. Craig, T. Han, C. Luci, B. Mele, L. Silvestrini, M. Ciuchini, R. Cakir, R. Aleksan, F. Couderc, S. Ganjour, E. Lancon, E. Locci, P. Schwemling, M. Spiro, C. Tanguy, J. Zinn-Justin, S. Moretti, M. Kikuchi, H. Koiso, K. Ohmi, K. Oide, G. Pauletta, R. Ruiz de Austri, M. Gouzevitch, S. Chattopadhyay

The discovery by the ATLAS and CMS experiments of a new boson with mass around 125 GeV and with measured properties compatible with those of a Standard-Model Higgs boson, coupled with the absence of discoveries of phenomena beyond the Standard Model at the TeV scale, has triggered interest in ideas for future Higgs factories. A new circular e+e- collider hosted in a 80 to 100 km tunnel, TLEP, is among the most attractive solutions proposed so far. It has a clean experimental environment, produces high luminosity for top-quark, Higgs boson, W and Z studies, accommodates multiple detectors, and can reach energies up to the t-tbar threshold and beyond. Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The present note relies on the recently published conceptual design report of the LHeC and extends the first contribution to the European strategy debate in emphasising the role of the LHeC to complement and complete the high luminosity LHC programme. The brief discussion therefore focuses on the importance of high precision PDF and $\alpha_s$ determinations for the physics beyond the Standard Model (GUTs, SUSY, Higgs). Emphasis is also given to the importance of high parton density phenomena in nuclei and their relevance to the heavy ion physics programme at the LHC. Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

This document provides a brief overview of the recently published report on the design of the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), which comprises its physics programme, accelerator physics, technology and main detector concepts. The LHeC exploits and develops challenging, though principally existing, accelerator and detector technologies. This summary is complemented by brief illustrations of some of the highlights of the physics programme, which relies on a vastly extended kinematic range, luminosity and unprecedented precision in deep inelastic scattering. Read More

2012Jun
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, V. Cetinkaya, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, S. J. Maxfield, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, A. T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The physics programme and the design are described of a new collider for particle and nuclear physics, the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), in which a newly built electron beam of 60 GeV, up to possibly 140 GeV, energy collides with the intense hadron beams of the LHC. Compared to HERA, the kinematic range covered is extended by a factor of twenty in the negative four-momentum squared, $Q^2$, and in the inverse Bjorken $x$, while with the design luminosity of $10^{33}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ the LHeC is projected to exceed the integrated HERA luminosity by two orders of magnitude. The physics programme is devoted to an exploration of the energy frontier, complementing the LHC and its discovery potential for physics beyond the Standard Model with high precision deep inelastic scattering measurements. Read More

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL has been exploring the energy frontier of nuclear physics since 2001. Its performance, flexibility and continued innovative upgrading can sustain its physics output for years to come. Now, the Large Hadron Collider at CERN is about to extend the frontier energy of laboratory nuclear collisions by more than an order of magnitude. Read More

Proton-nucleus (p+A) collisions have long been recognized as a crucial component of the physics programme with nuclear beams at high energies, in particular for their reference role to interpret and understand nucleus-nucleus data as well as for their potential to elucidate the partonic structure of matter at low parton fractional momenta (small-x). Here, we summarize the main motivations that make a proton-nucleus run a decisive ingredient for a successful heavy-ion programme at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and we present unique scientific opportunities arising from these collisions. We also review the status of ongoing discussions about operation plans for the p+A mode at the LHC. Read More

We have studied the time evolution of the heavy ion luminosity and bunch intensities in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), at BNL, and in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), at CERN. First, we present measurements from a large number of RHIC stores (from Run 7), colliding 100 GeV/nucleon Au beams without stochastic cooling. These are compared with two different calculation methods. Read More

Electromagnetic interactions between colliding heavy ions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN will give rise to localized beam losses that may quench superconducting magnets, apart from contributing significantly to the luminosity decay. To quantify their impact on the operation of the collider, we have used a three-step simulation approach, which consists of optical tracking, a Monte-Carlo shower simulation and a thermal network model of the heat flow inside a magnet. We present simulation results for the case of Pb ion operation in the LHC, with focus on the ALICE interaction region, and show that the expected heat load during nominal Pb operation is 40% above the quench level. Read More

The collimation efficiency for Pb ion beams in the LHC is predicted to be lower than requirements. Nuclear fragmentation and electromagnetic dissociation in the primary collimators create fragments with a wide range of Z/A ratios, which are not intercepted by the secondary collimators but lost where the dispersion has grown sufficiently large. In this article we present measurements and simulations of loss patterns generated by a prototype LHC collimator in the CERN SPS. Read More

This paper begins with a summary of the status of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, including the lead-ion injector chain and the plans for the first phases of commissioning and operation with colliding proton beams. In a later phase, the LHC will collide lead nuclei at centre-of-mass energies of 5.5 TeV per colliding nucleon pair. Read More

2007Jun
Affiliations: 1CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 2BNL, Upton, USA, 3BNL, Upton, USA, 4CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 5CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 6LBNL, Berkeley, USA, 7BNL, Upton, USA

We report the first observations of beam losses due to bound-free pair production at the interaction point of a heavy-ion collider. This process is expected to be a major luminosity limit for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) when it operates with 208Pb82+ ions because the localized energy deposition by the lost ions may quench superconducting magnet coils. Measurements were performed at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) during operation with 100 GeV/nucleon 63Cu29+ ions. Read More