Hiroaki Kanno - Dept. Math., Hiroshima Univ.

Hiroaki Kanno
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Hiroaki Kanno
Dept. Math., Hiroshima Univ.

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High Energy Physics - Theory (30)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (4)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (2)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (2)

Publications Authored By Hiroaki Kanno

We derive the generalization of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation (KZE) associated with the Ding-Iohara-Miki (DIM) algebra U_{q,t}(\widehat{\widehat{\mathfrak{gl}}}_1). We demonstrate that certain refined topological string amplitudes satisfy these equations and find that the braiding transformations are performed by the R-matrix of U_{q,t}(\widehat{\widehat{\mathfrak{gl}}}_1). The resulting syste is the uplifting of the \widehat{\mathfrak{u}}_1 Wess-Zumino-Witten model. Read More

R-matrix is explicitly constructed for simplest representations of the Ding-Iohara-Miki algebra. The calculation is straightforward and significantly simpler than the one through the universal R-matrix used for a similar calculation in the Yangian case by A.~Smirnov but less general. Read More

Dotsenko-Fateev and Chern-Simons matrix models, which describe Nekrasov functions for SYM theories in different dimensions, are all incorporated into network matrix models with the hidden Ding-Iohara-Miki (DIM) symmetry. This lifting is especially simple for what we call balanced networks. Then, the Ward identities (known under the names of Virasoro/W-constraints or loop equations or regularity condition for qq-characters) are also promoted to the DIM level, where they all become corollaries of a single identity. Read More

We present ALH hyperkahler metrics induced from well-separated SU(2) monopole walls which are equivalent to monopoles on T^2 x R. The metrics are explicitly obtained due to Manton's observation by using explicit monopole solutions. These are doubly-periodic and have the modular invariance with respect to the complex structure of the complex torus T^2. Read More

We explore the proposal that the six-dimensional (2,0) theory on the Riemann surface with irregular punctures leads to a four-dimensional gauge theory coupled to the isolated N=2 superconformal theories of Argyres-Douglas type, and to two-dimensional conformal field theory with irregular states. Following the approach of Gaiotto-Teschner for the Virasoro case, we construct W_3 irregular states by colliding a single SU(3) puncture with several regular punctures of simple type. If n simple punctures are colliding with the SU(3) puncture, the resulting irregular state is a simultaneous eigenvector of the positive modes L_n, . Read More

M-theoretic construction of N=2 gauge theories implies that the instanton partition function is expressed as the scalar product of coherent states (Whittaker states) in the Verma module of an appropriate two dimensional conformal field theory. We present the characterizing conditions for such states that give the partition function with fundamental hypermultiplets for SU(3) theory and SU(2) theory with a surface operator. We find the states are no longer the coherent states in the strict sense but we can characterize them in terms of a few annihilation operators of lower levels combined with the zero mode (Cartan part) of the Virasoro algebra L_0 or the sl(2) current algebra J_0^0. Read More

We describe the moduli space of SU(N) instantons in the presence of a general surface operator of type N=n_1+ ... Read More

Following a recent paper by Alday and Tachikawa, we compute the instanton partition function in the presence of the surface operator by the localization formula on the moduli space. For SU(2) theories we find an exact agreement with CFT correlation functions with a degenerate operator insertion, which enables us to work out the decoupling limit of the superconformal theory with four flavors to asymptotically free theories at the level of differential equations for CFT correlation functions (irregular conformal blocks). We also argue that the K theory (or five dimensional) lift of these computations gives open topological string amplitudes on local Hirzebruch surface and its blow ups, which is regarded as a geometric engineering of the surface operator. Read More

Using a power sum (boson) realization for the Macdonald operators, we investigate the Gukov, Iqbal, Kozcaz and Vafa (GIKV) proposal for the homological invariants of the colored Hopf link, which include Khovanov-Rozansky homology as a special case. We prove the polynomiality of the invariants obtained by GIKV's proposal for arbitrary representations. We derive a closed formula of the invariants of the colored Hopf link for antisymmetric representations. Read More

We consider a topological quiver matrix model which is expected to give a dual description of the instanton dynamics of topological U(N) gauge theory on D6 branes. The model is a higher dimensional analogue of the ADHM matrix model that leads to Nekrasov's partition function. The fixed points of the toric action on the moduli space are labeled by colored plane partitions. Read More

