# J. A. McGovern - University of Manchester

## Contact Details

NameJ. A. McGovern |
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AffiliationUniversity of Manchester |
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CityManchester |
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CountryUnited Kingdom |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesNuclear Theory (35) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (34) Nuclear Experiment (11) High Energy Physics - Lattice (3) Physics - Superconductivity (2) Physics - General Physics (2) High Energy Physics - Theory (1) Physics - Atomic Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By J. A. McGovern

**Authors:**V. Sokhoyan, E. J. Downie, E. Mornacchi, J. A. McGovern, N. Krupina, F. Afzal, J. Ahrens, C. S. Akondi, J. R. M. Annand, H. J. Arends, R. Beck, A. Braghieri, W. J. Briscoe, F. Cividini, C. Collicott, S. Costanza, A. Denig, M. Dieterle, M. Ferretti, S. Gardner, S. Garni, D. I. Glazier, D. Glowa, W. Gradl, G. Gurevich, D. Hamilton, D. Hornidge, G. M. Huber, A. Käser, V. L. Kashevarov, I. Keshelashvili, R. Kondratiev, M. Korolija, B. Krusche, V. Lensky, J. Linturi, V. Lisin, K. Livingston, I. J. D. MacGregor, R. Macrae, D. M. Manley, P. P. Martel, D. G. Middleton, R. Miskimen, A. Mushkarenkov, A. Neiser, M. Oberle, H. Ortega Spina, M. Ostrick, P. Ott, P. B. Otte, B. Oussena, D. Paudyal, P. Pedroni, A. Polonski, V. Polyansky, S. Prakhov, A. Rajabi, T. Rostomyan, A. Sarty, S. Schumann, O. Steffen, I. I. Strakovsky, B. Strandberg, T. Strub, I. Supek, M. Thiel, A. Thomas, M. Unverzagt, S. Wagner, D. P. Watts, J. Wettig, L. Witthauer, D. Werthmüller, M. Wolfes, L. Zana

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

The scalar dipole polarizabilities, $\alpha_{E1}$ and $\beta_{M1}$, are fundamental properties related to the internal dynamics of the nucleon. The currently accepted values of the proton polarizabilities were determined by fitting to unpolarized proton Compton scattering cross section data. The measurement of the beam asymmetry $\Sigma_{3}$ in a certain kinematical range provides an alternative approach to the extraction of the scalar polarizabilities. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}George Washington U.,

^{2}U. of Manchester,

^{3}Ohio U.

We examine the results of Chiral Effective Field Theory ($\chi$EFT) for the scalar- and spin-dipole polarisabilities of the proton and neutron, both for the physical pion mass and as a function of $m_\pi$. This provides chiral extrapolations for lattice-QCD polarisability computations. We include both the leading and sub-leading effects of the nucleon's pion cloud, as well as the leading ones of the $\Delta(1232)$ resonance and its pion cloud. Read More

We present an ongoing project to assess the importance of D-waves and the $\Delta (1232)$ resonance for descriptions of neutral pion photoproduction in Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory. This research has been motivated by data published by the A2 and CB-TAPS collaborations at MAMI [1]. This data has reached unprecedented levels of accuracy from threshold through to the $\Delta$ resonance. Read More

We update the predictions of the SU(2) baryon chiral perturbation theory for the dipole polarisabilities of the proton, $\{\alpha_{E1},\,\beta_{M1}\}_p=\{11.2(0.7),\,3. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}George Washington U.,

^{2}U. of Manchester,

^{3}Ohio U.

We review theoretical progress and prospects for determining the nucleon's static dipole polarisabilities from Compton scattering on few-nucleon targets, including new values; see Refs. [1-5] for details and a more thorough bibliography. Read More

The electromagnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon are fundamental properties that describe its response to external electric and magnetic fields. They can be extracted from Compton-scattering data --- and have been, with good accuracy, in the case of the proton. In contradistinction, information for the neutron requires the use of Compton scattering from nuclear targets. Read More

**Authors:**Harald W. Griesshammer

^{1}, Anatoly I. L'vov

^{2}, Judith A. McGovern

^{3}, Vladimir Pascalutsa

^{4}, Barbara Pasquini

^{5}, Daniel R. Phillips

^{6}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}George Washington U.,

^{2}Lebedev Physical Institute,

^{3}U. of Manchester,

^{4}U. Mainz,

^{5}U. of Pavia,

^{6}Ohio U.

