H. Kang - Pusan National University, Korea

H. Kang
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H. Kang
Pusan National University, Korea
South Korea

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (8)
Nuclear Experiment (7)
Statistics - Methodology (5)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (4)
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (4)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (2)
Statistics - Theory (2)
Statistics - Applications (2)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (2)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
Statistics - Computation (1)
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (1)
Computer Science - Graphics (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)

Publications Authored By H. Kang

The quantum Hall conductance in monolayer graphene on an epitaxial SrTiO3 (STO) thin film is studied to understand the role of oxygen vacancies in determining the dielectric properties of STO. As the gate voltage sweep range is gradually increased in our device, we observe systematic generation and annihilation of oxygen vacancies evidenced from the hysteretic conductance behavior in graphene. Furthermore, based on the experimentally observed linear scaling relation between the effective capacitance and the voltage sweep range, a simple model is constructed to manifest the relationship among the dielectric properties of STO with oxygen vacancies. Read More

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

Biochemical reaction networks frequently consist of species evolving on multiple timescales. Stochastic simulations of such networks are often computationally challenging and therefore various methods have been developed to obtain sensible stochastic approximations on the timescale of interest. One of the rigorous and popular approaches is the multiscale approximation method for continuous time Markov processes. Read More

We develop methods to evaluate whether a political districting accurately represents the will of the people. To explore and showcase our ideas, we concentrate on the congressional districts for the U.S. Read More

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. Read More

Although many of the observed properties of giant radio relics detected in the outskirts of galaxy clusters can be explained by relativistic electrons accelerated at merger-driven shocks, significant puzzles remain. In the case of the so-called Toothbrush relic, the shock Mach number estimated from X-ray observations ($M_{\rm X}\approx 1.2-1. Read More

We prove that the elastic Neumann--Poincar\'e operator defined on the smooth boundary of a bounded domain in three dimensions, which is known to be non-compact, is in fact polynomially compact. As a consequence, we prove that the spectrum of the elastic Neumann-Poincar\'e operator consists of three non-empty sequences of eigenvalues accumulating to certain numbers determined by Lam\'e parameters. These results are proved using the surface Riesz transform, calculus of pseudo-differential operators and the spectral mapping theorem. Read More

Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first longitudinal/transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions $d\sigma_L/dt$, $d\sigma_T/dt$, $d\sigma_{LT}/dt$ and $d\sigma_{TT}/dt$ are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at $Q^2$=1.75 GeV$^2$ and $x_B$=0. Read More

On the largest scales, the Universe consists of voids and filaments making up the cosmic web. Galaxy clusters are located at the knots in this web, at the intersection of filaments. Clusters grow through accretion from these large-scale filaments and by mergers with other clusters and groups. Read More

We investigate anomalous localized resonance on the circular coated structure and cloaking related to it in the context of elasto-static systems. The structure consists of the circular core with constant Lam\'e parameters and the circular shell of negative Lam\'e parameters proportional to those of the core. We show that the eigenvalues of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator corresponding to the structure converges to certain non-zero numbers determined by Lam\'e parameters and derive precise asymptotics of the convergence. Read More

We report the design and test results of a beam monitor developed for online monitoring in hadron therapy. The beam monitor uses eight silicon pixel sensors, \textit{Topmetal-${II}^-$}, as the anode array. \textit{Topmetal-${II}^-$} is a charge sensor designed in a CMOS 0. Read More

Word embeddings are now ubiquitous forms of word representation in natural language processing. There have been applications of word embeddings for monolingual word sense disambiguation (WSD) in English, but few comparisons have been done. This paper attempts to bridge that gap by examining popular embeddings for the task of monolingual English WSD. Read More

The competition between interactions in frustrated magnets allows a wide variety of new ground states, often exhibiting emergent physics and unique excitations. Expanding the suite of lattices available for study enhances our chances of finding exotic physics. Mn$_2$Sb$_2$O$_7$ forms in a chiral, kagome-based structure in which a fourth member is added to the kagome-plane triangles to form an armchair unit and link adjacent kagome planes. Read More