We consider the issue of the slice invariance of refined topological string amplitudes, which means that they are independent of the choice of the preferred direction of the refined topological vertex. We work out two examples. The first example is a geometric engineering of five-dimensional U(1) gauge theory with a matter. Read More

It has been argued that the Nekrasov's partition function gives the generating function of refined BPS state counting in the compactification of M theory on local Calabi-Yau spaces. We show that a refined version of the topological vertex we proposed before (hep-th/0502061) is a building block of the Nekrasov's partition function with two equivariant parameters. Compared with another refined topological vertex by Iqbal-Kozcaz-Vafa (hep-th/0701156), our refined vertex is expressed entirely in terms of the specialization of the Macdonald symmetric functions which is related to the equivariant character of the Hilbert scheme of points on C^2. Read More

We compute one-point function of the glueball loop operator in the maximally confining phase of supersymmetric gauge theory using instanton calculus. In the maximally confining phase the residual symmetry is the diagonal U(1) subgroup and the localization formula implies that the chiral correlation functions are the sum of the contributions from each fixed point labeled by the Young diagram. The summation can be performed exactly by operator formalism of free fermions, which also featured in the equivariant Gromov-Witten theory of P^1. Read More

We compute topological one-point functions of the chiral operator Tr \phi^k in the maximally confining phase of U(N) supersymmetric gauge theory. These one-point functions are polynomials in the equivariant parameter \hbar and the parameter of instanton expansion q=\Lambda^{2N} and are of particular interest from gauge/string theory correspondence, since they are related to the Gromov-Witten theory of P^1. Based on a combinatorial identity that gives summation formula over Young diagrams of relevant functions, we find a relation among chiral one-point functions, which recursively determines the \hbar expansion of the generating function of one-point functions. Read More

We establish a formula of the large N factorization of the modular S-matrix for the coupled representations in U(N) Chern-Simons theory. The formula was proposed by Aganagic, Neitzke and Vafa, based on computations involving the conifold transition. We present a more rigorous proof that relies on the universal character for rational representations and an expression of the modular S-matrix in terms of the specialization of characters. Read More

We argue the connection of Nekrasov's partition function in the \Omega background and the moduli space of D-branes, suggested by the idea of geometric engineering and Gopakumar-Vafa invariants. In the instanton expansion of N=2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory the Nakrasov's partition function with equivariant parameters \epsilon_1, \epsilon_2 of toric action on C^2 factorizes correctly as the character of SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R spin representation. We show that up to two instantons the spin contents are consistent with the Lefschetz action on the moduli space of D2-branes on (local) F_0. Read More

We consider the geometric transition and compute the all-genus topological string amplitudes expressed in terms of Hopf link invariants and topological vertices of Chern-Simons gauge theory. We introduce an operator technique of 2-dimensional CFT which greatly simplifies the computations. We in particular show that in the case of local Calabi-Yau manifolds described by toric geometry basic amplitudes are written as vacuum expectation values of a product vertex operators and thus appear quite similar to the Veneziano amplitudes of the old dual resonance models. Read More

We apply the method of geometric transition and compute all genus topological closed string amplitudes compactified on local {\bf F}_0 by making use of the Chern-Simons gauge theory. We find an exact agreement of the results of our computation with the formula proposed recently by Nekrasov for {\cal N}=2 SU(2) gauge theory with two parameters \beta and \hbar. \beta is related to the size of the fiber of {\bf F}_0 and \hbar corresponds to the string coupling constant. Read More

Asymptotically locally conical (ALC) metric of exceptional holonomy has an asymptotic circle bundle structure that accommodates the M theory circle in type IIA reduction. Taking Spin(7) metrics of cohomogeneity one as explicit examples, we investigate deformations of ALC metrics, in particular that change the asymptotic S^1 radius related to the type IIA string coupling constant. When the canonical four form of Spin(7) holonomy is taken to be anti-self-dual, the deformations of Spin(7) metric are related to the harmonic self-dual four forms, which are given by solutions to a system of first order differential equations, due to the metric ansatz of cohomogeneity one. Read More

