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Name
G. Isidori
Affiliation
conveners
City
Brechin
Country
United Kingdom

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (29)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)

Publications Authored By G. Isidori

We analyse the recent hints of Lepton Flavor Universality violations in semi-leptonic $B$ decays within a general EFT based on a $U(2)^n$ flavor symmetry acting on the light generations of SM fermions. We analyse in particular the consistency of these anomalies with the tight constraints on various low-energy observables in $B$ and $\tau$ physics. We show that, with a moderate fine-tuning, a consistent picture for all low-energy observables can be obtained under the additional dynamical assumption that the NP sector is coupled preferentially to third generation SM fermions. Read More

We perform a likelihood analysis of the minimal Anomaly-Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking (mAMSB) model using constraints from cosmology and accelerator experiments. We find that a wino-like or a Higgsino-like neutralino LSP, $m_{\tilde \chi^0_{1}}$, may provide the cold dark matter (DM) with similar likelihood. The upper limit on the DM density from Planck and other experiments enforces $m_{\tilde \chi^0_{1}} \lesssim 3~TeV$ after the inclusion of Sommerfeld enhancement in its annihilations. Read More

The basic features of quark and lepton mass matrices can be successfully explained by natural minima of a generic potential with dynamical Yukawa fields invariant under the $[\mathrm{SU(3)}]^5\times \mathcal{O}(3)$ flavor symmetry. If this symmetry is gauged, in order to avoid potentially dangerous Goldstone bosons, and small perturbations are added to exactly fit the observed pattern of fermion masses, the spectrum of massive flavor gauge bosons can naturally explain the hints for new physics in $b\to s \ell^+\ell^-$ transitions, including $R_K$. In particular, the desired pattern of the Standard Model Yukawa couplings is compatible with a gauged $\mathrm{U(1)}_q$ in the quark sector, and $\mathrm{U(1)}_{\mu-\tau}$ in the lepton sector spontaneously broken around the TeV scale. Read More

