I. Garcia - Kapteyn Institute, Groningen

I. Garcia
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Name
I. Garcia
Affiliation
Kapteyn Institute, Groningen
City
Groningen
Country
Netherlands

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (17)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (15)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (5)
 
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (5)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (4)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (3)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (3)
 
Physics - Classical Physics (3)
 
Physics - General Physics (3)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (2)
 
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (2)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (2)
 
Statistics - Computation (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
Physics - Other (1)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Physics - Materials Science (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
 
Statistics - Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
 
Mathematics - Logic (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By I. Garcia

The clockwork mechanism is a means of naturally generating exponential hierarchies in theories without significant hierarchies among fundamental parameters. We emphasize the role of interactions in the clockwork mechanism, demonstrating that clockwork is an intrinsically abelian phenomenon precluded in non-abelian theories such as Yang-Mills, non-linear sigma models, and gravity. We also show that clockwork is not realized in extra-dimensional theories through purely geometric effects, but may be generated by physical localization of zero modes. Read More

In this paper we present the co-simulation of a PID class power converter controller and an electrical circuit by means of the waveform relaxation technique. The simulation of the controller model is characterized by a fixed-time stepping scheme reflecting its digital implementation, whereas a circuit simulation usually employs an adaptive time stepping scheme in order to account for a wide range of time constants within the circuit model. In order to maintain the characteristic of both models as well as to facilitate model replacement, we treat them separately by means of input/output relations and propose an application of a waveform relaxation algorithm. Read More

Titanium Oxynitride (TiOxNy) thin films are fabricated using reactive magnetron sputtering. The mechanism of their growth formation is explained and their optical properties are presented. The films grown when the level of residual Oxygen in the background vacuum was between 5E-9Torr to 20E-9Torr exhibit double Epsilon-Near-Zero (2-ENZ) behaviour with ENZ1 and ENZ2 wavelengths tunable in the 700-850 nm and in the 1100-1350 nm spectral ranges, respectively. Read More

It is shown that for controlled Moran constructions in $\mathbb{R}$, including the (sub) self-similar and more generally, (sub) self-conformal sets, the quasi-Assouad dimension coincides with the upper box dimension. This can be extended to some special classes of self-similar sets in higher dimensions. The connections between quasi-Assouad dimension and tangents are studied. Read More

The literature on communication-induced checkpointing presents a family of protocols that use logical clocks to control whether forced checkpoints must be taken. For many years, HMNR, also called Fully Informed (FI), was the most complex and efficient protocol of this family. The Lazy-FI protocol applies a lazy strategy that defers the increase of logical clocks, resulting in a protocol with better perfomance for distributed systems where processes can take basic checkpoints at different, asymmetric, rates. Read More

In this paper, we propose an optimized field/circuit coupling approach for the simulation of magnetothermal transients in superconducting magnets. The approach improves the convergence of the iterative coupling scheme between a magnetothermal partial differential model and an electrical lumped-element circuit. Such a multi-physics, multi-rate and multi-scale problem requires a consistent formulation and a dedicated framework to tackle the challenging transient effects occurring at both circuit and magnet level during normal operation and in case of faults. Read More