During the workshop "Compton Scattering off Protons and Light Nuclei: pinning down the nucleon polarisabilities" (ECT*, Trento, Italy, 29 July -- 2 August 2013, http://www.ectstar.eu/node/98), recent developments had been reviewed in experimental and theoretical studies of real and virtual Compton scattering, static and generalized dipole scalar and spin polarisabilities of nucleons, as well as related phenomena in physics of muonic atoms. Read More

We present a fit of the spin-independent electromagnetic polarisabilities of the proton to low-energy Compton scattering data in the framework of covariant baryon chiral effective field theory. Using the Baldin sum rule to constrain their sum, we obtain $\alpha=[10.6\pm0. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}George Washington U. and FZ Juelich, speaker,

^{2}Ohio U.,

^{3}U. of Manchester

Theory and prospects of Compton scattering on nucleons and light nuclei below 500 MeV are outlined; cf. Refs. [1-3]. Read More

We analyse the proton Compton-scattering differential cross section for photon energies up to 325 MeV using Chiral Effective Field Theory and extract new values for the electric and magnetic polarisabilities of the proton. Our EFT treatment builds in the key physics in two different regimes: photon energies around the pion mass ("low energy") and the higher energies where the Delta(1232) resonance plays a key role. The Compton amplitude is complete at N4L0, O(e^2 delta^4), in the low-energy region, and at NLO, O(e^2 delta^0), in the resonance region. Read More

We discuss the application of an effective field theory (EFT) which incorporates the chiral symmetry of QCD to Compton scattering from the proton and deuteron. We describe the chiral EFT analysis of the proton Compton scattering database presented in our recent review (arXiv:1203.6834), which gives: alpha^{(p)}=10. Read More

We compare the predictions of different variants of chiral effective field theory for the gamma-p elastic scattering differential cross section. We pay particular attention to the role of pion loops, and the impact that a heavy-baryon expansion has on the behavior of those loops. We also correct erroneous results for these loops that were published in Phys. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Manchester,

^{2}Manchester

We calculate the amplitude T_1 for forward doubly-virtual Compton scattering in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, to fourth order in the chiral expansion and with the leading contribution of the gammaNDelta form factor. This provides a model-independent expression for the amplitude in the low-momentum region, which is the dominant one for its contribution to the Lamb shift. It allows us to significantly reduce the theoretical uncertainty in the proton polarisability contributions to the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen. Read More

**Authors:**Harald W. Griesshammer

^{1}, Judith A. McGovern

^{2}, Daniel R. Phillips

^{3}, Gerald Feldman

^{4}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}George Washington U.,

^{2}U. of Manchester,

^{3}Ohio U.,

^{4}George Washington U.

Compton scattering provides important insight into the structure of the nucleon. For photons up to about 300 MeV, it is parameterised by six dynamical dipole polarisabilities which characterise the response of the nucleon to a monochromatic photon of fixed frequency and multipolarity. Their zero-energy limit yields the well-known static electric and magnetic dipole polarisabilities \alpha and \beta, and the four dipole spin polarisabilities. Read More

We report on a chiral effective field theory calculation of Compton scattering from the proton. Our calculation includes pions, nucleons, and the Delta(1232) as explicit degrees of freedom. It uses the "delta expansion", and so implements the hierarchy of scales m_pi < M_Delta-M_N < Lambda_chi. Read More

In this paper we explore the time-reversal-odd triple-correlation coefficient in neutron beta decay, the so-called "D coefficient", using heavy-baryon effective field theory with photon degrees of freedom. We find that this framework allows us to reproduce the known results for the contribution which comes from final-state interactions, and also to discuss higher-order corrections. In particular we are able to show that in the heavy-baryon limit all electromagnetic contributions vanish. Read More

A particular discrete rhombohedral lattice consisting of four symmetrically interlaced cuboctahedral point lattices is described that is interesting because of the high degree of symmetry it exhibits. The four constituent cuboctahedral lattices are denoted by four colours and the composite lattice is referred to as a 4-colour rhombohedral lattice. Each point of the 4-colour lattice can be referenced by an integer 4-tuple containing only the positive non-zero integers (the counting numbers). Read More

Some highly speculative and serendipitous ideas that might relate thermodynamics, spacetime, shape and symmetry are brought together. A hypothetical spacetime comprising a pointwise lattice with a fixed metric is considered. If there were absolute symmetry between displacement and time it is suggested that the velocity of light would be an integer conversion factor between the units of these quantities. Read More

A number of papers recently have used fourth-order chiral perturbation theory to extrapolate lattice data for the nucleon mass; the process seems surprisingly successful even for large pion masses. This paper shows that the inclusion of the fifth-order terms spoils the agreement. Read More

