Gungwon Kang - Inje University

Gungwon Kang
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Gungwon Kang
Inje University

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High Energy Physics - Theory (28)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (24)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)

Publications Authored By Gungwon Kang

The gravitational radiation capture between unequal mass black holes without spins has been investigated with numerical relativistic simulations, and the results are compared with the Post-Newtonian (PN) approximations. We adopt the parabolic approximation which assumes that the gravitational wave radiation from a weakly hyperbolic orbit is the same as that from the parabolic orbit having the same pericenter distance. Using the radiated energies from the parabolic orbit simulations, we have obtained the impact parameters ($b$) of the gravitational radiation captures for weakly hyperbolic orbits as a function of initial energy. Read More

We investigate how an equation of state for matter is affected when a gravity is present. For this purpose, we consider a box of ideal gas in the presence of Newtonian gravity. In addition to the ordinary thermodynamic quantities, a characteristic variable that represents a weight per unit area relative to the average pressure is required in order to describe a macroscopic state of the gas. Read More

We investigate string or branelike solutions for four-dimensional vacuum Einstein equations in the presence of cosmological constant. For the case of negative cosmological constant, the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black string is the only warped stringlike solution. The general solutions for nonwarped branelike configurations are found and they are characterized by the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner mass density and two tensions. Read More

For the five-dimensional spacetimes whose four-dimensional sections are static, spherically symmetric ($SO(3)$) and flat asymptotically, we study the behavior of Arnowitt-Deser-Misner mass, tension and momentum densities characterizing such asymptotically hypercylindrical metrics under boosts along the cylindrical axis. For such stringlike metrics two boost-invariant quantities are found, which are a sort of "string rest mass-squared" and the sum of mass and tension densities. Analogous to the case of a moving point particle, we show that the asymptotically hypercylindrical geometries can be classified into three types depending on the value of the "string rest mass-squared", namely, "ordinary string", "null string" and "tachyonlike string" geometries. Read More

We investigate string-like solutions in four dimensions based on Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity. For a restricted class of solutions where the Cotton tensor vanishes, we find that the string-like solutions in Einstein gravity including the BTZ black strings are solutions in Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity as well. The geometry is warped in the same way as in Einstein gravity, but the "conformal" lapse function is not constrained in Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity. Read More

We investigate the geometrical properties of static vacuum $p$-brane solutions of Einstein gravity in $D=n+p+3$ dimensions, which have spherical symmetry of $S^{n+1}$ orthogonal to the $p$-directions and are invariant under the translation along them. % The solutions are characterized by mass density and $p$ tension densities. % The causal structure of the higher dimensional solutions is essentially the same as that of the five dimensional ones. Read More

We investigate geometrical properties of 5D cylindrical vacuum solutions with a transverse spherical symmetry. The metric is uniform along the fifth direction and characterized by tension and mass densities. The solutions are classified by the tension-to-mass ratio. Read More

We have reinvestigated the collision of gluonic bubbles in a SU(2) model of QCD which was studied by Johnson, Choi and Kisslinger in the context of the instanton-inspired model of QCD phase transition bubbles with plane wave approximation. We discuss treacherous points of the instanton-inspired model that cause the violation of causality due to the presence of imaginary gluon fields. By constructing a new slightly modified Lorentzian model where we have three independent real gluon fields, we reanalyzed the process of bubble collisions. Read More

Recently, it was suggested that the system of smeared black branes might provide a counter example to the Gubser-Mitra conjecture. Concerning to this issue, we have investigated the s-wave perturbation analysis to see how the stability of such system behaves. Some partial results are reported in this meeting. Read More

Classical stability behaviors of various static black brane backgrounds under small perturbations have been summarized briefly. They include cases of black strings in AdS$_5$ space, charged black $p$-brane solutions in the type II supergravity, and the BTZ black string in four-dimensions. The relationship between dynamical stability and local thermodynamic stability - the so-called Gubser-Mitra conjecture - has also been checked for those cases. Read More

