J. BlUEmer

J. BlUEmer
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J. BlUEmer
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (15)
 
Astrophysics (13)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By J. BlUEmer

KCDC, the KASCADE Cosmic-ray Data Centre, is a web portal, where data of astroparticle physics experiments will be made available for the interested public. The KASCADE experiment, financed by public money, was a large-area detector for the measurement of high-energy cosmic rays via the detection of air showers. KASCADE and its extension KASCADE-Grande stopped finally the active data acquisition of all its components including the radio EAS experiment LOPES end of 2012 after more than 20 years of data taking. Read More

We report the first direct measurement of the overall characteristics of microwave radio emission from extensive air showers. Using a trigger provided by the KASCADE-Grande air shower array, the signals of the microwave antennas of the CROME (Cosmic-Ray Observation via Microwave Emission) experiment have been read out and searched for signatures of radio emission by high-energy air showers in the GHz frequency range. Microwave signals have been detected for more than 30 showers with energies above 3*10^16 eV. Read More

KASCADE-Grande is dedicated for investigations of cosmic-ray air showers in the primary energy range from 10 PeV to 1 EeV. The multi-detector system allows us to reconstruct charged particles, electron and muon numbers for individual air showers with high accuracies. Based on the shower size ($N_{ch}$) spectra of the charged particle component, the all-particle energy spectrum of cosmic rays is reconstructed, where attenuation effects in the atmosphere are corrected by applying the constant intensity cut method. Read More

The KASCADE-Grande detector is an air-shower array devoted to the study of primary cosmic rays with very high-energies (E = 10^{16} - 10^{18} eV). The instrument is composed of different particle detector systems suitable for the detailed study of the properties of Extensive Air Showers (EAS) developed by cosmic rays in the atmosphere. Among the EAS observables studied with the detector, the charged number of particles, the muon content (at different energy thresholds), and the number of electrons are found. Read More

The KASCADE-Grande experiment, located at KIT-Karlsruhe, Germany, consists of a large scintillator array for measurements of charged particles, N_ch, and of an array of shielded scintillation counters used for muon counting, N_mu. KASCADE-Grande is optimized for cosmic ray measurements in the energy range 10 PeV to 1000 PeV, thereby enabling the verification of a knee in the iron spectrum expected at approximately 100 PeV. Exploring the composition in this energy range is of fundamental importance for understanding the transition from galactic to extragalactic cosmic rays. Read More

The detection of high-energy cosmic rays above a few hundred TeV is realized by the observation of extensive air-showers. By using the multi-detector setup of KASCADE-Grande, energy spectrum, elemental composition, and anisotropies of high-energy cosmic rays in the energy range from below the knee up to 2 EeV are investigated. In addition, the large high-quality data set permits distinct tests of the validity of hadronic interaction models used in interpreting air-shower measurements. Read More

We report on the first direct measurement of the basic features of microwave radio emission from extensive air showers. Using a trigger provided by the KASCADE-Grande air shower array, the signals of the microwave antennas of the CROME (Cosmic-Ray Observation via Microwave Emission) experiment have been read out and searched for signatures of radio emission by high-energy air showers. Microwave signals have been detected for more than 30 showers with energies above $3\times10^{16}$\,eV. Read More

