J. Giner Navarro - University of Victoria

J. Giner Navarro
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Name
J. Giner Navarro
Affiliation
University of Victoria
City
College Station
Country
United States

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (34)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (14)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
Nuclear Theory (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (3)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (2)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Complex Variables (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)

Publications Authored By J. Giner Navarro

We present the Pristine survey, a new narrow-band photometric survey focused on the metallicity-sensitive Ca H & K lines and conducted in the northern hemisphere with the wide-field imager MegaCam on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). This paper reviews our overall survey strategy and discusses the data processing and metallicity calibration. Additionally we review the application of these data to the main aims of the survey, which are to gather a large sample of the most metal-poor stars in the Galaxy, to further characterise the faintest Milky Way satellites, and to map the (metal-poor) substructure in the Galactic halo. Read More

We present a novel analysis of the metal-poor star sample in the complete Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) Data Release 5 catalog with the goal of identifying and characterizing all very metal-poor stars observed by the survey. Using a three-stage method, we first identified the candidate stars using only their spectra as input information. We employed an algorithm called t-SNE to construct a low-dimensional projection of the spectrum space and isolate the region containing metal-poor stars. Read More

We explore the correlations between velocity and metallicity and the possible distinct chemical signatures of the velocity over-densities of the local Galactic neighbourhood. We use the large spectroscopic survey RAVE and the Geneva Copenhagen Survey. We compare the metallicity distribution of regions in the velocity plane ($v_R,v_\phi$) with that of their symmetric counterparts ($-v_R,v_\phi$). Read More

We examine the origin of the mass discrepancy-radial acceleration relation (MDAR) of disc galaxies. This is a tight empirical correlation between the disc centripetal acceleration and that expected from the baryonic component. The MDAR holds at all radii probed by disc kinematic tracers, regardless of galaxy mass or surface brightness. Read More

A large sample of over 38,000 chromospherically active candidate solar-like stars and cooler dwarfs from the RAVE survey is addressed in this paper. An improved activity identification with respect to the previous study was introduced to build a catalog of field stars in the Solar neighborhood with an excess emission flux in the calcium infrared triplet wavelength region. The central result of this work is the calibration of the age--activity relation for the main sequence dwarfs in a range from a few $10 \; \mathrm{Myr}$ up to a few Gyr. Read More

By considering infinite matter constraints only, we suggest in this paper that the Gogny interaction should benefit from a third Gaussian in its central part. A statistical analysis is given to select the possible ranges which are compatible with these constraints and which minimize a $\chi^2$ function. Read More

We characterize the selection function of RAVE using 2MASS as our underlying population, which we assume represents all stars which could have potentially been observed. We evaluate the completeness fraction as a function of position, magnitude, and color in two ways: first, on a field-by-field basis, and second, in equal-size areas on the sky. Then, we consider the effect of the RAVE stellar parameter pipeline on the final resulting catalogue, which in principle limits the parameter space over which our selection function is valid. Read More

We use the APOSTLE cosmological hydrodynamic simulations to examine the effects of tidal stripping on cold dark matter (CDM) sub haloes that host three of the most luminous Milky Way (MW) dwarf satellite galaxies: Fornax, Sculptor, and Leo I. We identify simulated satellites that match the observed spatial and kinematic distributions of stars in these galaxies, and track their evolution after infall. We find $\sim$ 30$\%$ of subhaloes hosting satellites with present-day stellar mass $10^6$-$10^8$ $M_{\odot}$ experience $>20\%$ stellar mass loss after infall. Read More

2016Oct
Affiliations: 1MPIA, UvA, Leiden, 2Durham, 3Leiden, 4LJMU, 5Durham, 6ICG Portsmouth, 7Durham, 8Victoria, 9Copenhagen, EPFL, 10Helsinki, 11Durham, 12Leiden, 13Durham

We study galaxy formation in sterile neutrino dark matter models that differ significantly from both cold and from `warm thermal relic' models. We use the EAGLE code to carry out hydrodynamic simulations of the evolution of pairs of galaxies chosen to resemble the Local Group, as part of the APOSTLE simulations project. We compare cold dark matter (CDM) with two sterile neutrino models with 7 keV mass: one, the warmest among all models of this mass (LA120) and the other, a relatively cold case (LA10). Read More

We analyze the total and baryonic acceleration profiles of a set of well-resolved galaxies identified in the EAGLE suite of hydrodynamic simulations. Our runs start from the same initial conditions but adopt different prescriptions for unresolved stellar and AGN feedback, resulting in diverse populations of galaxies by the present day. Some of them reproduce observed galaxy scaling relations, while others do not. Read More

We prove that the only natural differential operations between holomorphic forms on a complex manifold are those obtained using linear combinations, the exterior product and the exterior differential. In order to accomplish this task we first develop the basics of the theory of natural holomorphic bundles over a fixed manifold, making explicit its Galoisian structure by proving a categorical equivalence {\it \`a la Galois}. Read More

We present a comprehensive analysis of the structural properties and luminosities of the 23 dwarf spheroidal galaxies that fall within the footprint of the Pan-Andromeda Archaeological Survey (PAndAS). These dwarf galaxies represent the large majority of Andromeda's known satellite dwarf galaxies and cover a wide range in luminosity ($-11.6Read More

We examine the properties of barred disc galaxies in a LCDM cosmological hydrodynamical simulation from the EAGLE project. Our study follows the formation of 269 discs identified at z = 0 in the stellar mass range 10.6 < log Mstr /M < 11. Read More

We examine the spatial distribution of the oldest and most metal poor stellar populations of Milky Way-sized galaxies using the APOSTLE cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group. In agreement with earlier work, we find strong radial gradients in the fraction of the oldest (tform < 0.8 Gyr) and most metal poor ([Fe/H]< -2. Read More

We present a set of 87 RAVE stars with detected solar like oscillations, observed during Campaign 1 of the K2 mission (RAVE K2-C1 sample). This dataset provides a useful benchmark for testing the gravities provided in RAVE Data Release 4 (DR4), and is key for the calibration of the RAVE Data Release 5 (DR5). In the present work, we use two different pipelines, GAUFRE (Valentini et al. Read More

Data Release 5 (DR5) of the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) is the fifth data release from a magnitude-limited (9< I < 12) survey of stars randomly selected in the southern hemisphere. The RAVE medium-resolution spectra ($R\sim7500$) covering the Ca-triplet region (8410-8795\AA) span the complete time frame from the start of RAVE observations in 2003 to their completion in 2013. Radial velocities from 520,781 spectra of 457,588 unique stars are presented, of which 255,922 stellar observations have parallaxes and proper motions from the Tycho-Gaia astrometric solution (TGAS) in Gaia DR1. Read More

The orbits, atmospheric parameters, chemical abundances, and ages of individual stars in the Milky Way provide the most comprehensive illustration of galaxy formation available. The Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS) will deliver astrometric parameters for the largest ever sample of Milky Way stars, though its full potential cannot be realized without the addition of complementary spectroscopy. Among existing spectroscopic surveys, the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) has the largest overlap with TGAS ($\gtrsim$200,000 stars). Read More

2016Sep
Affiliations: 1University of Helsinki, Finland, 2University of Helsinki, Finland, 3University of Helsinki, Finland, 4Institute for Computational Cosmology, University of Durham, UK, 5University of Victoria, Canada, 6University of Victoria, Canada, 7Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching, Germany

