# Gang Li - Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou, P.R. China

## Contact Details

NameGang Li |
||

AffiliationInstitute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou, P.R. China |
||

CityLanzhou |
||

CountryChina |
||

## Pubs By Year |
||

## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (16) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (11) High Energy Physics - Experiment (7) Quantum Physics (6) Physics - Materials Science (6) Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (5) Physics - Space Physics (4) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4) Physics - Superconductivity (2) Nuclear Experiment (1) Nuclear Theory (1) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1) Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1) Physics - Optics (1) Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1) Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1) Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1) Mathematics - Statistics (1) Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1) Statistics - Theory (1) |

## Publications Authored By Gang Li

Brain Computer Interface (BCI) can help patients of neuromuscular diseases restore parts of the movement and communication abilities that they have lost. Most of BCIs rely on mapping brain activities to device instructions, but limited number of brain activities decides the limited abilities of BCIs. To deal with the problem of limited ablility of BCI, this paper verified the feasibility of constructing BCI based on decoding imagined speech electroencephalography (EEG). Read More

In many industrial applications of big data, the Jaccard Similarity Computation has been widely used to measure the distance between two profiles or sets respectively owned by two users. Yet, one semi-honest user with unpredictable knowledge may also deduce the private or sensitive information (e.g. Read More

The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV. The CEPC will accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ in ten years' operation. Read More

Recently, the BESIII Collaboration reported two new decay processes $h_c(1P)\to \gamma \eta$ and $\gamma \eta^\prime$. Inspired by this measurement, we propose to study the radiative decays of $h_c$ via intermediate charmed meson loops in an effective Lagrangian approach. With the acceptable cutoff parameter range, the calculated branching ratios of $h_c(1P)\to \gamma \eta$ and $\gamma \eta^\prime$ are orders of $10^{-4}\sim 10^{-3}$ and $10^{-3} \sim 10^{-2}$, respectively. Read More

We show that the forward-backward asymmetry $(A_{FB})$ of the charged lepton in $gg\to H\to\gamma Z\to\gamma \ell^-\ell^+$ process could be used to probe the CP violating $H\gamma Z$ coupling when the interference of $gg\to\gamma Z\to\gamma \ell^-\ell^+$ process is included. In the presence of CP violation in $H\gamma Z$ coupling, the interference has a non-vanishing forward-backward asymmetry $(A_{FB})$, which is also sensitive to the strong phase differences. The resonant and non-resonant strong phases together make $A_{FB}$ change sign around Higgs mass $M_H$. Read More

We systematically studied the Zitterbewegung effect of fermions described by a Gaussian wave with broken spatial-inversion symmetry in a three-dimensional low-energy Weyl semimetal. From the results of the exception displacement of fermions near the Weyl points, we characterized the rectilinear motion and Zitterbewegung oscillation in terms of the width of the Gaussian wave packet, the position of the Weyl node, chirality, anisotropy and in the case of a cosine potential in the x-direction. Our calculations indicate that there is a robust relativistic oscillation modulated by the Weyl points and the cosine potential in Weyl semimetals; the direction of the motion may provide a method for distinguishing the chiral fermion, and these results may also provide an appropriate system to probe the Zitterbewegung effect experimentally. Read More

The cold-dense plasma is occasionally detected in the solar wind with in situ data, but the source of the cold-dense plasma remains illusive. Interchange reconnections (IRs) between closed fields and nearby open fields are well known to contribute to the formation of solar winds. We present a confined filament eruption associated with a puff-like coronal mass ejection (CME) on 2014 December 24. Read More

Topological states emerge at the boundary of solids as a consequence of the nontrivial topology of the bulk. Recently, theory predicts a topological edge state on single layer transition metal dichalcogenides with 1T' structure. However, its existence still lacks experimental proof. Read More

In a general decay chain $A\to B_1B_2\to C_1C_2\ldots$, we prove that the angular correlation function $I(\theta_1,\theta_2,\phi_+)$ in the decay of $B_{1,2}$ is irrelevant to the polarization of the mother particle $A$ at production. This guarantees that we can use these angular distributions to determine the spin-parity nature of $A$ without knowing its production details. As an example, we investigate the decay of a potential doubly-charged boson $H^{\pm\pm}$ going to same-sign $\tau$ lepton pair. Read More

