German Valencia - Iowa State University

German Valencia
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German Valencia
Iowa State University
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (33)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (15)
Nuclear Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By German Valencia

We extract constraints on the parameter space of the MW model by comparing the cross-sections for dijet, top-pair, dijet-pair, $t\bar t t \bar t$ and $b\bar b b \bar b$ productions at the LHC with the strongest available experimental limits from ATLAS or CMS at 8 or 13 TeV. Overall we find that masses below 1~TeV have not been excluded for color octet scalars as it is often claimed in the literature. The constraints that can be placed on coupling constants are typically weaker than those from existing theoretical considerations, with the exception of the parameter $\eta_D$. Read More

We have recently studied theoretical constraints on the parameters of a 2HDM augmented with a color-octet scalar. In this paper we consider the consequences of requiring the model to remain valid up to very high energy scales, such as the GUT scale. The acceptable region of parameter space is reduced when one insists on vacuum stability, perturbative unitarity and the absence of Landau poles below a given scale. Read More

We compute the one-loop contributions from a color octet scalar to the tensor anomalous couplings of top and bottom quarks to gluons, photons and W bosons. We use known constraints on the parameters of the model to compare the predicted size of these couplings with existing phenomenological constraints. Read More

In this talk we consider some aspects of the Manohar-Wise extension of the SM with a colour-octet electroweak-doublet scalar applied to 2HDM. We present theoretical constraints on the parameters of this extension to both the SM and the 2HDM and discuss related phenomenology at LHC. Read More

The LHC is now studying in detail the couplings of the Higgs boson in order to determine if there is new physics. Many recent studies have examined the available fits to Higgs couplings from the perspective of constraining two Higgs doublet models (2HDM). In this paper we extend those studies to include constraints on the one loop couplings of the Higgs to gluons and photons. Read More

The Higgs boson discovered at the LHC opened a new chapter for particle physics. Its properties need to be studied in detail to distinguish a purely standard model (SM) Higgs boson from one of many scalars in an enlarged Higgs sector. The CMS collaboration has reported a possible lepton flavor violating (LFV) signal $h\to\mu\tau$, which if confirmed, implies that the Higgs sector is larger than in the SM. Read More

The CMS collaboration has reported a possible lepton flavour violating (LFV) signal $h\to\mu\tau$. Whereas this does not happen in the standard model (SM), we point out that new physics responsible for this type of decay would, in general, also produce charge-parity (CP) violation in $h\to \tau\tau$. We estimate the size of this effect in a model independent manner and find that a large asymmetry, of order 25\%, is allowed by current constraints. Read More

We study the implications of flavour-changing neutral currents (FCNC's) in a model with the $SU(2)_l\times SU(2)_h\times U(1)_Y$ electroweak gauge symmetry for several anomalies appearing in $b\to s \ell\bar \ell$ induced $B$ decays in LHCb data. In this model, $SU(2)_l$ and $SU(2)_h$ govern the left-handed fermions in the first two generations and the third generation, respectively. The physical $Z$ and $Z'$ generate the $b\to s$ transition at tree level, leading to additional contributions to the $b \to s$ semileptonic operators ${\cal O}_{9,10}$. Read More

There exist several recent studies of the top-quark CEDM in the context of searching for CP violating signals in top-quark pair production at the LHC. Most of these studies constrain the CEDM either from deviations in the top-pair cross section from its standard model value, or from T-odd asymmetries in the dimuon channel. Motivated by ATLAS and CMS interest, we extend the study of T-odd asymmetries to the lepton plus jets channel. Read More

We use spin correlations to constrain anomalous $\tau$-lepton couplings at the LHC including its anomalous magnetic moment, electric dipole moment and weak dipole moments. Single spin correlations are ideal to probe interference terms between the SM and new dipole-type couplings as they are not suppressed by the $\tau$-lepton mass. Double spin asymmetries give rise to $T$-odd correlations useful to probe $CP$ violation purely within the new physics amplitudes, as their appearance from interference with the SM is suppressed by $m_\tau$. Read More

