# Helmut Abels

## Contact Details

NameHelmut Abels |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesMathematics - Analysis of PDEs (24) Physics - Fluid Dynamics (4) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (3) Mathematics - Spectral Theory (2) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) Mathematical Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Helmut Abels

We consider the sharp interface limit of a coupled Stokes/Allen-Cahn system, when a parameter $\varepsilon>0$ that is proportional to the thickness of the diffuse interface tends to zero, in a two dimensional bounded domain. For sufficiently small times we prove convergence of the solutions of the Stokes/Allen-Cahn system to solutions of a sharp interface model, where the interface evolution is given by the mean curvature equation with an additional convection term coupled to a two-phase Stokes system with an additional contribution to the stress tensor, which describes the capillary stress. To this end we construct a suitable approximation of the solution of the Stokes/Allen-Cahn system, using three levels of the terms in the formally matched asymptotic calculations, and estimate the difference with the aid of a suitable refinement of a spectral estimate of the linearized Allen-Cahn operator. Read More

New diffuse interface and sharp interface models for soluble and insoluble surfactants fulfilling energy inequalities are introduced. We discuss their relation with the help of asymptotic analysis and present an existence result for a particular diffuse interface model. Read More

In this paper we discuss some spectral invariance results for non-smooth pseudodifferential operators with coefficients in H\"older spaces. In analogy to the proof in the smooth case of Beals and Ueberberg, we use the characterization of non-smooth pseudodifferential operators to get such a result. The main new difficulties are the limited mapping properties of pseudodifferential operators with non-smooth symbols and the fact, that in general the composition of two non-smooth pseudodifferential operators is not a pseudodifferential operator. Read More

Smooth pseudodifferential operators on $\mathbb{R}^n$ can be characterized by their mapping properties between $L^p-$Sobolev spaces due to Beals and Ueberberg. In applications such a characterization would also be useful in the non-smooth case, for example to show the regularity of solutions of a partial differential equation. Therefore, we will show that every linear operator $P$, which satisfies some specific continuity assumptions, is a non-smooth pseudodifferential operator of the symbol-class $C^{\tau} S^m_{1,0}(\mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n)$. Read More

We consider weak solutions for a diffuse interface model of two non-Newtonian viscous, incompressible fluids of power-law type in the case of different densities in a bounded, sufficiently smooth domain. This leads to a coupled system of a nonhomogenouos generalized Navier-Stokes system and a Cahn-Hilliard equation. For the Cahn-Hilliard part a smooth free energy density and a constant, positive mobility is assumed. Read More

Although standard planar double bubbles are stable in the sense that the second variation of the perimeter functional is non-negative for all area-preserving perturbations the question arises whether they are dynamically stable. By presenting connections between these two concepts of stability for double bubbles, we prove that standard planar double bubbles are stable under the surface diffusion flow via the generalized principle of linearized stability in parabolic H\"older spaces. Read More

We analyse a diffuse interface type approximation, known as the diffuse domain approach, of a linear coupled bulk-surface elliptic partial differential system. The well-posedness of the diffuse domain approximation is shown using weighted Sobolev spaces and we prove that the solution to the diffuse domain approximation converges weakly to the solution of the coupled bulk-surface elliptic system as the approximation parameter tends to zero. Moreover, we can show strong convergence for the bulk quantity, while for the surface quantity, we can show norm convergence and strong convergence in a weighted Sobolev space. Read More

Convergence to stationary solutions in fully nonlinear parabolic systems with general nonlinear boundary conditions is shown in situations where the set of stationary solutions creates a $C^2$-manifold of finite dimension which is normally stable. We apply the parabolic H\"older setting which allows to deal with nonlocal terms including highest order point evaluation. In this direction some theorems concerning the linearized systems is also extended. Read More

We show the short-time existence and uniqueness of solutions for the motion of an evolving hypersurface in contact with a solid container driven by volume-preserving mean curvature flow (MCF) taking line tension effects on the boundary into account. Difficulties arise due to dynamic boundary conditions and due to the contact angle and the non-local nature of the resulting second order, nonlinear PDE. In addition, we prove the same result for the Willmore flow with line tension, which results in a nonlinear PDE of fourth order. Read More

We show stability of spherical caps (SCs) lying on a flat surface, where the motion is governed by the volume-preserving Mean Curvature Flow (MCF). Moreover, we introduce a dynamic boundary condition that models a line tension effect on the boundary. The proof is based on the generalized principle of linearized stability Read More

We prove rigorously the convergence of the Cahn-Larch\'e system, which is a Cahn-Hilliard system coupled with the system of linearized elasticity, to a modified Hele-Shaw problem as long as a classical solution of the latter system exists. By matched asymptotic expansion we construct approximate solutions and estimate the difference between the true and the approximate solutions. Read More