We perform a likelihood analysis of the constraints from accelerator experiments and astrophysical observations on supersymmetric (SUSY) models with SU(5) boundary conditions on soft SUSY-breaking parameters at the GUT scale. The parameter space of the models studied has 7 parameters: a universal gaugino mass $m_{1/2}$, distinct masses for the scalar partners of matter fermions in five- and ten-dimensional representations of SU(5), $m_5$ and $m_{10}$, and for the $\mathbf{5}$ and $\mathbf{\bar 5}$ Higgs representations $m_{H_u}$ and $m_{H_d}$, a universal trilinear soft SUSY-breaking parameter $A_0$, and the ratio of Higgs vevs $\tan \beta$. In addition to previous constraints from direct sparticle searches, low-energy and flavour observables, we incorporate constraints based on preliminary results from 13 TeV LHC searches for jets + MET events and long-lived particles, as well as the latest PandaX-II and LUX searches for direct Dark Matter detection. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: D. de Florian1, C. Grojean2, F. Maltoni3, C. Mariotti4, A. Nikitenko5, M. Pieri6, P. Savard7, M. Schumacher8, R. Tanaka9, R. Aggleton10, M. Ahmad11, B. Allanach12, C. Anastasiou13, W. Astill14, S. Badger15, M. Badziak16, J. Baglio17, E. Bagnaschi18, A. Ballestrero19, A. Banfi20, D. Barducci21, M. Beckingham22, C. Becot23, G. Bélanger24, J. Bellm25, N. Belyaev26, F. U. Bernlochner27, C. Beskidt28, A. Biekötter29, F. Bishara30, W. Bizon31, N. E. Bomark32, M. Bonvini33, S. Borowka34, V. Bortolotto35, S. Boselli36, F. J. Botella37, R. Boughezal38, G. C. Branco39, J. Brehmer40, L. Brenner41, S. Bressler42, I. Brivio43, A. Broggio44, H. Brun45, G. Buchalla46, C. D. Burgard47, A. Calandri48, L. Caminada49, R. Caminal Armadans50, F. Campanario51, J. Campbell52, F. Caola53, C. M. Carloni Calame54, S. Carrazza55, A. Carvalho56, M. Casolino57, O. Cata58, A. Celis59, F. Cerutti60, N. Chanon61, M. Chen62, X. Chen63, B. Chokoufé Nejad64, N. Christensen65, M. Ciuchini66, R. Contino67, T. Corbett68, D. Curtin69, M. Dall'Osso70, A. David71, S. Dawson72, J. de Blas73, W. de Boer74, P. de Castro Manzano75, C. Degrande76, R. L. Delgado77, F. Demartin78, A. Denner79, B. Di Micco80, R. Di Nardo81, S. Dittmaier82, A. Dobado83, T. Dorigo84, F. A. Dreyer85, M. Dührssen86, C. Duhr87, F. Dulat88, K. Ecker89, K. Ellis90, U. Ellwanger91, C. Englert92, D. Espriu93, A. Falkowski94, L. Fayard95, R. Feger96, G. Ferrera97, A. Ferroglia98, N. Fidanza99, T. Figy100, M. Flechl101, D. Fontes102, S. Forte103, P. Francavilla104, E. Franco105, R. Frederix106, A. Freitas107, F. F. Freitas108, F. Frensch109, S. Frixione110, B. Fuks111, E. Furlan112, S. Gadatsch113, J. Gao114, Y. Gao115, M. V. Garzelli116, T. Gehrmann117, R. Gerosa118, M. Ghezzi119, D. Ghosh120, S. Gieseke121, D. Gillberg122, G. F. Giudice123, E. W. N. Glover124, F. Goertz125, D. Gonçalves126, J. Gonzalez-Fraile127, M. Gorbahn128, S. Gori129, C. A. Gottardo130, M. Gouzevitch131, P. Govoni132, D. Gray133, M. Grazzini134, N. Greiner135, A. Greljo136, J. Grigo137, A. V. Gritsan138, R. Gröber139, S. Guindon140, H. E. Haber141, C. Han142, T. Han143, R. Harlander144, M. A. Harrendorf145, H. B. Hartanto146, C. Hays147, S. Heinemeyer148, G. Heinrich149, M. Herrero150, F. Herzog151, B. Hespel152, V. Hirschi153, S. Hoeche154, S. Honeywell155, S. J. Huber156, C. Hugonie157, J. Huston158, A. Ilnicka159, G. Isidori160, B. Jäger161, M. Jaquier162, S. P. Jones163, A. Juste164, S. Kallweit165, A. Kaluza166, A. Kardos167, A. Karlberg168, Z. Kassabov169, N. Kauer170, D. I. Kazakov171, M. Kerner172, W. Kilian173, F. Kling174, K. Köneke175, R. Kogler176, R. Konoplich177, S. Kortner178, S. Kraml179, C. Krause180, F. Krauss181, M. Krawczyk182, A. Kulesza183, S. Kuttimalai184, R. Lane185, A. Lazopoulos186, G. Lee187, P. Lenzi188, I. M. Lewis189, Y. Li190, S. Liebler191, J. Lindert192, X. Liu193, Z. Liu194, F. J. Llanes-Estrada195, H. E. Logan196, D. Lopez-Val197, I. Low198, G. Luisoni199, P. Maierhöfer200, E. Maina201, B. Mansoulié202, H. Mantler203, M. Mantoani204, A. C. Marini205, V. I. Martinez Outschoorn206, S. Marzani207, D. Marzocca208, A. Massironi209, K. Mawatari210, J. Mazzitelli211, A. McCarn212, B. Mellado213, K. Melnikov214, S. B. Menari215, L. Merlo216, C. Meyer217, P. Milenovic218, K. Mimasu219, S. Mishima220, B. Mistlberger221, S. -O. Moch222, A. Mohammadi223, P. F. Monni224, G. Montagna225, M. Moreno Llácer226, N. Moretti227, S. Moretti228, L. Motyka229, A. Mück230, M. Mühlleitner231, S. Munir232, P. Musella233, P. Nadolsky234, D. Napoletano235, M. Nebot236, C. Neu237, M. Neubert238, R. Nevzorov239, O. Nicrosini240, J. Nielsen241, K. Nikolopoulos242, J. M. No243, C. O'Brien244, T. Ohl245, C. Oleari246, T. Orimoto247, D. Pagani248, C. E. Pandini249, A. Papaefstathiou250, A. S. Papanastasiou251, G. Passarino252, B. D. Pecjak253, M. Pelliccioni254, G. Perez255, L. Perrozzi256, F. Petriello257, G. Petrucciani258, E. Pianori259, F. Piccinini260, M. Pierini261, A. Pilkington262, S. Plätzer263, T. Plehn264, R. Podskubka265, C. T. Potter266, S. Pozzorini267, K. Prokofiev268, A. Pukhov269, I. Puljak270, M. Queitsch-Maitland271, J. Quevillon272, D. Rathlev273, M. Rauch274, E. Re275, M. N. Rebelo276, D. Rebuzzi277, L. Reina278, C. Reuschle279, J. Reuter280, M. Riembau281, F. Riva282, A. Rizzi283, T. Robens284, R. Röntsch285, J. Rojo286, J. C. Romão287, N. Rompotis288, J. Roskes289, R. Roth290, G. P. Salam291, R. Salerno292, R. Santos293, V. Sanz294, J. J. Sanz-Cillero295, H. Sargsyan296, U. Sarica297, P. Schichtel298, J. Schlenk299, T. Schmidt300, C. Schmitt301, M. Schönherr302, U. Schubert303, M. Schulze304, S. Sekula305, M. Sekulla306, E. Shabalina307, H. S. Shao308, J. Shelton309, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous310, S. Y. Shim311, F. Siegert312, A. Signer313, J. P. Silva314, L. Silvestrini315, M. Sjodahl316, P. Slavich317, M. Slawinska318, L. Soffi319, M. Spannowsky320, C. Speckner321, D. M. Sperka322, M. Spira323, O. Stål324, F. Staub325, T. Stebel326, T. Stefaniak327, M. Steinhauser328, I. W. Stewart329, M. J. Strassler330, J. Streicher331, D. M. Strom332, S. Su333, X. Sun334, F. J. Tackmann335, K. Tackmann336, A. M. Teixeira337, R. Teixeira de Lima338, V. Theeuwes339, R. Thorne340, D. Tommasini341, P. Torrielli342, M. Tosi343, F. Tramontano344, Z. Trócsányi345, M. Trott346, I. Tsinikos347, M. Ubiali348, P. Vanlaer349, W. Verkerke350, A. Vicini351, L. Viliani352, E. Vryonidou353, D. Wackeroth354, C. E. M. Wagner355, J. Wang356, S. Wayand357, G. Weiglein358, C. Weiss359, M. Wiesemann360, C. Williams361, J. Winter362, D. Winterbottom363, R. Wolf364, M. Xiao365, L. L. Yang366, R. Yohay367, S. P. Y. Yuen368, G. Zanderighi369, M. Zaro370, D. Zeppenfeld371, R. Ziegler372, T. Zirke373, J. Zupan374
Affiliations: 1eds., 2eds., 3eds., 4eds., 5eds., 6eds., 7eds., 8eds., 9eds., 10The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 11The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 12The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 13The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 14The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 15The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 16The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 17The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 18The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 19The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 20The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 21The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 22The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 23The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 24The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 25The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 26The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 27The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 28The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 29The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group, 30The LHC Higgs Cross 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This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. Read More

We evaluate the impact of radiative corrections in the ratios $\Gamma[B\to M \mu^+\mu^-]/\Gamma[B\to M e^+e^-]$ when the meson $M$ is a $K$ or a $K^*$. Employing the cuts on $m^2_{\ell\ell}$ and the reconstructed $B$-meson mass presently applied by the LHCb Collaboration, such corrections do not exceed a few $\%$. Moreover, their effect is well described (and corrected for) by existing Montecarlo codes. Read More

