Hang Xiao

Hang Xiao
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Hang Xiao

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Pub Categories

Physics - Materials Science (6)
Physics - Chemical Physics (3)
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (2)
Quantum Physics (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)

Publications Authored By Hang Xiao

The self-assembly mechanism of one-end-open carbon nanotubes (CNTs) suspended in an aqueous solution was studied by molecular dynamics simulations. It was shown that two one-end-open CNTs with different diameters can coaxially self-assemble into a nanocapsule. The nanocapsules formed were stable in aqueous solution under ambient conditions, and the pressure inside the nanocapsule was much higher than the ambient pressure due to the van der Waals interactions between two parts of the nanocapsule. Read More

A novel bilayer is introduced, consisting of a stiff film adhered to a soft substrate with patterned holes beneath the film and substrate interface. To uncover the transition of surface patterns, two dimensional plane strain simulations are performed on the defected bilayer subjected to uniaxial compression. Although the substrate is considered as the linear elastic material, the presence of defects can directly trigger the formation of locally ridged and then folding configurations from flat surface with a relatively small compressive strain. Read More

Pimple is one of the most common skin diseases for humans. The mechanical modeling of pimple growth is very limited. A finite element model is developed to quantify the deformation field with the expansion of follicle, and then the mechanical stimulus is related to the sensation of pain during the development of pimple. Read More

Based on extensive evolutionary algorithm driven structural search, we propose a new diphosphorus trisulfide (P2S3) 2D crystal, which is dynamically, thermally and chemically stable as confirmed by the computed phonon spectrum and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. This 2D crystalline phase of P2S3 corresponds to the global minimum in the Born-Oppenheimer surface of the phosphorus sulfide monolayers with 2:3 stoichiometries. It is a wide band gap (4. Read More

Ion hydrations are ubiquitous in natural and fundamental processes. A quantitative analysis of a novel CO2 sorbent driven by ion hydrations was presented by molecular dynamics (MD). We explored the humidity effect on the diffusion and structure of ion hydrations in CO2 sorbent, as well as the working mechanism of the moisture-swing CO2 sorbent. Read More

The hydration of ions in nanoscale hydrated clusters is ubiquitous and essential in many physical and chemical processes. Here we show that the hydrolysis reaction is strongly affected by relative humidity. The hydrolysis of CO32- with n = 1-8 water molecules is investigated by ab initio method. Read More

ReaxFF provides a method to model reactive chemical systems in large-scale molecular dynamics simulations. Here, we developed ReaxFF parameters for phosphorus and hydrogen to give a good description of the chemical and mechanical properties of pristine and defected black phosphorene. ReaxFF for P/H is transferable to a wide range of phosphorus and hydrogen containing systems including bulk black phosphorus, blue phosphorene, edge-hydrogenated phosphorene, phosphorus clusters and phosphorus hydride molecules. Read More

A novel system containing nanoporous materials and carbonate ions is proposed, which is capable to capture CO2 from ambient air simply by controlling the amount of water (humidity) in the system. The system absorbs CO2 from the air when the surrounding is dry, whereas desorbs CO2 when wet. A design of such a CO2 absorption/desorption system is investigated in this paper using molecular dynamics and quantum mechanics simulations, and also verified by experiments. Read More

Two-dimensional materials have attracted tremendous attention for their fascinating electronic, optical, chemical and mechanical properties. However, the band gaps of most 2D materials reported are smaller than 2.0 eV, which greatly restricted their optoelectronic applications in blue and ultraviolet range of the spectrum. Read More

Today, 2D semiconductor materials have been extended into the nitrogen group: phosphorene, arsenene, antimonene and even nitrogene. Motivated by them, based upon first-principles density functional calculations, we propose a new two-dimensional phosphorus nitride (PN) structure that is stable well above the room temperature, due to its extremely high cohesive energy. Unlike phosphorene, PN structure is resistant to high temperature oxidation. Read More

Using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we explore the structural stability and mechanical integrity of phosphorene nanotubes (PNTs), where the intrinsic strain in the tubular PNT structure plays an important role. It is proposed that the atomic structure of larger-diameter armchair PNTs (armPNTs) can remain stable at higher temperature, but the high intrinsic strain in the hoop direction renders zigzag PNTs (zigPNTs) less favorable. The mechanical properties of PNTs, including the Young's modulus and fracture strength, are sensitive to the diameter, showing a size dependence. Read More

The effects of size, strain, and vacancies on thermal properties of armchair black phosphorus nanotubes are investigated based on qualitative analysis from molecular dynamics simulations. It is found that the thermal conductivity has a remarkable size effect because of the restricted paths for phonon transport, strongly depending on the diameter and length of nanotube. Owing to the intensified low-frequency phonons, axial tensile strain can facilitate thermal transport. Read More

It has been predicted that particles with imaginary mass, called tachyons, would be able to travel faster than the speed of light. There has not been any experimental evidence for tachyons occurring naturally. Here, we propose how to experimentally simulate Dirac tachyons with trapped ions. Read More

We propose a physical implementation of time and spatial parity transformations, as well as Galilean boosts, in a trapped-ion quantum simulator. By embedding the simulated model into an enlarged simulating Hilbert space, these fundamental symmetry operations can be fully realized and measured with ion traps. We illustrate our proposal with analytical and numerical techniques of prototypical examples with state-of-the-art trapped-ion platforms. Read More