# H. Y. Wei - Daya Bay Collaboration

## Contact Details

NameH. Y. Wei |
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AffiliationDaya Bay Collaboration |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Experiment (17) Nuclear Experiment (13) Nuclear Theory (8) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (8) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (7) High Energy Physics - Theory (7) Physics - Materials Science (5) Physics - Optics (5) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (5) Quantum Physics (4) Mathematics - Information Theory (3) Computer Science - Information Theory (3) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2) Astrophysics of Galaxies (1) Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1) Mathematics - Combinatorics (1) Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1) |

## Publications Authored By H. Y. Wei

A scaling phenomenon in the cross section for fragments has been found in the projectile fragmentation reaction, and an empirical scaling formula is proposed by considering the dependence of cross section on the size and asymmetry of the reaction system and the fragment itself. Furthermore, the empirical scaling formula is used to predict the production of fragment in the $^{68}$Ni/$^{69}$Cu/$^{72}$Zn + $^9$Be reactions around 90$A$ MeV. Compared to the results calculated by the statistical abrasion ablation model and the {\sc epax3} parameterizations, the empirical scaling formula can better reproduce the measured fragments. Read More

By considering the realization of emergent universe scenario in Eddington-inspire Born-Infeld (EiBI) theory, we study the stability of Einstein static universe filled with perfect fluid in EiBI theory against both the homogeneous and inhomogeneous scalar perturbations in this work. We find that in both the spatially flat and closed cases, the emergent universe scenario is no longer viable, since Einstein static universe cannot be stable against both the homogeneous and inhomogeneous scalar perturbations simultaneously. However, the emergent universe scenario survives in the spatially open case, while Einstein static universe can be stable under some conditions. Read More

Data unfolding is a common analysis technique used in HEP data analysis. Inspired by the deconvolution technique in the digital signal processing, a new unfolding technique based on the SVD technique and the well-known Wiener filter is introduced. The Wiener-SVD unfolding approach achieves the unfolding by maximizing the signal to noise ratios in the effective frequency domain and is free from regularization parameter. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

It is desirable to implement an efficient quantum information process demanding fewer quantum resources. We designed two compact quantum circuits for determinately implementing four-qubit Toffoli and Fredkin gates on single-photon systems in both the polarization and spatial degrees of freedom (DoFs) via diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in resonators. The gates are heralded by the electron spins associated with the diamond NV centers. Read More

Hybrid quantum gates hold great promise for quantum information processing since they preserve the advantages of different quantum systems. Here we present compact quantum circuits to deterministically implement controlled-NOT, Toffoli, and Fredkin gates between a flying photon qubit and diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers assisted by microcavities. The target qubits of these universal quantum gates are encoded on the spins of the electrons associated with the diamond NV centers and they have long coherence time for storing information, and the control qubit is encoded on the polarizations of the flying photon and can be easily manipulated. Read More

Coherent Raman microscopy provide label-free imaging by interrogating the intrinsic vibration of biomolecules. Nevertheless, trade-off between high chemical-specificity and high imaging-speed currently exists in transition from spectroscopy to spectroscopic imaging when capturing dynamics in complex living systems. Here, we present a novel concept in dual-comb scheme to substantially beat this trade-off and facilitate high-resolution broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic imaging based on down-converted, automatically varying delay-time in spectral focusing excitation. Read More

Let $K=\{k_1,k_2,\ldots,k_r\}$ and $L=\{l_1,l_2,\ldots,l_s\}$ be disjoint subsets of $\{0,1,\ldots,p-1\}$, where $p$ is a prime and $A=\{A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_m\}$ be a family of subsets of $[n]$ such that $|A_i|\pmod{p}\in K$ for all $A_i\in A$ and $|A_i\cap A_j|\pmod{p}\in L$ for $i\ne j$. In 1991, Alon, Babai and Suzuki conjectured that if $n\geq s+\max_{1\leq i\leq r} k_i$, then $|A|\leq {n\choose s}+{n\choose s-1}+\cdots+{n\choose s-r+1}$. In 2000, Qian and Ray-Chaudhuri proved the conjecture under the condition $n\geq 2s-r$. Read More

