H. Okawa

H. Okawa
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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (23)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (13)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (11)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By H. Okawa

This is the first-ever report of much awaited core-collase supernova simulations with solving the Boltzmann equations for neutrino transport, which actually amounts to a 6-dimensional (1 in time, 2 in space and 3 in momentum space) problem even under axial symmetry. This is also the first study to find a sign of successful explosion in a computation at this level of elaboration in neutrino transport. We also investigate the neutrino distributions in momentum space, which would not be accessible to other approximate methods employed so far. Read More

We simulate the spindle gravitational collapse of a collisionless particle system in a 3D numerical relativity code and compare the qualitative results with the old work done by Shapiro and Teukolsky(ST). The simulation starts from the prolate-shaped distribution of particles and a spindle collapse is observed. The peak value and its spatial position of curvature invariants are monitored during the time evolution. Read More

HV-CMOS pixel sensors are a promising option for the tracker upgrade of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, as well as for other future tracking applications in which large areas are to be instrumented with radiation-tolerant silicon pixel sensors. We present results of testbeam characterisations of the $4^{\mathrm{th}}$ generation of Capacitively Coupled Pixel Detectors (CCPDv4) produced with the ams H18 HV-CMOS process that have been irradiated with different particles (reactor neutrons and 18 MeV protons) to fluences between $1\cdot 10^{14}$ and $5\cdot 10^{15}$ 1-MeV-n$_\textrm{eq}$/cm$^2$. The sensors were glued to ATLAS FE-I4 pixel readout chips and measured at the CERN SPS H8 beamline using the FE-I4 beam telescope. Read More

A new computationally efficient method has been introduced to treat self-gravity in mesh based hydrodynamical simulations. It is applied simply by slightly modifying the Poisson equation into an inhomogeneous wave equation. This roughly corresponds to the weak field limit of the Einstein equations in general relativity, and as long as the gravitation propagation speed is taken to be larger than the hydrodynamical characteristic speed, the results agree with solutions for the Poisson equation. Read More

We provide a detailed analysis of how bosonic dark matter "condensates" interact with compact stars, extending significantly the results of a recent Letter. We focus on bosonic fields with mass $m_B$, such as axions, axion-like candidates and hidden photons. Self-gravitating bosonic fields generically form "breathing" configurations, where both the spacetime geometry and the field oscillate, and can interact and cluster at the center of stars. Read More

Searches for dark matter imprints are one of the most active areas of current research. We focus here on light fields with mass $m_B$, such as axions and axion-like candidates. Using perturbative techniques and full-blown nonlinear Numerical Relativity methods, we show that (i) dark matter can pile up in the center of stars, leading to configurations and geometries oscillating with frequency which is a multiple of f=$2. Read More

We systematically performed numerical-relativity simulations for black hole (BH) - neutron star (NS) binary mergers with a variety of the BH spin orientation and equations of state (EOS) of the NS. The initial misalignment angles of the BH spin are chosen in the range of i_tilt,0 = 30--90[deg.]. Read More

Gravitational collapse in asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetime has a rich but poorly-understood structure. There are strong indications that some families of initial data form "bound" states, which are regular everywhere, while other families seem to always collapse to black holes. Here, we investigate the collapse of massive scalar fields in anti-de Sitter, with enlarged freedom in the initial data setup, such as several distinct wavepackets, gravitationally interacting with each other. Read More

We investigate properties of material ejected dynamically in the merger of black hole-neutron star binaries by numerical-relativity simulations. We systematically study the dependence of ejecta properties on the mass ratio of the binary, spin of the black hole, and equation of state of the neutron-star matter. Dynamical mass ejection is driven primarily by tidal torque, and the ejecta is much more anisotropic than that from binary neutron star mergers. Read More

