Gulab C. Dewangan - IUCAA

Gulab C. Dewangan
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Gulab C. Dewangan

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (21)
Astrophysics (8)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (5)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Gulab C. Dewangan

We present results from a detailed spectral-timing analysis of a long ($\sim486$\ks{}, consisting of four observations each with $\sim120$\ks{}) \xmm{} observation of the bare Seyfert~1 galaxy Ark~120 which showed diminution and increment in 0.3$-$10\keV{} X-ray flux alternatively during 2014 March. We study the energy dependent variability of Ark~120 through broadband X-ray spectroscopy, fractional root mean square (rms) spectral modelling, hardness$-$intensity diagram and flux$-$flux analysis. Read More

We present results from a detailed analysis of our 2016 \xmm{} observation of the narrow-line Seyfert~1 galaxy PG~1404+226 which showed a large-amplitude, rapid X-ray variability by a factor of $\sim8$ in $\sim11$\ks{}. We use this variability event to investigate the origin of the soft X-ray excess emission and the connection between the disk, hot corona and the soft excess emitting region through UV/X-ray cross-correlation, time-resolved spectroscopy and root mean square (rms) spectral modelling. The weakly variable UV emission ($F_{\rm var,UV}$=3. Read More

We study multi-wavelength variability of a bare Seyfert 1 galaxy Fairall~9 using \swift{} monitoring observations consisting of $165$ usable pointings spanning nearly two years and covering six UV/optical bands and X-rays. Fairall~9 is highly variable in all bands though the variability amplitude decreases from X-ray to optical bands. The variations in the X-ray and UV/optical bands are strongly correlated. Read More

The unification scheme of active galactic nuclei (AGN) proposes the presence of a dusty torus around the central source, governing the differences between AGN spectral properties. A fraction of the AGN luminosity is absorbed by the dusty torus and is re-radiated in the infrared (IR) band. Thus the fraction of the sky covered by the torus as seen from the central source, known as the covering factor f_c, can be obtained from the ratio of the IR to the bolometric luminosities of the source. Read More

Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride Imager (CZTI) is one of the five payloads on-board recently launched Indian astronomy satellite AstroSat. CZTI is primarily designed for simultaneous hard X-ray imaging and spectroscopy of celestial X-ray sources. It employs the technique of coded mask imaging for measuring spectra in the energy range of 20 - 150 keV. Read More

We performed time resolved spectroscopy of 1H0707-495 and IRAS 13224-3809 using long XMM-Newton observations. These are strongly variable narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies and show broad features around 1 keV that has been interpreted as relativistically broad Fe L$\alpha$ lines. Such features are not clearly observed in other AGN despite sometimes having high iron abundance required by the best fitted blurred reflection models. Read More

Broad relativistic iron lines from neutron star X-ray binaries are important probes of the inner accretion disk. The X-ray reflection features can be weakened due to strong magnetic fields or very low iron abundances such as is possible in X-ray binaries with low mass, first generation stars as companions. Here we investigate the reality of the broad iron line detected earlier from the neutron star low mass X-ray binary 4U~1820--30 with a degenerate helium dwarf companion. Read More

We analyze two simultaneous \nustar{} and \swift{} data of the Atoll type neutron star (NS) X-ray binary 4U~1728--34 observed on 1 and 3 October, 2013. Based on power density spectra, hardness ratio and colour-colour diagram, we infer that the first and second observations belong to the island state and lower banana state, respectively. During island state, a low-frequency quasi-periodic oscillation (LFQPO) at $\sim4. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Kerala, India, 2Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Pune, India, 3Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Pune, India, 4Physics Department, Bishops University, QC, Canada, 5Department of Physics, St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry, Kerala, India, 6Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Pune, India

We analyse eight XMM-Newton observations of the bright Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy Arakelian 564 (Ark 564). These observations, separated by ~6 days, allow us to look for correlations between the simultaneous UV emission (from the Optical Monitor) with not only the X-ray flux but also with the different X-ray spectral parameters. The X-ray spectra from all the observations are found to be adequately fitted by a double Comptonization model where the soft excess and the hard X-ray power law are represented by thermal Comptonization in a low temperature plasma and hot corona, respectively. Read More

