J. Harvey - Ohio University

J. Harvey
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J. Harvey
Ohio University
United States

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High Energy Physics - Theory (22)
Astrophysics (12)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (10)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (7)
Mathematics - Number Theory (6)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (5)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5)
Nuclear Experiment (4)
Nuclear Theory (4)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (2)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (1)
Mathematics - General Topology (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)

Publications Authored By J. Harvey

We analyze holomorphic Jacobi forms of weight one with level. One such form plays an important role in umbral moonshine, leading to simplifications of the statements of the umbral moonshine conjectures. We prove that non-zero holomorphic Jacobi forms of weight one do not exist for many combinations of index and level, and use this to establish a characterization of the McKay--Thompson series of umbral moonshine in terms of Rademacher sums. Read More

We report on an environmentally stable, Yb-doped, all-normal dispersion, mode-locked fibre laser that is capable of creating broadband pulses with ultra-low repetition rates. Specifically, through careful positioning of fibre sections in an all-PM-fibre cavity mode-locked with a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror, we achieve stable pulse trains with repetition rates as low as 506 kHz. The pulses have several nanojules of energy and are compressible down to ultrashort (< 500 fs) durations. Read More

The Sun is replete with magnetic fields, with sunspots, pores and plage regions being their most prominent representatives on the solar surface. But even far away from these active regions, magnetic fields are ubiquitous. To a large extent, their importance for the thermodynamics in the solar photosphere is determined by the total magnetic flux. Read More

We show that the system of $k$ NS5-branes wrapping $\mathbb{T}^4\times S^1$ has non-trivial vacuum structure. Different vacua have different spectra of 1/4 BPS states that carry momentum and winding around the $S^1$. In one vacuum, such states are described by black holes; in another, they can be thought of as perturbative BPS states in Double Scaled Little String Theory. Read More

We describe a relationship between the representation theory of the Thompson sporadic group and a weakly holomorphic modular form of weight one-half that appears in work of Borcherds and Zagier on Borcherds products and traces of singular moduli. We conjecture the existence of an infinite dimensional graded module for the Thompson group and provide evidence for our conjecture by constructing McKay--Thompson series for each conjugacy class of the Thompson group that coincide with weight one-half modular forms of higher level. We also observe a discriminant property in this moonshine for the Thompson group that is closely related to the discriminant property conjectured to exist in Umbral Moonshine. Read More

The equivariant Gromov--Hausdorff convergence of metric spaces is studied. Where all isometry groups under consideration are compact Lie, it is shown that an upper bound on the dimension of the group guarantees that the convergence is by Lie homomorphisms. Additional lower bounds on curvature and volume strengthen this result to convergence by monomorphisms, so that symmetries can only increase on passing to the limit. Read More

We use canonically-twisted modules for a certain super vertex operator algebra to construct the umbral moonshine module for the unique Niemeier lattice that coincides with its root sublattice. In particular, we give explicit expressions for the vector-valued mock modular forms attached to automorphisms of this lattice by umbral moonshine. We also characterize the vector-valued mock modular forms arising, in which four of Ramanujan's fifth order mock theta functions appear as components. Read More

We describe a parallel linear-scaling computational framework developed to implement arbitrarily large multi-state empirical valence bond (MS-EVB) calculations within CHARMM. Forces are obtained using the Hellman-Feynmann relationship, giving continuous gradients, and excellent energy conservation. Utilizing multi-dimensional Gaussian coupling elements fit to CCSD(T)-F12 electronic structure theory, we built a 64-state MS-EVB model designed to study the F + CD3CN -> DF + CD2CN reaction in CD3CN solvent. Read More

We consider double scaled little string theory on $K3$. These theories are labelled by a positive integer $k \ge 2$ and an $ADE$ root lattice with Coxeter number $k$. We count BPS fundamental string states in the holographic dual of this theory using the superconformal field theory $K3 \times \left( \frac{SL(2,\mathbb{R})_k}{U(1)} \times \frac{SU(2)_k}{U(1)} \right) \big/ \mathbb{Z}_k$. Read More

We construct a string-inspired model for the central production of $\eta$ and $\eta'$ mesons in proton-proton collisions, via double Pomeron exchange. Using general symmetry considerations, we construct a low-energy differential cross section for double glueball exchange in terms of some undetermined coupling constants and form factors. We extend this model to the Regge regime, replacing the glueball propagators with Pomeron trajectories, and modifying the interaction term by a factor derived from the 5-string scattering amplitude in flat space. Read More