We perform new longterm (15-16 orbits) simulations of coalescing binary neutron stars in numerical relativity using an updated Einstein's equation solver, employing low-eccentricity initial data, and modeling the neutron stars by a piecewise polytropic equation of state. A convergence study shows that our new results converge more rapidly than the third order and using the determined convergence order, we construct an extrapolated waveform for which the estimated total phase error should be less than 1 radian. We then compare the extrapolated waveforms with those calculated by the latest effective-one-body (EOB) formalism in which the so-called tidal deformability, higher post-Newtonian corrections, and gravitational self-force effects are taken into account. Read More

One century after its formulation, Einstein's general relativity has made remarkable predictions and turned out to be compatible with all experimental tests. Most of these tests probe the theory in the weak-field regime, and there are theoretical and experimental reasons to believe that general relativity should be modified when gravitational fields are strong and spacetime curvature is large. The best astrophysical laboratories to probe strong-field gravity are black holes and neutron stars, whether isolated or in binary systems. Read More

The discovery of a "weakly-turbulent" instability of anti-de Sitter spacetime supports the idea that confined fluctuations eventually collapse to black holes and suggests that similar phenomena might be possible in asymptotically-flat spacetime, for example in the context of spherically symmetric oscillations of stars or nonradial pulsations of ultracompact objects. Here we present a detailed study of the evolution of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon system in a cavity, with different types of deformations of the spectrum, including a mass term for the scalar and Neumann conditions at the boundary. We provide numerical evidence that gravitational collapse always occurs, at least for amplitudes that are three orders of magnitude smaller than Choptuik's critical value and corresponding to more than $10^5$ reflections before collapse. Read More

Ultracompact objects are self-gravitating systems with a light ring. It was recently suggested that fluctuations in the background of these objects are extremely long-lived and might turn unstable at the nonlinear level, if the object is not endowed with a horizon. If correct, this result has important consequences: objects with a light ring are black holes. Read More

The nonlinear behavior of higher dimensional black hole spacetimes is of interest in several contexts, ranging from an understanding of cosmic censorship to black hole production in high-energy collisions. However, nonlinear numerical evolutions of higher dimensional black hole spacetimes are tremendously complex, involving different diagnostic tools and "dimensional reduction methods". In this work we compare two different successful codes to evolve Einstein's equations in higher dimensions, and show that the results of such different procedures agree to numerical precision, when applied to the collision from rest of two equal-mass black holes. Read More

Scalar fields pervade theoretical physics and are a fundamental ingredient to solve the dark matter problem, to realize the Peccei-Quinn mechanism in QCD or the string-axiverse scenario. They are also a useful proxy for more complex matter interactions, such as accretion disks or matter in extreme conditions. Here, we study the collision between scalar "clouds" and rotating black holes. Read More

Time evolution of a black hole lattice universe with a positive cosmological constant $\Lambda$ is simulated. The vacuum Einstein equations are numerically solved in a cubic box with a black hole in the center. Periodic boundary conditions on all pairs of opposite faces are imposed. Read More

Fundamental fields are a natural outcome in cosmology and particle physics and might therefore serve as a proxy for more complex interactions. The equivalence principle implies that all forms of matter gravitate, and one therefore expects relevant, universal imprints of new physics in strong field gravity, such as that encountered close to black holes. Fundamental fields in the vicinities of supermassive black holes give rise to extremely long-lived, or even unstable, configurations which slowly extract angular momentum from the black hole or simply evolve non-linearly over long timescales, with important implications for particle physics and gravitational-wave physics. Read More

The nonlinear instability of anti-de Sitter spacetime has recently been established with the striking result that generic initial data collapses to form black holes. This outcome suggests that confined matter generically collapses, and that collapse can only be halted -- at most -- by nonlinear bound states. Here we provide evidence that such mechanism can operate even in asymptotically flat spacetimes, by studying the evolution of the Einstein-Klein-Gordon system for a self-interacting scalar field. Read More

2013Oct

This report summarizes the work of the Energy Frontier Higgs Boson working group of the 2013 Community Summer Study (Snowmass). We identify the key elements of a precision Higgs physics program and document the physics potential of future experimental facilities as elucidated during the Snowmass study. We study Higgs couplings to gauge boson and fermion pairs, double Higgs production for the Higgs self-coupling, its quantum numbers and $CP$-mixing in Higgs couplings, the Higgs mass and total width, and prospects for direct searches for additional Higgs bosons in extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