Interactions play a key role in understanding objects and scenes, for both virtual and real world agents. We introduce a new general representation for proximal interactions among physical objects that is agnostic to the type of objects or interaction involved. The representation is based on tracking particles on one of the participating objects and then observing them with sensors appropriately placed in the interaction volume or on the interaction surfaces. Read More

Modern, high dimensional data has renewed investigation on instrumental variables (IV) analysis, primary focusing on estimation of the included endogenous variable under sparsity and little attention towards specification tests. This paper studies in high dimensions the Durbin-Wu-Hausman (DWH) test, a popular specification test for endogeneity in IV regression. We show, surprisingly, that the DWH test maintains its size in high dimensions, but at an expense in power. Read More

We performed Se and F-NMR measurements on single crystals of (TMTSF)2FSO3 to characterize the electronic structures of different phases in the Temperature-Pressure phase diagram, determined by precise transport measurements [Jo et al., Phys. Rev. Read More

In non-network settings, encouragement designs have been widely used to analyze causal effects of a treatment, policy, or intervention on an outcome of interest when randomizing the treatment was considered impractical or when compliance to treatment cannot be perfectly enforced. Unfortunately, such questions related to treatment compliance have received less attention in network settings and the most well-studied experimental design in networks, the two-stage randomization design, requires perfect compliance with treatment. The paper proposes a new experimental design called peer encouragement design to study network treatment effects when enforcing treatment randomization is not feasible. Read More

We present deeply virtual $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross-section measurements at $x_B$=0.36 and three different $Q^2$--values ranging from 1.5 to 2 GeV$^2$, obtained from experiment E07-007 that ran in the Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Read More

Permutation tests are commonly used for estimating p-values from statistical hypothesis testing when the sampling distribution of the test statistic under the null hypothesis is not available or unreliable for finite sample sizes. One critical challenge for permutation tests in genomic studies is that an enormous number of permutations is needed for obtaining reliable estimations of small p-values, which requires intensive computational efforts. In this paper, we develop a computationally efficient algorithm for evaluating small p-values from permutation tests based on an adaptive importance sampling approach, which uses the cross-entropy method for finding the optimal proposal density. Read More

