H. Gao - The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

H. Gao
Are you H. Gao?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

H. Gao
The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (11)
Physics - Materials Science (8)
Nuclear Experiment (6)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
Physics - Optics (4)
Nuclear Theory (4)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Physics - Physics and Society (2)
Computer Science - Databases (2)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Mathematics - Probability (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Computers and Society (1)
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)

Publications Authored By H. Gao

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

In this paper, we consider the stochastic singular integral operators and obtain the BMO estimates. As an application, we consider the fractional Laplacian equation with additive noises \bess du_t(x)=\Delta^{\frac{\alpha}{2}}u_t(x)dt+\sum_{k=1}^\infty\int_{\mathbb{R}^m}g^k(t,x)z\tilde N_k(dz,dt),\ \ \ u_0=0,\ 0\leq t\leq T, \eess where $\Delta^{\frac{\alpha}{2}}=-(-\Delta)^{\frac{\alpha}{2}}$, and $\int_{\mathbb{R}^m}z\tilde N_k(t,dz)=:Y_t^k$ are independent $m$-dimensional pure jump L\'{e}vy processes with L\'{e}vy measure of $\nu^k$. Following the idea of \cite{Kim}, we obtain the $q$-th order BMO quasi-norm of the $\frac{\alpha}{q_0}$-order derivative of $u$ is controlled by the norm of $g$. Read More

In this paper, we are concerned with the estimates for the moments of stochastic convolution integrals. We first deal with the stochastic singular integral operators and we aim to derive the Morrey-Campanato estimates for the $p$-moments (for $p\ge1$). Then, by utilising the embedding theory between the Campanato space and H\"older space, we establish the norm of $C^{\theta,\theta/2}(\bar D)$, where $\theta\ge0, \bar D=\bar G\times[0,T]$ for arbitrarily fixed $T\in(0,\infty)$ and $G\subset\mathbb{R}^d$. Read More

Previous CNN-based video super-resolution approaches need to align multiple frames to the reference. In this paper, we show that proper frame alignment and motion compensation is crucial for achieving high quality results. We accordingly propose a `sub-pixel motion compensation' (SPMC) layer in a CNN framework. Read More

Estimating correspondence between two images and extracting the foreground object are two challenges in computer vision. With dual-lens smart phones, such as iPhone 7Plus and Huawei P9, coming into the market, two images of slightly different views provide us new information to unify the two topics. We propose a joint method to tackle them simultaneously via a joint fully connected conditional random field (CRF) framework. Read More

The electric dipole moment (EDM), which violates both parity and time-reversal symmetries, is one of the most sensitive probes of new physics beyond the standard model. Nucleons as the main building blocks of the visible universe provide a natural laboratory for the exploration of additional CP violation sources to understand the baryogenesis mechanism. The nucleon tensor charge, which can be measured through semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) processes, is a fundamental QCD quantity that measures the transversely polarized quark number in a transversely polarized proton. Read More

Band alignment between solids is a crucial issue in condensed matter physics and electronic devices. Although the XPS method has been used as a routine method for determination of the band alignment, the theoretical calculations by copying the XPS band alignment procedure usually fail to match the measured results. In this work, a reliable ab-initio calculation method for band alignment is proposed on the basis of the XPS procedure and in consideration of surface polarity and lattice deformation. Read More

Einstein's weak equivalence principle (WEP) states that any freely falling, uncharged test particle follows the same identical trajectory independent of its internal structure and composition. Since the polarization of a photon is considered to be part of its internal structure, we propose that polarized photons from astrophysical transients, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and fast radio bursts (FRBs), can be used to constrain the accuracy of the WEP through the Shapiro time delay effect. Assuming that the arrival time delays of photons with different polarizations are mainly attributed to the gravitational potential of the Laniakea supercluster of galaxies, we show that a strict upper limit on the differences of the parametrized post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma$ value for the polarized optical emission of GRB 120308A is $\Delta\gamma<1. Read More

