Hui Chen - NCU, Taiwan

Hui Chen
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Hui Chen
NCU, Taiwan

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Physics - Optics (11)
Quantum Physics (11)
Astrophysics (5)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (3)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (3)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (2)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Hui Chen

A novel and simple superbunching pseudothermal light source is introduced based on common instruments such as laser, lens, pinhole and groundglass. $g^{(2)}(0)=3.66 \pm 0. Read More

The growth, atomic structure, and electronic property of trilayer graphene (TLG) on Ru(0001) were studied by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy in combined with tight-binding approximation (TBA) calculations. TLG on Ru(0001) shows a flat surface with a hexagonal lattice due to the screening effect of the bottom two layers and the AB-stacking in the top two layers. The coexistence of AA- and AB-stacking in the bottom two layers leads to three different stacking orders of TLG, namely, ABA-, ABC-, and ABB-stacking. Read More

We studied the finite-size giant magnons in $\text{AdS}_4\times\text{CP}^3_{\beta}$ background using the classical spectral curve constructed in this paper. We computed the finite-size corrections to the dispersion relations for the $RP^3$ giant magnons using our twisted algebraic curve based on the method proposed in arXiv:0810.1246, in which the authors computed the finite-size corrections of giant magnons in $\text{AdS}_4\times\text{CP}^3$ by introducing a finite-size resolvent $G_{\text{finite}}(x)$. Read More

We investigate the integrable aspects of the planar $\gamma$-deformed ABJM theory and proposed the twisted asymptotic Bethe ansatz equations. A more general method through a twist generating functional was discussed, based on which, the asymptotic large L solution of Y-system is modified in order to match the asymptotic Bethe ansatz equations. Serval applications of our method were made in $sl(2)$ sector and some important examples in $\beta$-deformed ABJM were present as well. Read More

Ghost imaging with thermal fermions is calculated based on two-particle interference in Feynman's path integral theory. It is found that ghost imaging with thermal fermions can be simulated by ghost imaging with thermal bosons and classical particles. Photons in pseudothermal light are employed to experimentally study fermionic ghost imaging. Read More

An appropriate design of wavefront will enable light fields propagating along arbitrary trajectories thus forming accelerating beams in free space. Previous ways of designing such accelerating beams mainly rely on caustic methods, which start from diffraction integrals and only deal with two-dimensional fields. Here we introduce a new perspective to construct accelerating beams in phase space by designing the corresponding Wigner distribution function (WDF). Read More

The experimental study of the second-order interference with fermions is much less than the one with bosons since it is much more difficult to do experiments with fermions than with photons. Based on the conclusion that the behavior of two identical classical particles has exactly half fermionic and half bosonic characteristics (PRA \textbf{88}, 012130 (2013)), we have studied the second-order interference of fermions via the second-order interference of photons in Hanbury Brown-Twiss and Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometers, respectively. The experimental results are consistent with the theoretical predictions, which serve as an efficient guidance for the future interference experiments with fermions. Read More

An array of ring resonators specifically designed can perform as a topological insulator. We conduct simulations using both Tight-Binding Model (TBM) and Transfer Matrix Method (TMM) to analyze the transport properties of such optical structure, verifying the presence of robust topological edge states which is immune to disorder and defect. We have also made a comparison between these two methods, of which results suggesting that TBM is only applicable under weakly-coupling condition while TMM is more rigorous. Read More

Active and passive control strategies of internal pressure for hot forming of tubes and profiles with granular media are described. Force transmission and plastic deformation of granular medium is experimentally investigated. Friction between tube, granular medium and die as also the external stress field are shown to be essential for the process understanding. Read More

Integrable structure has played a very important role in the study of various non-perturbative aspects of planar ABJM theories. In this paper we showed that this remarkable structure survive after orbifold operation with discrete group $\Gamma(\simeq\mathbb{Z}_n)Read More

Generalised Hermite-Gaussian modes (gHG modes), an extended notion of Hermite-Gaussian modes (HG modes), are formed by the summation of normal HG modes with a characteristic function $\alpha$, which can be used to unite conventional HG modes and Laguerre-Gaussian modes (LG modes). An infinite number of normalised orthogonal modes can thus be obtained by modulation of the function $\alpha$. The gHG mode notion provides a useful tool in analysis of the deformation and transformation phenomena occurring in propagation of HG and LG modes with astigmatic perturbation. Read More

Conventional caustic methods in real or Fourier space produced accelerating optical beams only with convex trajectories. We develop a superposition caustic method capable of winding light beams along non-convex trajectories. We ascertain this method by constructing a one-dimensional (1D) accelerating beam moving along a sinusoidal trajectory, and subsequently extending to two-dimensional (2D) accelerating beams along arbitrarily elliptical helical trajectories. Read More

