H. Xu - LM-Orsay

H. Xu
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H. Xu
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LM-Orsay
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Nuclear Experiment (7)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
 
Statistics - Methodology (5)
 
Computer Science - Learning (4)
 
Quantum Physics (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (4)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (3)
 
Physics - Optics (3)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
 
Nuclear Theory (2)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (2)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Computer Science - Sound (1)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)

Publications Authored By H. Xu

We explore signatures of the non-Markovianity in the time-resolved energy transfer processes for quantum open systems. Focusing on typical systems such as the exact solvable damped Jaynes-Cummings model and the general spin-boson model, we establish quantitative links between the time-resolved energy current and the symmetric logarithmic derivative quantum Fisher information (SLD-QFI) flow, one of measures quantifying the non-Markovianity, within the framework of non-Markovian master equations in time-local forms. From the relationships, we find in the damped Jaynes-Cummings model that the SLD-QFI backflow from the reservoir to the system always correlates with an energy backflow, thus we can directly witness the non-Markovianity from the dynamics of the energy current. Read More

In this work, we provide two complementary perspectives for the (spectral) stability of traveling waves in Hamiltonian nonlinear dynamical lattices, of which the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam and the Toda lattice are prototypical examples. One is as an eigenvalue problem for a stationary solution in a co-traveling frame, while the other is as a periodic orbit modulo shifts. We connect the eigenvalues of the former with the Floquet multipliers of the latter and based on this formulation derive an energy-based spectral stability criterion. Read More

It is shown by particle-in-cell simulation that intense circularly polarized (CP) laser light can be contained in the cavity of a solid-density circular Al-plasma shell for hundreds of light-wave periods before it is dissipated by laser-plasma interaction. A right-hand CP laser pulse can propagate almost without reflection into the cavity through a highly magnetized overdense H-plasma slab filling the entrance hole. The entrapped laser light is then multiply reflected at the inner surfaces of the slab and shell plasmas, gradually losing energy to the latter. Read More

(submitted to MNRAS January 10, 2017) We present synthetic observations for the first generations of galaxies in the Universe and make predictions for future deep field observations for redshifts greater than 6. Due to the strong impact of nebular emission lines and the relatively compact scale of HII regions, high resolution cosmological simulations and a robust suite of analysis tools are required to properly simulate spectra. We created a software pipeline consisting of FSPS, Hyperion, Cloudy and our own tools to generate synthetic IR observations from a fully three-dimensional arrangement of gas, dust, and stars. Read More

We consider large-scale Markov decision processes (MDPs) with a risk measure of variability in cost, under the risk-aware MDPs paradigm. Previous studies showed that risk-aware MDPs, based on a minimax approach to handling risk, can be solved using dynamic programming for small to medium sized problems. However, due to the "curse of dimensionality", MDPs that model real-life problems are typically prohibitively large for such approach. Read More

We consider the problem of learning from noisy data in practical settings where the size of data is too large to store on a single machine. More challenging, the data coming from the wild may contain malicious outliers. To address the scalability and robustness issues, we present an online robust learning (ORL) approach. Read More

Hybrid plasmonic lasers provide deep subwavelength optical confinement, strongly enhanced light-matter interaction and together with nanoscale footprint promise new applications in optical communication, bio-sensing and photolithography. The subwavelength hybrid plasmonic lasers reported so far often use bottom up grown nanowires, nanorods and nanosquares, making it difficult to integrate these devices into industry-relevant high density plasmonic circuits. Here, we report the first experimental demonstration of AlGaInP based, red-emitting hybrid plasmonic lasers at room temperature using lithography based fabrication processes. Read More

Hybrid superconductor-semiconducting nanowire devices provide an ideal platform to investigating novel intragap bound states, such as the Andreev bound states (ABSs), Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) states, and the Majorana bound states. The competition between Kondo correlations and superconductivity in Josephson quantum dot (QD) devices results in two different ground states and the occurrence of a 0-$\pi$ quantum phase transition. Here we report on transport measurements on hybrid superconductor-InSb nanowire QD devices with different device geometries. Read More

The Kepler space telescope yielded unprecedented data for the study of solar-like oscillations in other stars. The large samples of multi-year observations posed an enormous data analysis challenge that has only recently been surmounted. Asteroseismic modeling has become more sophisticated over time, with better methods gradually developing alongside the extended observations and improved data analysis techniques. Read More

Zitterbewegung (ZB) is a phenomenon in relativistic quantum systems where the electron wave packet exhibits a trembling or oscillating behavior during its motion, caused by its interaction or coupling with the negative energy state. To directly observe ZB in electronic systems is difficult, due to the challenges associated with the atomic scale wavelength of the electron. Photonic systems offer an alternative paradigm. Read More

One of the key tasks of sentiment analysis of product reviews is to extract product aspects or features that users have expressed opinions on. In this work, we focus on using supervised sequence labeling as the base approach to performing the task. Although several extraction methods using sequence labeling methods such as Conditional Random Fields (CRF) and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) have been proposed, we show that this supervised approach can be significantly improved by exploiting the idea of concept sharing across multiple domains. Read More