Understanding the interaction between the valves and walls of the heart is important in assessing and subsequently treating heart dysfunction. With advancements in cardiac imaging, nonlinear mechanics and computational techniques, it is now possible to explore the mechanics of valve-heart interactions using anatomically and physiologically realistic models. This study presents an integrated model of the mitral valve (MV) coupled to the left ventricle (LV), with the geometry derived from in vivo clinical magnetic resonance images. Read More

Promoting information spreading is a booming research topic in network science community. However, the exiting studies about promoting information spreading seldom took into account the human memory, which plays an important role in the spreading dynamics. In this paper we propose a non-Markovian information spreading model on complex networks, in which every informed node contacts a neighbor by using the memory of neighbor's accumulated contact numbers in the past. Read More

Affiliations: 1Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China, 2Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China, 3Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China, 4Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China, 5Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China, 6School of Electronic Engineering, Bangor University, Bangor, UK, 7Key Laboratory of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System, Ministry of Education, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, China

Time delay signature (TDS) of a semiconductor laser subject to dispersive optical feedback from a chirped fiber Bragg grating (CFBG) is investigated experimentally and numerically. Different from mirror, CFBG provides additional frequency-dependent delay caused by dispersion, and thus induces external-cavity modes with irregular mode separation rather than a fixed separation induced by mirror feedback. Compared with mirror feedback, the CFBG feedback can greatly depress and even eliminate the TDS, although it leads to a similar quasi-period route to chaos with increases of feedback. Read More

The growth, atomic structure, and electronic property of trilayer graphene (TLG) on Ru(0001) were studied by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy in combined with tight-binding approximation (TBA) calculations. TLG on Ru(0001) shows a flat surface with a hexagonal lattice due to the screening effect of the bottom two layers and the AB-stacking in the top two layers. The coexistence of AA- and AB-stacking in the bottom two layers leads to three different stacking orders of TLG, namely, ABA-, ABC-, and ABB-stacking. Read More

This paper investigates the behavior of a heavy soft spring in steady circular motion. Since the spring is inhomogeneous due to centrifugal force, one can rigorously prove that it follows the one-dimensional quasi-static Willis equations instead of the Hooke's law. The theoretical predictions agree very well with experimental results. Read More

Designing an efficient routing strategy is of great importance to alleviate traffic congestion in multilayer networks. In this work, we design an effective routing strategy for multilayer networks by comprehensively considering the roles of nodes' local structures in micro-level, as well as the macro-level differences in transmission speeds between different layers. Both numerical and analytical results indicate that our proposed routing strategy can reasonably redistribute the traffic load of the low speed layer to the high speed layer, and thus the traffic capacity of multilayer networks are significantly enhanced compared with the monolayer low speed networks. Read More

We performed a global study on the timing and spectral properties of type-B quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in the outbursts of black hole X-ray binaries. The sample is built based on the observations of {\it Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer}, via searching in the literature in RXTE era for all the identified type-B QPOs. To enlarge the sample, we also investigated some type-B QPOs that are reported but not yet fully identified. Read More

We investigate the hidden strange light baryon-meson system. With the resonating-group method, two bound states, $\eta-N$ and $\phi-N$, are found in the quark delocalization color screening model. Focusing on the $\phi-N$ bound state around 1950 MeV, we obtain the total decay width of about 4 MeV by calculating the phase shifts in the resonance scattering processes. Read More

In this paper, we investigate the maximum and minimum of the dynamic pressure in a regular wave train with underlying currents and infinite depth respectively. The result is obtained using maximum principles in combination with exploiting some of the physical structures of the problem itself. Read More

The ejecta composition of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is an open question in GRB physics. Some GRBs possess a quasi-thermal spectral component in the time-resolved spectral analysis, suggesting a hot fireball origin. Some others show an essentially feature-less non-thermal spectrum known as the "Band" function, which can be interpreted as synchrotron radiation in an optically thin region, suggesting a Poynting-flux-dominated jet composition. Read More