2013May
Authors: J. H. Adams, S. Ahmad, J. -N. Albert, D. Allard, M. Ambrosio, L. Anchordoqui, A. Anzalone, Y. Arai, C. Aramo, K. Asano, M. Ave, P. Barrillon, T. Batsch, J. Bayer, T. Belenguer, R. Bellotti, A. A. Berlind, M. Bertaina, P. L. Biermann, S. Biktemerova, C. Blaksley, J. Blecki, S. Blin-Bondil, J. Bluemer, P. Bobik, M. Bogomilov, M. Bonamente, M. S. Briggs, S. Briz, A. Bruno, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, J-N. Capdevielle, R. Caruso, M. Casolino, C. Cassardo, G. Castellini, O. Catalano, A. Cellino, M. Chikawa, M. J. Christl, V. Connaughton, J. F. Cortes, H. J. Crawford, R. Cremonini, S. Csorna, J. C. D'Olivo, S. Dagoret-Campagne, A. J. de Castro, C. De Donato, C. de la Taille, L. del Peral, A. Dell'Oro, M. P. De Pascale, M. Di Martino, G. Distratis, M. Dupieux, A. Ebersoldt, T. Ebisuzaki, R. Engel, S. Falk, K. Fang, F. Fenu, I. Fernandez-Gomez, S. Ferrarese, A. Franceschi, J. Fujimoto, P. Galeotti, G. Garipov, J. Geary, U. G. Giaccari, G. Giraudo, M. Gonchar, C. Gonzalez Alvarado, P. Gorodetzky, F. Guarino, A. Guzman, Y. Hachisu, B. Harlov, A. Haungs, J. Hernandez Carretero, K. Higashide, T. Iguchi, H. Ikeda, N. Inoue, S. Inoue, A. Insolia, F. Isgrio, Y. Itow, E. Joven, E. G. Judd, A. Jung, F. Kajino, T. Kajino, I. Kaneko, Y. Karadzhov, J. Karczmarczyk, K. Katahira, K. Kawai, Y. Kawasaki, B. Keilhauer, B. A. Khrenov, Jeong-Sook Kim, Soon-Wook Kim, Sug-Whan Kim, M. Kleifges, P. A. Klimov, S. H. Ko, D. Kolev, I. Kreykenbohm, K. Kudela, Y. Kurihara, E. Kuznetsov, G. La Rosa, J. Lee, J. Licandro, H. Lim, F. Lopez, M. C. Maccarone, K. Mannheim, L. Marcelli, A. Marini, G. Martin-Chassard, O. Martinez, G. Masciantonio, K. Mase, R. Matev, A. Maurissen, G. Medina-Tanco, T. Mernik, H. Miyamoto, Y. Miyazaki, Y. Mizumoto, G. Modestino, D. Monnier-Ragaigne, J. A. Morales de los Rios, B. Mot, T. Murakami, M. Nagano, M. Nagata, S. Nagataki, T. Nakamura, J. W. Nam, S. Nam, K. Nam, T. Napolitano, D. Naumov, A. Neronov, K. Nomoto, T. Ogawa, H. Ohmori, A. V. Olinto, P. Orleanski, G. Osteria, N. Pacheco, M. I. Panasyuk, E. Parizot, I. H. Park, B. Pastircak, T. Patzak, T. Paul, C. Pennypacker, T. Peter, P. Picozza, A. Pollini, H. Prieto, P. Reardon, M. Reina, M. Reyes, M. Ricci, I. Rodriguez, M. D. Rodriguez Frias, F. Ronga, H. Rothkaehl, G. Roudil, I. Rusinov, M. Rybczynski, M. D. Sabau, G. Saez Cano, A. Saito, N. Sakaki, M. Sakata, H. Salazar, S. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, L. Santiago Cruz, M. Sanz Palomino, O. Saprykin, F. Sarazin, H. Sato, M. Sato, T. Schanz, H. Schieler, V. Scotti, M. Scuderi, A. Segreto, S. Selmane, D. Semikoz, M. Serra, S. Sharakin, T. Shibata, H. M. Shimizu, K. Shinozaki, T. Shirahama, G. Siemieniec-Ozieb, H. H. Silva Lopez, J. Sledd, K. Slominska, A. Sobey, T. Sugiyama, D. Supanitsky, M. Suzuki, B. Szabelska, J. Szabelski, F. Tajima, N. Tajima, T. Tajima, Y. Takahashi, H. Takami, M. Takeda, Y. Takizawa, C. Tenzer, O. Tibolla, L. Tkachev, T. Tomida, N. Tone, F. Trillaud, R. Tsenov, K. Tsuno, T. Tymieniecka, Y. Uchihori, O. Vaduvescu, J. F. Valdes-Galicia, P. Vallania, L. Valore, G. Vankova, C. Vigorito, L. Villasenor, P. von Ballmoos, S. Wada, J. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, J. Watts, M. Weber, T. J. Weiler, T. Wibig, L. Wiencke, M. Wille, J. Wilms, Z. Wlodarczyk, T. Yamamoto, Y. Yamamoto, J. Yang, H. Yano, I. V. Yashin, D. Yonetoku, K. Yoshida, S. Yoshida, R. Young, A. Zamora, A. Zuccaro Marchi