Hybrid plasmonic lasers provide deep subwavelength optical confinement, strongly enhanced light-matter interaction and together with nanoscale footprint promise new applications in optical communication, bio-sensing and photolithography. The subwavelength hybrid plasmonic lasers reported so far often use bottom up grown nanowires, nanorods and nanosquares, making it difficult to integrate these devices into industry-relevant high density plasmonic circuits. Here, we report the first experimental demonstration of AlGaInP based, red-emitting hybrid plasmonic lasers at room temperature using lithography based fabrication processes. Read More

The electronic structure of the cleaved perovskite (CH3NH3PbBr3) single crystal was studied in an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) system by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and inverse photoelectron spectroscopy (IPES). Highly reproducible dispersive features of the valence bands were observed with nice symmetry about the Brillouin zone center and boundaries. The largest dispersion width was found to be ~0. Read More

G\"odel universe is a direct product of a line and a three-dimensional spacetime we call G$_\alpha$. In this paper, we show that the G\"odel metrics can arise as exact solutions in Einstein-Maxwell-Axion, Einstein-Proca-Axion, or Freedman-Schwarz gauged supergravity theories. The last allows us to embed G\"odel universe in string theory. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation by the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in detail. Six 2.9-GW$_{\rm th}$ nuclear power reactors of the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power facilities served as intense sources of $\overline{\nu}_{e}$'s. Read More

Encoding qubits in multiple degrees of freedom (DOFs) of a quantum system allows less-decoherence quantum information processing with much less quantum resources. We present a compact and scalable quantum circuit to determinately implement a hyper-parallel controlled-controlled-phase-flip (hyper-$\rm{C^2PF}$) gate on a three-photon system in both the polarization and spatial DOFs. In contrast with the one with many qubits encoding in one DOF only, our hyper-$\rm{C^2PF}$ gate operating two independent $\rm{C^2PF}$ gates on a three-photon system with less decoherence, and reduces the quantum resources required in quantum information processing by a half. Read More

Given a database, the private information retrieval (PIR) protocol allows a user to make queries to several servers and retrieve a certain item of the database via the feedbacks, without revealing the privacy of the specific item to any single server. Classical models of PIR protocols require that each server stores a whole copy of the database. Recently new PIR models are proposed with coding techniques arising from distributed storage system. Read More

Electric Vehicles (EVs) are promising to provide frequency regulation services due to their fast regulating characteristics. However, when EVs participate in Supplementary Frequency Regulation (SFR), it is challenging to simultaneously achieve the dispatch of the control center and the expected State of Charge (SOC) levels of EV batteries. To solve this problem, in this paper we propose a Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) control strategy, in which an uncertain dispatch is implemented in the control center without detailed EV charging/discharging information. Read More

Small-Signal Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow (SSSC-OPF) can provide additional stability measures and control strategies to guarantee the system to be small-signal stable. However, due to the nonsmooth property of the spectral abscissa function, existing algorithms solving SSSC-OPF cannot guarantee convergence. To tackle this computational challenge of SSSC-OPF, we propose a Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) method combined with Gradient Sampling (GS) for SSSCOPF. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The disappearance of reactor $\bar{\nu}_e$ observed by the Daya Bay experiment is examined in the framework of a model in which the neutrino is described by a wave packet with a relative intrinsic momentum dispersion $\sigma_\text{rel}$. Three pairs of nuclear reactors and eight antineutrino detectors, each with good energy resolution, distributed among three experimental halls, supply a high-statistics sample of $\bar{\nu}_e$ acquired at nine different baselines. This provides a unique platform to test the effects which arise from the wave packet treatment of neutrino oscillation. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A new measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is reported. The antineutrinos were generated by six 2.9~GW$_{\mathrm{th}}$ nuclear reactors and detected by eight antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (560~m and 600~m flux-weighted baselines) and one far (1640~m flux-weighted baseline) underground experimental halls. Read More

