J. I. Collar - CAST Collaboration

J. I. Collar
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J. I. Collar
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CAST Collaboration
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High Energy Physics - Experiment (37)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (29)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (27)
 
Nuclear Experiment (20)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (19)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (7)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)

Publications Authored By J. I. Collar

During 2003--2015, the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) has searched for $a\to\gamma$ conversion in the 9 T magnetic field of a refurbished LHC test magnet that can be directed toward the Sun. In its final phase of solar axion searches (2013--2015), CAST has returned to evacuated magnet pipes, which is optimal for small axion masses. The absence of a significant signal above background provides a world leading limit of $g_{a\gamma} < 0. Read More

New results are reported from the operation of the PICO-60 dark matter detector, a bubble chamber filled with 52 kg of C$_3$F$_8$ located in the SNOLAB underground laboratory. As in previous PICO bubble chambers, PICO-60 C$_3$F$_8$ exhibits excellent electron recoil and alpha decay rejection, and the observed multiple-scattering neutron rate indicates a single-scatter neutron background of less than 1 event per month. A blind analysis of an efficiency-corrected 1167-kg-day exposure at a 3. Read More

We employ an $^{88}$Y/Be photoneutron source to derive the quenching factor for neutron-induced nuclear recoils in germanium, probing recoil energies from a few hundred eV$_{nr}$ to 8.5keV$_{nr}$. A comprehensive Monte Carlo simulation of our setup is compared to experimental data employing a Lindhard model with a free electronic energy loss $k$ and an adiabatic correction for sub-keV$_{nr}$ nuclear recoils. Read More

We report a measurement of the ionization efficiency of silicon nuclei recoiling with sub-keV kinetic energy in the bulk silicon of a charge-coupled device (CCD). Nuclear recoils are produced by low-energy neutrons ($<$24 keV) from a $^{124}$Sb-$^{9}$Be photoneutron source, and their ionization signal is measured down to 60 eV electron equivalent. This energy range, previously unexplored, is relevant for the detection of low-mass dark matter particles. Read More

Recent progress on the development of very low noise high purity germanium ionization spectrometers has produced an instrument of 1.2 kg mass and excellent noise performance. The detector was installed in a low-background cryostat intended for use in a direct detection search for low mass, WIMP dark matter. Read More

New data are reported from a second run of the 2-liter PICO-2L C$_3$F$_8$ bubble chamber with a total exposure of 129$\,$kg-days at a thermodynamic threshold energy of 3.3$\,$keV. These data show that measures taken to control particulate contamination in the superheated fluid resulted in the absence of the anomalous background events observed in the first run of this bubble chamber. Read More

The COHERENT collaboration's primary objective is to measure coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) using the unique, high-quality source of tens-of-MeV neutrinos provided by the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In spite of its large cross section, the CEvNS process has never been observed, due to tiny energies of the resulting nuclear recoils which are out of reach for standard neutrino detectors. The measurement of CEvNS has now become feasible, thanks to the development of ultra-sensitive technology for rare decay and weakly-interacting massive particle (dark matter) searches. Read More