Existence and uniqueness of local strong solution for the Beris--Edwards model for nematic liquid crystals, which couples the Navier-Stokes equations with an evolution equation for the Q-tensor, is established on a bounded domain in the case of homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. The classical Beris--Edwards model is enriched by including a dependence of the fluid viscosity on the Q-tensor. The proof is based on a linearization of the system and Banach's fixed-point theorem. Read More

We prove short-time well-posedness and existence of global weak solutions of the Beris--Edwards model for nematic liquid crystals in the case of a bounded domain with inhomogeneous mixed Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. The system consists of the Navier-Stokes equations coupled with an evolution equation for the $Q$-tensor. The solutions possess higher regularity in time of order one compared to the class of weak solutions with finite energy. Read More

We consider a Cahn-Hilliard equation which is the conserved gradient flow of a nonlocal total free energy functional. This functional is characterized by a Helmholtz free energy density, which can be of logarithmic type. Moreover, the spatial interactions between the different phases are modeled by a singular kernel. Read More

We consider a phase field model for the flow of two partly miscible incompressible, viscous fluids of Non-Newtonian (power law) type. In the model it is assumed that the densities of the fluids are equal. We prove existence of weak solutions for general initial data and arbitrarily large times with the aid of a parabolic Lipschitz truncation method, which preserves solenoidal velocity fields and was recently developed by Breit, Diening, and Schwarzacher. Read More

We discuss the sharp interface limit of a diffuse interface model for a two-phase flow of two partly miscible viscous Newtonian fluids of different densities, when a certain parameter \epsilon>0 related to the interface thickness tends to zero. In the case that the mobility stays positive or tends to zero slower than linearly in \epsilon we will prove that weak solutions tend to varifold solutions of a corresponding sharp interface model. But, if the mobility tends to zero faster than \epsilon^3 we will show that certain radially symmetric solutions tend to functions, which will not satisfy the Young-Laplace law at the interface in the limit. Read More

We prove existence of weak solutions for a diffuse interface model for the flow of two viscous incompressible Newtonian fluids in a bounded domain by allowing for a degenerate mobility. The model has been developed by Abels, Garcke and Gr\"un for fluids with different densities and leads to a solenoidal velocity field. It is given by a non-homogeneous Navier-Stokes system with a modified convective term coupled to a Cahn-Hilliard system, such that an energy estimate is fulfilled which follows from the fact that the model is thermodynamically consistent. Read More

We consider a two-phase problem for two incompressible, viscous and immiscible fluids which are separated by a sharp interface. The problem arises as a sharp interface limit of a diffuse interface model. We present results on local existence of strong solutions and on the long-time behavior of solutions which start close to an equilibrium. Read More

We prove existence of weak solutions for a diffuse interface model for the flow of two viscous incompressible Newtonian fluids in a bounded domain in two and three space dimensions. In contrast to previous works, we study a new model recently developed by Abels, Garcke, and Gr\"un for fluids with different densities, which leads to a solenoidal velocity field. The model is given by a non-homogeneous Navier-Stokes system with a modified convective term coupled to a Cahn-Hilliard system. Read More

We study a diffuse interface model for the flow of two viscous incompressible Newtonian fluids in a bounded domain. The fluids are assumed to be macroscopically immiscible, but a partial mixing in a small interfacial region is assumed in the model. Moreover, diffusion of both components is taken into account. Read More

A new diffuse interface model for a two-phase flow of two incompressible fluids with different densities is introduced using methods from rational continuum mechanics. The model fulfills local and global dissipation inequalities and is also generalized to situations with a soluble species. Using the method of matched asymptotic expansions we derive various sharp interface models in the limit when the interfacial thickness tends to zero. Read More

For a strongly elliptic second-order operator $A$ on a bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ it has been known for many years how to interpret the general closed $L_2(\Omega)$-realizations of $A$ as representing boundary conditions (generally nonlocal), when the domain and coefficients are smooth. The purpose of the present paper is to extend this representation to nonsmooth domains and coefficients, including the case of H\"older $C^{\frac32+\varepsilon}$-smoothness, in such a way that pseudodifferential methods are still available for resolvent constructions and ellipticity considerations. We show how it can be done for domains with $B^\frac32_{p,2}$-smoothness and operators with $H^1_q$-coefficients, for suitable $p>2(n-1)$ and $q>n$. Read More

The asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of three-dimensional nonlinear elastodynamics in a thin plate is studied, as the thickness $h$ of the plate tends to zero. Under appropriate scalings of the applied force and of the initial values in terms of $h$, it is shown that three-dimensional solutions of the nonlinear elastodynamic equation converge to solutions of the time-dependent von K\'arm\'an plate equation. Read More

We introduce a new sharp interface model for the flow of two immiscible, viscous, incompressible fluids. In contrast to classical models for two-phase flows we prescribe an evolution law for the interfaces that takes diffusional effects into account. This leads to a coupled system of Navier-Stokes and Mullins-Sekerka type parts that coincides with the asymptotic limit of a diffuse interface model. Read More