**Authors:**The Daya Bay collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

This Letter reports an improved search for light sterile neutrino mixing in the electron antineutrino disappearance channel with the full configuration of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. With an additional 404 days of data collected in eight antineutrino detectors, this search benefits from 3.6 times the statistics available to the previous publication, as well as from improvements in energy calibration and background reduction. Read More

Detection of supernova relic neutrinos could provide key support for our current understanding of stellar and cosmological evolution, and precise measurements of these neutrinos could yield novel insights into the universe. In this paper, we studied the detection potential of supernova relic neutrinos using linear alkyl benzene (LAB) as a slow liquid scintillator. The linear alkyl benzene features good separation of Cherenkov and scintillation lights, thereby providing a new route for particle identification. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay, MINOS Collaborations, :, P. Adamson, F. P. An, I. Anghel, A. Aurisano, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, G. Barr, M. Bishai, A. Blake, S. Blyth G. J. Bock, D. Bogert, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, S. V. Cao, T. J. Carroll, C. M. Castromonte, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, R. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. X. Chen, J. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, Y. P. Chen, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Childress, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. A. B. Coelho, L. Corwin, D. Cronin-Hennessy, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, S. De Rijck, Z. Y. Deng, A. V. Devan, N. E. Devenish, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, C. O. Escobar, J. J. Evans, E. Falk, G. J. Feldman, W. Flanagan, M. V. Frohne, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, R. Gill, R. A. Gomes, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. C. Goodman, P. Gouffon, N. Graf, R. Gran, M. Grassi, K. Grzelak, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, A. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, S. R. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, A. Holin, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, J. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, J. Hylen, G. M. Irwin, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, C. James, K. L. Jen, D. Jensen, S. Jetter, X. L. Ji, X. P. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. K. de Jong, J. Joshi, T. Kafka, L. Kang, S. M. S. Kasahara, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, M. Kordosky, M. Kramer, A. Kreymer, 1 K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, K. Lang, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling J. M. Link, P. J. Litchfield, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. C. Liu, J. L. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, P. Lucas, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. B. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, N. Mayer, K. T. McDonald, C. McGivern, R. D. McKeown, M. M. Medeiros, R. Mehdiyev, J. R. Meier, M. D. Messier, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, L. Mualem, J. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, J. K. Nelson, H. B. Newman, H. Y. Ngai, R. J. Nichol, Z. Ning, A. Nowak, J. O'Connor, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, M. Orchanian, R., R. B. Pahlka, J. Paley, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, R. B. Patterson, S. Patton, G. Pawloski, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, A. Perch, M. M. Pfutzner, D. D. Phan, S. Phan-Budd, L. Pinsky, R. K. Plunkett, N. Poonthottathil, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, X. Qiu, A. Radovic, N. Raper, B. Rebel, J. Ren, C. Rosenfeld, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. A. Rubin, P. Sail, M. C. Sanchez, J. Schneps, A. Schreckenberger, P. Schreiner, R. Sharma, S. Moed Sher, A. Sousa, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, R. L. Talaga, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, X. Tian A. Timmons, J. Todd, S. C. Tognini, R. Toner, D. Torretta, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, G. Tzanakos, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, R. C. Webb, A. Weber, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. White, L. Whitehead L. H. Whitehead, T. Wise, S. G. Wojcicki, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye., Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. ZhanC. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Searches for a light sterile neutrino have been performed independently by the MINOS and the Daya Bay experiments using the muon (anti)neutrino and electron antineutrino disappearance channels, respectively. In this Letter, results from both experiments are combined with those from the Bugey-3 reactor neutrino experiment to constrain oscillations into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions allowed by the LSND and MiniBooNE experiments in a minimally extended four-neutrino flavor framework. Read More