The predicted abundance and properties of the low-mass substructures embedded inside larger dark matter haloes differ sharply among alternative dark matter models. Too small to host galaxies themselves, these subhaloes may still be detected via gravitational lensing, or via perturbations of the Milky Way's globular cluster streams and its stellar disk. Here we use the Apostle cosmological simulations to predict the abundance and the spatial and velocity distributions of subhaloes in the range 10^6. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: The CLIC, CLICdp collaborations, :, M. J. Boland, U. Felzmann, P. J. Giansiracusa, T. G. Lucas, R. P. Rassool, C. Balazs, T. K. Charles, K. Afanaciev, I. Emeliantchik, A. Ignatenko, V. Makarenko, N. Shumeiko, A. Patapenka, I. Zhuk, A. C. Abusleme Hoffman, M. A. Diaz Gutierrez, M. Vogel Gonzalez, Y. Chi, X. He, G. Pei, S. Pei, G. Shu, X. Wang, J. Zhang, F. Zhao, Z. Zhou, H. Chen, Y. Gao, W. Huang, Y. P. Kuang, B. Li, Y. Li, J. Shao, J. Shi, C. Tang, X. Wu, L. Ma, Y. Han, W. Fang, Q. Gu, D. Huang, X. Huang, J. Tan, Z. Wang, Z. Zhao, T. Laštovička, U. Uggerhoj, T. N. Wistisen, A. Aabloo, K. Eimre, K. Kuppart, S. Vigonski, V. Zadin, M. Aicheler, E. Baibuz, E. Brücken, F. Djurabekova, P. Eerola, F. Garcia, E. Haeggström, K. Huitu, V. Jansson, V. Karimaki, I. Kassamakov, A. Kyritsakis, S. Lehti, A. Meriläinen, R. Montonen, T. Niinikoski, K. Nordlund, K. Österberg, M. Parekh, N. A. Törnqvist, J. Väinölä, M. Veske, W. Farabolini, A. Mollard, O. Napoly, F. Peauger, J. Plouin, P. Bambade, I. Chaikovska, R. Chehab, M. Davier, W. Kaabi, E. Kou, F. LeDiberder, R. Pöschl, D. Zerwas, B. Aimard, G. Balik, J. -P. Baud, J. -J. Blaising, L. Brunetti, M. Chefdeville, C. Drancourt, N. Geoffroy, J. Jacquemier, A. Jeremie, Y. Karyotakis, J. M. Nappa, S. Vilalte, G. Vouters, A. Bernard, I. Peric, M. Gabriel, F. Simon, M. Szalay, N. van der Kolk, T. Alexopoulos, E. N. Gazis, N. Gazis, E. Ikarios, V. Kostopoulos, S. Kourkoulis, P. D. Gupta, P. Shrivastava, H. Arfaei, M. K. Dayyani, H. Ghasem, S. S. Hajari, H. Shaker, Y. Ashkenazy, H. Abramowicz, Y. Benhammou, O. Borysov, S. Kananov, A. Levy, I. Levy, O. Rosenblat, G. D'Auria, S. Di Mitri, T. Abe, A. Aryshev, T. Higo, Y. Makida, S. Matsumoto, T. Shidara, T. Takatomi, Y. Takubo, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, K. Ueno, J. Urakawa, A. Yamamoto, M. Yamanaka, R. Raboanary, R. Hart, H. van der Graaf, G. Eigen, J. Zalieckas, E. Adli, R. Lillestøl, L. Malina, J. Pfingstner, K. N. Sjobak, W. Ahmed, M. I. Asghar, H. Hoorani, S. Bugiel, R. Dasgupta, M. Firlej, T. A. Fiutowski, M. Idzik, M. Kopec, M. Kuczynska, J. Moron, K. P. Swientek, W. Daniluk, B. Krupa, M. Kucharczyk, T. Lesiak, A. Moszczynski, B. Pawlik, P. Sopicki, T. Wojtoń, L. Zawiejski, J. Kalinowski, M. Krawczyk, A. F. Żarnecki, E. Firu, V. Ghenescu, A. T. Neagu, T. Preda, I-S. Zgura, A. Aloev, N. Azaryan, J. Budagov, M. Chizhov, M. Filippova, V. Glagolev, A. Gongadze, S. Grigoryan, D. Gudkov, V. Karjavine, M. Lyablin, A. Olyunin, A. Samochkine, A. Sapronov, G. Shirkov, V. Soldatov, A. Solodko, E. Solodko, G. Trubnikov, I. Tyapkin, V. Uzhinsky, A. Vorozhtov, E. Levichev, N. Mezentsev, P. Piminov, D. Shatilov, P. Vobly, K. Zolotarev, I. Bozovic Jelisavcic, G. Kacarevic, S. Lukic, G. Milutinovic-Dumbelovic, M. Pandurovic, U. Iriso, F. Perez, M. Pont, J. Trenado, M. Aguilar-Benitez, J. Calero, L. Garcia-Tabares, D. Gavela, J. L. Gutierrez, D. Lopez, F. Toral, D. Moya, A. Ruiz Jimeno, I. Vila, T. Argyropoulos, C. Blanch Gutierrez, M. Boronat, D. Esperante, A. Faus-Golfe, J. Fuster, N. Fuster Martinez, N. Galindo Muñoz, I. García, J. Giner Navarro, E. Ros, M. Vos, R. Brenner, T. Ekelöf, M. Jacewicz, J. Ögren, M. Olvegård, R. Ruber, V. Ziemann, D. Aguglia, N. Alipour Tehrani, A. Andersson, F. Andrianala, F. Antoniou, K. Artoos, S. Atieh, R. Ballabriga Sune, M. J. Barnes, J. Barranco Garcia, H. Bartosik, C. Belver-Aguilar, A. Benot Morell, D. R. Bett, S. Bettoni, G. Blanchot, O. Blanco Garcia, X. A. Bonnin, O. Brunner, H. Burkhardt, S. Calatroni, M. Campbell, N. Catalan Lasheras, M. Cerqueira Bastos, A. Cherif, E. Chevallay, B. Constance, R. Corsini, B. Cure, S. Curt, B. Dalena, D. Dannheim, G. De Michele, L. De Oliveira, N. Deelen, J. P. Delahaye, T. Dobers, S. Doebert, M. Draper, F. Duarte Ramos, A. Dubrovskiy, K. Elsener, J. Esberg, M. Esposito, V. Fedosseev, P. Ferracin, A. Fiergolski, K. Foraz, A. Fowler, F. Friebel, J-F. Fuchs, C. A. Fuentes Rojas, A. Gaddi, L. Garcia Fajardo, H. Garcia Morales, C. Garion, L. Gatignon, J-C. Gayde, H. Gerwig, A. N. Goldblatt, C. Grefe, A. Grudiev, F. G. Guillot-Vignot, M. L. Gutt-Mostowy, M. Hauschild, C. Hessler, J. K. Holma, E. Holzer, M. Hourican, D. Hynds, Y. Inntjore Levinsen, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, M. Jonker, M. Kastriotou, J. M. K. Kemppinen, R. B. Kieffer, W. Klempt, O. Kononenko, A. Korsback, E. Koukovini Platia, J. W. Kovermann, C-I. Kozsar, I. Kremastiotis, S. Kulis, A. Latina, F. Leaux, P. Lebrun, T. Lefevre, L. Linssen, X. Llopart Cudie, A. A. Maier, H. Mainaud Durand, E. Manosperti, C. Marelli, E. Marin Lacoma, R. Martin, S. Mazzoni, G. Mcmonagle, O. Mete, L. M. Mether, M. Modena, R. M. Münker, T. Muranaka, E. Nebot Del Busto, N. Nikiforou, D. Nisbet, J-M. Nonglaton, F. X. Nuiry, A. Nürnberg, M. Olvegard, J. Osborne, S. Papadopoulou, Y. Papaphilippou, A. Passarelli, M. Patecki, L. Pazdera, D. Pellegrini, K. Pepitone, E. Perez Codina, A. Perez Fontenla, T. H. B. Persson, M. Petrič, F. Pitters, S. Pittet, F. Plassard, R. Rajamak, S. Redford, Y. Renier, S. F. Rey, G. Riddone, L. Rinolfi, E. Rodriguez Castro, P. Roloff, C. Rossi, V. Rude, G. Rumolo, A. Sailer, E. Santin, D. Schlatter, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, N. Shipman, E. Sicking, R. Simoniello, P. K. Skowronski, P. Sobrino Mompean, L. Soby, M. P. Sosin, S. Sroka, S. Stapnes, G. Sterbini, R. Ström, I. Syratchev, F. Tecker, P. A. Thonet, L. Timeo, H. Timko, R. Tomas Garcia, P. Valerio, A. L. Vamvakas, A. Vivoli, M. A. Weber, R. Wegner, M. Wendt, B. Woolley, W. Wuensch, J. Uythoven, H. Zha, P. Zisopoulos, M. Benoit, M. Vicente Barreto Pinto, M. Bopp, H. H. Braun, M. Csatari Divall, M. Dehler, T. Garvey, J. Y. Raguin, L. Rivkin, R. Zennaro, A. Aksoy, Z. Nergiz, E. Pilicer, I. Tapan, O. Yavas, V. Baturin, R. Kholodov, S. Lebedynskyi, V. Miroshnichenko, S. Mordyk, I. Profatilova, V. Storizhko, N. Watson, A. Winter, J. Goldstein, S. Green, J. S. Marshall, M. A. Thomson, B. Xu, W. A. Gillespie, R. Pan, M. A Tyrk, D. Protopopescu, A. Robson, R. Apsimon, I. Bailey, G. Burt, D. Constable, A. Dexter, S. Karimian, C. Lingwood, M. D. Buckland, G. Casse, J. Vossebeld, A. Bosco, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, K. Lekomtsev, L. Nevay, J. Snuverink, E. Yamakawa, V. Boisvert, S. Boogert, G. Boorman, S. Gibson, A. Lyapin, W. Shields, P. Teixeira-Dias, S. West, R. Jones, N. Joshi, R. Bodenstein, P. N. Burrows, G. B. Christian, D. Gamba, C. Perry, J. Roberts, J. A. Clarke, N. A. Collomb, S. P. Jamison, B. J. A. Shepherd, D. Walsh, M. Demarteau, J. Repond, H. Weerts, L. Xia, J. D. Wells, C. Adolphsen, T. Barklow, M. Breidenbach, N. Graf, J. Hewett, T. Markiewicz, D. McCormick, K. Moffeit, Y. Nosochkov, M. Oriunno, N. Phinney, T. Rizzo, S. Tantawi, F. Wang, J. Wang, G. White, M. Woodley

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a multi-TeV high-luminosity linear e+e- collider under development. For an optimal exploitation of its physics potential, CLIC is foreseen to be built and operated in a staged approach with three centre-of-mass energy stages ranging from a few hundred GeV up to 3 TeV. The first stage will focus on precision Standard Model physics, in particular Higgs and top-quark measurements. Read More

Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems (FRBCSs) have the potential to provide so-called interpretable classifiers, i.e. classifiers which can be introspective, understood, validated and augmented by human experts by relying on fuzzy-set based rules. Read More

In the context of cancer treatment and surgery, quality of life assessment is a crucial part of determining treatment success and viability. In order to assess it, patients completed questionnaires which employ words to capture aspects of patients well-being are the norm. As the results of these questionnaires are often used to assess patient progress and to determine future treatment options, it is important to establish that the words used are interpreted in the same way by both patients and medical professionals. Read More

We examine the dark matter content of satellite galaxies in Lambda-CDM cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group from the APOSTLE project. We find excellent agreement between simulation results and estimates for the 9 brightest Galactic dwarf spheroidals (dSphs) derived from their stellar velocity dispersions and half-light radii. Tidal stripping plays an important role by gradually removing dark matter from the outside in, affecting in particular fainter satellites and systems of larger-than-average size for their luminosity. Read More

The Tully-Fisher relation (TFR) links the stellar mass of a disk galaxy, $M_{\rm str}$, to its rotation speed: it is well approximated by a power law, shows little scatter, and evolves weakly with redshift. The relation has been interpreted as reflecting the mass-velocity scaling ($M\propto V^3$) of dark matter halos, but this interpretation has been called into question by abundance-matching (AM) models, which predict the galaxy-halo mass relation to be non-monotonic and rapidy evolving. We study the TFR of luminous spirals and its relation to AM using the EAGLE set of $\Lambda$CDM cosmological simulations. Read More

We discuss some infinite matter properties of two finite-range interactions widely used for nuclear structure calculations, namely Gogny and M3Y interactions. We show that some useful informations can be deduced for the central, tensor and spin-orbit terms from the spin-isospin channels and the partial wave decomposition of the symmetric nuclear matter equation of state. We show in particular that the central part of the Gogny interaction should benefit from the introduction of a third Gaussian and the tensor parameters of both interactions can be deduced from special combinations of partial waves. Read More

The Initial Star formation and Lifetimes of Andromeda Satellites (ISLAndS) project uses Hubble Space Telescope imaging to study a representative sample of six Andromeda dSph satellite companion galaxies. The main goal of the program is to determine whether the star formation histories (SFHs) of the Andromeda dSph satellites demonstrate significant statistical differences from those of the Milky Way, which may be attributable to the different properties of their local environments. Our observations reach the oldest main sequence turn-offs, allowing a time resolution at the oldest ages of ~ 1 Gyr, which is comparable to the best achievable resolution in the MW satellites. Read More

We use numerical simulations to examine the effects of radial migration on the vertical structure of galaxy disks. The simulations follow three exponential disks of different mass but similar circular velocity, radial scalelength, and (constant) scale height. The disks develop different non-axisymmetric patterns, ranging from feeble, long-lived multiple arms to strong, rapidly-evolving few-armed spirals. Read More

The hierarchical nature of LCDM suggests that the Magellanic Clouds must have been surrounded by a number of satellites before their infall into the Milky Way. Many of those satellites should still be in close proximity to the Clouds, but some could have dispersed ahead/behind the Clouds along their Galactic orbit. Either way, prior association with the Clouds results in strong restrictions on the present-day positions and velocities of candidate Magellanic satellites: they must lie close to the nearly-polar orbital plane of the Magellanic stream, and their distances and radial velocities must follow the latitude dependence expected for a tidal stream with the Clouds at pericenter. Read More

2016May
Affiliations: 1ICC, Durham University, 2ICC, Durham University, 3University of Victoria, 4University of Victoria, 5University of Victoria, 6University of Helsinki

We investigate the presence and importance of dark matter discs in a sample of 24 simulated Milky Way galaxies in the APOSTLE project, part of the EAGLE programme of hydrodynamic simulations in Lambda-CDM cosmology. It has been suggested that a dark disc in the Milky Way may boost the dark matter density and modify the velocity modulus relative to a smooth halo at the position of the Sun, with ramifications for direct detection experiments. From a kinematic decomposition of the dark matter and a real space analysis of all 24 halos, we find that only one of the simulated Milky Way analogues has a detectable dark disc component. Read More

The analysis of the early star formation history (SFH) of nearby galaxies, obtained from their resolved stellar populations is relevant as a test for cosmological models. However, the early time resolution of observationally derived SFHs is limited by several factors. Thus, direct comparison of observationally derived SFHs with those derived from theoretical models of galaxy formation is potentially biased. Read More

We present evidence from the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) survey of chemically separated, kinematically distinct disc components in the solar neighbourhood. We apply probabilistic chemical selection criteria to separate our sample into $\alpha$-low (`thin disc') and $\alpha$-high (`thick disc') sequences. Using newly derived distances, which will be utilized in the upcoming RAVE DR5, we explore the kinematic trends as a function of metallicity for each of the disc components. Read More

2016Mar
Affiliations: 1ICC Durham, 2ICC Durham, 3ICC Durham, 4ICC Durham, 5Victoria, CIfAR, 6Helsinki, 7ICC Durham, 8Victoria, 9Victoria, 10ICC Durham

The observed stellar kinematics of dispersion-supported galaxies are often used to measure dynamical masses. Recently, several analytical relationships between the stellar line-of-sight velocity dispersion, the projected (2D) or deprojected (3D) half-light radius, and the total mass enclosed within the half-light radius, relying on the spherical Jeans equation, have been proposed. Here, we make use of the APOSTLE cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the Local Group to test the validity and accuracy of such mass estimators for both dispersion and rotation-supported galaxies, for field and satellite galaxies, and for galaxies of varying masses, shapes, and velocity dispersion anisotropies. Read More

Among Zellig Harris's numerous contributions to linguistics his theory of the sublanguages of science probably ranks among the most underrated. However, not only has this theory led to some exhaustive and meaningful applications in the study of the grammar of immunology language and its changes over time, but it also illustrates the nature of mathematical relations between chunks or subsets of a grammar and the language as a whole. This becomes most clear when dealing with the connection between metalanguage and language, as well as when reflecting on operators. Read More

Based on data aquired in 13 orbits of HST time, we present a detailed evolutionary history of the M31 dSph satellite Andromeda XVI, including its life-time star formation history, the spatial distribution of its stellar populations, and the properties of its variable stars. And XVI is characterized by prolonged star formation activity from the oldest epochs until star formation was quenched ~6 Gyr ago, and, notably, only half of the mass in stars of And XVI was in place 10 Gyr ago. And XVI appears to be a low mass galaxy for which the early quenching by either reionization or starburst feedback seems highly unlikely, and thus, is most likely due to an environmental effect (e. Read More

The scaling of disk galaxy rotation velocity with baryonic mass (the "Baryonic Tully-Fisher" relation, BTF) has long confounded galaxy formation models. It is steeper than the M ~ V^3 scaling relating halo virial masses and circular velocities and its zero point implies that galaxies comprise a very small fraction of available baryons. Such low galaxy formation efficiencies may in principle be explained by winds driven by evolving stars, but the tightness of the BTF relation argues against the substantial scatter expected from such vigorous feedback mechanism. Read More

The Next Generation Virgo Cluster Survey (NGVS) is a deep $u^*giz$ survey targeting the Virgo cluster of galaxies at 16.5~Mpc. This survey provides high-quality photometry over an $\sim$ 100 deg$^2$ region straddling the constellations of Virgo and Coma Berenices. Read More