Recently, Carlip proposed a derivation of the entropy of the two-dimensional dilatonic black hole by investigating the Virasoro algebra associated with a newly introduced near-horizon conformal symmetry. We point out not only that the algebra of these conformal transformations is not well defined on the horizon, but also that the correct use of the eigenvalue of the operator $L_0$ yields vanishing entropy. It has been shown that these problems can be resolved by choosing a different basis of the conformal transformations which is regular even at the horizon. Read More

We have investigated the classical stability of charged black $D3$-branes in type IIB supergravity under small perturbations. For s-wave perturbations it turns out that black $D3$-branes are unstable when they have small charge density. As the charge density increases for given mass density, however, the instability decreases down to zero at a certain finite value of the charge density, and then black $D3$-branes become stable all the way down to the extremal point. Read More

We have investigated the classical stability of magnetically charged black $p$-brane solutions for string theories that include the case studied by Gregory and Laflamme. It turns out that the stability behaves very differently depending on a coupling parameter between dilaton and gauge fields. In the case of Gregory and Laflamme, it has been known that the black brane instability decreases monotonically as the charge of black branes increases and finally disappears at the extremal point. Read More

Some issues on the stability of black string or brane solutions are summarized briefly. The stability of dS/AdS-Schwarzschild black strings has been investigated. Interestingly, the AdS-Schwarzschild black strings turn out to be stable as the horizon size becomes larger than the AdS scale. Read More

In the five-dimensional Einstein gravity with negative cosmological constant in the presence/absence of a {\it non-fine-tuned} 3-brane, we have investigated the classical stability of black string solutions which are foliations of four-dimensional $AdS/dS$-Schwarzschild black holes. Such black strings are generically unstable as in the well-known Gregory-Laflamme instability. For $AdS$ black strings, however, it turns out that they become stable if the longitudinal size of horizon is larger than the order of the $AdS_4$ radius. Read More

Affiliations: 1Inje Univ., 2Inje Univ., 3Inje Univ., 4KEK

We study the holographic principle in the brane cosmology. Especially we describe how to accommodate the 5D anti de Sitter Schwarzschild (AdSS$_5$) black hole in the Binetruy-Deffayet-Langlois (BDL) approach of brane cosmology. It is easy to make a connection between a mass $M$ of the AdSS$_5$ black hole and a conformal field theory (CFT)-radiation dominated universe on the brane in the moving domain wall approach. Read More

We discuss the role of the trace part of metric fluctuations $h_{MN}$ in the Randall-Sundrum scenario of gravity. Without the matter, this field ($h=\eta^{MN}h_{MN}$) is a gauge-dependent term, and thus it can be gauged away. But, including the uniform source $\tilde{T}_{MN}$, this field satisfies the linearized equation $\Box_4 h =16\pi G_5 T^{\mu}_{\mu}$. Read More

Affiliations: 1Inje University, 2Inje University, 3Inje University

We discuss the Randall-Sundrum (RS) choice for $h_{MN}$ in the brane-world. We begin with the de Donder gauge (transverse-tracefree) including scalar($h_{55}$), vector($h_{5\mu}$) and tensor($h_{\mu\nu}$) in five dimensions for comparison. One finds that $h_{55}=0$ and $h_{5\mu}=0$. Read More

Recently, Ivanov and Volovich (hep-th/9912242) claimed that the perturbation of $h_{\mu\nu}$ with nonvanishing transverse components $h_{5\mu}$ is not localized on the brane because $h_{\mu\nu}$ depends on the fifth coordinate $z$ linearly. Consequently, it may indicate that the effective theory is unstable. However, we point out that such linear dependence on $z$ can be {\it gauged away}. Read More

Affiliations: 1Inje University, 2Inje University, 3Inje University

On the supergravity side, we study the propagation of the RR scalar and the dilaton in the D3-branes with NS $B$-field. To obtain the noncommutative effect, we consider the case of $B\to \infty(\theta \to\pi/2)$. We approximate this as the smeared D1-brane background with $F_5=H=0$. Read More