Authors: X. Zheng1, K. P. Adhikari2, P. Bosted3, A. Deur4, V. Drozdov5, L. El Fassi6, Hyekoo Kang7, K. Kovacs8, S. Kuhn9, E. Long10, S. K. Phillips11, M. Ripani12, K. Slifer13, L. C. Smith14, D. Adikaram15, Z. Akbar16, M. J. Amaryan17, S. Anefalos Pereira18, G. Asryan19, H. Avakian20, R. A. Badui21, J. Ball22, N. A. Baltzell23, M. Battaglieri24, V. Batourine25, I. Bedlinskiy26, A. S. Biselli27, W. J. Briscoe28, S. Bültmann29, V. D. Burkert30, D. S. Carman31, A. Celentano32, S. Chandavar33, G. Charles34, J. -P. Chen35, T. Chetry36, Seonho Choi37, G. Ciullo38, L. Clark39, L. Colaneri40, P. L. Cole41, N. Compton42, M. Contalbrigo43, V. Crede44, A. D'Angelo45, N. Dashyan46, R. De Vita47, E. De Sanctis48, C. Djalali49, G. E. Dodge50, R. Dupre51, H. Egiyan52, A. El Alaoui53, L. Elouadrhiri54, P. Eugenio55, E. Fanchini56, G. Fedotov57, R. Fersch58, A. Filippi59, J. A. Fleming60, N. Gevorgyan61, Y. Ghandilyan62, G. P. Gilfoyle63, K. L. Giovanetti64, F. X. Girod65, C. Gleason66, E. Golovach67, R. W. Gothe68, K. A. Griffioen69, M. Guidal70, N. Guler71, L. Guo72, C. Hanretty73, N. Harrison74, M. Hattawy75, K. Hicks76, M. Holtrop77, S. M. Hughes78, Y. Ilieva79, D. G. Ireland80, B. S. Ishkhanov81, E. L. Isupov82, D. Jenkins83, H. Jiang84, H. S. Jo85, S. Joosten86, D. Keller87, G. Khachatryan88, M. Khandaker89, A. Kim90, W. Kim91, F. J. Klein92, V. Kubarovsky93, L. Lanza94, P. Lenisa95, K. Livingston96, I . J . D. MacGregor97, N. Markov98, B. McKinnon99, M. Mirazita100, V. Mokeev101, A. Movsisyan102, E. Munevar103, C. Munoz Camacho104, G. Murdoch105, P. Nadel-Turonski106, L. A. Net107, A. Ni108, S. Niccolai109, G. Niculescu110, I. Niculescu111, M. Osipenko112, A. I. Ostrovidov113, M. Paolone114, R. Paremuzyan115, K. Park116, E. Pasyuk117, P. Peng118, S. Pisano119, O. Pogorelko120, J. W. Price121, A. J. R. Puckett122, B. A. Raue123, A. Rizzo124, G. Rosner125, P. Rossi126, P. Roy127, F. Sabatié128, C. Salgado129, R. A. Schumacher130, Y. G. Sharabian131, Iu. Skorodumina132, G. D. Smith133, D. Sokhan134, N. Sparveris135, I. Stankovic136, I. I. Strakovsky137, S. Strauch138, M. Taiuti139, Ye Tian140, M. Ungaro141, H. Voskanyan142, E. Voutier143, N. K. Walford144, D. P. Watts145, X. Wei146, L. B. Weinstein147, M. H. Wood148, N. Zachariou149, J. Zhang150
Affiliations: 1The CLAS Collaboration, 2The CLAS Collaboration, 3The CLAS Collaboration, 4The CLAS Collaboration, 5The CLAS Collaboration, 6The CLAS Collaboration, 7The CLAS Collaboration, 8The CLAS Collaboration, 9The CLAS Collaboration, 10The CLAS Collaboration, 11The CLAS Collaboration, 12The CLAS Collaboration, 13The CLAS Collaboration, 14The CLAS Collaboration, 15The CLAS Collaboration, 16The CLAS Collaboration, 17The CLAS Collaboration, 18The CLAS Collaboration, 19The CLAS Collaboration, 20The CLAS Collaboration, 21The CLAS Collaboration, 22The CLAS Collaboration, 23The CLAS Collaboration, 24The CLAS Collaboration, 25The CLAS Collaboration, 26The CLAS Collaboration, 27The CLAS Collaboration, 28The CLAS Collaboration, 29The CLAS Collaboration, 30The CLAS Collaboration, 31The CLAS Collaboration, 32The CLAS Collaboration, 33The CLAS Collaboration, 34The CLAS Collaboration, 35The CLAS Collaboration, 36The CLAS Collaboration, 37The CLAS Collaboration, 38The CLAS Collaboration, 39The CLAS Collaboration, 40The CLAS Collaboration, 41The CLAS Collaboration, 42The CLAS Collaboration, 43The CLAS Collaboration, 44The CLAS Collaboration, 45The CLAS Collaboration, 46The CLAS Collaboration, 47The CLAS Collaboration, 48The CLAS Collaboration, 49The CLAS Collaboration, 50The CLAS Collaboration, 51The CLAS Collaboration, 52The CLAS Collaboration, 53The CLAS Collaboration, 54The CLAS Collaboration, 55The CLAS Collaboration, 56The CLAS Collaboration, 57The CLAS Collaboration, 58The CLAS Collaboration, 59The CLAS Collaboration, 60The CLAS Collaboration, 61The CLAS Collaboration, 62The CLAS Collaboration, 63The CLAS Collaboration, 64The CLAS Collaboration, 65The CLAS Collaboration, 66The CLAS Collaboration, 67The CLAS Collaboration, 68The CLAS Collaboration, 69The CLAS Collaboration, 70The CLAS Collaboration, 71The CLAS Collaboration, 72The CLAS Collaboration, 73The CLAS Collaboration, 74The CLAS Collaboration, 75The CLAS Collaboration, 76The CLAS Collaboration, 77The CLAS Collaboration, 78The CLAS Collaboration, 79The CLAS Collaboration, 80The CLAS Collaboration, 81The CLAS Collaboration, 82The CLAS Collaboration, 83The CLAS Collaboration, 84The CLAS Collaboration, 85The CLAS Collaboration, 86The CLAS Collaboration, 87The CLAS Collaboration, 88The CLAS Collaboration, 89The CLAS Collaboration, 90The CLAS Collaboration, 91The CLAS Collaboration, 92The CLAS Collaboration, 93The CLAS Collaboration, 94The CLAS Collaboration, 95The CLAS Collaboration, 96The CLAS Collaboration, 97The CLAS Collaboration, 98The CLAS Collaboration, 99The CLAS Collaboration, 100The CLAS Collaboration, 101The CLAS Collaboration, 102The CLAS Collaboration, 103The CLAS Collaboration, 104The CLAS Collaboration, 105The CLAS Collaboration, 106The CLAS Collaboration, 107The CLAS Collaboration, 108The CLAS Collaboration, 109The CLAS Collaboration, 110The CLAS Collaboration, 111The CLAS Collaboration, 112The CLAS Collaboration, 113The CLAS Collaboration, 114The CLAS Collaboration, 115The CLAS Collaboration, 116The CLAS Collaboration, 117The CLAS Collaboration, 118The CLAS Collaboration, 119The CLAS Collaboration, 120The CLAS Collaboration, 121The CLAS Collaboration, 122The CLAS Collaboration, 123The CLAS Collaboration, 124The CLAS Collaboration, 125The CLAS Collaboration, 126The CLAS Collaboration, 127The CLAS Collaboration, 128The CLAS Collaboration, 129The CLAS Collaboration, 130The CLAS Collaboration, 131The CLAS Collaboration, 132The CLAS Collaboration, 133The CLAS Collaboration, 134The CLAS Collaboration, 135The CLAS Collaboration, 136The CLAS Collaboration, 137The CLAS Collaboration, 138The CLAS Collaboration, 139The CLAS Collaboration, 140The CLAS Collaboration, 141The CLAS Collaboration, 142The CLAS Collaboration, 143The CLAS Collaboration, 144The CLAS Collaboration, 145The CLAS Collaboration, 146The CLAS Collaboration, 147The CLAS Collaboration, 148The CLAS Collaboration, 149The CLAS Collaboration, 150The CLAS Collaboration