Tension between the Standard Model (SM) and data concerning $b \rightarrow s$ processes has become apparent. Most notoriously, concerning the $R_K$ ratio, which probes lepton non-universality in $b$ decays, and measurements involving the decays $B \rightarrow K^* \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $B_s \rightarrow \phi \mu^+ \mu^-$. Careful analysis of a wide range of $b \rightarrow s$ data shows that certain kinds of new physics can significantly ameliorate agreement with experiment. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: H. Abramowicz, A. Abusleme, K. Afanaciev, N. Alipour Tehrani, C. Balázs, Y. Benhammou, M. Benoit, B. Bilki, J. -J. Blaising, M. J. Boland, M. Boronat, O. Borysov, I. Božović-Jelisavčić, M. Buckland, S. Bugiel, P. N. Burrows, T. K. Charles, W. Daniluk, D. Dannheim, R. Dasgupta, M. Demarteau, M. A. Díaz Gutierrez, G. Eigen, K. Elsener, U. Felzmann, M. Firlej, E. Firu, T. Fiutowski, J. Fuster, M. Gabriel, F. Gaede, I. García, V. Ghenescu, J. Goldstein, S. Green, C. Grefe, M. Hauschild, C. Hawkes, D. Hynds, M. Idzik, G. Kačarević, J. Kalinowski, S. Kananov, W. Klempt, M. Kopec, M. Krawczyk, B. Krupa, M. Kucharczyk, S. Kulis, T. Laštovička, T. Lesiak, A. Levy, I. Levy, L. Linssen, S. Lukić, A. A. Maier, V. Makarenko, J. S. Marshall, K. Mei, G. Milutinović-Dumbelović, J. Moroń, A. Moszczyński, D. Moya, R. M. Münker, A. Münnich, A. T. Neagu, N. Nikiforou, K. Nikolopoulos, A. Nürnberg, M. Pandurović, B. Pawlik, E. Perez Codina, I. Peric, M. Petric, F. Pitters, S. G. Poss, T. Preda, D. Protopopescu, R. Rassool, S. Redford, J. Repond, A. Robson, P. Roloff, E. Ros, O. Rosenblat, A. Ruiz-Jimeno, A. Sailer, D. Schlatter, D. Schulte, N. Shumeiko, E. Sicking, F. Simon, R. Simoniello, P. Sopicki, S. Stapnes, R. Ström, J. Strube, K. P. Świentek, M. Szalay, M. Tesař, M. A. Thomson, J. Trenado, U. I. Uggerhøj, N. van der Kolk, E. van der Kraaij, M. Vicente Barreto Pinto, I. Vila, M. Vogel Gonzalez, M. Vos, J. Vossebeld, M. Watson, N. Watson, M. A. Weber, H. Weerts, J. D. Wells, L. Weuste, A. Winter, T. Wojtoń, L. Xia, B. Xu, A. F. Żarnecki, L. Zawiejski, I. -S. Zgura