This paper is a sequel to the extensive study of warm absorber (WA) in X-rays carried out using high resolution grating spectral data from XMM-Newton satellite (WAX-I). Here we discuss the global dynamical properties as well as the energetics of the WA components detected in the WAX sample. The slope of WA density profile ($n\propto r^{-\alpha}$) estimated from the linear regression slope of ionization parameter $\xi$ and column density $N_H$ in the WAX sample is $\alpha=1. Read More

We study X-ray and UV emission from the narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy II~Zw~177 using a $137\ks$ long and another $13\ks$ short \xmm{} observation performed in 2012 and 2001, respectively. Both observations show soft X-ray excess emission contributing $76.9\pm4. Read More

We present results from ${\it NuSTAR}$ and ${\it SWIFT}$/XRT joint spectral analysis of V4641 Sgr during a disk dominated or soft state as well as a powerlaw dominated or hard state. The soft state spectrum is well modeled by a relativistically blurred disk emission, a powerlaw, a broad Iron line, two narrow emission lines and two edges. The Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation technique and the relativistic effects seen in the disk and broad Iron line allow us to self-consistently constrain the inner disk radius, disk inclination angle and distance to the source at 2. Read More

We present spectral and energy dependent timing characteristics of the hard X-ray transient IGR J17497-2821 based on XMM-Newton observations performed five and nine days after its outburst on 2006 September 17. We find that the source spectra can be well described by a hard (Gamma ~ 1.50) powerlaw and a weak multicolour disk blackbody with inner disk temperature kT_{in} ~ 0. Read More

We present results from a pulse phase resolved spectroscopy of the complex emission lines around 1 keV in the unique accretion powered X-ray pulsar 4U 1626-67 using observation made with the XMM-Newton in 2003. In this source, the red and blue shifted emission lines and the line widths measured earlier with Chandra suggest their accretion disk origin. Another possible signature of lines produced in accretion disk can be a modulation of the line strength with pulse phase. Read More

We present results from a homogeneous analysis of the broadband 0.3-10 keV CCD resolution as well as of soft X-ray high-resolution grating spectra of a hard X-ray flux-limited sample of 26 Seyfert galaxies observed with XMM-Newton. Our goal is to characterise the warm absorber (WA) properties along the line-of-sight to the active nucleus. Read More

We present medium and high resolution X-ray spectral study of a Seyfert 1 galaxy ESO~198--G24 using a long (122 ks) XMM-Newton observation performed in February 2006. The source has a prominent featureless soft X-ray excess below $2\kev$. This makes the source well suited to investigate the origin of the soft excess. Read More

The UV to X-ray continuum of active galactic nuclei (AGN) is important for maintaining the ionisation and thermal balance of the warm absorbers (WAs). However, the spectra in the sensitive energy range $\sim \,13.6 -300 \ev$ are unobservable due to Galactic extinction. Read More

We present detailed broadband X-ray spectral variability of a Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H~0419--577 based on an archival \suzaku{} observation in July 2007, a new \suzaku{} observation performed in January 2010 and the two latest \xmm{} observations from May 2010. All the observations show soft X-ray excess emission below $2\kev$ and both \suzaku{} observations show a hard X-ray excess emission above $10\kev$ when compared to a power-law. We have tested three physical models -- a complex partial covering absorption model, a blurred reflection model and an intrinsic disk Comptonization model. Read More

Chandra observations of 17 nearby galaxies were analysed and 166 bright sources with X-ray counts > 100, were chosen for temporal analysis. Fractional root mean square variability amplitudes were estimated for lightcurves binned at ~ 4 ksec and of length ~ 40 ksec. While there are nine ultra-luminous X-ray sources (ULXs) with unabsorbed luminosity (in 0. Read More

We present a detailed analysis of a highly ionized, multiphased and collimated outflowing gas detected through O V, O VI, Ne VIII and Mg X absorption associated with the QSO HE 0238 - 1904 (z_em ~ 0.629). Based on the similarities in the absorption line profiles and estimated covering fractions, we find that the O VI and Ne VIII absorption trace the same phase of the absorbing gas. Read More

Temporal analysis of X-ray binaries and Active Galactic Nuclei have shown that hard X-rays react to variation of soft ones after a time delay. The opposite trend, or soft lag, has only been seen in a few rare Quasi-periodic Oscillations in X-ray binaries and recently for the AGN, 1H 0707-495, on short timescales of ~ 10^3 secs. Here, we report analysis of a XMM-Newton observation of Mrk~1040, which reveals that on the dominant variability timescale of ~ 10^4 secs, the source seems to exhibit soft lags. Read More