We compute the equivariant elliptic genera of several classes of ALE and ALF manifolds using localization in gauged linear sigma models. In the sigma model computation the equivariant action corresponds to chemical potentials for U(1) currents and the elliptic genera exhibit interesting pole structure as a function of the chemical potentials. We use this to decompose the answers into polar terms that exhibit wall crossing and universal terms. Read More

We study two-dimensional N=(4,4) supersymmetric gauge theories which do not have classical Higgs branches, but are believed to have isolated quantum Higgs vacua. We provide arguments for the existence of such vacua based on brane dynamics in string theory and the supersymmetric partition sums of the gauge theories. Read More

The National Solar Observatory (NSO) Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector SpectroMagnetograph (VSM) is sealed and was designed to be filled with helium at slightly above ambient pressure. After 11 years of operation filled with helium, an acute shortage of helium prompted a test using nitrogen as the fill gas. Four months of nitrogen-filled observations in 2014 are compared the same months in 2013 with helium fill. Read More

The class of Riemannian orbifolds of dimension n defined by a lower bound on the sectional curvature and the volume and an upper bound on the diameter has only finitely many members up to orbifold homeomorphism. Furthermore, any class of isospectral Riemannian orbifolds with a lower bound on the sectional curvature is finite up to orbifold homeomorphism. Read More

Let a compact Lie group act isometrically on a non-collapsing sequence of compact Alexandrov spaces with fixed dimension and uniform lower curvature and upper diameter bounds. If the sequence of actions is equicontinuous and converges in the equivariant Gromov--Hausdorff topology, then the limit space is equivariantly homeomorphic to spaces in the tail of the sequence. As a consequence, the class of Riemannian orbifolds of dimension $n$ defined by a lower bound on the sectional curvature and the volume and an upper bound on the diameter has only finitely many members up to orbifold homeomorphism. Read More

The classification of G-spaces by Palais is refined for the case where the orbit space satisfies certain mild topological hypotheses. It is shown that when a sequence of such orbit spaces is "close" to a limit orbit space, in some suitable sense, within a larger ambient orbit space, the G-spaces in the tail of the sequence are strongly equivalent to the limit G-space. Read More

Affiliations: 1the SOLIS Pipeline Working Group of the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program - National Solar Observatory Integrated Synoptic Program, 2the SOLIS Pipeline Working Group of the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program - National Solar Observatory Integrated Synoptic Program, 3the SOLIS Pipeline Working Group of the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program - National Solar Observatory Integrated Synoptic Program, 4the SOLIS Pipeline Working Group of the NSO Integrated Synoptic Program - National Solar Observatory Integrated Synoptic Program

The purpose of the SOLIS Zeemanfit Code is to provide a straight-forward, easily checked measure of the total magnetic-field strength in the high-strength umbral regions of the solar disk. In the highest-strength regions, the Zeeman splitting of the 6302-angstrom Fe line becomes wide enough for the triplet nature of the line to be visible by eye in non-polarized light. Therefore, a three-line fit to the spectra should, in principle, provide a fairly robust measure of the total magnetic-field strength. Read More

This report summarizes the findings of the DPF Theory Panel which was formed with a goal of understanding the scientific problems and opportunities of the next decade, as well as the challenges involved in sustaining a first-class program in theoretical particle physics research in the United States. Read More

We consider type II superstring theory on $K3 \times S^1 \times \mathbb{R}^{1,4}$ and study perturbative BPS states in the near-horizon background of two Neveu-Schwarz fivebranes whose world-volume wraps the $K3 \times S^1$ factor. These states are counted by the spacetime helicity supertrace $\chi_2(\tau)$ which we evaluate. We find a simple expression for $\chi_2(\tau)$ in terms of the completion of the mock modular form $H^{(2)}(\tau)$ that has appeared recently in studies of the decomposition of the elliptic genus of K3 surfaces into characters of the N=4 superconformal algebra and which manifests a moonshine connection to the Mathieu group $M_{24}$. Read More