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is an option for a future e+e- collider operating at centre-of-mass energies up to 3 TeV, providing sensitivity to a wide range of new physics phenomena and precision physics measurements at the energy frontier. This paper presents the Higgs physics reach of CLIC operating in three energy stages, sqrt(s) = 350 GeV, 1.4 TeV and 3 TeV. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: The CLIC, CLICdp collaborations, :, M. J. Boland, U. Felzmann, P. J. Giansiracusa, T. G. Lucas, R. P. Rassool, C. Balazs, T. K. Charles, K. Afanaciev, I. Emeliantchik, A. Ignatenko, V. Makarenko, N. Shumeiko, A. Patapenka, I. Zhuk, A. C. Abusleme Hoffman, M. A. Diaz Gutierrez, M. Vogel Gonzalez, Y. Chi, X. He, G. Pei, S. Pei, G. Shu, X. Wang, J. Zhang, F. Zhao, Z. Zhou, H. Chen, Y. Gao, W. Huang, Y. P. Kuang, B. Li, Y. Li, J. Shao, J. Shi, C. Tang, X. Wu, L. Ma, Y. Han, W. Fang, Q. Gu, D. Huang, X. Huang, J. Tan, Z. Wang, Z. Zhao, T. Laštovička, U. Uggerhoj, T. N. Wistisen, A. Aabloo, K. Eimre, K. Kuppart, S. Vigonski, V. Zadin, M. Aicheler, E. Baibuz, E. Brücken, F. Djurabekova, P. Eerola, F. Garcia, E. Haeggström, K. Huitu, V. Jansson, V. Karimaki, I. Kassamakov, A. Kyritsakis, S. Lehti, A. Meriläinen, R. Montonen, T. Niinikoski, K. Nordlund, K. Österberg, M. Parekh, N. A. Törnqvist, J. Väinölä, M. Veske, W. Farabolini, A. Mollard, O. Napoly, F. Peauger, J. Plouin, P. Bambade, I. Chaikovska, R. Chehab, M. Davier, W. Kaabi, E. Kou, F. LeDiberder, R. Pöschl, D. Zerwas, B. Aimard, G. Balik, J. -P. Baud, J. -J. Blaising, L. Brunetti, M. Chefdeville, C. Drancourt, N. Geoffroy, J. Jacquemier, A. Jeremie, Y. Karyotakis, J. M. Nappa, S. Vilalte, G. Vouters, A. Bernard, I. Peric, M. Gabriel, F. Simon, M. Szalay, N. van der Kolk, T. Alexopoulos, E. N. Gazis, N. Gazis, E. Ikarios, V. Kostopoulos, S. Kourkoulis, P. D. Gupta, P. Shrivastava, H. Arfaei, M. K. Dayyani, H. Ghasem, S. S. Hajari, H. Shaker, Y. Ashkenazy, H. Abramowicz, Y. Benhammou, O. Borysov, S. Kananov, A. Levy, I. Levy, O. Rosenblat, G. D'Auria, S. Di Mitri, T. Abe, A. Aryshev, T. Higo, Y. Makida, S. Matsumoto, T. Shidara, T. Takatomi, Y. Takubo, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, K. Ueno, J. Urakawa, A. Yamamoto, M. Yamanaka, R. Raboanary, R. Hart, H. van der Graaf, G. Eigen, J. Zalieckas, E. Adli, R. Lillestøl, L. Malina, J. Pfingstner, K. N. Sjobak, W. Ahmed, M. I. Asghar, H. Hoorani, S. Bugiel, R. Dasgupta, M. Firlej, T. A. Fiutowski, M. Idzik, M. Kopec, M. Kuczynska, J. Moron, K. P. Swientek, W. Daniluk, B. Krupa, M. Kucharczyk, T. Lesiak, A. Moszczynski, B. Pawlik, P. Sopicki, T. Wojtoń, L. Zawiejski, J. Kalinowski, M. Krawczyk, A. F. Żarnecki, E. Firu, V. Ghenescu, A. T. Neagu, T. Preda, I-S. Zgura, A. Aloev, N. Azaryan, J. Budagov, M. Chizhov, M. Filippova, V. Glagolev, A. Gongadze, S. Grigoryan, D. Gudkov, V. Karjavine, M. Lyablin, A. Olyunin, A. Samochkine, A. Sapronov, G. Shirkov, V. Soldatov, A. Solodko, E. Solodko, G. Trubnikov, I. Tyapkin, V. Uzhinsky, A. Vorozhtov, E. Levichev, N. Mezentsev, P. Piminov, D. Shatilov, P. Vobly, K. Zolotarev, I. Bozovic Jelisavcic, G. Kacarevic, S. Lukic, G. Milutinovic-Dumbelovic, M. Pandurovic, U. Iriso, F. Perez, M. Pont, J. Trenado, M. Aguilar-Benitez, J. Calero, L. Garcia-Tabares, D. Gavela, J. L. Gutierrez, D. Lopez, F. Toral, D. Moya, A. Ruiz Jimeno, I. Vila, T. Argyropoulos, C. Blanch Gutierrez, M. Boronat, D. Esperante, A. Faus-Golfe, J. Fuster, N. Fuster Martinez, N. Galindo Muñoz, I. García, J. Giner Navarro, E. Ros, M. Vos, R. Brenner, T. Ekelöf, M. Jacewicz, J. Ögren, M. Olvegård, R. Ruber, V. Ziemann, D. Aguglia, N. Alipour