We carry out numerical-relativity simulations of coalescing binary neutron stars in a scalar-tensor theory that admits spontaneous scalarization. We model neutron stars with realistic equations of state. We choose the free parameters of the theory taking into account the constraints imposed by the latest observations of neutron-star-- white-dwarf binaries with pulsar timing. Read More

We show prospects on a search for invisible decays of a Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). This search is performed on a Higgs boson produced in association with a Z boson. We expect that the branching ratio of 17-22% (6-14%) could be excluded at 95% confidence level with 300 fb^{-1} (3000 fb^{-1}) of data at sqrt(s)=14 TeV. Read More

Numerical relativity became a powerful tool to investigate the dynamics of binary problems with black holes or neutron stars as well as the very structure of General Relativity. Although public numerical relativity codes are available to evolve such systems, a proper understanding of the methods involved is quite important. Here we focus on the numerical solution of elliptic partial differential equations. Read More

Time evolution of a black hole lattice universe is simulated. The vacuum Einstein equations in a cubic box with a black hole at the origin are numerically solved with periodic boundary conditions on all pairs of opposite faces. Defining effective scale factors by using the area of a surface and the length of an edge of the cubic box, we compare them with that in the Einstein-deSitter universe. Read More

Numerical-relativity simulations for the merger of binary neutron stars are performed for a variety of equations of state (EOSs) and for a plausible range of the neutron-star mass, focusing primarily on the properties of the material ejected from the system. We find that a fraction of the material is ejected as a mildly relativistic and mildly anisotropic outflow with the typical and maximum velocities $\sim 0.15$ -- $0. Read More

Stationary pulsar magnetospheres in the force-free system are governed by the pulsar equation. In 1999, Contopoulos, Kazanas, and Fendt (hereafter CKF) numerically solved the pulsar equation and obtained a pulsar magnetosphere model called the CKF solution that has both closed and open magnetic field lines. The CKF solution is a successful solution, but it contains a poloidal current sheet that flows along the last open field line. Read More

Physics in curved spacetime describes a multitude of phenomena, ranging from astrophysics to high energy physics. The last few years have witnessed further progress on several fronts, including the accurate numerical evolution of the gravitational field equations, which now allows highly nonlinear phenomena to be tamed. Numerical relativity simulations, originally developed to understand strong field astrophysical processes, could prove extremely useful to understand high-energy physics processes like trans-Planckian scattering and gauge-gravity dualities. Read More

We present the status of interpretations of Supersymmetry (SUSY) searches in ATLAS at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) using simplified models. Such models allow a systematic scan through the phase space in the sparticle mass plane, and in the corresponding final state kinematics. Models at various levels of simplification have been studied in ATLAS. Read More

We study the merger of black hole (BH)-neutron star (NS) binaries with a variety of BH spins aligned or anti-aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and with the mass ratio in the range MBH/MNS = 2--5, where MBH and MNS are the mass of the BH and NS, respectively. We model NS matter by systematically parametrized piecewise polytropic equations of state. The initial condition is computed in the puncture framework adopting an isolated horizon framework to estimate the BH spin and assuming an irrotational velocity field for the fluid inside the NS. Read More

We perform a numerical-relativity simulation for the merger of binary neutron stars with 6 nuclear-theory-based equations of state (EOSs) described by piecewise polytropes. Our purpose is to explore the dependence of the dynamical behavior of the binary neutron star merger and resulting gravitational waveforms on the EOS of the supernuclear-density matter. The numerical results show that the merger process and the first outcome are classified into three types; (i) a black hole is promptly formed, (ii) a short-lived hypermassive neutron star (HMNS) is formed, (iii) a long-lived HMNS is formed. Read More

It may be widely believed that probing short-distance physics is limited by the presence of the Planck energy scale above which scale any information is cloaked behind a horizon. If this hypothesis is correct, we could observe quantum behavior of gravity only through a black hole of Planck mass. We numerically show that in a scattering of two black holes in the 5-dimensional spacetime, a visible domain, whose curvature radius is much shorter than the Planck length, can be formed. Read More