In this paper we relate umbral moonshine to the Niemeier lattices: the 23 even unimodular positive-definite lattices of rank 24 with non-trivial root systems. To each Niemeier lattice we attach a finite group by considering a naturally defined quotient of the lattice automorphism group, and for each conjugacy class of each of these groups we identify a vector-valued mock modular form whose components coincide with mock theta functions of Ramanujan in many cases. This leads to the umbral moonshine conjecture, stating that an infinite-dimensional module is assigned to each of the Niemeier lattices in such a way that the associated graded trace functions are mock modular forms of a distinguished nature. Read More

There is a `Mathieu moonshine' relating the elliptic genus of K3 to the sporadic group M_{24}. Here, we give evidence that this moonshine extends to part of the web of dualities connecting heterotic strings compactified on K3 \times T^2 to type IIA strings compactified on Calabi-Yau threefolds. We demonstrate that dimensions of M_{24} representations govern the new supersymmetric index of the heterotic compactifications, and appear in the Gromov--Witten invariants of the dual Calabi-Yau threefolds, which are elliptic fibrations over the Hirzebruch surfaces F_n. Read More

We explore corrections to the "hard wall" gravity dual of QCD with two-form tensor fields. These fields correspond to a dimension three quark bilinear in QCD, which generates states with 1(--) and 1(+-) quantum numbers, or omega/rho-like and h1/b1-like mesons, respectively. We include new interaction terms, which render the model complete up to dimension six. Read More

We compare photospheric line-of-sight magnetograms from the Synoptic Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) vector spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument with observations from the 150-foot Solar Tower at Mt. Wilson (MWO), Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) on Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). We find very good agreement between VSM and the other data sources for both disk-averaged flux densities and pixel-by-pixel measurements. Read More

We develop two new tools for use in Alexandrov geometry: a theory of ramified orientable double covers and a particularly useful version of the Slice Theorem for actions of compact Lie groups. These tools are applied to the classification of compact, positively curved Alexandrov spaces with maximal symmetry rank. Read More

We describe surprising relationships between automorphic forms of various kinds, imaginary quadratic number fields and a certain system of six finite groups that are parameterised naturally by the divisors of twelve. The Mathieu group correspondence recently discovered by Eguchi-Ooguri-Tachikawa is recovered as a special case. We introduce a notion of extremal Jacobi form and prove that it characterises the Jacobi forms arising by establishing a connection to critical values of Dirichlet series attached to modular forms of weight two. Read More

Measurements of the ionized Ca II K line are one of the major resources for long-term studies of solar and stellar activity. They also play a critical role in many studies related to solar irradiance variability, particularly as a ground-based proxy to model the solar ultraviolet flux variation that may influence the Earth's climate. Full disk images of the Sun in Ca II K have been available from various observatories for more than 100 years and latter synoptic Sun-as-a-star observations in Ca II K began in the early 1970s. Read More

A recent Letter attempted to reconcile the disagreement between neutron resonance data and random matrix theory (RMT). To this end, a new formula was derived for transforming measured ({\Gamma}_{{\lambda}n}) to reduced ({\Gamma}_{{\lambda}n}^0) neutron widths for s-wave resonances ({\lambda}=1,2,.. Read More

We extend the "hard wall" gravity dual of QCD by including tensor fields b_{MN} that correspond to the QCD quark bilinear operators qbar sigma^{mu nu} q. These fields give rise to a spectrum of states which include the h_1 and b_1 mesons, as well as a tower of excited omega/rho meson states. We also identify the lowest-dimension term which leads to mixing between the new rho states and the usual tower of rho mesons when chiral symmetry is broken. Read More

This paper is an addendum to our earlier paper \cite{pom} where we computed the Pomeron contribution to $p ~ p$ and $p ~ \bar p$ scattering in AdS/QCD. The model of \cite{pom} depends on four parameters: the slope and intercept of the Pomeron trajectory $\alpha'_c, \alpha_c(0)$, a mass scale $M_d$ which determines a form factor entering into matrix elements of the energy-momentum tensor, and a coupling $\lambda_{\cal P}$ between the lightest spin $2$ glueball and the proton which sets the overall scale of the total cross section. Here we perform a more detailed computation of $\lambda_{\cal P}$ in the Sakai-Sugimoto model using the construction of nucleons as instantons of the dual 5d gauge theory and an effective 5d fermion description of these nucleons which has been successfully used to compute a variety of nucleon-meson couplings. Read More

We obtained an unprecedentedly large number of s-wave neutron widths through R-matrix analysis of neutron cross-section measurements on enriched Pt samples. Careful analysis of these data rejects the validity of the Porter-Thomas distribution with a statistical significance of at least 99.997%. Read More