2015Mar
Authors: C. Adams, J. R. Alonso, A. M. Ankowski, J. A. Asaadi, J. Ashenfelter, S. N. Axani, K. Babu, C. Backhouse, H. R. Band, P. S. Barbeau, N. Barros, A. Bernstein, M. Betancourt, M. Bishai, E. Blucher, J. Bouffard, N. Bowden, S. Brice, C. Bryan, L. Camilleri, J. Cao, J. Carlson, R. E. Carr, A. Chatterjee, M. Chen, S. Chen, M. Chiu, E. D. Church, J. I. Collar, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. R. Convery, R. L. Cooper, D. Cowen, H. Davoudiasl, A. De Gouvea, D. J. Dean, G. Deichert, F. Descamps, T. DeYoung, M. V. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, M. J. Dolinski, J. Dolph, B. Donnelly, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dytman, Y. Efremenko, L. L. Everett, A. Fava, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, B. Fleming, A. Friedland, B. K. Fujikawa, T. K. Gaisser, M. Galeazzi, D. C. Galehouse, A. Galindo-Uribarri, G. T. Garvey, S. Gautam, K. E. Gilje, M. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. C. Goodman, H. Gordon, E. Gramellini, M. P. Green, A. Guglielmi, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, F. Halzen, K. Han, S. Hans, D. Harris, K. M. Heeger, M. Herman, R. Hill, A. Holin, P. Huber, D. E. Jaffe, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, G. Karagiorgi, L. J. Kaufman, B. Kayser, S. H. Kettell, B. J. Kirby, J. R. Klein, Yu. G. Kolomensky, R. M. Kriske, C. E. Lane, T. J. Langford, A. Lankford, K. Lau, J. G. Learned, J. Ling, J. M. Link, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, M. Lokajicek, W. C. Louis, K. Luk, J. Lykken, W. J. Marciano, J. Maricic, D. M. Markoff, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, E. McCluskey, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, G. Mills, I. Mocioiu, B. Monreal, M. R. Mooney, J. G. Morfin, P. Mumm, J. Napolitano, R. Neilson, J. K. Nelson, M. Nessi, D. Norcini, F. Nova, D. R. Nygren, G. D. Orebi Gann, O. Palamara, Z. Parsa, R. Patterson, P. Paul, A. Pocar, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Rameika, G. Ranucci, H. Ray, D. Reyna, G. C. Rich, P. Rodrigues, E. Romero Romero, R. Rosero, S. D. Rountree, B. Rybolt, M. C. Sanchez, G. Santucci, D. Schmitz, K. Scholberg, D. Seckel, M. Shaevitz, R. Shrock, M. B. Smy, M. Soderberg, A. Sonzogni, A. B. Sousa, J. Spitz, J. M. St. John, J. Stewart, J. B. Strait, G. Sullivan, R. Svoboda, A. M. Szelc, R. Tayloe, M. A. Thomson, M. Toups, A. Vacheret, M. Vagins, R. G. Van de Water, R. B. Vogelaar, M. Weber, W. Weng, M. Wetstein, C. White, B. R. White, L. Whitehead, D. W. Whittington, M. J. Wilking, R. J. Wilson, P. Wilson, D. Winklehner, D. R. Winn, E. Worcester, L. Yang, M. Yeh, Z. W. Yokley, J. Yoo, B. Yu, J. Yu, C. Zhang

The US neutrino community gathered at the Workshop on the Intermediate Neutrino Program (WINP) at Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4-6, 2015 to explore opportunities in neutrino physics over the next five to ten years. Scientists from particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics participated in the workshop. The workshop examined promising opportunities for neutrino physics in the intermediate term, including possible new small to mid-scale experiments, US contributions to large experiments, upgrades to existing experiments, R&D plans and theory. Read More

2015Mar
Affiliations: 1CAST Collaboration, 2CAST Collaboration, 3CAST Collaboration, 4CAST Collaboration, 5CAST Collaboration, 6CAST Collaboration, 7CAST Collaboration, 8CAST Collaboration, 9CAST Collaboration, 10CAST Collaboration, 11CAST Collaboration, 12CAST Collaboration, 13CAST Collaboration, 14CAST Collaboration, 15CAST Collaboration, 16CAST Collaboration, 17CAST Collaboration, 18CAST Collaboration, 19CAST Collaboration, 20CAST Collaboration, 21CAST Collaboration, 22CAST Collaboration, 23CAST Collaboration, 24CAST Collaboration, 25CAST Collaboration, 26CAST Collaboration, 27CAST Collaboration, 28CAST Collaboration, 29CAST Collaboration, 30CAST Collaboration, 31CAST Collaboration, 32CAST Collaboration, 33CAST Collaboration, 34CAST Collaboration, 35CAST Collaboration, 36CAST Collaboration, 37CAST Collaboration, 38CAST Collaboration, 39CAST Collaboration, 40CAST Collaboration, 41CAST Collaboration, 42CAST Collaboration, 43CAST Collaboration, 44CAST Collaboration, 45CAST Collaboration, 46CAST Collaboration, 47CAST Collaboration, 48CAST Collaboration, 49CAST Collaboration, 50CAST Collaboration, 51CAST Collaboration, 52CAST Collaboration, 53CAST Collaboration, 54CAST Collaboration, 55CAST Collaboration, 56CAST Collaboration, 57CAST Collaboration, 58CAST Collaboration, 59CAST Collaboration, 60CAST Collaboration, 61CAST Collaboration

In this work we present a search for (solar) chameleons with the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST). This novel experimental technique, in the field of dark energy research, exploits both the chameleon coupling to matter ($\beta_{\rm m}$) and to photons ($\beta_{\gamma}$) via the Primakoff effect. By reducing the X-ray detection energy threshold used for axions from 1$\,$keV to 400$\,$eV CAST became sensitive to the converted solar chameleon spectrum which peaks around 600$\,$eV. Read More

