H. Yokoya - Hiroshima Univ. and RIKEN

H. Yokoya
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H. Yokoya
Hiroshima Univ. and RIKEN

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (18)

Publications Authored By H. Yokoya

We explore discrimination of two types of leptonic Yukawa interactions associated with Higgs triplet, $\bar L^c_L \Delta L_L$, and with $SU(2)$ singlet doubly charged scalar, $\bar e_R^c k^{++} e_R$. These interactions can be distinguished by measuring the effects of doubly charged scalar boson exchange in the $e^+ e^- \to \ell^+ ell^-$ processes at polarized electron-positron colliders. We study a forward-backward asymmetry of scattering angular distribution to estimate the sensitivity for these effects at the ILC. Read More

In this paper we study the direct production of the diphoton resonance $X$ which has been suggested by 2015 data at the LHC, in $e^+e^-\to X\gamma/XZ$ processes at the ILC. We derive an analytic expression for the scattering amplitudes of these processes, and present a comprehensive analysis for determining the properties of $X$ at the ILC. A realistic simulation study for $e^+e^-\to X\gamma$ is performed based on the full detector simulation to demonstrate the capabilities of the ILC experiment. Read More

Affiliations: 1LCC Physics Working Group, 2LCC Physics Working Group, 3LCC Physics Working Group, 4LCC Physics Working Group, 5LCC Physics Working Group, 6LCC Physics Working Group, 7LCC Physics Working Group, 8LCC Physics Working Group, 9LCC Physics Working Group, 10LCC Physics Working Group, 11LCC Physics Working Group, 12LCC Physics Working Group, 13LCC Physics Working Group, 14LCC Physics Working Group, 15LCC Physics Working Group, 16LCC Physics Working Group, 17LCC Physics Working Group, 18LCC Physics Working Group, 19LCC Physics Working Group, 20LCC Physics Working Group, 21LCC Physics Working Group, 22LCC Physics Working Group, 23LCC Physics Working Group, 24LCC Physics Working Group, 25LCC Physics Working Group

If the gamma-gamma resonance at 750 GeV suggested by 2015 LHC data turns out to be a real effect, what are the implications for the physics case and upgrade path of the International Linear Collider? Whether or not the resonance is confirmed, this question provides an interesting case study testing the robustness of the ILC physics case. In this note, we address this question with two points: (1) Almost all models proposed for the new 750 GeV particle require additional new particles with electroweak couplings. The key elements of the 500 GeV ILC physics program---precision measurements of the Higgs boson, the top quark, and 4-fermion interactions---will powerfully discriminate among these models. Read More

We calculate the $gg\to\gamma\gamma$ amplitude by including the $t\bar t$ bound-state effects near their mass threshold. In terms of the non-relativistic expansion of the amplitude, the LO contribution is an energy-independent term in the one-loop amplitude. We include the NLO contribution described by the non-relativistic Green function and part of the NNLO contribution. Read More

The general strategy for dark matter (DM) searches at colliders currently relies on simplified models. In this paper, we propose a new $t$-channel UV-complete simplified model that improves the existing simplified DM models in two important respects: (i) we impose the full SM gauge symmetry including the fact that the left-handed and the right-handed fermions have two independent mediators with two independent couplings, and (ii) we include the renormalization group evolution when we derive the effective Lagrangian for DM-nucleon scattering from the underlying UV complete models by integrating out the $t$-channel mediators. The first improvement will introduce a few more new parameters compared with the existing simplified DM models. Read More

Higgs portal dark matter (DM) models are simple interesting and viable DM models. There are three types of the models depending on the DM spin: scalar, fermion and vector DM models. In this paper, we consider renormalizable, unitary and gauge invariant Higgs portal DM models, and study how large parameter regions can be surveyed at the International Linear Collider (ILC) experiment at $\sqrt{s}=500$ GeV. Read More

We study the CP violation in the Higgs boson and toponia production process at the ILC where the toponia are produced near the threshold. With the approximation that the production vertex of the Higgs boson and toponia is contact, and neglecting the P-wave toponia, we analytically calculated the density matrix for the production and decay of the toponia. Under these assumptions, the production spectrum of the toponia is solely determined by the spin quantum number, therefore the toponia can be either singlet or triplet. Read More