We uncover a superscattering behavior of pseudospin-1 wave from weak scatterers in the subwavelength regime where the scatterer size is much smaller than wavelength. The phenomenon manifests itself as unusually strong scattering characterized by extraordinarily large values of the cross section even for arbitrarily weak scatterer strength. We establish analytically and numerically that the physical origin of superscattering is revival resonances, for which the conventional Born theory breaks down. Read More

The effects of volume corrections and resonance decays (the resulting correlations between positive charges and negative charges) on cumulants of net-proton distributions and net-charge distributions are investigated by using a Monte Carlo hadron resonance gas ({\tt MCHRG}) model. The required volume distributions are generated by a Monte Carlo Glauber ({\tt MC-Glb}) model. Except the variances of net-charge distributions, the {\tt MCHRG} model with more realistic simulations of volume corrections, resonance decays and acceptance cuts can reasonably explain the data of cumulants of net-proton distributions and net-charge distributions reported by the STAR collaboration. Read More

State-of-the-art i-vector based speaker verification relies on variants of Probabilistic Linear Discriminant Analysis (PLDA) for discriminant analysis. We are mainly motivated by the recent work of the joint Bayesian (JB) method, which is originally proposed for discriminant analysis in face verification. We apply JB to speaker verification and make three contributions beyond the original JB. Read More

Product Community Question Answering (PCQA) provides useful information about products and their features (aspects) that may not be well addressed by product descriptions and reviews. We observe that a product's compatibility issues with other products are frequently discussed in PCQA and such issues are more frequently addressed in accessories, i.e. Read More

A crucial result in quantum chaos, which has been established for a long time, is that the spectral properties of classically integrable systems generically are described by Poisson statistics whereas those of time-reversal symmetric, classically chaotic systems coincide with those of random matrices from the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE). Does this result hold for two-dimensional Dirac material systems? To address this fundamen- tal question, we investigate the spectral properties in a representative class of graphene billiards with shapes of classically integrable circular-sector billiards. Naively one may expect to observe Poisson statistics, which is indeed true for energies close to the band edges where the quasiparticle obeys the Schr\"odinger equation. Read More

Gamma-ray polarimetry is a new powerful tool to study the processes responsible for the emission from astrophysical sources and the environments in which this emission takes place. Few successful polarimetric measurements have however been performed thus far in the gamma-ray energy band due to the difficulties involved. POLAR is a dedicated polarimeter designed to perform high precision measurements of the polarization of the emission from gamma-ray burst in the 50-500 keV energy range. Read More

Signatures of Majorana fermion bound states in one-dimensional topological insulator (TI) nanowires with proximity effect induced superconductivity are studied. The phase diagram and energy spectra are calculated for single TI nanowires and it is shown that the nanowires can be in the topological invariant phases of winding numbers $W=0, \pm 1$, and $\pm 2$ corresponding to the cases with zero, one and two pairs of Majorana fermions in the single TI nanowires. It is also shown that the topological winding numbers, i. Read More

Research on peer effects in sociology has been focused for long on social influence power to investigate the social foundations for social interactions. This paper extends Xu(2011)'s large--network--based game model by allowing for social-influence-dependent peer effects. In a large network, we use the Katz--Bonacich centrality to measure individuals' social influences. Read More

Black TiO2 nanoparticles with a crystalline-core and amorphous-shell structure exhibit superior optoelectronic properties in comparison with pristine TiO2. The fundamental mechanisms underlying these enhancements, however, remain unclear, largely due to the inherent complexities and limitations of powder materials. Here, we fabricate TiO2 homojunction films consisting of an oxygen-deficient amorphous layer on top of a highly crystalline layer, to simulate the structural/functional configuration of black TiO2 nanoparticles. Read More

An organic-inorganic halide perovskite of CH3NH3SnI3 with significantly improved structural stability is obtained via pressure-induced amorphization and recrystallization. In situ high-pressure resistance measurements reveal an increased electrical conductivity by 300% in the pressure-treated perovskite. Photocurrent measurements also reveal a substantial enhancement in visible-light responsiveness. Read More

Robust perception-action models should be learned from training data with diverse visual appearances and realistic behaviors, yet current approaches to deep visuomotor policy learning have been generally limited to in-situ models learned from a single vehicle or a simulation environment. We advocate learning a generic vehicle motion model from large scale crowd-sourced video data, and develop an end-to-end trainable architecture for learning to predict a distribution over future vehicle egomotion from instantaneous monocular camera observations and previous vehicle state. Our model incorporates a novel FCN-LSTM architecture, which can be learned from large-scale crowd-sourced vehicle action data, and leverages available scene segmentation side tasks to improve performance under a privileged learning paradigm. Read More

Product reviews contain a lot of useful information about product features and customer opinions. One important product feature is the complementary entity (products) that may potentially work together with the reviewed product. Knowing complementary entities of the reviewed product is very important because customers want to buy compatible products and avoid incompatible ones. Read More

In this paper, we give a notation on the Singleton bounds for linear codes over a finite commutative quasi-Frobenius ring in the work of Shiromoto [5]. We show that there exists a class of finite commutative quasi-Frobenius rings. The Singleton bounds for linear codes over such rings satisfy \[ \frac{d(C)-1}{A}\leq n-\log_{|R|}|C|. Read More

Traders in a stock market exchange stock shares and form a stock trading network. Trades at different positions of the stock trading network may contain different information. We construct stock trading networks based on the limit order book data and classify traders into $k$ classes using the $k$-shell decomposition method. Read More