We continue the investigation of Spin(7) holonomy metric of cohomogeneity one with the principal orbit SU(3)/U(1). A special choice of U(1) embedding in SU(3) allows more general metric ansatz with five metric functions. There are two possible singular orbits in the first order system of Spin(7) instanton equation. Read More

We investigate the $Spin(7)$ holonomy metric of cohomogeneity one with the principal orbit $SU(3)/U(1)$. A choice of U(1) in the two dimensional Cartan subalgebra is left as free and this allows manifest $\Sigma_3=W(SU(3))$ (= the Weyl group) symmetric formulation. We find asymptotically locally conical (ALC) metrics as octonionic gravitational instantons. Read More

We study the dynamics of 5-dimensional gauge theory on $M_4\times S^1$ by compactifying type II/M theory on degenerate Calabi-Yau manifolds. We use the local mirror symmetry and shall show that the prepotential of the 5-dimensional SU(2) gauge theory without matter is given exactly by that of the type II string theory compactified on the local ${\bf F}_2$, i.e. Read More

We study the Donaldson-Witten function in four-dimensional topological gauge theory which is constructed from N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory with $N_f < 4$ massless fundamental hypermultiplets. When $N_f = 2,3$, the strong-coupling singularities with multiple massless monopoles appear in the moduli space (the u-plane) of the Coulomb branch. We show that the invariants made out of such singularities exhibit a property which is similar to the one expected for four-manifolds of generalized simple type. Read More

Affiliations: 1Dept. Math., Hiroshima Univ., 2Res. Inst. Math. Sci., Kyoto Univ.

Five dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory compactified on a circle defines an effective N=2 supersymmetric theory for massless fields in four dimensions. Based on the relativistic Toda chain Hamiltonian proposed by Nekrasov, we derive the Picard-Fuchs equation on the moduli space of the Coulomb branch of SU(2) gauge theory. Our Picard-Fuchs equation agrees with those from other approaches; the spectral curve of XXZ spin chain and supersymmetric cycle in compactified M theory. Read More

We construct a generalization of the two-dimensional Wess-Zumino-Witten model on a $2n$-dimensional K\"ahler manifold as a group-valued non-linear sigma model with an anomaly term containing the K\"ahler form. The model is shown to have an infinite-dimensional symmetry which generates an $n$-toroidal Lie algebra. The classical equation of motion turns out to be the Donaldson-Uhlenbeck-Yau equation, which is a $2n$-dimensional generalization of the self-dual Yang-Mills equation. Read More

We investigate the structure of an infinite-dimensional symmetry of the four-dimensional K\"ahler WZW model, which is a possible extension of the two-dimensional WZW model. We consider the SL(2,R) group and, using the Gauss decomposition method, we derive a current algebra identified with a two-toroidal Lie algebra, a generalization of the affine Kac-Moody algebra. We also give an expression of the energy-momentum tensor in terms of currents and extra terms. Read More

In cohomological field theory we can obtain topological invariants as correlation functions of BRS cohomology classes. A proper understanding of BRS cohomology which gives non-trivial results requires the equivariant cohomology theory. Both topological Yang-Mills theory and topological string theory are typical examples of this fact. Read More

We show that there is a series of topological string theories whose integrable structure is described by the Toda lattice hierarchy. The monodromy group of the Frobenius manifold for the matter sector is an extension of the affine Weyl group $\widetilde W (A_N^{(1)})$ introduced by Dubrovin. These models are generalizations of the topological $CP^1$ string theory with scaling violation. Read More

We obtain a new free field realization of $N=2$ super $W_{3}$ algebra using the technique of quantum hamiltonian reduction. The construction is based on a particular choice of the simple root system of the affine Lie superalgebra $sl(3|2)^{(1)}$ associated with a non-standard $sl(2)$ embedding. After twisting and a similarity transformation, this $W$ algebra can be identified as the extended topological conformal algebra of non-critical $W_{3}$ string theory. Read More

We study the hamiltonian reduction of affine Lie superalgebra $sl(2|1)^{(1)}$. Based on a scalar Lax operator formalism, we derive the free field realization of the classical topological topological algebra which appears in the $c\leq1$ non-critical strings. In the quantum case, we analyze the BRST cohomology to get the quantum free field expression of the algebra. Read More