**Authors:**A. V. Artamonov

^{1}, B. Bassalleck

^{2}, B. Bhuyan

^{3}, E. W. Blackmore

^{4}, D. A. Bryman

^{5}, S. Chen

^{6}, I-H. Chiang

^{7}, I. -A. Christidi

^{8}, P. S. Cooper

^{9}, M. V. Diwan

^{10}, J. S. Frank

^{11}, T. Fujiwara

^{12}, J. Hu

^{13}, J. Ives

^{14}, A. O. Izmaylov

^{15}, D. E. Jaffe

^{16}, S. Kabe

^{17}, S. H. Kettell

^{18}, M. M. Khabibullin

^{19}, A. N. Khotjantsev

^{20}, P. Kitching

^{21}, M. Kobayashi

^{22}, T. K. Komatsubara

^{23}, A. Konaka

^{24}, Yu. G. Kudenko

^{25}, L. G. Landsberg

^{26}, B. Lewis

^{27}, K. K. Li

^{28}, L. S. Littenberg

^{29}, J. A. Macdonald

^{30}, J. Mildenberger

^{31}, O. V. Mineev

^{32}, M. Miyajima

^{33}, K. Mizouchi

^{34}, N. Muramatsu

^{35}, T. Nakano

^{36}, M. Nomachi

^{37}, T. Nomura

^{38}, T. Numao

^{39}, V. F. Obraztsov

^{40}, K. Omata

^{41}, D. I. Patalakha

^{42}, R. Poutissou

^{43}, G. Redlinger

^{44}, T. Sato

^{45}, T. Sekiguchi

^{46}, A. T. Shaikhiev

^{47}, T. Shinkawa

^{48}, R. C. Strand

^{49}, S. Sugimoto

^{50}, Y. Tamagawa

^{51}, R. Tschirhart

^{52}, T. Tsunemi

^{53}, D. V. Vavilov

^{54}, B. Viren

^{55}, Zhe Wang

^{56}, Hanyu Wei

^{57}, N. V. Yershov

^{58}, Y. Yoshimura

^{59}, T. Yoshioka

^{60}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}E949 Collaboration,

^{2}E949 Collaboration,

^{3}E949 Collaboration,

^{4}E949 Collaboration,

^{5}E949 Collaboration,

^{6}E949 Collaboration,

^{7}E949 Collaboration,

^{8}E949 Collaboration,

^{9}E949 Collaboration,

^{10}E949 Collaboration,

^{11}E949 Collaboration,

^{12}E949 Collaboration,

^{13}E949 Collaboration,

^{14}E949 Collaboration,

^{15}E949 Collaboration,

^{16}E949 Collaboration,

^{17}E949 Collaboration,

^{18}E949 Collaboration,

^{19}E949 Collaboration,

^{20}E949 Collaboration,

^{21}E949 Collaboration,

^{22}E949 Collaboration,

^{23}E949 Collaboration,

^{24}E949 Collaboration,

^{25}E949 Collaboration,

^{26}E949 Collaboration,

^{27}E949 Collaboration,

^{28}E949 Collaboration,

^{29}E949 Collaboration,

^{30}E949 Collaboration,

^{31}E949 Collaboration,

^{32}E949 Collaboration,

^{33}E949 Collaboration,

^{34}E949 Collaboration,

^{35}E949 Collaboration,

^{36}E949 Collaboration,

^{37}E949 Collaboration,

^{38}E949 Collaboration,

^{39}E949 Collaboration,

^{40}E949 Collaboration,

^{41}E949 Collaboration,

^{42}E949 Collaboration,

^{43}E949 Collaboration,

^{44}E949 Collaboration,

^{45}E949 Collaboration,

^{46}E949 Collaboration,

^{47}E949 Collaboration,

^{48}E949 Collaboration,

^{49}E949 Collaboration,

^{50}E949 Collaboration,

^{51}E949 Collaboration,

^{52}E949 Collaboration,

^{53}E949 Collaboration,

^{54}E949 Collaboration,

^{55}E949 Collaboration,

^{56}E949 Collaboration,

^{57}E949 Collaboration,

^{58}E949 Collaboration,

^{59}E949 Collaboration,

^{60}E949 Collaboration

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Evidence of the $K^+\to\mu^+\nu\bar\nu\nu$ decay was searched for using E949 experimental data with an exposure of $1.70\times 10^{12}$ stopped kaons. The data sample is dominated by the backgrond process $K^+\to\mu^+\nu_\mu\gamma$. Read More

We study Einstein-Born-Infeld gravity and construct the dyonic (A)dS planar black holes in general even dimensions, that carry both the electric charge and magnetic fluxes along the planar space. In four dimensions, the solution can be constructed with also spherical and hyperbolic topologies. We study the black hole thermodynamics and obtain the first law. Read More