Authors: ALEPH Collaboration, S. Schael, R. Barate, R. Brunelière, I. De Bonis, D. Decamp, C. Goy, S. Jézéquel, J. -P. Lees, F. Martin, E. Merle, M. -N. Minard, B. Pietrzyk, B. Trocmé S. Bravo, M. P. Casado, M. Chmeissani, J. M. Crespo, E. Fernandez, M. Fernandez-Bosman, Ll. Garrido, M. Martinez, A. Pacheco, H. Ruiz, A. Colaleo, D. Creanza, N. De Filippis, M. de Palma, G. Iaselli, G. Maggi, M. Maggi, S. Nuzzo, A. Ranieri, G. Raso, F. Ruggieri, G. Selvaggi, L. Silvestris, P. Tempesta, A. Tricomi, G. Zito X. Huang, J. Lin, Q. Ouyang, T. Wang, Y. Xie, R. Xu, S. Xue, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zhao, D. Abbaneo, T. Barklow, O. Buchmüller, M. Cattaneo, B. Clerbaux, H. Drevermann, R. W. Forty, M. Frank, F. Gianotti, J. B. Hansen, J. Harvey, D. E. Hutchcroft, P. Janot, B. Jost, M. Kado, P. Mato, A. Moutoussi, F. Ranjard, L. Rolandi, D. Schlatter, F. Teubert, A. Valassi, I. Videau S. Monteil, D. Pallin, J. M. Pascolo, P. Perret, J. D. Hansen, J. R. Hansen, P. H. Hansen, A. C. Kraan, B. S. Nilsson A. Kyriakis, C. Markou, E. Simopoulou, A. Vayaki, K. Zachariadou A. Blondel, J. -C. Brient, F. Machefert, A. Rougé, H. Videau, V. Ciulli, E. Focardi, G. Parrini, A. Antonelli, M. Antonelli, G. Bencivenni, F. Bossi, G. Capon, F. Cerutti, V. Chiarella, P. Laurelli, G. Mannocchi, G. P. Murtas, L. Passalacqua, J. Kennedy, J. G. Lynch, P. Negus, V. O'Shea, A. S. Thompson, R. Cavanaugh, S. Dhamotharan, C. Geweniger, P. Hanke, V. Hepp, E. E. Kluge, A. Putzer, H. Stenzel, K. Tittel, M. Wunsch, R. Beuselinck, W. Cameron, G. Davies, P. J. Dornan, M. Girone, N. Marinelli, J. Nowell, S. A. Rutherford, J. K. Sedgbeer, J. C. Thompson, R. White, V. M. Ghete, P. Girtler, E. Kneringer, D. Kuhn, G. Rudolph, E. Bouhova-Thacker, C. K. Bowdery, D. P. Clarke, G. Ellis, A. J. Finch, F. Foster, G. Hughes, R. W. L. Jones, M. R. Pearson, N. A. Robertson, T. Sloan, M. Smizanska, O. van der Aa, C. Delaere, G. Leibenguth, V. Lemaitre U. Blumenschein, F. Hölldorfer, K. Jakobs, F. Kayser, A. -S. Müller, B. Renk, H. -G. Sander, S. Schmeling, H. Wachsmuth, C. Zeitnitz, T. Ziegler A. Bonissent, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, A. Ealet, D. Fouchez, P. Payre, A. Tilquin, F. Ragusa, A. David, H. Dietl, G. Ganis, K. Hüttmann, G. Lütjens, W. Männer H. -G. Moser, R. Settles, M. Villegas, G. Wolf, J. Beacham, K. Cranmer I. Yavin, J. Boucrot, O. Callot, M. Davier, L. Duflot, J. -F. Grivaz, Ph. Heusse, A. Jacholkowska, L. Serin, J. -J. Veille, P. Azzurri, G. Bagliesi, T. Boccali, L. Foà, A. Giammanco, A. Giassi, F. Ligabue, A. Messineo, F. Palla, G. Sanguinetti, A. Sciabà, G. Sguazzoni, P. Spagnolo, R. Tenchini, A. Venturi, P. G. Verdini O. Awunor, G. A. Blair, G. Cowan, A. Garcia-Bellido, M. G. Green, T. Medcalf, A. Misiejuk, J. A. Strong, P. Teixeira-Dias, R. W. Clifft, T. R. Edgecock, P. R. Norton, I. R. Tomalin, J. J. Ward B. Bloch-Devaux, D. Boumediene, P. Colas, B. Fabbro, E. Lançon, M. -C. Lemaire, E. Locci, P. Perez, J. Rander, B. Tuchming, B. Vallage, A. M. Litke, G. Taylor, C. N. Booth, S. Cartwright, F. Combley, P. N. Hodgson, M. Lehto, L. F. Thompson, A. Böhrer, S. Brandt, C. Grupen, J. Hess, A. Ngac, G. Prange C. Borean, G. Giannini, H. He, J. Putz, J. Rothberg, S. R. Armstrong, K. Berkelman, D. P. S. Ferguson, Y. Gao, S. González, O. J. Hayes, H. Hu, S. Jin, J. Kile, P. A. McNamara III, J. Nielsen, Y. B. Pan, J. H. von Wimmersperg-Toeller, W. Wiedenmann, J. Wu, Sau Lan Wu, X. Wu, G. Zobernig, G. Dissertori