Tehrani, A. Andersson, F. Andrianala, F. Antoniou, K. Artoos, S. Atieh, R. Ballabriga Sune, M. J. Barnes, J. Barranco Garcia, H. Bartosik, C. Belver-Aguilar, A. Benot Morell, D. R. Bett, S. Bettoni, G. Blanchot, O. Blanco Garcia, X. A. Bonnin, O. Brunner, H. Burkhardt, S. Calatroni, M. Campbell, N. Catalan Lasheras, M. Cerqueira Bastos, A. Cherif, E. Chevallay, B. Constance, R. Corsini, B. Cure, S. Curt, B. Dalena, D. Dannheim, G. De Michele, L. De Oliveira, N. Deelen, J. P. Delahaye, T. Dobers, S. Doebert, M. Draper, F. Duarte Ramos, A. Dubrovskiy, K. Elsener, J. Esberg, M. Esposito, V. Fedosseev, P. Ferracin, A. Fiergolski, K. Foraz, A. Fowler, F. Friebel, J-F. Fuchs, C. A. Fuentes Rojas, A. Gaddi, L. Garcia Fajardo, H. Garcia Morales, C. Garion, L. Gatignon, J-C. Gayde, H. Gerwig, A. N. Goldblatt, C. Grefe, A. Grudiev, F. G. Guillot-Vignot, M. L. Gutt-Mostowy, M. Hauschild, C. Hessler, J. K. Holma, E. Holzer, M. Hourican, D. Hynds, Y. Inntjore Levinsen, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, M. Jonker, M. Kastriotou, J. M. K. Kemppinen, R. B. Kieffer, W. Klempt, O. Kononenko, A. Korsback, E. Koukovini Platia, J. W. Kovermann, C-I. Kozsar, I. Kremastiotis, S. Kulis, A. Latina, F. Leaux, P. Lebrun, T. Lefevre, L. Linssen, X. Llopart Cudie, A. A. Maier, H. Mainaud Durand, E. Manosperti, C. Marelli, E. Marin Lacoma, R. Martin, S. Mazzoni, G. Mcmonagle, O. Mete, L. M. Mether, M. Modena, R. M. Münker, T. Muranaka, E. Nebot Del Busto, N. Nikiforou, D. Nisbet, J-M. Nonglaton, F. X. Nuiry, A. Nürnberg, M. Olvegard, J. Osborne, S. Papadopoulou, Y. Papaphilippou, A. Passarelli, M. Patecki, L. Pazdera, D. Pellegrini, K. Pepitone, E. Perez Codina, A. Perez Fontenla, T. H. B. Persson, M. Petrič, F. Pitters, S. Pittet, F. Plassard, R. Rajamak, S. Redford, Y. Renier, S. F. Rey, G. Riddone, L. Rinolfi, E. Rodriguez Castro, P. Roloff, C. Rossi, V. Rude, G. Rumolo, A. Sailer, E. Santin, D. Schlatter, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, N. Shipman, E. Sicking, R. Simoniello, P. K. Skowronski, P. Sobrino Mompean, L. Soby, M. P. Sosin, S. Sroka, S. Stapnes, G. Sterbini, R. Ström, I. Syratchev, F. Tecker, P. A. Thonet, L. Timeo, H. Timko, R. Tomas Garcia, P. Valerio, A. L. Vamvakas, A. Vivoli, M. A. Weber, R. Wegner, M. Wendt, B. Woolley, W. Wuensch, J. Uythoven, H. Zha, P. Zisopoulos, M. Benoit, M. Vicente Barreto Pinto, M. Bopp, H. H. Braun, M. Csatari Divall, M. Dehler, T. Garvey, J. Y. Raguin, L. Rivkin, R. Zennaro, A. Aksoy, Z. Nergiz, E. Pilicer, I. Tapan, O. Yavas, V. Baturin, R. Kholodov, S. Lebedynskyi, V. Miroshnichenko, S. Mordyk, I. Profatilova, V. Storizhko, N. Watson, A. Winter, J. Goldstein, S. Green, J. S. Marshall, M. A. Thomson, B. Xu, W. A. Gillespie, R. Pan, M. A Tyrk, D. Protopopescu, A. Robson, R. Apsimon, I. Bailey, G. Burt, D. Constable, A. Dexter, S. Karimian, C. Lingwood, M. D. Buckland, G. Casse, J. Vossebeld, A. Bosco, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, K. Lekomtsev, L. Nevay, J. Snuverink, E. Yamakawa, V. Boisvert, S. Boogert, G. Boorman, S. Gibson, A. Lyapin, W. Shields, P. Teixeira-Dias, S. West, R. Jones, N. Joshi, R. Bodenstein, P. N. Burrows, G. B. Christian, D. Gamba, C. Perry, J. Roberts, J. A. Clarke, N. A. Collomb, S. P. Jamison, B. J. A. Shepherd, D. Walsh, M. Demarteau, J. Repond, H. Weerts, L. Xia, J. D. Wells, C. Adolphsen, T. Barklow, M. Breidenbach, N. Graf, J. Hewett, T. Markiewicz, D. McCormick, K. Moffeit, Y. Nosochkov, M. Oriunno, N. Phinney, T. Rizzo, S. Tantawi, F. Wang, J. Wang, G. White, M. Woodley