Mode-locked fiber lasers are one of the most important sources of ultra-short pulses. However, A unified description for the rich variety of states and the driving forces behind the complex and diverse nonlinear behavior of mode-locked fiber lasers have yet to be developed. Here we present a comprehensive theoretical framework based upon complexity science, thereby offering a fundamentally new way of thinking about the behavior of mode-locked fiber lasers. Read More

Due to the large free surface and strong anisotropy, the mechanical property of nanowire differs from its bulk counterpart. In this paper, the strong dependence of NW's strength on its surface orientation is revealed, and two modes of dislocation nucleation have been identified: the corner nucleation and the surface nucleation. The activation energy and activation volume of surface nucleation are much larger than those of the corner nucleation. Read More

We report physical and structural properties of single-crystal Ca2Ru1-xFexO4
(0

In the present work, we consider the cosmological constant model $\Lambda\propto\alpha^{-6}$, which is well motivated from three independent approaches. As is well known, the hint of varying fine structure constant $\alpha$ was found in 1998. If $\Lambda\propto\alpha^{-6}$ is right, it means that the cosmological constant $\Lambda$ should also be varying. Read More

To meet the future demand for huge traffic volume of wireless data service, the research on the fifth generation (5G) mobile communication systems has been undertaken in recent years. It is expected that the spectral and energy efficiencies in 5G mobile communication systems should be ten-fold higher than the ones in the fourth generation (4G) mobile communication systems. Therefore, it is important to further exploit the potential of spatial multiplexing of multiple antennas. Read More

We propose an all-fiber-generated dual-soliton pulses based scheme for the background-free detection of coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy under the spectral focusing mechanism. Due to the strong birefringence and high nonlinearity of a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF), two redshifted soliton pulses can be simultaneously generated relying on high-order dispersion and nonlinear effects along two eigenpolarization axes in the anomalous dispersion regime, while allowing feasible tunability of the frequency distance and temporal interval between them. This proposed scheme, termed as DS-CARS, exploits a unique combination of slight frequency-shift and advisable temporal walk-off of this two soliton pulses to achieve robust and efficient suppression of nonresonant background with compact all-fiber coherent excitation source. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. J. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, T. Konstantin, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This article reports an improved independent measurement of neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. Electron antineutrinos were identified by inverse $\beta$-decays with the emitted neutron captured by hydrogen, yielding a data-set with principally distinct uncertainties from that with neutrons captured by gadolinium. With the final two of eight antineutrino detectors installed, this study used 621 days of data including the previously reported 217-day data set with six detectors. Read More

Binary transition metal chalcogenides have attracted increasing attention for their unique structural and electronic properties. High pressure is powerful tool for tuning their crystal structure and electronic structure away from their pristine states.In this work, we systematically studied the in situ structural and optical behavior of silver sulfide (Ag2S) under pressure by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Infrared (IR) spectroscopy measurements in a diamond anvil cell. Read More