A search for the production and non-standard decay of a Higgs boson, h, into four taus through intermediate pseudoscalars, a, is conducted on 683 pb-1 of data collected by the ALEPH experiment at centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV. No excess of events above background is observed, and exclusion limits are placed on the combined production cross section times branching ratio, \xi^2 = \sigma(e+e- --> Zh)/\sigma_{SM}(e+e- --> Zh) x B(h --> aa)x B(a --> \tau^+\tau^-)^2. For mh < 107 GeV/c2 and 4 < ma < 10 GeV/c2, \xi^2 > 1 is excluded at the 95% confidence level. Read More

We consider the differential and total cross sections for proton-proton and proton-antiproton scattering in the Regge regime from the point of view of string dual models of QCD. We argue that the form factor which appears in the differential cross section is related to the matrix element of the stress tensor between proton states and give a procedure for computing the strength of the coupling of the Pomeron trajectory to the proton. We compute this coupling in the Sakai-Sugimoto model and find excellent agreement with the data at large $s$ and small $t$. Read More

We employ both top-down and bottom-up holographic dual models of QCD to calculate vertex functions and couplings that are induced by the five dimensional Chern-Simons term. We use these couplings to study the photoproduction of $f_1$ mesons. The Chern-Simons-term-induced interaction leads to a simple relation between the polarization of the incoming photon and the final state $f_1$ meson which should allow a clear separation of this interaction from competing processes. Read More

Abundances of Mo isotopes predicted by stellar models of the s process are, except for 95Mo, in good agreement with data from single grains of mainstream presolar SiC. Because the meteorite data seemed sound and no reasonable modification to stellar theory resulted in good agreement for 95Mo, it has been suggested that the recommended neutron capture reaction rate for this nuclide is 30% too low. Therefore, we have made a new determination of the 95Mo(n,gamma) reaction rate via high-resolution measurements of the neutron-capture and total cross sections of 95Mo at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator. Read More

There have been many reports of non-statistical effects in neutron-capture measurements. However, reports of deviations of reduced-neutron-width distributions from the expected Porter-Thomas (PT) shape largely have been ignored. Most of these deviations have been reported for odd-A nuclides. Read More

We study the defect AdS/CFT correspondence for a system of N_c D3-branes intersecting certain configurations of D7-branes and O7-planes in 1+1-dimensions. The intersection is chiral, preserving N=(0,8) supersymmetry. The geometry produced by the 7-branes does not decouple in the low energy limit on the D3-branes; consequently the field theory must be considered in the curved background of the 7-branes, and the supergravity background is the fully backreacted solution accounting for both sets of branes. Read More

We use Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) chromospheric full-disk magnetograms, from the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) project, to study the distribution of magnetic field flux concentrations within the polar caps. We find that magnetic flux elements preferentially appear toward lower latitudes within the polar caps away from the poles. This has implications on numerous solar phenomena such as the formation and evolution of fine polar coronal structures (i. Read More

Magnetograms from the Vector SpectroMagnetograph (VSM) of the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) project are utilized to study the latitude distribution of magnetic flux elements as a function of latitude in the polar solar caps. We find that the density distribution of the magnetic flux normalized by the surface of the polar cap and averaged over months decreases close to the solar poles. This trend is more pronounced when considering only flux elements with relatively large size. Read More

The Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument has been recording photospheric and chromospheric magnetograms daily since August 2003. Full-disk photospheric vector magnetograms are observed at least weekly and, since November 2006, area-scans of active regions daily. Quick-look vector magnetic images, plus X3D and FITS formated files, are now publicly available daily. Read More

The standard model $SU(2)_L\times U(1)_Y$ gauging of the Wess-Zumino-Witten term requires a modified counterterm when background fields, needed to generate the full set of currents, are introduced. The modified counterterm plays an essential role in properly defining covariant global currents and their anomalies. For example, it is required in order to correctly derive the gauge invariant baryon number current and its anomalous divergence. Read More

We study a system of $N_c$ $D3$-branes intersecting $D7$-branes and $O7$-planes in 1+1-dimensions. We use anomaly cancellation and string dualities to argue that there must be chiral fermion zero-modes on the $D3$-branes which are localized near the $O7$-planes. Away from the orientifold limit we verify this by using index theory as well as explicit construction of the zero-modes. Read More

We propose new physical processes based on the axial vector anomaly and described by the Wess-Zumino-Witten term that couples the photon, Z-boson, and the omega-meson. The interaction takes the form of a pseudo-Chern-Simons term, $\sim \epsilon_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}\omega^\mu Z^\nu F^{\rho\sigma}$. This term induces neutrino-photon interactions at finite baryon density via the coupling of the Z-boson to neutrinos. Read More

We show that holographic models of QCD predict the presence of a Chern-Simons coupling between vector and axial-vector mesons at finite baryon density. In the AdS/CFT dictionary, the coefficient of this coupling is proportional to the baryon number density, and is fixed uniquely in the five-dimensional holographic dual by anomalies in the flavor currents. For the lightest mesons, the coupling mixes transverse $\rho$ and $a_1$ polarization states. Read More

We investigate the plasma dynamics (outflow speed and turbulence) inside polar plumes. We compare line profiles (mainly of \ion{O}{6}) observed by the UVCS instrument on SOHO at the minimum of solar cycle 22-23 with model calculations. We consider Maxwellian velocity distributions with different widths in plume and inter-plume regions. Read More

The photospheric magnetic field outside of active regions and the network has a ubiquitous and dynamic line-of-sight component that strengthens from disk center to limb as expected for a nearly horizontal orientation. This component shows a striking time variation with an average temporal rms near the limb of 1.7 G at ~3" resolution. Read More

An empirical model for forecasting solar wind speed related geomagnetic events is presented here. The model is based on the estimated location and size of solar coronal holes. This method differs from models that are based on photospheric magnetograms (e. Read More

A method for automated coronal hole detection using He I 1083 nm spectroheliograms and photospheric magnetograms is presented here. The unique line formation of the helium line allows for the detection of regions associated with solar coronal holes with minimal line-of-sight obscuration across the observed solar disk. The automated detection algorithm utilizes morphological image analysis, thresholding and smoothing to estimate the location, boundaries, polarity and flux of candidate coronal hole regions. Read More

The Vector SpectroMagnetograph (VSM) instrument has recorded full-disk photospheric vector magnetograms weekly since August 2003 as part of the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) project. After the full deployment of the VSM data processing system, a typical observing day will include three Fe I 630.2 nm full-disk photospheric vector magnetograms, one full-disk photospheric and three Ca II 854. Read More

Over 24 years of synoptic data from the NSO Kitt Peak Vacuum Telescope is used to investigate the coherency and source of the 27-day (synodic) periodicity that is observed over multiple solar cycles in various solar-related time series. A strong 27.03-day period signal, recently reported by Neugebauer et al. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of California at Berkeley, 2University of California at Berkeley, 3University of California at Berkeley, 4University of California at Berkeley, 5University of California at Berkeley, 6University of California at Berkeley, 7University of California at Berkeley, 8University of California at Berkeley, 9University of California at Berkeley, 10University of California at Berkeley, 11University of California at Berkeley

We have observed reversible light-induced mechanical switching for a single organic molecule bound to a metal surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to image the features of an individual azobenzene molecule on Au(111) before and after reversibly cycling its mechanical structure between trans and cis states using light. Azobenzene molecules were engineered to increase their surface photomechanical activity by attaching varying numbers of tert-butyl (TB) ligands ("legs") to the azobenzene phenyl rings. Read More