I. Gogoladze - Delaware University, Bartol Inst.

I. Gogoladze
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Name
I. Gogoladze
Affiliation
Delaware University, Bartol Inst.
Country
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (9)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)

Publications Authored By I. Gogoladze

Giving up the solutions to the fine-tuning problems, we propose the non-supersymmetric flipped $SU(5)\times U(1)_X$ model based on the minimal particle content principle, which can be constructed from the four-dimensional $SO(10)$ models, five-dimensional orbifold $SO(10)$ models, and local F-theory $SO(10)$ models. To achieve gauge coupling unification, we introduce one pair of vector-like fermions, which form complete $SU(5)\times U(1)_X$ representation. Proton lifetime is around $5\times 10^{35}$ years, neutrino masses and mixing can be explained via seesaw mechanism, baryon asymmetry can be generated via leptogenesis, and vacuum stability problem can be solved as well. Read More

We study the possibility of radiative electroweak symmetry breaking where loop corrections to the mass parameter of the Higgs boson trigger the symmetry breaking in various extensions of the Standard Model (SM). Although the mechanism fails in the SM, it is shown to be quite successful in several extensions which share a common feature of having an additional scalar around the TeV scale. The positive Higgs mass parameter at a high energy scale is turned negative in the renormalization group flow to lower energy by the cross couplings between the scalars in the Higgs potential. Read More

We explored the sparticle mass spectrum in light of the muon g-2 anomaly and the little hierarchy problem in a class of gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking model. Here the messenger fields transform in the adjoint representation of the Standard Model gauge symmetry. To avoid unacceptably light right-handed slepton masses the standard model is supplemented by additional U(1)_B-L gauge symmetry. Read More

We present a class of models in the framework of gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking where the messenger fields transform in the adjoint representation of the Standard Model gauge symmetry. To avoid unacceptably light right-handed sleptons in the spectrum we introduce a non-zero U(1)_B-L D-term. This leads to an additional contribution to the soft supersymmetry breaking mass terms which makes the right-handed slepton masses compatible with the current experimental bounds. Read More

We consider the $SU(6)$ GUT model as an explanation for the diphoton final state excess, where the masses of all associated particles are linked with a new symmetry breaking scale. In this model, the diphoton final states arise due to loops involving three pairs of new vector-like particles having the same quantum numbers as down-type quarks and lepton doublets. These new vector-like fermions are embedded alongside the SM fermions into minimal anomaly-free representations of the $SU(6)$ gauge symmetry. Read More

We consider the diphoton resonance at the 13 TeV LHC in the context of SU(5) grand unification. A leading candidate to explain this resonance is a standard model singlet scalar decaying to a pair of photon by means of vector-like fermionic loops. We demonstrate the effect of the vector-like multiplets (5, 5 bar) and (10, 10 bar) on the evolution of the gauge couplings and perturbatively evaluate the weak scale values of the new couplings and masses run down from the unification scale. Read More

We consider the diphoton resonance at the 13 TeV LHC in a consistent model with new scalars and vector-like fermions added to the Standard Model (SM), which can be constructed from orbifold grand unified theories and string models. The gauge coupling unification can be achieved, neutrino masses can be generated radiatively, and electroweak vacuum stability problem can be solved. To explain the diphoton resonance, we study a spin-0 particle, and discuss various associated final states. Read More

We present a class of models in the framework of gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking where the standard model is supplemented by additional U(1) symmetry which acts only on the third generation fermions. The messenger fields carry non-trivial U(1) charge and are vector-like particles under this symmetry. This leads to additional contribution to the soft supersymmetry breaking mass terms for the third generation squarks and sleptons. Read More

We study the muon $(g-2)_{\mu}$ anomaly in light of neutralino dark matter and the LHC. We scan the MSSM parameters relevant to $(g-2)_{\mu}$ and focus on three distinct cases with different neutralino compositions. We find that the 2$\sigma$ range of $(g-2)_{\mu}$ requires the smuon ($\tilde{\mu}_1$) to be lighter than $\sim$ 500 (1000) GeV for $\tan \beta=10\,(50)$. Read More