We propose a coherent explanation for the 750 GeV diphoton anomaly and the hints of deviations from Lepton Flavor Universality in B decays in terms a new strongly interacting sector with vectorlike confinement. The diphoton excess arises from the decay of one of the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone bosons of the new sector, while the flavor anomalies are a manifestation of the exchange of the corresponding vector resonances (with masses in the 1.5-2. Read More

We calculate the fully-differential rate of the decays $B\to P\tau(\to \mu\bar\nu\nu)\bar\nu$ where $P = D,\pi$, which is a background to the semimuonic decays $B\to P\mu\bar\nu$. The decays with a $3\nu$ final state can have a sizeable impact on the experimental analyses of the ratios $R_D$ and $R_\pi$, depending on the event selection in the analysis. We outline a strategy which permits the extraction of $R_P \mathcal{B}(\tau \to \mu\bar\nu\nu)$ from the neutrino-inclusive rate. Read More

We discuss how the leading electroweak Higgs production processes at the LHC, namely vector-boson fusion and Higgs+W/Z associated production, can be characterized in generic extensions of the Standard Model by a proper set of pseudo-observables (PO). We analyze the symmetry properties of these PO and their relation with the PO set appearing in Higgs decays. We discuss in detail the kinematical studies necessary to extract the production PO from data, and present a first estimate of the LHC sensitivity on these observables in the high-luminosity phase. Read More

The collection of a few anomalies in semileptonic $B$-decays invites to speculate about the emergence of some strikingly new phenomena. Here we offer a possible interpretation of these anomalies in the context of a weakly broken $U(2)^5$ flavour symmetry and lepto-quark mediators. Read More

We review the formalism by which the tunnelling probability of an unstable ground state can be computed in quantum field theory, with special reference to the Standard Model of electroweak interactions. We describe in some detail the approximations implicitly adopted in such calculation. Particular attention is devoted to the role of scale invariance, and to the different implications of scale-invariance violations due to quantum effects and possible new degrees of freedom. Read More

Different mechanisms operate in various regions of the MSSM parameter space to bring the relic density of the lightest neutralino, neutralino_1, assumed here to be the LSP and thus the Dark Matter (DM) particle, into the range allowed by astrophysics and cosmology. These mechanisms include coannihilation with some nearly-degenerate next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) such as the lighter stau (stau_1), stop (stop_1) or chargino (chargino_1), resonant annihilation via direct-channel heavy Higgs bosons H/A, the light Higgs boson h or the Z boson, and enhanced annihilation via a larger Higgsino component of the LSP in the focus-point region. These mechanisms typically select lower-dimensional subspaces in MSSM scenarios such as the CMSSM, NUHM1, NUHM2 and pMSSM10. Read More

We propose a new method to determine the coupling of the Higgs boson to charm quarks, via Higgs production in association with a charm-tagged jet: $pp\to hc$. As a first estimate, we find that at the LHC with 3000 fb$^{-1}$ it should be possible to derive a constraint of order one, relative to the SM value of the charm Yukawa coupling. As a byproduct of this analysis, we present an estimate of the exclusive $pp \to hD^{(*)}$ electroweak cross section. Read More

We show how leading radiative corrections can be implemented in the general description of $h\to 4\ell$ decays by means of Pseudo Observables (PO). With the inclusion of such corrections, the PO description of $h\to 4\ell$ decays can be matched to next-to-leading-order electroweak calculations both within and beyond the Standard Model (SM). In particular, we demonstrate that with the inclusion of such corrections the complete next-to-leading-order Standard Model prediction for the $h\to 2e2\mu$ dilepton mass spectrum is recovered within 1% accuracy. Read More

Flavour physics represents one of the most interesting and, at the same time, less understood sector of the Standard Theory. On the one hand, the peculiar pattern of quark and lepton masses, and their mixing angles, may be the clue to some new dynamics occurring at high-energy scales. On the other hand, the strong suppression of flavour-changing neutral-current processes, predicted by the Standard Theory and confirmed by experiments, represents a serious challenge to extend the Theory. Read More

In view of recent experimental indications of violations of Lepton Flavor Universality (LFU) in $B$ decays, we analyze constraints and implications of LFU interactions, both using an effective theory approach, and an explicit dynamical model. We show that a simple dynamical model based on a $SU(2)_L$ triplet of massive vector bosons, coupled predominantly to third generation fermions (both quarks and leptons), can significantly improve the description of present data. In particular, the model decreases the tension between data and SM predictions concerning: i) the breaking of $\tau$-$\mu$ universality in $B\to D^{(*)} \ell \nu$ decays; ii) the breaking of $\mu$-$e$ universality in $B \to K \ell^+\ell^-$ decays; iii) the difference between exclusive and inclusive determinations of $|V_{cb}|$ and $|V_{ub}|$. Read More

We analyze the bounds on the Higgs pseudo-observables following from electroweak constraints, under the assumption that the Higgs particle is the massive excitation of an $SU(2)_L$ doublet. Using such bounds, detailed predictions for $h\to 4\ell$ decay rates, dilepton spectra, and lepton-universality ratios are presented. Read More

We present a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of the pMSSM10, in which the following 10 soft SUSY-breaking parameters are specified independently at the mean scalar top mass scale Msusy = Sqrt[M_stop1 M_stop2]: the gaugino masses M_{1,2,3}, the 1st-and 2nd-generation squark masses M_squ1 = M_squ2, the third-generation squark mass M_squ3, a common slepton mass M_slep and a common trilinear mixing parameter A, the Higgs mixing parameter mu, the pseudoscalar Higgs mass M_A and tan beta. We use the MultiNest sampling algorithm with 1.2 x 10^9 points to sample the pMSSM10 parameter space. Read More

We define a set of pseudo-observables characterizing the properties of Higgs decays in generic extensions of the Standard Model with no new particles below the Higgs mass. The pseudo-observables can be determined from experimental data, providing a systematic generalization of the "kappa-framework" so far adopted by the LHC experiments. The pseudo-observables are defined from on-shell decay amplitudes, allow for a systematic inclusion of higher-order QED and QCD corrections, and can be computed in any Effective Field Theory (EFT) approach to Higgs physics. Read More

