J. Detwiler - Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington

J. Detwiler
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Name
J. Detwiler
Affiliation
Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington
City
Seattle
Country
United States

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Nuclear Experiment (41)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (35)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (24)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)

Publications Authored By J. Detwiler

The Bayesian discovery probability of future experiments searching for neutrinoless double-$\beta$ decay is evaluated under the popular assumption that neutrinos are their own antiparticles. A Bayesian global fit is performed to construct a probability distribution for the effective Majorana mass, the observable of interest for these experiments. This probability distribution is then combined with the sensitivity of each experiment derived from a heuristic counting analysis. Read More

2017May
Authors: SNO Collaboration, B. Aharmim, S. N. Ahmed, A. E. Anthony, N. Barros, E. W. Beier, A. Bellerive, B. Beltran, M. Bergevin, S. D. Biller, K. Boudjemline, M. G. Boulay, B. Cai, Y. D. Chan, D. Chauhan, M. Chen, B. T. Cleveland, G. A. Cox, X. Dai, H. Deng, J. A. Detwiler, P. J. Doe, G. Doucas, P. -L. Drouin, F. A. Duncan, M. Dunford, E. D. Earle, S. R. Elliott, H. C. Evans, G. T. Ewan, J. Farine, H. Fergani, F. Fleurot, R. J. Ford, J. A. Formaggio, N. Gagnon, J. TM. Goon, K. Graham, E. Guillian, S. Habib, R. L. Hahn, A. L. Hallin, E. D. Hallman, P. J. Harvey, R. Hazama, W. J. Heintzelman, J. Heise, R. L. Helmer, A. Hime, C. Howard, M. Huang, P. Jagam, B. Jamieson, N. A. Jelley, M. Jerkins, K. J. Keeter, J. R. Klein, L. L. Kormos, M. Kos, A. Kruger, C. Kraus, C. B. Krauss, T. Kutter, C. C. M. Kyba, R. Lange, J. Law, I. T. Lawson, K. T. Lesko, J. R. Leslie, I. Levine, J. C. Loach, R. MacLellan, S. Majerus, H. B. Mak, J. Maneira, R. D. Martin, N. McCauley, A. B. McDonald, S. R. McGee, M. L. Miller, B. Monreal, J. Monroe, B. G. Nickel, A. J. Noble, H. M. O'Keeffe, N. S. Oblath, C. E. Okada, R. W. Ollerhead, G. D. OrebiGann, S. M. Oser, R. A. Ott, S. J. M. Peeters, A. W. P. Poon, G. Prior, S. D. Reitzner, K. Rielage, B. C. Robertson, R. G. H. Robertson, M. H. Schwendener, J. A. Secrest, S. R. Seibert, O. Simard, J. J. Simpson, D. Sinclair, P. Skensved, T. J. Sonley, L. C. Stonehill, G. Tesic, N. Tolich, T. Tsui, R. Van Berg, B. A. VanDevender, C. J. Virtue, B. L. Wall, D. Waller, H. Wan Chan Tseung, D. L. Wark, J. Wendland, N. West, J. F. Wilkerson, J. R. Wilson, A. Wright, M. Yeh, F. Zhang, K. Zuber

Tests on $B-L$ symmetry breaking models are important probes to search for new physics. One proposed model with $\Delta(B-L)=2$ involves the oscillations of a neutron to an antineutron. In this paper a new limit on this process is derived for the data acquired from all three operational phases of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment. Read More

We present new limits on exotic keV-scale physics based on 478 kg d of MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR commissioning data. Constraints at the 90% confidence level are derived on bosonic dark matter (DM) and solar axion couplings, Pauli exclusion principle violating (PEPV) decay, and electron decay using monoenergetic peak signal-limits above our background. Our most stringent DM constraints are set for 11. Read More

A search for Pauli-exclusion-principle-violating K-alpha electron transitions was performed using 89.5 kg-d of data collected with a p-type point contact high-purity germanium detector operated at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility. A lower limit on the transition lifetime of 5. Read More

The Majorana Demonstrator searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay of $^{76}$Ge using arrays of high-purity germanium detectors. If observed, this process would demonstrate that lepton number is not a conserved quantity in nature, with implications for grand-unification and for explaining the predominance of matter over antimatter in the universe. A problematic background in such large granular detector arrays is posed by alpha particles. Read More

Neutrinoless double-beta decay searches seek to determine the nature of neutrinos, the existence of a lepton violating process, and the effective Majorana neutrino mass. The {\sc Majorana} Collaboration is assembling an array of high purity Ge detectors to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in $^{76}$Ge. The {\sc Majorana Demonstrator} is composed of 44. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing a system containing 44 kg of high-purity Ge (HPGe) detectors to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of a future tonne-scale experiment capable of probing the neutrino mass scale to ~15 meV. To realize this, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the Q-value at 2039 keV. This goal is pursued through a combination of a significant reduction of radioactive impurities in construction materials and analytical methods for background rejection, for example using powerful pulse shape analysis techniques profiting from the p-type point contact HPGe detectors technology. Read More