Usually HBT effect can be interpreted by classical (intensity fluctuation correlation) and quantum (interference of two-photon probability amplitudes) theories properly at the same time. In this manuscript, we report a deliberately designed experiment in which two chaotic light beams has the same intensity fluctuation but mutual-orthogonal polarizations to each other so there will be no interference of two-photon probability amplitudes. Classical and quantum theory give different predictions on if there should be HBT (photon bunching) effect or not in the experiment. Read More

We report the discovery of 2 new Be stars, and re-identify one known Be star in the open cluster NGC 6830. Eleven H-alpha emitters were discovered using the H-alpha imaging photometry of the Palomar Transient Factory Survey. Stellar membership of the candidates was verified with photometric and kinematic information using 2MASS data and proper motions. Read More

In this paper, we investigate the global well-posedness for the 3-D inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes system with the axisymmetric initial data. We prove the global well-posedness provided that $$\|\frac{a_{0}}{r}\|_{\infty} \textrm{ and } \|u_{0}^{\theta}\|_{3} \textrm{ are sufficiently small}. $$ Furthermore, if $\mathbf{u}_0\in L^1$ and $ru^\theta_0\in L^1\cap L^2$, we have \begin{equation*} \|u^{\theta}(t)\|_{2}^{2}+\langle t\rangle \|\nabla (u^{\theta}\mathbf{e}_{\theta})(t)\|_{2}^{2}+t\langle t\rangle(\|u_{t}^{\theta}(t)\|_{2}^{2}+\|\Delta(u^{\theta}\mathbf{e}_{\theta})(t)\|_{2}^{2}) \leq C \langle t\rangle^{-\frac{5}{2}},\ \forall\ t>0. Read More

In this paper, we study the three-dimensional axisymmetric Navier-Stokes system with nonzero swirl. By establishing a new key inequality for the pair $(\frac{\omega^{r}}{r},\frac{\omega^{\theta}}{r})$, we get several Prodi-Serrin type regularity criteria based on the angular velocity, $u^\theta$. Moreover, we obtain the global well-posedness result if the initial angular velocity $u_{0}^{\theta}$ is appropriate small in the critical space $L^{3}(\R^{3})$. Read More

We report new experimental results obtained on three different laser facilities that show directed laser-driven relativistic electron-positron jets with up to 30 times larger yields than previously obtained and a quadratic (~ E^2) dependence of the positron yield on the laser energy. This favorable scaling stems from a combination of higher energy electrons due to increased laser intensity and the recirculation of MeV electrons in the mm-thick target. Based on this scaling, first principles simulations predict the possibility of using such electron-positron jets, produced at upcoming high-energy laser facilities, to probe the physics of relativistic collisionless shocks in the laboratory. Read More

The Mindlin plate equations with the consideration of thickness-shear deformation as an independent variable have been used for the analysis of vibrations of quartz crystal resonators of both rectangular and circular types. The Mindlin or Lee plate theories that treat thickness-shear deformation as an independent higher-order vibration mode in a coupled system of two-dimensional variables are the choice of theory for analysis. For circular plates, we derived the Mindlin plate equations in a systematic manner as demonstrated by Mindlin and others and obtained the truncated two-dimensional equations of closely coupled modes in polar coordinates. Read More

In this paper, we study the tensor structure of category of finite dimensional representations of Drinfeld quantum doubles $D(H_n(q))$ of Taft Hopf algebras $H_n(q)$. Tensor product decomposition rules for all finite dimensional indecomposable modules are explicitly given. Read More

The second-order temporal interference between two independent single-mode continuous-wave lasers is discussed by employing two-photon interference in Feynman's path integral theory. It is concluded that whether the second-order temporal interference pattern can be retrieved via two-photon coincidence counting measurement is dependent on the relationship between the resolution time of the detection system and the frequency difference between these two lasers. Two identical and tunable single-mode diode lasers are employed to verify the predictions experimentally. Read More

In this paper, minimal surface in $q$-deformed $AdS_5\times S^5$ with boundary a cusp is studied in detail. This minimal surface is dual to cusped Wilson loop in the dual field theory. We found that the area of the minimal surface has both logarithmic squared divergence and logarithmic divergence. Read More

The first- and second-order temporal interference between two independent thermal and laser light beams is discussed by employing the superposition principle in Feynman's path integral theory. It is concluded that the first-order temporal interference pattern can not be observed by superposing thermal and laser light, while the second-order temporal interference pattern can be observed in the same condition. These predictions are experimentally verified by employing pseudothermal light to simulate thermal light. Read More