Attempts to solve naturalness by having the weak scale as the only breaking of classical scale invariance have to deal with two severe difficulties: gravity and the absence of Landau poles. We show that solutions to the first problem require premature modifications of gravity at scales no larger than $10^{11}$ GeV, while the second problem calls for many new particles at the weak scale. To build models that fulfil these properties, we classify 4-dimensional Quantum Field Theories that satisfy Total Asymptotic Freedom (TAF): the theory holds up to infinite energy, where all coupling constants flow to zero. Read More

We analyze $h\to 4\ell$ decays in the kinematical region where the dilepton pair of low invariant mass ($m_{34}$) is not far from QCD resonances ($\Psi$ and $\Upsilon$ states). On the one hand, we present precise predictions of the spectrum within the Standard Model, taking into account non-perturbative QCD effects. On the other hand, we illustrate the sensitivity of this spectrum to New Physics models predicting the existence of new exotic light states. Read More

We present a status report on the indirect searches for New Physics performed by means of heavy flavour decays. Particular attention is devoted to the recent experimental results in B and charm physics obtained by the LHC experiments. The implications of these results for physics beyond the Standard Model are discussed both in general terms and by means of a few specific examples. Read More

We analyze the impact of data from the full Run 1 of the LHC at 7 and 8 TeV on the CMSSM with mu > 0 and < 0 and the NUHM1 with mu > 0, incorporating the constraints imposed by other experiments such as precision electroweak measurements, flavour measurements, the cosmological density of cold dark matter and the direct search for the scattering of dark matter particles in the LUX experiment. We use the following results from the LHC experiments: ATLAS searches for events with MET accompanied by jets with the full 7 and 8 TeV data, the ATLAS and CMS measurements of the mass of the Higgs boson, the CMS searches for heavy neutral Higgs bosons and a combination of the LHCb and CMS measurements of B_s to mu+mu- and B_d to mu+mu-. Our results are based on samplings of the parameter spaces of the CMSSM for both mu>0 and mu<0 and of the NUHM1 for mu > 0 with 6. Read More

We further develop a form factor formalism characterizing anomalous interactions of the Higgs-like boson (h) to massive electroweak vector bosons (V) and generic bilinear fermion states (F). Employing this approach, we examine the sensitivity of pp -> F ->Vh associated production to physics beyond the Standard Model, and compare it to the corresponding sensitivity of h -> V F decays. We discuss how determining the Vh invariant-mass distribution in associated production at LHC is a key ingredient for model-independent determinations of h V F interactions. Read More

We analyze the structure of quark and lepton mass matrices under the hypothesis that they are determined from a minimum principle applied to a generic potential invariant under the $\left[SU(3)\right]^5\otimes \mathcal O(3)$ flavor symmetry, acting on Standard Model fermions and right-handed neutrinos. Unlike the quark case, we show that hierarchical masses for charged leptons are naturally accompanied by degenerate Majorana neutrinos with one mixing angle close to maximal, a second potentially large, a third one necessarily small, and one maximal relative Majorana phase. Adding small perturbations the predicted structure for the neutrino mass matrix is in excellent agreement with present observations and could be tested in the near future via neutrino-less double beta decay and cosmological measurements. Read More

We give a general decomposition of the h -> VF amplitude where V={W,Z} and F is a generic leptonic or hadronic final state, in the standard model (SM), and in the context of a general effective field theory. The differential distributions for F=l^+l^-, l nu (l =e, mu) are reported, and we show how such distributions can be used to determine modified Higgs couplings that cannot be directly extracted from a global fit to Higgs signal strengths. We also demonstrate how rare h -> VP decays, where P is a single hadron, with SM rates in the 10^{-5} range, can be used to provide complementary information on the couplings of the newly discovered Higgs-like scalar and are an interesting probe of the vacuum structure of the theory. Read More

Using an effective-theory approach, we analyze the impact of BR(Bs to mu+ mu-) in constraining new-physics models that predict modifications of the Z-boson couplings to down-type quarks. Under motivated assumptions about the flavor structure of the effective theory, we show that the bounds presently derived from BR(Bs to mu+ mu-) on the effective Z-boson couplings are comparable (in the case of minimal flavor violation) or significantly more stringent (in the case of generic partial compositeness) with respect to those derived from observables at the Z peak. Read More

Lectures on flavor physics presented at the 2012 CERN HEP Summer School. Content: 1) flavor physics within the Standard Model, 2) phenomenology of B and D decays, 3) flavor physics beyond the Standard Model. Read More

We show that a right-handed stop in the 200-400 GeV mass range, together with a nearly degenerate neutralino and, possibly, a gluino below 1.5 TeV, follows from reasonable assumptions, is consistent with present data, and offers interesting discovery prospects at the LHC. Triggering on an extra jet produced in association with stops allows the experimental search for stops even when their mass difference with neutralinos is very small and the decay products are too soft for direct observation. Read More

In top-pair events where at least one of the tops decays semi-leptonically, the identification of the lepton charge allows to tag not only the top charge but also that of the subsequent b quark. In cases where the b also decays semi-leptonically, the charge of the two leptons can be used to probe CP violation in heavy flavor mixing and decays. This strategy to measure CP violation is independent of those adopted so far in experiments, and can already constrain non Standard Model sources of CP violation with current and near future LHC data. Read More