A detailed theoretical formula derivation of cross sections of $e^+e^- \to e^+e^-$ and $e^+e^- \to \mu^+\mu^-$ around the $J/\psi$ resonance is reported. High-order corrections on vaccum polarization and initial state radiation are considered. Decompositions of the cross sections into continuous parts, resonance parts and the interference parts are particularly presented. Read More

AST3-1 is the second-generation wide-field optical photometric telescope dedicated to time domain astronomy at Dome A, Antarctica. Here we present the results of $i$ band images survey from AST3-1 towards one Galactic disk field. Based on time-series photometry of 92,583 stars, 560 variable stars were detected with $i$ magnitude $\leq$ 16. Read More

In this paper we show that for a Berger metric $\hat{g}$ on $S^3$, the non-positively curved conformally compact Einstein metric on the $4$-ball $B_1(0)$ with $(S^3, [\hat{g}])$ as its conformal infinity is unique up to isometries and it is the metric constructed by Pedersen \cite{Pedersen}. In particular, since in \cite{LiQingShi}, we proved that if the Yamabe constant of the conformal infinity $Y(S^3, [\hat{g}])$ is close to that of the round sphere then any conformally compact Einstein manifold filled in must be negatively curved and simply connected, therefore if $\hat{g}$ is a Berger metric on $S^3$ with $Y(S^3, [\hat{g}])$ close to that of the round metric, the conformally compact Einstein metric filled in is unique up to isometries. Read More

We present the next-to-leading order (NLO) electroweak (EW) corrections to the top quark pair production associated with a hard photon at the current and future hadron colliders. The dependence of the leading order (LO) and NLO EW corrected cross sections on the photon transverse momentum cut are investigated. We also provide the LO and NLO EW corrected distributions of the transverse momentum of final top quark and photon and the invariant mass of top quark pair and top-antitop-photon system. Read More

We consider effective Higgs boson couplings, including both the CP-even and CP-odd couplings, that affect Higgs boson pair production in this study. Through the partial wave analysis, we find that the process $gg\to hh$ is dominated by the $s$-wave component even at a 100~TeV $pp$-collider. Making use of the $s$-wave kinematics, we propose a cut efficiency function to mimic the collider simulation and obtain the potential of measuring Higgs effective couplings at the 14~TeV LHC with an integrated luminosity of $3000~{\rm fb}^{-1}$ and at a 100 TeV $pp$-collider. Read More

We propose a {\em model-independent} method to test CP-violation in the scalar sector through measuring the inclusive cross sections of $e^+e^-\rightarrow Zh_1,Zh_2,h_1h_2$ processes with the recoil mass technique, where $h_1, h_2$ stand for the 125 GeV standard model (SM) like Higgs boson and a new lighter scalar respectively. This method effectively measures a quantity $K$ proportional to the product of the three couplings of $h_1ZZ,h_2ZZ,h_1h_2Z$ vertices. The value of $K$ encodes a part of information about CP-violation in the scalar sector. Read More

Unsupervised evaluation of segmentation quality is a crucial step in image segmentation applications. Previous unsupervised evaluation methods usually lacked the adaptability to multi-scale segmentation. A scale-constrained evaluation method that evaluates segmentation quality according to the specified target scale is proposed in this paper. Read More

This paper studies prediction summary measures for a prediction function under a general setting in which the model is allowed to be misspecified and the prediction function is not required to be the conditional mean response. We show that the R2 measure based on a variance decomposition is insufficient to summarize the predictive power of a nonlinear prediction function. By deriving a prediction error decompo- sition, we introduce an additional measure, L2, to augment the R2 measure. Read More

It was shown [New J. Phys. 17, 103037 (2015)] that large and robust entanglement between two different mechanical resonators could be achieved, either dynamically or in the steady state, in an optomechanical system in which the two mechanical resonators are coupled to a single cavity mode driven by a suitably chosen two-tone field. Read More