A $\gamma$-ray transient, Swift J0644.5-5111, has been claimed to be associated with FRB 131104. The $\gamma$-ray energy output is estimated as $E_\gamma \approx 5\times 10^{51}$\,erg at the nominal $z\approx 0. Read More

In published papers, the Gibbs free energy of ferroelectric materials has usually been quantified by the retention of 6th or 8th order polarization terms. In this paper, a newly analytical model of Gibbs free energy, thereout, a new model of polarization-electric field hysteresis loops in ferroelectric materials has been derived mathematically. As a model validation, four patterns of polarization-electric field hysteresis loops of ferroelectric materials have been depicted by using the model. Read More

We propose a novel method to search for possible new macro-scale spin- and/or velocity-dependent forces (SVDFs) based on specially designed SmCo$_5$ spin sources and a spin exchange relaxation-free (SERF) comagnetometer. A simulation shows that, by covering a SmCo$_5$ permanent magnet with a layer of pure iron, a high net spin density source of about $1\times 10^{22}$/cm$^3$ could be obtained. Taking advantages of the high spin density of this iron-shielded SmCo$_5$ and the high sensitivity of the SERF, the proposed method could set up new limits of greater than 10 orders of magnitude more sensitive than those from previous experiments or proposals in exploring SVDFs in force ranges larger than 1 cm. Read More

Entity resolution (ER) is the problem of identifying and merging records that refer to the same real-world entity. In many scenarios, raw records are stored under heterogeneous environment. Specifically, the schemas of records may differ from each other. Read More

In Big data era, information integration often requires abundant data extracted from massive data sources. Due to a large number of data sources, data source selection plays a crucial role in information integration, since it is costly and even impossible to access all data sources. Data Source selection should consider both efficiency and effectiveness issues. Read More

To take advantage of the astrophysical potential of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs), Chinese and French astrophysicists have engaged the SVOM mission (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor). Major advances in GRB studies resulting from the synergy between space and ground observations, the SVOM mission implements space and ground instrumentation. The scientific objectives of the mission put a special emphasis on two categories of GRBs: very distant GRBs at z$>$5 which constitute exceptional cosmological probes, and faint/soft nearby GRBs which allow probing the nature of the progenitors and the physics at work in the explosion. Read More

The ability to open a door is essential for robots to perform home-serving and rescuing tasks. A substantial problem is to obtain the necessary parameters such as the width of the door and the length of the handle. Many researchers utilize computer vision techniques to extract the parameters automatically which lead to fine but not very stable results because of the complexity of the environment. Read More

Zhang (2013) proposed a type of GRB-less X-ray transient associated with double neutron star (NS-NS) mergers under the conjecture of a rapidly-spinning magnetar merger product with the line of sight off the short GRB jet. We investigate possible light curves of these transients by considering different observer's viewing angles. We perform Monte Carlo simulations to calculate the peak luminosity function (LF) and event rate density of these X-ray transients. Read More


The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in $^3$He($e,e^{\prime}\pi^{\pm}$)$X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 performed with a $5.9\,$GeV $e^-$ beam on a $^3$He target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range $0. Read More

Future experiments at the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV upgrade, in particular, the Solenoidal Large Intensity Device (SoLID), aim at a very precise data set in the region where the partonic structure of the nucleon is dominated by the valence quarks. One of the main goals is to constrain the quark transversity distributions. We apply recent theoretical advances of the global QCD extraction of the transversity distributions to study the impact of future experimental data from the SoLID experiments. Read More

