J. Arturo Alonso - Universidad de Málaga

J. Arturo Alonso
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J. Arturo Alonso
Universidad de Málaga

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Quantum Physics (10)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (6)
Physics - Plasma Physics (6)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (4)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
Mathematics - Group Theory (2)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (2)
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (2)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (2)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1)

Publications Authored By J. Arturo Alonso

We propose a fully operational framework to study the non-equilibrium thermodynamics of a quantum system $S$ that is coupled to a detector $D$ whose state is continuously monitored, allowing to single out individual quantum trajectories of $S$. We focus on detailed fluctuation theorems and characterize the entropy production of the system. We establish fundamental differences with respect to the thermodynamic of unmonitored, unitarily evolved systems. Read More

We present a novel heuristic approach that defines fuzzy geographical descriptors using data gathered from a survey with human subjects. The participants were asked to provide graphical interpretations of the descriptors `north' and `south' for the Galician region (Spain). Based on these interpretations, our approach builds fuzzy descriptors that are able to compute membership degrees for geographical locations. Read More

Trapped-ion quantum platforms are subject to 'anomalous' heating due to interactions with electric-field noise sources of nature not yet completely known. There is ample experimental evidence that this noise originates at the surfaces of the trap electrodes, and models assuming fluctuating point-like dipoles are consistent with observations, but the exact microscopic mechanisms behind anomalous heating remain undetermined. Here we show that the normal-mode heating rates of a two-ion system can unveil new information about the underlying noise sources. Read More

Let $BS(1,n)= \langle a,b : a b a ^{-1} = b ^n\rangle$ be the solvable Baumslag-Solitar group, where $n \geq 2$. We study representations of $BS(1, n)$ by planar orientation preserving homeomorphisms with linear diagonalizable conjugating element. That is, we consider orientation preserving homeomorphisms $f, h: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ such that $h f h^{-1} = f^n$, for some $ n\geq 2$ and we assume that $h$ is a linear diagonalizable transformation. Read More

We use a near-quantum-limited detector to experimentally track individual quantum trajectories of a driven qubit formed by the hybridization of a waveguide cavity and a transmon circuit. For each measured quantum coherent trajectory, we separately identify energy changes of the qubit as heat and work, and verify the first law of thermodynamics for an open quantum system. We further employ a novel quantum feedback loop to compensate for the exchanged heat and effectively isolate the qubit. Read More

The RNiO$_3$ perovskites are known to order antiferromagnetically below a material-dependent N\'eel temperature $T_\text{N}$. We report experimental evidence indicating the existence of a second magnetically-ordered phase in TlNiO$_3$ above $T_\text{N} = 104$ K, obtained using nuclear magnetic resonance and muon spin rotation spectroscopy. The new phase, which persists up to a temperature $T_\text{N}^* = 202$ K, is suppressed by the application of an external magnetic field of approximately 1 T. Read More

The exploration of exchange bias (EB) on the nanoscale provides a novel approach to improving the anisotropic properties of magnetic nanoparticles for prospective applications in nanospintronics and nanomedicine. However, the physical origin of EB is not fully understood. Recent advances in chemical synthesis provide a unique opportunity to explore EB in a variety of iron oxide-based nanostructures ranging from core/shell to hollow and hybrid composite nanoparticles. Read More

Orbital angular momentum of photons is an intriguing system for the storage and transmission of quantum information, but it is rapidly degraded by atmospheric turbulence. We explore the ability of adaptive optics to compensate for this disturbance by measuring and correcting cumulative phase shifts in the wavefront. These shifts can be represented as a sum of Zernike functions; we analyze the residual errors after correcting up to a certain number of Zernike modes when an orbital angular momentum state is transmitted through a turbulent atmosphere whose density fluctuations have a Kolmogorov spectrum. Read More

Orbital angular momentum of photons is an intriguing system for the storage and transmission of quantum information, but it is rapidly degraded by atmospheric turbulence. Understanding the noise processes that affect photons is essential if we desire to protect them. In this paper we use the infinitesimal propagation equation of Roux to derive a discrete Lindblad equation, and numerically study the form of the most relevant Lindblad operators. Read More