2012Aug
Authors: LHCb collaboration, A. Bharucha, I. I. Bigi, C. Bobeth, M. Bobrowski, J. Brod, A. J. Buras, C. T. H. Davies, A. Datta, C. Delaunay, S. Descotes-Genon, J. Ellis, T. Feldmann, R. Fleischer, O. Gedalia, J. Girrbach, D. Guadagnoli, G. Hiller, Y. Hochberg, T. Hurth, G. Isidori, S. Jaeger, M. Jung, A. Kagan, J. F. Kamenik, A. Lenz, Z. Ligeti, D. London, F. Mahmoudi, J. Matias, S. Nandi, Y. Nir, P. Paradisi, G. Perez, A. A. Petrov, R. Rattazzi, S. R. Sharpe, L. Silvestrini, A. Soni, D. M. Straub, D. van Dyk, J. Virto, Y. -M. Wang, A. Weiler, J. Zupan. LHCb collaboration, :, R. Aaij, C. Abellan Beteta, A. Adametz, B. Adeva, M. Adinolfi, C. Adrover, A. Affolder, Z. Ajaltouni, J. Albrecht, F. Alessio, M. Alexander, S. Ali, G. Alkhazov, P. Alvarez Cartelle, A. A. Alves Jr, S. Amato, Y. Amhis, L. Anderlini, J. Anderson, R. Andreassen, M. Anelli, R. B. Appleby, O. Aquines Gutierrez, F. Archilli, A. Artamonov, M. Artuso, E. Aslanides, G. Auriemma, S. Bachmann, J. J. Back, C. Baesso, W. Baldini, H. Band, R. J. Barlow, C. Barschel, S. Barsuk, W. Barter, A. Bates, Th. Bauer, A. Bay, J. Beddow, I. Bediaga, C. Beigbeder-Beau, S. Belogurov, K. Belous, I. Belyaev, E. Ben-Haim, M. Benayoun, G. Bencivenni, S. Benson, J. Benton, A. Berezhnoy, F. Bernard, R. Bernet, M. -O. Bettler, M. van Beuzekom, V. van Beveren, A. Bien, S. Bifani, T. Bird, A. Bizzeti, P. M. Bjørnstad, T. Blake, F. Blanc, C. Blanks, J. Blouw, S. Blusk, A. Bobrov, V. Bocci, B. Bochin, H. Boer Rookhuizen, G. Bogdanova, E. Bonaccorsi, A. Bondar, N. Bondar, W. Bonivento, S. Borghi, A. Borgia, T. J. V. Bowcock, E. Bowen, C. Bozzi, T. Brambach, J. van den Brand, L. Brarda, J. Bressieux, D. Brett, M. Britsch, T. Britton, N. H. Brook, H. Brown, A. Büchler-Germann, I. Burducea, A. Bursche, J. Buytaert, T. Cacérès, J. -P. Cachemiche, S. Cadeddu, O. Callot, M. Calvi, M. Calvo Gomez, A. Camboni, P. Campana, A. Carbone, G. Carboni, R. Cardinale, A. Cardini, H. Carranza-Mejia, L. Carson, K. Carvalho Akiba, A. Casajus Ramo, G. Casse, M. Cattaneo, Ch. Cauet, L. Ceelie, B. Chadaj, H. Chanal, M. Charles, D. Charlet, Ph. Charpentier, M. Chebbi, P. Chen, N. Chiapolini, M. Chrzaszcz, P. Ciambrone, K. Ciba, X. Cid Vidal, G. Ciezarek, P. E. L. Clarke, M. Clemencic, H. V. Cliff, J. Closier, C. Coca, V. Coco, J. Cogan, E. Cogneras, P. Collins, A. Comerma-Montells, A. Contu, A. Cook, M. Coombes, B. Corajod, G. Corti, B. Couturier, G. A. Cowan, D. Craik, S. Cunliffe, R. Currie, C. D'Ambrosio, I. D'Antone, P. David, P. N. Y. David, I. De Bonis, K. De Bruyn, S. De Capua, M. De Cian, P. De Groen, J. M. De Miranda, L. De Paula, P. De Simone, D. Decamp, M. Deckenhoff, G. Decreuse, H. Degaudenzi, L. Del Buono, C. Deplano, D. Derkach, O. Deschamps, F. Dettori, A. Di Canto, J. Dickens, H. Dijkstra, P. Diniz Batista, M. Dogaru, F. Domingo Bonal, M. Domke, S. Donleavy, F. Dordei, A. Dosil Suárez, D. Dossett, A. Dovbnya, C. Drancourt, O. Duarte, R. Dumps, F. Dupertuis, P. -Y. Duval, R. Dzhelyadin, A. Dziurda, A. Dzyuba, S. Easo, U. Egede, V. Egorychev, S. Eidelman, D. van Eijk, S. Eisenhardt, R. Ekelhof, L. Eklund, I. El Rifai, Ch. Elsasser, D. Elsby, F. Evangelisti, A. Falabella, C. Färber, G. Fardell, C. Farinelli, S. Farry, P. J. W. Faulkner, V. Fave, G. Felici, V. Fernandez Albor, F. Ferreira Rodrigues, M. Ferro-Luzzi, S. Filippov, C. Fitzpatrick, C. Föhr, M. Fontana, F. Fontanelli, R. Forty, C. Fournier, O. Francisco, M. Frank, C. Frei, R. Frei, M. Frosini, H. Fuchs, S. Furcas, A. Gallas Torreira, D. Galli, M. Gandelman, P. Gandini, Y. Gao, J. Garofoli, P. Garosi, J. Garra Tico, L. Garrido, D. Gascon, C. Gaspar, R. Gauld, E. Gersabeck, M. Gersabeck, T. Gershon, S. Gets, Ph. Ghez, A. Giachero, V. Gibson, V. V. Gligorov, C. Göbel, V. Golovtsov, D. Golubkov, A. Golutvin, A. Gomes, G. Gong, H. Gong, H. Gordon, C. Gotti, M. Grabalosa Gándara, R. Graciani Diaz, L. A. Granado Cardoso, E. Graugés, G. Graziani, A. Grecu, E. Greening, S. Gregson, V. Gromov, O. Grünberg, B. Gui, E. Gushchin, Yu. Guz, Z. Guzik, T. Gys, F. Hachon, C. Hadjivasiliou, G. Haefeli, C. Haen, S. C. Haines, S. Hall, T. Hampson, S. Hansmann-Menzemer, N. Harnew, S. T. Harnew, J. Harrison, P. F. Harrison, T. Hartmann, J. He, B. van der Heijden, V. Heijne, K. Hennessy, P. Henrard, J. A. Hernando Morata, E. van Herwijnen, E. Hicks, D. Hill, M. Hoballah, W. Hofmann, C. Hombach, P. Hopchev, W. Hulsbergen, P. Hunt, T. Huse, N. Hussain, D. Hutchcroft, D. Hynds, V. Iakovenko, P. Ilten, J. Imong, R. Jacobsson, A. Jaeger, O. Jamet, E. Jans, F. Jansen, L. Jansen, P. Jansweijer, P. Jaton, F. Jing, M. John, D. Johnson, C. R. Jones, B. Jost, M. Kaballo, S. Kandybei, M. Karacson, O. Karavichev, T. M. Karbach, A. Kashchuk, T. Kechadi, I. R. Kenyon, U. Kerzel, T. Ketel, A. Keune, B. Khanji, T. Kihm, R. Kluit, O. Kochebina, V. Komarov, R. F. Koopman, P. Koppenburg, M. Korolev, J. Kos, A. Kozlinskiy, L. Kravchuk, K. Kreplin, M. Kreps, R. Kristic, G. Krocker, P. Krokovny, F. Kruse, M. Kucharczyk, Y. Kudenko, V. Kudryavtsev, T. Kvaratskheliya, V. N. La