2016Jan
Authors: R. Acciarri, M. A. Acero, M. Adamowski, C. Adams, P. Adamson, S. Adhikari, Z. Ahmad, C. H. Albright, T. Alion, E. Amador, J. Anderson, K. Anderson, C. Andreopoulos, M. Andrews, R. Andrews, I. Anghel, J. d. Anjos, A. Ankowski, M. Antonello, A. ArandaFernandez, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, D. Aristizabal, E. Arrieta-Diaz, K. Aryal, J. Asaadi, D. Asner, M. S. Athar, M. Auger, A. Aurisano, V. Aushev, D. Autiero, M. Avila, J. J. Back, X. Bai, B. Baibussinov, M. Baird, A. B. Balantekin, B. Baller, P. Ballett, B. Bambah, M. Bansal, S. Bansal, G. J. Barker, W. A. Barletta, G. Barr, N. Barros, L. Bartoszek, A. Bashyal, M. Bass, F. Bay, J. Beacom, B. R. Behera, G. Bellettini, V. Bellini, O. Beltramello, P. A. Benetti, A. Bercellie, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, H. Berns, R. Bernstein, S. Bertolucci, B. Bhandari, V. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, K. Biery, M. Bishai, T. Blackburn, A. Blake, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, E. Blaufuss, B. Bleakley, E. Blucher, V. Bocean, F. Boffelli, J. Boissevain, S. Bolognesi, T. Bolton, M. Bonesini, T. Boone, C. Booth, S. Bordoni, M. Borysova, B. Bourguille, S. B. Boyd, D. Brailsford, A. Brandt, J. Bremer, S. Brice, C. Bromberg, G. Brooijmans, G. Brown, R. Brown, G. Brunetti, X. Bu, N. Buchanan, H. Budd, B. Bugg, P. Calafiura, E. Calligarich, E. Calvo, L. Camilleri, M. Campanelli, C. Cantini, B. Carls, R. Carr, M. Cascella, C. Castromonte, E. CatanoMur, F. Cavanna, S. Centro, A. CerveraVillanueva, V. B. Chandratre, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Chattopadhyay, L. Chaussard, S. Chembra, H. Chen, K. Chen, M. Chen, D. Cherdack, C. Chi, S. Childress, S. Choubey, B. C. Choudhary, G. Christodoulou, C. Christofferson, E. Church, D. Cianci, D. Cline, T. Coan, A. Cocco, J. Coelho, P. Cole, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, R. Corey, L. Corwin, J. Cranshaw, P. Crivelli, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Curioni, J. Cushing, D. L. Adams, D. Dale, S. R. Das, T. Davenne, G. S. Davies, J. Davies, J. Dawson, K. De, A. deGouvea, J. K. deJong, P. deJong, P. DeLurgio, M. Decowski, A. Delbart, C. Densham, R. Dharmapalan, N. Dhingra, S. DiLuise, M. Diamantopoulou, J. S. Diaz, G. DiazBautista, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, J. Dolph, G. Drake, D. Duchesneau, M. Duvernois, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dye, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, R. Edgecock, D. Edmunds, S. Elliott, M. Elnimr, S. Emery, E. Endress, S. Eno, A. Ereditato, C. O. Escobar, J. Evans, A. Falcone, L. Falk, A. Farbin, C. Farnese, Y. Farzan, A. Fava, L. Favilli, J. Felde, J. Felix, S. Fernandes, L. Fields, A. Finch, M. Fitton, B. Fleming, T. Forest, J. Fowler, W. Fox, J. Fried, A. Friedland, S. Fuess, B. Fujikawa, A. Gago, H. Gallagher, S. Galymov, T. Gamble, R. Gandhi, D. Garcia-Gamez, S. Gardiner, G. Garvey, V. M. Gehman, A. Gendotti, G. d. Geronimo, C. Ghag, P. Ghoshal, D. Gibin, I. Gil-Botella, R. Gill, D. Girardelli, A. Giri, S. Glavin, D. Goeldi, S. Golapinni, M. Gold, R. A. Gomes, J. J. GomezCadenas, M. C. Goodman, D. Gorbunov, S. Goswami, N. Graf, N. Graf, M. Graham, E. Gramelini, R. Gran, C. Grant, N. Grant, V. Greco, H. Greenlee, L. Greenler, C. Greenley, M. Groh, S. Grullon, T. Grundy, K. Grzelak, E. Guardincerri, V. Guarino, E. Guarnaccia, G. P. Guedes, R. Guenette, A. Guglielmi, A. T. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, H. Hadavand, R. Haenni, A. Hahn, M. D. Haigh, T. Haines, T. Hamernik, T. Handler, S. Hans, D. Harris, J. Hartnell, T. Hasegawa, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, S. Hays, E. Hazen, M. Headley, A. Heavey, K. Heeger, J. Heise, K. Hennessy, J. Hewes, A. Higuera, T. Hill, A. Himmel, M. Hogan, P. Holanda, A. Holin, W. Honey, S. Horikawa, G. Horton-Smith, B. Howard, J. Howell, P. Hurh, J. Huston, J. Hylen, R. Imlay, J. Insler, G. Introzzi, D. Ioanisyan, A. Ioannisian, K. Iwamoto, A. Izmaylov, C. Jackson, D. E. Jaffe, C. James, E. James, F. Jediny, C. Jen, A. Jhingan, S. Jiménez, J. H. Jo, M. Johnson, R. Johnson, J. Johnstone, B. J. Jones, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, C. K. Jung, T. Junk, A. Kaboth, R. Kadel, T. Kafka, L. Kalousis, Y. Kamyshkov, G. Karagiorgi, D. Karasavvas, Y. Karyotakis, A. Kaur, P. Kaur, B. Kayser, N. Kazaryan, E. Kearns, P. Keener, S. Kemboi, E. Kemp, S. H. Kettell, M. Khabibullin, M. Khandaker, A. Khotjantsev, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, J. Klein, T. Kobilarcik, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, A. Kopylov, M. Kordosky, L. Kormos, U. Kose, V. A. Kostelecky, M. Kramer, I. Kreslo, R. Kriske, W. Kropp, Y. Kudenko, V. A. Kudryavtsev, S. Kulagin, A. Kumar, G. K. Kumar, J. Kumar, L. Kumar, T. Kutter, A. Laminack, K. Lande, C. Lane, K. Lang, F. Lanni, J. Learned, P. Lebrun, D. Lee, H. Lee, K. Lee, W. M. Lee, M. A. LeiguideOliveira, Q. Li, S. Li, S. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Z. Li, J. Libo, C. S. Lin, S. Lin, J. Ling, J. Link, Z. Liptak, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, Q. Liu, T. Liu, S. Lockwitz, N. Lockyer, T. Loew, M. Lokajicek, K. Long, M. D. L. Lopes, J. P. Lopez, J. Losecco, W. Louis, J. Lowery, M. Luethi, K. B. Luk, B. Lundberg, T. Lundin, X. Luo, T. Lux, J. Lykken, A. A. Machado, J. R. Macier, S. Magill, G. Mahler, K. Mahn, M. Malek, S. Malhotra, D. Malon, F. Mammoliti, S. Mancina, S. K. Mandal, S. Mandodi, S. L. Manly, A. Mann, A. Marchionni, W. Marciano, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, A. Marino, M. Marshak, C. Marshall, J. Marshall, J. Marteau, J. Martin-Albo, D. Martinez, S. Matsuno, J. Matthews, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, D. Mayilyan, E. Mazzucato, N. McCauley, E. McCluskey, N. McConkey, K. McDonald, K. S. McFarland, A. M. McGowan, C. McGrew, R. McKeown, D. McNulty, R. McTaggart, A. Mefodiev, M. Mehrian, P. Mehta, D. Mei, O. Mena, S. Menary, H. Mendez, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, Y. Meng, H. Merritt, D. Mertins, M. Messier, W. Metcalf, M. Mewes, H. Meyer, T. Miao, R. Milincic, W. Miller, G. Mills, O. Mineev, O. Miranda, C. S. Mishra, S. R. Mishra, B. Mitrica, D. Mladenov, I. Mocioiu, R. Mohanta, N. Mokhov, C. Montanari, D. Montanari, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. Moore, J. Morfin, B. Morgan, C. Morris, W. Morse, Z. Moss, C. Mossey, C. A. Moura, J. Mousseau, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, S. Murphy, J. Musser, R. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Navarro, D. Navas, J. Nelson, M. Nessi, M. Newcomer, Y. Ng, R. Nichol, T. C. Nicholls, K. Nikolics, E. Niner, B. Norris, F. Noto, P. Novakova, P. Novella, J. Nowak, M. S. Nunes, H. O'Keeffe, R. Oldeman, R. Oliveira, T. Olson, Y. Onishchuk, J. Osta, T. Ovsjannikova, B. Page, S. Pakvasa, S. Pal, O. Palamara, A. Palazzo, J. Paley, C. Palomares, E. Pantic, V. Paolone, V. Papadimitriou, J. Park, S. Parke, Z. Parsa, S. Pascoli, R. Patterson, S. Patton, T. Patzak, B. Paulos, L. Paulucci, Z. Pavlovic, G. Pawloski, S. Peeters, E. Pennacchio, A. Perch, G. N. Perdue, L. Periale, J. D. Perkin, H. Pessard, G. Petrillo, R. Petti, A. Petukhov, F. Pietropaolo, R. Plunkett, S. Pordes, M. Potekhin, R. Potenza, B. Potukuchi, N. Poudyal, O. Prokofiev, N. Pruthi, P. Przewlocki, D. Pushka, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Raboanary, V. Radeka, A. Radovic, G. Raffelt, I. Rakhno, H. T. Rakotondramanana, L. Rakotondravohitra, Y. A. Ramachers, R. Rameika, J. Ramsey, A. Rappoldi, G. Raselli, P. Ratoff, B. Rebel, C. Regenfus, J. Reichenbacher, D. Reitzner, A. Remoto, A. Renshaw, S. Rescia, M. Richardson, K. Rielage, K. Riesselmann, M. Robinson, L. Rochester, O. B. Rodrigues, P. Rodrigues, B. Roe, M. Rosen, R. M. Roser, M. Ross-Lonergan, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, R. Rucinski, C. RudolphvonRohr, B. Russell, D. Ruterbories, R. Saakyan, N. Sahu, P. Sala, N. Samios, F. Sanchez, M. Sanchez, B. Sands, S. Santana, R. Santorelli, G. Santucci, N. Saoulidou, A. Scaramelli, H. Schellman, P. Schlabach, R. Schmitt, D. Schmitz, J. Schneps, K. Scholberg, A. Schukraft, J. Schwehr, E. Segreto, S. Seibert, J. A. Sepulveda-Quiroz, F. Sergiampietri, L. Sexton-Kennedy, D. Sgalaberna, M. Shaevitz, J. Shahi, S. Shahsavarani, P. Shanahan, S. U. Shankar, R. Sharma, R. K. Sharma, T. Shaw, R. Shrock, I. Shyrma, N. Simos, G. Sinev, I. Singh, J. Singh, J. Singh, V. Singh, G. Sinnis, W. Sippach, D. Smargianaki, M. Smy, E. Snider, P. Snopok, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, N. Solomey, W. Sondheim, M. Sorel, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, J. Spitz, J. Spitz, N. J. Spooner, M. Stancari, I. Stancu, D. Stefan, H. M. Steiner, J. Stewart, J. Stock, S. Stoica, J. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strait, T. Strauss, S. Striganov, R. Sulej, G. Sullivan, Y. Sun, L. Suter, C. M. Sutera, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. Talaga, M. Tamsett, S. Tariq, E. Tatar, R. Tayloe, C. Taylor, D. Taylor, K. Terao, M. Thiesse, J. Thomas, L. F. Thompson, M. Thomson, C. Thorn, M. Thorpe, X. Tian, D. Tiedt, S. C. Timm, A. Tonazzo, T. Tope, A. Topkar, F. R. Torres, M. Torti, M. Tortola, F. Tortorici, M. Toups, C. Touramanis, M. Tripathi, I. Tropin, Y. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. Tsenov, S. Tufanli, C. Tull, J. Turner, M. Tzanov, E. Tziaferi, Y. Uchida, J. Urheim, T. Usher, M. Vagins, P. Vahle, G. A. Valdiviesso, L. Valerio, Z. Vallari, J. Valle, R. VanBerg, R. VandeWater, P. VanGemmeren, F. Varanini, G. Varner, G. Vasseur, K. Vaziri, G. Velev, S. Ventura, A. Verdugo, T. Viant, T. V. Vieira, C. Vignoli, C. Vilela, B. Viren, T. Vrba, T. Wachala, D. Wahl, M. Wallbank, N. Walsh, B. Wang, H. Wang, L. Wang, T. Wang, T. K. Warburton, D. Warner, M. Wascko, D. Waters, T. B. Watson, A. Weber, M. Weber, W. Wei, A. Weinstein, D. Wells, D. Wenman, M. Wetstein, A. White, L. Whitehead, D. Whittington, M. Wilking, J. Willhite, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, L. Winslow, P. Wittich, S. Wojcicki, H. H. Wong, K. Wood, E. Worcester, M. Worcester, S. Wu, T. Xin, C. Yanagisawa, S. Yang, T. Yang, K. Yarritu, J. Ye, M. Yeh, N. Yershov, K. Yonehara, B. Yu, J. Yu, J. Zalesak, A. Zalewska, B. Zamorano, L. Zang, A. Zani, A. Zani, G. Zavala, G. Zeller, C. Zhang, C. Zhang, E. D. Zimmerman, M. Zito, R. Zwaska