We report measurements of target- and double-spin asymmetries for the exclusive channel $\vec e\vec p\to e\pi^+ (n)$ in the nucleon resonance region at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). These asymmetries were extracted from data obtained using a longitudinally polarized NH$_3$ target and a longitudinally polarized electron beam with energies 1.1, 1. Read More

The Sausage radio relic is the arc-like radio structure in the cluster CIZA J2242.8+5301, whose observed properties can be best understood by synchrotron emission from relativistic electrons accelerated at a merger-driven shock. However, there remain a few puzzles that cannot be explained by the shock acceleration model with only in-situ injection. Read More

We report on non-sequential double ionization of Ar by a laser pulse consisting of two counter rotating circularly polarized fields (390 nm and 780 nm). The double ionization probability depends strongly on the relative intensity of the two fields and shows a "knee"-like structure as function of intensity. We conclude that double ionization is driven by a beam of nearly monoenergetic recolliding electrons, which can be controlled in intensity and energy by the field parameters. Read More

PAL-XFEL, a 4th generation light source, is currently being installed and will be completed by December of 2015 so that users can be supported beginning in 2016. PAL-XFEL equipment should continuously maintain the bunch-to-bunch beam parameter (60Hz, Energy 10GeV, Charge 200pC, Bunch Length 60fs, Emittance X/Y 0.481mm/0. Read More

In randomized experiments, subjects often fail to comply with the assigned treatment assignment. When such non-compliance occurs, the method of instrumental variables provides a framework to study causal effects for those who actually received the treatment. In this paper, we compare various finite sample methods of inference used in instrumental variables. Read More

We show that the eigenvalues of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator on analytic boundaries of simply connected bounded planar domains tend to zero exponentially fast, and the exponential convergence rate is determined by the maximal Grauert radius of the boundary. We present a few examples of boundaries to show that the estimate is optimal. Read More