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a multi-TeV high-luminosity linear e+e- collider under development. For an optimal exploitation of its physics potential, CLIC is foreseen to be built and operated in a staged approach with three centre-of-mass energy stages ranging from a few hundred GeV up to 3 TeV. The first stage will focus on precision Standard Model physics, in particular Higgs and top-quark measurements. Read More

Construction of subspace codes with good parameters is one of the most important problems in random network coding. In this paper we present first a generalization of the concept of cyclic subspaces codes and further we show that the usual methods for constructing cyclic subspace codes over finite fields works for m-quasi cyclic codes, namely the subspaces polynomials and Frobenius mappings. Read More

We argue that gravitational wave (GW) signals due to collisions of ultra-relativistic bubble walls may be common in string theory. This occurs due to a process of post-inflationary vacuum decay via quantum tunnelling within (Randall-Sundrum-like) warped throats. Though a specific example is studied in the context of type IIB string theory, we argue that our conclusions are likely more general. Read More

In this paper we study the performance in $e^+e^-$ collisions of classical $e^+e^-$ jet reconstruction algorithms, longitudinally invariant algorithms and a recently-proposed robust $e^+e^-$ algorithm. The analysis includes a comparison of perturbative and non-perturbative jet energy corrections and the response under realistic background conditions. The algorithms are benchmarked with a detailed detector simulation at $\sqrt{s}= 3$~\tev{}. Read More

We present an approach to construct position-sensitive silicon detectors with an integrated cooling circuit. Tests on samples demonstrate that a very modest liquid flow very effectively cool the devices up to a power dissipation of over 10~W/cm$^2$. The liquid flow is found to have a negligible impact on the mechanical performance. Read More

A summary is presented of the workshop "top physics at linear colliders" that was held at IFIC Valencia from the 30th of June to the 3rd July 2015. We present an up-to-date status report of studies into the potential for top quark physics of lepton colliders with an energy reach that exceeds the top quark pair production threshold, with a focus on the linear collider projects ILC and CLIC. This summary shows that such projects can offer very competitive determinations of top quark properties (mass, width) and its interactions with other Standard Model particles, in particular electroweak gauge bosons and the Higgs boson. Read More

We demonstrate, for the first time, confinement of the orientation of micron-sized graphitic flakes to a well-defined plane. We orient and rotationally trap lipid-coated highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) micro-flakes in aqueous solution using a combination of uniform magnetic and AC electric fields and exploiting the anisotropic diamagnetic and electrical properties of HOPG. Measuring the rotational Brownian fluctuations of individual oriented particles in rotational traps, we quantitatively determine the rotational trap stiffness, maximum applied torque and polarization anisotropy of the micro-flakes, as well as their dependency on the electric field frequency. Read More

Given a positive, decreasing sequence $a,$ whose sum is $L$, we consider all the closed subsets of $[0,L]$ such that the lengths of their complementary open intervals are in one to one correspondence with the sequence $a$. The aim of this note is to investigate the possible values that Assouad-type dimensions can attain for this class of sets. In many cases, the set of attainable values is a closed interval whose endpoints we determine. Read More

Natural supersymmetric theories of the weak scale are under growing pressure given present LHC constraints, raising the question of whether untuned supersymmetric (SUSY) solutions to the hierarchy problem are possible. In this paper, we explore a class of 5-dimensional natural SUSY theories in which SUSY is broken by the Scherk-Schwarz mechanism. We pedagogically explain how Scherk-Schwarz elegantly solves the traditional problems of 4-dimensional SUSY theories (based on the MSSM and its many variants) that usually result in an unsettling level of fine-tuning. Read More

We study Asymmetric Dark Matter (ADM) in the context of the minimal (Fraternal) Twin Higgs solution to the little hierarchy problem, with a twin sector with gauged $SU(3)' \times SU(2)'$, a twin Higgs, and only third generation twin fermions. Naturalness requires the QCD$^\prime$ scale $\Lambda'_{\rm QCD} \simeq 0.5 - 20 \ {\rm GeV}$, and $t'$ to be heavy. Read More

Dark matter (DM) without a matter asymmetry is studied in the context of Twin Higgs (TH) theories in which the LHC naturalness problem is addressed. These possess a twin sector related to the Standard Model (SM) by a (broken) $\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry, and interacting with the SM via a specific Higgs portal. We focus on the minimal realisation of the TH mechanism, the Fraternal Twin Higgs, with only a single generation of twin quarks and leptons, and $SU(3)'\times SU(2)'$ gauge group. Read More

Top quark production in the process $e^+e^- \to t\bar{t}$ at a future linear electron positron collider with polarised beams is a powerful tool to determine indirectly the scale of new physics. The presented study, based on a detailed simulation of the ILD detector concept, assumes a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=500\,$GeV and a luminosity of $\mathcal{L}=500\,{\rm fb}^{-1}$ equally shared between the incoming beam polarisations of $\mathcal{P}_{e^-}, \mathcal{P}_{e^+} =\pm0.8,\mp0. Read More

The effect of single top production on the study of top quark pair production in future high energy electron--positron colliders is evaluated. The rate of the single top quark production process is sizeable throughout a large range of center-of-mass energies and cannot easily be distinguished from the dominant pair production process. We discuss the impact on the top quark mass extraction from a scan through the pair production threshold and the determination of top quark form factors in the continuum. Read More