The current accelerated expansion of the universe has been one of the most important fields in physics and astronomy since 1998. Many cosmological models have been proposed in the literature to explain this mysterious phenomenon. Since the nature and cause of the cosmic acceleration are still unknown, model-independent approaches to study the evolution of the universe are welcome. Read More

**Authors:**John F. Beacom, Shaomin Chen, Jianping Cheng, Sayed N. Doustimotlagh, Yuanning Gao, Shao-Feng Ge, Guanghua Gong, Hui Gong, Lei Guo, Ran Han, Xingtao Huang, Jianmin Li, Jin Li, Mohan Li, Xueqian Li, Guey-Lin Lin, Zuowei Liu, William McDonough, Jian Tang, Linyan Wan, Yuanqing Wang, Zhe Wang, Zongyi Wang, Hanyu Wei, Yufei Xi, Ye Xu, Zhenwei Yang, Chunfa Yao, Minfang Yeh, Qian Yue, Liming Zhang, Yang Zhang, Zhihong Zhao, Yangheng Zheng, Xiang Zhou, Xianglei Zhu, Kai Zuber

Jinping Neutrino Experiment (Jinping) is proposed to significantly improve measurements on solar neutrinos and geoneutrinos in China Jinping Laboratory - a lab with a number of unparalleled features, thickest overburden, lowest reactor neutrino background, etc., which identify it as the world-best low-energy neutrino laboratory. The proposed experiment will have target mass of 4 kilotons of liquid scintillator or water-based liquid scintillator, with a fiducial mass of 2 kilotons for neutrino-electron scattering events and 3 kilotons for inverse-beta interaction events. Read More

The transverse momentum spectra of final-state light flavor particles produced in proton-proton (p-p), copper-copper (Cu-Cu), gold-gold (Au-Au), lead-lead (Pb-Pb), and proton-lead (p-Pb) collisions for different centralities at relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) and large hadron collider (LHC) energies are studied in the framework of a multisource thermal model. The experimental data measured by the STAR, CMS, and ALICE Collaborations are consistent with the results calculated by the multi-component Erlang distribution and Tsallis Statistics. The effective temperature and real temperature (kinetic freeze-out temperature) of interacting system at the stage of kinetic freeze-out, the mean transverse flow velocity and mean flow velocity of particles, and the relationships between them are extracted. Read More

To explain the accelerated expansion of our universe, many dark energy models and modified gravity theories have been proposed so far. It is argued in the literature that they are difficult to be distinguished on the cosmological scales. Therefore, it is well motivated to consider the relevant astrophysical phenomena on (or below) the galactic scales. Read More

Transverse momentum spectra of different particles produced in mid-rapidity interval in lead-lead (Pb-Pb) collisions with different centrality intervals, measured by the ALICE Collaboration at center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV, are conformably and approximately described by the Tsallis distribution. The dependences of parameters (effective temperature, entropy index, and normalization factor) on event centrality and particle rest mass are obtained. Read More

Multiply constant-weight codes (MCWCs) were introduced recently to improve the reliability of certain physically unclonable function response. In this paper, the bounds of MCWCs and the constructions of optimal MCWCs are studied. Firstly, we derive three different types of upper bounds which improve the Johnson-type bounds given by Chee {\sl et al. Read More

Nowadays, $f(R)$ theory has been one of the leading modified gravity theories to explain the current accelerated expansion of the universe, without invoking dark energy. It is of interest to find the exact cosmological solutions of $f(R)$ theories. Besides other methods, symmetry has been proved as a powerful tool to find exact solutions. Read More

The Shannon information-entropy uncertainty (in brief as "information uncertainty") is used to analyze the fragments in the measured 140$A$ MeV $^{40, 48}$Ca + $^{9}$Be and $^{58, 64}$Ni + $^{9}$Be reactions. A scaling phenomenon is found in the information-uncertainty difference of fragments between the reactions. The scaling phenomenon is explained in a manner of canonical ensemble theory, and is reproduced in the simulated reactions by the antisymmetric molecular dynamics (AMD) and AMD + GEMINI models. Read More