The indistinguishability of non-identical photons is dependent on detection system in quantum physics. If two photons with different wavelengths are indistinguishable for a detection system, there can be two-photon interference when these two photons are incident to two input ports of a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer, respectively. The reason why two-photon interference phenomena are different for classical and nonclassical light is not due to interference, but due to the properties of light and detection system. Read More

The second-order spatial and temporal interference patterns with two independent single-mode He-Ne lasers are observed in a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer. Two-photon interference in Feynman's path integral theory is employed to interpret the experimental results. The conditions to observe the second-order interference pattern with two independent single-mode continuous wave lasers are discussed. Read More

Large-area bilayer graphene (BG) is grown epitaxially on Ru(0001) surface and characterized by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. The lattice of the bottom layer of BG is stretched by 1.2%, while strain is absent from the top layer. Read More

Stellar spectroscopic surveys may bring useful statistical information on the links between Diffuse Interstellar Bands (DIBs) and interstellar environment. DIB databases can also be used as a complementary tool for locating interstellar (IS) clouds. Our goal is to develop fully automated methods of DIB measurements to be applied to extensive data from stellar surveys. Read More

Interstellar diffuse bands are usually extracted from hot star spectra because they are characterized by smooth continua. It introduces a strong limitation on the number of available targets, and reduces potential studies of the IS matter and the use of absorptions for cloud mapping. We have developed a new automatic fitting method appropriate to interstellar absorptions in spectra of cool stars that possess stellar atmospheric parameters. Read More

A modified four-state CVQKD protocol is proposed to increase the maximum transmission distance and tolerable excess noise in the presence of Gaussian lossy and noisy channel by using a noiseless linear amplifier (NLA). A NLA with amplitude gain g can increase the maximum admission losses by 20log(g) dB. Read More

In this paper, we study the Green ring (or the representation ring) of Drinfeld quantum double $D(H_4)$ of Sweedler's 4-dimensional Hopf algebra $H_4$. We first give the decompositions of the tensor products of finite dimensional indecomposable modules into the direct sum of indecomposable modules over $D(H_4)$. Then we describe the structure of the Green ring $r(D(H_4))$ of $D(H_4)$ and show that $r(D(H_4))$ is generated, as a ring, by infinitely many elements subject to a family of relations. Read More

Let $k_q[x, x^{-1}, y]$ be the localization of the quantum plane $k_q[x, y]$ over a field $k$, where $0\neq q\in k$. Then $k_q[x, x^{-1}, y]$ is a graded Hopf algebra, which can be regarded as the non-negative part of the quantum enveloping algebra $U_q({\mathfrak sl}_2)$. Under the assumption that $q$ is not a root of unity, we investigate the coalgebra automorphism group of $k_q[x, x^{-1}, y]$. Read More

The electronic and phonon properties of the platinum pnictide superconductors $A$Pt$_3$P ($A$=Ca, Sr, and La) were studied using first-principles calculations. The spin-orbit coupling effect is significant in LaPt$_3$P but negligible in CaPt$_3$P and SrPt$_3$P, although they all share the same anti-pevroskite structure. Moreover, SrPt$_3$P has been demonstrated to exhibit an unexpected weak charge-density-wave(CDW) instability which is neither simply related to the Fermi-surface nesting nor to the momentum-dependent electron-phonon coupling alone. Read More

In this paper, we study pointed rank one Hopf algebras and Hopf-Ore extensions of group algebras, over an arbitrary field $k$. It is proved that the rank of a Hopf-Ore extension of a group algebra is one or two or infinite. It is also shown that an arbitrary (finite or infinite dimensional) pointed Hopf algebra of rank one is isomorphic to a quotient of a Hopf-Ore extension of its coradical, a group algebra. Read More

Single-molecule sensitive microscopies and spectroscopies are transforming biophysics and materials science laboratories. Techniques such as fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and single-molecule sensitive fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) are now commonly available in research laboratories but are as yet infrequently available in teaching laboratories. We describe inexpensive electronics and open-source software that bridges this gap, making state-of-the-art measurement research capabilities accessible to undergraduates interested in biophysics. Read More

In this paper, we present new results on using orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP), to solve the sparse approximation problem over redundant dictionaries for complex cases (i.e., complex measurement vector, complex dictionary and complex additive white Gaussian noise (CAWGN)). Read More

To achieve high range resolution profile (HRRP), the geometric theory of diffraction (GTD) parametric model is widely used in stepped-frequency radar system. In the paper, a fast synthetic range profile algorithm, called orthogonal matching pursuit with sensing dictionary (OMP-SD), is proposed. It formulates the traditional HRRP synthetic to be a sparse approximation problem over redundant dictionary. Read More

This paper looks at tungsten samples irradiated by beams of protons, gammas, electrons and positrons at the Jupiter Laser Facility of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The resulting unstable nuclei created are identified using their gamma spectra. These spectra were taken, usually within an hour of irradiation, for periods up to 48 hrs. Read More