2008Dec
Authors: The ATLAS Collaboration, G. Aad, E. Abat, B. Abbott, J. Abdallah, A. A. Abdelalim, A. Abdesselam, O. Abdinov, B. Abi, M. Abolins, H. Abramowicz, B. S. Acharya, D. L. Adams, T. N. Addy, C. Adorisio, P. Adragna, T. Adye, J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra, M. Aharrouche, S. P. Ahlen, F. Ahles, A. Ahmad, H. Ahmed, G. Aielli, T. Akdogan, T. P. A. Akesson, G. Akimoto, M. S. Alam, M. A. Alam, J. Albert, S. Albrand, M. Aleksa, I. N. Aleksandrov, F. Alessandria, C. Alexa, G. Alexander, G. Alexandre, T. Alexopoulos, M. Alhroob, G. Alimonti, J. Alison, M. Aliyev, P. P. Allport, S. E. Allwood-Spiers, A. Aloisio, R. Alon, A. Alonso, J. Alonso, M. G. Alviggi, K. Amako, P. Amaral, C. Amelung, V. V. Ammosov, A. Amorim, G. Amoros, N. Amram, C. Anastopoulos, C. F. Anders, K. J. Anderson, A. Andreazza, V. Andrei, M-L. Andrieux, X. S. Anduaga, F. Anghinolfi, A. Antonaki, M. Antonelli, S. Antonelli, B. Antunovic, F. A. Anulli, G. Arabidze, I. Aracena, Y. Arai, A. T. H. Arce, J. P. Archambault, S. Arfaoui, J-F. Arguin, T. Argyropoulos, E. Arik, M. Arik, A. J. Armbruster, O. Arnaez, C. Arnault, A. Artamonov, D. Arutinov, M. Asai, S. Asai, S. Ask, B. Asman, D. Asner, L. Asquith, K. Assamagan, A. Astbury, A. Astvatsatourov, T. Atkinson, G. Atoian, B. Auerbach, E. Auge, K. Augsten, M. A. Aurousseau, N. Austin, G. Avolio, R. Avramidou, A. Axen, C. Ay, G. Azuelos, Y. Azuma, M. A. Baak, G. Baccaglioni, C. Bacci, H. Bachacou, K. Bachas, M. Backes, E. Badescu, P. Bagnaia, Y. Bai, D. C. Bailey, J. T. Baines, O. K. Baker, F. Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa, E. Banas, S. Banerjee, D. Banfi, A. Bangert, V. Bansal, S. P. Baranov, S. Baranov, A. Barashkou, T. B. Barber, E. L. Barberio, D. Barberis, M. B. Barbero, D. Y. Bardin, T. Barillari, M. Barisonzi, T. Barklow, N. B. Barlow, B. M. Barnett, R. M. Barnett, S. Baron, A. Baroncelli, A. J. Barr, F. Barreiro, J. Barreiro Guimaraes da Costa, P. Barrillon, R. Bartoldus, D. Bartsch, J. Bastos, R. L. Bates, J. R. Batley, A. Battaglia, M. Battistin, F. Bauer, M. Bazalova, B. Beare, P. H. Beauchemin, R. B. Beccherle, N. Becerici, P. Bechtle, G. A. Beck, H. P. Beck, M. Beckingham, K. H. Becks, I. Bedajanek, A. J. Beddall, A. Beddall, P. Bednar, V. A. Bednyakov, C. Bee, S. Behar Harpaz, P. K. Behera, M. Beimforde, C. Belanger-Champagne, P. J. Bell, W. H. Bell, G. Bella, L. Bellagamba, F. Bellina, M. Bellomo, A. Belloni, K. Belotskiy, O. Beltramello, S. Ben Ami, O. Benary, D. Benchekroun, M. Bendel, B. H. Benedict, N. Benekos, Y. Benhammou, G. P. Benincasa, D. P. Benjamin, M. Benoit, J. R. Bensinger, K. Benslama, S. Bentvelsen, M. Beretta, D. Berge, E. Bergeaas