Based on first-principles calculations, we reported that external pressure can induce topological phase transition in alkaline-earth hexaborides, XB6 (X=Ca, Sr, Ba). It was revealed that XB6 is transformed from trivial semiconductors to topological node-line semimetals under moderate pressures when spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is ignored. The band inversion between B px (pz) and py orbitals at X point is responsible for the formation of node-line semimetals. Read More

Unobserved heterogeneous treatment effects have been emphasized in recent policy evaluation literature. In this paper, we extend Lu and White (2014)'s testing method for unobserved heterogeneous treatment effects by developing nonparametric tests under the standard exogenous instrumental variable assumption and allowing for endogenous treatment. Specifically, we propose Kolmogorov--Smirnov--type statistics that are consistent and simple to implement. Read More

Based on the order flow data of a stock and its warrant, the immediate price impacts of market orders are estimated by two competitive models, the power-law model (PL model) and the logarithmic model (LG model). We find that the PL model is overwhelmingly superior to the LG model, regarding the robustness of the estimated parameters and the accuracy of out-of-sample forecasting. We also find that the price impacts of ask and bid orders are consistent with each other for filled trades, since significant positive correlations are observed between the model parameters of both types of orders. Read More

The hydrogen peroxide dissociation on MgO(001) films deposited on Mo(001) surface is investigated by employing periodic density-functional theory methods. The pristine MgO(001) surface showing chemical inertness prefers the weak adsorbing molecular configuration and is extremely difficult to react with hydrogen peroxide. As far as we know, energetically favorable decomposition state of hydrogen peroxide has never been obtained on MgO(001) surface. Read More

SVRG and its variants are among the state of art optimization algorithms for the large scale machine learning problem. It is well known that SVRG converges linearly when the objective function is strongly convex. However this setup does not include several important formulations such as Lasso, group Lasso, logistic regression, among others. Read More

The decay of the proton-rich nucleus $^{22}$Si was studied by a silicon array coupled with germanium clover detectors. Nine charged-particle groups are observed and most of them are recognized as $\beta$-delayed proton emission. A charged-particle group at 5600 keV is identified experimentally as $\beta$-delayed two-proton emission from the isobaric analog state of $^{22}$Al. Read More

Masses of $^{52g,52m}$Co were measured for the first time with an accuracy of $\sim 10$ keV, an unprecedented precision reached for short-lived nuclei in the isochronous mass spectrometry. Combining our results with the previous $\beta$-$\gamma$ measurements of $^{52}$Ni, the $T=2$, $J^{\pi}=0^+$ isobaric analog state (IAS) in $^{52}$Co was newly assigned, questioning the conventional identification of IASs from the $\beta$-delayed proton emissions. Using our energy of the IAS in $^{52}$Co, the masses of the $T=2$ multiplet fit well into the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation. Read More

This paper estimates individual treatment effects in a triangular model with binary--valued endogenous treatments. Following the identification strategy established in Vuong and Xu (2014), we propose a two--stage estimation approach. First, we estimate the counterfactual outcome and hence the individual treatment effect (ITE) for every observational unit in the sample. Read More

This paper studies social interactions in a game theoretic model with players in a large social network. We consider observations from one single equilibrium of a large network game with asymmetric information, in which each player chooses an action from a finite set and is subject to interactions with her friends. Simple assumptions about the structure are made to establish the existence and uniqueness of equilibrium. Read More

This paper studies the rationalization and identification of binary games where players have correlated private types. Allowing for correlation is crucial in global games and in models with social interactions as it represents correlated information and homophily, respectively. Our approach is fully nonparametric in the joint distribution of types and the strategic effects in the payoffs. Read More

The paper presents my recent investigations of volume corrections on the cumulant products of net-charge distributions in statistical model, corresponding to the data reported by the STAR collaboration. The corrected statistical expectations, under simple Poisson approximations, can reasonably explain the data measured in experiment. The results indicate that volume corrections play crucial role in event-by-event multiplicity fluctuation studies. Read More