We present a flexible quantum-key-distribution-based protocol for quantum private queries. Similar to M. Jakobi et al's protocol [Phys. Read More

We report simulation results of pair production by ultra-intense lasers irradiating a gold target using the GEANT4 Monte-Carlo code. Certain experimental features of the positron and electron energy spectra are reproduced, as well as trends with regard to target thickness and hot electron temperature Te. For Te in the range 5-10 MeV, the optimal target thickness for pair production is found to be about 3 mm. Read More

In this paper, we study the representations of the new finite-dimensional pointed Hopf algebras in positive characteristic given in \cite{Cib09}. We find that these Hopf algebras are symmetric algebras. We determine the simple modules and their projective covers over these Hopf algebras. Read More

Nonlinear stochastic differential equation models with unobservable variables are now widely used in the analysis of PK/PD data. The unobservable variables are often estimated with extended Kalman filter (EKF), and the unknown pharmacokinetic parameters are usually estimated by maximum likelihood estimator. However, EKF is inadequate for nonlinear PK/PD models, and MLE is known to be biased downwards. Read More

In recent years, reversible data hiding has attracted much more attention than before. Reversibility signifies that the original media can be recovered without any loss from the marked media after extracting the embedded message. This paper presents a new method that adopts two-level wavelet transform and exploits the feature of large wavelet coefficient variance to achieve the goal of high capacity with imperceptibility. Read More

We wish to report an experimental observation of anti-correlation from first-order incoherent classical chaotic light. We explain why the classical statistical theory does not apply and provide a quantum interpretation. In quantum theory, either correlation or anti-correlation is a two-photon interference phenomenon, which involves the superposition of two-photon amplitudes, a nonclassical entity corresponding to different yet indistinguishable alternative ways of producing a joint-photodetection event. Read More


We use N-body simulations to survey the response of embedded star clusters to the dispersal of their parent molecular cloud. The final stages of the clusters can be divided into three classes: the cluster (i) is destroyed, (ii) has a loose structure, and (iii) has a compact core. We are interested in three of the governing parameters of the parent cloud: (i) the mass, (ii) the size, and (iii) the dispersing rate. Read More

We have studied electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in diatomic cesium molecules in a vapor cell by using tunable diode lasers. We have observed a sub-natural Lambda-resonance in an absorption molecular band at different cesium vapor pressures. The width of the EIT resonance shows a linear dependence on cesium vapor pressure. Read More

Star clusters are formed in molecular clouds which are believed to be the birth places of most stars. From recent observational data, Lada & Lada 2003 estimated that only 4% to 7% of the clusters embedded inside molecular clouds have survived. An important mechanism for the disruption of embedded (bound)-clusters is the dispersion of the parent cloud by UV radiation, stellar winds and/or supernova explosions. Read More

The quiver Hopf algebras are classified by means of ramification systems with irreducible representations. This leads to the classification of Nichols algebras over group algebras and pointed Hopf algebras of type one. Read More

Affiliations: 1Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek' University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek' University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 3Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek' University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 4Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek' University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Category: Astrophysics

We study the evolution of the mass function in young and dense star clusters by means of direct N-body simulations. Our main aim is to explain the recent observations of the relatively flat mass function observed near the centre of the Arches star cluster. In this region, the power law index of the mass function for stars more massive than about 5-6 solar mass, is larger than the Salpeter value by about unity; whereas further out, and for the lower mass stars, the mass function resembles the Salpeter distribution. Read More

Affiliations: 1NCU, Taiwan, 2NCU, Taiwan
Category: Astrophysics

Star clusters are formed in molecular clouds which are believed to be the birth places of most stars. From recent observational data, Lada & Lada(2003) estimated that only 4 to 7% of the proto-clusters have survived. Many factors could cause this high infant mortality. Read More

We reconstruct the initial two-body relaxation time at the half mass radius for a sample of young $\aplt 300$ Myr star clusters in the large Magellanic cloud. We achieve this by simulating star clusters with 12288 to 131072 stars using direct $N$-body integration. The equations of motion of all stars are calculated with high precision direct $N$-body simulations which include the effects of the evolution of single stars and binaries. Read More

We present high resolution laboratory spectra of K-shell X-ray lines from inner-shell excited and ionized ions of oxygen, obtained with a reflection grating spectrometer on the electron beam ion trap (EBIT-I) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Only with a multi-ion model including all major atomic collisional and radiative processes, are we able to identify the observed K-shell transitions of oxygen ions from \ion{O}{3} to \ion{O}{6}. The wavelengths and associated errors for some of the strongest transitions are given, taking into account both the experimental and modeling uncertainties. Read More