J. C. Coxon

J. C. Coxon
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J. C. Coxon

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Physics - Space Physics (3)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)

Publications Authored By J. C. Coxon

We reduce measurements made by the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) to give the total Birkeland (field-aligned) current flowing in both hemispheres in monthly and hourly bins. We analyze these totals using 6 years of data (2010-2015) to examine solar zenith angle-driven variations in the total Birkeland current flowing in both hemispheres, simultaneously, for the first time. A diurnal variation is identified in the total Birkeland current flowing, consistent with variations in the solar zenith angle. Read More

The solar-wind magnetosphere interaction primarily occurs at altitudes where the dipole component of Earth's magnetic field is dominating. The disturbances that are created in this interaction propagate along magnetic field lines and interact with the ionosphere-thermosphere system. At ionospheric altitudes, the Earth's field deviates significantly from a dipole. Read More

We present a new quantitative technique that determines the times and durations of substorm expansion and recovery phases and possible growth phases based on percentiles of the rate of change of auroral electrojet indices. By being able to prescribe different percentile values, we can determine the onset and duration of substorm phases for smaller or larger variations of the auroral index or indeed any auroral zone ground-based magnetometer data. We apply this technique to the SuperMAG AL (SML) index and compare our expansion phase onset times with previous lists of substorm onsets. Read More

Astronomical observations of (sub)millimeter wavelength pure rotational emission lines of the second most abundant molecule in the Universe, CO, hold the promise of probing regions of high temperature and density in the innermost parts of circumstellar envelopes. The rotational spectrum of vibrationally excited CO up to $\varv = 3$ has been measured in the laboratory between 220 and 1940 GHz with relative accuracies up to $5.2 \times 10^{-9}$, corresponding to $\sim 5$ kHz near 1 THz. Read More