Hossein Esfandiari

Hossein Esfandiari
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Hossein Esfandiari

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Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (5)
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (2)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1)

Publications Authored By Hossein Esfandiari

Coverage problems are central in optimization and have a wide range of applications in data mining and machine learning. While several distributed algorithms have been developed for coverage problems, the existing methods suffer from several limitations, e.g. Read More

Maximum coverage and minimum set cover problems --collectively called coverage problems-- have been studied extensively in streaming models. However, previous research not only achieve sub-optimal approximation factors and space complexities, but also study a restricted set arrival model which makes an explicit or implicit assumption on oracle access to the sets, ignoring the complexity of reading and storing the whole set at once. In this paper, we address the above shortcomings, and present algorithms with improved approximation factor and improved space complexity, and prove that our results are almost tight. Read More

In this paper we consider the pairwise kidney exchange game. This game naturally appears in situations that some service providers benefit from pairwise allocations on a network, such as the kidney exchanges between hospitals. Ashlagi et al. Read More

Optimal stopping theory is a powerful tool for analyzing scenarios such as online auctions in which we generally require optimizing an objective function over the space of stopping rules for an allocation process under uncertainty. Perhaps the most classic problems of stopping theory are the prophet inequality problem and the secretary problem. The classical prophet inequality states that by choosing the same threshold OPT/2 for every step, one can achieve the tight competitive ratio of 0. Read More

Recently [Bhattacharya et al., STOC 2015] provide the first non-trivial algorithm for the densest subgraph problem in the streaming model with additions and deletions to its edges, i.e. Read More

Given an edge-weighted directed graph $G=(V,E)$ on $n$ vertices and a set $T=\{t_1, t_2, \ldots, t_p\}$ of $p$ terminals, the objective of the \scss ($p$-SCSS) problem is to find an edge set $H\subseteq E$ of minimum weight such that $G[H]$ contains an $t_{i}\rightarrow t_j$ path for each $1\leq i\neq j\leq p$. In this paper, we investigate the computational complexity of a variant of $2$-SCSS where we have demands for the number of paths between each terminal pair. Formally, the \sharinggeneral problem is defined as follows: given an edge-weighted directed graph $G=(V,E)$ with weight function $\omega: E\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0}$, two terminal vertices $s, t$, and integers $k_1, k_2$ ; the objective is to find a set of $k_1$ paths $F_1, F_2, \ldots, F_{k_1}$ from $s\leadsto t$ and $k_2$ paths $B_1, B_2, \ldots, B_{k_2}$ from $t\leadsto s$ such that $\sum_{e\in E} \omega(e)\cdot \phi(e)$ is minimized, where $\phi(e)= \max \Big\{|\{i\in [k_1] : e\in F_i\}|\ ,\ |\{j\in [k_2] : e\in B_j\}|\Big\}$. Read More

In this paper we present a simple but powerful subgraph sampling primitive that is applicable in a variety of computational models including dynamic graph streams (where the input graph is defined by a sequence of edge/hyperedge insertions and deletions) and distributed systems such as MapReduce. In the case of dynamic graph streams, we use this primitive to prove the following results: -- Matching: First, there exists an $\tilde{O}(k^2)$ space algorithm that returns an exact maximum matching on the assumption the cardinality is at most $k$. The best previous algorithm used $\tilde{O}(kn)$ space where $n$ is the number of vertices in the graph and we prove our result is optimal up to logarithmic factors. Read More

The Erd\H{o}s-Gy\'{a}rf\'{a}s conjecture states that every graph with minimum degree at least three has a cycle whose length is a power of 2. Since this conjecture has proven to be far from reach, Hobbs asked if the Erd\H{o}s-Gy\'{a}rf\'{a}s conjecture holds in claw-free graphs. In this paper, we obtain some results on this question, in particular for cubic claw-free graphs. Read More