We study CP-conserving rare flavor violating processes in the recently proposed theory of Maximally Natural Supersymmetry (MNSUSY). MNSUSY is an unusual supersymmetric (SUSY) extension of the Standard Model (SM) which, remarkably, is un-tuned at present LHC limits. It employs Scherk-Schwarz breaking of SUSY by boundary conditions upon compactifying an underlying 5-dimensional (5D) theory down to 4D, and is not well-described by softly-broken $\mathcal{N}=1$ SUSY, with much different phenomenology than the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and its variants. Read More

In this paper we explore the effect of $\delta$-ray emission, fluctuations in th e signal deposition on the detection of charged particles in silicon-based detec tors. We show that these two effects ultimately limit the resolution that can be achieved by interpolation of the signal in finely segmented position-sensitive solid-state devices. Read More

We propose a new sequential jet reconstruction algorithm for future lepton colliders at the energy frontier. The Valencia algorithm combines the natural distance criterion for lepton colliders with the greater robustness against backgrounds of algorithms adapted to hadron colliders. Results on a detailed Monte Carlo simulation of $t\bar{t}$ and $ZZ$ production at future linear $e^+e^-$ colliders (ILC and CLIC) with a realistic level of background overlaid, show that it achieves better performance in the presence of background. Read More

We examine a cosmological scenario where dark matter is coupled to a variable vacuum energy while baryons and photons are two decoupled components for a spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime. We apply the $\chi^{2}$ method to the updated observational Hubble data for constraining the cosmological parameters and analyze the amount of dark energy in the radiation era. We show that our model fulfills the severe bound of $\Omega_{x}(z\simeq 1100)<0. Read More

We describe an experiment in which cold rubidium atoms, confined in an elongated magnetic trap, are excited by transverse oscillation of the trap centre. The temperature after excitation exhibits resonance as a function of the driving frequency. We measure these resonances at several different trap frequencies. Read More

Top quark production in the process $e^+e^- \rightarrow t\bar{t}$ at a future linear electron positron collider with polarised beams is a powerful tool to determine indirectly the scale of new physics. The presented study, based on a detailed simulation of the ILD detector concept, assumes a centre-of-mass energy of $\roots=500$\,GeV and a luminosity of $\mathcal{L}=500\,\invfb$ equality shared between the incoming beam polarisations of $P_{e^{-,+}} =\pm0.8,\mp0. Read More

It is shown the construction of a module structure [2] with universe over a set of a particular kind of mathematical proofs, the base ring of this module will be built on a maximal consistent extension of a set of propositions, this provides the possibility to do some linear algebra on proofs. It will also be presented an algorithmic proceeding in order to deal with these particular type of deductions. Read More

2013Jul
Authors: Halina Abramowicz, Angel Abusleme, Konstatin Afanaciev, Gideon Alexander, Niloufar Alipour Tehrani, Oscar Alonso, Kristoffer K. Andersen, Samir Arfaoui, Csaba Balazs, Tim Barklow, Marco Battaglia, Mathieu Benoit, Burak Bilki, Jean-Jacques Blaising, Mark Boland, Marça Boronat, Ivanka Božović Jelisavčić, Philip Burrows, Maximilien Chefdeville, Roberto Contino, Dominik Dannheim, Marcel Demarteau, Marco Aurelio Diaz Gutierrez, Angel Diéguez, Jorge Duarte Campderros, Gerald Eigen, Konrad Elsener, Dan Feldman, Uli Felzmann, Mirosław Firlej, Elena Firu, Tomasz Fiutowski, Kurt Francis, Frank Gaede, Ignacio García García, Veta Ghenescu, Gian Giudice, Norman Graf, Christian Grefe, Christophe Grojean, Rick S. Gupta, Michael Hauschild, Helga Holmestad, Marek Idzik, Christian Joram, Sergey Kananov, Yannis Karyotakis, Martin Killenberg, Wolfgang Klempt, Sabine Kraml, Beata Krupa, Szymon Kulis, Tomáš Laštovička, Greg LeBlanc, Aharon Levy, Itamar Levy, Lucie Linssen, Angela Lucaci Timoce, Strahinja Lukić, Vladimir Makarenko, John Marshall, Victoria Martin, Rune E. Mikkelsen, Gordana Milutinović-Dumbelović, Akiya Miyamoto, Klaus Mönig, Gudrid Moortgat-Pick, Jakub Moroń, Astrid Münnich, Alina Neagu, Mila Pandurović, Duccio Pappadopulo, Bogdan Pawlik, Werner Porod, Stéphane Poss, Titi Preda, Roger Rassool, Ricardo Rattazzi, Sophie Redford, Jose Repond, Sabine Riemann, Aidan Robson, Philipp Roloff, Eduardo Ros, Jonatan Rosten, Alberto Ruiz-Jimeno, Heidi Rzehak, André Sailer, Dieter Schlatter, Daniel Schulte, Felix Sefkow, Katja Seidel, Nikolai Shumeiko, Eva Sicking, Frank Simon, Jacob Smith, Christian Soldner, Steinar Stapnes, Jan Strube, Taikan Suehara, Krzysztof Świentek, Marco Szalay, Tomohiko Tanabe, Michal Tesař, Andrea Thamm, Mark Thomson, Juan Trenado Garcia, Ulrik I. Uggerhøj, Erik van der Kraaij, Iván Vila, Eva Vilella, Miguel Angel Villarejo, Marcelo Alonso Vogel Gonzalez, Marcel Vos, Nigel Watson, Harry Weerts, James D. Wells, Lars Weuste, Tobias N. Wistisen, Kent Wootton, Lei Xia, Leszek Zawiejski, Ion-Sorin Zgura