We explore the implications of t-b-tau (and b-tau) Yukawa coupling unification condition on the fundamental parameter space and sparticle spectroscopy in the minimal gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking (mGMSB) model. We find that this scenario prefers values of the CP-odd Higgs mass m_A > 1 TeV, with all colored sparticle masses above 3 TeV. These predictions will be hard to test at LHC13 but they may be testable at HE-LHC 33 TeV or a 100 TeV collider. Read More

We study a GUT-inspired supersymmetric model with non-universal gaugino masses that can explain the observed muon g-2 anomaly while simultaneously accommodating an enhancement or suppression in the h \rightarrow\gamma\gamma decay channel. In order to accommodate these observations and m_h \simeq 125-126 GeV, the model requires a spectrum consisting of relatively light sleptons whereas the colored sparticles are heavy. The predicted stau mass range corresponding to R_{\gamma \gamma}\ge 1. Read More

We present some R-parity conserving supersymmetric models which can accommodate the 3.5 keV X-ray line reported in recent spectral studies of the Perseus galaxy cluster and the Andromeda galaxy. Within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) framework, the dark matter (DM) gravitino (or the axino) with mass of around 7 keV decays into a massless neutralino (bino) and a photon with lifetime ~10^{28} sec. Read More

We discuss the sparticle (and Higgs) spectrum in a class of flavor symmetry-based minimal supersymmetric standard models, referred to here as sMSSM. In this framework the SUSY breaking Lagrangian takes the most general form consistent with a grand unified symmetry such as SO(10) and a non-Abelian flavor symmetry acting on the three families with either a 2+1 or a 3 family assignment. Models based on gauged SU(2) and SO(3) flavor symmetry, as well as non-Abelian discrete symmetries such as S_3 and A_4, have been suggested which fall into this category. Read More

We present a class of supersymmetric models in which symmetry considerations alone dictate the form of the soft SUSY breaking Lagrangian. We develop a class of minimal models, denoted as sMSSM -- for flavor symmetry-based minimal supersymmetric standard model, which respect a grand unified symmetry such as SO(10) and a non-Abelian flavor symmetry H which suppresses SUSY-induced flavor violation. Explicit examples are constructed with the flavor symmetry being gauged SU(2)_H and SO(3)_H with the three families transforming as 2 + 1 and 3 representations respectively. Read More

We consider two classes of supersymmetric models with nonuniversal gaugino masses at M_GUT in an attempt to resolve the apparent muon g-2 anomaly encountered in the Standard Model. We explore two distinct scenarios, one in which all gaugino masses have the same sign at M_GUT, and a second case with opposite sign gaugino masses. The sfermion masses in both cases are assumed to be universal at M_GUT. Read More

We consider two distinct classes of Yukawa unified supersymmetric SO(10) models with non-universal and universal soft supersymmetry breaking (SSB) gaugino masses at M_{\rm GUT}. In both cases, we assume that the third family SSB sfermion masses at M_{\rm GUT} are different from the corresponding sfermion masses of the first two families (which are equal). For the SO(10) model with essentially arbitrary (non-universal) gaugino masses at M_{\rm GUT}, it is shown that t-b-\tau Yukawa coupling unification is compatible, among other things, with the 125 GeV Higgs boson mass, the WMAP relic dark matter density, and with the resolution of the apparent muon g-2 anomaly. Read More

We study the implications for bounds on the top quark pole mass m_t in models with low scale supersymmetry following the discovery of the Standard Model-like Higgs boson. In the minimal supersymmetric standard model, we find that m_t >= 164 GeV, if the light CP even Higgs boson mass m_h = 125 +-2 GeV. We also explore the top quark and Higgs boson masses in two classes of supersymmetric SO(10) models with t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification at M_GUT. Read More

We study the implications of the inverse seesaw mechanism (ISS) on the sparticle spectrum in the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (CMSSM) and Non-Universal Higgs Model (NUHM2). Employing the maximal value of the Dirac Yukawa coupling involving the up type Higgs doublet provides a 2-3 GeV enhancement of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass. This effect permits one to have lighter colored sparticles in the CMSSM and NUHM2 scenarios with LSP neutralino, which can be tested at LHC14. Read More

This report, prepared for the Community Planning Study - Snowmass 2013 - summarizes the theoretical motivations and the experimental efforts to search for baryon number violation, focussing on nucleon decay and neutron-antineutron oscillations. Present and future nucleon decay search experiments using large underground detectors, as well as planned neutron-antineutron oscillation search experiments with free neutron beams are highlighted. Read More