Thi, D. Lacarrere, G. Lafferty, A. Lai, D. Lambert, R. W. Lambert, E. Lanciotti, L. Landi, G. Lanfranchi, C. Langenbruch, S. Laptev, T. Latham, I. Lax, C. Lazzeroni, R. Le Gac, J. van Leerdam, J. -P. Lees, R. Lefèvre, A. Leflat, J. Lefrançois, O. Leroy, T. Lesiak, Y. Li, L. Li Gioi, A. Likhoded, M. Liles, R. Lindner, C. Linn, B. Liu, G. Liu, J. von Loeben, J. H. Lopes, E. Lopez Asamar, N. Lopez-March, H. Lu, J. Luisier, H. Luo, A. Mac Raighne, F. Machefert, I. V. Machikhiliyan, F. Maciuc, O. Maev, M. Maino, S. Malde, G. Manca, G. Mancinelli, N. Mangiafave, U. Marconi, R. Märki, J. Marks, G. Martellotti, A. Martens, A. Martín Sánchez, M. Martinelli, D. Martinez Santos, D. Martins Tostes, A. Massafferri, R. Matev, Z. Mathe, C. Matteuzzi, M. Matveev, E. Maurice, J. Mauricio, A. Mazurov, J. McCarthy, R. McNulty, B. Meadows, M. Meissner, H. Mejia, V. Mendez-Munoz, M. Merk, D. A. Milanes, M. -N. Minard, J. Molina Rodriguez, S. Monteil, D. Moran, P. Morawski, R. Mountain, I. Mous, F. Muheim, F. Mul, K. Müller, B. Munneke, R. Muresan, B. Muryn, B. Muster, P. Naik, T. Nakada, R. Nandakumar, I. Nasteva, A. Nawrot, M. Needham, N. Neufeld, A. D. Nguyen, T. D. Nguyen, C. Nguyen-Mau, M. Nicol, V. Niess, N. Nikitin, T. Nikodem, Y. Nikolaiko, S. Nisar, A. Nomerotski, A. Novoselov, A. Oblakowska-Mucha, V. Obraztsov, S. Oggero, S. Ogilvy, O. Okhrimenko, R. Oldeman, M. Orlandea, A. Ostankov, J. M. Otalora Goicochea, M. van Overbeek, P. Owen, B. K. Pal, A. Palano, M. Palutan, J. Panman, A. Papanestis, M. Pappagallo, C. Parkes, C. J. Parkinson, G. Passaleva, G. D. Patel, M. Patel, G. N. Patrick, C. Patrignani, C. Pavel-Nicorescu, A. Pazos Alvarez, A. Pellegrino, G. Penso, M. Pepe Altarelli, S. Perazzini, D. L. Perego, E. Perez Trigo, A. Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, P. Perret, M. Perrin-Terrin, G. Pessina, K. Petridis, A. Petrolini, O. van Petten, A. Phan, E. Picatoste Olloqui, D. Piedigrossi, B. Pietrzyk, T. Pilař, D. Pinci, S. Playfer, M. Plo Casasus, F. Polci, G. Polok, A. Poluektov, E. Polycarpo, D. Popov, B. Popovici, C. Potterat, A. Powell, J. Prisciandaro, M. Pugatch, V. Pugatch, A. Puig Navarro, W. Qian, J. H. Rademacker, B. Rakotomiaramanana, M. S. Rangel, I. Raniuk, N. Rauschmayr, G. Raven, S. Redford, M. M. Reid, A. C. dos Reis, F. Rethore, S. Ricciardi, A. Richards, K. Rinnert, V. Rives Molina, D. A. Roa Romero, P. Robbe, E. Rodrigues, P. Rodriguez Perez, E. Roeland, G. J. Rogers, S. Roiser, V. Romanovsky, A. Romero Vidal, K. de Roo, J. Rouvinet, L. Roy, K. Rudloff, T. Ruf, H. Ruiz, G. Sabatino, J. J. Saborido Silva, N. Sagidova, P. Sail, B. Saitta, C. Salzmann, B. Sanmartin Sedes, R. Santacesaria, C. Santamarina Rios, E. Santovetti, S. Saornil Gamarra, M. Sapunov, A. Saputi, A. Sarti, C. Satriano, A. Satta, T. Savidge, M. Savrie, P. Schaack, M. Schiller, A. Schimmel, H. Schindler, S. Schleich, M. Schlupp, M. Schmelling, B. Schmidt, O. Schneider, T. Schneider, A. Schopper, H. Schuijlenburg, M. -H. Schune, R. Schwemmer, B. Sciascia, A. Sciubba, M. Seco, A. Semennikov, K. Senderowska, I. Sepp, N. Serra, J. Serrano, P. Seyfert, B. Shao, M. Shapkin, I. Shapoval, P. Shatalov, Y. Shcheglov, T. Shears, L. Shekhtman, O. Shevchenko, V. Shevchenko, A. Shires, S. Sigurdsson, R. Silva Coutinho, T. Skwarnicki, M. W. Slater, T. Sluijk, N. A. Smith, E. Smith, M. Smith, K. Sobczak, M. D. Sokoloff, F. J. P. Soler, F. Soomro, D. Souza, B. Souza De Paula, B. Spaan, A. Sparkes, P. Spradlin, S. Squerzanti, F. Stagni, S. Stahl, O. Steinkamp, O. Stenyakin, S. Stoica, S. Stone, B. Storaci, M. Straticiuc, U. Straumann, V. K. Subbiah, S. Swientek, M. Szczekowski, P. Szczypka, T. Szumlak, S. T'Jampens, M. Teklishyn, E. Teodorescu, F. Teubert, C. Thomas, E. Thomas, A. Tikhonov, J. van Tilburg, V. Tisserand, M. Tobin, V. Tocut, S. Tolk, D. Tonelli, S. Topp-Joergensen, N. Torr, E. Tournefier, S. Tourneur, M. T. Tran, M. Tresch, A. Tsaregorodtsev, P. Tsopelas, N. Tuning, M. Ubeda Garcia, A. Ukleja, O. Ullaland, D. Urner, U. Uwer, V. Vagnoni, G. Valenti, R. Vazquez Gomez, P. Vazquez Regueiro, S. Vecchi, J. J. Velthuis, M. Veltri, G. Veneziano, M. Vesterinen, B. Viaud, D. Vieira, X. Vilasis-Cardona, W. Vink, S. Volkov, V. Volkov, A. Vollhardt, D. Volyanskyy, D. Voong, A. Vorobyev, V. Vorobyev, C. Voß, H. Voss, G. Vouters, R. Waldi, R. Wallace, S. Wandernoth, J. Wang, D. R. Ward, K. Warda, N. K. Watson, A. D. Webber, D. Websdale, P. Wenerke, M. Whitehead, J. Wicht, D. Wiedner, L. Wiggers, G. Wilkinson, M. P. Williams, M. Williams, F. F. Wilson, J. Wishahi, M. Witek, W. Witzeling, S. A. Wotton, S. Wright, S. Wu, K. Wyllie, Y. Xie, Z. Xing, T. Xue, Z. Yang, R. Young, X. Yuan, O. Yushchenko, M. Zangoli, F. Zappon, M. Zavertyaev, M. Zeng, F. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. C. Zhang, Y. Zhang, A. Zhelezov, L. Zhong, E. Zverev, A. Zvyagin, A. Zwart