Configurations of the IsoDAR and DAE{\delta}ALUS decay-at-rest neutrino experiments are described. Injector and cyclotron developments aimed at substantial increases in beam current are discussed. The IsoDAR layout and target are described, and this experiment is compared to other programs searching for sterile neutrinos. Read More

Long Range (LoRa) is a popular technology used to construct Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) networks. Given the popularity of LoRa it is likely that multiple independent LoRa networks are deployed in close proximity. In this situation, neighbouring networks interfere and methods have to be found to combat this interference. Read More

Using tempered Monte Carlo simulations, we study the the spin-glass phase of dense packings of Ising dipoles pointing along random axes. We consider systems of L^3 dipoles (a) placed on the sites of a simple cubic lattice with lattice constant $d$, (b) placed at the center of randomly closed packed spheres of diameter d that occupy a 64% of the volume. For both cases we find an equilibrium spin-glass phase below a temperature T_sg. Read More

The purpose of this research is to study the connection of global properties of eight young stellar clusters projected in the Vista Variables in the Via Lactea (VVV) ESO Large Public Survey disk area and their young stellar object population. The analysis in based on the combination of spectroscopic parallax-based reddening and distance determinations with main sequence and pre-main sequence ishochrone fitting to determine the basic parameters (reddening, age, distance) of the sample clusters. The lower mass limit estimations show that all clusters are low or intermediate mass (between 110 and 1800 Mo), the slope Gamma of the obtained present-day mass functions of the clusters is close to the Kroupa initial mass function. Read More

In general, the orbit-averaged radial magnetic drift of trapped particles in stellarators is non-zero due to the three-dimensional nature of the magnetic field. Stellarators in which the orbit-averaged radial magnetic drift vanishes are called omnigeneous, and they exhibit neoclassical transport levels comparable to those of axisymmetric tokamaks. However, the effect of deviations from omnigeneity cannot be neglected in practice. Read More

Measurements of the relaxation of a zonal electrostatic potential perturbation in a non-axisymmetric magnetically confined plasma are presented. A sudden perturbation of the plasma equilibrium is induced by the injection of a cryogenic hydrogen pellet in the TJ-II stellarator, which is observed to be followed by a damped oscillation in the electrostatic potential. The waveform of the relaxation is consistent with theoretical calculations of zonal potential relaxation in a non-axisymmetric magnetic geometry. Read More

The upgrade of the VLTI infrastructure for the 2nd generation instruments is now complete with the transformation of the laboratory, and installation of star separators on both the 1.8-m Auxiliary Telescopes (ATs) and the 8-m Unit Telescopes (UTs). The Gravity fringe tracker has had a full semester of commissioning on the ATs, and a first look at the UTs. Read More

The classical Hausdorff dimension of finite or countable metric spaces is zero. Recently, we defined a variant, called \emph{finite Hausdorff dimension}, which is not necessarily trivial on finite metric spaces. In this paper we apply this to connected simple graphs, a class that provides many interesting examples of finite metric spaces. Read More

In this work, we consider the systematic error of quantum metrology by weak measurements under decoherence. We derive the systematic error of maximum likelihood estimation in general to the first-order approximation of a small deviation in the probability distribution, and study the robustness of standard weak measurement and postselected weak measurements against systematic errors. We show that, with a large weak value, the systematic error of a postselected weak measurement when the probe undergoes decoherence can be significantly lower than that of a standard weak measurement. Read More

In this work we exhibit flexibility phenomena for some (countable) groups acting by order preserving homeomorphisms of the line. More precisely, we show that if a left orderable group admits an amalgam decomposition of the form $G=\mathbb{F}_n*_{\mathbb Z} \mathbb{F}_m$ where $n+m\geq 3$, then every faithful action of $G$ on the line by order preserving homeomorphisms can be approximated by another action (without global fixed points) that is not semi-conjugated to the initial action. We deduce that $\mathcal{LO}(G)$, the space of left orders of $G$, is a Cantor set. Read More