\item[Background] The isobaric yield ratio difference (IBD) method is found to be sensitive to the density difference of neutron-rich nucleus induced reaction around the Fermi energy. \item[Purpose] An investigation is performed to study the IBD results in the transport model. \item[Methods] The antisymmetric molecular dynamics (AMD) model plus the sequential decay model GEMINI are adopted to simulate the 140$A$ MeV $^{58, 64}$Ni + $^{9}$Be reactions. Read More

In the framework of a multisource thermal model, we describe experimental results of the transverse momentum spectra of final-state light flavour particles produced in gold-gold (Au-Au), copper-copper (Cu-Cu), lead-lead (Pb-Pb), proton-lead ($p$-Pb), and proton-proton ($p$-$p$) collisions at various energies, measured by the PHENIX, STAR, ALICE, and CMS Collaborations, by using the Tsallis-standard (Tsallis form of Fermi-Dirac or Bose-Einstein), Tsallis, and two- or three-component standard distributions which can be in fact regarded as different types of "thermometers" or "thermometric scales" and "speedometers". A central parameter in the three distributions is the effective temperature which contains information on the kinetic freeze-out temperature of the emitting source and reflects the effects of random thermal motion of particles as well as collective expansion of the source. To disentangle both effects, we extract the kinetic freeze-out temperature from the intercept of the effective temperature ($T$) curve as a function of particle's rest mass ($m_0$) when plotting $T$ versus $m_0$, and the mean transverse flow velocity from the slope of the mean transverse momentum ($\langle p_T \rangle$) curve as a function of mean moving mass ($\overline{m}$) when plotting $\langle p_T \rangle$ versus $\overline{m}$. Read More

The transverse momentum and pseudorapidity distributions of final-state particles produced in proton-lead (p-Pb) collisions at center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair \sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02 TeV are studied in the framework of a multisource thermal model. Experimental results measured by the ALICE and CMS Collaborations are described by the Tsallis transverse momentum distribution and the two-cylinder pseudorapidity distribution. Read More

The transverse momentum distributions of jets produced in p-p, p-\bar p, d-Au, Au-Au, and Pb-Pb collisions at high energies with different selected conditions are analyzed by using a multi-source thermal model. The multi-component (mostly two-component) Erlang distribution used in our description is in good agreement with the experimental data measured by the STAR, D0, CDF II, ALICE, ATLAS, and CMS Collaborations. Related parameters are extracted from the transverse momentum distributions and some information on different interacting systems are obtained. Read More

Scintillators attract wide research interest for their distinct applications in radiation detection. Elpasolite halides are among the most promising scintillators due to their high structural symmetry and good scintillation performance. Better understanding of their underlying scintillation mechanism opens up new possibilities in scintillator development. Read More

In this work, the circular dichroisms (CD) of nanorice heterodimers consisting of two parallel arranged nanorices with the same size but different materials are investigated theoretically. Symmetry-breaking is introduced by using different materials and oblique incidence to achieve strong CD at the vicinity of Fano resonance peaks. We demonstrate that all Au-Ag heterodimers exhibit multipolar Fano resonances and strong CD effect. Read More