SrRuO$_3$ heterostructures grown in the (111) direction are a rare example of thin film ferromagnets. By means of density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory we show that the half-metallic ferromagnetic state with an ordered magnetic moment of 2$\mu_{B}$/Ru survives the ultimate dimensional confinement down to a bilayer, even at elevated temperatures of 500$\,$K. In the minority channel, the spin-orbit coupling opens a gap at the linear band crossing corresponding to $\frac34$ filling of the $t_{2g}$ shell. Read More

In large SEP events, ions can be accelerated at CME-driven shocks to very high energies. Spectra of heavy ions in many large SEP events show features such as roll-overs or spectral breaks. In some events when the spectra are plotted in energy/nucleon they can be shifted relative to each other to make the spectral breaks align. Read More

In this paper, we present some generalized monogamy inequalities based on negativity and convex-roof extended negativity (CREN). The monogamy relations are satisfied by the negativity of $N-$qubit quantum systems $ABC_1\cdots C_{N-2},$ under the partition $AB$ and $C_1C_2\cdots C_{N-2}.$ This result can be generalized to the $N-$qubit pure states under the partition $ABC_1$ and $C_2\cdots C_{N-2}. Read More

We propose a proposal to generate scalable entanglement of remote material qubits via no-energy-exchange interactions with single photons. A strongly-coupled cavity quantum electrodynamics (CQED) system is arranged as a single-photon-level quantum router, which routes incoming photons to different outports based on the state of the involved material qubit. Two of the routers with qubits in their maximum superposition state are coupled together with a Mach-Zehnder-interferometer-like configuration. Read More

An experimental test of quantum complementarity principle based on single neutral atom trapped in a blue detuned bottle trap was here performed. A Ramsey interferometer was used to assess the wavelike behavior or particle-like behavior with second $\pi/2$-rotation on or off. The wavelike behavior or particle-like behavior is characterized by the visibility $V$ of the interference or the predictability $P$ of which-path information, respectively. Read More

Type III and type-III-like radio bursts are produced by energetic electron beams guided along coronal magnetic fields. As a variant of type III bursts, Type N bursts appear as the letter "N" in the radio dynamic spectrum and reveal a magnetic mirror effect in coronal loops. Here, we report a well-observed N-shaped burst consisting of three successive branches at metric wavelength with both fundamental and harmonic components and a high brightness temperature ($>$10$^9$ K). Read More

Motivated by recent experimental findings, we investigate the evolution of the superconducting gap anisotropy in 122 iron pnictides as a function of hole doping. Employing both a functional and a weak coupling renormalization group approach (FRG and WRG), we analyse the Fermi surface instabilities of an effective 122 model band structure at different hole dopings x, and derive the gap anisotropy from the leading superconducting instability. In the transition regime from collinear magnetism to s_{\pm}-wave, where strong correlations are present, we employ FRG to identify a non- monotonous change of the gap anisotropy in qualitative agreement with new experimental findings. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}JAD,

^{2}JAD,

^{3}JAD

The blood flow model maintains the steady state solutions, in which the flux gradients are non-zero but exactly balanced by the source term. In this paper, we design high order finite difference weighted non-oscillatory (WENO) schemes to this model with such well-balanced property and at the same time keeping genuine high order accuracy. Rigorous theoretical analysis as well as extensive numerical results all indicate that the resulting schemes verify high order accuracy, maintain the well-balanced property, and keep good resolution for smooth and discontinuous solutions. Read More

In this work, we investigate the production of $X_b$ in the process $\Upsilon(5S,6S)\to \gamma X_b$, where $X_b$ is assumed to be the counterpart of $X(3872)$ in the bottomonium sector as a $B {\bar B}^*$ molecular state. We use the effective Lagrangian based on the heavy quark symmetry to explore the rescattering mechanism and calculate their production ratios. Our results have shown that the production ratios for the $\Upsilon(5S,6S) \to \gamma X_b$ are orders of $10^{-5}$ with reasonable cutoff parameter range $\alpha \simeq 2\sim 3$. Read More

We have derived the particle injections at the Sun for ten good electron/$^{3}$He-rich solar energetic particle (SEP) events, using a 1.2 AU particle path length (suggested by analysis of the velocity dispersion). The inferred solar injections of high-energy ($\sim$10 to 300 keV) electrons and of $\sim$MeV/nucleon ions (carbon and heavier) start with a delay of 17$\pm$3 minutes and 75$\pm$14 minutes, respectively, after the injection of low-energy ($\sim$0. Read More

