# G. C. Branco - Lisbon, IST & Valencia University & Valencia University, IFIC

## Contact Details

NameG. C. Branco |
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AffiliationLisbon, IST & Valencia University & Valencia University, IFIC |
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CityLisbon |
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CountryPortugal |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50) High Energy Physics - Experiment (7) |

## Publications Authored By G. C. Branco

**Authors:**Joao M. Alves

^{1}, Francisco J. Botella

^{2}, Gustavo C. Branco

^{3}, Fernando Cornet-Gomez

^{4}, Miguel Nebot

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Lisbon, IST,

^{2}Valencia U., IFIC & Valencia U.,

^{3}Lisbon, CFTP & Lisbon, IST,

^{4}Valencia U., IFIC & Valencia U.,

^{5}Lisbon, CFTP & Lisbon, IST

We propose a class of Two Higgs Doublet Models where there are Flavour Changing Neutral Currents (FCNC) at tree level, but under control due to the introduction of a discrete symmetry in the full Lagrangian. It is shown that in this class of models, one can have simultaneously FCNC in the up and down sectors, in contrast to the situation encountered in BGL models. The intensity of FCNC is analysed and it is shown that in this class of models one can respect all the strong constraints from experiment without unnatural fine-tuning. Read More

**Authors:**D. de Florian

^{1}, C. Grojean

^{2}, F. Maltoni

^{3}, C. Mariotti

^{4}, A. Nikitenko

^{5}, M. Pieri

^{6}, P. Savard

^{7}, M. Schumacher

^{8}, R. Tanaka

^{9}, R. Aggleton

^{10}, M. Ahmad

^{11}, B. Allanach

^{12}, C. Anastasiou

^{13}, W. Astill

^{14}, S. Badger

^{15}, M. Badziak

^{16}, J. Baglio

^{17}, E. Bagnaschi

^{18}, A. Ballestrero

^{19}, A. Banfi

^{20}, D. Barducci

^{21}, M. Beckingham

^{22}, C. Becot

^{23}, G. Bélanger

^{24}, J. Bellm

^{25}, N. Belyaev

^{26}, F. U. Bernlochner

^{27}, C. Beskidt

^{28}, A. Biekötter

^{29}, F. Bishara

^{30}, W. Bizon

^{31}, N. E. Bomark

^{32}, M. Bonvini

^{33}, S. Borowka

^{34}, V. Bortolotto

^{35}, S. Boselli

^{36}, F. J. Botella

^{37}, R. Boughezal

^{38}, G. C. Branco

^{39}, J. Brehmer

^{40}, L. Brenner

^{41}, S. Bressler

^{42}, I. Brivio

^{43}, A. Broggio

^{44}, H. Brun

^{45}, G. Buchalla

^{46}, C. D. Burgard

^{47}, A. Calandri

^{48}, L. Caminada

^{49}, R. Caminal Armadans

^{50}, F. Campanario

^{51}, J. Campbell

^{52}, F. Caola

^{53}, C. M. Carloni Calame

^{54}, S. Carrazza

^{55}, A. Carvalho

^{56}, M. Casolino

^{57}, O. Cata

^{58}, A. Celis

^{59}, F. Cerutti

^{60}, N. Chanon

^{61}, M. Chen

^{62}, X. Chen

^{63}, B. Chokoufé Nejad

^{64}, N. Christensen

^{65}, M. Ciuchini

^{66}, R. Contino

^{67}, T. Corbett

^{68}, D. Curtin

^{69}, M. Dall'Osso

^{70}, A. David

^{71}, S. Dawson

^{72}, J. de Blas

^{73}, W. de Boer

^{74}, P. de Castro Manzano

^{75}, C. Degrande

^{76}, R. L. Delgado

^{77}, F. Demartin

^{78}, A. Denner

^{79}, B. Di Micco

^{80}, R. Di Nardo

^{81}, S. Dittmaier

^{82}, A. Dobado

^{83}, T. Dorigo

^{84}, F. A. Dreyer

^{85}, M. Dührssen

^{86}, C. Duhr

^{87}, F. Dulat

^{88}, K. Ecker

^{89}, K. Ellis

^{90}, U. Ellwanger

^{91}, C. Englert

^{92}, D. Espriu

^{93}, A. Falkowski

^{94}, L. Fayard

^{95}, R. Feger

^{96}, G. Ferrera

^{97}, A. Ferroglia

^{98}, N. Fidanza

^{99}, T. Figy

^{100}, M. Flechl

^{101}, D. Fontes

^{102}, S. Forte

^{103}, P. Francavilla

^{104}, E. Franco

^{105}, R. Frederix

^{106}, A. Freitas

^{107}, F. F. Freitas

^{108}, F. Frensch