We review in a tutorial fashion some of the causes of impurity density variations along field lines and radial impurity transport in the moment approach framework. An explicit and compact form of the parallel inertia force valid for arbitrary toroidal geometry and magnetic coordinates is derived and shown to be non-negligible for typical TJ-II plasma conditions. In the second part of the article, we apply the fluid model including main ion-impurity friction and inertia to observations of asymmetric emissivity patterns in neutral beam heated plasmas of the TJ-II stellarator. Read More

Given a measure $\mu$ of polynomial growth, we refine a deep result by David and Mattila to construct an atomic martingale filtration of $\mathrm{supp}(\mu)$ which provides the right framework for a dyadic form of nondoubling harmonic analysis. Despite this filtration being highly irregular, its atoms are comparable to balls in the given metric |which in turn are all doubling| and satisfy a weaker but crucial form of regularity. Our dyadic formulation is effective to address three basic questions: i) A dyadic form of Tolsa's RBMO space which contains it. Read More

This document addresses concerns raised about possible limits, due to space charge, to the maximum H2+ ion beam current that can be injected into and accepted by a compact cyclotron. The discussion of the compact cyclotron is primarily within the context of the proposed DAEdALUS and IsoDAR neutrino experiments. These concerns are examined by the collaboration and addressed individually. Read More

We report on XANES and EXAFS measurements of SmNiO3 from 20 K to 600 K and up to 38 GPa at the Ni K- and Sm L3- edges. A multiple component pre- Ni K-edge tail is understood originating from 1s transitions to 3d-4p states while a post-edge shoulder increases distinctively smooth, at about the insulator to metal phase transition (TIM), due to the reduction of electron-phonon interactions as the Ni 3d and O 2p band overlap triggers the metallic phase. This effect is concomitant with pressure induced Ni-O-Ni angle increments toward more symmetric Ni3+ octahedra of the rhombohedral R-3c space group. Read More

This conceptual design report describes the technical facility for the IsoDAR electron-antineutrino source at KamLAND. The IsoDAR source will allow an impressive program of neutrino oscillation and electroweak physics to be performed at KamLAND. This report provides information on the physics case, the conceptual design for the subsystems, alternative designs considered, specifics of installation at KamLAND, and identified needs for future development. Read More

Fast control of quantum systems is essential in order to make use of quantum properties before they are degraded by decoherence. This is important for quantum-enhanced information processing, as well as for pushing quantum systems into macroscopic regimes at the boundary between quantum and classical physics. Bang-bang control attains the ultimate speed limit by making large changes to control fields on timescales much faster than the system can respond, however these methods are often challenging to implement experimentally. Read More

We report on the tentative detection of $trans$ Ethyl Methyl Ether (tEME), $t-CH_3CH_2OCH_3$, through the identification of a large number of rotational lines from each one of the spin states of the molecule towards Orion KL. We also search for $gauche$-$trans$-n-propanol, $Gt-n-CH_3CH_2CH_2OH$, an isomer of tEME in the same source. We have identified lines of both species in the IRAM 30m line survey and in the ALMA Science Verification data. Read More

This technical report reviews the tests performed at the Best Cyclotron Systems, Inc. facility in regards to developing a cost effective ion source, beam line transport system, and acceleration system capable of high H$_2^+$ current output for the IsoDAR (Isotope Decay At Rest) experiment. We begin by outlining the requirements for the IsoDAR experiment then provide overview of the Versatile Ion Source, Low Energy Beam Transport system, spiral inflector, and cyclotron. Read More

The classical Hausdorff dimension of finite or countable sets is zero. We define an analog for finite sets, called finite Hausdorff dimension which is non-trivial. It turns out that a finite bound for the finite Hausdorff dimension guarantees that every point of the set has "nearby" neighbors. Read More

In this paper, we introduce a new comprehensive data set on educational attainment and inequality measures of education for 142 countries over the period 1970 to 2010. Most of the previous attempts to measure educational attainment have treated education as a categorical variable, whose mean is computed as a weighted average of the official duration of each cycle and attainment rates, thus omitting differences in educational achievement within levels of education. This aggregation into different groups may result in a loss of information introducing, therefore, a potential source of measurement error. Read More