We propose to measure the photo-production cross section of $J/{\psi}$ near threshold, in search of the recently observed LHCb hidden-charm resonances $P_c$(4380) and $P_c$(4450) consistent with 'pentaquarks'. The observation of these resonances in photo-production will provide strong evidence of the true resonance nature of the LHCb states, distinguishing them from kinematic enhancements. A bremsstrahlung photon beam produced with an 11 GeV electron beam at CEBAF covers the energy range of $J/{\psi}$ production from the threshold photo-production energy of 8. Read More

In this paper, by using classical Faedo-Galerkin approximation and compactness method, the existence of martingale solutions for the stochastic 3D Navier-Stokes equations with nonlinear damping is obtained. The existence and uniqueness of strong solution are proved for $\beta > 3$ with any $\alpha>0$ and $\alpha \geq \frac12$ as $\beta = 3$. Meanwhile, a small time large deviation principle for the stochastic 3D Navier-Stokes equation with damping is proved for $\beta > 3$ with any $\alpha>0$ and $\alpha \geq \frac12$ as $\beta = 3$. Read More

Due to fundamental interest and potential applications in quantum computation, tremendous efforts have been invested to study topological superconductivity. However, bulk topological superconductivity seems to be difficult to realize and its mechanism is still elusive. Several possible routes to induce topological superconductivity have been proposed, including proximity efforts, doping or pressurizing a topological insulator or semimetal. Read More

Stacked Auto-Encoder (SAE) is a kind of deep learning algorithm for unsupervised learning. Which has multi layers that project the vector representation of input data into a lower vector space. These projection vectors are dense representations of the input data. Read More

The merger of a double neutron star (NS-NS) binary may result in a rapidly rotating massive NS with an extremely strong magnetic field (i.e., a millisecond magnetar). Read More

Soft noncoherent detection, which relies on calculating the \textit{a posteriori} probabilities (APPs) of the bits transmitted with no channel estimation, is imperative for achieving excellent detection performance in high-dimensional wireless communications. In this paper, a high-performance belief propagation (BP)-based soft multiple-symbol differential detection (MSDD) framework, dubbed BP-MSDD, is proposed with its illustrative application in differential space-time block-code (DSTBC)-aided ultra-wideband impulse radio (UWB-IR) systems. Firstly, we revisit the signal sampling with the aid of a trellis structure and decompose the trellis into multiple subtrellises. Read More

It is commonly accepted that optical sub-Rayleigh imaging has potential application in many fields. In this Letter, by confining the divergence of the optical field, as well as the size of the illumination source, we show that the first-order averaged intensity measurement via speckle laser illumina- tion can make an actual breakthrough on the Rayleigh limit. For a high-order algorithm, it has been reported that the autocorrelation function can be utilized to achieve the sub-Rayleigh feature. Read More

It is known that the cross-correlation function (CCF) of a partially coherent vortex (PCV) beam shows a robust link with the radial and azimuthal mode indices. However, the previous proposals are difficult to measure the CCF in practical system, especially in the case of astronomical objects. In this letter, we demonstrate experimentally that the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect can be used to measure the mode indices of the original vortex beam and investigate the relationship between the spatial coherent width and the characterization of CCF of a PCV beam. Read More

We consider an amplify-and-forward relay network composed of a source, two relays, and a destination. In this network, the two relays are untrusted in the sense that they may perform Byzantine attacks by forwarding altered symbols to the destination. Note that every symbol received by the destination may be altered, and hence no clean reference observation is available to the destination. Read More

Let $p$ be a prime, $K$ a finite extension of $\mathbb Q_p$, and let $G_K$ be the absolute Galois group of $K$. The category of \'etale $(\varphi, \tau)$-modules is equivalent to the category of $p$-adic Galois representations of $G_K$. In this paper, we show that all \'etale $(\varphi, \tau)$-modules are overconvergent; this answers a question of Caruso. Read More