2015Mar
Affiliations: 1CAST Collaboration, 2CAST Collaboration, 3CAST Collaboration, 4CAST Collaboration, 5CAST Collaboration, 6CAST Collaboration, 7CAST Collaboration, 8CAST Collaboration, 9CAST Collaboration, 10CAST Collaboration, 11CAST Collaboration, 12CAST Collaboration, 13CAST Collaboration, 14CAST Collaboration, 15CAST Collaboration, 16CAST Collaboration, 17CAST Collaboration, 18CAST Collaboration, 19CAST Collaboration, 20CAST Collaboration, 21CAST Collaboration, 22CAST Collaboration, 23CAST Collaboration, 24CAST Collaboration, 25CAST Collaboration, 26CAST Collaboration, 27CAST Collaboration, 28CAST Collaboration, 29CAST Collaboration, 30CAST Collaboration, 31CAST Collaboration, 32CAST Collaboration, 33CAST Collaboration, 34CAST Collaboration, 35CAST Collaboration, 36CAST Collaboration, 37CAST Collaboration, 38CAST Collaboration, 39CAST Collaboration, 40CAST Collaboration, 41CAST Collaboration, 42CAST Collaboration, 43CAST Collaboration, 44CAST Collaboration, 45CAST Collaboration, 46CAST Collaboration, 47CAST Collaboration, 48CAST Collaboration, 49CAST Collaboration, 50CAST Collaboration, 51CAST Collaboration, 52CAST Collaboration, 53CAST Collaboration, 54CAST Collaboration, 55CAST Collaboration, 56CAST Collaboration, 57CAST Collaboration, 58CAST Collaboration, 59CAST Collaboration, 60CAST Collaboration, 61CAST Collaboration, 62CAST Collaboration, 63CAST Collaboration

The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) searches for $a\to\gamma$ conversion in the 9 T magnetic field of a refurbished LHC test magnet that can be directed toward the Sun. Two parallel magnet bores can be filled with helium of adjustable pressure to match the X-ray refractive mass $m_\gamma$ to the axion search mass $m_a$. After the vacuum phase (2003--2004), which is optimal for $m_a\lesssim0. Read More

We estimate rates of solar neutrino-induced neutrons in a DAMA/LIBRA-like detector setup, and find that the needed contribution to explain the annual modulation would require neutrino-induced neutron cross sections several orders of magnitude larger than current calculations indicate. Although these cross sections have never been measured, it is likely that the solar-neutrino effect on DAMA/LIBRA is negligible. Read More

We study the possibility of using CsI[Na] scintillators as an advantageous target for the detection of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), using the neutrino emissions from the SNS spallation source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The response of this material to low-energy nuclear recoils like those expected from this process is characterized. Backgrounds are studied using a 2 kg low-background prototype crystal in a dedicated radiation shield. Read More

CoGeNT and MALBEK use p-type point contact germanium detectors to search for low-mass dark matter particles. Both detectors enjoy identical intrinsic noise characteristics. However, MALBEK's data acquisition electronics severely degrade the ability to separate signals originating in the bulk of the germanium crystal from surface backgrounds, through a measurement of the preamplifier pulse rise-time in the sub-keVee energy range of interest. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are well-established dark matter candidates. WIMP interactions with sensitive detectors are expected to display a characteristic annual modulation in rate. We release a dataset spanning 3. Read More

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, provides an intense flux of neutrinos in the few tens-of-MeV range, with a sharply-pulsed timing structure that is beneficial for background rejection. In this white paper, we describe how the SNS source can be used for a measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), and the physics reach of different phases of such an experimental program (CSI: Coherent Scattering Investigations at the SNS). Read More

We have directly measured the energy threshold and efficiency for bubble nucleation from iodine recoils in a CF3I bubble chamber in the energy range of interest for a dark matter search. These interactions cannot be probed by standard neutron calibration methods, so we develop a new technique by observing the elastic scattering of 12 GeV/c negative pions. The pions are tracked with a silicon pixel telescope and the reconstructed scattering angle provides a measure of the nuclear recoil kinetic energy. Read More

The low-energy monochromatic neutron emission from an Y-88/Be source can be exploited to mimic the few keVnr nuclear recoils expected from low-mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) and coherent scattering of neutrinos off nuclei. Using this source, a ~<10% quenching factor is measured for sodium recoils below 24 keVnr in NaI[Tl]. This is considerably smaller than the 30% typically adopted in the interpretation of the DAMA/LIBRA dark matter experiment, resulting in a marked increase of its tension with other searches, under the standard set of phenomenological assumptions. Read More