Family gauge boson production at the LHC is investigated according to a $U(3)$ family gauge model with twisted family number assignment. In the model we study, a family gauge boson with the lowest mass, $A_1^{\ 1}$, interacts only with the first generation leptons and the third generation quarks. (The family numbers are assigned, for example, as $(e_1, e_2, e_3)= (e^-, \mu^-, \tau^-)$ and $(d_1, d_2, d_3)=(b, d, s) $[or $(d_1, d_2, d_3)=(b, s, d)$]). Read More

We study direct searches of additional Higgs bosons in multi-top-quarks events at the LHC with the collision energy of 14 TeV as well as the International Linear Collider (ILC) with the collision energy of 1 TeV. As a benchmark model, we consider two Higgs doublet models with a softly-broken discrete $Z_2$ symmetry, where the $t\bar t$ decay mode of additional neutral Higgs bosons can be dominant if their masses are heavy enough. Thus, the multi-top-quarks events become an important probe of the extended Higgs sector at future colliders. Read More

In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the bottom Yukawa coupling of the Higgs boson can considerably deviate from its Standard Model prediction due to non-decoupling effects. We point out that the ratio of the Higgs boson decay branching fraction to a bottom quark pair and that to a $W$-boson pair from the same production channel is particularly sensitive to large additional MSSM Higgs boson mass regions at future electron-positron colliders. Based on this precision measurement, we explicitly show the indirect discovery reach of the additional Higgs bosons according to planned programs of the International Linear Collider. Read More

We study direct searches of additional Higgs bosons in multi-top-quarks events at the LHC Run-II, its luminosity upgraded version with 3000 fb$^{-1}$, and the International Linear Collider (ILC) with the collision energy of 1 TeV. Additional Higgs bosons are predicted in all kinds of extended Higgs sectors, and their detection at collider experiments is a clear signature of the physics beyond the standard model. We consider two Higgs doublet models with the discrete symmetry as benchmark models. Read More

In this Letter, we study the latest bound on the mass of doubly charged Higgs bosons, $H^{\pm\pm}$, assuming that they dominantly decay into a diboson. The new bound is obtained by comparing the inclusive searches for events with a same-sign dilepton by the ATLAS Collaboration using the latest 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ data at the LHC 8 TeV run with theoretical prediction based on the Higgs triplet model with next-to-leading order QCD corrections. Read More

A direct search for doubly-charged Higgs bosons $H^{\pm\pm}$ is one of the most important probe in the Higgs Triplet Model, which is motivated by generation mechanisms of tiny neutrino masses. There are two major decay modes of $H^{\pm\pm}$; i.e. Read More

W bosons produced at high transverse momentum in hadron collisions can have polarization along the direction perpendicular to the production plane, which is odd under na$\ddot{\i}$ve-T-reversal where both the three-momenta and angular momenta are reversed. Perturbative QCD predicts non-zero polarization at the one-loop level, which can be measured as parity-odd components in the angular distribution of charged leptons from the decay of W bosons. We perform a detector-level simulation with the generator MadGraph5_aMC@NLO, and demonstrate that the asymmetry can be observed at the 8 TeV LHC with 20 fb$^{-1}$ of data. Read More

After the discovery of the standard-model-like Higgs boson at the LHC, the structure of the Higgs sector remains unknown. We discuss how it can be determined by the combination of direct and indirect searches for additional Higgs bosons at future collider experiments. First of all, we evaluate expected excluded regions for the mass of additional neutral Higgs bosons from direct searches at the LHC with the 14 TeV collision energy in the two Higgs doublet models with a softly-broken $Z_2$ symmetry. Read More

We study the methods and their accuracies for determining tan$\beta$ in two Higgs doublet models at future lepton colliders. In addition to the previously proposed methods using direct production of additional Higgs bosons, we propose a method using the precision measurement of the decay branching ratio of the standard-model (SM)-like Higgs boson. The method is available if there is a deviation from the SM in the coupling constants of the Higgs boson with the weak gauge bosons. Read More

