G. P. Das

G. P. Das
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G. P. Das

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Pub Categories

Computer Science - Databases (12)
Physics - Materials Science (10)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (6)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (3)
Physics - Physics and Society (3)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (2)
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Physics - Other (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By G. P. Das

We report results of simultaneous x-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence x-ray fluorescence measurements in combination with x-ray standing wave assisted depth resolved near edge x-ray absorption measurements to reveal new insights on chemical speciation of W in a W-B4C superlattice structure. Interestingly, our results show existence of various unusual electronic states for the W atoms especially those sitting at the surface and interface boundary of a thin film medium as compared to that of the bulk. These observations are found to be consistent with the results obtained using first principles calculations. Read More

Peer to peer marketplaces such as AirBnB enable transactional exchange of services directly between people. In such platforms, those providing a service (hosts in AirBnB) are faced with various choices. For example in AirBnB, although some amenities in a property (attributes of the property) are fixed, others are relatively flexible and can be provided without significant effort. Read More

Platforms such as AirBnB, TripAdvisor, Yelp and related sites have transformed the way we search for accommodation, restaurants, etc. The underlying datasets in such applications have numerous attributes that are mostly Boolean or Categorical. Discovering the skyline of such datasets over a subset of attributes would identify entries that stand out while enabling numerous applications. Read More

A unit disk graph is the intersection graph of a set of unit diameter disks in the plane. In this paper we consider liar's domination problem on unit disk graphs, a variant of dominating set problem. We call this problem as {\it Euclidean liar's domination problem}. Read More

Nanostructures of Titanium oxide (TiO2) are being studied for many promising applications, e.g., solar photovoltaics, solar water splitting for H2 fuel generation etc. Read More

We have studied the distribution patterns of lateral density, arrival time and angular position of Cherenkov photons generated in Extensive Air Showers (EASs) initiated by $\gamma$-ray, proton and iron primaries incident with various energies and at various zenith angles. This study is the extension of our earlier work [1] to cover a wide energy range of ground based $\gamma$-ray astronomy with a wide range of zenith angles ($\le 40^\circ$) of primary particles, as well as the extension to study the angular distribution patterns of Cherenkov photons in EASs. This type of study is important for distinguishing the $\gamma$-ray initiated showers from the hadronic showers in the ground based $\gamma$-ray astronomy, where Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique (ACT) is used. Read More

In heterogeneous networks, the random deployment of femto access points (FAPs) and macro base stations (MBSs) with uncoordinated channel access impose huge inter-tier interferences. In real-life networks, the process of MBSs deployment exhibits the homogeneity, however the FAPs have the behavioral characteristic of clusters formation like in malls, apartments, offices, etc. Therefore, the composite modeling of the MBSs and the FAPs using Poisson point process and Poisson cluster process is employed for the evaluation of coverage probability. Read More

For real-time traffic, the link quality and call blocking probability (both derived from coverage probability) are realized to be poor for cell edge users (CEUs) compared to cell center users (CCUs) as the signal reception in the cell center region is better compared to the cell edge region. In heterogeneous networks (HetNets), the uncoordinated channel access by different types of base stations determine the interference statistics that further arbitrates the coverage probability. Thus, the spectrum allocation techniques have major impact on the performance of CCU and CEU. Read More

Two-loop QCD correction to massive spin-2 Graviton decaying to $q ~ + ~ \bar{q}~ + ~g$ is presented considering a generic universal spin-2 coupling to the SM through the conserved energy-momentum tensor. Such a massive spin-2 particle can arise in extra-dimensional models. The ultraviolet and infrared structure of the QCD amplitudes are studied. Read More

This paper describes the application of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) in the context of a predator/prey scenario. The CNN is trained and run on data from a Dynamic and Active Pixel Sensor (DAVIS) mounted on a Summit XL robot (the predator), which follows another one (the prey). The CNN is driven by both conventional image frames and dynamic vision sensor "frames" that consist of a constant number of DAVIS ON and OFF events. Read More

FeGa3 is a well known d-p hybridization induced intermetallic bandgap semiconductor. In this work, we present the experimental and theoretical results on the effect of Al substitution in FeGa3, obtained by x-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature dependent resistance measurement, room temperature Mossbauer measurements and density functional theory based electronic structure calculations. It is observed that upto x = 0. Read More

We obtain predictions accurate at the next-to-leading order in QCD for the production of a generic spin-two particle in the most relevant channels at the LHC: production in association with coloured particles (inclusive, one jet, two jets and $t\bar t$), with vector bosons ($Z,W^\pm,\gamma$) and with the Higgs boson. We present total and differential cross sections as well as branching ratios as a function of the mass and the collision energy also considering the case of non-universal couplings to standard model particles. We find that the next-to-leading order corrections give rise to sizeable $K$ factors for many channels, in some cases exposing the unitarity-violating behaviour of non-universal couplings scenarios, and in general greatly reduce the theoretical uncertainties. Read More

Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) is a type of gaseous detector having excellent time and position resolutions. VECC is involved in the R\&D of indigenously developed bakelite RPCs. The largest size of bakelite RPC developed in India is 100 cm $\times$ 100 cm. Read More

The widespread use of online review sites over the past decade has motivated businesses of all types to possess an expansive arsenal of user feedback to mark their reputation. Though a significant proportion of purchasing decisions are driven by average rating, detailed reviews are critical for activities like buying expensive digital SLR camera. Since writing a detailed review for an item is usually time-consuming, the number of reviews available in the Web is far from many. Read More

Location Based Services (LBS) have become extremely popular and used by millions of users. Popular LBS run the entire gamut from mapping services (such as Google Maps) to restaurants (such as Yelp) and real-estate (such as Redfin). The public query interfaces of LBS can be abstractly modeled as a kNN interface over a database of two dimensional points: given an arbitrary query point, the system returns the k points in the database that are nearest to the query point. Read More

The ranked retrieval model has rapidly become the de facto way for search query processing in client-server databases, especially those on the web. Despite of the extensive efforts in the database community on designing better ranking functions/mechanisms, many such databases in practice still fail to address the diverse and sometimes contradicting preferences of users on tuple ranking, perhaps (at least partially) due to the lack of expertise and/or motivation for the database owner to design truly effective ranking functions. This paper takes a different route on addressing the issue by defining a novel {\em query reranking problem}, i. Read More

In this work, we have considered the formation of warm plasma sheath in the vicinity of a wall in a plasma with considerable presence of dust particles. As an example, we have used the parameters relevant in case of lunar plasma sheath, though the results obtained in this work could be applied to any other physical situation such as laboratory plasma. In the ion-acoustic time scale, we neglect the dust dynamics. Read More

Many web databases are "hidden" behind proprietary search interfaces that enforce the top-$k$ output constraint, i.e., each query returns at most $k$ of all matching tuples, preferentially selected and returned according to a proprietary ranking function. Read More

Spin-2 fields are often candidates in physics beyond the Standard Model namely the models with extra-dimensions where spin-2 Kaluza-Klein gravitons couple to the fields of the SM. Also, in the context of Higgs searches, spin-2 fields have been studied as an alternative to the scalar Higgs boson. In this article, we present the complete three loop QCD radiative corrections to the spin-2 quark-antiquark and spin-2 gluon-gluon form factors in SU(N) gauge theory with $n_f$ light flavors. Read More

In this paper, triple neutral electroweak gauge boson production processes, viz. \gamma\gamma\gamma, \gamma\gamma Z, \gamma ZZ and ZZZ productions merged to 1-jet have been studied at the leading order in QCD in the context of Randall-Sundrum model at the LHC with center of mass energy \sqrt{S}=13 TeV. Decay of Z bosons into lepton-pairs has been considered. Read More

The recent result on the third order correction to the Higgs boson production through gluon fusion by Anastasiou et al. [1] not only provides a precise prediction with reduced scale uncertainties for studying the Higgs boson properties but also establishes the reliability of the perturbative QCD. In this letter, we propose a novel approach to further reduce the uncertainty arising from the renormalization scale by systematically resumming the renormalization group (RG) accessible logarithms to all orders in the strong coupling constant. Read More

Location based services (LBS) have become very popular in recent years. They range from map services (e.g. Read More

How to enable efficient analytics over such data has been an increasingly important research problem. Given the sheer size of such social networks, many existing studies resort to sampling techniques that draw random nodes from an online social network through its restrictive web/API interface. Almost all of them use the exact same underlying technique of random walk - a Markov Chain Monte Carlo based method which iteratively transits from one node to its random neighbor. Read More

We have elaborately studied the electronic structure of 555-777 divacancy (DV) defected armchair edged graphene nanoribbon (AGNR) and transport properties of AGNR based two-terminal device constructed with one defected electrode and one N doped electrode, by using density functional theory and non-equilibrium Green's function based approach. The introduction of 555-777 DV defect into AGNRs, results in a shifting of the {\pi} and {\pi}* bands towards the higher energy value which indicates a shifting of the Fermi level towards the lower energy. Formation of a potential barrier, very similar to that of conventional p-n junction, has been observed across the junction of defected and N doped AGNR. Read More

In this work, we initiate the investigation of optimization opportunities in collaborative crowdsourcing. Many popular applications, such as collaborative document editing, sentence translation, or citizen science resort to this special form of human-based computing, where, crowd workers with appropriate skills and expertise are required to form groups to solve complex tasks. Central to any collaborative crowdsourcing process is the aspect of successful collaboration among the workers, which, for the first time, is formalized and then optimized in this work. Read More