In non-hadronic axion models, which have a tree-level axion-electron interaction, the Sun produces a strong axion flux by bremsstrahlung, Compton scattering, and axio-recombination, the "BCA processes." Based on a new calculation of this flux, including for the first time axio-recombination, we derive limits on the axion-electron Yukawa coupling g_ae and axion-photon interaction strength g_ag using the CAST phase-I data (vacuum phase). For m_a < 10 meV/c2 we find g_ag x g_ae< 8. Read More

A new experimental evaluation of the quenching factor for nuclear recoils in NaI[Tl] is described. Systematics affecting previous measurements are addressed by careful characterization of the emission spectrum of the neutron source, use of a small scintillator coupled to an ultra-bialkali high quantum efficiency photomultiplier, and evaluation of non-linearities in the electron recoil response via Compton scattering. A trend towards a rapidly diminishing quenching factor with decreasing sodium recoil energy is revealed. Read More

We describe the experimental design of C-4, an expansion of the CoGeNT dark matter search to four identical detectors each approximately three times the mass of the p-type point contact germanium diode presently taking data at the Soudan Underground Laboratory. Expected reductions of radioactive backgrounds and energy threshold are discussed, including an estimate of the additional sensitivity to low-mass dark matter candidates to be obtained with this search. Read More

2012Oct
Affiliations: 1The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 2The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 3The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 4The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 5The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 6The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 7The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 8The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 9The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 10The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 11The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 12The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 13The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 14The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 15The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 16The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 17The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 18The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 19The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 20The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 21The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 22The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 23The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 24The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 25The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 26The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 27The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 28The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 29The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 30The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 31The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 32The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 33The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 34The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 35The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 36The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 37The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 38The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 39The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 40The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 41The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 42The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 43The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 44The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 45The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 46The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 47The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 48The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 49The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 50The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 51The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 52The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 53The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 54The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 55The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 56The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 57The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 58The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 59The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 60The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 61The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 62The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 63The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 64The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 65The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 66The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 67The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 68The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 69The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 70The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 71The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 72The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 73The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 74The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 75The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 76The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 77The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 78The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 79The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 80The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 81The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 82The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 83The. MAJORANA. Collaboration

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 76Ge isotope with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own anti-particle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass-scale of the neutrino. The DEMONSTRATOR is being assembled at the 4850 foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. Read More

2012Sep
Affiliations: 1CAST Collaboration, 2CAST Collaboration, 3CAST Collaboration, 4CAST Collaboration, 5CAST Collaboration, 6CAST Collaboration, 7CAST Collaboration, 8CAST Collaboration, 9CAST Collaboration, 10CAST Collaboration, 11CAST Collaboration, 12CAST Collaboration, 13CAST Collaboration, 14CAST Collaboration, 15CAST Collaboration, 16CAST Collaboration, 17CAST Collaboration, 18CAST Collaboration, 19CAST Collaboration, 20CAST Collaboration, 21CAST Collaboration, 22CAST Collaboration, 23CAST Collaboration, 24CAST Collaboration, 25CAST Collaboration, 26CAST Collaboration, 27CAST Collaboration, 28CAST Collaboration, 29CAST Collaboration, 30CAST Collaboration, 31CAST Collaboration, 32CAST Collaboration, 33CAST Collaboration, 34CAST Collaboration, 35CAST Collaboration, 36CAST Collaboration, 37CAST Collaboration, 38CAST Collaboration, 39CAST Collaboration, 40CAST Collaboration, 41CAST Collaboration, 42CAST Collaboration, 43CAST Collaboration, 44CAST Collaboration, 45CAST Collaboration, 46CAST Collaboration, 47CAST Collaboration, 48CAST Collaboration, 49CAST Collaboration, 50CAST Collaboration, 51CAST Collaboration, 52CAST Collaboration, 53CAST Collaboration, 54CAST Collaboration, 55CAST Collaboration, 56CAST Collaboration, 57CAST Collaboration, 58CAST Collaboration, 59CAST Collaboration, 60CAST Collaboration, 61CAST Collaboration, 62CAST Collaboration, 63CAST Collaboration, 64CAST Collaboration, 65CAST Collaboration, 66CAST Collaboration, 67CAST Collaboration, 68CAST Collaboration, 69CAST Collaboration, 70CAST Collaboration, 71CAST Collaboration, 72CAST Collaboration

The status of the solar axion search with the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) will be presented. Recent results obtained by the use of $^3$He as a buffer gas has allowed us to extend our sensitivity to higher axion masses than our previous measurements with $^4$He. With about 1 h of data taking at each of 252 different pressure settings we have scanned the axion mass range 0. Read More