This document presents the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) put forward by an international neutrino community to pursue the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment at the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF/DUNE), a groundbreaking science experiment for long-baseline neutrino oscillation studies and for neutrino astrophysics and nucleon decay searches. The DUNE far detector will be a very large modular liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) located deep underground, coupled to the LBNF multi-megawatt wide-band neutrino beam. DUNE will also have a high-resolution and high-precision near detector. Read More

We study the implications of galaxy formation on dark matter direct detection using high resolution hydrodynamic simulations of Milky Way-like galaxies simulated within the EAGLE and APOSTLE projects. We identify Milky Way analogues that satisfy observational constraints on the Milky Way rotation curve and total stellar mass. We then extract the dark matter density and velocity distribution in the Solar neighbourhood for this set of Milky Way analogues, and use them to analyse the results of current direct detection experiments. Read More

We perform a detailed analysis of the properties of the finite-range tensor term associated with the Gogny and M3Y effective interactions. In particular, by using a partial wave decomposition of the equation of state of symmetric nuclear matter, we show how we can extract their tensor parameters directly from microscopic results based on bare nucleon-nucleon interactions. Furthermore, we show that the zero-range limit of both finite-range interactions has the form of the N3LO Skyrme pseudo-potential, which thus constitutes a reliable approximation in the density range relevant for finite nuclei. Read More

