Hiroyuki Nakanishi - Kagoshima University

Hiroyuki Nakanishi
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Hiroyuki Nakanishi
Kagoshima University

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (18)
Astrophysics (10)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)

Publications Authored By Hiroyuki Nakanishi

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

We report the Australia Telescope Compact Array 16 cm observation of a merging cluster, CIZA J1358.9-4750. Recent X-ray studies imply that this cluster is composed of binary clusters at an early stage of cluster merger. Read More

The Schmidt law (SF law) in the Milky Way was investigated using 3D distribution maps of HII regions, HI and molecular (\Htwo) gases with spatial resolutions of $\sim 1$ kpc in the Galactic plane and a few tens of pc in the vertical direction. HII regions were shown to be distributed in a star-forming (SF) disk with nearly constant vertical full thickness 92 pc in spatial coincidence with the molecular gas disk. The vertically averaged volume star formation rate (SFR) $\rho_{\rm SFR}$ in the SF disk is related to the surface SFR $\Sigma_{\rm SFR}$ by $\rho_{\rm SFR} /[{\rm M_\odot y^{-1} kpc^{-3}}] =9. Read More

Three dimensional structure of the Aquila Rift of magnetized neutral gas is investigated by analyzing HI and CO line data. The projected distance on the Galactic plane of the HI arch of the Rift is ~250 pc from the Sun. The HI arch emerges at l~ 30 deg, reaches to altitudes as high as ~ 500 pc above the plane at l~ 350deg, and returns to the disk at l~270 deg. Read More

We present simultaneous mappings of J=1-0 emission of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O molecules toward the whole disk (8' x 5' or 20.8 kpc x 13.0 kpc) of the nearby barred spiral galaxy NGC 2903 with the Nobeyama Radio Observatory 45-m telescope at an effective angular resolution of 20" (or 870 pc). Read More

Three dimensional (3D) distribution of the volume-density molecular fraction, defined by fmol_rho=rho_H2/(rho_HI + rho_H2), is studied in the Milky Way Galaxy. The molecular front appears at galacto-centric distance of R \sim 8 kpc, where the phase transition from atomic to molecular hydrogen occurs suddenly with fmol_rho dropping from \sim 0.8 to 0. Read More

We present newly obtained three-dimensional gaseous maps of the Milky Way Galaxy; HI, H$_2$ and total-gas (HI plus H$_2$) maps, which were derived from the HI and $^{12}$CO($J=1$--0) survey data and rotation curves based on the kinematic distance. The HI and H$_2$ face-on maps show that the HI disk is extended to the radius of 15--20 kpc and its outskirt is asymmetric to the Galactic center, while most of the H$_2$ gas is distributed inside the solar circle. The total gas mass within radius 30 kpc amounts to $8. Read More

We report polarimetry results of a merging cluster of galaxies Abell 2256 with Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (JVLA). We performed new observations with JVLA at S-band (2051-3947 MHz) and X-band (8051-9947 MHz) in the C array configuration, and detected significant polarized emissions from the radio relic, Source A, and Source B in this cluster. Read More

We conducted astrometric VLBI observations of water-vapor maser emission in the massive star forming region IRAS 21379+5106 to measure the annual parallax and proper motion, using VERA. The annual parallax was measured to be $0.262 \pm 0. Read More

The 21cm line brightness temperature brings rich information about Epoch of Reionizaton (EoR) and high-$z$ universe (Cosmic Dawn and Dark Age). While the power spectrum is a useful tool to investigate the EoR signal statistically, higher-order statistics such as bispectrum are also valuable because the EoR signal is expected to be highly non-Gaussian. In this paper, we develop a formalism to calculate the bispectrum contributed from the thermal noise taking array configularion of telescopes into account, by extending a formalism for the power spectrum \cite{2006ApJ. Read More

We present the results of the wide-field $^{12}$CO (1--0) observations of the nearby barred galaxy M83 carried out with the Nobeyama Millimeter Array (NMA). The interferometric data are combined with the data obtained with the Nobeyama 45-m telescope to recover the total-flux. The target fields of the observations cover the molecular bar and part of the spiral arms, with a spatial resolution of ~110 pc x 260 pc. Read More

We report on Mopra observations toward the young massive star cluster RSGC 1, adjoined by, and possibly associated with the gamma-ray source HESS J1837-069. We measure the CO (J=1-0) distribution around the cluster and gamma-ray source, and find that the cluster is slightly higher than the velocity ranges associated with the Crux-Scutum arm. We reveal the cluster is associated with much less molecular gas compared with other young massive clusters in the Galaxy, Westerlund 1 (Wd 1) and 2 (Wd 2), which also radiate gamma-rays. Read More

We present analyses to determine the fundamental parameters of the Galaxy based on VLBI astrometry of 52 Galactic maser sources obtained with VERA, VLBA and EVN. We model the Galaxy's structure with a set of parameters including the Galaxy center distance R_0, the angular rotation velocity at the LSR Omega_0, mean peculiar motion of the sources with respect to Galactic rotation (U_src, V_src, W_src), rotation-curve shape index, and the V component of the Solar peculiar motions V_sun. Based on a Markov chain Monte Carlo method, we find that the Galaxy center distance is constrained at a 5% level to be R_0 = 8. Read More

Affiliations: 1Kagoshima University, 2Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 3Kagoshima University, 4Kagoshima University, 5Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 6Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, NAOJ

We present the astrometric VLBI observations of water masers associated with IRAS 22480+6002 (IRC+60370, hereafter I22480) with the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA). The stellar type of I22480 looks unusual as a stellar maser source and has been debated since the 1970s. We successfully determined the annual parallax of a group of the water maser spots, pi=0. Read More