CoGeNT employs p-type point-contact (PPC) germanium detectors to search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). By virtue of its low energy threshold and ability to reject surface backgrounds, this type of device allows an emphasis on low-mass dark matter candidates (wimp mass of about 10 GeV/c2). We report on the characteristics of the PPC detector presently taking data at the Soudan Underground Laboratory, elaborating on aspects of shielding, data acquisition, instrumental stability, data analysis, and background estimation. Read More

A study of signals originating near the lithium-diffused n+ contact of p-type point contact (PPC) high purity germanium detectors (HPGe) is presented. The transition region between the active germanium and the fully dead layer of the n+ contact is examined. Energy depositions in this transition region are shown to result in partial charge collection. Read More

2012May
Authors: J. L. Hewett, H. Weerts, R. Brock, J. N. Butler, B. C. K. Casey, J. Collar, A. de Gouvea, R. Essig, Y. Grossman, W. Haxton, J. A. Jaros, C. K. Jung, Z. T. Lu, K. Pitts, Z. Ligeti, J. R. Patterson, M. Ramsey-Musolf, J. L. Ritchie, A. Roodman, K. Scholberg, C. E. M. Wagner, G. P. Zeller, S. Aefsky, A. Afanasev, K. Agashe, C. Albright, J. Alonso, C. Ankenbrandt, M. Aoki, C. A. Arguelles, N. Arkani-Hamed, J. R. Armendariz, C. Armendariz-Picon, E. Arrieta Diaz, J. Asaadi, D. M. Asner, K. S. Babu, K. Bailey, O. Baker, B. Balantekin, B. Baller, M. Bass, B. Batell, J. Beacham, J. Behr, N. Berger, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, R. Bernstein, A. J. Bevan, M. Bishai, M. Blanke, S. Blessing, A. Blondel, T. Blum, G. Bock, A. Bodek, G. Bonvicini, F. Bossi, J. Boyce, R. Breedon, M. Breidenbach, S. J. Brice, R. A. Briere, S. Brodsky, C. Bromberg, A. Bross, T. E. Browder, D. A. Bryman, M. Buckley, R. Burnstein, E. Caden, P. Campana, R. Carlini, G. Carosi, C. Castromonte, R. Cenci, I. Chakaberia, M. C. Chen, C. H. Cheng, B. Choudhary, N. H. Christ, E. Christensen, M. E. Christy, T. E. Chupp, E. Church, D. B. Cline, T. E. Coan, P. Coloma, J. Comfort, L. Coney, J. Cooper, R. J. Cooper, R. Cowan, D. F. Cowen, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Datta, G. S. Davies, M. Demarteau, D. P. DeMille, A. Denig, R. Dermisek, A. Deshpande, M. S. Dewey, R. Dharmapalan, J. Dhooghe, M. R. Dietrich, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, S. Dobbs, M. Duraisamy, B. Dutta, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, M. Eads, B. Echenard, S. R. Elliott, C. Escobar, J. Fajans, S. Farooq, C. Faroughy, J. E. Fast, B. Feinberg, J. Felde, G. Feldman, P. Fierlinger, P. Fileviez Perez, B. Filippone, P. Fisher, B. T. Flemming, K. T. Flood, R. Forty, M. J. Frank, A. Freyberger, A. Friedland, R. Gandhi, K. S. Ganezer, A. Garcia, F. G. Garcia, S. Gardner, L. Garrison, A. Gasparian, S. Geer, V. M. Gehman, T. Gershon, M. Gilchriese, C. Ginsberg, I. Gogoladze, M. Gonderinger, M. Goodman, H. Gould, M. Graham, P. W. Graham, R. Gran, J. Grange, G. Gratta, J. P. Green, H. Greenlee, R. C. Group, E. Guardincerri, V. Gudkov, R. Guenette, A. Haas, A. Hahn, T. Han, T. Handler, J. C. Hardy, R. Harnik, D. A. Harris, F. A. Harris, P. G. Harris, J. Hartnett, B. He, B. R. Heckel, K. M. Heeger, S. Henderson, D. Hertzog, R. Hill, E. A Hinds, D. G. Hitlin, R. J. Holt, N. Holtkamp, G. Horton-Smith, P. Huber, W. Huelsnitz, J. Imber, I. Irastorza, J. Jaeckel, I. Jaegle, C. James, A. Jawahery, D. Jensen, C. P. Jessop, B. Jones, H. Jostlein, T. Junk, A. L. Kagan, M. Kalita, Y. Kamyshkov, D. M. Kaplan, G. Karagiorgi, A. Karle, T. Katori, B. Kayser, R. Kephart, S. Kettell, Y. K. Kim, M. Kirby, K. Kirch, J. Klein, J. Kneller, A. Kobach, M. Kohl, J. Kopp, M. Kordosky, W. Korsch, I. Kourbanis, A. D. Krisch, P. Krizan, A. S. Kronfeld, S. Kulkarni, K. S. Kumar, Y. Kuno, T. Kutter, T. Lachenmaier, M. Lamm, J. Lancaster, M. Lancaster, C. Lane, K. Lang, P. Langacker, S. Lazarevic, T. Le, K. Lee, K. T. Lesko, Y. Li, M. Lindgren, A. Lindner, J. Link, D. Lissauer, L. S. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, C. Y. Liu, W. Loinaz, W. Lorenzon, W. C. Louis, J. Lozier, L. Ludovici, L. Lueking, C. Lunardini, D. B. MacFarlane, P. A. N. Machado, P. B. Mackenzie, J. Maloney, W. J. Marciano, W. Marsh, M. Marshak, J. W. Martin, C. Mauger, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, G. McLaughlin, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, B. T. Meadows, R. Mehdiyev, D. Melconian, H. Merkel, M. Messier, J. P. Miller, G. Mills, U. K. Minamisono, S. R. Mishra, I. Mocioiu, S. Moed Sher, R. N. Mohapatra, B. Monreal, C. D. Moore, J. G. Morfin, J. Mousseau, L. A. Moustakas, G. Mueller, P. Mueller, M. Muether, H. P. Mumm, C. Munger, H. Murayama, P. Nath, O. Naviliat-Cuncin, J. K. Nelson, D. Neuffer, J. S. Nico, A. Norman, D. Nygren, Y. Obayashi, T. P. O'Connor, Y. Okada, J. Olsen, L. Orozco, J. L. Orrell, J. Osta, B. Pahlka, J. Paley, V. Papadimitriou, M. Papucci, S. Parke, R. H. Parker, Z. Parsa, K. Partyka, A. Patch, J. C. Pati, R. B. Patterson, Z. Pavlovic, G. Paz, G. N. Perdue, D. Perevalov, G. Perez, R. Petti, W. Pettus, A. Piepke, M. Pivovaroff, R. Plunkett, C. C. Polly, M. Pospelov, R. Povey, A. Prakesh, M. V. Purohit, S. Raby, J. L. Raaf, R. Rajendran, S. Rajendran, G. Rameika, R. Ramsey, A. Rashed, B. N. Ratcliff, B. Rebel, J. Redondo, P. Reimer, D. Reitzner, F. Ringer, A. Ringwald, S. Riordan, B. L. Roberts, D. A. Roberts, R. Robertson, F. Robicheaux, M. Rominsky, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, C. Rott, P. Rubin, N. Saito, M. Sanchez, S. Sarkar, H. Schellman, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitt, D. W. Schmitz, J. Schneps, A. Schopper, P. Schuster, A. J. Schwartz, M. Schwarz, J. Seeman, Y. K. Semertzidis, K. K. Seth, Q. Shafi, P. Shanahan, R. Sharma, S. R. Sharpe, M. Shiozawa, V. Shiltsev, K. Sigurdson, P. Sikivie, J. Singh, D. Sivers, T. Skwarnicki, N. Smith, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, Y. H. Song, A. Soni, P. Souder, A. Sousa, J. Spitz, M. Stancari, G. C. Stavenga, J. H. Steffen, S. Stepanyan, D. Stoeckinger, S. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strassler, I. A. Sulai, R. Sundrum, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, T. Takeuchi, P. Tanedo, S. Taneja, J. Tang, D. B. Tanner, R. Tayloe, I. Taylor, J. Thomas, C. Thorn, X. Tian, B. G. Tice, M. Tobar, N. Tolich, N. Toro, I. S. Towner, Y. Tsai, R. Tschirhart, C. D. Tunnell, M. Tzanov, A. Upadhye, J. Urheim, S. Vahsen, A. Vainshtein, E. Valencia, R. G. Van de Water, R. S. Van de Water, M. Velasco, J. Vogel, P. Vogel, W. Vogelsang, Y. W. Wah, D. Walker, N. Weiner, A. Weltman, R. Wendell, W. Wester, M. Wetstein, C. White, L. Whitehead, J. Whitmore, E. Widmann, G. Wiedemann, J. Wilkerson, G. Wilkinson, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, W. Winter, M. B. Wise, J. Wodin, S. Wojcicki, B. Wojtsekhowski, T. Wongjirad, E. Worcester, J. Wurtele, T. Xin, J. Xu, T. Yamanaka, Y. Yamazaki, I. Yavin, J. Yeck, M. Yeh, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, A. Young, E. Zimmerman, K. Zioutas, M. Zisman, J. Zupan, R. Zwaska