Estimating the long-term effects of treatments is of interest in many fields. A common challenge in estimating such treatment effects is that long-term outcomes are unobserved in the time frame needed to make policy decisions. One approach to overcome this missing data problem is to analyze treatments effects on an intermediate outcome, often called a statistical surrogate, if it satisfies the condition that treatment and outcome are independent conditional on the statistical surrogate. Read More

The Toothbrush radio relic associated the merging cluster 1RXS J060303.3 is presumed to be produced by relativistic electrons accelerated at merger-driven shocks. Since the shock Mach number inferred from the observed radio spectral index, $M_{radio}\approx 2. Read More

The instrumental variable (IV) method is commonly used to estimate the causal effect of a treatment on an outcome by using IVs that satisfy the assumptions of association with treatment, no direct effect on the outcome and ignorability. A major challenge in IV analysis is to find said IVs, but typically one is unsure of whether all of the putative IVs are in fact valid (i.e. Read More

We study spectral properties of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator on planar domains with corners with particular emphasis on existence of continuous spectrum and pure point spectrum. We show that the rate of resonance at continuous spectrum is different from that at eigenvalues, and then derive a method to distinguish continuous spectrum from eigenvalues. We perform computational experiments using the method to see whether continuous spectrum and pure point spectrum appear on domains with corners. Read More

Here, we experimentally generated photonic graphene by resonance of inhomogeneously strained one dimensional lattices of triangular solitons. Where mildly twisted solitons are considered as north and south monopoles, while strongly twisted solitons are considered as defect north monopoles. Weak bounding is observed between the opposite monopoles. Read More

Electrical transport in monolayer graphene on SrTiO3 (STO) thin film is examined in order to promote gate-voltage scaling using a high-k dielectric material. The atomically flat surface of thin STO layer epitaxially grown on Nb-doped STO single-crystal substrate offers good adhesion between the high-k film and graphene, resulting in nonhysteretic conductance as a function of gate voltage at all temperatures down to 2 K. The two-terminal conductance quantization under magnetic fields corresponding to quantum Hall states survives up to 200 K at a magnetic field of 14 T. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Earth Sciences, Pusan National University, Korea, 2Department of Physics, UNIST, Korea

Most of the observed features of radio {\it gischt} relics such as spectral steepening across the relic width and power-law-like integrated spectrum can be adequately explained by diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) model, in which relativistic electrons are (re-)accelerated at shock waves induced in the intracluster medium. However, the steep spectral curvature in the integrated spectrum above $\sim 2$ GHz detected in some radio relics such as the Sausage relic in cluster CIZA J2242.8+5301 may not be interpreted by simple radiative cooling of postshock electrons. Read More

The neutral inclusion problem in two dimensional isotropic elasticity is considered. The neutral inclusion, when inserted in a matrix having a uniform applied field, does not disturb the field outside the inclusion. The inclusion consists of the core and shell of arbitrary shapes, and their elasticity tensors are isotropic. Read More

In order to meet the requirement of BBN, the right handed neutrino is added to the singlet Higgs sector in the GNMSSM. The spectrum and Feynman rules are calculated. the dark matter phenomenology is also studied. Read More

We report a novel negative photoconductivity (NPC) mechanism in n-type indium arsenide nanowires (NWs). Photoexcitation significantly suppresses the conductivity with a gain up to 10^5. The origin of NPC is attributed to the depletion of conduction channels by light assisted hot electron trapping, supported by gate voltage threshold shift and wavelength dependent photoconductance measurements. Read More