We present results of 12CO (1--0) and 13CO (1--0) observations of the northeastern spiral arm segment of IC 342 with a ~50pc resolution carried out with the Nobeyama Millimeter Array. Zero-spacing components were recovered by combining with the existing data taken with the Nobeyama 45m telescope. The objective of this study is to investigate the variation of cloud properties across the spiral arm with a resolution comparable to the size of giant molecular clouds (GMCs). Read More

We present the results of the Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NRO) M33 All Disk (30'x30' or 7.3 kpc x 7.3 kpc) Survey of Giant Molecular Clouds (NRO MAGiC) based on 12CO (1-0) observations using the NRO 45-m telescope. Read More

We have performed the astrometry of H2O masers in the Galactic star-forming region Onsala 2 North (ON2N) with the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry.We obtained the trigonometric parallax of 0.261+/-0. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Tokyo, 2University of Tokyo, 3University of Tokyo, 4University of Tokyo, 5University of Tokyo

We present a revised method for simultaneous determination of the pattern speed and star formation timescale of spiral galaxies, its application, and results for CO and Ha images of nearby spiral galaxies. Out of 13 galaxies, we were able to derive the 2 parameters for 5 galaxies. We categorize them as "C" galaxies, and find (1) The corotation radius is close to the edge of the CO data, and is about half of the optical radius for 3 galaxies. Read More

We report $^{12}$CO($J=$3--2) observations of 15 nearby elliptical galaxies carried out with the ASTE telescope. Thirteen were selected without regard to the presence of other tracers of cold interstellar matter. CO emission was detected from three of the galaxies, two of which are undetected by IRAS at 100 microns, suggesting that cold ISM may be present in more ellipticals than previously thought. Read More

We found high molecular fractions ($f_{\rm mol}$; ratio of the molecular to total gas surface densities) in three of five Virgo spiral galaxies in spite of their low total gas column density, based on $^{12}$CO$(J=1-0)$ observations with the Nobeyama 45 m telescope equipped with a multi-beam receiver, BEARS. We interpret this as a result of environmental effects. Combining the CO data with HI data, the relationship between the surface density of the total gas (HI plus H$_2$) and $f_{\rm mol}$ indicates that the three galaxies near the cluster center have larger $f_{\rm mol}$ values than expected for field galaxies, while the others show normal $f_{\rm mol}$. Read More

Star formation rates (SFRs) obtained via extinction corrected H alpha are compared to dense gas as traced by CO(J=3-2) emission at the centers of nearby galaxies, observed with the ASTE telescope. It is found that, although many of the observed positions are dusty and therefore heavily absorbed at H alpha, the SFR shows a striking correlation with dense gas in the form of the Schmidt law with an index 1.0. Read More

We created a three-dimensional distribution map of molecular gas throughout the Milky Way Galaxy using the latest $^{12}$CO($J=$1--0) survey data cube and rotation curve based on the kinematic distance. The radial distribution of the molecular gas shows a central peak and a second peak around 0.5 $R_0$. Read More

We present high-resolution ($1\farcs8$ -- $4\farcs5$) CO data of the Virgo spiral galaxy NGC 4569, obtained using the Nobeyama Millimeter Array. We found that the molecular gas is highly concentrated in the circumnuclear region with two off-center peaks. A CO image with the highest angular resolution of $2\farcs0 \times 1\farcs8$ shows that six blobs likely form a circumnuclear elliptical ring (CER) with a semi-major axis radius of 720 pc. Read More

We have combined Halpha and recent high resolution CO(J=1-0) data to consider the quantitative relation between gas mass and star formation rate, or the so-called Schmidt law in nearby spiral galaxies at regions of high molecular density. The relation between gas quantity and star formation rate has not been previously studied for high density regions, but using high resolution CO data obtained at the NMA(Nobeyama Millimeter Array), we have found that the Schmidt law is valid at densities as high as $10^3 \mathrm{M_\odot} \mathrm{pc}^{-2}$ for the sample spiral galaxies, which is an order of magnitude denser than what has been known to be the maximum density at which the empirical law holds for non-starburst galaxies. Furthermore, we obtain a Schmidt law index of $N=1. Read More

We examined offsets between HII regions and molecular clouds belonging to spiral arms of a late type spiral galaxy NGC 4254 (M99). We used a high resolution CO(1-0) image obtained by Nobeyama Millimeter Array (NMA) and an H-alpha image. We derived angular offsets (theta) in the galactic disk, and found that these offsets show a linear dependence on the angular rotation velocity of gas (Omega_G). Read More

We propose a method for determining the two-dimensional orbits of interstellar matter (ISM) in galactic disks using observed line-of-sight velocity fields. Although four components, consisting of two of position and two of velocity, are necessary to determine two-dimensional orbits, the velocity perpendicular to the line of sight can hardly be determined from observations. We show that the ISM orbits can be approximately determined by assuming that (1) the angular momentum is conserved along each orbit, (2) all orbits are closed in a single rotating frame, and (3) the system is symmetric through the origin. Read More

We derived the three-dimensional distribution of HI gas in the Milky Way Galaxy using the latest HI survey data cubes and rotation curves. The distance of the HI gas was determined by the kinematic distance using a rotation curve. We solved the near-far problem in the inner Galaxy by a fitting method which involves introducing a model of vertical HI distribution. Read More

We present high-angular-resolution (1".5 - 5") interferometer observations of the \co emission in the central region of the SA(s)c galaxy NGC 4254. The observations were obtained using the Nobeyama Millimeter-wave Array (NMA) during the course of a long-term CO line survey of Virgo spirals. Read More