Heavy fermion materials gain high electronic masses and expand Fermi surfaces when the high-temperature localized f electrons become itinerant and hybridize with the conduction band at low temperatures. However, despite the common application of this model, direct microscopic verification remains lacking. Here we report high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements on CeCoIn5, a prototypical heavy fermion compound, and reveal the long-sought band hybridization and Fermi surface expansion. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: STAR Collaboration, L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, H. Caines, M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, J. M. Campbell, D. Cebra, I. Chakaberia, P. Chaloupka, Z. Chang, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, X. Chen, J. H. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, W. Christie, G. Contin, H. J. Crawford, S. Das, L. C. De Silva, R. R. Debbe, T. G. Dedovich, J. Deng, A. A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, C. Dilks, X. Dong, J. L. Drachenberg, J. E. Draper, C. M. Du, L. E. Dunkelberger, J. C. Dunlop, L. G. Efimov, N. Elsey, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, R. Esha, S. Esumi, O. Evdokimov, J. Ewigleben, O. Eyser, R. Fatemi, S. Fazio, P. Federic, P. Federicova, J. Fedorisin, Z. Feng, P. Filip, Y. Fisyak, C. E. Flores, L. Fulek, C. A. Gagliardi, D. Garand, F. Geurts, A. Gibson, M. Girard, L. Greiner, D. Grosnick, D. S. Gunarathne, Y. Guo, S. Gupta, A. Gupta, W. Guryn, A. I. Hamad, A. Hamed, R. Haque, J. W. Harris, L. He, S. Heppelmann, S. Heppelmann, A. Hirsch, G. W. Hoffmann, S. Horvat, X. Huang, B. Huang, T. Huang, H. Z. Huang, P. Huck, T. J. Humanic, G. Igo, W. W. Jacobs, A. Jentsch, J. Jia, K. Jiang, S. Jowzaee, E. G. Judd, S. Kabana, D. Kalinkin, K. Kang, K. Kauder, H. W. Ke, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, Z. Khan, D. P. Kikoła, I. Kisel, A. Kisiel, L. Kochenda, D. D. Koetke, L. K. Kosarzewski, A. F. Kraishan, P. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, N. Kulathunga, L. Kumar, R. Lacey, M. A. C. Lamont, J. M. Landgraf, K. D. Landry, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, J. H. Lee, W. Li, C. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, X. Li, T. Lin, M. A. Lisa, F. Liu, Y. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W. J. Llope, M. Lomnitz, R. S. Longacre, X. Luo, S. Luo, Y. G. Ma, G. L. Ma, R. Ma, L. Ma, N. Magdy, R. Majka, A. Manion, S. Margetis, C. Markert, H. S. Matis, D. McDonald, S. McKinzie, K. Meehan, J. C. Mei, Z. W. Miller, N. G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, D. Mishra, B. Mohanty, M. M. Mondal, D. A. Morozov, M. K. Mustafa, Md. Nasim, T. K. Nayak, G. Nigmatkulov, T. Niida, L. V. Nogach, T. Nonaka, J. Novak, S. B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, K. Oh, V. A. Okorokov, D. Olvitt Jr., B. S. Page, R. Pak, Y. X. Pan, Y. Pandit, Y. Panebratsev, B. Pawlik, H. Pei, C. Perkins, P. Pile, J. Pluta, K. Poniatowska, J. Porter, M. Posik, A. M. Poskanzer, N. K. Pruthi, M. Przybycien, J. Putschke, H. Qiu, A. Quintero, S. Ramachandran, R. L. Ray, R. Reed, M. J. Rehbein, H. G. Ritter, J. B. Roberts, O. V. Rogachevskiy, J. L. Romero, J. D. Roth, L. Ruan, J. Rusnak, O. Rusnakova, N. R. Sahoo, P. K. Sahu, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, J. Schambach, R. P. Scharenberg, A. M. Schmah, W. B. Schmidke, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, P. Seyboth, N. Shah, E. Shahaliev, P. V. Shanmuganathan, M. Shao, B. Sharma, A. Sharma, M. K. Sharma, W. Q. Shen, Z. Shi, S. S. Shi, Q. Y. Shou, E. P. Sichtermann, R. Sikora, M. Simko, S. Singha, M. J. Skoby, N. Smirnov, D. Smirnov, W. Solyst, L. Song, P. Sorensen, H. M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, T. D. S. Stanislaus, M. Stepanov, R. Stock, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, T. Sugiura, M. Sumbera, B. Summa, Z. Sun, X. M. Sun, Y. Sun, B. Surrow, D. N. Svirida, A. H. Tang, Z. Tang, A. Taranenko, T. Tarnowsky, A. Tawfik, J. Thäder, J. H. Thomas, A. R. Timmins, D. Tlusty, T. Todoroki, M. Tokarev, S. Trentalange, R. E. Tribble, P. Tribedy, S. K. Tripathy, O. D. Tsai, T. Ullrich, D. G. Underwood, I. Upsal, G. Van Buren, G. van Nieuwenhuizen, A. N. Vasiliev, R. Vertesi, F. Videbæk, S. Vokal, S. A. Voloshin, A. Vossen, G. Wang, J. S. Wang, F. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Webb, J. C. Webb, L. Wen, G. D. Westfall, H. Wieman, S. W. Wissink, R. Witt, Y. Wu, Z. G. Xiao, W. Xie, G. Xie, K. Xin, H. Xu, Q. H. Xu, Y. F. Xu, N. Xu, Z. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Yang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Yang, Q. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, I. -K. Yoo, N. Yu, H. Zbroszczyk, W. Zha, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, X. P. Zhang, J. B. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, L. Zhou, X. Zhu, Y. Zoulkarneeva, M. Zyzak

We report the first measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry $A_{LL}$ for mid-rapidity di-jet production in polarized $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV. The di-jet cross section was measured and is shown to be consistent with next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD predictions. $A_{LL}$ results are presented for two distinct topologies, defined by the jet pseudorapidities, and are compared to predictions from several recent NLO global analyses. Read More

With the seamless coverage of wireless cellular networks in modern society, it is interesting to consider the shape of wireless cellular coverage. Is the shape a regular hexagon, an irregular polygon, or another complex geometrical shape? Based on fractal theory, the statistical characteristic of the wireless cellular coverage boundary is determined by the measured wireless cellular data collected from Shanghai, China. The measured results indicate that the wireless cellular coverage boundary presents an extremely irregular geometrical shape, which is also called a statistical fractal shape. Read More