Affiliations: 1Inje University, 2Inje University, 3Inje University

We calculate the effect of noncommutative spacetime on the greybody factor on the supergravity side. For this purpose we introduce a system of D3-branes with a constant NS $B$-field along their world volume directions ($x_2, x_3$). Considering the propagation of minimally coupled scalar with non-zero momentum along($x_2, x_3$), we derive an exact form of the greybody factor in $B$ field. Read More

We have considered the divergence structure in the brick-wall model for the statistical mechanical entropy of a quantum field in thermal equilibrium with a black hole which {\it rotates}. Especially, the contribution to entropy from superradiant modes is carefully incorporated, leading to a result for this contribution which corrects some previous errors in the literature. It turns out that the previous errors were due to an incorrect quantization of the superradiant modes. Read More

We have shown that, as in the case of black holes, an ergosphere itself with no event horizon inside can evaporate spontaneously, giving energy radiation to spatial infinity until the ergoregion disappears. However, the feature of his quantum ergoregion instability is very much different from black hole radiation. It is rather analogous to a laser amplification. Read More

It has been known classically that a star with an ergoregion but no event horizon is unstable to the emission of scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational waves. This classical ergoregion instability is characterized by complex frequency modes. We show how to canonically quantize a neutral scalar field in the presence of such unstable modes by considering a simple model for a rapidly rotating star. Read More

We have shown that the dynamics of the scalar field $\phi (x)= ``G^{-1}(x)"$ in Brans-Dicke theories of gravity makes the surface area of the black hole horizon {\it oscillatory} during its dynamical evolution. It explicitly explains why the area theorem does not hold in Brans-Dicke theory. However, we show that there exists a certain non-decreasing quantity defined on the event horizon which is proportional to the black hole entropy for the case of stationary solutions in Brans-Dicke theory. Read More

Complex frequency modes occur for a scalar field near a rapidly rotating star {\it with ergoregion but no event horizon}. Such complex frequency modes must be included in the quantization of the field. As a model for this system, we have investigated a real scalar field with mass $\mu $ in a one-dimensional square-well potential. Read More

We examine the Zeroth Law and the Second Law of black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher curvature interactions. We show that entropy can never decrease for quasi-stationary processes in which a black hole accretes positive energy matter, independent of the details of the gravitational action. Within a class of higher curvature theories where the Lagrangian consists of a polynomial in the Ricci scalar, we use a conformally equivalent theory to establish that stationary black hole solutions with a Killing horizon satisfy the Zeroth Law, and that the Second Law holds in general for any dynamical process. Read More

We discuss some recent results on black hole thermodynamics within the context of effective gravitational actions including higher-curvature interactions. Wald's derivation of the First Law demonstrates that black hole entropy can always be expressed as a local geometric density integrated over a space-like cross-section of the horizon. In certain cases, it can also be shown that these entropy expressions satisfy a Second Law. Read More

Two techniques for computing black hole entropy in generally covariant gravity theories including arbitrary higher derivative interactions are studied. The techniques are Wald's Noether charge approach introduced recently, and a field redefinition method developed in this paper. Wald's results are extended by establishing that his local geometric expression for the black hole entropy gives the same result when evaluated on an arbitrary cross-section of a Killing horizon (rather than just the bifurcation surface). Read More

It is shown that the surface gravity and temperature of a stationary black hole are invariant under conformal transformations of the metric that are the identity at infinity. More precisely, we find a conformal invariant definition of the surface gravity of a conformal Killing horizon that agrees with the usual definition(s) for a true Killing horizon and is proportional to the temperature as defined by Hawking radiation. This result is reconciled with the intimate relation between the trace anomaly and the Hawking effect, despite the {\it non}invariance of the trace anomaly under conformal transformations. Read More