We propose a new method to measure a theoretically well-defined top quark mass at the LHC. This method is based on the "weight function method," which we proposed in our preceding paper. It requires only lepton energy distribution and is basically independent of the production process of the top quark. Read More

We discuss complementarity of discovery reaches of heavier neutral Higgs bosons and charged Higgs bosons at the LHC and the International Linear Collider (ILC) in two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). We perform a comprehensive analysis on their production and decay processes for all types of Yukawa interaction under the softly-broken discrete symmetry which is introduced to avoid flavour changing neutral currents, and we investigate parameter spaces of discovering additional Higgs bosons at the ILC beyond the LHC reach. We find that the 500 GeV run of the ILC with the integrated luminosity of 500 fb^{-1} shows an advantage for discovering the additional Higgs bosons in the region where the LHC cannot discover them with the integrated luminosity of 300 fb^{-1}. Read More

Authors: K. Agashe, R. Erbacher, C. E. Gerber, K. Melnikov, R. Schwienhorst, A. Mitov, M. Vos, S. Wimpenny, J. Adelman, M. Baumgart, A. Garcia-Bellido, A. Loginov, A. Jung, M. Schulze, J. Shelton, N. Craig, M. Velasco, T. Golling, J. Hubisz, A. Ivanov, M. Perelstein, S. Chekanov, J. Dolen, J. Pilot, R. Pöschl, B. Tweedie, S. Alioli, B. Alvarez-Gonzalez, D. Amidei, T. Andeen, A. Arce, B. Auerbach, A. Avetisyan, M. Backovic, Y. Bai, M. Begel, S. Berge, C. Bernard, C. Bernius, S. Bhattacharya, K. Black, A. Blondel, K. Bloom, T. Bose, J. Boudreau, J. Brau, A. Broggio, G. Brooijmans, E. Brost, R. Calkins, D. Chakraborty, T. Childress, G. Choudalakis, V. Coco, J. S. Conway, C. Degrande, A. Delannoy, F. Deliot, L. Dell'Asta, E. Drueke, B. Dutta, A. Effron, K. Ellis, J. Erdmann, J. Evans, C. Feng, E. Feng, A. Ferroglia, K. Finelli, W. Flanagan, I. Fleck, A. Freitas, F. Garberson, R. Gonzalez Suarez, M. L. Graesser, N. Graf, Z. Greenwood, J. George, C. Group, A. Gurrola, G. Hammad, T. Han, Z. Han, U. Heintz, S. Hoeche, T. Horiguchi, I. Iashvili, A. Ismail, S. Jain, P. Janot, W. Johns, J. Joshi, A. Juste, T. Kamon, C. Kao, Y. Kats, A. Katz, M. Kaur, R. Kehoe, W. Keung, S. Khalil, A. Khanov, A. Kharchilava, N. Kidonakis, C. Kilic, N. Kolev, A. Kotwal, J. Kraus, D. Krohn, M. Kruse, A. Kumar, S. Lee, E. Luiggi, S. Mantry, A. Melo, D. Miller, G. Moortgat-Pick, M. Narain, N. Odell, Y. Oksuzian, M. Oreglia, A. Penin, Y. Peters, C. Pollard, S. Poss, H. B. Prosper S. Rappoccio, S. Redford, M. Reece, F. Rizatdinova, P. Roloff, R. Ruiz, M. Saleem, B. Schoenrock, C. Schwanenberger, T. Schwarz, K. Seidel, E. Shabalina, P. Sheldon, F. Simon, K. Sinha, P. Skands, P. Skubik, G. Sterman, D. Stolarski, J. Strube, J. Stupak, S. Su, M. Tesar, S. Thomas, E. Thompson, P. Tipton, E. Varnes, N. Vignaroli, J. Virzi, M. Vogel, D. Walker, K. Wang, B. Webber, J. D. Wells, S. Westhoff, D. Whiteson, M. Williams, S. Wu, U. Yang, H. Yokoya, H. Yoo, H. Zhang, N. Zhou, H. Zhu, J. Zupan

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Top Quark working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). Read More