We present a search for low energy antineutrino events coincident with the gravitational wave events GW150914 and GW151226, and the candidate event LVT151012 using KamLAND, a kiloton-scale antineutrino detector. We find no inverse beta-decay neutrino events within $\pm 500$ seconds of either gravitational wave signal. This non-detection is used to constrain the electron antineutrino fluence and the luminosity of the astrophysical sources. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA Demonstrator, an ultra-low background, 44-kg modular high-purity Ge (HPGe) detector array to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge-76. The phenomenon of surface micro-discharge induced by high-voltage has been studied in the context of the MAJORANA Demonstrator. This effect can damage the front-end electronics or mimic detector signals. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1The Majorana Collaboration, 2The Majorana Collaboration, 3The Majorana Collaboration, 4The Majorana Collaboration, 5The Majorana Collaboration, 6The Majorana Collaboration, 7The Majorana Collaboration, 8The Majorana Collaboration, 9The Majorana Collaboration, 10The Majorana Collaboration, 11The Majorana Collaboration, 12The Majorana Collaboration, 13The Majorana Collaboration, 14The Majorana Collaboration, 15The Majorana Collaboration, 16The Majorana Collaboration, 17The Majorana Collaboration, 18The Majorana Collaboration, 19The Majorana Collaboration, 20The Majorana Collaboration, 21The Majorana Collaboration, 22The Majorana Collaboration, 23The Majorana Collaboration, 24The Majorana Collaboration, 25The Majorana Collaboration, 26The Majorana Collaboration, 27The Majorana Collaboration, 28The Majorana Collaboration, 29The Majorana Collaboration, 30The Majorana Collaboration, 31The Majorana Collaboration, 32The Majorana Collaboration, 33The Majorana Collaboration, 34The Majorana Collaboration, 35The Majorana Collaboration, 36The Majorana Collaboration, 37The Majorana Collaboration, 38The Majorana Collaboration, 39The Majorana Collaboration, 40The Majorana Collaboration, 41The Majorana Collaboration, 42The Majorana Collaboration, 43The Majorana Collaboration, 44The Majorana Collaboration, 45The Majorana Collaboration, 46The Majorana Collaboration, 47The Majorana Collaboration, 48The Majorana Collaboration, 49The Majorana Collaboration, 50The Majorana Collaboration, 51The Majorana Collaboration, 52The Majorana Collaboration, 53The Majorana Collaboration, 54The Majorana Collaboration, 55The Majorana Collaboration, 56The Majorana Collaboration, 57The Majorana Collaboration, 58The Majorana Collaboration, 59The Majorana Collaboration, 60The Majorana Collaboration, 61The Majorana Collaboration, 62The Majorana Collaboration, 63The Majorana Collaboration, 64The Majorana Collaboration, 65The Majorana Collaboration, 66The Majorana Collaboration, 67The Majorana Collaboration, 68The Majorana Collaboration, 69The Majorana Collaboration, 70The Majorana Collaboration, 71The Majorana Collaboration, 72The Majorana Collaboration, 73The Majorana Collaboration, 74The Majorana Collaboration

We report the first measurement of the total MUON flux underground at the Davis Campus of the Sanford Underground Research Facility at the 4850 ft level. Measurements were done with the Majorana Demonstrator veto system arranged in two different configurations. The measured total flux is (5. Read More

The MAJORANA collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTATOR at the Sanford Underground Research Facility at the Homestake gold mine, in Lead, SD. The apparatus will use Ge detectors, enriched in isotope \nuc{76}{Ge}, to demonstrate the feasibility of a large-scale Ge detector experiment to search for neutrinoless double beta decay. The long half-life of this postulated process requires that the apparatus be extremely low in radioactive isotopes whose decays may produce backgrounds to the search. Read More

Neutrinoless double beta decay searches play a major role in determining neutrino properties, in particular the Majorana or Dirac nature of the neutrino and the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The consequences of these searches go beyond neutrino physics, with implications for Grand Unification and leptogenesis. The \textsc{Majorana} Collaboration is assembling a low-background array of high purity Germanium (HPGe) detectors to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in $^{76}$Ge. Read More

The COHERENT collaboration's primary objective is to measure coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) using the unique, high-quality source of tens-of-MeV neutrinos provided by the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). In spite of its large cross section, the CEvNS process has never been observed, due to tiny energies of the resulting nuclear recoils which are out of reach for standard neutrino detectors. The measurement of CEvNS has now become feasible, thanks to the development of ultra-sensitive technology for rare decay and weakly-interacting massive particle (dark matter) searches. Read More