It is well known that optical media create artificial geometry for light, and curved geometry acts as an effective optical medium. This correspondence originates from the form invariance of Maxwells equations, which recently has spawned a booming field called transformation optics. Here we investigate responses of three transformation media under electromagnetic pulses, and find that pulse radiation can induce unbalanced net force on transformation media, which will cause translation and rotation of transformation media although their final momentum can still be zero. Read More

Generation of relativistic electron (RE) beams during ultraintense laser pulse interaction with plasma targets is studied by collisional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. Strong magnetic field with transverse scale length of several local plasma skin depths, associated with RE currents propagation in the target, is generated by filamentation instability (FI) in collisional plasmas, inducing a great enhancement of the divergence of REs compared to that of collisionless cases. Such effect is increased with laser intensity and target charge state, suggesting that the RE divergence might be improved by using low-Z materials under appropriate laser intensities in future fast ignition experiments and in other applications of laser-driven electron beams. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: PANDA Collaboration, B. Singh, W. Erni, B. Krusche, M. Steinacher, N. Walford, H. Liu, Z. Liu, B. Liu, X. Shen, C. Wang, J. Zhao, M. Albrecht, T. Erlen, M. Fink, F. H. Heinsius, T. Held, T. Holtmann, S. Jasper, I. Keshk, H. Koch, B. Kopf, M. Kuhlmann, M. Kümmel, S. Leiber, M. Mikirtychyants, P. Musiol, A. Mustafa, M. Pelizäus, J. Pychy, M. Richter, C. Schnier, T. Schröder, C. Sowa, M. Steinke, T. Triffterer, U. Wiedner, M. Ball, R. Beck, C. Hammann, B. Ketzer, M. Kube, P. Mahlberg, M. Rossbach, C. Schmidt, R. Schmitz, U. Thoma, M. Urban, D. Walther, C. Wendel, A. Wilson, A. Bianconi, M. Bragadireanu, M. Caprini, D. Pantea, B. Patel, W. Czyzycki, M. Domagala, G. Filo, J. Jaworowski, M. Krawczyk, E. Lisowski, F. Lisowski, M. Michałek, P. Poznański, J. Płażek, K. Korcyl, A. Kozela, P. Kulessa, P. Lebiedowicz, K. Pysz, W. Schäfer, A. Szczurek, T. Fiutowski, M. Idzik, B. Mindur, D. Przyborowski, K. Swientek, J. Biernat, B. Kamys, S. Kistryn, G. Korcyl, W. Krzemien, A. Magiera, P. Moskal, A. Pyszniak, Z. Rudy, P. Salabura, J. Smyrski, P. Strzempek, A. Wronska, I. Augustin, R. Böhm, I. Lehmann, D. Nicmorus Marinescu, L. Schmitt, V. Varentsov, M. Al-Turany, A. Belias, H. Deppe, N. Divani Veis, R. Dzhygadlo, A. Ehret, H. Flemming, A. Gerhardt, K. Götzen, A. Gromliuk, L. Gruber, R. Karabowicz, R. Kliemt, M. Krebs, U. Kurilla, D. Lehmann, S. Löchner, J. Lühning, U. Lynen, H. Orth, M. Patsyuk, K. Peters, T. Saito, G. Schepers, C. J. Schmidt, C. Schwarz, J. Schwiening, A. Täschner, M. Traxler, C. Ugur, B. Voss, P. Wieczorek, A. Wilms, M. Zühlsdorf, V. Abazov, G. Alexeev, V. A. Arefiev, V. Astakhov, M. Yu. Barabanov, B. V. Batyunya, Y. Davydov, V. Kh. Dodokhov, A. Efremov, A. Fechtchenko, A. G. Fedunov, A. Galoyan, S. Grigoryan, E. K. Koshurnikov, Y. Yu. Lobanov, V. I. Lobanov, A. F. Makarov, L. V. Malinina, V. Malyshev, A. G. Olshevskiy, E. Perevalova, A. A. Piskun, T. Pocheptsov, G. Pontecorvo, V. Rodionov, Y. Rogov, R. Salmin, A. Samartsev, M. G. Sapozhnikov, G. Shabratova, N. B. Skachkov, A. N. Skachkova, E. A. Strokovsky, M. Suleimanov, R. Teshev, V. Tokmenin, V. Uzhinsky, A. Vodopianov, S. A. Zaporozhets, N. I. Zhuravlev, A. Zinchenko, A. G. Zorin, D. Branford, D. Glazier, D. Watts, M. Böhm, A. Britting, W. Eyrich, A. Lehmann, M. Pfaffinger, F. Uhlig, S. Dobbs, K. Seth, A. Tomaradze, T. Xiao, D. Bettoni, V. Carassiti, A. Cotta Ramusino, P. Dalpiaz, A. Drago, E. Fioravanti, I. Garzia, M. Savrie, V. Akishina, I. Kisel, G. Kozlov, M. Pugach, M. Zyzak, P. Gianotti, C. Guaraldo, V. Lucherini, A. Bersani, G. Bracco, M. Macri, R. F. Parodi, K. Biguenko, K. T. Brinkmann, V. Di