2013Oct

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

We discuss ways to probe t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification condition at the Energy and Intensity frontiers. We consider non-universal soft supersymmetry breaking mass terms for gauginos related by the SO(10) grand unified theory (GUT). We have previously shown that t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification prefers a mass of around 125 GeV for the Standard Model-like Higgs boson with all colored sparticle masses above 3 TeV. Read More

We study the low energy implications, especially the particle spectroscopy, of SO(10) grand unification in which the SO(10) symmetry is broken to the Standard Model gauge group with a single pair of (144+\bar144) dimensional Higgs multiplet (unified Higgs sector). In this class of models, the asymptotic relation Y_b \approx Y_\tau \approx Y_t/6 among the third generation quark and lepton Yukawa couplings can be derived. This relation leads to the prediction \tan\beta \approx 14, where \tan\beta is the well known MSSM parameter. Read More

In certain five dimensional gauge theories compactified on the orbifold $S^1/Z_2$ the Standard Model Higgs doublet is identified with the zero mode of the fifth component of the gauge field. This gauge-Higgs unification scenario is realized at high energies, and the Standard Model as an effective theory below the compactification scale satisfies the boundary condition that the Higgs quartic coupling vanishes at the compactification scale (gauge-Higgs condition). This is because at energies above the compactification scale, the five dimensional gauge invariance is restored and the Higgs potential vanishes as a consequence. Read More

We consider an SO(10) grand unified theory in which the ratio of the SU(2)_W and SU(3)_c gaugino masses satisfy M_2/M_3 \approx 3, which results in the realization of natural supersymmetry. In the MSSM parameter space this relation looks artificial, but in the SO(10) case it results from a field with a designated vacuum expectation value. We consider two models, namely M_1:M_2:M_3=-1/5:3:1 (Case I), and M_1:M_2:M_3=-5:3:1 (Case II). Read More

We revisit a class of supersymmetric SO(10) models with t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification condition, with emphasis on the prediction of the Higgs mass. We discuss qualitative features in this model that lead to a Higgs mass prediction close to 125 GeV. We show this with two distinct computing packages, Isajet and SuSpect, and also show that they yield similar global features in the parameter space of this model. Read More

We demonstrate that natural supersymmetry is readily realized in the framework of SU(4)_c \times SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R with non-universal gaugino masses. Focusing on ameliorating the little hierarchy problem, we explore the parameter space of this model which yields small fine-tuning measuring parameters (natural supersymmetry) at the electroweak scale (\Delta_{EW}) as well as at high scale (\Delta_{HS}). It is possible to have both \Delta_{EW} and \Delta_{HS} less than 100 in these models, (2 % or better fine-tuning), while keeping the light CP-even (Standard Model-like) Higgs mass in the 123 GeV-127 GeV range. Read More

We consider extensions of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) in which the observed neutrino masses are generated through a TeV scale inverse seesaw mechanism. The new particles associated with this mechanism can have sizable couplings to the Higgs field which can yield a large contribution to the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson. With this new contribution, a 126 GeV Higgs is possible along with order of 200 GeV masses for the stop quarks for a broad range of \tan\beta. Read More

We study the implications of light third generation sparticles on the production cross section and decay widths of a light CP-even Higgs boson. For simplicity, we consider scenarios in which only one of the sfermions from the third generation is light. For each case, we attempt to explain the apparently large enhancement in the Higgs production and decay in the diphoton channel with small deviations in the ZZ channel. Read More