We present a detailed study of the ionised environment of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 704 using medium and high resolution X-ray spectra obtained with a long XMM-Newton observation. The 0.3-10 kev continuum, well described by a power-law (Gamma ~ 1. Read More

Temporal analysis of radiation from Astrophysical sources like Active Galactic Nuclei, X-ray Binaries and Gamma-ray bursts provide information on the geometry and sizes of the emitting regions. Establishing that two light-curves in different energy bands are correlated and measuring the phase and time-lag between them is an important and frequently used temporal diagnostic. In the present work, expressions to estimate the errors on the cross-correlation, phase and time-lag between two light-curves are presented and the same have been verified using simulations. Read More

Affiliations: 1Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 2Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 3Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 4Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 5Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 6Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 7Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 8Department of Physics, Hiroshima University
Category: Astrophysics

This paper reports the discovery of a bright X-ray transient source, Suzaku J1305-4913, in the south-west arm of the nearby Seyfert II galaxy NGC 4945. It was detected at a 0.5 -- 10 keV flux of $2. Read More

Suzaku observed a nearby Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC4945, which hosts one of the brightest active galactic nuclei above 20 keV. Combining data from the X-ray CCD camera (XIS) and the Hard X-ray Detector (HXD), the AGN intrinsic nuclear emission and its reprocessed signals were observed simultaneously. The intrinsic emission is highly obscured with an absorbing column of $\sim 5 \times 10^{24}$ cm$^{-2}$, and was detectable only above $\sim 10$ keV. Read More

We report early photospheric-phase observations of the Type IIP Supernova (SN) 2005cs obtained by Swift's Ultraviolet-Optical and X-Ray Telescopes. Observations started within two days of discovery and continued regularly for three weeks. During this time the V-band magnitude remained essentially constant, while the UV was initially bright but steadily faded until below the brightness of an underlying UV-bright HII region. Read More

Affiliations: 1NASA/GSFC, 2Ehime Univ, 3CMU, 4IoA, Cambridge, 5Hiroshima Univ, 6MPE, 7CMU, 8ISAS/JAXA, 9ISAS/JAXA, 10NASA/GSFC, 11IoA, Cambridge, 12Hiroshima Univ, 13NASA/GSFC, 14NASA/GSFC, 15NASA/GSFC, 16ISAS/JAXA, 17Ehime Univ, 18ISAS/JAXA, 19ISAS/JAXA, 20Hiroshima Univ, 21Univ of Miyazaki, 22NASA/GSFC
Category: Astrophysics

We report on a 100 ks Suzaku observation of the bright, nearby (z=0.008486) Seyfert 1.9 galaxy MCG -5-23-16. Read More

Affiliations: 1Carnegie Mellon Univ., 2George Mason Univ. & NRL, 3Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Category: Astrophysics

We report the first clear evidence for the simultaneous presence of a low frequency break and a QPO in the fluctuation power spectrum of a well known ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) in M82 using long XMM-Newton observations. The break occurs at a frequency of 34.2_{-3}^{+6}mHz. Read More

(Abridged) We present results based on XMM-Newton observation of the nearby spiral galaxy M51 (NGC5194 and NGC5195). Two ULXs in NGC5194 show evidence for short-term variability, and all but two ULXs vary on long time scales (over a baseline of 2.5 years), providing strong evidence that these are accreting sources. Read More

We present three XMM-Newton observations of the ultra-luminous compact X-ray source Holmberg II X-1 in its historical brightest and faintest states. The source was in its brightest state in April 2002 with an isotropic X-ray luminosity of 2e40 erg/s but changed to a peculiar low/soft state in September 2002 in which the X-ray flux dropped by a factor of four and the spectrum softened. In all cases, a soft excess component, which can be described by a simple or multicolor disk blackbody (MCD; kT = 120-170 eV), is statistically required in addition to a power-law continuum (Gamma = 2. Read More

A significant correlation between FeKalpha line energy and X-ray spectral slope has been discovered among radio-quiet active galactic nuclei. The ionization stage of the bulk of the FeKalpha emitting material is not the same in all active galactic nuclei and is related to the shape of the X-ray continua. Active galactic nuclei with a steep X-ray spectrum tend to have a fluorescence FeKalpha line from highly ionized material. Read More