During 2011 the LHCb experiment at CERN collected 1.0 fb-1 of sqrt{s} = 7 TeV pp collisions. Due to the large heavy quark production cross-sections, these data provide unprecedented samples of heavy flavoured hadrons. Read More

The decay Bs to mu+ mu- is one of the milestones of the flavor program at the LHC. We reappraise its Standard Model prediction. First, by analyzing the theoretical rate in the light of its main parametric dependence, we highlight the importance of a complete evaluation of higher-order electroweak corrections, at present known only in the large-mt limit, and leaving sizable dependence on the definition of electroweak parameters. Read More

We make a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of the CMSSM and NUHM1, using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) with 95 (221) million points to sample the CMSSM (NUHM1) parameter spaces. Our analysis includes the ATLAS search for supersymmetric jets + MET signals using ~ 5/fb of LHC data at 7 TeV, which we apply using PYTHIA and a Delphes implementation that we validate in the relevant parameter regions of the CMSSM and NUHM1. Our analysis also includes the constraint imposed by searches for B_s to mu+mu- by LHCb, CMS, ATLAS and CDF, and the limit on spin-independent dark matter scattering from 225 live days of XENON100 data. Read More

We present the first complete next-to-next-to-leading order analysis of the Standard Model Higgs potential. We computed the two-loop QCD and Yukawa corrections to the relation between the Higgs quartic coupling (lambda) and the Higgs mass (Mh), reducing the theoretical uncertainty in the determination of the critical value of Mh for vacuum stability to 1 GeV. While lambda at the Planck scale is remarkably close to zero, absolute stability of the Higgs potential is excluded at 98% C. Read More

Recent evidence for direct CP violation in non-leptonic charm decays cannot be easily accommodated within the Standard Model (SM). On the other hand, it fits well in new physics models generating CP violating Delta C=1 chromomagnetic dipole operators. We show that in these frameworks sizable direct CP asymmetries in radiative D to P+ P- gamma decays (P=pi,K), with M_PP close to the rho or the phi peak, can be expected. Read More

We analyze neutrino masses and Lepton Flavor Violation (LFV) in charged leptons with a minimal ansatz about the breaking of the U(3)^5 flavor symmetry, consistent with the U(2)^3 breaking pattern of quark Yukawa couplings, in the context of supersymmetry. Neutrino masses are expected to be almost degenerate, close to present bounds from cosmology and $0\nu\beta\beta$ experiments. We also predict $s_{13} \approx s_{23} |V_{td}|/|V_{ts}| \approx 0. Read More

The ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC have reported the observation of a possible excess of events corresponding to a new particle $h$ with mass $\sim 125$ GeV that might be the long-sought Higgs boson, or something else. Decyphering the nature of this possible signal will require constraining the couplings of the $h$ and measuring them as accurately as possible. Here we analyze the indirect constraints on flavour-changing $h$ decays that are provided by limits on low-energy flavour-changing interactions. Read More

We review the formulation of the Minimal Flavour Violation (MFV) hypothesis in the quark sector, as well as some "variations on a theme" based on smaller flavour symmetry groups and/or less minimal breaking terms. We also review how these hypotheses can be tested in B decays and by means of other flavour-physics observables. The phenomenological consequences of MFV are discussed both in general terms, employing a general effective theory approach, and in the specific context of the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the SM. Read More

We analyze possible interpretations of the recent LHCb evidence for CP violation in D meson decays in terms of physics beyond the Standard Model. On general grounds, models in which the primary source of flavor violation is linked to the breaking of chiral symmetry (left-right flavor mixing) are natural candidates to explain this effect, via enhanced chromomagnetic operators. In the case of supersymmetric models, we identify two motivated scenarios: disoriented A-terms and split families. Read More

