Hyung Mok Lee - Seoul National University

Hyung Mok Lee
Are you Hyung Mok Lee?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Hyung Mok Lee
Seoul National University
South Korea

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (21)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (16)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (13)
High Energy Physics - Theory (11)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (10)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Other (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Hyung Mok Lee

The Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) captures the total integrated emission from stars and galaxies throughout the cosmic history. The amplitude of the near-infrared EBL from space absolute photometry observations has been controversial and depends strongly on the modeling and subtraction of the Zodiacal light foreground. We report the first measurement of the diffuse background spectrum at 0. Read More

Affiliations: 1Seoul National University, 2Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 3Seoul National University, 4Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 5University of Warsaw

We investigate properties of black hole (BH) binaries formed in globular clusters via dynamical processes, using direct N-body simulations. We pay attention to effects of BH mass function on the total mass and mass ratio distributions of BH binaries ejected from clusters. Firstly, we consider BH populations with two different masses in order to learn basic differences from models with single-mass BHs only. Read More

The gravitational radiation capture between unequal mass black holes without spins has been investigated with numerical relativistic simulations, and the results are compared with the Post-Newtonian (PN) approximations. We adopt the parabolic approximation which assumes that the gravitational wave radiation from a weakly hyperbolic orbit is the same as that from the parabolic orbit having the same pericenter distance. Using the radiated energies from the parabolic orbit simulations, we have obtained the impact parameters ($b$) of the gravitational radiation captures for weakly hyperbolic orbits as a function of initial energy. Read More

We discovered a new transmodal Fabry-P\'erot resonance that one elastic-wave mode is maximally transmitted to another when the phase difference of two dissimilar modes through an anisotropic layer is exactly odd multiples of {\pi}. Unlike the well-established Fabry-P\'erot resonance, the transmodal resonance must involve two coupled elastic-wave modes, longitudinal and shear. The formation of wiggly transmodal transmission spectra is due to structural instability appearing in anisotropic mode-coupled elastic-media. Read More

This paper reviews gravitational wave sources and their detection. One of the most exciting potential sources of gravitational waves are coalescing binary black hole systems. They can occur on all mass scales and be formed in numerous ways, many of which are not understood. Read More

In this paper, we present the realization of an elastic metamaterial allowing independent tuning of negative density and stiffness for elastic waves propagating along a designated direction. In electromagnetic (or acoustic) metamaterials, it is now possible to tune permittivity (bulk modulus) and permeability (density) independently. Apparently, the tuning methods seem to be directly applicable for elastic case, but no realization has yet been made due to the unique tensorial physics of elasticity that makes wave motions coupled in a peculiar way. Read More

We present mid-infrared (MIR) luminosity functions (LFs) of local star-forming (SF) galaxies in the AKARI NEP-Wide Survey field. In order to derive more accurate luminosity function, we used spectroscopic sample only. Based on the NEP-Wide point source catalogue containing a large number of infrared (IR) sources distributed over the wide (5. Read More

Using self-consistent three-dimensional (3D) N-body simulations, we investigate the physical properties of non-axisymmetric features in a disk galaxy created by a tidal interaction with its companion. The primary galaxy consists of a stellar disk, a bugle, and a live halo, corresponding to Milky-Way type galaxies, while the companion is represented by a halo alone. We vary the companion mass and the pericenter distance to explore situations with differing tidal strength parameterized by either the relative tidal force P or the relative imparted momentum S. Read More

We report spatial fluctuation analysis of the sky brightness in near-infrared from observations toward the north ecliptic pole (NEP) by the AKARI at 2.4 and 3.2 micron. Read More

In cosmological scenarios with thermal inflation, extra eras of moduli matter domination, thermal inflation and flaton matter domination exist between primordial inflation and the radiation domination of Big Bang nucleosynthesis. During these eras, cosmological perturbations on small scales can enter and re-exit the horizon, modifying the power spectrum on those scales. The largest modified scale, $k_\mathrm{b}$, touches the horizon size when the expansion changes from deflation to inflation at the transition from moduli domination to thermal inflation. Read More

Affiliations: 1Seoul National University, 2Seoul National University, 3Seoul National University, 4Seoul National University, 5ISAS/JAXA

We present the J and H-band source catalog covering the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole field. Filling the gap between the optical data from other follow-up observations and mid-infrared (MIR) data from AKARI, our near-infrared (NIR) data provides contiguous wavelength coverage from optical to MIR. For the J and H-band imaging, we used the FLoridA Multi-object Imaging Near-ir Grism Observational Spectrometer (FLAMINGOS) on the Kitt Peak National Observatory 2. Read More