Kuutmann, N. Berger, F. Berghaus, E. Berglund, J. Beringer, K. Bernardet, P. Bernat, R. Bernhard, C. Bernius, T. Berry, A. Bertin, N. Besson, S. Bethke, R. M. Bianchi, M. Bianco, O. Biebel, J. Biesiada, M. Biglietti, H. Bilokon, S. Binet, A. Bingul, C. Bini, C. Biscarat, M. Bischofberger, U. Bitenc, K. M. Black, R. E. Blair, G. Blanchot, C. Blocker, J. Blocki, A. Blondel, W. Blum, U. Blumenschein, C. Boaretto, G. J. Bobbink, A. Bocci, B. Bodine, J. Boek, N. Boelaert, S. Boeser, J. A. Bogaerts, A. Bogouch, C. Bohm, J. Bohm, V. Boisvert, T. Bold, V. Boldea, V. G. Bondarenko, M. Bondioli, M. Boonekamp, C. N. Booth, P. S. L. Booth, J. R. A. Booth, A. Borisov, G. Borissov, I. Borjanovic, S. Borroni, K. Bos, D. Boscherini, M. Bosman, M. Bosteels, H. Boterenbrood, J. Bouchami, J. Boudreau, E. V. Bouhova-Thacker, C. Boulahouache, C. Bourdarios, J. Boyd, I. R. Boyko, A. Braem, P. Branchini, G. W. Brandenburg, A. Brandt, O. Brandt, U. Bratzler, J. E. Brau, H. M. Braun, B. Brelier, J. Bremer, R. Brenner, S. Bressler, D. Breton, N. D. Brett, D. Britton, F. M. Brochu, I. Brock, R. Brock, E. Brodet, F. Broggi, G. Brooijmans, W. K. Brooks, E. Brubaker, P. A. Bruckman de Renstrom, D. Bruncko, R. Bruneliere, S. Brunet, A. Bruni, G. Bruni, M. Bruschi, T. Buanes, F. B. Bucci, P. Buchholz, A. G. Buckley, I. A. Budagov, V. Buescher, L. Bugge, F. Bujor, O. Bulekov, M. Bunse, T. Buran, H. Burckhart, S. Burdin, S. Burke, E. Busato, C. P. Buszello, F. Butin, B. Butler, J. M. Butler, C. M. Buttar, J. M. Butterworth, T. Byatt, S. Cabrera Urban, D. Caforio, O. Cakir, P. Calafiura, G. Calderini, R. Calkins, L. P. Caloba, R. Caloi, D. Calvet, P. Camarri, M. Cambiaghi, D. Cameron, F. Campabadal Segura, S. Campana, M. Campanelli, V. Canale, J. Cantero, M. D. M. Capeans Garrido, I. Caprini, M. Caprini, M. Capua, R. Caputo, C. Caramarcu, R. Cardarelli, T. Carli, G. Carlino, L. Carminati, B. Caron, S. Caron, S. Carron Montero, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, J. Carvalho, D. Casadei, M. P. Casado, M. Cascella, C. Caso, A. M. Castaneda Hernadez, E. Castaneda Miranda, V. Castillo Gimenez, N. F. Castro, G. Cataldi, A. Catinaccio, J. R. Catmore, A. Cattai, G. Cattani, S. Caughron, D. Cauz, P. Cavalleri, D. Cavalli, M. Cavalli-Sforza, V. Cavasinni, A. Cazzato, F. Ceradini, A. S. Cerqueira, A. Cerri, L. Cerrito, F. Cerutti, S. A. Cetin, F. Cevenini, A. C. Chafaq, D. Chakraborty, J. D. Chapman, J. W. Chapman, E. C. Chareyre, D. G. Charlton, S. C. Chatterjii, S. Cheatham, S. Chekanov, S. V. Chekulaev, G. A. Chelkov, H. Chen, T. Chen, X. Chen, S. Cheng, T. L. Cheng, A. Cheplakov, V. F. Chepurnov, R. Cherkaoui El