Authors: S. A. Stern, F. Bagenal, K. Ennico, G. R. Gladstone, W. M. Grundy, W. B. McKinnon, J. M. Moore, C. B. Olkin, J. R. Spencer, H. A. Weaver, L. A. Young, T. Andert, J. Andrews, M. Banks, B. Bauer, J. Bauman, O. S. Barnouin, P. Bedini, K. Beisser, R. A. Beyer, S. Bhaskaran, R. P. Binzel, E. Birath, M. Bird, D. J. Bogan, A. Bowman, V. J. Bray, M. Brozovic, C. Bryan, M. R. Buckley, M. W. Buie, B. J. Buratti, S. S. Bushman, A. Calloway, B. Carcich, A. F. Cheng, S. Conard, C. A. Conrad, J. C. Cook, D. P. Cruikshank, O. S. Custodio, C. M. Dalle Ore, C. Deboy, Z. J. B. Dischner, P. Dumont, A. M. Earle, H. A. Elliott, J. Ercol, C. M. Ernst, T. Finley, S. H. Flanigan, G. Fountain, M. J. Freeze, T. Greathouse, J. L. Green, Y. Guo, M. Hahn, D. P. Hamilton, S. A. Hamilton, J. Hanley, A. Harch, H. M. Hart, C. B. Hersman, A. Hill, M. E. Hill, D. P. Hinson, M. E. Holdridge, M. Horanyi, A. D. Howard, C. J. A. Howett, C. Jackman, R. A. Jacobson, D. E. Jennings, J. A. Kammer, H. K. Kang, D. E. Kaufmann, P. Kollmann, S. M. Krimigis, D. Kusnierkiewicz, T. R. Lauer, J. E. Lee, K. L. Lindstrom, I. R. Linscott, C. M. Lisse, A. W. Lunsford, V. A. Mallder, N. Martin, D. J. McComas, R. L. McNutt Jr., D. Mehoke, T. Mehoke, E. D. Melin, M. Mutchler, D. Nelson, F. Nimmo, J. I. Nunez, A. Ocampo, W. M. Owen, M. Paetzold, B. Page, A. H. Parker, J. W. Parker, F. Pelletier, J. Peterson, N. Pinkine, M. Piquette, S. B. Porter, S. Protopapa, J. Redfern, H. J. Reitsema, D. C. Reuter, J. H. Roberts, S. J. Robbins, G. Rogers, D. Rose, K. Runyon, K. D. Retherford, M. G. Ryschkewitsch, P. Schenk, E. Schindhelm, B. Sepan, M. R. Showalter, K. N. Singer, M. Soluri, D. Stanbridge, A. J. Steffl, D. F. Strobel, T. Stryk, M. E. Summers, J. R. Szalay, M. Tapley, A. Taylor, H. Taylor, H. B. Throop, C. C. C. Tsang, G. L. Tyler, O. M. Umurhan, A. J. Verbiscer, M. H. Versteeg, M. Vincent, R. Webbert, S. Weidner, G. E. Weigle II, O. L. White, K. Whittenburg, B. G. Williams, K. Williams, S. Williams, W. W. Woods, A. M. Zangari, E. Zirnstein

The Pluto system was recently explored by NASA's New Horizons spacecraft, making closest approach on 14 July 2015. Pluto's surface displays diverse landforms, terrain ages, albedos, colors, and composition gradients. Evidence is found for a water-ice crust, geologically young surface units, surface ice convection, wind streaks, volatile transport, and glacial flow. Read More

We present a simultaneous single-dish survey of 22 GHz water maser and 44 GHz and 95 GHz class I methanol masers toward 77 6.7 GHz class II methanol maser sources, which were selected from the Arecibo methanol maser Galactic plane survey (AMGPS) catalog.Water maser emission is detected in 39 (51%) sources, of which 15 are new detections. Read More

We first investigate spectral properties of the Neumann-Poincar\'e (NP) operator for the Lam\'e system of elasto-statics. We show that the elasto-static NP operator can be symmetrized in the same way as that for Laplace operator. We then show that even if elasto-static NP operator is not compact even on smooth domains, its spectrum consists of eigenvalues which accumulates to two numbers determined by Lam\'e constants. Read More

We report on new p$(e,e^\prime p)\pi^\circ$ measurements at the $\Delta^{+}(1232)$ resonance at the low momentum transfer region. The mesonic cloud dynamics is predicted to be dominant and rapidly changing in this kinematic region offering a test bed for chiral effective field theory calculations. The new data explore the low $Q^2$ dependence of the resonant quadrupole amplitudes while extending the measurements of the Coulomb quadrupole amplitude to the lowest momentum transfer ever reached. Read More