This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

The ILC Higgs White Paper is a review of Higgs Boson theory and experiment at the International Linear Collider (ILC). Theory topics include the Standard Model Higgs, the two-Higgs doublet model, alternative approaches to electroweak symmetry breaking, and precision goals for Higgs boson experiments. Experimental topics include the measurement of the Higgs cross section times branching ratio for various Higgs decay modes at ILC center of mass energies of 250, 500, and 1000 GeV, and the extraction of Higgs couplings and the total Higgs width from these measurements. Read More

We propose a new method to measure various physical parameters, using characteristic weight functions. This method requires only lepton energy distribution and ideally it does not depend on the velocity of the parent particle. We demonstrate an application of this method by simulating a reconstruction of the Higgs boson mass in the H-> WW -> lnu lnu decay mode at the LHC. Read More

In the two Higgs doublet model, $\tan\beta$ is an important parameter, which is defined as the ratio of the vacuum expectation values of the doublets. We study how accurately $\tan\beta$ can be determined at linear colliders via the precision measurement of the decay branching fraction of the standard model (SM) like Higgs boson. Since the effective coupling constants of the Higgs boson with the weak gauge bosons are expected to be measured accurately, the branching ratios can be precisely determined. Read More

When the doubly-charged Higgs bosons $H^{\pm\pm}$ mainly decay into the same-sign dilepton, a lower bound on the mass is around 400 GeV by the current LHC data. On the other hand, no such bound has been reported by using the data at LEP and at the LHC for the case where the same-sign diboson decay $H^{\pm\pm}\to W^{\pm(*)} W^{\pm(*)}$ is dominant. We study limits on the mass for such a case by using the current experimental data. Read More

A collider probe of the radiative seesaw models are considered. Two key ingredients of these models, the extended Higgs sector and the source of the Majorana mass, although these details differ model by model, would be studied at the TeV-scale electron-positron and electron-electron colliders. The searches and mass determinations in the inert doublet model, which is the extended Higgs sector of the Ma model, are summarized as an example. Read More

We study collider signatures for extra scalar bosons in the inert doublet model at the international linear collider (ILC). The inert doublet model is a simple extension of the standard model by introducing an additional isospin-doublet scalar field which is odd under an unbroken Z_2 symmetry. The model predicts four kinds of Z_2-odd scalar bosons, and the lightest of them becomes stable and a candidate of the dark matter as long as it is electrically neutral. Read More

We present search prospects and phenomenology of doubly resonant signals that come from the decay of a neutral weak-singlet color-octet vector state \omega_8 into a lighter weak-triplet color-octet scalar \pi_8, which can arise in several theories beyond the Standard Model. Taking m_{\omega_8}-m_{\pi_8}>m_W, we demonstrate an analysis of the signals pp \to \omega_8 \to \pi^\pm_8 W^\mp (\pi^0_8 Z) \to g W^\pm W^\mp (g Z Z). The present 8 TeV LHC run is found to have the potential to exclude or discover the signal for a range of masses and parameters. Read More

The doubly charged scalar boson (H^{\pm\pm}) is introduced in several models of the new physics beyond the standard model. The H^{\pm\pm} has Yukawa interactions with two left-handed charged leptons or two right-handed charged leptons depending on the models. We study kinematical properties of H^{\pm\pm} decay products through tau leptons in order to discriminate the chiral structures of the new Yukawa interaction. Read More

We study the feasibility of the Type-X two Higgs doublet model (THDM-X) at collider experiments. In the THDM-X, new Higgs bosons mostly decay into tau leptons in the wide range of the parameter space. Such scalar bosons are less constrained by current experimental data, because of the suppressed quark Yukawa interactions. Read More

A detailed simulation study is performed for multi-tau-lepton signatures at the Large Hadron Collider, which can be used to probe additional Higgs bosons with lepton-specific Yukawa interactions. Such an extended Higgs sector is introduced in some of new physics models at the TeV scale. We here consider the two Higgs doublet model with the Type-X Yukawa interaction, where nonstandard Higgs bosons predominantly decay into tau leptons. Read More