Stellar black hole (BH) binaries are one of the most promising gravitational wave (GW) sources for GW detection by the ground-based detectors. Nuclear star clusters (NCs) located at the centre of galaxies are known to harbour massive black holes (MBHs) and to be bounded by a gravitational potential by other galactic components such as the galactic bulge. Such an environment of NCs provides a favourable conditions for the BH-BH binary formation by the gravitational radiation capture due to the high BH number density and velocity dispersion. Read More

The United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) Widefield Infrared Survey for Fe$^+$ (UWIFE) is a 180 deg$^2$ imaging survey of the first Galactic quadrant (7$^{\circ}$ < l < 62$^{\circ}$; |b| < 1.5$^{\circ}$) using a narrow-band filter centered on the [Fe II] 1.644 {\mu}m emission line. Read More

Several lines of argument support the existence of a link between activity at the nuclei of galaxies, in the form of an accreting supermassive black hole, and star-formation activity in these galaxies. The exact nature of this link is still under debate. Radio jets have long been argued to be an ideal mechanism that allows AGN to interact with their host galaxy and regulate star-formation. Read More

Performing N-body simulations, we examine the dynamics of BH-BH (10 Msun each) and NS-NS (1.4 Msun each) binaries formed in a cluster and its implications for gravitational wave detection. A significant fraction of compact binaries are ejected from a globular cluster after core collapse. Read More

We investigate the linearly and quadratically coupled cubic Galileon models that include linear potentials. These models may explain the late-time acceleration. In these cases, we need two equations of state parameter named the native and effective equations of state to test whether the universe is accelerating or not because there is coupling between the cold dark matter and Galileon. Read More

To understand the effects of the initial rotation on the evolution of the tidally limited clusters with mass spectrum, we have performed N-body simulations of the clusters with different initial rotations and compared the results with those of the Fokker-Planck (FP) simulations. We confirmed that the cluster evolution is accelerated by not only the initial rotation but also the mass spectrum. For the slowly rotating models, the time evolutions of mass, energy and angular momentum show good agreements between N-body and FP simulations. Read More

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) emission features dominate the mid-infrared spectra of star-forming galaxies and can be useful to calibrate star formation rates and diagnose ionized states of grains. However, the PAH 3.3 micron feature has not been studied as much as other PAH features since it is weaker than others and resides outside of Spitzer capability. Read More

We present a photometric catalog of infrared (IR) sources based on the North Ecliptic PoleWide field (NEP-Wide) survey of AKARI, which is an infrared space telescope launched by Japan. The NEP-Wide survey covered 5.4 deg2 area, a nearly circular shape centered on the North Ecliptic Pole, using nine photometric filter-bands from 2 - 25 {\mu}m of the Infrared Camera (IRC). Read More

We numerically investigate the temporal behavior and the structure of longitudinal momentum spectrum and the field polarity effect on pair production in pulsed electric fields in scalar quantum electrodynamics (QED). Using the evolution operator expressed in terms of the particle and antiparticle operators, we find the exact quantum states under the influence of electric pulses and measure the number of pairs of the Minkowski particle and antiparticle. The number of pairs, depending on the configuration of electric pulses, exhibits rich structures in the longitudinal momentum spectrum and undergoes diverse dynamical behaviors at the onset of the interaction but always either converges to a momentum-dependent constant or oscillates around a momentum-dependent time average after the completion of fields. Read More

The results of a deep 20 cm radio survey at 20 cm are reported of the AKARI Deep Field South (ADF-S) near the South Ecliptic Pole (SEP), using the Australia Telescope Compact Array telescope, ATCA. The survey has 1 sigma detection limits ranging from 18.7--50 microJy per beam over an area of ~1. Read More

Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the electronic structures and binding properties of nicotine and caffeine adsorbed on single-walled carbon nanotubes to determine whether CNTs are appropriate for filtering or sensing nicotine and caffeine molecules. We find that caffeine adsorbs more strongly than nicotine. The different binding characteristics are discussed by analyzing the modification of the electronic structure of the molecule-adsorbed CNTs. Read More

We develop a numerical hydrodynamics code using a pseudo-Newtonian formulation that uses the weak field approximation for the geometry, and a generalized source term for the Poisson equation that takes into account relativistic effects. The code was designed to treat moderately relativistic systems such as rapidly rotating neutron stars. The hydrodynamic equations are solved using a finite volume method with High Resolution Shock Capturing (HRSC) techniques. Read More