A search for double-beta decays of 136Xe to excited states of 136Ba has been performed with the first phase data set of the KamLAND-Zen experiment. The 0+1, 2+1 and 2+2 transitions of 0{\nu}\{beta}\{beta} decay were evaluated in an exposure of 89.5kg-yr of 136Xe, while the same transitions of 2{\nu}\{beta}\{beta} decay were evaluated in an exposure of 61. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, modular, HPGe detector array with a mass of 44-kg (29 kg 76Ge and 15 kg natGe) to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in Ge-76. The next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double beta decay searches will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is envisioned to demonstrate a path forward to achieve a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value of 2039 keV. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration will seek neutrinoless double beta decay (0nbb) in 76Ge using isotopically enriched p-type point contact (PPC) high purity Germanium (HPGe) detectors. A tonne-scale array of HPGe detectors would require background levels below 1 count/ROI-tonne-year in the 4 keV region of interest (ROI) around the 2039 keV Q-value of the decay. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of such an experiment, the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, a 40 kg HPGe detector array, is being constructed with a background goal of <3 counts/ROI-tonne-year, which is expected to scale down to <1 count/ROI-tonne-year for a tonne-scale experiment. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular HPGe detector array to search for neutrinoless double beta decay in 76Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based 0nbb-decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The background rejection techniques to be applied to the data include cuts based on data reduction, pulse shape analysis, event coincidences, and time correlations. Read More

In the late stages of nuclear burning for massive stars ($M>8~M_{\sun}$), the production of neutrino-antineutrino pairs through various processes becomes the dominant stellar cooling mechanism. As the star evolves, the energy of these neutrinos increases and in the days preceding the supernova a significant fraction of emitted electron anti-neutrinos exceeds the energy threshold for inverse beta decay on free hydrogen. This is the golden channel for liquid scintillator detectors because the coincidence signature allows for significant reductions in background signals. Read More

We search for electron anti-neutrinos ($\overline{\nu}_e$) from long and short-duration gamma-ray bursts~(GRBs) using data taken by the KamLAND detector from August 2002 to June 2013. No statistically significant excess over the background level is found. We place the tightest upper limits on $\overline{\nu}_e$ fluence from GRBs below 7 MeV and place first constraints on the relation between $\overline{\nu}_e$ luminosity and effective temperature. Read More

2015Feb
Authors: Hyper-Kamiokande Proto-Collaboraion, :, K. Abe, H. Aihara, C. Andreopoulos, I. Anghel, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, R. Asfandiyarov, M. Askins, J. J. Back, P. Ballett, M. Barbi, G. J. Barker, G. Barr, F. Bay, P. Beltrame, V. Berardi, M. Bergevin, S. Berkman, T. Berry, S. Bhadra, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, A. Blondel, S. Bolognesi, S. B. Boyd, A. Bravar, C. Bronner, F. S. Cafagna, G. Carminati, S. L. Cartwright, M. G. Catanesi, K. Choi, J. H. Choi, G. Collazuol, G. Cowan, L. Cremonesi, G. Davies, G. De Rosa, C. Densham, J. Detwiler, D. Dewhurst, F. Di Lodovico, S. Di Luise, O. Drapier, S. Emery, A. Ereditato, P. Fernández, T. Feusels, A. Finch, M. Fitton, M. Friend, Y. Fujii, Y. Fukuda, D. Fukuda, V. Galymov, K. Ganezer, M. Gonin, P. Gumplinger, D. R. Hadley, L. Haegel, A. Haesler, Y. Haga, B. Hartfiel, M. Hartz, Y. Hayato, M. Hierholzer, J. Hill, A. Himmel, S. Hirota, S. Horiuchi, K. Huang, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Iijima, M. Ikeda, J. Imber, K. Inoue, J. Insler, R. A. Intonti, T. Irvine, T. Ishida, H. Ishino, M. Ishitsuka, Y. Itow, A. Izmaylov, B. Jamieson, H. I. Jang, M. Jiang, K. K. Joo, C. K. Jung, A. Kaboth, T. Kajita, J. Kameda, Y. Karadhzov, T. Katori, E. Kearns, M. Khabibullin, A. Khotjantsev, J. Y. Kim, S. B. Kim, Y. Kishimoto, T. Kobayashi, M. Koga, A. Konaka, L. L. Kormos, A. Korzenev, Y. Koshio, W. R. Kropp, Y. Kudenko, T. Kutter, M. Kuze, L. Labarga, J. Lagoda, M. Laveder, M. Lawe, J. G. Learned, I. T. Lim, T. Lindner, A. Longhin, L. Ludovici, W. Ma, L. Magaletti, K. Mahn, M. Malek, C. Mariani, L. Marti, J. F. Martin, C. Martin, P. P. J. Martins, E. Mazzucato, N. McCauley, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, M. Mezzetto, H. Minakata, A. Minamino, S. Mine, O. Mineev, M. Miura, J. Monroe, T. Mori, S. Moriyama, T. Mueller, F. Muheim, M. Nakahata, K. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, S. Nakayama, M. Needham, T. Nicholls, M. Nirkko, Y. Nishimura, E. Noah, J. Nowak, H. Nunokawa, H. M. O'Keeffe, Y. Okajima, K. Okumura, S. M. Oser, E. O'Sullivan, T. Ovsiannikova, R. A. Owen, Y. Oyama, J. Pérez, M. Y. Pac, V. Palladino, J. L. Palomino, V. Paolone, D. Payne, O. Perevozchikov, J. D. Perkin, C. Pistillo, S. Playfer, M. Posiadala-Zezula, J. -M. Poutissou, B. Quilain, M. Quinto, E. Radicioni, P. N. Ratoff, M. Ravonel, M. A. Rayner, A. Redij, F. Retiere, C. Riccio, E. Richard, E. Rondio, H. J. Rose, M. Ross-Lonergan, C. Rott, S. D. Rountree, A. Rubbia, R. Sacco, M. Sakuda, M. C. Sanchez, E. Scantamburlo, K. Scholberg, M. Scott, Y. Seiya, T. Sekiguchi, H. Sekiya, A. Shaikhiev, I. Shimizu, M. Shiozawa, S. Short, G. Sinnis, M. B. Smy, J. Sobczyk, H. W. Sobel, T. Stewart, J. L. Stone, Y. Suda, Y. Suzuki, A. T. Suzuki, R. Svoboda, R. Tacik, A. Takeda, A. Taketa, Y. Takeuchi, H. A. Tanaka, H. K. M. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, R. Terri, L. F. Thompson, M. Thorpe, S. Tobayama, N. Tolich, T. Tomura, C. Touramanis, T. Tsukamoto, M. Tzanov, Y. Uchida, M. R. Vagins, G. Vasseur, R. B. Vogelaar, C. W. Walter, D. Wark, M. O. Wascko, A. Weber, R. Wendell, R. J. Wilkes, M. J. Wilking, J. R. Wilson, T. Xin, K. Yamamoto, C. Yanagisawa, T. Yano, S. Yen, N. Yershov, M. Yokoyama, M. Zito