We consider the phenomenology of CP violation in a color-octet extended scalar sector for t\bar{t} production and decay at the LHC. In particular we study the effect of the two neutral color-octet scalars S_I and S_R that occur in the model. There are two new sources of CP violation: a phase in the couplings of S_{I,R} to top-quarks; and two phases in the quartic couplings of the scalar potential. Read More

Current limits from the LHC on fourth generation quarks are already at the unitarity bound of 500 GeV or so. If they exist, the strong Yukawa couplings are turning nonperturbative, and may form bound states. We study the domain of m_{b'} and m_{t'} in the range of 500 to 700 GeV, where we expect binding energies are mainly of Yukawa origin, with QCD subdominant. Read More

We propose a class of observables constructed from lepton energy distribution, which are independent of the velocity of the parent particle if it is scalar or unpolarized. These observables may be used to measure properties of various particles in the LHC experiments. We demonstrate their usage in a determination of the Higgs boson mass. Read More

The recent data on $W+$dijet excess reported by CDF may be interpreted as the associated production of a $W$ and a new particle of mass about 150 GeV which subsequently decays into two hadron jets. We study the possibility of explaining the $W+$dijet excess by colored scalar bosons. There are several colored scalars which can have tree level renormalizable Yukawa couplings with two quarks, $({\bf 8}, {\bf 2},1/2)$, $(\bar{\bf 6}({\bf 3}), {\bf 3}({\bf 1}), -1/3)$, $(\bar {\bf 6}({\bf 3}), {\bf 1}, -4/3(2/3))$. Read More

We report on the feasibility of the direct measurement of the top Yukawa coupling g_t at the International Linear Collider (ILC) during its first phase of operation with a center-of-mass energy of 500 GeV. The signal and background models incorporate the non-relativistic QCD corrections which enhance the production cross section near the t-tbar threshold. The e+e- -> t tbar H signal is reconstructed in the 6-jet + lepton and the 8-jet modes. Read More

First we present a theoretical framework to compute the fully differential cross sections for the top-quark productions and their subsequent decays at hadron colliders, incorporating the bound-state effects which are important in the t\bar{t} threshold region. We include the bound-state effects such that the cross sections are correct in the LO approximation both in the threshold and high-energy regions. Then, based on this framework we compute various kinematical distributions of top quarks as well as of their decay products at the LHC, by means of Monte-Carlo event-generation. Read More

We study bound-state effects on the pair production of gluinos at hadron colliders, in a context of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. Due to the expected large mass and the octet color-charge of gluinos, the bound-state effects can be substantial at the LHC. We find significant deformation of the invariant-mass distributions of a gluino-pair near the mass threshold, as well as an additional correction to the total cross-section. Read More

We study bound-state effects on the t\bar{t} production cross section in the threshold region at hadron colliders. The bound-state effects are important particularly at the LHC where the gluon fusion is the dominant subprocess. Due to the formation of t\bar{t} resonances in the J=0 color-singlet channel of gg \to t\bar{t} and the large width of the top quark, the t\bar{t} invariant-mass distribution peaks at a few GeV below the t\bar{t} threshold, and it is significantly enhanced over the naive NLO prediction until several GeV above the threshold. Read More

We study the angular distribution of the charged lepton in the top-quark decay into a bottom quark and a W boson which subsequently decays into \ell\nu_{\ell}, when a hard gluon is radiated off. The absorptive part of the t \to bWg decay amplitudes, which gives rise to T-odd asymmetries in the distribution, is calculated at the one-loop level in perturbative QCD. The asymmetries at a few percent level are predicted, which may be observable at future colliders. Read More

We study the single longitudinal-spin asymmetries in lepton-pair production with large transverse-momentum at RHIC and J-PARC experiments. The asymmetries in the azimuthal angular distribution of a lepton can arise from an absorptive part of production amplitudes. We revisit the one-loop calculation for the absorptive part of production amplitudes in perturbative QCD, and show that the asymmetries can be sizable at RHIC and J-PARC. Read More

