Hu Xu

Hu Xu
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Hu Xu
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Nuclear Theory (9)
 
Nuclear Experiment (8)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (6)
 
Physics - Materials Science (6)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (4)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Hu Xu

Single layer (SL) phosphorus (phosphorene) has drawn considerable research attention recently as a two-dimensional (2D) material for application promises. It is a semiconductor showing superior transport and optical properties. Few-layer or SL black phosphorus has been successfully isolated by exfoliation from bulk crystals and extensively studied thereof for its electronic and optical properties. Read More

The remarkably strong chemical adsorption behaviors of nitric oxide on magnesia (001) film deposited on metal substrate have been investigated by employing periodic density functional calculations with Van der Waals corrections. The molybdenum supported magnesia (001) show significantly enhanced adsorption properties and the nitric oxide is chemisorbed strongly and preferably trapped in flat adsorption configuration on metal supported oxide film, due to the substantially large adsorption energies and transformation barriers. The analysis of Bader charges, projected density of states, differential charge densities, electron localization function, highest occupied orbital and particular orbital with largest Mg-NO-Mg bonding coefficients, are applied to reveal the electronic adsorption properties and characteristics of bonding between nitric oxide and surface as well as the bonding within the hybrid structure. Read More

This paper makes a focused contribution to supervised aspect extraction. It shows that if the system has performed aspect extraction from many past domains and retained their results as knowledge, Conditional Random Fields (CRF) can leverage this knowledge in a lifelong learning manner to extract in a new domain markedly better than the traditional CRF without using this prior knowledge. The key innovation is that even after CRF training, the model can still improve its extraction with experiences in its applications. Read More

One of the key tasks of sentiment analysis of product reviews is to extract product aspects or features that users have expressed opinions on. In this work, we focus on using supervised sequence labeling as the base approach to performing the task. Although several extraction methods using sequence labeling methods such as Conditional Random Fields (CRF) and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) have been proposed, we show that this supervised approach can be significantly improved by exploiting the idea of concept sharing across multiple domains. Read More

Product Community Question Answering (PCQA) provides useful information about products and their features (aspects) that may not be well addressed by product descriptions and reviews. We observe that a product's compatibility issues with other products are frequently discussed in PCQA and such issues are more frequently addressed in accessories, i.e. Read More

Product reviews contain a lot of useful information about product features and customer opinions. One important product feature is the complementary entity (products) that may potentially work together with the reviewed product. Knowing complementary entities of the reviewed product is very important because customers want to buy compatible products and avoid incompatible ones. Read More

The hydrogen peroxide dissociation on MgO(001) films deposited on Mo(001) surface is investigated by employing periodic density-functional theory methods. The pristine MgO(001) surface showing chemical inertness prefers the weak adsorbing molecular configuration and is extremely difficult to react with hydrogen peroxide. As far as we know, energetically favorable decomposition state of hydrogen peroxide has never been obtained on MgO(001) surface. Read More

The dehydrogenation reaction of methanol on metal supported MgO(100) films has been studied by employing periodic density functional calculations. As far as we know, the dehydrogenation of single methanol molecule over inert oxide insulators such as MgO has never been realized before without the introduction of defects and low coordinated atoms. By depositing the very thin oxide films on Mo substrate we have successfully obtained the dissociative state of methanol. Read More

Using evolutionary algorithm and first-principles calculations, we predict a family group of two-dimensional node-line semimetals MX (M=Pd, Pt; X=S, Se, Te), which has zig-zag type mono-layer structure in Pmm2 layer group. Band structure analysis reveals that node-line features are caused by band inversion and the inversion exists even in the absence of spin-orbital-coupling. Tests are carried out to confirm that the node-line loop is protected by crystal symmetry. Read More

Improving reactivity on an insulating surface is crucial due to their important applications in surface catalytic reactions. In this work, we carried out first-principles calculations to investigate the adsorption of O2 on a single-layer MgO(100) film deposited on metal substrate. The adsorption configurations, reaction pathways, molecular dynamics simulations, and electronic properties are reported. Read More

Origen2.1 is a widely used computer code for calculating the burnup, decay, and processing of radioactive materials. However, the nuclide library of Origen2. Read More

The concept of isochronous mass spectrometry (IMS) applying two time-of-flight (TOF) detectors originated many years ago at GSI. However, the corresponding method for data analysis has never been discussed in detail. Recently, two TOF detectors have been installed at CSRe and the new working mode of the ring is under test. Read More