We consider continuously monitored quantum systems and introduce definitions of work and heat along individual quantum trajectories that are valid for coherent superpositions of energy eigenstates. We use these quantities to extend the first and second laws of stochastic thermodynamics to the quantum domain. We illustrate our results with the case of a weakly measured driven two-level system and show how to distinguish between quantum work and heat contributions. Read More

IsoDAR is a novel experiment designed to measure neutrino oscillations through $\bar{\nu}_e$ disappearance, thus providing a definitive search for sterile neutrinos. In order to generate the necessary anti-neutrino flux, a high intensity primary proton beam is needed. In IsoDAR, $\mathrm{H}_2^+$ is accelerated and is stripped into protons just before the target, to overcome space charge issues at injection. Read More

The perovskite antiferromagnetic ($T_{\rm N}$ $\sim$ 220 K) insulator EuNiO$_3$ undergoes at ambient pressure a metal-to-insulator transition at $T_{\rm MI}$ = 460 K which is associated with a simultaneous orthorhombic-to-monoclinic distortion, leading to charge disproportionation. We have investigated the change of the structural and magnetic properties of EuNiO$_3$ with pressure (up to $\sim$ 20 GPa) across its quantum critical point (QCP) using low-temperature synchrotron angle-resolved x-ray diffraction and $^{151}$Eu nuclear forward scattering of synchrotron radiation, respectively. With increasing pressure we find that after a small increase of $T_{\rm N}$ ($p$ $\leq$ 2 GPa) and the induced magnetic hyperfine field $B_{\rm hf}$ at the $^{151}$Eu nucleus ($p$ $\leq$ 9. Read More

It is usual to rely on the quasi-likelihood methods for deriving statistical methods applied to clustered multinomial data with no underlying distribution. Even though extensive literature can be encountered for these kind of data sets, there are few investigations to deal with unequal cluster sizes. This paper aims to contribute to fill this gap by proposing new estimators for the intracluster correlation coefficient. Read More

Authors: C. Adams, J. R. Alonso, A. M. Ankowski, J. A. Asaadi, J. Ashenfelter, S. N. Axani, K. Babu, C. Backhouse, H. R. Band, P. S. Barbeau, N. Barros, A. Bernstein, M. Betancourt, M. Bishai, E. Blucher, J. Bouffard, N. Bowden, S. Brice, C. Bryan, L. Camilleri, J. Cao, J. Carlson, R. E. Carr, A. Chatterjee, M. Chen, S. Chen, M. Chiu, E. D. Church, J. I. Collar, G. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. R. Convery, R. L. Cooper, D. Cowen, H. Davoudiasl, A. De Gouvea, D. J. Dean, G. Deichert, F. Descamps, T. DeYoung, M. V. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, M. J. Dolinski, J. Dolph, B. Donnelly, D. A. Dwyer, S. Dytman, Y. Efremenko, L. L. Everett, A. Fava, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, B. Fleming, A. Friedland, B. K. Fujikawa, T. K. Gaisser, M. Galeazzi, D. C. Galehouse, A. Galindo-Uribarri, G. T. Garvey, S. Gautam, K. E. Gilje, M. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. C. Goodman, H. Gordon, E. Gramellini, M. P. Green, A. Guglielmi, R. W. Hackenburg, A. Hackenburg, F. Halzen, K. Han, S. Hans, D. Harris, K. M. Heeger, M. Herman, R. Hill, A. Holin, P. Huber, D. E. Jaffe, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, G. Karagiorgi, L. J. Kaufman, B. Kayser, S. H. Kettell, B. J. Kirby, J. R. Klein, Yu. G. Kolomensky, R. M. Kriske, C. E. Lane, T. J. Langford, A. Lankford, K. Lau, J. G. Learned, J. Ling, J. M. Link, D. Lissauer, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, M. Lokajicek, W. C. Louis, K. Luk, J. Lykken, W. J. Marciano, J. Maricic, D. M. Markoff, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, C. Mauger, K. Mavrokoridis, E. McCluskey, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, G. Mills, I. Mocioiu, B. Monreal, M. R. Mooney, J. G. Morfin, P. Mumm, J. Napolitano, R. Neilson, J. K. Nelson, M. Nessi, D. Norcini, F. Nova, D. R. Nygren, G. D. Orebi Gann, O. Palamara, Z. Parsa, R. Patterson, P. Paul, A. Pocar, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, R. Rameika, G. Ranucci, H. Ray, D. Reyna, G. C. Rich, P. Rodrigues, E. Romero Romero, R. Rosero, S. D. Rountree, B. Rybolt, M. C. Sanchez, G. Santucci, D. Schmitz, K. Scholberg, D. Seckel, M. Shaevitz, R. Shrock, M. B. Smy, M. Soderberg, A. Sonzogni, A. B. Sousa, J. Spitz, J. M. St. John, J. Stewart, J. B. Strait, G. Sullivan, R. Svoboda, A. M. Szelc, R. Tayloe, M. A. Thomson, M. Toups, A. Vacheret, M. Vagins, R. G. Van de Water, R. B. Vogelaar, M. Weber, W. Weng, M. Wetstein, C. White, B. R. White, L. Whitehead, D. W. Whittington, M. J. Wilking, R. J. Wilson, P. Wilson, D. Winklehner, D. R. Winn, E. Worcester, L. Yang, M. Yeh, Z. W. Yokley, J. Yoo, B. Yu, J. Yu, C. Zhang