We show that the Kerr metric does not exist as a fully rotating black hole solution to the modified Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz (HL) gravity with $\Lambda_W=0$ and $\lambda=1$ case. We perform it by showing that the Kerr metric does not satisfy full equations derived from the modified HL gravity. Read More

We reexamine the massive graviton dark matter scenario (MGCDM) which was recently considered as an alternative to dark energy models. When introducing the native and effective equations of state (EoS), it is shown that there is no phantom phase in the evolution toward the far past. Also we show that the past accelerating phase arises from the interaction between massive graviton and cold dark matter. Read More

We investigate the issues of future oscillations around the phantom divide for $f(R)$ gravity. For this purpose, we introduce two types of energy density and pressure arisen from the $f(R)$-higher order curvature terms. One has the conventional energy density and pressure even in the beginning of the Jordan frame, whose continuity equation provides the native equation of state $w_{\rm DE}$. Read More

Isothermal and self-gravitating systems bound by non-conducting and conducting walls are known to be unstable if the density contrast between the center and the boundary exceeds critical values. We investigate the equilibrium and dynamical evolution of isothermal and self-gravitating system embedded in potential well, which can be the situation of many astrophysical objects such as the central parts of the galaxies, or clusters of galaxies with potential dominated by dark matter, but is still limited to the case where the potential well is fixed during the evolution. As the ratio between the depth of surrounding potential well and potential of embedded system becomes large, the potential well becomes effectively the same boundary condition as conducting wall, which behaves like a thermal heat bath. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii/Subaru telescope, 2CFHT, 3UCLA, 4ISAS/JAXA, 5SSC, 6Open Univ., 7ISAS/JAXA, 8ISAS/JAXA, 9ISAS/JAXA, 10Nagoya Univ., 11ISAS/JAXA, 12Naogya Univ., 13Naogya Univ., 14ifa/UH, 15CEA, 16SNU, 17KASI, 18Open Univ., 19Open Univ.

By cross-correlating AKARI infrared (IR) sources with the SDSS galaxies, we identified 2357 infrared galaxies with a spectroscopic redshift. This is not just one of the largest samples of local IR galaxies, but AKARI provides crucial FIR bands (9, 18, 65, 90, 140, and 160um) in accurately measuring galaxy SED across the peak of the dust emission at ~100um. By fitting modern IR SED models to the AKARI photometry, we measured the total infrared luminosity (L_IR) of individual galaxies more accurately. Read More

We present the mid-infrared (MIR) observation of a nearby galaxy cluster, Abell 2255 by the AKARI space telescope. Using the AKARI's continuous wavelength coverage between 3-24 micron and the wide field of view, we investigate the properties of cluster member galaxies to see how the infall of the galaxies, the cluster substructures, and the cluster-cluster merger influence their evolution. We show that the excess of MIR (11 micron) flux is a good indicator to discriminate galaxies at different evolutionary stages, and divide galaxies into three classes accordingly : strong MIR-excess (N3-S11>0. Read More

Ever since the first discovery of Poynting and Robertson, the radiation source has been treated as merely a point. Even in a very few studies where the size of the source has been taken into account, the treatment of the problem remained largely non-relativistic. In the present work, we address the issue of the finite size effects on the Poynting-Robertson effect in a fully relativistic manner for the first time. Read More

As a sequel to our recent works challenging toward the systematic inclusion of the effect of radiation on the trajectory of a test particle orbiting around a luminous spinning relativistic star eventually aiming at its application to the accretion flow. We explore in the present work the fine structure of the trajectory of test particle just entering the ``suspension orbit" under the purpose of a detailed investigation of test particle's trajectory in the vicinity of the ``suspension orbit". We end up with a rather puzzling behavior that, contrary to our expectation, the specific angular momentum of the test particle instantly rises instead of decreasing monotonically just before the test particle enters the ``suspension orbit". Read More

We investigate the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory with the potential as cosmological model to explain the present accelerating universe. In this work, we consider the BD field as a perfect fluid with the energy density and pressure in the Jordan frame. Introducing the power-law potential and the interaction with the cold dark matter, we obtain the phantom divide which is confirmed by the native and effective equation of state. Read More

We present the source catalog and the properties of the $B-, R-$, and $I-$band images obtained to support the {\it AKARI} North Ecliptic Pole Wide (NEP-Wide) survey. The NEP-Wide is an {\it AKARI} infrared imaging survey of the north ecliptic pole covering a 5.8 deg$^2$ area over 2. Read More