Moursli, V. Tcherniatine, D. Chesneanu, E. Cheu, S. L. Cheung, L. Chevalier, F. Chevallier, V. Chiarella, G. Chiefari, L. Chikovani, J. T. Childers, A. Chilingarov, G. Chiodini, S. Chouridou, D. Chren, I. A. Christidi, A. Christov, D. Chromek-Burckhart, M. L. Chu, J. Chudoba, G. Ciapetti, A. K. Ciftci, R. Ciftci, V. Cindro, M. D. Ciobotaru, C. Ciocca, A. Ciocio, M. Cirilli, M. Citterio, A. Clark, W. Cleland, J. C. Clemens, B. Clement, C. Clement, D. Clements, Y. Coadou, M. Cobal, A. Coccaro, J. Cochran, S. Coelli, J. Coggeshall, E. Cogneras, C. D. Cojocaru, J. Colas, B. Cole, A. P. Colijn, C. Collard, N. J. Collins, C. Collins-Tooth, J. Collot, G. Colon, R. Coluccia, P. Conde Muino, E. Coniavitis, M. Consonni, S. Constantinescu, C. Conta, F. Conventi, J. Cook, M. Cooke, B. D. Cooper, N. J. Cooper-Smith, K. Copic, T. Cornelissen, M. Corradi, F. C. Corriveau, A. Corso-Radu, A. Cortes-Gonzalez, G. Costa, M. J. Costa, D. Costanzo, T. Costin, D. Cote, R. Coura Torres, L. Courneyea, G. Cowan, C. C. Cowden, B. E. Cox, K. Cranmer, J. Cranshaw, M. Cristinziani, G. Crosetti, R. C. Crupi, S. Crepe-Renaudin, C. -M. Cuciuc, C. Cuenca Almenar, M. Curatolo, C. J. Curtis, P. Cwetanski, Z. Czyczula, S. D'Auria, M. D'Onofrio, A. D'Orazio, A. Da Rocha Gesualdi Mello, P. V. M. Da Silva, C. V. Da Via, W. Dabrowski, T. Dai, C. Dallapiccola, S. J. Dallison, C. H. Daly, M. Dam, H. O. Danielsson, D. Dannheim, V. Dao, G. Darbo, W. D. Davey, T. Davidek, N. Davidson, R. Davidson, A. R. Davison, I. Dawson, J. W. Dawson, R. K. Daya, K. De, R. de Asmundis, S. De Castro, P. E. De Castro Faria Salgado, S. De Cecco, N. De Groot, P. de Jong, E. De La Cruz-Burelo, C. De La Taille, L. De Mora, M. De Oliveira Branco, D. De Pedis, A. De Salvo, U. De Sanctis, A. De Santo, J. B. De Vivie De Regie, G. De Zorzi, S. Dean, G. Dedes, D. V. Dedovich, P. O. Defay, J. Degenhardt, M. Dehchar, C. Del Papa, J. Del Peso, T. Del Prete, A. Dell'Acqua, L. Dell'Asta, M. Della Pietra, D. della Volpe, M. Delmastro, N. Delruelle, P. A. Delsart, S. Demers, M. Demichev, B. Demirkoz, W. Deng, S. P. Denisov, C. Dennis, F. Derue, P. Dervan, K. K. Desch, P. O. Deviveiros, A. Dewhurst, R. Dhullipudi, A. Di Ciaccio, L. Di Ciaccio, A. Di Domenico, A. Di Girolamo, B. Di Girolamo, S. Di Luise, A. Di Mattia, R. Di Nardo, A. Di Simone, R. Di Sipio, M. A. Diaz, E. B. Diehl, J. Dietrich, S. Diglio, K. Dindar Yagci, D. J. Dingfelder, C. Dionisi, P. Dita, S. Dita, F. Dittus, F. Djama, R. Djilkibaev, T. Djobava, M. A. B. do Vale, M. Dobbs, R. Dobinson, D. Dobos, E. Dobson, M. Dobson, O. B. Dogan, T. Doherty, Y. Doi, J. Dolejsi, I. Dolenc, Z. Dolezal, B. A. Dolgoshein, M. Donega, J. Donini, T. Donszelmann, J. Dopke, D. E. Dorfan, A. Doria, A. Dos