In this paper, we present direct mass measurements of neutron-rich $^{86}$Kr projectile fragments conducted at the HIRFL-CSR facility in Lanzhou by employing the Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) method. The new mass excesses of $^{52-54}$Sc nuclides are determined to be -40492(82), -38928(114), -34654(540) keV, which show a significant increase of binding energy compared to the reported ones in the Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 (AME12). In particular, $^{53}$Sc and $^{54}$Sc are more bound by 0. Read More

Boron (B) sheet has been intently studied and various candidates with vacancies have been proposed by theoretical investigations, including the possible growth on metal surface. However, a recent experiment (Science 350, 1513, 2015) reported that the sheet formed on the Ag(111) surface was a buckled triangular lattice without vacancy. Our calculations combined with High-Throughput screening and the first-principles method demonstrate a novel growth mechanism of boron sheet from clusters, ribbons, to monolayers, where the B-Ag interaction is dominant in the nucleation of boron nanostructures. Read More

The accurate absolute surface energies of (0001)/(000-1) surfaces of wurtzite structures are crucial in determining the thin film growth mode of important energy materials. However, the surface energies still remain to be solved due to the intrinsic difficulty of calculating dangling bond energy of asymmetrically bonded surface atoms. In this study, we used a pseudo-hydrogen passivation method to estimate the dangling bond energy and calculate the polar surfaces of ZnO and GaN. Read More

The dissociation of a hydrogen molecule on MgO(001) films deposited on Mo(001) surface is investigated systematically using periodic density-functional theory method. The unusual adsorption behavior of heterolytic dissociative hydrogen molecule at neighboring surface oxygen and surface magnesium, is clarified here. To my knowledge, this heterolytic dissociative state has never been found before on bulk MgO(001) or metal supported MgO(001) surfaces. Read More

Controlling the dissociation of single water molecule on an insulating surface plays a crucial role in many catalytic reactions. In this Letter, we have identified the enhanced chemical reactivity of ultrathin MgO(100) films deposited on Mo(100) substrate that causes water dissociation. We reveal that the ability to split water on insulating surface closely depends on the lattice mismatch between ultrathin films and the underlying substrate, and substrate-induced in-plane tensile strain dramatically results in water dissociation on MgO(100). Read More

The formation of highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) on metal oxide surfaces have attracted considerable interest due to their diverse applications. In this work, we have performed densi-ty-functional theory calculations to investigate the co-adsorption of oxygen and water on ul-trathin MgO(100) films deposited on Mo(100) substrate. We reveal that the molecular oxygen can be stepwise decomposed completely with the assistance of water. Read More

A new Digital Pulse Processing (DPP) system, based on domino ring sampler version 4 (DRS4), with good time resolution for the LaBr3 detectors has been developed and different digital timing analysis methods for processing the detector raw signals are reported. The system, composed of an eight channels DRS4 chip, was used as the readout electronic and acquisition system to process the outputs signals from XP20D0 Photomultiplier Tubes (PMTs). The PMTs were coupled with LaBr3 scintillator and placed on opposite side of the radioactive positron 22Na source for 511keV gama-ray test. Read More

A new Digital Pulse Processing (DPP) module has been developed, based on a domino ring sampler version 4 chip (DRS4), with good time resolution for LaBr3 detectors, and different digital timing analysis methods for processing the raw detector signals are reported. The module, composed of an eight channel DRS4 chip, was used as the readout electronic and acquisition system to process the output signals from XP20D0 Photomultiplier Tubes (PMTs). Two PMTs were coupled with LaBr3 scintillator and placed face to face on both sides of a radioactive positron 22Na source for 511 keV gama ray tests. Read More

In the present work we explore the production potential of $\Lambda_c(2880)^+$ at PANDA. With the $J^P=\frac{5}{2}^+$ assignment to $\Lambda_c(2880)^+$, we calculate the differential and total cross sections of $p\bar{p}\to \Lambda_c^-\Lambda_c(2880)^+$. We also perform the Dalitz plot analysis and give the $pD^0$ invariant mass spectrum distribution of the process $p\bar{p}\to \Lambda_c^-pD^0$, where the signal and background contributions are considered. Read More

Inspired by the observation of charmonium-like state $X(3915)$, we explore the discovery potential of the $X(3915)$ production via meson photoproduction process. By investigating the $\gamma p \to J/\psi\omega p$ process including the $X(3915)$ signal and background contributions, we obtain the corresponding information of the cross section, the Dalitz plot and the $J/\psi\omega$ invariant mass spectrum, which is helpful to further experimental study of $X(3915)$ via meson photoproduction. Read More

