# Hadas Shachnai

## Publications Authored By Hadas Shachnai

We present a combinatorial algorithm that improves the best known approximation ratio for monotone submodular maximization under a knapsack and a matroid constraint to $\frac{1 -e^{-2}}{2}$. This classic problem is known to be hard to approximate within factor better than $1 - 1/e$. We show that the algorithm can be extended to yield a ratio of $\frac{1 - e^{-(k+1)}}{k+1}$ for the problem with a single knapsack and the intersection of $k$ matroid constraints, for any fixed $k > 1$. Read More

Motivated by the cloud computing paradigm, and by key optimization problems in all-optical networks, we study two variants of the classic job interval scheduling problem, where a reusable resource is allocated to competing job intervals in a flexible manner. Each job, $J_i$, requires the use of up to $r_{max}(i)$ units of the resource, with a profit of $p_i \geq 1$ accrued for each allocated unit. The goal is to feasibly schedule a subset of the jobs so as to maximize the total profit. Read More

We prove a general result demonstrating the power of Lagrangian relaxation in solving constrained maximization problems with arbitrary objective functions. This yields a unified approach for solving a wide class of {\em subset selection} problems with linear constraints. Given a problem in this class and some small $\eps \in (0,1)$, we show that if there exists an $r$-approximation algorithm for the Lagrangian relaxation of the problem, for some $r \in (0,1)$, then our technique achieves a ratio of $\frac{r}{r+1} -\! \eps$ to the optimal, and this ratio is tight. Read More

We introduce a novel multivariate approach for solving weighted parameterized problems. In our model, given an instance of size $n$ of a minimization (maximization) problem, and a parameter $W \geq 1$, we seek a solution of weight at most (or at least) $W$. We use our general framework to obtain efficient algorithms for such fundamental graph problems as Vertex Cover, 3-Hitting Set, Edge Dominating Set and Max Internal Out-Branching. Read More

We consider the problem of scheduling $n$ jobs to minimize the makespan on $m$ unrelated machines, where job $j$ requires time $p_{ij}$ if processed on machine $i$. A classic algorithm of Lenstra et al. yields the best known approximation ratio of $2$ for the problem. Read More

We study a broad class of graph partitioning problems, where each problem is specified by a graph $G=(V,E)$, and parameters $k$ and $p$. We seek a subset $U\subseteq V$ of size $k$, such that $\alpha_1m_1 + \alpha_2m_2$ is at most (or at least) $p$, where $\alpha_1,\alpha_2\in\mathbb{R}$ are constants defining the problem, and $m_1, m_2$ are the cardinalities of the edge sets having both endpoints, and exactly one endpoint, in $U$, respectively. This class of fixed cardinality graph partitioning problems (FGPP) encompasses Max $(k,n-k)$-Cut, Min $k$-Vertex Cover, $k$-Densest Subgraph, and $k$-Sparsest Subgraph. Read More

Let $M=(E,{\cal I})$ be a matroid, and let $\cal S$ be a family of subsets of size $p$ of $E$. A subfamily $\widehat{\cal S}\subseteq{\cal S}$ represents ${\cal S}$ if for every pair of sets $X\in{\cal S}$ and $Y\subseteq E\setminus X$ such that $X\cup Y\in{\cal I}$, there is a set $\widehat{X}\in\widehat{\cal S}$ disjoint from $Y$ such that $\widehat{X}\cup Y\in{\cal I}$. Fomin et al. Read More

Submodular maximization generalizes many fundamental problems in discrete optimization, including Max-Cut in directed/undirected graphs, maximum coverage, maximum facility location and marketing over social networks. In this paper we consider the problem of maximizing any submodular function subject to $d$ knapsack constraints, where $d$ is a fixed constant. We establish a strong relation between the discrete problem and its continuous relaxation, obtained through {\em extension by expectation} of the submodular function. Read More