Pietro, S. Diehl, V. Dormenev, P. Drexler, M. Düren, E. Etzelmüller, M. Galuska, E. Gutz, C. Hahn, A. Hayrapetyan, M. Kesselkaul, W. Kühn, T. Kuske, J. S. Lange, Y. Liang, V. Metag, M. Moritz, M. Nanova, S. Nazarenko, R. Novotny, T. Quagli, S. Reiter, A. Riccardi, J. Rieke, C. Rosenbaum, M. Schmidt, R. Schnell, H. Stenzel, U. Thöring, T. Ullrich, M. N. Wagner, T. Wasem, B. Wohlfahrt, H. G. Zaunick, E. Tomasi-Gustafsson, D. Ireland, G. Rosner, B. Seitz, P. N. Deepak, A. Kulkarni, A. Apostolou, M. Babai, M. Kavatsyuk, P. J. Lemmens, M. Lindemulder, H. Loehner, J. Messchendorp, P. Schakel, H. Smit, M. Tiemens, J. C. van der Weele, R. Veenstra, S. Vejdani, K. Dutta, K. Kalita, A. Kumar, A. Roy, H. Sohlbach, M. Bai, L. Bianchi, M. Büscher, L. Cao, A. Cebulla, R. Dosdall, A. Gillitzer, F. Goldenbaum, D. Grunwald, A. Herten, Q. Hu, G. Kemmerling, H. Kleines, A. Lai, A. Lehrach, R. Nellen, H. Ohm, S. Orfanitski, D. Prasuhn, E. Prencipe, J. Pütz, J. Ritman, S. Schadmand, T. Sefzick, V. Serdyuk, G. Sterzenbach, T. Stockmanns, P. Wintz, P. Wüstner, H. Xu, A. Zambanini, S. Li, Z. Li, Z. Sun, H. Xu, V. Rigato, L. Isaksson, P. Achenbach, O. Corell, A. Denig, M. Distler, M. Hoek, A. Karavdina, W. Lauth, Z. Liu, H. Merkel, U. Müller, J. Pochodzalla, S. Sanchez, S. Schlimme, C. Sfienti, M. Thiel, H. Ahmadi, S. Ahmed, S. Bleser, L. Capozza, M. Cardinali, A. Dbeyssi, M. Deiseroth, F. Feldbauer, M. Fritsch, B. Fröhlich, D. Kang, D. Khaneft, R. Klasen, H. H. Leithoff, D. Lin, F. Maas, S. Maldaner, M. Martínez, M. Michel, M. C. Mora Espí, C. Morales Morales, C. Motzko, F. Nerling, O. Noll, S. Pflüger, A. Pitka, D. Rodríguez Piñeiro, A. Sanchez-Lorente, M. Steinen, R. Valente, T. Weber, M. Zambrana, I. Zimmermann, A. Fedorov, M. Korjik, O. Missevitch, A. Boukharov, O. Malyshev, I. Marishev, V. Balanutsa, P. Balanutsa, V. Chernetsky, A. Demekhin, A. Dolgolenko, P. Fedorets, A. Gerasimov, V. Goryachev, V. Chandratre, V. Datar, D. Dutta, V. Jha, H. Kumawat, A. K. Mohanty, A. Parmar, B. Roy, G. Sonika, C. Fritzsch, S. Grieser, A. K. Hergemöller, B. Hetz, N. Hüsken, A. Khoukaz, J. P. Wessels, K. Khosonthongkee, C. Kobdaj, A. Limphirat, P. Srisawad, Y. Yan, A. Yu. Barnyakov, M. Barnyakov, K. Beloborodov, V. E. Blinov, V. S. Bobrovnikov, I. A. Kuyanov, K. Martin, A. P. Onuchin, S. Serednyakov, A. Sokolov, Y. Tikhonov, A. E. Blinov, S. Kononov, E. A. Kravchenko, E. Atomssa, R. Kunne, B. Ma, D. Marchand, B. Ramstein, J. van de Wiele, Y. Wang, G. Boca, S. Costanza, P. Genova, P. Montagna, A. Rotondi, V. Abramov, N. Belikov, S. Bukreeva, A. Davidenko, A. Derevschikov, Y. Goncharenko, V. Grishin, V. Kachanov, V. Kormilitsin, A. Levin, Y. Melnik, N. Minaev, V. Mochalov, D. Morozov, L. Nogach, S. Poslavskiy, A. Ryazantsev, S. Ryzhikov, P. Semenov, I. Shein, A. Uzunian, A. Vasiliev, A. Yakutin, U. Roy, B. Yabsley, S. Belostotski, G. Gavrilov, A. Izotov, S. Manaenkov, O. Miklukho, D. Veretennikov, A. Zhdanov, T. Bäck, B. Cederwall, K. Makonyi, M. Preston, P. E. Tegner, D. Wölbing, A. K. Rai, S. Godre, D. Calvo, S. Coli, P. De Remigis, A. Filippi, G. Giraudo, S. Lusso, G. Mazza, M. Mignone, A. Rivetti, R. Wheadon, A. Amoroso, M. P. Bussa, L. Busso, F. De Mori, M. Destefanis, L. Fava, L. Ferrero, M. Greco, J. Hu, L. Lavezzi, M. Maggiora, G. Maniscalco, S. Marcello, S. Sosio, S. Spataro, F. Balestra, F. Iazzi, R. Introzzi, A. Lavagno, J. Olave, R. Birsa, F. Bradamante, A. Bressan, A. Martin, H. Calen, W. Ikegami Andersson, T. Johansson, A. Kupsc, P. Marciniewski, M. Papenbrock, J. Pettersson, K. Schönning, M. Wolke, B. Galnander, J. Diaz, V. Pothodi Chackara, A. Chlopik, G. Kesik, D. Melnychuk, B. Slowinski, A. Trzcinski, M. Wojciechowski, S. Wronka, B. Zwieglinski, P. Bühler, J. Marton, D. Steinschaden, K. Suzuki, E. Widmann, J. Zmeskal, K. M. Semenov-Tian-Shansky