We evaluate the exposure during nadir observations with JEM-EUSO, the Extreme Universe Space Observatory, on-board the Japanese Experiment Module of the International Space Station. Designed as a mission to explore the extreme energy Universe from space, JEM-EUSO will monitor the Earth's nighttime atmosphere to record the ultraviolet light from tracks generated by extensive air showers initiated by ultra-high energy cosmic rays. In the present work, we discuss the particularities of space-based observation and we compute the annual exposure in nadir observation. Read More

The energy spectrum of cosmic rays between 10**16 eV and 10**18 eV, derived from measurements of the shower size (total number of charged particles) and the total muon number of extensive air showers by the KASCADE-Grande experiment, is described. The resulting all-particle energy spectrum exhibits strong hints for a hardening of the spectrum at approximately 2x10**16 eV and a significant steepening at c. 8x10**16 eV. Read More

2012Apr
Authors: The JEM-EUSO Collaboration, :, J. H. Adams Jr, S. Ahmad, J. -N. Albert, D. Allard, M. Ambrosio, L. Anchordoqui, A. Anzalone, Y. Arai, C. Aramo, K. Asano, P. Barrillon, T. Batsch, J. Bayer, T. Belenguer, R. Bellotti, A. A. Berlind, M. Bertaina, P. L. Biermann, S. Biktemerova, C. Blaksley, J. Blecki, S. Blin-Bondil, J. Bluemer, P. Bobik, M. Bogomilov, M. Bonamente, M. S. Briggs, S. Briz, A. Bruno, F. Cafagna, D. Campana, J-N. Capdevielle, R. Caruso, M. Casolino, C. Cassardo, G. Castellini, O. Catalano, A. Cellino, M. Chikawa, M. J. Christl, V. Connaughton, J. F. Cortes, H. J. Crawford, R. Cremonini, S. Csorna, J. C. D'Olivo, S. Dagoret-Campagne, A. J. de Castro, C. De Donato, C. de la Taille, M. P. De Pascale, L. del Peral, A. Dell'Oro, M. Di Martino, G. Distrati, M. Dupieux, A. Ebersoldt, T. Ebisuzaki, R. Engel, S. Falk, K. Fang, F. Fenu, S. Ferrarese, I. Fernandez-Gomez, A. Franceschi, J. Fujimoto, P. Galeotti, G. Garipov, J. Geary, U. G. Giaccari, G. Giraudo, M. Gonchar, C. Gonzalez Alvarado, P. Gorodetzky, F. Guarino, A. Guzman, Y. Hachisu, B. Harlov, A. Haungs, J. Hernandez Carretero, K. Higashide, T. Iguchi, H. Ikeda, N. Inoue, S. Inoue, A. Insolia, F. Isgro, Y. Itow, E. Joven, E. G. Judd, A. Jung, F. Kajino, T. Kajino, I. Kaneko, Y. Karadzhov, J. Karczmarczyk, K. Katahira, K. Kawai, Y. Kawasaki, B. Keilhauer, B. A. Khrenov, Jeong-Sook Kim, Soon-Wook Kim, Sug-Whan Kim, M. Kleifges, P. A. Klimov, S. H. Ko, D. Kolev, I. Kreykenbohm, K. Kudela, Y. Kurihara, E. Kuznetsov, G. La Rosa, J. Lee, J. Licandro, H. Lim, F. Lopez, M. C. Maccarone, L. Marcelli, A. Marini, G. Martin-Chassard, O. Martinez, G. Masciantonio, K. Mase, R. Matev, A. Maurissen, G. Medina-Tanco, T. Mernik, H. Miyamoto, Y. Miyazaki, Y. Mizumoto, G. Modestino, D. Monnier-Ragaigne, J. A. Morales