2012May
Authors: J. L. Hewett, H. Weerts, R. Brock, J. N. Butler, B. C. K. Casey, J. Collar, A. de Gouvea, R. Essig, Y. Grossman, W. Haxton, J. A. Jaros, C. K. Jung, Z. T. Lu, K. Pitts, Z. Ligeti, J. R. Patterson, M. Ramsey-Musolf, J. L. Ritchie, A. Roodman, K. Scholberg, C. E. M. Wagner, G. P. Zeller, S. Aefsky, A. Afanasev, K. Agashe, C. Albright, J. Alonso, C. Ankenbrandt, M. Aoki, C. A. Arguelles, N. Arkani-Hamed, J. R. Armendariz, C. Armendariz-Picon, E. Arrieta Diaz, J. Asaadi, D. M. Asner, K. S. Babu, K. Bailey, O. Baker, B. Balantekin, B. Baller, M. Bass, B. Batell, J. Beacham, J. Behr, N. Berger, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, R. Bernstein, A. J. Bevan, M. Bishai, M. Blanke, S. Blessing, A. Blondel, T. Blum, G. Bock, A. Bodek, G. Bonvicini, F. Bossi, J. Boyce, R. Breedon, M. Breidenbach, S. J. Brice, R. A. Briere, S. Brodsky, C. Bromberg, A. Bross, T. E. Browder, D. A. Bryman, M. Buckley, R. Burnstein, E. Caden, P. Campana, R. Carlini, G. Carosi, C. Castromonte, R. Cenci, I. Chakaberia, M. C. Chen, C. H. Cheng, B. Choudhary, N. H. Christ, E. Christensen, M. E. Christy, T. E. Chupp, E. Church, D. B. Cline, T. E. Coan, P. Coloma, J. Comfort, L. Coney, J. Cooper, R. J. Cooper, R. Cowan, D. F. Cowen, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Datta, G. S. Davies, M. Demarteau, D. P. DeMille, A. Denig, R. Dermisek, A. Deshpande, M. S. Dewey, R. Dharmapalan, J. Dhooghe, M. R. Dietrich, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, S. Dobbs, M. Duraisamy, B. Dutta, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, M. Eads, B. Echenard, S. R. Elliott, C. Escobar, J. Fajans, S. Farooq, C. Faroughy, J. E. Fast, B. Feinberg, J. Felde, G. Feldman, P. Fierlinger, P. Fileviez Perez, B. Filippone, P. Fisher, B. T. Flemming, K. T. Flood, R. Forty, M. J. Frank, A. Freyberger, A. Friedland, R. Gandhi, K. S. Ganezer, A. Garcia, F. G. Garcia, S. Gardner, L. Garrison, A. Gasparian, S. Geer, V. M. Gehman, T. Gershon, M. Gilchriese, C. Ginsberg, I. Gogoladze, M. Gonderinger, M. Goodman, H. Gould, M. Graham, P. W. Graham, R. Gran, J. Grange, G. Gratta, J. P. Green, H. Greenlee, R. C. Group, E. Guardincerri, V. Gudkov, R. Guenette, A. Haas, A. Hahn, T. Han, T. Handler, J. C. Hardy, R. Harnik, D. A. Harris, F. A. Harris, P. G. Harris, J. Hartnett, B. He, B. R. Heckel, K. M. Heeger, S. Henderson, D. Hertzog, R. Hill, E. A Hinds, D. G. Hitlin, R. J. Holt, N. Holtkamp, G. Horton-Smith, P. Huber, W. Huelsnitz, J. Imber, I. Irastorza, J. Jaeckel, I. Jaegle, C. James, A. Jawahery, D. Jensen, C. P. Jessop, B. Jones, H. Jostlein, T. Junk, A. L. Kagan, M. Kalita, Y. Kamyshkov, D. M. Kaplan, G. Karagiorgi, A. Karle, T. Katori, B. Kayser, R. Kephart, S. Kettell, Y. K. Kim, M. Kirby, K. Kirch, J. Klein, J. Kneller, A. Kobach, M. Kohl, J. Kopp, M. Kordosky, W. Korsch, I. Kourbanis, A. D. Krisch, P. Krizan, A. S. Kronfeld, S. Kulkarni, K. S. Kumar, Y. Kuno, T. Kutter, T. Lachenmaier, M. Lamm, J. Lancaster, M. Lancaster, C. Lane, K. Lang, P. Langacker, S. Lazarevic, T. Le, K. Lee, K. T. Lesko, Y. Li, M. Lindgren, A. Lindner, J. Link, D. Lissauer, L. S. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, C. Y. Liu, W. Loinaz, W. Lorenzon, W. C. Louis, J. Lozier, L. Ludovici, L. Lueking, C. Lunardini, D. B. MacFarlane, P. A. N. Machado, P. B. Mackenzie, J. Maloney, W. J. Marciano, W. Marsh, M. Marshak, J. W. Martin, C. Mauger, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, G. McLaughlin, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, B. T. Meadows, R. Mehdiyev, D. Melconian, H. Merkel, M. Messier, J. P. Miller, G. Mills, U. K. Minamisono, S. R. Mishra, I. Mocioiu, S. Moed Sher, R. N. Mohapatra, B. Monreal, C. D. Moore, J. G. Morfin, J. Mousseau, L. A. Moustakas, G. Mueller, P. Mueller, M. Muether, H. P. Mumm, C. Munger, H. Murayama, P. Nath, O. Naviliat-Cuncin, J. K. Nelson, D. Neuffer, J. S. Nico, A. Norman, D. Nygren, Y. Obayashi, T. P. O'Connor, Y. Okada, J. Olsen, L. Orozco, J. L. Orrell, J. Osta, B. Pahlka, J. Paley, V. Papadimitriou, M. Papucci, S. Parke, R. H. Parker, Z. Parsa, K. Partyka, A. Patch, J. C. Pati, R. B. Patterson, Z. Pavlovic, G. Paz, G. N. Perdue, D. Perevalov, G. Perez, R. Petti, W. Pettus, A. Piepke, M. Pivovaroff, R. Plunkett, C. C. Polly, M. Pospelov, R. Povey, A. Prakesh, M. V. Purohit, S. Raby, J. L. Raaf, R. Rajendran, S. Rajendran, G. Rameika, R. Ramsey, A. Rashed, B. N. Ratcliff, B. Rebel, J. Redondo, P. Reimer, D. Reitzner, F. Ringer, A. Ringwald, S. Riordan, B. L. Roberts, D. A. Roberts, R. Robertson, F. Robicheaux, M. Rominsky, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, C. Rott, P. Rubin, N. Saito, M. Sanchez, S. Sarkar, H. Schellman, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitt, D. W. Schmitz, J. Schneps, A. Schopper, P. Schuster, A. J. Schwartz, M. Schwarz, J. Seeman, Y. K. Semertzidis, K. K. Seth, Q. Shafi, P. Shanahan, R. Sharma, S. R. Sharpe, M. Shiozawa, V. Shiltsev, K. Sigurdson, P. Sikivie, J. Singh, D. Sivers, T. Skwarnicki, N. Smith, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, Y. H. Song, A. Soni, P. Souder, A. Sousa, J. Spitz, M. Stancari, G. C. Stavenga, J. H. Steffen, S. Stepanyan, D. Stoeckinger, S. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strassler, I. A. Sulai, R. Sundrum, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, T. Takeuchi, P. Tanedo, S. Taneja, J. Tang, D. B. Tanner, R. Tayloe, I. Taylor, J. Thomas, C. Thorn, X. Tian, B. G. Tice, M. Tobar, N. Tolich, N. Toro, I. S. Towner, Y. Tsai, R. Tschirhart, C. D. Tunnell, M. Tzanov, A. Upadhye, J. Urheim, S. Vahsen, A. Vainshtein, E. Valencia, R. G. Van de Water, R. S. Van de Water, M. Velasco, J. Vogel, P. Vogel, W. Vogelsang, Y. W. Wah, D. Walker, N. Weiner, A. Weltman, R. Wendell, W. Wester, M. Wetstein, C. White, L. Whitehead, J. Whitmore, E. Widmann, G. Wiedemann, J. Wilkerson, G. Wilkinson, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, W. Winter, M. B. Wise, J. Wodin, S. Wojcicki, B. Wojtsekhowski, T. Wongjirad, E. Worcester, J. Wurtele, T. Xin, J. Xu, T. Yamanaka, Y. Yamazaki, I. Yavin, J. Yeck, M. Yeh, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, A. Young, E. Zimmerman, K. Zioutas, M. Zisman, J. Zupan, R. Zwaska