The exclusive charmonium production process in $\bar{p}p$ annihilation with an associated $\pi^0$ meson $\bar{p}p\to J/\psi\pi^0$ is studied in the framework of QCD collinear factorization. The feasibility of measuring this reaction through the $J/\psi\to e^+e^-$ decay channel with the PANDA (AntiProton ANnihilation at DArmstadt) experiment is investigated. Simulations on signal reconstruction efficiency as well as the background rejection from various sources including the $\bar{p}p\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ and $\bar{p}p\to J/\psi\pi^0\pi^0$ reactions are performed with PandaRoot, the simulation and analysis software framework of the PANDA experiment. Read More

Nanowires with a GaSb core and an InAs shell (and the inverted structure) are interesting for studies of electron-hole hybridization and interaction effects due to the bulk broken band gap alignment at the material interface. We have used 8-band $\mathbf{k\cdot p}$ theory together with the envelope function approximation to calculate the band structure of such nanowires. For a fixed core radius, as a function of shell thickness the band structure changes from metallic (for a thick shell) to semiconducting (for a thin shell) with a gap induced by quantum confinement. Read More

2016Oct

Taylor's law of temporal fluctuation scaling, variance $\sim$ $a($mean$)^b$, is ubiquitous in natural and social sciences. We report for the first time convincing evidence of a solid temporal fluctuation scaling law in stock illiquidity by investigating the mean-variance relationship of the high-frequency illiquidity of almost all stocks traded on the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SHSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) during the period from 1999 to 2011. Taylor's law holds for A-share markets (SZSE Main Board, SZSE Small & Mediate Enterprise Board, SZSE Second Board, and SHSE Main Board) and B-share markets (SZSE B-share and SHSE B-share). Read More

In this communication we introduce an efficient implementation of adaptive biasing that greatly improves the speed of free energy computation in molecular dynamics simulations. We investigated the use of accelerated simulations to inform on compound design using a recently reported and clinically relevant inhibitor of the chromatin regulator BRD4. Benchmarking on our local compute cluster, our implementation achieves up to 2. Read More

We consider a multi-agent Bayesian persuasion problem where a sender aims at persuading multiple receivers to maximize a global objective that depends on all the receivers' actions. We focus on one of the most basic settings in this space where each receiver takes a binary action, conveniently denoted as action $1$ and action $0$. The payoff of the sender is thus a set function, depending on the set of receivers taking action $1$. Read More

We present a general theory to explore energy transfer in nonequilibrium spin-boson models within the framework of nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF). In contrast to conventionally used NEGF methods based on a perturbation expansion in the system-bath coupling, we adopt the polaron transformation to the Hamiltonian and identify the tunneling term as a perturbation with the system-bath coupling being treated nonperturbatively, herein termed the polaron-transformed NEGF method. To evaluate terms in the Dyson series, we further utilize the Majorana-fermion representation. Read More