de los Rıos, B. Mot, T. Murakami, M. Nagano, M. Nagata, S. Nagataki, J. W. Nam, S. Nam, K. Nam, T. Napolitano, D. Naumov, A. Neronov, K. Nomoto, T. Ogawa, H. Ohmori, A. V. Olinto, P. Orleanski, G. Osteria, N. Pacheco, M. I. Panasyuk, E. Parizot, I. H. Park, B. Pastircak, T. Patzak, T. Paul, C. Pennypacker, T. Peter, P. Picozza, A. Pollini, H. Prieto, P. Reardon, M. Reina, M. Reyes, M. Ricci, I. Rodrıguez, M. D. Rodrıguez Frıas, F. Ronga, H. Rothkaehl, G. Roudil, I. Rusinov, M. Rybczynski, M. D. Sabau, G. Saez Cano, A. Saito, N. Sakaki, M. Sakata, H. Salazar, S. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, L. Santiago Cruz, M. Sanz Palomino, O. Saprykin, F. Sarazin, H. Sato, M. Sato, T. Schanz, H. Schieler, V. Scotti, M. Scuderi, A. Segreto, S. Selmane, D. Semikoz, M. Serra, S. Sharakin, T. Shibata, H. M. Shimizu, K. Shinozaki, T. Shirahama, G. Siemieniec-Ozieblo, H. H. Silva Lopez, J. Sledd, K. Slominska, A. Sobey, T. Sugiyama, D. Supanitsky, M. Suzuki, B. Szabelska, J. Szabelski, F. Tajima, N. Tajima, T. Tajima, H. Takami, T. Nakamura, M. Takeda, Y. Takahashi, Y. Takizawa, C. Tenzer, L. Tkachev, T. Tomida, N. Tone, F. Trillaud, R. Tsenov, K. Tsuno, T. Tymieniecka, Y. Uchihori, O. Vaduvescu, J. F. Valdes-Galicia, P. Vallania, L. Valore, G. Vankova, C. Vigorito, L. Villasenor, P. von Ballmoos, S. Wada, J. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, J. Watts Jr, M. Weber, T. J. Weiler, T. Wibig, L. Wiencke, M. Wille, J. Wilms, Z. Wlodarczyk, T. Yamamoto, Y. Yamamoto, J. Yang, H. Yano, I. V. Yashin, D. Yonetoku, K. Yoshida, S. Yoshida, R. Young, A. Zamora, A. Zuccaro Marchi

Contributions of the JEM-EUSO Collaboration to the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, Beijing, August, 2011. Read More

We report the observation of a steepening in the cosmic ray energy spectrum of heavy primary particles at about $8 \times 10^{16}$ eV. This structure is also seen in the all-particle energy spectrum, but is less significant. Whereas the `knee' of the cosmic ray spectrum at $3-5 \times 10^{15}$ eV was assigned to light primary masses by the KASCADE experiment, the new structure found by the KASCADE-Grande experiment is caused by heavy primaries. Read More

The antenna array LOPES is set up at the location of the KASCADE-Grande extensive air shower experiment in Karlsruhe, Germany and aims to measure and investigate radio pulses from Extensive Air Showers. The coincident measurements allow us to reconstruct the electric field strength at observation level in dependence of general EAS parameters. In the present work, the lateral distribution of the radio signal in air showers is studied in detail. Read More