The exact renormalization group methods is applied to many fermion systems with short-range attractive force. The strength of the attractive fermion-fermion interaction is determined from the vacuum scattering length. A set of approximate flow equations is derived including fermionic and bosonic fluctuations. Read More

We study the application of the exact renormalisation group to a many-fermion system with a short-range attractive force. We introduce a boson field to describe pairing effects, and take a simple ansatz for the effective action. We derive a set of approximate flow equations for the effective coupling including boson and fermionic fluctuations. Read More

We study Compton scattering in systems with A=1 and 2 using chiral perturbation theory up to fourth order. For the proton we fit the two undetermined parameters in the O(Q^4) $\gamma$p amplitude of McGovern to experimental data in the region $\omega,\sqrt{|t|} \leq 180$ MeV, obtaining a chi^2/d.o. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

Peripheral nucleon-nucleon scattering is analysed in the framework of an effective field theory. Distorted-wave methods are used to remove the effects of one-pion exchange. Two-pion exchange and recoil corrections to one-pion exchange are then subtracted pertubatively. Read More

An effective field theory is used to give a model-independent description of Compton scattering at energies comparable to the pion mass. The amplitudes for scattering on the proton and the deuteron, calculated to fourth order in small momenta in chiral perturbation theory, contain four undetermined parameters that are in one-to-one correspondence with the nucleon polarizabilities. These polarizabilities are extracted from fits to data on elastic photon scattering on hydrogen and deuterium. Read More

Effective field theory requires all observables to be independent of the representation used for the quantum field operators. It means that off-shell properties of the interactions should not lead to any observable effects. We analyse this issue in the context of many-body approaches to nuclear matter, where it should be possible to shift the contributions of lowest order in purely off-shell two-body interactions into three-body forces. Read More

In this paper we study the effect of finite size on the two-flavour colour superconducting state. As well as restricting the quarks to a box, we project onto states of good baryon number and onto colour singlets, these being necessary restrictions on any observable ``quark nuggets''. We find that whereas finite size alone has a significant effect for very small boxes, with the superconducting state often being destroyed, the effect of projection is to restore it again. Read More

The propagation of low-momentum baryons through QCD matter at low isospin density is studied using chiral perturbation theory. When the isospin chemical potential exceeds a critical value, the dispersion relation for the lowest nucleon mode becomes anomalous near zero momentum---increasing momentum yields decreasing energy---so that the momentum for the lowest energy state, p_min, becomes nonzero. This can be interpreted as a new phase of QCD, with p_min serving as the order parameter and the kinetic mass (defined as the inverse of the second derivative of the energy with respect to the momentum at p_min) serving as the susceptibility. Read More

We present calculations of differential cross sections for Compton scattering from the proton, using amplitudes calculated to fourth order in heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory. We compare with available data up to 200 MeV. We find that the agreement for angles below 90 degree is acceptable over the whole energy range, but that at more backward angles the agreement decreases above about 100 MeV, and fails completely above the photoproduction threshold. Read More

We comment on the paper of Gellas et al, nucl-th/0002027, in which heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory results for the spin polarisabilities of the nucleon are given. That paper uses a definition which is different from the one used in papers by us, hep-ph/9908526, hep-ph/9909442 and hep-ph/0002133. In this comment we show that it is the latter definition, and not that of Gellas et al, that should be compared with the values of the polarisabilities extracted from dispersion relation analyses. Read More

We present a calculation of the fourth-order (NLO) contribution to spin-dependent Compton scattering in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, and we give results for the four spin polarisabilities. These results have been presented before, in hep-ph/0002133. Here we address the issue of whether one-particle reducible graphs in the heavy baryon theory contribute to the polarisabilities. Read More

We present a calculation of the fourth-order (NLO) contribution to spin-dependent Compton scattering in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, and we give results for the four spin polarisabilities. No low-energy constants, except for the anomalous magnetic moments of the nucleon, enter at this order. For forward scattering the fourth-order piece of the spin polarisability of the proton turns out to be almost twice the size of the leading piece, with the opposite sign. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester,

^{3}University of Manchester,

^{4}UMIST

We study the instabilities of quark matter in the framework of a generalized Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model, in order to explore possible competition between three-quark clustering to form nucleons and diquark formation leading to color superconductivity. Nucleon and $\Delta$ solutions are obtained for the relativistic Faddeev equation at finite density and their binding energies are compared with those for the scalar and axial-vector diquarks found from the Bethe-Salpeter equation. In a model with interactions in both scalar and axial diquark channels, bound nucleons exist up to nuclear matter density. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester,