The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. Read More

New data are reported from the operation of a 4.0 kg CF$_{3}$I bubble chamber in the 6800-foot-deep SNOLAB underground laboratory. The effectiveness of ultrasound analysis in discriminating alpha-decay background events from single nuclear recoils has been confirmed, with a lower bound of $>$99. Read More

The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would resolve the Majorana nature of the neutrino and could provide information on the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The initial phase of the Majorana experiment, known as the Demonstrator, will house 40 kg of Ge in an ultra-low background shielded environment at the 4850' level of the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The objective of the Demonstrator is to determine whether a future 1-tonne experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a narrow region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay peak. Read More

A brief review of the history and neutrino physics of double beta decay is given. A description of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR research and development program including background reduction techniques is presented in some detail. The application of point contact (PC) detectors to the experiment is discussed, including the effectiveness of pulse shape analysis. Read More

Neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments can potentially determine the Majorana or Dirac nature of the neutrino, and aid in understanding the neutrino absolute mass scale and hierarchy. Future 76Ge-based searches target a half-life sensitivity of >10^27 y to explore the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. Reaching this sensitivity will require a background rate of <1 count tonne^-1 y^-1 in a 4-keV-wide spectral region of interest surrounding the Q value of the decay. Read More

The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76-Ge. Read More

2011Jun
Affiliations: 1CAST Collaboration, 2CAST Collaboration, 3CAST Collaboration, 4CAST Collaboration, 5CAST Collaboration, 6CAST Collaboration, 7CAST Collaboration, 8CAST Collaboration, 9CAST Collaboration, 10CAST Collaboration, 11CAST Collaboration, 12CAST Collaboration, 13CAST Collaboration, 14CAST Collaboration, 15CAST Collaboration, 16CAST Collaboration, 17CAST Collaboration, 18CAST Collaboration, 19CAST Collaboration, 20CAST Collaboration, 21CAST Collaboration, 22CAST Collaboration, 23CAST Collaboration, 24CAST Collaboration, 25CAST Collaboration, 26CAST Collaboration, 27CAST Collaboration, 28CAST Collaboration, 29CAST Collaboration, 30CAST Collaboration, 31CAST Collaboration, 32CAST Collaboration, 33CAST Collaboration, 34CAST Collaboration, 35CAST Collaboration, 36CAST Collaboration, 37CAST Collaboration, 38CAST Collaboration, 39CAST Collaboration, 40CAST Collaboration, 41CAST Collaboration, 42CAST Collaboration, 43CAST Collaboration, 44CAST Collaboration, 45CAST Collaboration, 46CAST Collaboration, 47CAST Collaboration, 48CAST Collaboration, 49CAST Collaboration, 50CAST Collaboration, 51CAST Collaboration, 52CAST Collaboration, 53CAST Collaboration, 54CAST Collaboration, 55CAST Collaboration, 56CAST Collaboration, 57CAST Collaboration, 58CAST Collaboration, 59CAST Collaboration, 60CAST Collaboration, 61CAST Collaboration, 62CAST Collaboration, 63CAST Collaboration, 64CAST Collaboration, 65CAST Collaboration, 66CAST Collaboration, 67CAST Collaboration, 68CAST Collaboration, 69CAST Collaboration, 70CAST Collaboration, 71CAST Collaboration

The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) has extended its search for solar axions by using 3He as a buffer gas. At T=1.8 K this allows for larger pressure settings and hence sensitivity to higher axion masses than our previous measurements with 4He. Read More

The SIMPLE collaboration has recently claimed improved limits on WIMP-nucleus couplings (arXiv:1106.3014). The limited shelf-life of SIMPLE detectors and apparent deficiencies in the acoustic background discrimination method employed severely affect the credibility of these claims. Read More

Fifteen months of cumulative CoGeNT data are examined for indications of an annual modulation, a predicted signature of Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) interactions. Presently available data support the presence of a modulated component of unknown origin, with parameters prima facie compatible with a galactic halo composed of light-mass WIMPs. Unoptimized estimators yield a statistical significance for a modulation of ~2. Read More

The underlaying assumptions and uncertainties involved in the derivation of WIMP exclusion limits from XENON10 and XENON100 detectors are examined. In view of these, recent claims of sensitivity to light-mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are shown to be overstated. Specifically, bounds constraining regions of interest in WIMP parameter space from the DAMA/LIBRA, CoGeNT and CRESST experiments can be assigned a very limited meaning, if any. Read More

