Gustavo Amaral Lanfranchi - NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul

Gustavo Amaral Lanfranchi
Are you Gustavo Amaral Lanfranchi?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Name
Gustavo Amaral Lanfranchi
Affiliation
NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul
Location

Pubs By Year

External Links

Pub Categories

 
Astrophysics (8)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (7)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)

Publications Authored By Gustavo Amaral Lanfranchi

2017Mar
Affiliations: 1NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 2NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 3NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 4NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 5EACH-Universidade de São Paulo

We present results from a non-cosmological, three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulation of the gas in the dwarf spheroidal galaxy Ursa Minor. Assuming an initial baryonic-to-dark-matter ratio derived from the cosmic microwave background radiation, we evolved the galactic gas distribution over 3 Gyr, taking into account the effects of the types Ia and II supernovae. For the first time, we used in our simulation the instantaneous supernovae rates derived from a chemical evolution model applied to spectroscopic observational data of Ursa Minor. Read More

2015Apr
Affiliations: 1NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 2NAT-Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 3CDCC-Universidade de São Paulo, 4EACH-Universidade de São Paulo

As is usual in dwarf spheroidal galaxies, today the Local Group galaxy Ursa Minor is depleted of its gas content. How this galaxy lost its gas is still a matter of debate. To study the history of gas loss in Ursa Minor, we conducted the first three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of this object, assuming that the gas loss was driven by galactic winds powered only by type II supernovae (SNe II). Read More

We have studied the effects of various initial mass functions (IMFs) on the chemical evolution of the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy (Sgr). In particular, we tested the effects of the integrated galactic initial mass function (IGIMF) on various predicted abundance patterns. The IGIMF depends on the star formation rate and metallicity and predicts less massive stars in a regime of low star formation, as it is the case in dwarf spheroidals. Read More

We present updated chemical evolution models of two dwarf spheroidal galaxies (Sculptor and Carina) and the first detailed chemical evolution models of two ultra-faint dwarfs (Hercules and Bo\"otes I). Our results suggest that the dwarf spheroidals evolve with a low efficiency of star formation, confirming previous results, and the ultra-faint dwarfs with an even lower one. Under these assumptions, we can reproduce the stellar metallicity distribution function, the $[\alpha/Fe]$ vs. Read More

We present alpha-element abundances of Mg, Si, and Ti for a large sample of field stars in two outer fields of the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy (dSph), obtained with VLT/GIRAFFE (R~16,000). Due to the large fraction of metal-poor stars in our sample, we are able to follow the alpha-element evolution from [Fe/H]=-2.5 continuously to [Fe/H]=-0. Read More

Theoretical $\Lambda$CDM cosmological models predict a much larger number of low mass dark matter haloes than has been observed in the Local Group of galaxies. One possible explanation is the increased difficulty of detecting these haloes if most of the visible matter is lost at early evolutionary phases through galactic winds. In this work we study the current models of triggering galactic winds in dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSph) from supernovae, and study, based on 3D hydrodynamic numerical simulations, the correlation of the mass loss rates and important physical parameters as the dark matter halo mass and its radial profile, and the star formation rate. Read More

NGC 185 is a dwarf spheroidal satellite of the Andromeda galaxy. From mid-1990s onwards it was revealed that dwarf spheroidals often display a varied and in some cases complex star formation history. In an optical survey of bright nearby galaxies, NGC 185 was classified as a Seyfert galaxy based on its emission line ratios. Read More

We present metallicity distribution functions (MDFs) for the central regions of eight dwarf satellite galaxies of the Milky Way: Fornax, Leo I and II, Sculptor, Sextans, Draco, Canes Venatici I, and Ursa Minor. We use the published catalog of abundance measurements from the previous paper in this series. The measurements are based on spectral synthesis of iron absorption lines. Read More

Dwarf irregular galaxies are relatively simple unevolved objects where it is easy to test models of galactic chemical evolution. We attempt to determine the star formation and gas accretion history of IC10, a local dwarf irregular for which abundance, gas, and mass determinations are available. We apply detailed chemical evolution models to predict the evolution of several chemical elements (He, O, N, S) and compared our predictions with the observational data. Read More

2008Feb
Affiliations: 1Nucleo de Astrofisica Teorica-UNICSUL, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy, 3Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

We study the nucleosynthesis of several neutron capture elements (barium, europium, lanthanum, and yttrium) in local group dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies and in the Milky Way by comparing the evolution of [Ba/Fe], [Eu/Fe], [La/Fe], [Y/Fe], [Ba/Y], [Ba/Eu], [Y/Eu], and [La/Eu] observed in dSph galaxies and in our Galaxy with predictions of detailed chemical evolution models. The models for all dSph galaxies and for the Milky Way are able to reproduce several observational features of these galaxies, such as a series of abundance ratios and the stellar metallicities distributions. The Milky Way model adopts the two-infall scenario, whereas the most important features of the models for the dSph galaxies are the low star-formation rate and the occurrence of intense galactic winds. Read More