Certain anomalous fermion-gauge boson couplings, such as the flavor diagonal anomalous color magnetic (CMDM) and color electric (CEDM) dipole moments of quarks are not fully gauge invariant under the SM. Restoring gauge invariance with an elementary Higgs doublet implies that they also contribute to Higgs boson production at the LHC and we study the corresponding constraints that can be placed on them. In a similar manner we study the constraints that can be placed on the $\tau$-lepton anomalous magnetic moment, electric dipole moment, weak dipole moments, and dimension eight gluonic couplings at the LHC. Read More

We consider new physics contributions to the top-quark forward-backward asymmetry from a neutral $V^0_8$ or charged $V^+_8$ color-octet vector exchanged in the $t$-channel. We study the phenomenological constraints on these particles arising from the Tevatron and LHC7 measurements and compare them with those on their color singlet counterparts $Z^\prime$ and $W^\prime$. We find that the color octets fare better than the singlets in that they generate a lower $A_C$, a lower high-invariant mass cross-section at LHC7 and a lower same sign top-pair cross-section. Read More

We study the constraints that can be placed on anomalous $\tau$-lepton couplings at the LHC. We use an effective Lagrangian description for physics beyond the standard model which contains the $\tau$-lepton anomalous magnetic moment, electric dipole moment and weak dipole moments in two operators of dimension six. We include in our study two additional operators of dimension eight that directly couple the $\tau$-leptons to gluons and are therefore enhanced at the LHC. Read More

After the discovery of a 126 GeV state at the LHC it is imperative to establish whether this particle really is the Higgs boson of the standard model. The early measurements have not yet pinpointed any of the Higgs couplings to fermions, the Yukawa couplings of the standard model. In this paper we study the values of the top-quark-Higgs coupling, $g_{ht\bar{t}}$, that are still allowed by the one-loop couplings of the Higgs to two gluons or two photons. Read More

Physics beyond the standard model (SM) can be parameterized with an effective Lagrangian that respects the symmetries of the standard model and contains many operators of dimension six. We consider the subset of these operators that is responsible for flavor diagonal anomalous color magnetic (CMDM) and electric (CEDM) dipole couplings between quarks and gluons. Invariance of these operators under the SM implies that they contribute to Higgs boson production at the LHC and we study the corresponding constraints that can be placed on them. Read More

The ATLAS and CMS collaborations have recently published new limits on CP conserving anomalous couplings from the $W\gamma$ and $Z\gamma$ production processes. We study the corresponding limits that can be placed on the CP violating anomalous couplings $\kappa_tilde_\gamma$ and $h^1_{\gamma, Z}$ at the LHC. We find that the process $pp --> W\gamma$ at 14 TeV can place the 95% CL limit $|\kappa_tilde_\gamma| <~ 0. Read More

The recent discovery of a 126 GeV boson at the LHC will be followed by a detailed examination of its couplings in order to determine whether this particle is the Higgs boson of the standard model or one of many particles of an extended scalar sector. One such extension with a rich phenomenology consists of a color octet electroweak doublet scalar. The most general renormalizable scalar potential contains twelve new parameters and it is therefore desirable to constrain them. Read More

We discuss new physics that can show up in the $\tau^+\tau^-$ production process at the LHC but not in the dimuon or the dielectron channels. We consider three different generic possibilities: a new resonance in the Drell-Yan process in the form of a non-universal $Z^\prime$; a new non-resonant contribution to $q\bar{q}\to \tau^+\tau^-$ in the form of leptoquarks; and contributions from gluon fusion due to effective lepton gluonic couplings. We emphasize the use of the charge asymmetry both to discover new physics and to distinguish between different possibilities Read More

As the LHC becomes a top-quark factory and enters the era of precision measurements it presents us with a unique opportunity to search for new sources of CP violation. I discuss T-odd triple product correlations and the special role they play in the search for CP violation in top physics. I motivate the searches by discussing two examples of new physics that induce these CP violating observables at the LHC. Read More

Recent measurements of semileptonic $B$-meson decays into $\tau$-leptons are somewhat higher than expected in the standard model. Although the deviations are less than 3$\sigma$, they suggest the possibility of new physics affecting primarily the $\tau$-lepton. In this paper we examine these results within the context of non-universal left-right models. Read More

In an effective Lagrangian description of physics beyond the standard model, gluonic couplings of leptons that respect the symmetries of the standard model occur in operators of dimension eight. Normally the effect of such operators is much suppressed in processes that occur at energies below the scale of new physics. For this reason usual studies of the effective Lagrangian are limited to the lowest dimension operators which is typically six. Read More