The US neutrino community gathered at the Workshop on the Intermediate Neutrino Program (WINP) at Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4-6, 2015 to explore opportunities in neutrino physics over the next five to ten years. Scientists from particle, astroparticle and nuclear physics participated in the workshop. The workshop examined promising opportunities for neutrino physics in the intermediate term, including possible new small to mid-scale experiments, US contributions to large experiments, upgrades to existing experiments, R&D plans and theory. Read More

Disorder among surface spins largely dominates the magnetic response of ultrafine magnetic particle systems. In this work, we examine time-dependent magnetization in high-quality, monodisperse hollow maghemite nanoparticles with a 14.8 $\pm$ 0. Read More

Using Monte Carlo simulations, we study the character of the spin-glass (SG) state of a site-diluted dipolar Ising model. We consider systems of dipoles randomly placed on a fraction x of all L^3 sites of a simple cubic lattice that point up or down along a given crystalline axis. For x < 0. Read More

We investigate the dynamics under diabatic expansions/compressions of linear ion chains.Combining a dynamical normal-mode harmonic approximation with the invariant-based inverse-engineering technique, we design protocols that minimize the final motional excitation of the ions. This can substantially reduce the transition time between high and low trap-frequency operations, potentially contributing to the development of scalable quantum information processing. Read More

The particle transport of impurities in magnetically confined plasmas under some conditions does not find, neither quantitatively nor qualitatively, a satisfactory theory-based explanation. This compromise the successful realization of thermo-nuclear fusion for energy production since its accumulation is known to be one of the causes that leads to the plasma breakdown. In standard reactor-relevant conditions this accumulation is in most stellarators intrinsic to the lack of toroidal symmetry, that leads to the neoclassical electric field to point radially inwards. Read More

CAF\'E-BEANS is an on-going survey running on the 2.2 m telescope at Calar Alto. For more than two years, CAF\'E-BEANS has been collecting high-resolution spectra of early-type stars with the aim of detecting and characterising spectroscopic binaries. Read More

We present an overview of and status report on the WEAVE next-generation spectroscopy facility for the William Herschel Telescope (WHT). WEAVE principally targets optical ground-based follow up of upcoming ground-based (LOFAR) and space-based (Gaia) surveys. WEAVE is a multi-object and multi-IFU facility utilizing a new 2-degree prime focus field of view at the WHT, with a buffered pick-and-place positioner system hosting 1000 multi-object (MOS) fibres, 20 integral field units, or a single large IFU for each observation. Read More