Hyper-Kamiokande will be a next generation underground water Cherenkov detector with a total (fiducial) mass of 0.99 (0.56) million metric tons, approximately 20 (25) times larger than that of Super-Kamiokande. Read More

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is a planned 40 kg array of Germanium detectors intended to demonstrate the feasibility of constructing a tonne-scale experiment that will seek neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\nu\beta\beta$) in $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}$. Such an experiment would require backgrounds of less than 1 count/tonne-year in the 4 keV region of interest around the 2039 keV Q-value of the $\beta\beta$ decay. Designing low-noise electronics, which must be placed in close proximity to the detectors, presents a challenge to reaching this background target. Read More

The goal of the \textsc{Majorana} \textsc{Demonstrator} project is to search for 0$\nu\beta\beta$ decay in $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}$. Of all candidate isotopes for 0$\nu\beta\beta$, $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}$ has some of the most favorable characteristics. Germanium detectors are a well established technology, and in searches for 0$\nu\beta\beta$, the high purity germanium crystal acts simultaneously as source and detector. Read More

2015Feb
Affiliations: 1Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 3University of South Carolina, 4Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 5Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 6Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 7Duke University, 8University of South Dakota, 9South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 10Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 11South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 12North Carolina State University, 13Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 14Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 15Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 16University of Tennessee, 17Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 18Osaka University, 19Los Alamos National Laboratory, 20Duke University, 21Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 22University of North Carolina, 23University of North Carolina, 24Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 25University of North Carolina, 26Los Alamos National Laboratory, 27Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 28Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 29University of South Carolina, 30Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 31University of Alberta, 32Osaka University, 33Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 34University of North Carolina, 35Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 36South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 37University of North Carolina, 38Black Hills State University, 39Tennessee Tech University, 40Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 41Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 42Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 43Osaka University, 44Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 45North Carolina State University, 46Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 47University of North Carolina, 48University of South Dakota, 49University of North Carolina, 50Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 51Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 52University of South Carolina, 53Osaka University, 54Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 55University of North Carolina, 56Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 57University of North Carolina, 58North Carolina State University, 59Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 60University of South Dakota, 61Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 62University of North Carolina, 63Los Alamos National Laboratory, 64Center for Experimental Nuclear Physics and Astrophysics and University of Washington, 65Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 66Los Alamos National Laboratory, 67University of North Carolina, 68Osaka University, 69Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 70University of North Carolina, 71University of South Dakota, 72Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 73South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, 74University of South Carolina, 75Black Hills State University, 76Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 77Duke University, 78University of North Carolina, 79Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 80University of Tennessee, 81Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 82University of North Carolina, 83Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 84University of North Carolina, 85University of South Carolina, 86Los Alamos National Laboratory, 87Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 88North Carolina State University, 89Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 90Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 91Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