Electronic density of states (DOS) at Fermi level has been investigated in ultrathin Ag films grown on Si(111)-(7x7) down to the two dimensional limit of a single atomic layer. Measurement of DOS at Fermi level by scanning tunneling spectroscopy shows an approximate (1 - {\gamma}/d) dependence, where {\gamma} is a constant and d is the film thickness. The results are explained in the light of an analytical theory as well as our density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Read More

In recent years, there has been much research in Ranked Retrieval model in structured databases, especially those in web databases. With this model, a search query returns top-k tuples according to not just exact matches of selection conditions, but a suitable ranking function. This paper studies a novel problem on the privacy implications of database ranking. Read More

In this paper, we introduce a novel, general purpose, technique for faster sampling of nodes over an online social network. Specifically, unlike traditional random walk which wait for the convergence of sampling distribution to a predetermined target distribution - a waiting process that incurs a high query cost - we develop WALK-ESTIMATE, which starts with a much shorter random walk, and then proactively estimate the sampling probability for the node taken before using acceptance-rejection sampling to adjust the sampling probability to the predetermined target distribution. We present a novel backward random walk technique which provides provably unbiased estimations for the sampling probability, and demonstrate the superiority of WALK-ESTIMATE over traditional random walks through theoretical analysis and extensive experiments over real world online social networks. Read More

We report the results of direct measurement of remanent hysteresis loops on nanochains of BiFeO$_3$ at room temperature under zero and $\sim$20 kOe magnetic field. We noticed a suppression of remanent polarization by nearly $\sim$40\% under the magnetic field. The powder neutron diffraction data reveal significant ion displacements under a magnetic field which seems to be the origin of the suppression of polarization. Read More

We study the di-final state processes ($\ell^+ \ell^-$, $\gamma \gamma$, $ZZ$, $W^+ W^-$) to NLO+PS accuracy, as a result of both the SM and RS Kaluza-Klein graviton excitations. Decay of the electroweak gauge boson final states to different leptonic states are included at the showering stage. A selection of the results has been presented with PDF and scale uncertainties for various distributions. Read More

Most of the 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) are nonmagnetic in pristine form. However, 2D pristine VX2 (X=S, Se, Te) materials are found to be ferromagnetic. Using spin polarized density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we have studied the electronic, magnetic and surface properties of this class of materials in both trigonal prismatic 2H- and octahedral 1T-phase. Read More

The low cost and high resolution Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chamber (MRPC) opens up a new possibility to find an efficient alternative detector for the Time of Flight (TOF) based Positron Emission Tomography, where the sensitivity of the system depends largely on the time resolution of the detector. In a layered structure, suitable converters can be used to increase the photon detection efficiency. In this paper results of the cosmic ray test of a four-gap bakelite-based prototype MRPC operated in streamer mode and six-gap glass-based MRPC operated in avalanche mode are discussed. Read More

We investigate the slow dynamics of a colloidal model with two repulsive length scales, whose interaction potential is the sum of a hard-core and a square shoulder. Despite the simplicity of the interactions, Mode-Coupling theory predicts a complex dynamic scenario: a fluid-glass line with two reentrances and a glass-glass line ending with multiple higher-order ($A_3$ or $A_4$) singularities. In this work we verify the existence of the two $A_4$ points by numerical simulations, observing subdiffusive behaviour of the mean-square displacement and logarithmic decay of the density correlators. Read More

We present a unified elucidation for the role temporal coherence properties of x-rays in surface x-ray standing wave analysis, under total external reflection condition. Analytical formulas have been derived that provide a direct relation between the intensity distribution of x-ray standing wave (XSW) pattern and complex degree of coherence of the incoming x-rays. The novelty of the proposed method has been demonstrated experimentally together with the theoretical results for a real application by analyzing the distribution of metal nanoparticles on a Si mirror surface. Read More

Total reflection x-ray fluorescence (TXRF) spectroscopy has seen a remarkable progress over the past years. Numerous applications in basic and applied sciences prove its importance. The large spectral background which is a major detrimental factor in the conventional x-ray fluorescence technique, limits the element detection sensitivities of the technique to ppm range. Read More

We have investigated some features of the density and arrival time distributions of Cherenkov photons in extensive air showers using the CORSIKA simulation package. The main thrust of this study is to see the effect of hadronic interaction models on the production pattern of Cherenkov photons with respect to distance from the shower core. Such studies are very important in ground based $\gamma$-ray astronomy for an effective rejection of huge cosmic ray background, where the atmospheric Cherenkov technique is being used extensively within the energy range of some hundred GeV to few TeV. Read More

Many databases on the web are "hidden" behind (i.e., accessible only through) their restrictive, form-like, search interfaces. Read More