2016Jan
Authors: R. Acciarri, M. A. Acero, M. Adamowski, C. Adams, P. Adamson, S. Adhikari, Z. Ahmad, C. H. Albright, T. Alion, E. Amador, J. Anderson, K. Anderson, C. Andreopoulos, M. Andrews, R. Andrews, I. Anghel, J. d. Anjos, A. Ankowski, M. Antonello, A. ArandaFernandez, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, D. Aristizabal, E. Arrieta-Diaz, K. Aryal, J. Asaadi, D. Asner, M. S. Athar, M. Auger, A. Aurisano, V. Aushev, D. Autiero, M. Avila, J. J. Back, X. Bai, B. Baibussinov, M. Baird, A. B. Balantekin, B. Baller, P. Ballett, B. Bambah, M. Bansal, S. Bansal, G. J. Barker, W. A. Barletta, G. Barr, N. Barros, L. Bartoszek, A. Bashyal, M. Bass, F. Bay, J. Beacom, B. R. Behera, G. Bellettini, V. Bellini, O. Beltramello, P. A. Benetti, A. Bercellie, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, H. Berns, R. Bernstein, S. Bertolucci, B. Bhandari, V. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, K. Biery, M. Bishai, T. Blackburn, A. Blake, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, E. Blaufuss, B. Bleakley, E. Blucher, V. Bocean, F. Boffelli, J. Boissevain, S. Bolognesi, T. Bolton, M. Bonesini, T. Boone, C. Booth, S. Bordoni, M. Borysova, B. Bourguille, S. B. Boyd, D. Brailsford, A. Brandt, J. Bremer, S. Brice, C. Bromberg, G. Brooijmans, G. Brown, R. Brown, G. Brunetti, X. Bu, N. Buchanan, H. Budd, B. Bugg, P. Calafiura, E. Calligarich, E. Calvo, L. Camilleri, M. Campanelli, C. Cantini, B. Carls, R. Carr, M. Cascella, C. Castromonte, E. CatanoMur, F. Cavanna, S. Centro, A. CerveraVillanueva, V. B. Chandratre, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Chattopadhyay, L. Chaussard, S. Chembra, H. Chen, K. Chen, M. Chen, D. Cherdack, C. Chi, S. Childress, S. Choubey, B. C. Choudhary, G. Christodoulou, C. Christofferson, E. Church, D. Cianci, D. Cline, T. Coan, A. Cocco, J. Coelho, P. Cole, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, R. Corey, L. Corwin, J. Cranshaw, P. Crivelli, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Curioni, J. Cushing, D. L. Adams, D. Dale, S. R. Das, T. Davenne, G. S. Davies, J. Davies, J. Dawson, K. De, A. deGouvea, J. K. deJong, P. deJong, P. DeLurgio, M. Decowski, A. Delbart, C. Densham, R. Dharmapalan, N. Dhingra, S. DiLuise, M. Diamantopoulou, J. S. Diaz, G. DiazBautista, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, J. Dolph, G. Drake, D. Duchesneau, M. Duvernois, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dye, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, R. Edgecock, D. Edmunds, S. Elliott, M. Elnimr, S. Emery, E. Endress, S. Eno, A. Ereditato, C. O. Escobar, J. Evans, A. Falcone, L. Falk, A. Farbin, C. Farnese, Y. Farzan, A. Fava, L. Favilli, J. Felde, J. Felix, S. Fernandes, L. Fields, A. Finch, M. Fitton, B. Fleming, T. Forest, J. Fowler, W. Fox, J. Fried, A. Friedland, S. Fuess, B. Fujikawa, A. Gago, H. Gallagher, S. Galymov, T. Gamble, R. Gandhi, D. Garcia-Gamez, S. Gardiner, G. Garvey, V. M. Gehman, A. Gendotti, G. d. Geronimo, C. Ghag, P. Ghoshal, D. Gibin, I. Gil-Botella, R. Gill, D. Girardelli, A. Giri, S. Glavin, D. Goeldi, S. Golapinni, M. Gold, R. A. Gomes, J. J. GomezCadenas, M. C. Goodman, D. Gorbunov, S. Goswami, N. Graf, N. Graf, M. Graham, E. Gramelini, R. Gran, C. Grant, N. Grant, V. Greco, H. Greenlee, L. Greenler, C. Greenley, M. Groh, S. Grullon, T. Grundy, K. Grzelak, E. Guardincerri, V. Guarino, E. Guarnaccia, G. P. Guedes, R. Guenette, A. Guglielmi, A. T. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, H. Hadavand, R. Haenni, A. Hahn, M. D. Haigh, T. Haines, T. Hamernik, T. Handler, S. Hans, D. Harris, J. Hartnell, T. Hasegawa, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, S. Hays, E. Hazen, M. Headley, A. Heavey, K. Heeger, J. Heise, K. Hennessy, J. Hewes, A. Higuera, T. Hill, A. Himmel, M. Hogan, P. Holanda, A. Holin, W. Honey, S. Horikawa, G. Horton-Smith, B. Howard, J. Howell, P. Hurh, J. Huston, J. Hylen, R. Imlay, J. Insler, G. Introzzi, D. Ioanisyan, A. Ioannisian, K. Iwamoto, A. Izmaylov, C. Jackson, D. E. Jaffe, C. James, E. James, F. Jediny, C. Jen, A. Jhingan, S. Jiménez, J. H. Jo, M. Johnson, R. Johnson, J. Johnstone, B. J. Jones, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, C. K. Jung, T. Junk, A. Kaboth, R. Kadel, T. Kafka, L. Kalousis, Y. Kamyshkov, G. Karagiorgi, D. Karasavvas, Y. Karyotakis, A. Kaur, P. Kaur, B. Kayser, N. Kazaryan, E. Kearns, P. Keener, S. Kemboi, E. Kemp, S. H. Kettell, M. Khabibullin, M. Khandaker, A. Khotjantsev, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, J. Klein, T. Kobilarcik, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, A. Kopylov, M. Kordosky, L. Kormos, U. Kose, A. Kostelecky, M. Kramer, I. Kreslo, R. Kriske, W. Kropp, Y. Kudenko, V. A. Kudryavtsev, S. Kulagin, A. Kumar, G. Kumar, J. Kumar, L. Kumar, T. Kutter, A. Laminack, K. Lande, C. Lane, K. Lang, F. Lanni, J. Learned, P. Lebrun, D. Lee, H. Lee, K. Lee, W. M. Lee, M. A. LeiguideOliveira, Q. Li, S. Li, S. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Z. Li, J. Libo, C. S. Lin, S. Lin, J. Ling, J. Link, Z. Liptak, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, Q. Liu, T. Liu, S. Lockwitz, N. Lockyer, T. Loew, M. Lokajicek, K. Long, M. D. L. Lopes, J. P. Lopez, J. Losecco, W. Louis, J. Lowery, M. Luethi, K. Luk, B. Lundberg, T. Lundin, X. Luo, T. Lux, J. Lykken, A. A. Machado, J. R. Macier, S. Magill, G. Mahler, K. Mahn, M. Malek, S. Malhotra, D. Malon, F. Mammoliti, S. Mancina, S. K. Mandal, S. Mandodi, S. L. Manly, A. Mann, A. Marchionni, W. Marciano, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, A. Marino, M. Marshak, C. Marshall, J. Marshall, J. Marteau, J. Martin-Albo, D. Martinez, S. Matsuno, J. Matthews, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, D. Mayilyan, E. Mazzucato, N. McCauley, E. McCluskey, N. McConkey, K. McDonald, K. S. McFarland, A. M. McGowan, C. McGrew, R. McKeown, D. McNulty, R. McTaggart, A. Mefodiev, M. Mehrian, P. Mehta, D. Mei, O. Mena, S. Menary, H. Mendez, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, Y. Meng, H. Merritt, D. Mertins, M. Messier, W. Metcalf, M. Mewes, H. Meyer, T. Miao, R. Milincic, W. Miller, G. Mills, O. Mineev, O. Miranda, C. S. Mishra, S. R. Mishra, B. Mitrica, D. Mladenov, I. Mocioiu, R. Mohanta, N. Mokhov, C. Montanari, D. Montanari, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. Moore, J. Morfin, B. Morgan, C. Morris, W. Morse, Z. Moss, C. Mossey, C. A. Moura, J. Mousseau, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, S. Murphy, J. Musser, R. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Navarro, D. Navas, J. Nelson, M. Nessi, M. Newcomer, Y. Ng, R. Nichol, T. C. Nicholls, K. Nikolics, E. Niner, B. Norris, F. Noto, P. Novakova, P. Novella, J. Nowak, M. S. Nunes, H. O'Keeffe, R. Oldeman, R. Oliveira, T. Olson, Y. Onishchuk, J. Osta, T. Ovsjannikova, B. Page, S. Pakvasa, S. Pal, O. Palamara, A. Palazzo, J. Paley, C. Palomares, E. Pantic, V. Paolone, V. Papadimitriou, J. Park, S. Parke, Z. Parsa, S. Pascoli, R. Patterson, S. Patton, T. Patzak, B. Paulos, L. Paulucci, Z. Pavlovic, G. Pawloski, S. Peeters, E. Pennacchio, A. Perch, G. N. Perdue, L. Periale, J. D. Perkin, H. Pessard, G. Petrillo, R. Petti, A. Petukhov, F. Pietropaolo, R. Plunkett, S. Pordes, M. Potekhin, R. Potenza, B. Potukuchi, N. Poudyal, O. Prokofiev, N. Pruthi, P. Przewlocki, D. Pushka, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Raboanary, V. Radeka, A. Radovic, G. Raffelt, I. Rakhno, H. T. Rakotondramanana, L. Rakotondravohitra, Y. A. Ramachers, R. Rameika, J. Ramsey, A. Rappoldi, G. Raselli, P. Ratoff, B. Rebel, C. Regenfus, J. Reichenbacher, D. Reitzner, A. Remoto, A. Renshaw, S. Rescia, M. Richardson, K. Rielage, K. Riesselmann, M. Robinson, L. Rochester, O. B. Rodrigues, P. Rodrigues, B. Roe, M. Rosen, R. M. Roser, M. Ross-Lonergan, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, R. Rucinski, C. RudolphvonRohr, B. Russell, D. Ruterbories, R. Saakyan, N. Sahu, P. Sala, N. Samios, F. Sanchez, M. Sanchez, B. Sands, S. Santana, R. Santorelli, G. Santucci, N. Saoulidou, A. Scaramelli, H. Schellman, P. Schlabach, R. Schmitt, D. Schmitz, J. Schneps, K. Scholberg, A. Schukraft, J. Schwehr, E. Segreto, S. Seibert, J. A. Sepulveda-Quiroz, F. Sergiampietri, L. Sexton-Kennedy, D. Sgalaberna, M. Shaevitz, J. Shahi, S. Shahsavarani, P. Shanahan, S. U. Shankar, R. Sharma, R. K. Sharma, T. Shaw, R. Shrock, I. Shyrma, N. Simos, G. Sinev, I. Singh, J. Singh, J. Singh, V. Singh, G. Sinnis, W. Sippach, D. Smargianaki, M. Smy, E. Snider, P. Snopok, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, N. Solomey, W. Sondheim, M. Sorel, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, J. Spitz, N. J. Spooner, M. Stancari, I. Stancu, D. Stefan, H. M. Steiner, J. Stewart, J. Stock, S. Stoica, J. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strait, T. Strauss, S. Striganov, R. Sulej, G. Sullivan, Y. Sun, L. Suter, C. M. Sutera, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. Talaga, M. Tamsett, S. Tariq, E. Tatar, R. Tayloe, C. Taylor, D. Taylor, K. Terao, M. Thiesse, J. Thomas, L. F. Thompson, M. Thomson, C. Thorn, M. Thorpe, X. Tian, D. Tiedt, S. C. Timm, A. Tonazzo, T. Tope, A. Topkar, F. R. Torres, M. Torti, M. Tortola, F. Tortorici, M. Toups, C. Touramanis, M. Tripathi, I. Tropin, Y. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. Tsenov, S. Tufanli, C. Tull, J. Turner, M. Tzanov, E. Tziaferi, Y. Uchida, J. Urheim, T. Usher, M. Vagins, P. Vahle, G. A. Valdiviesso, L. Valerio, Z. Vallari, J. Valle, R. VanBerg, R. VandeWater, P. VanGemmeren, F. Varanini, G. Varner, G. Vasseur, K. Vaziri, G. Velev, S. Ventura, A. Verdugo, T. Viant, T. V. Vieira, C. Vignoli, C. Vilela, B. Viren, T. Vrba, T. Wachala, D. Wahl, M. Wallbank, N. Walsh, B. Wang, H. Wang, L. Wang, T. Wang, T. K. Warburton, D. Warner, M. Wascko, D. Waters, T. B. Watson, A. Weber, M. Weber, W. Wei, A. Weinstein, D. Wells, D. Wenman, M. Wetstein, A. White, L. Whitehead, D. Whittington, M. Wilking, J. Willhite, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, L. Winslow, P. Wittich, S. Wojcicki, H. H. Wong, K. Wood, E. Worcester, M. Worcester, S. Wu, T. Xin, C. Yanagisawa, S. Yang, T. Yang, K. Yarritu, J. Ye, M. Yeh, N. Yershov, K. Yonehara, B. Yu, J. Yu, J. Zalesak, A. Zalewska, B. Zamorano, L. Zang, A. Zani, A. Zani, G. Zavala, G. Zeller, C. Zhang, C. Zhang, E. D. Zimmerman, M. Zito, R. Zwaska