Anjos, M. Dosil, A. Dotti, M. T. Dova, A. Doxiadis, A. T. Doyle, J. D. Dragic, Z. Drasal, N. Dressnandt, C. Driouichi, M. Dris, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, A. Dudarev, M. Duehrssen, I. P. Duerdoth, L. Duflot, M-A. Dufour, M. Dunford, A. Duperrin, H. Duran Yildiz, A. Dushkin, R. Duxfield, M. Dwuznik, M. Dueren, W. L. Ebenstein, S. Eckert, S. Eckweiler, K. Edmonds, P. Eerola, K. Egorov, W. Ehrenfeld, T. Ehrich, T. Eifert, G. Eigen, K. Einsweiler, E. Eisenhandler, T. Ekelof, M. El Kacimi, M. Ellert, S. Elles, K. Ellis, N. Ellis, J. Elmsheuser, M. Elsing, R. Ely, D. Emeliyanov, R. Engelmann, A. Engl, B. Epp, A. Eppig, V. S. Epshteyn, J. Erdmann, A. Ereditato, D. Eriksson, I. Ermoline, J. Ernst, E. Ernst, J. Ernwein, D. Errede, S. Errede, M. Escalier, C. Escobar, X. Espinal Curull, B. Esposito, F. Etienne, A. I. Etienvre, E. Etzion, H. Evans, L. Fabbri, C. Fabre, P. Faccioli, K. Facius, R. M. Fakhrutdinov, S. Falciano, A. C. Falou, Y. Fang, M. Fanti, A. Farbin, A. Farilla, J. Farley, T. Farooque, S. M. Farrington, P. Farthouat, F. Fassi, P. Fassnacht, D. Fassouliotis, B. Fatholahzadeh, L. Fayard, F. Fayette, R. Febbraro, P. Federic, O. L. Fedin, I. Fedorko, L. Feligioni, C. Feng, E. J. Feng, A. B. Fenyuk, J. Ferencei, J. Ferland, W. Fernando, S. Ferrag, A. Ferrari, P. Ferrari, R. Ferrari, A. Ferrer, M. L. Ferrer, D. Ferrere, C. Ferretti, M. Fiascaris, F. Fiedler, A. Filipcic, A. Filippas, F. Filthaut, M. Fincke-Keeler, L. Fiorini, A. Firan, G. Fischer, M. J. Fisher, H. F. Flacher, M. Flechl, I. Fleck, J. Fleckner, P. Fleischmann, S. Fleischmann, C. M. Fleta Corral, T. Flick, L. R. Flores Castillo, M. J. Flowerdew, F. Foehlisch, M. Fokitis, T. Fonseca Martin, D. A. Forbush, A. Formica, A. Forti, J. M. Foster, D. Fournier, A. Foussat, A. J. Fowler, K. F. Fowler, H. Fox, P. Francavilla, S. Franchino, D. Francis, S. Franz, M. Fraternali, S. Fratina, J. Freestone, R. Froeschl, D. Froidevaux, J. A. Frost, C. Fukunaga, E. Fullana Torregrosa, J. Fuster, C. Gabaldon, O. G. Gabizon, T. 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A detailed study is presented of the expected performance of the ATLAS detector. The reconstruction of tracks, leptons, photons, missing energy and jets is investigated, together with the performance of b-tagging and the trigger. The physics potential for a variety of interesting physics processes, within the Standard Model and beyond, is examined. Read More

We study nonaxisymmetric collision of two black holes (BHs) with a high velocity $v=|dx^i/dx^0|=0.6$--$0.9c$ at infinity, where $x^{\mu}$ denotes four-dimensional coordinates. Read More