A side-to-side comparison is established between the nuclear recoil energy spectrum from CDMS germanium bolometers and its low-energy equivalent for events in the inner bulk volume of a CoGeNT germanium diode. Acknowledging the orthogonality of the background cuts possible with each type of detector and following an examination of the uncertainties in these searches, a suggestive agreement between these spectra is observed. Read More

Taking liquid xenon detectors as a case study, the importance of a robust recoil energy calibration as a prerequisite to a search for light-mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) is emphasized. Important shortfalls in the analysis of existing measurements of the relative scintillation efficiency and ionization yield for nuclear recoils in liquid xenon are described, leading to the conclusion that recent attempts to extract light-WIMP sensitivity limits from the XENON10 and XENON100 detectors are premature and overly optimistic. Read More

Data from the operation of a bubble chamber filled with 3.5 kg of CF$_{3}$I in a shallow underground site are reported. An analysis of ultrasound signals accompanying bubble nucleations confirms that alpha decays generate a significantly louder acoustic emission than single nuclear recoils, leading to an efficient background discrimination. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is building the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, a 60 kg array of high purity germanium detectors housed in an ultra-low background shield at the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76Ge while demonstrating the feasibility of a tonne-scale experiment. It may also carry out a dark matter search in the 1-10 GeV/c^2 mass range. Read More

In this paper, we study the recent excess of low energy events observed by the CoGeNT collaboration and the annual modulation reported by the DAMA/LIBRA collaboration, and discuss whether these signals could both be the result of the same elastically scattering dark matter particle. We find that, without channeling but when taking into account uncertainties in the relevant quenching factors, a dark matter candidate with a mass of approximately ~7.0 GeV and a cross section with nucleons of sigma_{DM-N} ~2x10^-4 pb (2x10^-40 cm^2) could account for both of these observations. Read More

Savage et al. have recently put forward the claim that results from the XENON10 experiment are incompatible with the totality of both DAMA/LIBRA and CoGeNT experimental regions. In this brief note the source of this erroneous conclusion is identified in a misinterpretation of the XENON10 efficiency in the detection of S1 light from low-energy nuclear recoils. Read More

Brief response to a Reply [arXiv:1005.2615] on our Comments [arXiv:1005.0838] on XENON100 recent results [arXiv:1005. Read More

The XENON100 collaboration has recently released new dark matter limits, placing particular emphasis on their impact on searches known to be sensitive to light-mass (below 10 GeV/c^2) Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), such as DAMA and CoGeNT. We describe here several sources of uncertainty and bias in their analysis that make their new claimed sensitivity presently untenable. In particular, we point out additional work in this field and simple kinematic arguments that indicate that liquid xenon (LXe) may be a relatively insensitive detection medium for the recoil energies (few keV_r) expected from such low mass WIMPs. Read More

2010Feb
Affiliations: 1CoGeNT collaboration, 2CoGeNT collaboration, 3CoGeNT collaboration, 4CoGeNT collaboration, 5CoGeNT collaboration, 6CoGeNT collaboration, 7CoGeNT collaboration, 8CoGeNT collaboration, 9CoGeNT collaboration, 10CoGeNT collaboration, 11CoGeNT collaboration, 12CoGeNT collaboration, 13CoGeNT collaboration, 14CoGeNT collaboration, 15CoGeNT collaboration, 16CoGeNT collaboration, 17CoGeNT collaboration, 18CoGeNT collaboration, 19CoGeNT collaboration, 20CoGeNT collaboration, 21CoGeNT collaboration, 22CoGeNT collaboration, 23CoGeNT collaboration, 24CoGeNT collaboration, 25CoGeNT collaboration, 26CoGeNT collaboration, 27CoGeNT collaboration

We report on several features present in the energy spectrum from an ultra low-noise germanium detector operated at 2,100 m.w.e. Read More

We have searched for 14.4 keV solar axions or more general axion-like particles (ALPs), that may be emitted in the M1 nuclear transition of 57Fe, by using the axion-to-photon conversion in the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST) with evacuated magnet bores (Phase I). From the absence of excess of the monoenergetic X-rays when the magnet was pointing to the Sun, we set model-independent constraints on the coupling constants of pseudoscalar particles that couple to two photons and to a nucleon g_{a\gamma} |-1. Read More

We offer a few remarks that should help clarify the relative sensitivity of CoGeNT, CDMS and DAMA to dark pseudoscalars. An alternative dark matter origin for the DAMA modulation is briefly mentioned within this context. Read More