Relativistic jets can form from at least some tidal disruption events (TDEs) of (sub-)stellar objects around supermassive black holes. We detect the millimeter (MM) emission of IGR J12580+0134 --- the nearest TDE known in the galaxy NGC 4845 at the distance of only 17 Mpc, based on Planck all-sky survey data. The data show significant flux jumps after the event, followed by substantial declines, in all six high frequency Planck bands from 100 GHz to 857 GHz. Read More

With the fast development of wireless technologies, wireless applications have invaded various areas in people's lives with a wide range of capabilities. Guaranteeing Quality-of-Service (QoS) is the key to the success of those applications. One of the QoS requirements, service frequency, is very important for tasks including multimedia transmission in the Internet of Things. Read More

With the decrease of the dimensions of electronic devices, the role played by electrical contacts is ever increasing, eventually coming to dominate the overall device volume and total resistance. This is especially problematic for monolayers of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), which are promising candidates for atomically thin electronics. Ideal electrical contacts to them would require the use of similarly thin electrode materials while maintaining low contact resistances. Read More

A supramassive, strongly-magnetized millisecond neutron star (NS) has been proposed to be the candidate central engine of at least some short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs), based on the "internal plateau" commonly observed in the early X-ray afterglow. While a previous analysis shows a qualitative consistency between this suggestion and the Swift SGRB data, the distribution of observed break time $t_b$ is much narrower than the distribution of the collapse time of supramassive NSs for the several NS equations-of-state (EoSs) investigated. In this paper, we study four recently-constructed "unified" NS EoSs, as well as three developed strange quark star (QS) EoSs within the new confinement density-dependent mass model. Read More

Many foreign companies see social media as a low cost marketing space for entering the vast Chinese market. This is fraught with complexity, requiring an understanding of social media behaviour, social media marketing, and the Chinese context. In this exploratory pilot study, we develop the notion of franding (online freinding of brands) as a unifying metaphor, and suggest that effective social media brand strategies resemble effective online friend behaviours. Read More

Recently, the first association between an ultra-long gamma-ray burst (GRB) and a supernova is reported, i.e., GRB 111209A/SN 2011kl, which enables us to investigate the physics of central engines or even progenitors for ultra-long GRBs. Read More

One of the main obstacles that prevents practical applications of antiferromagnets is the difficulty of manipulating the magnetic order parameter. Recently, following the theoretical prediction [J. \v{Z}elezn\'y et al. Read More

There is growing interest in promoting deformation twinning for plasticity in advanced materials, as highly organized twin boundaries are beneficial to better strength-ductility combination in contrast to disordered grain boundaries. Twinning deformation typically involves the kinetics of stacking faults, its interaction with dislocations, and dislocation - twin boundary interactions. While the latter has been intensively investigated, the dynamics of stacking faults has been less known. Read More

Atomically thin black phosphorus (BP) is a promising two-dimensional material for fabricating electronic and optoelectronic nano-devices with high mobility and tunable bandgap structures. However, the charge-carrier mobility in few-layer phosphorene (monolayer BP) is mainly limited by the presence of impurity and disorders. In this study, we demonstrate that vertical BP heterostructure devices offer great advantages in probing the electron states of monolayer and few-layer phosphorene at temperatures down to 2 K through capacitance spectroscopy. Read More

It is well known that the spin Hall effect of light (SHEL) can be easily observed via weak measurement by the dark strip resulted from the splitting of different polarization components. We find that the SHEL of partially coherent beam (PCB) also has similar phenomenon. However, the existence of the dark strip in the SHEL of PCB can not be properly justified by considering the beam as a statistical assemble of coherent speckles. Read More

Five TeV neutrino events weakly correlated with five gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) were detected recently by IceCube. This work is an attempt to show that if the GRB identifications are verified, the observed time delays between the TeV neutrinos and gamma-ray photons from GRBs provide attractive candidates for testing fundamental physics with high accuracy. Based on the assumed associations between the TeV neutrinos and GRBs, we find that the limiting velocity of the neutrinos is equal to that of photons to an accuracy of $\sim1. Read More