2016Sep
Authors: STAR Collaboration, L. Adamczyk, J. K. Adkins, G. Agakishiev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, I. Alekseev, D. M. Anderson, R. Aoyama, A. Aparin, D. Arkhipkin, E. C. Aschenauer, M. U. Ashraf, A. Attri, G. S. Averichev, X. Bai, V. Bairathi, R. Bellwied, A. Bhasin, A. K. Bhati, P. Bhattarai, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L. C. Bland, I. G. Bordyuzhin, J. Bouchet, J. D. Brandenburg, A. V. Brandin, D. Brown, I. Bunzarov, J. Butterworth, H. Caines, M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, J. M. Campbell, D. Cebra, I. Chakaberia, P. Chaloupka, Z. Chang, A. Chatterjee, S. Chattopadhyay, J. H. Chen, X. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, W. Christie, G. Contin, H. J. Crawford, S. Das, L. C. De Silva, R. R. Debbe, T. G. Dedovich, J. Deng, A. A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, C. Dilks, X. Dong, J. L. Drachenberg, J. E. Draper, C. M. Du, L. E. Dunkelberger, J. C. Dunlop, L. G. Efimov, N. Elsey, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, R. Esha, S. Esumi, O. Evdokimov, J. Ewigleben, O. Eyser, R. Fatemi, S. Fazio, P. Federic, J. Fedorisin, Z. Feng, P. Filip, Y. Fisyak, C. E. Flores, L. Fulek, C. A. Gagliardi, D. Garand, F. Geurts, A. Gibson, M. Girard, L. Greiner, D. Grosnick, D. S. Gunarathne, Y. Guo, A. Gupta, S. Gupta, W. Guryn, A. I. Hamad, A. Hamed, R. Haque, J. W. Harris, L. He, S. Heppelmann, S. Heppelmann, A. Hirsch, G. W. Hoffmann, S. Horvat, X. Huang, B. Huang, H. Z. Huang, T. Huang, P. Huck, T. J. Humanic, G. Igo, W. W. Jacobs, A. Jentsch, J. Jia, K. Jiang, S. Jowzaee, E. G. Judd, S. Kabana, D. Kalinkin, K. Kang, K. Kauder, H. W. Ke, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, Z. Khan, D. P. Kikoła, I. Kisel, A. Kisiel, L. Kochenda, D. D. Koetke, L. K. Kosarzewski, A. F. Kraishan, P. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, L. Kumar, M. A. C. Lamont, J. M. Landgraf, K. D. Landry, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, J. H. Lee, W. Li, X. Li, X. Li, Y. Li, C. Li, T. Lin, M. A. Lisa, Y. Liu, F. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W. J. Llope, M. Lomnitz, R. S. Longacre, X. Luo, S. Luo, G. L. Ma, L. Ma, R. Ma, Y. G. Ma, N. Magdy, R. Majka, A. Manion, S. Margetis, C. Markert, H. S. Matis, D. McDonald, S. McKinzie, K. Meehan, J. C. Mei, Z. W. Miller, N. G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, D. Mishra, B. Mohanty, M. M. Mondal, D. A. Morozov, M. K. Mustafa, Md. Nasim, T. K. Nayak, G. Nigmatkulov, T. Niida, L. V. Nogach, T. Nonaka, J. Novak, S. B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, K. Oh, V. A. Okorokov, D. Olvitt Jr., B. S. Page, R. Pak, Y. X. Pan, Y. Pandit, Y. Panebratsev, B. Pawlik, H. Pei, C. Perkins, P. Pile, J. Pluta, K. Poniatowska, J. Porter, M. Posik, A. M. Poskanzer, N. K. Pruthi, M. Przybycien, J. Putschke, H. Qiu, A. Quintero, S. Ramachandran, R. L. Ray, R. Reed, M. J. Rehbein, H. G. Ritter, J. B. Roberts, O. V. Rogachevskiy, J. L. Romero, J. D. Roth, L. Ruan, J. Rusnak, O. Rusnakova, N. R. Sahoo, P. K. Sahu, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, J. Schambach, R. P. Scharenberg, A. M. Schmah, W. B. Schmidke, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, P. Seyboth, N. Shah, E. Shahaliev, P. V. Shanmuganathan, M. Shao, M. K. Sharma, A. Sharma, B. Sharma, W. Q. Shen, S. S. Shi, Z. Shi, Q. Y. Shou, E. P. Sichtermann, R. Sikora, M. Simko, S. Singha, M. J. Skoby, D. Smirnov, N. Smirnov, W. Solyst, L. Song, P. Sorensen, H. M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, T. D. S. Stanislaus, M. Stepanov, R. Stock, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, T. Sugiura, M. Sumbera, B. Summa, X. M. Sun, Z. Sun, Y. Sun, B. Surrow, D. N. Svirida, Z. Tang, A. H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, A. Tawfik, J. Thäder, J. H. Thomas, A. R. Timmins, D. Tlusty, T. Todoroki, M. Tokarev, S. Trentalange, R. E. Tribble, P. Tribedy, S. K. Tripathy, O. D. Tsai, T. Ullrich, D. G. Underwood, I. Upsal, G. Van Buren, G. van Nieuwenhuizen, A. N. Vasiliev, R. Vertesi, F. Videbæk, S. Vokal, S. A. Voloshin, A. Vossen, F. Wang, J. S. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Webb, J. C. Webb, L. Wen, G. D. Westfall, H. Wieman, S. W. Wissink, R. Witt, Y. Wu, Z. G. Xiao, G. Xie, W. Xie, K. Xin, Q. H. Xu, H. Xu, Y. F. Xu, Z. Xu, J. Xu, N. Xu, S. Yang, Q. Yang, Y. Yang, C. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yi, K. Yip, I. -K. Yoo, N. Yu, H. Zbroszczyk, W. Zha, X. P. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Zhang, J. Zhao, C. Zhong, L. Zhou, X. Zhu, Y. Zoulkarneeva, M. Zyzak

We report the first di-jet transverse momentum asymmetry measurements from Au+Au and p+p collisions at RHIC. The two highest-energy back-to-back jets reconstructed from fragments with transverse momenta above 2 GeV/c display a significantly stronger momentum imbalance in heavy-ion collisions than in the p+p reference. When re-examined with correlated soft particles included, we observe that these di-jets then exhibit a unique new feature -- momentum balance is restored to that observed in p+p for a jet resolution parameter of R=0. Read More

Trajectory analysis is essential in many applications. In this paper, we address the problem of representing motion trajectories in a highly informative way, and consequently utilize it for analyzing trajectories. Our approach first leverages the complete information from given trajectories to construct a thermal transfer field which provides a context-rich way to describe the global motion pattern in a scene. Read More

We study the performance of linear solvers for graph Laplacians based on the combinatorial cycle adjustment methodology proposed by [Kelner-Orecchia-Sidford-Zhu STOC-13]. The approach finds a dual flow solution to this linear system through a sequence of flow adjustments along cycles. We study both data structure oriented and recursive methods for handling these adjustments. Read More