A linear accelerator, called RAON, has been being developed as a part of Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) by Institute for Basic Science (IBS) [1]. The linear accelerator utilizes an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) ion source for providing intense highly charged ion beams to the linear accelerator. 28GHz ECR ion source can extract heavy ion beams from proton to uranium. Read More

This paper studies the interference channel with a cognitive relay (ICCR) under delayed feedback. Three types of delayed feedback are studied: delayed channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), delayed output feedback, and delayed Shannon feedback. Outer bounds are derived for the DoF region of the two-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) ICCR with delayed feedback as well as without feedback. Read More

We study resonance for the Helmholz equation with a finite frequency in a plasmonic material of negative dielectric constant in two and three dimensions. We show that the quasi-static approximation is valid for diametrically small inclusions. In fact, we quantitatively prove that if the diameter of a inclusion is small compared to the loss parameter, then resonance occurs exactly at eigenvalues of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator associated with the inclusion. Read More

Recent experiments showing scaling of the intrachromosomal contact probability, $P(s)\sim s^{-1}$ with the genomic distance $s$, are interpreted to mean a self-similar fractal-like chromosome organization. However, scaling of $P(s)$ varies across organisms, requiring an explanation. We illustrate dynamical arrest in a highly confined space as a discriminating marker for genome organization, by modeling chromosome inside a nucleus as a homopolymer confined to a sphere of varying sizes. Read More

In order to understand certain observed features of arc-like giant radio relics such as the rareness, uniform surface brightness, and curved integrated spectra, we explore a diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) model for radio relics in which a spherical shock impinges on a magnetized cloud containing fossil relativistic electrons. Toward this end, we perform DSA simulations of spherical shocks with the parameters relevant for the Sausage radio relic in cluster CIZA J2242.8+5301, and calculate the ensuing radio synchrotron emission from re-accelerated electrons. Read More

We investigate the conformations of DNA-like stiff chains, characterized by contour length ($L$) and persistence length ($l_p$), in a variety of crowded environments containing mono disperse soft spherical (SS) and spherocylindrical (SC) particles, mixture of SS and SC, and a milieu mimicking the composition of proteins in $E. coli.$ cytoplasm. Read More

Instrumental variables have been widely used to estimate the causal effect of a treatment on an outcome. Existing confidence intervals for causal effects based on instrumental variables assume that all of the putative instrumental variables are valid; a valid instrumental variable is a variable that affects the outcome only by affecting the treatment and is not related to unmeasured confounders. However, in practice, some of the putative instrumental variables are likely to be invalid. Read More

Radio relics detected in the outskirts of galaxy clusters are thought to trace radio-emitting relativistic electrons accelerated at cosmological shocks. In this study, using the cosmological hydrodynamic simulation data for the large-scale structure formation and adopting a diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) model for the production of cosmic-ray (CR) electrons, we construct mock radio and X-ray maps of simulated galaxy clusters that are projected in the sky plane. Various properties of shocks and radio relics, including the shock Mach number, radio spectral index and luminosity are extracted from the synthetic maps and compared with observations. Read More

In Kang (2015) we calculated the acceleration of cosmic-ray electrons and the ensuing radio synchrotron emission at weak spherical shocks that are expected to form in the outskirts of galaxy clusters.There we demonstrated that, at decelerating spherical shocks, the volume integrated spectra of both electrons and radiation deviate significantly from the test-particle power-laws predicted for constant planar shocks, because the shock compression ratio and the flux of injected electrons decrease in time. In this study, we consider spherical blast waves propagating into a constant density core surrounded by an isothermal halo with a decreasing density profile in order to explore how the deceleration rate of the shock speed affects the radio emission from accelerated electrons. Read More

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry, $A_y$, in quasi-elastic scattering from the inclusive reaction $^3$He$^{\uparrow}(e,e^\prime)$ on a $^3$He gas target polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero for one-photon exchange. A non-zero $A_y$ can arise from the interference between the one- and two-photon exchange processes which is sensitive to the details of the sub-structure of the nucleon. Read More

We study an elliptic equation with measurable coefficients arising from photo-acoustic imaging in inhomogeneous media. We establish Holder continuity of weak solutions and obtain pointwise bounds for Green's functions subject to Dirichlet or Neumann condition. Read More