This paper summarizes the physics potential of the CLIC high-energy e+e- linear collider. It provides input to the Snowmass 2013 process for the energy-frontier working groups on The Higgs Boson (HE1), Precision Study of Electroweak Interactions (HE2), Fully Understanding the Top Quark (HE3), as well as The Path Beyond the Standard Model -- New Particles, Forces, and Dimensions (HE4). It is accompanied by a paper describing the CLIC accelerator study, submitted to the Frontier Capabilities group of the Snowmass process. Read More

We study the detection of change-points in time series. The classical CUSUM statistic for detection of jumps in the mean is known to be sensitive to outliers. We thus propose a robust test based on the Wilcoxon two-sample test statistic. Read More

(Abridged) Far-infrared Herschel-PACS spectra of 18 low-mass protostars of various luminosities and evolutionary stages are studied. We quantify their far-infrared line emission and the contribution of different atomic and molecular species to the gas cooling budget during protostellar evolution. We also determine the spatial extent of the emission and investigate the underlying excitation conditions. Read More

The DEPFET collaboration develops highly granular, ultra-transparent active pixel detectors for high-performance vertex reconstruction at future collider experiments. The characterization of detector prototypes has proven that the key principle, the integration of a first amplification stage in a detector-grade sensor material, can provide a comfortable signal to noise ratio of over 40 for a sensor thickness of 50-75 $\mathrm{\mathbf{\mu m}}$. ASICs have been designed and produced to operate a DEPFET pixel detector with the required read-out speed. Read More

Besicovitch showed that if a set is null for the Hausdorff measure associated to a given dimension function, then it is still null for the Hausdorff measure corresponding to a smaller dimension function. We prove that this is not true for packing measures. Moreover, we consider the corresponding questions for sets of non-$\sigma$-finite packing measure, and for pre-packing measure instead of packing measure. Read More

(Abridged) We study relationships between the SFR and the nuclear properties of X-ray selected AGNs out to z=2.5, using far-IR data in three extragalactic deep fields as part of the PACS Evolutionary Probe (PEP) program. Guided by studies of intrinsic infra-red AGN SEDs, we show that the majority of the FIR emission in AGNs is produced by cold dust heated by star-formation. Read More

We present a computational method for measuring financial risk by estimating the Value at Risk and Expected Shortfall from financial series. We have made two assumptions: First, that the predictive distributions of the values of an asset are conditioned by information on the way in which the variable evolves from similar conditions, and secondly, that the underlying random processes can be described using piecewise Gaussian processes. The performance of the method was evaluated by using it to estimate VaR and ES for a daily data series taken from the S&P500 index and applying a backtesting procedure recommended by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. Read More

We give an example illustrating that two notions of bounded distortion for $\mathcal C^1$ expanding maps in $\R$ are different. Read More

The number of people using online social networks in their everyday life is continuously growing at a pace never saw before. This new kind of communication has an enormous impact on opinions, cultural trends, information spreading and even in the commercial success of new products. More importantly, social online networks have revealed as a fundamental organizing mechanism in recent country-wide social movements. Read More