^{3}University of Manchester

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

A Wilsonian renormalisation group is used to study nonrelativistic two-body scattering by a short-ranged potential. We identify two fixed points: a trivial one and one describing systems with a bound state at zero energy. The eigenvalues of the linearised renormalisation group are used to assign a systematic power-counting to terms in the potential near each of these fixed points. Read More

We present a calculation of the fourth-order (NLO) contribution to spin-dependent forward Compton scattering in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory. No low-energy constants, except for the anomalous magnetic moments of the nucleon, enter at this order. The fourth-order piece of the spin polarisability of the proton turns out to be almost twice the size of the leading piece, with the opposite sign. Read More

The leading order contributions of processes involving anomalous pion-photon vertices to forward spin-dependent Compton scattering from nucleons are considered in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory. These all involve the exchange of three pions between one or two photons and the nucleon, and hence are two-loop processes. We find that the sum of these processes vanishes in the manner predicted by the low energy theorem of Low, Gell-Mann and Goldberger as the photon energy goes to zero. Read More

We study the nucleon solution of the relativistic Faddeev equation as a function of density in the framework of a generalized Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We truncate the interacting two-body channels to the scalar diquark channel, the coupling constant of which is treated as a parameter. A 3-momentum cut-off is used to regularize the model. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester,

^{3}University of Manchester

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Nonrelativistic two-body scattering by a short-ranged potential is studied using the renormalisation group. Two fixed points are identified: a trivial one and one describing systems with a bound state at zero energy. The eigenvalues of the linearised renormalisation group are used to assign a systematic power-counting to terms in the potential near each of these fixed points. Read More

(New version with some expanded discussion; figures and minor typos corrected.) We have calculated the contribution proportional to the fifth power of the pion mass in the chiral expansion of the nucleon mass in two flavour HBCPT. Only one irreducible two-loop integral enters, and this vanishes. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester,

^{3}University of Manchester

Nonrelativistic two-body scattering by a short-ranged potential is studied using the renormalisation group. Two fixed points are identified: a trivial one and one describing systems with a bound state at zero energy. The eigenvalues of the linearised renormalisation group are used to assign a systematic power-counting to terms in the potential near each of these fixed points. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester

We propose a self-consistant approach to the treatment of nuclear matter as a crystal of solitons in the Wigner-Seitz approximation. Specifically, we use a Bloch-like boundary condition on the quarks at the edge of a spherical cell which allows the dispersion relation for a given radius to be calculated self-consistently along with the meson fields; in previous work some ansatz for the dispersion relation has always been an input. Results in all models are very sensitive to the form of the dispersion relation, so our approach represents a significant advance. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester,

^{3}University of Manchester

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The renormalisation of NN scattering in theories with zero-range interactions is examined using a cut-off regularisation and taking the cut-off to infinity. Inclusion of contact interactions that depend on energy as well as momentum allows the effective range to be fitted to experiment with any desired sign or magnitude. However, power counting breaks down: terms of different orders in the potential can contribute to the scattering amplitude at the same order. Read More

Group-theoretic arguments are used to determine the dependence of two-point correlators of quark bilinears on the current quark masses. The leading difference between $\pi$ and $\delta$ correlators is found to be of order $m_s$ times a U(1)$_{\scriptscriptstyle A}$-violating correlator. These general arguments are consistent with Schaefer's observation that if U(1)$_{\scriptscriptstyle A}$ violation persists to high enough temperatures then the strange $\eta$ can be lighter than the non-strange one. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U. of Manchester,

^{2}U. of Maryland,

^{3}U. of Manchester

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

Simple group-theoretical arguments are used to demonstrated that in the high temperature (chirally restored) phase of QCD with N massless flavours, all n-point correlation functions of quark bilinears are invariant under U(1) axial transformations provided n < N. In particular this implies that the two-point correlation function in the eta' channel is identical to that in the pion channel for N > 2. Unlike previous work, this result does not depend on the topological properties of QCD and can be formulated without explicit reference to functional integrals. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Manchester,

^{2}University of Manchester

Baryon magnetic moments are calculated in the colour-dielectric model with pion and kaon loops. The only free parameter of the model is determined from the nucleon isoscalar radius, and all SU(3) symmetry breaking, including that in the quark sector, is determined by mesonic masses and decay constants. Good agreement with experiment is obtained for the ratios of the magnetic moments, but the inclusion of kaons does not improve the results. Read More