We investigate slowly rotating black holes in the Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz (HL) gravity. For $\Lambda_W=0$ and $\lambda=1$, we find a slowly rotating black hole of the Kehagias-Sfetsos solution in asymptotically flat spacetimes. We discuss their thermodynamic properties by computing mass, temperature, angular momentum, and angular velocity on the horizon. Read More


Infrared (IR) luminosity is fundamental to understanding the cosmic star formation history and AGN evolution. The AKARI IR space telescope performed all sky survey in 6 IR bands (9, 18, 65, 90, 140, and 160um) with 3-10 times better sensitivity than IRAS, covering the crucial far-IR wavelengths across the peak of the dust emission. Combined with a better spatial resolution, AKARI can much more precisely measure the total infrared luminosity (L_TIR) of individual galaxies, and thus, the total infrared luminosity density in the local Universe. Read More

Affiliations: 1CEA Saclay, 2CEA Saclay, 3Seoul National Univ, 4KASI, 5KIAS, 6Seoul National Univ, 7Seoul National Univ

We study the environmental dependence of local luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) and ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) found in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) data. The LIRG and ULIRG samples are constructed by cross-correlating spectroscopic catalogs of galaxies of the SDSS Data Release 7 and the Infrared Astronomical Satellite Faint Source Catalog. We examine the effects of the large-scale background density (Sigma_5), galaxy clusters, and the nearest neighbor galaxy on the properties of infrared galaxies (IRGs). Read More

We introduce the cavity enclosing a source mass $M$ to define the temperature force. Starting with the Tolman temperature in the stationary spacetime, we find a non-relativistic temperature $T_{non}= T_\infty(1-\Phi/c^2)$ with the Newtonian potential $\Phi$. This temperature could be also derived from the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect, satisfying a relation of $T=T_{\infty}e^{-\Phi/c^2}$ with the local temperature $T$. Read More

The Westerbork Radio Synthesis Telescope, WSRT, has been used to make a deep radio survey of an ~ 1.7 sq degree field coinciding with the AKARI North Ecliptic Pole Deep Field. The observations, data reduction and source count analysis are presented, along with a description of the overall scientific objectives. Read More

We explored the motion of test particles near slowly rotating relativistic star having a uniform luminosity. In order to derive the test particle's equations of motion, we made use of the radiation stress-energy tensor first constructed by Miller and Lamb \cite{ML96}. From the particle's trajectory obtained through the numerical integration of the equations of motion, it is found that for sufficiently high luminosity, "suspension orbit" exists, where the test particle hovers around at uniform angular velocity in the same direction as the star's spin. Read More

The last few decades have seen considerable research progress in microelectronics and integrated circuits, system-on-chip design, wireless communication, and sensor technology. This progress has enabled the seamless integration of autonomous wireless sensor nodes around a human body to create a Body Sensor Network (BSN). The development of a proactive and ambulatory BSN induces a number of enormous issues and challenges. Read More

We study the near-horizon geometry of extremal black holes in the $z=3$ Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity with a flow parameter $\lambda$. For $\lambda>1/2$, near-horizon geometry of extremal black holes are AdS$_2 \times S^2$ with different radii, depending on the (modified) Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity. For $1/3\le \lambda \le 1/2$, the radius $v_2$ of $S^2$ is negative, which means that the near-horizon geometry is ill-defined and the corresponding Bekenstein-Hawking entropy is zero. Read More

We obtain equilibrium solutions for rotating compact stars including the special relativistic effects. The gravity is assumed to be Newtonian, but we used the active mass density, which takes into account all the energies such as motions of the fluids, internal energy, pressure energy in addition to the rest mass energy, in computing the gravitational potential using Poisson's equation. Such a treatment could be applicable to the neutron stars with relativistic motions or relativistic equation of state. Read More

It is shown that parts of planes, helicoids and hyperbolic paraboloids are the only minimal surfaces ruled by geodesics in the three dimensional Riemannian Heisenberg group. It is also shown that they are the only surfaces in the three dimensional Heisenberg group whose mean curvature is zero with respect to both of the standard Riemannian metric and the standard Lorentzian metric. Read More

We study the propagation of a scalar, the trace of $h_{ij}$ in the deformed Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity with coupling constant $\lambda$. It turns out that this scalar is not a propagating mode in the Minkowski spacetime background. In this work, we do not choose a gauge-fixing to identify the physical degrees of freedom and instead, make it possible by substituting the constraints into the quadratic Lagrangian. Read More