The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. Read More

We explore the implications of a 124-126 GeV CP-even Higgs boson on the fundamental parameter space and sparticle spectroscopy of the minimal gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking (mGMSB) scenario. The above mass for the Higgs boson yields stringent lower bounds on the sparticle masses in this class of models. The lightest neutralino and stau masses lie close to 1. Read More

We identify a class of supersymmetric SU(4)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R models in which imposing essentially perfect t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification at M_GUT yields a mass close to 122-126 GeV for the lightest CP-even (SM-like) Higgs boson. The squark and gluino masses in these models exceed 3 TeV, but the stau and charginos in some cases can be considerably lighter. We display some benchmark points corresponding to neutralino-stau and bino-wino coannihilations as well as A-resonance. Read More

2012Jan
Affiliations: 1Oklahoma U., 2Delaware U., Bartol Inst., 3Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst., 4Delaware U., Bartol Inst., 5Delaware U., Bartol Inst.

Supersymmetric grand unified models based on the gauge group SU(5) often require in addition to gauge coupling unification, the unification of b-quark and $\tau$-lepton Yukawa couplings. We examine SU(5) SUSY GUT parameter space under the condition of $b-\tau$ Yukawa coupling unification using 2-loop MSSM RGEs including full 1-loop threshold effects. The Yukawa-unified solutions break down into two classes. Read More

We present a new class of unified SO(10) models where the GUT symmetry breaking down to the standard model gauge group involves just one scale, in contrast to the conventional SO(10) models which require two scales. Further, the models we discuss possess a natural doublet-triplet splitting via the missing partner mechanism without fine tuning. Such models involve $560+\ov{560}$ pair of heavy Higgs fields along with a set of light fields. Read More

We employ the Yukawa coupling unification condition, y_t= y_b= y_tau at M_GUT, inspired by supersymmetric SO(10) models, to estimate the lightest Higgs boson mass as well as masses of the associated squarks and gluino. We employ non-universal soft masses, dictated by SO(10) symmetry, for the gauginos. Furthermore, the soft masses for the two scalar Higgs doublets are set equal at M_GUT, and in some examples these are equal to the soft masses for scalars in the matter multiplets. Read More

We identify within the SU(5) framework the minimum number of soft supersymmetry breaking parameters which can yield a bottom squrak (sbottom) as the next to lightest supersymmetric particle. We focus in particular on the neutralino-sbottom coannihilation scenario which gives rise to the desired neutralino dark matter relic density. We find solutions in which the sbottom mass is greater than or of order 210 GeV, while the gluino and the first two family squarks are heavier than 1 TeV. Read More

We consider the low energy implications including particle spectroscopy of SO(10) inspired t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification with mu < 0, where mu is the coefficient of the bilinear Higgs mixing term of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). We imploy non-universal MSSM gaugino masses induced by SO(10) invariant dimension five operators, such that the total number of fundamental parameters is precisely the same as in Yukawa unified supersymmetric SO(10) models with universal gaugino masses and mu > 0. We find that t-b-tau Yukawa unification with mu < 0 is compatible with the current experimental bounds, including the WMAP bound on neutralino dark matter and the measured value of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. Read More

We consider two classes of t-b-tau quasi-Yukawa unification scenarios which can arise from realistic supersymmetric SO(10) and SU(4)_C X SU(2)_L X SU(2)_R models. We show that these scenarios can be successfully implemented in the CMSSM and NUHM1 frameworks, and yields a variety of sparticle spectra with WMAP compatible neutralino dark matter. In NUHM1 we find bino-higgsino dark matter as well as the stau coannihilation and A-funnel solutions. Read More

We show that b-tau Yukawa unification can be successfully implemented in the constrained minimal supersymmetric model and it yields the stop co-annihilation scenario.The lightest supersymmetric particle is a bino-like dark matter neutralino, which is accompanied by a 10-20% heavier stop of mass ~ 100-330 GeV. We highlight some benchmark points which show a gluino with mass ~0. Read More

We explore the Higgs and sparticle spectroscopy of supersymmetric SU(4)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R models in which the three MSSM gauge couplings and third family (t-b-tau) Yukawa couplings are all unified at M_GUT. This class of models can be obtained via compactification of a higher dimensional theory. Allowing for opposite sign gaugino masses and varying m_t within 1 sigma of its current central value yields a variety of gauge-Yukawa unification as well as WMAP compatible neutralino dark matter solutions. Read More

We consider two classes of supersymmetric flipped SU(5) models with gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking such that the thermal neutralino relic abundance provides the observed dark matter density in the universe. We estimate the muon flux induced by neutrinos that arise from neutralino annihilations in the Sun and discuss prospects for detecting this flux in the IceCube/Deep Core experiment. We also provide comparisons with the corresponding fluxes in the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model and non-universal Higgs models. Read More