2007Apr
Affiliations: 1Nucleo de Astrofisica Teorica-UNICSUL, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

To study the effects of galactic winds on the stellar metallicity distributions and on the evolution of Draco and Ursa Minor dwarf spheroidal galaxies, we compared the predictions of several chemical evolution models, adopting different prescriptions for the galactic winds, with the photometrically-derived stellar metallicity distributions of both galaxies. The chemical evolution models for Draco and Ursa Minor, which are able to reproduce several observational features of these two galaxies, such as the several abundance ratios, take up-to-date nucleosynthesis into account for intermediate-mass stars and supernovae of both types, as well as the effect of these objects on the energetics of the systems. For both galaxies, the model that best fits the data contains an intense continuous galactic wind, occurring at a rate proportional to the star formation rate. Read More

2006Mar
Affiliations: 1IAG-USP, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, 3Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste
Category: Astrophysics

In order to verify the effects of the most recent data on the evolution of Carina and Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies (dSph) and to set tight constraints on the main parameters of chemical evolution models, we study in detail the chemical evolution of these galaxies through comparisons between the new data and the predictions of a model, already tested to reproduce the main observational constraints in dSphs. Several abundance ratios, such as [$\alpha$/Fe], [Ba/Fe] and [Eu/Fe], and the metallicity distribution of stars are compared to the predictions of our models adopting the observationally derived star formation histories in these galaxies. These new comparisons confirm our previously suggested scenario for the evolution of these galaxies, and allow us to better fix the star formation and wind parameters. Read More

2005Oct
Affiliations: 1IAG-USP, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy, 3Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

By means of a detailed chemical evolution model, we follow the evolution of barium and europium in four Local Group Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies, in order to set constraints on the nucleosynthesis of these elements and on the evolution of this type of galaxies compared with the Milky Way. The model, which is able to reproduce several observed abundance ratios and the present day total mass and gas mass content of these galaxies, adopts up to date nucleosynthesis and takes into account the role played by supernovae of different types (II, Ia) allowing us to follow in detail the evolution of several chemical elements (H, D, He, C, N, O, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe, Ba and Eu). By assuming that barium is a neutron capture element produced in low mass AGB stars by s-process but also in massive stars (in the mass range 10 - 30 $M_{\odot}$) by r-process, during the explosive event of supernovae of type II, and that europium is a pure r-process element synthesized in massive stars also in the range of masses 10 - 30 $M_{\odot}$, we are able to reproduce the observed [Ba/Fe] and [Eu/Fe] as functions of [Fe/H] in all four galaxies studied. Read More

2004Mar
Affiliations: 1IAG-USP, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia-Universita di Trieste, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

We predict the metallicity distribution of stars and the age-metallicity relation for 6 Dwarf Spheroidal (dSph) galaxies of the Local Group by means of a chemical evolution model which is able to reproduce several observed abundance ratios and the present day total mass and gas content of these galaxies. The model adopts up to date nucleosynthesis and takes into account the role played by supernovae of different types (II, Ia) allowing us to follow in detail the evolution of several chemical elements (H, D, He, C, N, O, Mg, Si, S, Ca, and Fe). Each galaxy model is specified by the prescriptions of the star formation rate and by the galactic wind efficiency chosen to reproduce the main features of these galaxies. Read More

2003Jun
Affiliations: 1IAG - USP, Brazil, 2Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita' di Trieste, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

We studied the chemical evolution of Dwarf Spheroidal (dSph) and Blue Compact Galaxies (BCGs) by means of comparison between the predictions of chemical evolution models and several observed abundance ratios. Detailed models with up to date nucleosynthesis taking into account the role played by supernovae of different types (II, Ia) were developed for both types of galaxies allowing us to follow the evolution of several chemical elements. The models are specified by the prescriptions of the star formation (SF) and galactic wind efficiencies chosen to reproduce the main features of these galaxies. Read More

The evolution of the metallicity of damped Lyman alpha systems (DLAs) is investigated in order to understand the nature of these systems. The observational data on chemical abundances of DLAs are analysed with robust statistical methods, and the abundances are corrected for dust depletion. The results of this analysis are compared to predictions of several classes of chemical evolution models: one-zone dwarf galaxy models, multizone disk models, and chemodynamical models representing dwarf galaxies. Read More

2001Jul

We investigate the evolutionary history of the Universe's metal content focusing on the chemical abundance of several elements (N, O, S, Si, Fe, Cr, Zn) taken from observational data and predictions from chemical evolution models. The estimated abundances were observed in Damped Lyman alpha Systems (DLAs) over a wide range of redshift (z ~ 0.5-4. Read More