A description of the proposed detector(s) for DUNE at LBNF Read More

We use a suite of cosmological simulations to study the mass-concentration-redshift relation, $c({\rm M},z)$, of dark matter halos. Our simulations include standard $\Lambda$-cold dark matter (CDM) models, and additional runs with truncated power spectra, consistent with a thermal warm dark matter (WDM) scenario. We find that the mass profiles of CDM and WDM halos are self-similar and well approximated by the Einasto profile. Read More

We report the identification of extended tidal debris potentially associated with the globular cluster NGC 3201, using the RAVE catalogue. We find the debris stars are located at a distance range of 1-7 kpc based on the forthcoming RAVE distance estimates. The derived space velocities and integrals of motion show interesting connections to NGC 3201, modulo uncertainties in the proper motions. Read More

We use cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the APOSTLE project to examine the fraction of baryons in $\Lambda$CDM haloes that collect into galaxies. This `galaxy formation efficiency' correlates strongly and with little scatter with halo mass, dropping steadily towards dwarf galaxies. The baryonic mass of a galaxy may thus be used to place a lower limit on total halo mass and, consequently, on its asymptotic maximum circular velocity. Read More

2015Dec
Authors: DUNE Collaboration, R. Acciarri, M. A. Acero, M. Adamowski, C. Adams, P. Adamson, S. Adhikari, Z. Ahmad, C. H. Albright, T. Alion, E. Amador, J. Anderson, K. Anderson, C. Andreopoulos, M. Andrews, R. Andrews, I. Anghel, J. d. Anjos, A. Ankowski, M. Antonello, A. ArandaFernandez, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, D. Aristizabal, E. Arrieta-Diaz, K. Aryal, J. Asaadi, D. Asner, M. S. Athar, M. Auger, A. Aurisano, V. Aushev, D. Autiero, M. Avila, J. J. Back, X. Bai, B. Baibussinov, M. Baird, A. B. Balantekin, B. Baller, P. Ballett, B. Bambah, M. Bansal, S. Bansal, G. J. Barker, W. A. Barletta, G. Barr, N. Barros, L. Bartoszek, A. Bashyal, M. Bass, F. Bay, J. Beacom, B. R. Behera, G. Bellettini, V. Bellini, O. Beltramello, P. A. Benetti, A. Bercellie, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, H. Berns, R. Bernstein, S. Bertolucci, B. Bhandari, V. Bhatnagar, B. Bhuyan, J. Bian, K. Biery, M. Bishai, T. Blackburn, A. Blake, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, E. Blaufuss, B. Bleakley, E. Blucher, V. Bocean, F. Boffelli, J. Boissevain, S. Bolognesi, T. Bolton, M. Bonesini, T. Boone, C. Booth, S. Bordoni, M. Borysova, B. Bourguille, S. B. Boyd, D. Brailsford, A. Brandt, J. Bremer, S. Brice, C. Bromberg, G. Brooijmans, G. Brown, R. Brown, G. Brunetti, X. Bu, N. Buchanan, H. Budd, B. Bugg, P. Calafiura, E. Calligarich, E. Calvo, L. Camilleri, M. Campanelli, C. Cantini, B. Carls, R. Carr, M. Cascella, C. Castromonte, E. CatanoMur, F. Cavanna, S. Centro, A. CerveraVillanueva, V. B. Chandratre, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Chattopadhyay, L. Chaussard, S. Chembra, H. Chen, K. Chen, M. Chen, D. Cherdack, C. Chi, S. Childress, S. Choubey, B. C. Choudhary, G. Christodoulou, C. Christofferson, E. Church, D. Cianci, D. Cline, T. Coan, A. Cocco, J. Coelho, P. Cole, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, R. Corey, L. Corwin, J. Cranshaw, P. Crivelli, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Curioni, J. Cushing, D. L. Adams, D. Dale, S. R. Das, T. Davenne, G. S. Davies, J. Davies, J. Dawson, K. De, A. deGouvea, J. K. deJong, P. deJong, P. DeLurgio, M. Decowski, A. Delbart, C. Densham, R. Dharmapalan, N. Dhingra, S. DiLuise, M. Diamantopoulou, J. S. Diaz, G. DiazBautista, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, J. Dolph, G. Drake, D. Duchesneau, M. Duvernois, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dye, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, R. Edgecock, D. Edmunds, S. Elliott, M. Elnimr, S. Emery, E. Endress, S. Eno, A. Ereditato, C. O. Escobar, J. Evans, A. Falcone, L. Falk, A. Farbin, C. Farnese, Y. Farzan, A. Fava, L. Favilli, J. Felde, J. Felix, S. Fernandes, L. Fields, A. Finch, M. Fitton, B. Fleming, T. Forest, J. Fowler, W. Fox, J. Fried, A. Friedland, S. Fuess, B. Fujikawa, A. Gago, H. Gallagher, S. Galymov, T. Gamble, R. Gandhi, D. Garcia-Gamez, S. Gardiner, G. Garvey, V. M. Gehman, A. Gendotti, G. d. Geronimo, C. Ghag, P. Ghoshal, D. Gibin, I. Gil-Botella, R. Gill, D. Girardelli, A. Giri, S. Glavin, D. Goeldi, S. Golapinni, M. Gold, R. A. Gomes, J. J. GomezCadenas, M. C. Goodman, D. Gorbunov, S. Goswami, N. Graf, N. Graf, M. Graham, E. Gramelini, R. Gran, C. Grant, N. Grant, V. Greco, H. Greenlee, L. Greenler, C. Greenley, M. Groh, S. Grullon, T. Grundy, K. Grzelak, E. Guardincerri, V. Guarino, E. Guarnaccia, G. P. Guedes, R. Guenette, A. Guglielmi, A. T. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, H. Hadavand, R. Haenni, A. Hahn, M. D. Haigh, T. Haines, T. Hamernik, T. Handler, S. Hans, D. Harris, J. Hartnell, T. Hasegawa, R. Hatcher, A. Hatzikoutelis, S. Hays, E. Hazen, M. Headley, A. Heavey, K. Heeger, J. Heise, K. Hennessy, J. Hewes, A. Higuera, T. Hill, A. Himmel, M. Hogan, P. Holanda, A. Holin, W. Honey, S. Horikawa, G. Horton-Smith, B. Howard, J. Howell, P. Hurh, J. Huston, J. Hylen, R. Imlay, J. Insler, G. Introzzi, D. Ioanisyan, A. Ioannisian, K. Iwamoto, A. Izmaylov, C. Jackson, D. E. Jaffe, C. James, E. James, F. Jediny, C. Jen, A. Jhingan, S. Jiménez, J. H. Jo, M. Johnson, R. Johnson, J. Johnstone, B. J. Jones, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, C. K. Jung, T. Junk, A. Kaboth, R. Kadel, T. Kafka, L. Kalousis, Y. Kamyshkov, G. Karagiorgi, D. Karasavvas, Y. Karyotakis, A. Kaur, P. Kaur, B. Kayser, N. Kazaryan, E. Kearns, P. Keener, S. Kemboi, E. Kemp, S. H. Kettell, M. Khabibullin, M. Khandaker, A. Khotjantsev, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, J. Klein, T. Kobilarcik, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, A. Kopylov, M. Kordosky, L. Kormos, U. Kose, V. A. Kostelecky, M. Kramer, I. Kreslo, R. Kriske, W. Kropp, Y. Kudenko, V. A. Kudryavtsev, S. Kulagin, A. Kumar, G. Kumar, J. Kumar, L. Kumar, T. Kutter, A. Laminack, K. Lande, C. Lane, K. Lang, F. Lanni, J. Learned, P. Lebrun, D. Lee, H. Lee, K. Lee, W. M. Lee, M. A. LeiguideOliveira, Q. Li, S. Li, S. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, Z. Li, J. Libo, C. S. Lin, S. Lin, J. Ling, J. Link, Z. Liptak, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, Q. Liu, T. Liu, S. Lockwitz, N. Lockyer, T. Loew, M. Lokajicek, K. Long, M. D. L. Lopes, J. P. Lopez, J. Losecco, W. Louis, J. Lowery, M. Luethi, K. Luk, B. Lundberg, T. Lundin, X. Luo, T. Lux, J. Lykken, A. A. Machado, J. R. Macier, S. Magill, G. Mahler, K. Mahn, M. Malek, S. Malhotra, D. Malon, F. Mammoliti, S. Mancina, S. K. Mandal, S. Mandodi, S. L. Manly, A. Mann, A. Marchionni, W. Marciano, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, A. Marino, M. Marshak, C. Marshall, J. Marshall, J. Marteau, J. Martin-Albo, D. Martinez, S. Matsuno, J. Matthews, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, D. Mayilyan, E. Mazzucato, N. McCauley, E. McCluskey, N. McConkey, K. McDonald, K. S. McFarland, A. M. McGowan, C. McGrew, R. McKeown, D. McNulty, R. McTaggart, A. Mefodiev, M. Mehrian, P. Mehta, D. Mei, O. Mena, S. Menary, H. Mendez, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, Y. Meng, H. Merritt, D. Mertins, M. Messier, W. Metcalf, M. Mewes, H. Meyer, T. Miao, R. Milincic, W. Miller, G. Mills, O. Mineev, O. Miranda, C. S. Mishra, S. R. Mishra, B. Mitrica, D. Mladenov, I. Mocioiu, R. Mohanta, N. Mokhov, C. Montanari, D. Montanari, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. Moore, J. Morfin, B. Morgan, C. Morris, W. Morse, Z. Moss, C. Mossey, C. A. Moura, J. Mousseau, L. Mualem, M. Muether, S. Mufson, S. Murphy, J. Musser, R. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Navarro, D. Navas, J. Nelson, M. Nessi, M. Newcomer, Y. Ng, R. Nichol, T. C. Nicholls, K. Nikolics, E. Niner, B. Norris, F. Noto, P. Novakova, P. Novella, J. Nowak, M. S. Nunes, H. O'Keeffe, R. Oldeman, R. Oliveira, T. Olson, Y. Onishchuk, J. Osta, T. Ovsjannikova, B. Page, S. Pakvasa, S. Pal, O. Palamara, A. Palazzo, J. Paley, C. Palomares, E. Pantic, V. Paolone, V. Papadimitriou, J. Park, S. Parke, Z. Parsa, S. Pascoli, R. Patterson, S. Patton, T. Patzak, B. Paulos, L. Paulucci, Z. Pavlovic, G. Pawloski, S. Peeters, E. Pennacchio, A. Perch, G. N. Perdue, L. Periale, J. D. Perkin, H. Pessard, G. Petrillo, R. Petti, A. Petukhov, F. Pietropaolo, R. Plunkett, S. Pordes, M. Potekhin, R. Potenza, B. Potukuchi, N. Poudyal, O. Prokofiev, N. Pruthi, P. Przewlocki, D. Pushka, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Raboanary, V. Radeka, A. Radovic, G. Raffelt, I. Rakhno, H. T. Rakotondramanana, L. Rakotondravohitra, Y. A. Ramachers, R. Rameika, J. Ramsey, A. Rappoldi, G. Raselli, P. Ratoff, B. Rebel, C. Regenfus, J. Reichenbacher, D. Reitzner, A. Remoto, A. Renshaw, S. Rescia, M. Richardson, K. Rielage, K. Riesselmann, M. Robinson, L. Rochester, O. B. Rodrigues, P. Rodrigues, B. Roe, M. Rosen, R. M. Roser, M. Ross-Lonergan, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, R. Rucinski, C. RudolphvonRohr, B. Russell, D. Ruterbories, R. Saakyan, N. Sahu, P. Sala, N. Samios, F. Sanchez, M. Sanchez, B. Sands, S. Santana, R. Santorelli, G. Santucci, N. Saoulidou, A. Scaramelli, H. Schellman, P. Schlabach, R. Schmitt, D. Schmitz, J. Schneps, K. Scholberg, A. Schukraft, J. Schwehr, E. Segreto, S. Seibert, J. A. Sepulveda-Quiroz, F. Sergiampietri, L. Sexton-Kennedy, D. Sgalaberna, M. Shaevitz, J. Shahi, S. Shahsavarani, P. Shanahan, S. U. Shankar, R. Sharma, R. K. Sharma, T. Shaw, R. Shrock, I. Shyrma, N. Simos, G. Sinev, I. Singh, J. Singh, J. Singh, V. Singh, G. Sinnis, W. Sippach, D. Smargianaki, M. Smy, E. Snider, P. Snopok, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, N. Solomey, W. Sondheim, M. Sorel, A. Sousa, K. Soustruznik, J. Spitz, J. Spitz, N. J. Spooner, M. Stancari, I. Stancu, D. Stefan, H. M. Steiner, J. Stewart, J. Stock, S. Stoica, J. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strait, T. Strauss, S. Striganov, R. Sulej, G. Sullivan, Y. Sun, L. Suter, C. M. Sutera, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. Talaga, M. Tamsett, S. Tariq, E. Tatar, R. Tayloe, C. Taylor, D. Taylor, K. Terao, M. Thiesse, J. Thomas, L. F. Thompson, M. Thomson, C. Thorn, M. Thorpe, X. Tian, D. Tiedt, S. C. Timm, A. Tonazzo, T. Tope, A. Topkar, F. R. Torres, M. Torti, M. Tortola, F. Tortorici, M. Toups, C. Touramanis, M. Tripathi, I. Tropin, Y. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. Tsenov, S. Tufanli, C. Tull, J. Turner, M. Tzanov, E. Tziaferi, Y. Uchida, J. Urheim, T. Usher, M. Vagins, P. Vahle, G. A. Valdiviesso, L. Valerio, Z. Vallari, J. Valle, R. VanBerg, R. VandeWater, P. VanGemmeren, F. Varanini, G. Varner, G. Vasseur, K. Vaziri, G. Velev, S. Ventura, A. Verdugo, T. Viant, T. V. Vieira, C. Vignoli, C. Vilela, B. Viren, T. Vrba, T. Wachala, D. Wahl, M. Wallbank, N. Walsh, B. Wang, H. Wang, L. Wang, T. Wang, T. K. Warburton, D. Warner, M. Wascko, D. Waters, T. B. Watson, A. Weber, M. Weber, W. Wei, A. Weinstein, D. Wells, D. Wenman, M. Wetstein, A. White, L. Whitehead, D. Whittington, M. Wilking, J. Willhite, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, L. Winslow, P. Wittich, S. Wojcicki, H. H. Wong, K. Wood, E. Worcester, M. Worcester, S. Wu, T. Xin, C. Yanagisawa, S. Yang, T. Yang, K. Yarritu, J. Ye, M. Yeh, N. Yershov, K. Yonehara, B. Yu, J. Yu, J. Zalesak, A. Zalewska, B. Zamorano, L. Zang, A. Zani, G. Zavala, G. Zeller, C. Zhang, C. Zhang, E. D. Zimmerman, M. Zito, R. Zwaska