If the lightest dark matter neutralino has a sufficiently large Higgsino component, its spin-independent and spin-dependent cross sections on nucleons can be sizable enough to be detected soon in direct and indirect surveys. We outline in this paper some characteristic features expected of mixed bino-Higgsino dark matter. If the observed relic density is saturated by the bino-Higgsino dark matter, it fixes the amount of allowable bino-Higgsino mixing and provides predictions for other observables which can be tested at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More

We show compatibility with all known experimental constraints of t-b-tau Yukawa coupling unification in supersymmetric SU(4)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R which has non-universal gaugino masses and the MSSM parameter mu < 0. In particular, the relic neutralino abundance satisfies the WMAP bounds and Delta (g-2)_mu is in good agreement with the observations. We identify benchmark points for the sparticle spectra which can be tested at the LHC, including those associated with gluino and stau coannihilation channels, mixed bino-Higgsino state and the A-funnel region. Read More

Unification at M_{GUT}\sim 3\times 10^{16} GeV of the three Standard Model (SM) gauge couplings can be achieved by postulating the existence of a pair of vectorlike fermions carrying SM charges and masses of order 300 GeV -- 1 TeV. The presence of these fermions significantly modifies the vacuum stability and perturbativity bounds on the mass of the SM Higgs boson. The new vacuum stability bound in this extended SM is estimated to be 117 GeV, to be compared with the SM prediction of about 128 GeV. Read More

We consider a class of supersymmetric models containing baryon number violating processes such as observable neutron - antineutron oscillations that are mediated by color triplet diquark fields. For plausible values of the diquark-quark couplings, the scalar diquark with mass between a few hundred GeV and one TeV or so can be produced in the s-channel at the LHC and detected through its decay into a top quark and a hadronic jet. Read More

We investigate neutralino dark matter in supersymmetric flipped SU(5), focusing on candidates with masses of order 30 - 150 GeV and spin independent cross sections that are consistent with the most recent CDMS II results. We assume gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking and restrict the magnitude of the soft supersymmetry breaking mass parameters to 1 TeV or less. With non-universal soft gaugino and Higgs masses, and taking flipped SU(5) into account, we identify allowed regions of the parameter space and highlight some benchmark solutions including Higgs and sparticle spectroscopy. Read More

We explore extensions of the MSSM in which TeV scale vector-like multiplets can mediate observable n-anti-n oscillations, without causing conflict with the proton decay experiments, with a U(1) symmetry playing an important role. The colored vector-like particles, in particular, may be found at the LHC through some decay modes arising from their direct couplings to quarks. Read More

We identify a variety of coannihilation scenarios in a supersymmetric SU(4)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R model with discrete left-right symmetry. Non-universal gaugino masses, compatible with the gauge symmetry, play an essential role in realizing gluino and bino-wino coannihilation regions that are consistent with the WMAP dark matter constraints. We also explore regions of the parameter space in which the little hierarchy problem is partially resolved. Read More

The little hierarchy problem encountered in the constrained minimal supersymmetric model (CMSSM) can be ameliorated in supersymmetric models based on the gauge symmetry G_{422} \equiv SU(4)_c x SU(2)_L x SU(2)_R. The standard assumption in CMSSM (and in SU(5) and SO(10)) of universal gaugino masses can be relaxed in G_{422}, and this leads to a significant improvement in the degree of fine tuning required to implement radiative electroweak breaking in the presence of a characteristic supersymmetry breaking scale of around a TeV. Examples of Higgs and sparticle mass spectra realized with 10% fine tuning are presented. Read More

We discuss how the cosmic ray signals reported by the PAMELA and ATIC/PPB-BETS experiments may be understood in a Standard Model (SM) framework supplemented by type II seesaw and a stable SM singlet scalar boson as dark matter. A particle physics explanation of the 'boost' factor can be provided by including an additional SM singlet scalar field. Read More

We consider a left-right symmetric SU(4)_c \times SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R (4-2-2) model with gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking. We find that with 4-2-2 compatible non-universal gaugino masses, t-b-\tau Yukawa coupling unification is consistent with neutralino dark matter abundance and with constraints from collider experiments (except (g-2)_{\mu}). The gluino mass lies close to that of the lightest neutralino, so that the gluino co-annihilation channel plays an important role in determining the neutralino relic abundance. Read More