The Majorana Demonstrator is an ultra-low background physics experiment searching for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{76}$Ge. The Majorana Parts Tracking Database is used to record the history of components used in the construction of the Demonstrator. The tracking implementation takes a novel approach based on the schema-free database technology CouchDB. Read More

The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the MAJORANA Demonstrator, an ultra-low background, 40-kg modular high purity Ge detector array to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay in Ge. In view of the next generation of tonne-scale Ge-based neutrinoless double-beta decay searches that will probe the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region, a major goal of the Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 count/tonne/year in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. The current status of the Demonstrator is discussed, as are plans for its completion. Read More

2014Dec
Authors: Hyper-Kamiokande Working Group, :, K. Abe, H. Aihara, C. Andreopoulos, I. Anghel, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, R. Asfandiyarov, M. Askins, J. J. Back, P. Ballett, M. Barbi, G. J. Barker, G. Barr, F. Bay, P. Beltrame, V. Berardi, M. Bergevin, S. Berkman, T. Berry, S. Bhadra, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, A. Blondel, S. Bolognesi, S. B. Boyd, A. Bravar, C. Bronner, F. S. Cafagna, G. Carminati, S. L. Cartwright, M. G. Catanesi, K. Choi, J. H. Choi, G. Collazuol, G. Cowan, L. Cremonesi, G. Davies, G. De Rosa, C. Densham, J. Detwiler, D. Dewhurst, F. Di Lodovico, S. Di Luise, O. Drapier, S. Emery, A. Ereditato, P. Fernandez, T. Feusels, A. Finch, M. Fitton, M. Friend, Y. Fujii, Y. Fukuda, D. Fukuda, V. Galymov, K. Ganezer, M. Gonin, P. Gumplinger, D. R. Hadley, L. Haegel, A. Haesler, Y. Haga, B. Hartfiel, M. Hartz, Y. Hayato, M. Hierholzer, J. Hill, A. Himmel, S. Hirota, S. Horiuchi, K. Huang, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Iijima, M. Ikeda, J. Imber, K. Inoue, J. Insler, R. A. Intonti, T. Irvine, T. Ishida, H. Ishino, M. Ishitsuka, Y. Itow, A. Izmaylov, B. Jamieson, H. I. Jang, M. Jiang, K. K. Joo, C. K. Jung, A. Kaboth, T. Kajita, J. Kameda, Y. Karadhzov, T. Katori, E. Kearns, M. Khabibullin, A. Khotjantsev, J. Y. Kim, S. B. Kim, Y. Kishimoto, T. Kobayashi, M. Koga, A. Konaka, L. L. Kormos, A. Korzenev, Y. Koshio, W. R. Kropp, Y. Kudenko, T. Kutter, M. Kuze, L. Labarga, J. Lagoda, M. Laveder, M. Lawe, J. G. Learned, I. T. Lim, T. Lindner, A. Longhin, L. Ludovici, W. Ma, L. Magaletti, K. Mahn, M. Malek, C. Mariani, L. Marti, J. F. Martin, C. Martin, P. P. J. Martins, E. Mazzucato, N. McCauley, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, M. Mezzetto, H. Minakata, A. Minamino, S. Mine, O. Mineev, M. Miura, J. Monroe, T. Mori, S. Moriyama, T. Mueller, F. Muheim, M. Nakahata, K. Nakamura, T. Nakaya, S. Nakayama, M. Needham, T. Nicholls, M. Nirkko, Y. Nishimura, E. Noah, J. Nowak, H. Nunokawa, H. M. O'Keeffe, Y. Okajima, K. Okumura, S. M. Oser, E. O'Sullivan, R. A. Owen, Y. Oyama, J. Perez, M. Y. Pac, V. Palladino, J. L. Palomino, V. Paolone, D. Payne, O. Perevozchikov, J. D. Perkin, C. Pistillo, S. Playfer, M. Posiadala-Zezula, J. -M. Poutissou, B. Quilain, M. Quinto, E. Radicioni, P. N. Ratoff, M. Ravonel, M. Rayner, A. Redij, F. Retiere, C. Riccio, E. Richard, E. Rondio, H. J. Rose, M. Ross-Lonergan, C. Rott, S. D. Rountree, A. Rubbia, R. Sacco, M. Sakuda, M. C. Sanchez, E. Scantamburlo, K. Scholberg, M. Scott, Y. Seiya, T. Sekiguchi, H. Sekiya, A. Shaikhiev, I. Shimizu, M. Shiozawa, S. Short, G. Sinnis, M. B. Smy, J. Sobczyk, H. W. Sobel, T. Stewart, J. L. Stone, Y. Suda, Y. Suzuki, A. T. Suzuki, R. Svoboda, R. Tacik, A. Takeda, A. Taketa, Y. Takeuchi, H. A. Tanaka, H. K. M. Tanaka, H. Tanaka, R. Terri, L. F. Thompson, M. Thorpe, S. Tobayama, N. Tolich, T. Tomura, C. Touramanis, T. Tsukamoto, M. Tzanov, Y. Uchida, M. R. Vagins, G. Vasseur, R. B. Vogelaar, C. W. Walter, D. Wark, M. O. Wascko, A. Weber, R. Wendell, R. J. Wilkes, M. J. Wilking, J. R. Wilson, T. Xin, K. Yamamoto, C. Yanagisawa, T. Yano, S. Yen, N. Yershov, M. Yokoyama, M. Zito