We present SmartCrowd, a framework for optimizing collaborative knowledge-intensive crowdsourcing. SmartCrowd distinguishes itself by accounting for human factors in the process of assigning tasks to workers. Human factors designate workers' expertise in different skills, their expected minimum wage, and their availability. Read More

In this article, we consider the problem of computing minimum dominating set for a given set $S$ of $n$ points in $\IR^2$. Here the objective is to find a minimum cardinality subset $S'$ of $S$ such that the union of the unit radius disks centered at the points in $S'$ covers all the points in $S$. We first propose a simple 4-factor and 3-factor approximation algorithms in $O(n^6 \log n)$ and $O(n^{11} \log n)$ time respectively improving time complexities by a factor of $O(n^2)$ and $O(n^4)$ respectively over the best known result available in the literature [M. Read More

We have carried out first-principles based DFT calculation on electronic properties of silicene monolayer on various (111) semi-conducting surfaces. We find that the relative stability and other properties of the silicene overlayer depends sensitively on whether the interacting top layer of the substrate is metal or non-metal terminated. The nature of silicene-monolayer on the metal termi- nated surface can be metallic or even magnetic, depending upon the choice of the substrate. Read More

We have observed a large as well as path-dependent spontaneous exchange bias (H$_{SEB}$) ($\sim$30-60 mT) in a nanocomposite of BiFeO$_3$-Bi$_2$Fe$_4$O$_9$ across 5-300 K when it is measured in an unmagnetized state following zero-field cooling and appropriate demagnetization. The path dependency yields a variation in the exchange bias depending on the sign of the starting field and the path followed in tracing the hysteresis loop. The asymmetry thus observed - $\Delta$H$_{SEB}$ - is found to be decreasing nonmonotonically across 5-300 K with a peak around 200 K. Read More

We performed extensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, supplemented by Mode Coupling Theory (MCT) calculations, for the Square Shoulder (SS) model, a purely repulsive potential where the hard-core is complemented by a finite shoulder. For the one-component version of this model, MCT predicted [Sperl {\it et al.} Phys. Read More

Many online social networks feature restrictive web interfaces which only allow the query of a user's local neighborhood through the interface. To enable analytics over such an online social network through its restrictive web interface, many recent efforts reuse the existing Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods such as random walks to sample the social network and support analytics based on the samples. The problem with such an approach, however, is the large amount of queries often required (i. Read More

Given a set ${\cal D}$ of unit disks in the Euclidean plane, we consider (i) the {\it discrete unit disk cover} (DUDC) problem and (ii) the {\it rectangular region cover} (RRC) problem. In the DUDC problem, for a given set ${\cal P}$ of points the objective is to select minimum cardinality subset ${\cal D}^* \subseteq {\cal D}$ such that each point in ${\cal P}$ is covered by at least one disk in ${\cal D}^*$. On the other hand, in the RRC problem the objective is to select minimum cardinality subset ${\cal D}^{**} \subseteq {\cal D}$ such that each point of a given rectangular region ${\cal R}$ is covered by a disk in ${\cal D}^{**}$. Read More

In this work, the phenomenon of formation of localised electrostatic waves (ESW) or soliton is considered in a warm magnetoplasma with the possibility of non-thermal electron distribution. The parameter regime considered here is relevant in case of magnetospheric plasmas. We show that deviation from a usual relaxed Maxwellian distribution of the electron population has a significant bearing in the allowed parameter regime, where these ESWs can be found. Read More

A large number of web databases are only accessible through proprietary form-like interfaces which require users to query the system by entering desired values for a few attributes. A key restriction enforced by such an interface is the top-k output constraint - i.e. Read More

Given a set ${\cal V}$ of $n$ sensor node distributed on a 2-dimensional plane and a source node $s \in {\cal V}$, the {\it interference problem} deals with assigning transmission range to each $v \in {\cal V}$ such that the members in ${\cal V}$ maintain connectivity predicate ${\cal P}$, and the maximum/total interference is minimum. We propose algorithm for both {\it minimizing maximum interference} and {\it minimizing total interference} of the networks. For minimizing maximum interference we present optimum solution with running time $O(({\cal P}_n + n^2) \log n)$ for connectivity predicate ${\cal P}$ like strong connectivity, broadcast ($s$ is the source), $k$-edge(vertex) connectivity, spanner, where $O({\cal P}_n)$ is the time complexity for checking the connectivity predicate ${\cal P}$. Read More

Single gap (gas gap 2 mm) bakelite Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) modules of various sizes from 10 cm \times 10 cm to 1 m \times 1 m have been fabricated, characterized and optimized for efficiency and time resolution. Thin layers of different grades of silicone compound are applied to the inner electrode surfaces to make them smooth and also to reduce the surface resistivity. In the silicone coated RPCs an efficiency > 90% and time resolution \sim 2 ns (FWHM) have been obtained for both the streamer and the avalanche mode of operation. Read More