This review summarizes recent developments in the understanding of high-energy cosmic rays. It focuses on galactic and presumably extragalactic particles in the energy range from the knee (10^15 eV) up to the highest energies observed (>10^20 eV). Emphasis is put on observational results, their interpretation, and the global picture of cosmic rays that has emerged during the last decade. Read More

The focus of this article is on recent results on ultra-high energy cosmic rays obtained with the Pierre Auger Observatory. The world's largest instrument of this type and its performance are described. The observations presented here include the energy spectrum, the primary particle composition, limits on the fluxes of photons and neutrinos and a discussion of the anisotropic distribution of the arrival directions of the most energetic particles. Read More

On basis of the theorem of a universal shower development stating that a hadronically generated extensive air shower is completely described by the primary energy, the position of the shower maximum and a parameter related to the total muon number, the so-called correlation curve method is developed and applied to KASCADE data. Correlation information of the muon and electron content of showers measured by the KASCADE experiment are used for the reconstruction of energy and mass of primary cosmic rays. Systematic uncertainties of the method and the results are discussed in detail. Read More

Radio pulses are emitted during the development of air showers, where air showers are generated by ultra-high energy cosmic rays entering the Earth's atmosphere. These nanosecond short pulses are presently investigated by various experiments for the purpose of using them as a new detection technique for cosmic particles. For an array of 30 digital radio antennas (LOPES experiment) an absolute amplitude calibration of the radio antennas including the full electronic chain of the data acquisition system is performed, in order to estimate absolute values of the electric field strength for these short radio pulses. Read More

Fluorescence light is induced by extensive air showers while developing in the Earth's atmosphere. The number of emitted fluorescence photons depends on the conditions of the air and on the energy deposited by the shower particles at every stage of the development. In a previous model calculation, the pressure and temperature dependences of the fluorescence yield have been studied on the basis of kinetic gas theory, assuming temperature-independent molecular collision cross-sections. Read More

2007Dec
Authors: J. Bartels1, K. Borras2, M. Diehl3, H. Jung4, H. Abramowicz5, J. Albacete6, L. Alvarez-Gaume7, J. Alvarez-Muniz8, R D. Ball9, J. Bartels10, K. Belov, J. Bluemer, J. Bluemlein, A. Bonato, M. Braun, P. Brogueira, G. C Trinchero, R. Conceicao, J-R. Cudell, J Dainton, A. De Roeck, M. Deile, J. Dias de Deus, R. Engel, M C. Espirito Santo, C. Ewerz, R. Fabbri, V. Fadin, P. Falgari, L. Fanò, E. Ferreira, J Forshaw, S. Forte, L. Frankfurt, H. G Dosch, C. Gomez, K. Golec-Biernat, S. Goloskokov, K. Goulianos, G. Gustafson, A. Hamilton, C E. Hyde, M. Islam, D. Ivanov, R. J Luddy, L. Jenkovsky, J. Kaspar, A. Kaidalov, O. Kepka, V. Khoze, M. Klein, B Z. Kopeliovich, A. Kovner, H. Kowalski, M. Kozlov, J. Kretzschmar, K. Kumericki, V. Kundrat, P. L Iafelice, P. Laycock, A. Lengyel, E. Levin, A. Levy, L. Lipatov, M. Lokajicek, J. Londergan, A. Luszczak, V L. Lyuboshitz, D. Mueller, A D. Martin, E. Martynov, S. Marzani, E. Meggiolaro, S. Munier, O. Nachtmann, T. Namsoo, P. Newman, B. Nicolescu, J. Nystrand, K. Passek-Kumericki, T. Pierog, A. Pilkington, M. Pimenta, B. Pire, B Povh, D. Roehrich, C. Royon, M G. Ryskin, A. Sabio Vera, M. Salvadore, C. Sbarra, F. Schuessler, R. Schicker, I. Schmidt, L. Schoeffel, F. Schwennsen, M. Segond, O V. Selyugin, M. Seymour, A. Shoshi, A. Stasto, M. Strikman, B. Surrow, A P. Szczepaniak, A. Szczurek, L. Szymanowski, M. Tasevsky, A. Tavanfar, M. Togawa, A. Tricomi, R. Ulrich, M. Unger, V. V Lyuboshitz, M A. Vazquez-Mozo, G P. Vacca, A. von Manteuffel, M I. Vyazovsky, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, K. Werner, B W. Xiao
Affiliations: 1Univ. Hamburg, 2DESY, 3DESY, 4DESY, 5Univ. Hamburg, 6Univ. Hamburg, 7Univ. Hamburg, 8Univ. Hamburg, 9Univ. Hamburg, 10Univ. Hamburg