In this paper, we present the precision predictions for three photon production in the standard model (SM) at the ILC including the full next-to-leading (NLO) electroweak (EW) corrections, high order initial state radiation (h.o.ISR) contributions and beamstrahlung effects. Read More

It has been recently suggested that large solar energetic particle (SEP) events are often caused by twin CMEs. In the twin-CME scenario, the preceding CME is to provide both an enhanced turbulence level and enhanced seed population at the main CME-driven shock. In this work, we study the effect of the preceding CMEs on the seed population. Read More

Recently it has been suggested that the "twin-CME" scenario Li.etal2012 may be a very effective mechanism in causing extreme Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) events and in particular Ground Level Enhancement (GLE) events. Ding. Read More

Magnetic clouds (MCs) are the interplanetary counterpart of coronal magnetic
flux ropes. They can provide valuable information to reveal the flux rope
characteristics at their eruption stage in the corona, which are unable to be
explored in situ at present. In this paper, we make a comprehensive survey of
the average iron charge state (Fe) distributions inside 96 MCs for solar
cycle 23 using ACE (Advanced Composition Explorer) data. Read More

The search for unconventional superconductivity has been focused on materials with strong spin-orbit coupling and unique crystal lattices. Doped bismuth selenide (Bi$_2$Se$_3$) is a strong candidate given the topological insulator nature of the parent compound and its triangular lattice. The coupling between the physical properties in the superconducting state and its underlying crystal symmetry is a crucial test for unconventional superconductivity. Read More

We investigate the invariant mass distributions of $B_s\pi$ via different rescattering processes. Because the triangle singularity (TS) could be present for a very broad incident energy region, it can be expected that the TS peaks may simulate the resonance-like bump $X(5568)$ observed by the D0 collaboration. The highly process-dependent characteristic of TS mechanism offers a criterion to distinguish it from other dynamic mechanisms. Read More

With a test-particle simulation, we investigate the effect of large-scale coronal magnetic fields on electron acceleration at an outward-propagating coronal shock with a circular front. The coronal field is approximated by an analytical solution with a streamer-like magnetic field featured by partially open magnetic field and a current sheet at the equator atop the closed region. We show that the large-scale shock-field configuration, especially the relative curvature of the shock and the magnetic field line across which the shock is sweeping, plays an important role in the efficiency of electron acceleration. Read More

Topological Dirac semimetals (DSMs) exhibit nodal points through which energy bands disperse linearly in three-dimensional (3D) momentum space, a 3D analogue of graphene. The first experimentally confirmed DSMs with a pair of Dirac points (DPs), Na$_{3}$Bi and Cd$_{3}$As$_{2}$, show topological surface Fermi arc states and exotic magneto-transport properties, boosting the interest in the search for stable and nontoxic DSM materials. Here, based on the {\it ab-initio} band structure calculations we predict a family of palladium and platinum oxides as robust 3D DSMs. Read More

We compute the self-energy for the half-filled Hubbard model on a square lattice using lattice quantum Monte Carlo simulations and the dynamical vertex approximation. The self-energy is strongly momentum dependent, but it can be parametrized via the non-interacting energy-momentum dispersion $\varepsilon_{\mathbf{k}}$, except for pseudogap features right at the Fermi edge. That is, it can be written as $\Sigma(\varepsilon_{\mathbf{k}},\omega)$, with two energy-like parameters ($\varepsilon$, $\omega$) instead of three ($k_x$, $k_y$ and $\omega$). Read More

The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV. The CEPC will accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ in ten years' operation, producing one million Higgs bosons via the Higgsstrahlung and vector boson fusion processes. Read More

In the framework of the quark combination, we derive the yield formulas and study the yield ratios of the hidden-charm pentaquark states in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. We propose some interesting yield ratios which clearly exhibit the production relationships between different hidden-charm pentaquark states. We show how to employ a specific quark combination model to evaluate the yields of exotic $P_c^+(4380)$, $P_c^+(4450)$ and their partners on the basis of reproducing the yields of normal identified hadrons, and execute the calculations in central Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}= 2. Read More