Hyper-Kamiokande will be a next generation underground water Cherenkov detector with a total (fiducial) mass of 0.99 (0.56) million metric tons, approximately 20 (25) times larger than that of Super-Kamiokande. Read More

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR is an array of natural and enriched high purity germanium detectors that will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76-Ge and perform a search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) with masses below 10 GeV. As part of the MAJORANA research and development efforts, we have deployed a modified, low-background broad energy germanium detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility. With its sub-keV energy threshold, this detector is sensitive to potential non-Standard Model physics, including interactions with WIMPs. Read More

We describe a compact, ultra-clean device used to deploy radioactive sources along the vertical axis of the KamLAND liquid-scintillator neutrino detector for purposes of calibration. The device worked by paying out and reeling in precise lengths of a hanging, small-gauge wire rope (cable); an assortment of interchangeable radioactive sources could be attached to a weight at the end of the cable. All components exposed to the radiopure liquid scintillator were made of chemically compatible UHV-cleaned materials, primarily stainless steel, in order to avoid contaminating or degrading the scintillator. Read More

2014May
Affiliations: 1The KamLAND Collaboration, 2The KamLAND Collaboration, 3The KamLAND Collaboration, 4The KamLAND Collaboration, 5The KamLAND Collaboration, 6The KamLAND Collaboration, 7The KamLAND Collaboration, 8The KamLAND Collaboration, 9The KamLAND Collaboration, 10The KamLAND Collaboration, 11The KamLAND Collaboration, 12The KamLAND Collaboration, 13The KamLAND Collaboration, 14The KamLAND Collaboration, 15The KamLAND Collaboration, 16The KamLAND Collaboration, 17The KamLAND Collaboration, 18The KamLAND Collaboration, 19The KamLAND Collaboration, 20The KamLAND Collaboration, 21The KamLAND Collaboration, 22The KamLAND Collaboration, 23The KamLAND Collaboration, 24The KamLAND Collaboration, 25The KamLAND Collaboration, 26The KamLAND Collaboration, 27The KamLAND Collaboration, 28The KamLAND Collaboration, 29The KamLAND Collaboration, 30The KamLAND Collaboration, 31The KamLAND Collaboration, 32The KamLAND Collaboration, 33The KamLAND Collaboration, 34The KamLAND Collaboration, 35The KamLAND Collaboration, 36The KamLAND Collaboration, 37The KamLAND Collaboration, 38The KamLAND Collaboration, 39The KamLAND Collaboration, 40The KamLAND Collaboration, 41The KamLAND Collaboration, 42The KamLAND Collaboration, 43The KamLAND Collaboration, 44The KamLAND Collaboration, 45The KamLAND Collaboration, 46The KamLAND Collaboration, 47The KamLAND Collaboration, 48The KamLAND Collaboration, 49The KamLAND Collaboration, 50The KamLAND Collaboration, 51The KamLAND Collaboration, 52The KamLAND Collaboration, 53The KamLAND Collaboration, 54The KamLAND Collaboration, 55The KamLAND Collaboration, 56The KamLAND Collaboration, 57The KamLAND Collaboration, 58The KamLAND Collaboration, 59The KamLAND Collaboration, 60The KamLAND Collaboration, 61The KamLAND Collaboration, 62The KamLAND Collaboration, 63The KamLAND Collaboration, 64The KamLAND Collaboration, 65The KamLAND Collaboration, 66The KamLAND Collaboration, 67The KamLAND Collaboration, 68The KamLAND Collaboration, 69The KamLAND Collaboration, 70The KamLAND Collaboration, 71The KamLAND Collaboration

We report a measurement of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate of 862 keV 7Be solar neutrinos based on a 165.4 kton-day exposure of KamLAND. The observed rate is 582 +/- 90 (kton-day)^-1, which corresponds to a 862 keV 7Be solar neutrino flux of (3. Read More

The Majorana Collaboration is constructing a system containing 40 kg of HPGe detectors to demonstrate the feasibility and potential of a future tonne-scale experiment capable of probing the neutrino mass scale in the inverted-hierarchy region. To realize this, a major goal of the Majorana Demonstrator is to demonstrate a path forward to achieving a background rate at or below 1 cnt/(ROI-t-y) in the 4 keV region of interest around the Q-value at 2039 keV. This goal is pursued through a combination of a significant reduction of radioactive impurities in construction materials with analytical methods for background rejection, for example using powerful pulse shape analysis techniques profiting from the p-type point contact HPGe detectors technology. Read More