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering (Blois Workshop) - Forward Physics and QCD Read More

Cosmic ray data may allow the determination of the proton-air cross section at ultra-high energy. For example, the distribution of the first interaction point in air showers reflects the particle production cross section. As it is not possible to observe the point of the first interaction $X_{\rm 1}$ of a cosmic ray primary particle directly, other air shower observables must be linked to $X_{\rm 1}$. Read More

2006Dec
Affiliations: 1Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum, 2Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum, 3Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum, 4Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum, 5Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum
Category: Astrophysics

The interpretation of extensive air shower (EAS) measurements is strongly dependent on the hadronic interaction models used for simulating reference showers. We study the importance of low-energy hadronic interactions in simulated air showers, generated with the simulation package CORSIKA, for the observed characteristics of extensive air showers. In particular we investigate in detail the energy and the phase space regions of secondary particle production which are most important for muon production. Read More

2005Dec
Affiliations: 1Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, 2Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, 3Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, 4Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, 5Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany

In this work, the relation between muon production in extensive air showers and features of hadronic multiparticle production at low energies is studied. Using CORSIKA, we determine typical energies and phase space regions of secondary particles which are important for muon production in extensive air showers and confront the results with existing fixed target measurements. Furthermore possibilities to measure relevant quantities of hadron production in existing and planned accelerator experiments are discussed. Read More

Several experiments measure the fluorescence light produced by extensive air showers in the atmosphere. This light is converted into a longitudinal shower profile from which information on the primary energy and composition is derived. The fluorescence yield, as the conversion factor between light profile measured by EAS experiments and physical interpretation of showers, has been measured in several laboratory experiments. Read More

The dependence of atmospheric conditions on altitude and time have to be known at the site of an air shower experiment for accurate reconstruction of extensive air showers and their simulations. The height-profile of atmospheric depth is of particular interest as it enters directly into the reconstruction of longitudinal shower development and of the primary energy and mass of cosmic rays. For the southern part of the Auger Observatory, the atmosphere has been investigated in a number of campaigns with meteorological radio soundings and with continuous measurements of ground-based weather stations. Read More

The light signal measured by fluorescence telescopes receives - strongly depending on the shower geometry with respect to the detector - a non-negligible contribution from additionally produced Cherenkov light. This Cherenkov contribution has to be accounted for to determine primary parameters properly. In comparison to the previous ansatz used by other experiments, the impact of a new analytical description of Cherenkov light production in EAS on the Auger event reconstruction is investigated. Read More

Using CORSIKA for simulating extensive air showers, we study the relation between the shower characteristics and features of hadronic multiparticle production at low energies. We report about investigations of typical energies and phase space regions of secondary particles which are important for muon production in extensive air showers. Possibilities to measure relevant quantities of hadron production in existing and planned accelerator experiments are discussed. Read More

The longitudinal profile of extensive air showers is sensitive to the energy and type/mass of the primary particle. One of its characteristics, the atmospheric depth of shower maximum, is often used to reconstruct the elemental composition of primary cosmic rays. In this article, the impact of the atmospheric density profile on the reconstruction of the depth of maximum, as observed in fluorescence light measurements, is investigated. Read More