Following previous work of the second author, we establish more properties of groups of circle homeomorphisms which admit invariant laminations. A certain type of such groups---so-called pseudo-fibered groups---have previously been conjectured to be closely related to fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds. We clarify this conjecture, and explain the necessity of various conditions. Read More

The recent development of Water-based Liquid Scintillator (WbLS), and the concurrent development of high-efficiency and high-precision-timing light sensors, has opened up the possibility for a new kind of large-scale detector capable of a very broad program of physics. The program would include determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy and observation of CP violation with long-baseline neutrinos, searches for proton decay, ultra-precise solar neutrino measurements, geo- and supernova neutrinos including diffuse supernova antineutrinos, and neutrinoless double beta decay. We outline here the basic requirements of the Advanced Scintillation Detector Concept (ASDC), which combines the use of WbLS, doping with a number of potential isotopes for a range of physics goals, high efficiency and ultra-fast timing photosensors, and a deep underground location. Read More

First-order phase transition in a highly correlated electron system can manifest as a dynamic phenomenon. The presence of multiple domains of the coexisting phases average out the dynamical effects making it nearly impossible to predict the exact nature of phase transition dynamics. Here we report the metal-insulator transition in samples of sub-micrometer size NdNiO3 where the effect of averaging is minimized by restricting the number of domains under study. Read More

New laboratory data of CH$_2$CHCN (vinyl cyanide) in its ground and vibrationally excited states at the microwave to THz domain allow searching for these excited state transitions in the Orion-KL line survey. Frequency-modulated spectrometers combined into a single broadband 50-1900 GHz spectrum provided measurements of CH$_2$CHCN covering a spectral range of 18-1893 GHz, whose assignments was confirmed by Stark modulation spectra in the 18-40 GHz region and by ab-initio anharmonic force field calculations. For analyzing the emission lines of CH$_2$CHCN species detected in Orion-KL we used the excitation and radiative transfer code (MADEX) at LTE conditions. Read More

We present the latest update of the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope interferometer (VLTI). The operations of VLTI have greatly improved in the past years: reduction of the execution time; better offering of telescopes configurations; improvements on AMBER limiting magnitudes; study of polarization effects and control for single mode fibres; fringe tracking real time data, etc. We present some of these improvements and also quantify the operational improvements using a performance metric. Read More

Quasisymmetric stellarators are a type of optimized stellarators for which flows are undamped to lowest order in an expansion in the normalized Larmor radius. However, perfect quasisymmetry is impossible. Since large flows may be desirable as a means to reduce turbulent transport, it is important to know when a stellarator can be considered to be sufficiently close to quasisymmetry. Read More

We investigate electrode geometries required to produce periodic 2-dimensional ion-trap arrays with the ions placed between two planes of electrodes. We present a generalization of previous methods for traps containing a single electrode plane to this new geometry, and show that for a given ion-electrode distance and applied voltages, the inter-ion distance can be reduced by a factor of up to 3 relative to single-plane traps. This represents an increase by a factor of 9 in the trap density and a factor of 27 in the exchange coupling between the oscillatory motion of neighboring ions. Read More

We report on TmMnO3 far infrared emissivity and reflectivity spectra from 1910 K to 4 K. At the highest temperature the number of infrared bands is lower than that predicted for centrosymmetric P63/mmc (D6h4) (Z=2) space group due high temperature anharmonicity and possible defect induced bitetrahedra misalignments. On cooling, at ~1600 K TmMnO3 goes from non-polar to an antiferroelectric-ferroelectric polar phase reaching the ferroelectric onset at the ~700 K. Read More

Plasma flow is damped in stellarators because they are not intrinsically ambipolar, unlike tokamaks, in which the flux-surface averaged radial electric current vanishes for any value of the radial electric field. Only quasisymmetric stellarators are intrinsically ambipolar, but exact quasisymmetry is impossible to achieve in non-axisymmetric toroidal configurations. By calculating the violation of intrinsic ambipolarity due to deviations from quasisymmetry, one can derive criteria to assess when a stellarator can be considered quasisymmetric in practice, i. Read More