In this work, we explore the production of the newly observed charged charmoniumlike state $Z_c(3900)^\pm$ by the photoproduction process $\gamma p\to Z_c(3900)^+n$. Our numerical result indicates that the maximum of the calculated total cross section of $\gamma p\to Z_c(3900)^+n$ can reach up to the order of $0.1 \mu b$. Read More

A normal pressure MWPC for beam diagnostics at RIBLL2 has been developed, which has a sensitive area of 80 mm$\times$80 mm and consists of three-layer wire planes. The anode plane is designed with a wider frame to reduce the discharge and without using protection wires. The detector has been tested with a $^{55}$Fe X-ray source and a 200 MeV/u $^{12}$C beam from CSRm. Read More

In this work, we calculate the total cross sections and the center-of-mass frame angular distributions of the charmonium production plus a light meson by the low energy $p\bar{p}$ interaction. The results of $p\bar{p}\to \pi^0 \Psi$ with and without form factor (FF) indicate that the FF contribution in the calculation cannot be ignored. The obtained cross section of $p\bar{p}\to \pi^0 J/\psi$ with FF can fit the E760 data well. Read More

Based on a Relativistic Boltzmann-Uehling- Uhlenbeck transport model, proton and $^{3}$He induced reactions on $^{197}$Au target at beam energies of 2.8, 5, 10 and 16.587 GeV/nucleon are studied. Read More

We have developed an effective model to investigate the energetic stability of hydrogenated group-IV nanostructures, followed by validations from first-principles calculations. It is found that the Hamiltonian of X$_{m}$H$_{n}$ (X=C, Si, Ge and Sn) can be expressed analytically by a linear combination of the atom numbers ($m$, $n$), indicating a dominating contribution of X$-$X and X$-$H local interactions. As a result, we explain the stable nanostructures observed experimentally, and provide a reliable and efficient technique of searching the magic structures of diamond nanocrystals(Dia-NCs) and Silicon quantum dots(SiQDs). Read More

We extend our recent phenomenological study of $pN \to NN\pi\pi$ reactions to the $\bar{p}N \to \bar{N}N\pi\pi$ reactions for anti-proton beam momenta up to 3.0 GeV within an effective Lagrangian approach. The contribution of $N^*(1440)$ with its $N\sigma$ decay mode is found to be dominant at the energies close to threshold for $\bar NN\pi^+\pi^-$ and $\bar NN\pi^0\pi^0$ channels. Read More

With an effective Lagrangian approach, we give a full analysis on the $NN \to NN\pi\pi$ and $\bar{N}N\to \bar{N}N\pi\pi$ reactions by exploring the roles of various resonances with mass up to 1.72 GeV. We find large contributions from $\Delta$, $N^*(1440)$, $\Delta(1600)$ and $\Delta(1620)$ resonances. Read More

With an effective Lagrangian approach, we analyze several NN \to NN\pi\pi channels by including various resonances with mass up to 1.72 GeV. For the channels with the pion pair of isospin zero, we confirm the dominance of N*(1440)\to N\sigma in the near threshold region. Read More

The N*(1535) resonance contributions to the pn->d\phi reaction are evaluated in an effective Lagrangian model. The \pi-, \eta-, and \rho-meson exchange are considered. It is shown that the contributions from \pi- and \rho-meson exchange are dominant, while the contribution from \eta-meson exchange is negligibly small. Read More

New measurement by CELSIUS-WASA Collaboration on the pp->pn pi+ reaction reveals clear evidence for the presence of the Roper resonance N*(1440) which has been ignored in previous theoretical calculations. In this article, based on an effective Lagrangian approach and available knowledge on the Roper resonance, we investigate the role of the Roper resonance for the pp->pn pi+ reaction. It is found that the contribution from the Roper resonance N*(1440) becomes significant for kinetic energy above 1. Read More

We have experimentally tested a recently suggested possibility for anomalous sensitivity of the cross sections of dissipative heavy ion collisions. Cross sections for the $^{19}$F+$^{27}$Al dissipative collisions were measured at the fixed energy 118.75 MeV of the $^{19}$F for the 12 different beam spots on the same target foil. Read More

A Relativistic Transport Model (ART1.0) is applied to simulate the stopping effects in tip-tip and body-body U+U collisions, at a beam kinetic energy of 520 MeV/nucleon. Our simulation results have demonstrated that both central collisions of the two extreme orientations can achieve full stopping, and also form a bulk of hot, dense nuclear matter with a sufficiently large volume and long duration, due to the largely deformed uranium nuclei. Read More