High purity germanium (HPGe) crystals will be used for the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR, where they serve as both the source and the detector for neutrinoless double beta decay. It is crucial for the experiment to understand the performance of the HPGe crystals. A variety of crystal properties are being investigated, including basic properties such as energy resolution, efficiency, uniformity, capacitance, leakage current and crystal axis orientation, as well as more sophisticated properties, e. Read More

A low-background, high-purity germanium detector has been used to search for evidence of low-energy, bremsstrahlung-generated solar axions. An upper bound of $1.36\times 10^{-11}$ $(95% CL)$ is placed on the direct coupling of DFSZ model axions to electrons. Read More

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR neutrinoless double beta-decay experiment is currently under construction at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota, USA. An overview and status of the experiment are given. Read More

We propose to test for short baseline neutrino oscillations, implied by the recent reevaluation of the reactor antineutrino flux and by anomalous results from the gallium solar neutrino detectors. The test will consist of producing a 75 kCi 144Ce - 144Pr antineutrino source to be deployed in the Kamioka Liquid Scintillator Anti-Neutrino Detector (KamLAND). KamLAND's 13m diameter target volume provides a suitable environment to measure energy and position dependence of the detected neutrino flux. Read More

2013Sep
Authors: B. Aharmim, S. N. Ahmed, A. E. Anthony, N. Barros, E. W. Beier, A. Bellerive, B. Beltran, M. Bergevin, S. D. Biller, K. Boudjemline, M. G. Boulay, B. Cai, Y. D. Chan, D. Chauhan, M. Chen, B. T. Cleveland, G. A. Cox, X. Dai, H. Deng, J. A. Detwiler, M. DiMarco, M. D. Diamond, P. J. Doe, G. Doucas, P. -L. Drouin, F. A. Duncan, M. Dunford, E. D. Earle, S. R. Elliott, H. C. Evans, G. T. Ewan, J. Farine, H. Fergani, F. Fleurot, R. J. Ford, J. A. Formaggio, N. Gagnon, J. TM. Goon, K. Graham, E. Guillian, S. Habib, R. L. Hahn, A. L. Hallin, E. D. Hallman, P. J. Harvey, R. Hazama, W. J. Heintzelman, J. Heise, R. L. Helmer, A. Hime, C. Howard, M. Huang, P. Jagam, B. Jamieson, N. A. Jelley, M. Jerkins, K. J. Keeter, J. R. Klein, L. L. Kormos, M. Kos, C. Kraus, C. B. Krauss, A. Krueger, T. Kutter, C. C. M. Kyba, R. Lange, J. Law, I. T. Lawson, K. T. Lesko, J. R. Leslie, I. Levine, J. C. Loach, R. MacLellan, S. Majerus, H. B. Mak, J. Maneira, R. Martin, N. McCauley, A. B. McDonald, S. R. McGee, M. L. Miller, B. Monreal, J. Monroe, B. G. Nickel, A. J. Noble, H. M. O'Keeffe, N. S. Oblath, R. W. Ollerhead, G. D. Orebi Gann, S. M. Oser, R. A. Ott, S. J. M. Peeters, A. W. P. Poon, G. Prior, S. D. Reitzner, K. Rielage, B. C. Robertson, R. G. H. Robertson, M. H. Schwendener, J. A. Secrest, S. R. Seibert, O. Simard, J. J. Simpson, D. Sinclair, P. Skensved, T. J. Sonley, L. C. Stonehill, G. Tesic, N. Tolich, T. Tsui, R. Van Berg, B. A. VanDevender, C. J. Virtue, B. L. Wall, D. Waller, H. Wan Chan Tseung, D. L. Wark, P. J. S. Watson, J. Wendland, N. West, J. F. Wilkerson, J. R. Wilson, J. M. Wouters, A. Wright, M. Yeh, F. Zhang, K. Zuber

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) has confirmed the standard solar model and neutrino oscillations through the observation of neutrinos from the solar core. In this paper we present a search for neutrinos associated with sources other than the solar core, such as gamma-ray bursters and solar flares. We present a new method for looking for temporal coincidences between neutrino events and astrophysical bursts of widely varying intensity. Read More

The {\sc Majorana Demonstrator will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the isotope Ge-76 with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own antiparticle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass scale of the neutrino. The {\sc Demonstrator} is being assembled at the 4850-foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. Read More