We consider the phenomenology of CP violation in a color-octet extended scalar sector for t\bar{t} production and decay at the LHC. In particular we study the effect of the two neutral color-octet scalars S_I and S_R that occur in the model. There are two new sources of CP violation: a phase in the couplings of S_{I,R} to top-quarks; and two phases in the quartic couplings of the scalar potential. Read More

It is expected that the LHC will soon discover the Higgs boson, or that failure to find it will severely constrain its production cross-section over a large mass range. Either one of these results spells trouble for a fourth generation that significantly enhances the Higgs production cross-section at LHC. In fact the LHC has already ruled out a SM Higgs mass in the range of 120 GeV to 600 GeV with a fourth generation at the 95% C. Read More

We consider the possibility of studying new physics that singles out the tau-lepton at the LHC. We concentrate on the tau-lepton charge asymmetry in tau+tau- pair production as a tool to probe this physics beyond the Standard Model. We consider two generic scenarios for the new physics. Read More

In this talk I review how to search for CP violation in top-quark pair production and decay using T-odd correlations. I discuss two examples which illustrate many of the relevant features: CP violation in a heavy neutral Higgs boson; and CP violating anomalous top-quark couplings. I present some numerical results for the LHC and some for the Tevatron. Read More

We study the consequences of the large dimuon asymmetry observed at D0. Physics beyond the standard model (SM) in $B_s-\bar B_s$ mixing is required to explain the data. We first present a detailed analysis for model independent constraints on physics beyond the SM, and then study the implications for theoretical models which modify the SM results in different ways, such as $Z'$ with FCNC and R-parity violating SUSY contributions. Read More

It is well known that a non-universal $Z^\prime$ induces tree-level FCNC which are severely constrained by experiment, most notably meson mixing. We point out that there is a class of models, with a down-quark mass matrix of the Georgi-Jarlskog form, in which the FCNC in the down-type quark sector vanish or are strongly suppressed. The largest FCNC in these models would occur in the $tc$ transition with a strength comparable to $V_{ts}$. Read More

The BaBar and Belle collaborations have recently reported evidence for $D^0-\bar D^0$ mixing. This measurement provides the first significant constraint on FCNC in the up-quark sector for non-universal $Z^\prime$ models. Attributing the observed $D-\bar D$ mixing to new physics, we comment on the resulting rare $D$ and $t$ decays. Read More

$B_s - \bar B_s$ mixing has been measured recently by D0 and CDF. The range predicted in the standard model is consistent with data. However, the standard model central values for $\Delta M_{B_s}$ and also $\Delta M_ {B_d}$ are away from the data which may be indications of new physics. Read More

The HyperCP collaboration has recently reported the observation of three events for the decay \Sigma^+ \to p mu^+ mu^- with an invariant mass m_{\mu^+\mu^-} for a muon and an anti-muon pair of \sim 214 MeV. They suggest that a new particle state X may be needed to explain the observed m_{\mu^+\mu^_} distribution. Motivated by this result, we study the properties of such a hypothetical particle. Read More

We study the signatures for new TeV resonances that couple to top or bottom quarks both at the Tevatron Run II and at the LHC. We find that it is possible to study these resonances when they are produced in association with a pair of heavy quarks or in association with a single top at the LHC. In particular, with an integrated luminosity of 300 fb$^{-1}$ at the LHC, it is possible to probe resonance masses up to around 2 TeV. Read More

The gluon dipole operator, $O_{11}$, has received much attention recently because it can have a large coefficient in some SUSY extensions of the standard model. We find that the commonly used matrix element of $O_{11}$ of Bertolini, Eeg and Fabbrichesi is in rough (but accidental) numerical agreement with an estimate based on dimensional analysis. Read More

The quark-level process $b \to s \gamma$ has been used extensively to place constraints on new interactions. These same interactions can be further constrained from the enhancement they induce in the quark-level $s \to d \gamma$ transition, to the extent that the short distance contributions can be separated from the long distance contributions. We parameterize what is known about the long distance amplitudes and subtract it from the data in radiative hyperon and kaon decays to constrain new interactions. Read More