The Physics Program for the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) at the Fermilab Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) is described. Read More

We use a cosmological simulation of the formation of the Local Group to explore the origin of age and metallicity gradients in dwarf spheroidal galaxies. We find that a number of simulated dwarfs form "outside-in", with an old, metal-poor population that surrounds a younger, more concentrated metal-rich component, reminiscent of dwarf spheroidals like Sculptor or Sextans. We focus on a few examples where stars form in two populations distinct in age in order to elucidate the origin of these gradients. Read More

2015Nov
Affiliations: 1Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 2Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 4Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 5Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 6Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 7Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 8Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 9Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 10Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 11Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, 12Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 13Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, 14Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 15Institute for Computational Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Durham, 16Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics

The Local Group of galaxies offer some of the most discriminating tests of models of cosmic structure formation. For example, observations of the Milky Way (MW) and Andromeda satellite populations appear to be in disagreement with N-body simulations of the "Lambda Cold Dark Matter" ({\Lambda}CDM) model: there are far fewer satellite galaxies than substructures in cold dark matter halos (the "missing satellites" problem); dwarf galaxies seem to avoid the most massive substructures (the "too-big-to-fail" problem); and the brightest satellites appear to orbit their host galaxies on a thin plane (the "planes of satellites" problem). Here we present results from APOSTLE (A Project Of Simulating The Local Environment), a suite of cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of twelve volumes selected to match the kinematics of the Local Group (LG) members. Read More

On an oriented Riemannian manifold, the Gauss-Bonnet-Chern formula asserts that the Pfaffian of the metric represents, in de Rham cohomology, the Euler class of the tangent bundle. Hence, if the underlying manifold is compact, the integral of the Pfaffian is a topological invariant; namely, the Euler characteristic of the manifold. In this paper we refine a result originally due to Gilkey that characterizes this formula as the only (non-trivial) integral of a differential invariant that is independent of the underlying metric. Read More

We present a new equation of state for infinite systems (symmetric, asymmetric and neutron matter) based on an extended Skyrme functional constrained by microscopic Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone results. The resulting equation of state reproduces with very good accuracy the main features of microscopic calculations and it is compatible with recent measurements of two times Solar-mass neutron stars. We provide all necessary analytical expressions to facilitate a quick numerical implementation of quantities of astrophysical interest. Read More

2015Sep
Affiliations: 1ICC, Durham University, 2ICC, Durham University, 3ICC, Durham University, 4GRAPPA/Amsterdam, 5GRAPPA/Amsterdam, 6GRAPPA/Amsterdam, 7Liverpool John Moores, 8University of Victoria, 9University of Victoria, 10ICC, Durham University, 11Leiden Observatory

We obtain predictions for the properties of cold dark matter annihilation radiation using high resolution hydrodynamic zoom-in cosmological simulations of Milky Way-like galaxies (APOSTLE project) carried out as part of the "Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments" (EAGLE) programme. Galactic halos in the simulation have significantly different properties from those assumed in the "standard halo model" often used in dark matter detection studies. The formation of the galaxy causes a contraction of the dark matter halo, whose density profile develops a steeper slope than the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) profile between $r\approx1. Read More

The physics goals of the next Large Hadron Collider run include high precision tests of the Standard Model and searches for new physics. These goals require detailed comparison of data with computational models simulating the expected data behavior. To highlight the role which modeling and simulation plays in future scientific discovery, we report on use cases and experience with a unified system built to process both real and simulated data of growing volume and variety. Read More