We present two deterministic schemes for constructing a CNOT gate and a Toffoli gate on photon-atom and photon-atom-atom hybrid quantum systems assisted by bad cavities, respectively. They are achieved by cavity-assisted photon scattering and work in the intermediate coupling region with bad cavities, which relaxes the difficulty of their implementation in experiment. Also, bad cavities are feasible for fast quantum operations and reading out information. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, J. Dove, E. Draeger, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, K. Y. Leung, J. K. C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. S. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, J. Monari Kebwaro, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This Letter reports a measurement of the flux and energy spectrum of electron antineutrinos from six 2.9~GW$_{th}$ nuclear reactors with six detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1,579~m) underground experimental halls in the Daya Bay experiment. Using 217 days of data, 296,721 and 41,589 inverse beta decay (IBD) candidates were detected in the near and far halls, respectively. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, J. Z. Bai, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, D. Beavis, W. Beriguete, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, R. L. Brown, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, R. Carr, W. R. Cen, W. T. Chan, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, C. Chasman, H. Y. Chen, H. S. Chen, M. J. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. J. Chen, S. M. Chen, X. C. Chen, X. H. Chen, X. S. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Chidzik, K. Chow, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, L. Dong, J. Dove, E. Draeger, X. F. Du, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, S. D. Fang, J. Y. Fu, Z. W. Fu, L. Q. Ge, V. Ghazikhanian, R. Gill, J. Goett, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, Y. A. Gornushkin, M. Grassi, L. S. Greenler, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. L. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, Q. He, W. S. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, P. Hinrichs, T. H. Ho, M. Hoff, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. Z. Huang, H. X. Huang, P. W. Huang, X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, H. J. Jiang, W. Q. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joseph, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, C. Y. Lai, W. C. Lai, W. H. Lai, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, M. K. P. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, K. Y. Leung, C. A. Lewis, B. Li, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, J. Li, N. Y. Li, Q. J. Li, S. F. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. B. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, J. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. X. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, B. J. Liu, C. Liu, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. Liu, S. S. Liu, X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, A. Luk, K. B. Luk, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, L. H. Ma, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, B. Mayes, K. T. McDonald, M. C. McFarlane, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, D. Mohapatra, J. Monari Kebwaro, J. E. Morgan, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, C. Newsom, H. Y. Ngai, W. K. Ngai, Y. B. Nie, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, A. Pagac, H. -R. Pan, S. Patton, C. Pearson, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, W. R. Sands III, B. Seilhan, B. B. Shao, K. Shih, W. Y. Song, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, M. Stuart, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, Y. H. Tam, H. K. Tanaka, W. Tang, X. Tang, D. Taychenachev, H. Themann, Y. Torun, S. Trentalange, O. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. H. M. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, S. Virostek, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, L. S. Wang, L. Y. Wang, L. Z. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, T. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, D. M. Webber, H. Y. Wei, Y. D. Wei, L. J. Wen, D. L. Wenman, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, C. A. Whitten Jr., J. Wilhelmi, T. Wise, H. C. Wong, H. L. H. Wong, J. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, F. F. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, S. T. Xiang, Q. Xiao, Z. Z. Xing, G. Xu, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, W. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, K. Yip, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, F. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. X. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, Z. Y. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, S. Zimmerman, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of $\bar{\nu}_e$ oscillations over km-baselines. Subsequent data has provided the world's most precise measurement of $\rm{sin}^22\theta_{13}$ and the effective mass splitting $\Delta m_{ee}^2$. The experiment is located in Daya Bay, China where the cluster of six nuclear reactors is among the world's most prolific sources of electron antineutrinos. Read More

The Rashba effect is one of the most striking manifestations of spin-orbit coupling in solids, and provides a cornerstone for the burgeoning field of semiconductor spintronics. It is typically assumed to manifest as a momentum-dependent splitting of a single initially spin-degenerate band into two branches with opposite spin polarisation. Here, combining polarisation-dependent and resonant angle-resolved photoemission measurements with density-functional theory calculations, we show that the two "spin-split" branches of the model giant Rashba system BiTeI additionally develop disparate orbital textures, each of which is coupled to a distinct spin configuration. Read More

Carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNFETs) are promising candidates for building energy-efficient digital systems at highly-scaled technology nodes. However, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are inherently subject to variations that reduce circuit yield, increase susceptibility to noise, and severely degrade their anticipated energy and speed benefits. Joint exploration and optimization of CNT processing options and CNFET circuit design are required to overcome this outstanding challenge. Read More