The {\sc Majorana} collaboration is searching for neutrinoless double beta decay using $^{76}$Ge, which has been shown to have a number of advantages in terms of sensitivities and backgrounds. The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would show that lepton number is violated and that neutrinos are Majorana particles and would simultaneously provide information on neutrino mass. Attaining sensitivities for neutrino masses in the inverted hierarchy region, $15 - 50$ meV, will require large, tonne-scale detectors with extremely low backgrounds, at the level of $\sim$1 count/t-y or lower in the region of the signal. Read More

Medium-baseline reactor neutrino oscillation experiments (MBRO) have been proposed to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy (MH) and to make precise measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters. With sufficient statistics, better than ~3%/\sqrt{E} energy resolution and well understood energy non-linearity, MH can be determined by analyzing oscillation signals driven by the atmospheric mass-squared difference in the survival spectrum of reactor antineutrinos. With such high performance MBRO detectors, oscillation parameters, such as \sin^22\theta_{12}, \Delta m^2_{21}, and \Delta m^2_{32}, can be measured to sub-percent level, which enables a future test of the PMNS matrix unitarity to ~1% level and helps the forthcoming neutrinoless double beta decay experiments to constrain the allowed values. Read More

2012Oct
Affiliations: 1The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 2The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 3The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 4The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 5The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 6The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 7The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 8The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 9The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 10The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 11The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 12The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 13The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 14The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 15The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 16The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 17The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 18The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 19The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 20The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 21The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 22The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 23The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 24The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 25The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 26The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 27The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 28The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 29The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 30The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 31The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 32The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 33The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 34The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 35The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 36The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 37The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 38The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 39The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 40The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 41The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 42The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 43The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 44The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 45The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 46The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 47The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 48The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 49The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 50The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 51The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 52The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 53The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 54The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 55The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 56The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 57The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 58The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 59The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 60The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 61The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 62The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 63The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 64The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 65The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 66The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 67The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 68The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 69The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 70The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 71The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 72The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 73The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 74The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 75The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 76The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 77The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 78The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 79The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 80The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 81The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 82The. MAJORANA. Collaboration, 83The. MAJORANA. Collaboration

The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR will search for the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the 76Ge isotope with a mixed array of enriched and natural germanium detectors. The observation of this rare decay would indicate the neutrino is its own anti-particle, demonstrate that lepton number is not conserved, and provide information on the absolute mass-scale of the neutrino. The DEMONSTRATOR is being assembled at the 4850 foot level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota. Read More

A study of signals originating near the lithium-diffused n+ contact of p-type point contact (PPC) high purity germanium detectors (HPGe) is presented. The transition region between the active germanium and the fully dead layer of the n+ contact is examined. Energy depositions in this transition region are shown to result in partial charge collection. Read More

The GERDA and Majorana experiments will search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of germanium-76 using isotopically enriched high-purity germanium detectors. Although the experiments differ in conceptual design, they share many aspects in common, and in particular will employ similar data analysis techniques. The collaborations are jointly developing a C++ software library, MGDO, which contains a set of data objects and interfaces to encapsulate, store and manage physical quantities of interest, such as waveforms and high-purity germanium detector geometries. Read More

The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would resolve the Majorana nature of the neutrino and could provide information on the absolute scale of the neutrino mass. The initial phase of the Majorana experiment, known as the Demonstrator, will house 40 kg of Ge in an ultra-low background shielded environment at the 4850' level of the Sanford Underground Laboratory in Lead, SD. The objective of the Demonstrator is to determine whether a future 1-tonne experiment can achieve a background goal of one count per tonne-year in a narrow region of interest around the 76Ge neutrinoless double-beta decay peak. Read More

An algorithm to measure the drift time of charge carriers in p-type point contact (PPC) high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors from the signals processed with a charge-sensitive preamplifier is introduced. It is demonstrated that the drift times can be used to estimate the distance of charge depositions from the point contact and to characterize losses due to charge trapping. A correction for charge trapping effects over a wide range of energies is implemented using the measured drift times and is shown to improve the energy resolution by up to 30%. Read More

A brief review of the history and neutrino physics of double beta decay is given. A description of the MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR research and development program including background reduction techniques is presented in some detail. The application of point contact (PC) detectors to the experiment is discussed, including the effectiveness of pulse shape analysis. Read More

Neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments can potentially determine the Majorana or Dirac nature of the neutrino, and aid in understanding the neutrino absolute mass scale and hierarchy. Future 76Ge-based searches target a half-life sensitivity of >10^27 y to explore the inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. Reaching this sensitivity will require a background rate of <1 count tonne^-1 y^-1 in a 4-keV-wide spectral region of interest surrounding the Q value of the decay. Read More

The observation of neutrinoless double-beta decay would determine whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle and provide information on the absolute scale of neutrino mass. The MAJORANA Collaboration is constructing the DEMONSTRATOR, an array of germanium detectors, to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 76-Ge. The DEMONSTRATOR will contain 40 kg of germanium; up to 30 kg will be enriched to 86% in 76-Ge. Read More