We use deep observations taken with the Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS), on board the Herschel satellite as part of the PACS evolutionary probe (PEP) guaranteed project along with submm ground-based observations to measure the dust mass of a sample of high-z submillimeter galaxies (SMGs). We investigate their dust content relative to their stellar and gas masses, and compare them with local star-forming galaxies. High-z SMGs are dust rich, i. Read More

We use deep observations obtained with the Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) onboard the Herschel space observatory to study the far-infrared (FIR) properties of submm and optically faint radio galaxies (SMGs and OFRGs). From literature we compiled a sample of 35 securely identified SMGs and nine OFRGs located in the GOODS-N and the A2218 fields. This sample is cross-matched with our PACS 100 um and 160 um multi-wavelength catalogs. Read More

This paper reports on experiments with ultra-cold rubidium atoms confined in microscopic magnetic traps created using a piece of periodically-magnetized videotape mounted on an atom chip. The roughness of the confining potential is studied with atomic clouds at temperatures of a few microKelvin and at distances between 30 and 80 microns from the videotape-chip surface. The inhomogeneities in the magnetic field created by the magnetized videotape close to the central region of the chip are characterized in this way. Read More

The relation between limit cycles of planar differential systems and the inverse integrating factor was first shown in an article of Giacomini, Llibre and Viano appeared in 1996. From that moment on, many research articles are devoted to the study of the properties of the inverse integrating factor and its relation with limit cycles and their bifurcations. This paper is a summary of all the results about this topic. Read More

In this paper we study the maximum number of limit cycles that can bifurcate from a focus singular point $p_0$ of an analytic, autonomous differential system in the real plane under an analytic perturbation. We consider $p_0$ being a focus singular point of the following three types: non-degenerate, degenerate without characteristic directions and nilpotent. In a neighborhood of $p_0$ the differential system can always be brought, by means of a change to (generalized) polar coordinates $(r, \theta)$, to an equation over a cylinder in which the singular point $p_0$ corresponds to a limit cycle $\gamma_0$. Read More

Pump-probe photoionization has been used to map the relaxation processes taking place from highly vibrationally excited levels of the S2 state of azulene, populated directly or via internal conversion from the S4 state. Photoelectron spectra obtained by 1+2[prime] two-color time-resolved photoelectron imaging are invariant (apart from in intensity) to the pump-probe time delay and to the pump wavelength. This reveals a photoionization process which is driven by an unstable electronic state (e. Read More

We measure the photoionization cross-section of vibrationally excited levels in the S2 state of azulene by femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy. At the wavelengths studied (349-265 nm in the pump) the transient signals exhibit two distinct and well-defined behaviours: (i) Short-term (on the order of a picosecond) polarization dependent transients and (ii) longer (10 ps - 1 ns) time-scale decays. This letter focuses on the short time transient. Read More

This work is concerned with planar real analytic differential systems with an analytic inverse integrating factor defined in a neighborhood of a regular orbit. We show that the inverse integrating factor defines an ordinary differential equation for the transition map along the orbit. When the regular orbit is a limit cycle, we can determine its associated Poincar\'e return map in terms of the inverse integrating factor. Read More

By expressing the time-independent Schrodinger equation in one dimension as a system of two first-order differential equations, the transfer matrix for a rectangular potential barrier is obtained making use of the matrix exponential. It is shown that the transfer matrix allows one to find the bound states and the quasinormal modes. A similar treatment for the one-dimensional propagation of electromagnetic waves in a homogeneous medium is also presented. Read More

It is shown that a given non-autonomous system of two first-order ordinary differential equations can be expressed in Hamiltonian form. The derivation presented here allow us to obtain previously known results such as the infinite number of Hamiltonians in the autonomous case and the Helmholtz condition for the existence of a Lagrangian. Read More

It is shown that for a central potential that is an injective function of the radial coordinate, a second central potential can be found that leads to trajectories in the configuration space and the momentum space coinciding, respectively, with the trajectories in the momentum space and the configuration space produced by the original potential. Read More

We have produced a Bose-Einstein condensate on a permanent-magnet atom chip based on periodically magnetized videotape. We observe the expansion and dynamics of the condensate in one of the microscopic waveguides close to the surface. The lifetime for atoms to remain trapped near this dielectric material is significantly longer than above a metal surface of the same thickness. Read More