For a resonance decaying to $\tau^+\tau^-$, it is difficult to reconstruct its mass accurately because of the presence of neutrinos in the decay products of the $\tau$ leptons. If the resonance is heavy enough, we show that its mass can be well determined by the momentum component of the $\tau$ decay products perpendicular to the velocity of the $\tau$ lepton, $p_{\perp}$, and the mass of the visible/invisible decay products, $m_{vis/inv}$, for $\tau$ decaying to hadrons/leptons. By sampling all kinematically allowed values of $p_{\perp}$ and $m_{vis/inv}$ according to their joint probability distributions determined by the MC simulations, the mass of the mother resonance is assumed to lie at the position with the maximal probability. Read More

We construct a weakly-coupled renormalizable model to explain the $750\mbox{GeV}$ diphoton excess. The $750\mbox{GeV}$ resonance (denoted as $X(750)$) is interpreted as a pseudoscalar coming from a complex singlet. The model also naturally provides a dark matter candidate. Read More

We propose a tunable electronic band gap and zero-energy modes in periodic heterosubstrate-induced graphene superlattices. Interestingly, there is an approximate linear relation between the band gap and the proportion of inhomogeneous substrate (i.e. Read More

Dome A in the Antarctic plateau is likely one of the best astronomical observing sites on Earth. The first one of three Antarctic Survey Telescope (AST3-1), a 50/68 cm Schmidt-like equatorial-mount telescope, is the first trackable telescope of China operating in Antarctica and the biggest telescope located in Antarctic inland. AST3-1 obtained huge amounts of data in 2012 and we processed the time-series parts. Read More

The saga of the primary photoexcitations in $\pi$-conjugated polymers has been a source of extraordinary scientific curiosity that has lasted for more than three decades. From soliton excitations in trans-polyacetylene, to singlet and triplet excitons and polarons in other polymers, to charge transfer excitons in blends of polymers and fullerenes, the field has been rich with a variety of different photoexcitation species. Here we show the photogeneration of a novel primary intrachain photoexcitation species, namely the composite multi-exciton (CME) in $\pi$-conjugated donor-acceptor (DA)-copolymers used in organic photovoltaic (OPV) solar cells. Read More

We present an efficient implementation of the parquet formalism which respects the asymptotic structure of the vertex functions at both single- and two-particle levels in momentum- and frequency-space. We identify the two-particle reducible vertex as the core function which is essential for the construction of the other vertex functions. This observation stimulates us to consider a two-level parameter-reduction for this function to simplify the solution of the parquet equations. Read More

Nearly thirty years ago the possibility of anomalous weak amplfication (AWA) was revealed by Aharonov, Albert and Vaidman [1]. Recently two papers presents two AWA schemes which are beyond the traditional proposal given by them [14, 15]. At the first glance the two papers seems very different. Read More

The prospects of searching for the flavor changing neutral current effect in the decay of $t\to H c, H\to \tau\tau$ are investigated with the simulated $p-p$ collision data for the ATLAS detector at the LHC, where the Higgs mass is assumed to be 125~GeV. A fit based on the constraints from the Higgs mass and the tau decay kinematics is performed for each event, which improves significantly the Higgs and top mass reconstruction and helps the signal-background separation. Boosted Decision Trees discriminants are developed to achieve an optimal sensitivity of searching for the FCNC signal. Read More

Band split of solar type II radio bursts, discovered several decades ago, is a fascinating phenomenon with the type-II lanes exhibiting two almost-parallel sub-bands with similar morphology. The underlying split mechanism remains elusive. One popular interpretation is that the splitting bands are emitted from the shock upstream and downstream, respectively, with their frequency ratio ({\gamma}) determined by the shock compression ratio. Read More

A general explanation for postselected weak measurement is given and quantum interference is most important. Read More

Topological insulators in the presence of strong Coulomb interaction constitute novel phases of matter. Transitions between these phases can be driven by single-particle or many-body effects. On the basis of {\it ab-initio} calculations, we identify a concrete material, {\it i. Read More