We studied tau polarization effects on the decay distributions of tau produced in the CNGS tau-neutrino appearance experiments. We show that energy and angular distributions for the decay products in the laboratory frame are significantly affected by the tau polarization. Rather strong azimuthal asymmetry about the tau momentum axis is predicted, which may have observable consequences in experiments even with small statistics. Read More

We present studies of QCD corrections to dilepton production in transversely polarized pp and \bar{p}p scattering. In particular we briefly discuss the effects of NNLL threshold resummation on the rapidity distribution of the lepton pair. Read More

Parity-odd asymmetries in the decay angular distribution of a W boson produced with a hard jet in p\bar{p} collisions arise only from QCD rescattering effects. If observed, these asymmetries will provide a first demonstration that perturbative QCD calculation is valid for the absorptive part of scattering amplitudes. We propose a simple observable to measure these asymmetries and perform realistic Monte Carlo simulations at Tevatron energies. Read More

We present a recent study of the QCD corrections to dilepton production near partonic threshold in transversely polarized \bar{p}p scattering. We analyze the role of the higher-order perturbative QCD corrections in terms of the available fixed-order contributions as well as of all-order soft-gluon resummations for the kinematical regime of proposed experiments at GSI-FAIR. We find that perturbative corrections are large for both unpolarized and polarized cross sections, but that the spin asymmetries are stable. Read More

It has recently been suggested that collisions of transversely polarized protons and antiprotons at the GSI could be used to determine the nucleon's transversity densities from measurements of the double-spin asymmetry for the Drell-Yan process. We analyze the role of higher-order perturbative QCD corrections in this kinematic regime, in terms of the available fixed-order contributions as well as of all-order soft-gluon resummations. We find that the combined perturbative corrections to the individual unpolarized and transversely polarized cross sections are large. Read More

Energy and angular distributions of the tau decay products in the CERN-to-Gran Sasso $\nu_\tau$ appearance experiments are studied for the decay modes $\tau\to\pi\nu$ and $\tau\to l\bar\nu\nu$ (l=e or mu). We find that the decay particle distributions in the laboratory frame are significantly affected by the tau polarization. Rather strong azimuthal asymmetry of $pi^-$ and $l^-$ about the tau momentum axis is predicted, which may have observable consequences even at small statistics experiments. Read More

Affiliations: 1KEK, 2Kobe U., 3Hiroshima U. and RIKEN

We studied polarization effects in tau production by neutrino-nucleon scattering. Quasi-elastic scattering, $Delta$ resonance production and deep inelastic scattering processes are taken into account for the CERN-to-Gran Sasso projects. We show that the tau produced by neutrino has high degree of polarization, and its spin direction depends non-trivially on the energy and the scattering angle of tau in the laboratory frame. Read More

Affiliations: 1KEK, 2Kobe Univ., 3Hiroshima Univ. and RIKEN

We investigate the pseudoscalar transition form factors of nucleon for quasi-elastic scattering and \Delta resonance production in tau-neutrino nucleon scattering via the charged current interactions. Although the pseudoscalar form factors play an important role for the \tau production in neutrino-nucleon scattering, these are not known well. In this article, we examine their effects in quasi-elastic scattering and \Delta resonance production and find that the cross section, Q^{2} distribution, and spin polarization of the produced \tau^{\pm} leptons are quite sensitive to the pseudoscalar form factors. Read More

Affiliations: 1KEK, 2Kobe Univ., 3Hiroshima Univ. and RIKEN

We investigate the spin polarization of \tau^{\pm} leptons produced in \nu_{\tau} and \bar{\nu}_{\tau} nucleon scattering via charged currents. Quasi-elastic scattering, \Delta resonance production and deep inelastic scattering processes are studied. The polarization information is essential for measuring the \tau^{\pm} appearance rate in long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments, because the decay particle distributions depend crucially on the \tau^{\pm} spin. Read More

The lepton helicity distributions in the polarized Drell-Yan process at RHIC energy are investigated. For the events with relatively low invariant mass of lepton pair in which the weak interaction is negligible, only the measurement of lepton helicity can prove the antisymmetric part of the hadronic tensor. Therefore it might be interesting to consider the helicity distributions of leptons to obtain more information on the structure of nucleon from the polarized Drell-Yan process. Read More