Global frequentist fits to the CMSSM and NUHM1 using the MasterCode framework predicted m_h \simeq 119 GeV in fits incorporating the g_mu-2 constraint and \simeq 126 GeV without it. Recent results by ATLAS and CMS could be compatible with a Standard Model-like Higgs boson around m_h \simeq 125 GeV. We use the previous MasterCode analysis to calculate the likelihood for a measurement of any nominal Higgs mass within the range of 115 to 130 GeV. Read More

We update instability and metastability bounds of the Standard Model electroweak vacuum in view of the recent ATLAS and CMS Higgs results. For a Higgs mass in the range 124--126 GeV, and for the current central values of the top mass and strong coupling constant, the Higgs potential develops an instability around $10^{11}$ GeV, with a lifetime much longer than the age of the Universe. However, taking into account theoretical and experimental errors, stability up to the Planck scale cannot be excluded. Read More

The LHCb collaboration recently announced preliminary evidence for CP violation in D meson decays. We discuss this result in the context of the standard model (SM), as well as its extensions. In the absence of reliable methods to evaluate the hadronic matrix elements involved, we can only estimate qualitatively the magnitude of the non-SM tree level operators required to generate the observed central value. Read More

We update previous frequentist analyses of the CMSSM and NUHM1 parameter spaces to include the public results of searches for supersymmetric signals using ~1 /fb of LHC data recorded by ATLAS and CMS and ~0.3/fb of data recorded by LHCb in addition to electroweak precision and B-physics observables. We also include the constraints imposed by the cosmological dark matter density and the XENON100 search for spin-independent dark matter scattering. Read More

We study CP asymmetries in rare B decays within supersymmetry with a U(2)^3 flavour symmetry, motivated by the SUSY flavour and CP problems, the hierarchies in the Yukawa couplings and the absence so far of any direct evidence for SUSY. Even in the absence of flavour-blind phases, we find potentially sizable CP violating contributions to b -> s decay amplitudes. The effects in the mixing-induced CP asymmetries in B ->phi K(S) and B -> eta' K(S), angular CP asymmetries in B -> K* mu+ mu- and the direct CP asymmetry in B -> X(s) gamma can be in the region to be probed by LHCb and next generation B factories. Read More

We analyse the $B \rightarrow \tau \nu$ decay in a generic two-Higgs doublet model satisfying the MFV hypothesis. In particular, we analyse under which conditions $\BR(B \rightarrow \tau \nu)$ can be substantially enhanced over its SM value, taking into account the constraints of $K \rightarrow \mu\nu$, $B \rightarrow X_s \gamma$, and $B_s \rightarrow \mu^+ \mu^-$. We find that for large $\tan\beta$ values and Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking terms of $\cO(1/\tan\beta)$ a sizable ($\sim 50%$) enhancement of $\BR(B \rightarrow \tau \nu)$ is possible, even for $m_H \sim 1$ TeV. Read More

We make frequentist analyses of the CMSSM, NUHM1, VCMSSM and mSUGRA parameter spaces taking into account all the public results of searches for supersymmetry using data from the 2010 LHC run and the Xenon100 direct search for dark matter scattering. The LHC data set includes ATLAS and CMS searches for jets + ETslash events (with or without leptons) and for the heavier MSSM Higgs bosons, and the upper limit on bs to mu mu including data from LHCb as well as CDF and D0. The absences of signals in the LHC data favour somewhat heavier mass spectra than in our previous analyses of the CMSSM, NUHM1 and VCMSSM, and somewhat smaller dark matter scattering cross sections, all close to or within the pre-LHC 68% CL ranges, but do not impact significantly the favoured regions of the mSUGRA parameter space. Read More

Rather than sticking to the full $U(3)^3$ approximate symmetry normally invoked in Minimal Flavour Violation, we analyze the consequences on the current flavour data of a suitably broken $U(2)^3$ symmetry acting on the first two generations of quarks and squarks. A definite correlation emerges between the $\Delta F=2$ amplitudes $\cM(K^0 \to \bar K^0)$, $\cM(B_d \to \bar B_d)$ and $\cM(B_s \to \bar B_s)$, which can resolve the current tension between between $\cM(K^0 \to \bar K^0)$ and $\cM(B_d \to \bar B_d)$, while predicting $\cM(B_s \to \bar B_s)$. In particular, the CP violating asymmetry in $B_s \to \psi \phi$ is predicted to be positive and above its Standard Model value ($0. Read More

We analyze the most natural formulations of the minimal lepton flavour violation hypothesis compatible with a type-I seesaw structure with three heavy singlet neutrinos N, and satisfying the requirement of being predictive, in the sense that all LFV effects can be expressed in terms of low energy observables. We find a new interesting realization based on the flavour group $SU(3)_e\times SU(3)_{\ell+N}$ (being $e$ and $\ell$ respectively the SU(2) singlet and doublet leptons). An intriguing feature of this realization is that, in the normal hierarchy scenario for neutrino masses, it allows for sizeable enhancements of $\mu \to e$ transitions with respect to LFV processes involving the $\tau$ lepton. Read More

We analyse a simple Standard Model (SM) extension with only two new light fields: a scalar partner of the top (stop) (with mass above m_t) and a light neutral fermion chi^0 (with mass of a few GeV), coupled to SM quarks via a Yukawa interaction. We show that such model can lead to a significant enhancement of the forward-backward asymmetry in t tbar production at the Tevatron via the additional t tbar pairs produced from (stop anti-stop) decays. The model satisfies existing constraints on new-physics searches both at low and high energies, and could even address the cosmological dark-matter abundance. Read More

The CMS and ATLAS Collaborations have recently published the results of initial direct LHC searches for supersymmetry analyzing ~ 35/pb of data taken at 7 TeV in the centre of mass. We incorporate these results into a frequentist analysis of the probable ranges of parameters of simple versions of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM), namely the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), a model with common non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM1), the very constrained MSSM (VCMSSM) and minimal supergravity (mSUGRA). We present updated predictions for the gluino mass, m_gl, the light Higgs boson mass, M_h, BR(B_s to mu mu) and the spin-independent dark matter scattering cross section, sigma_SI. Read More