^{109}, S. Frixione

^{110}, B. Fuks

^{111}, E. Furlan

^{112}, S. Gadatsch

^{113}, J. Gao

^{114}, Y. Gao

^{115}, M. V. Garzelli

^{116}, T. Gehrmann

^{117}, R. Gerosa

^{118}, M. Ghezzi

^{119}, D. Ghosh

^{120}, S. Gieseke

^{121}, D. Gillberg

^{122}, G. F. Giudice

^{123}, E. W. N. Glover

^{124}, F. Goertz

^{125}, D. Gonçalves

^{126}, J. Gonzalez-Fraile

^{127}, M. Gorbahn

^{128}, S. Gori

^{129}, C. A. Gottardo

^{130}, M. Gouzevitch

^{131}, P. Govoni

^{132}, D. Gray

^{133}, M. Grazzini

^{134}, N. Greiner

^{135}, A. Greljo

^{136}, J. Grigo

^{137}, A. V. Gritsan

^{138}, R. Gröber

^{139}, S. Guindon

^{140}, H. E. Haber

^{141}, C. Han

^{142}, T. Han

^{143}, R. Harlander

^{144}, M. A. Harrendorf

^{145}, H. B. Hartanto

^{146}, C. Hays

^{147}, S. Heinemeyer

^{148}, G. Heinrich

^{149}, M. Herrero

^{150}, F. Herzog

^{151}, B. Hespel

^{152}, V. Hirschi

^{153}, S. Hoeche

^{154}, S. Honeywell

^{155}, S. J. Huber

^{156}, C. Hugonie

^{157}, J. Huston

^{158}, A. Ilnicka

^{159}, G. Isidori

^{160}, B. Jäger

^{161}, M. Jaquier

^{162}, S. P. Jones

^{163}, A. Juste

^{164}, S. Kallweit

^{165}, A. Kaluza

^{166}, A. Kardos

^{167}, A. Karlberg

^{168}, Z. Kassabov

^{169}, N. Kauer

^{170}, D. I. Kazakov

^{171}, M. Kerner

^{172}, W. Kilian

^{173}, F. Kling

^{174}, K. Köneke

^{175}, R. Kogler

^{176}, R. Konoplich

^{177}, S. Kortner

^{178}, S. Kraml

^{179}, C. Krause

^{180}, F. Krauss

^{181}, M. Krawczyk

^{182}, A. Kulesza

^{183}, S. Kuttimalai

^{184}, R. Lane

^{185}, A. Lazopoulos

^{186}, G. Lee

^{187}, P. Lenzi

^{188}, I. M. Lewis

^{189}, Y. Li

^{190}, S. Liebler

^{191}, J. Lindert

^{192}, X. Liu

^{193}, Z. Liu

^{194}, F. J. Llanes-Estrada

^{195}, H. E. Logan

^{196}, D. Lopez-Val

^{197}, I. Low

^{198}, G. Luisoni

^{199}, P. Maierhöfer

^{200}, E. Maina

^{201}, B. Mansoulié

^{202}, H. Mantler

^{203}, M. Mantoani

^{204}, A. C. Marini

^{205}, V. I. Martinez Outschoorn

^{206}, S. Marzani

^{207}, D. Marzocca

^{208}, A. Massironi

^{209}, K. Mawatari

^{210}, J. Mazzitelli

^{211}, A. McCarn

^{212}, B. Mellado

^{213}, K. Melnikov

^{214}, S. B. Menari

^{215}, L. Merlo

^{216}, C. Meyer

^{217}, P. Milenovic

^{218}, K. Mimasu

^{219}, S. Mishima

^{220}, B. Mistlberger

^{221}, S. -O. Moch

^{222}, A. Mohammadi

^{223}, P. F. Monni

^{224}, G. Montagna

^{225}, M. Moreno Llácer

^{226}, N. Moretti

^{227}, S. Moretti

^{228}, L. Motyka

^{229}, A. Mück

^{230}, M. Mühlleitner

^{231}, S. Munir

^{232}, P. Musella

^{233}, P. Nadolsky

^{234}, D. Napoletano

^{235}, M. Nebot

^{236}, C. Neu

^{237}, M. Neubert

^{238}, R. Nevzorov

^{239}, O. Nicrosini

^{240}, J. Nielsen

^{241}, K. Nikolopoulos

^{242}, J. M. No

^{243}, C. O'Brien

^{244}, T. Ohl

^{245}, C. Oleari

^{246}, T. Orimoto

^{247}, D. Pagani

^{248}, C. E. Pandini

^{249}, A. Papaefstathiou

^{250}, A. S. Papanastasiou

^{251}, G. Passarino

^{252}, B. D. Pecjak

^{253}, M. Pelliccioni

^{254}, G. Perez

^{255}, L. Perrozzi

^{256}, F. Petriello

^{257}, G. Petrucciani

^{258}, E. Pianori

^{259}, F. Piccinini

^{260}, M. Pierini

^{261}, A. Pilkington

^{262}, S. Plätzer

^{263}, T. Plehn

^{264}, R. Podskubka

^{265}, C. T. Potter

^{266}, S. Pozzorini

^{267}, K. Prokofiev

^{268}, A. Pukhov

^{269}, I. Puljak

^{270}, M. Queitsch-Maitland

^{271}, J. Quevillon

^{272}, D. Rathlev

^{273}, M. Rauch

^{274}, E. Re

^{275}, M. N. Rebelo

^{276}, D. Rebuzzi

^{277}, L. Reina

^{278}, C. Reuschle

^{279}, J. Reuter

^{280}, M. Riembau

^{281}, F. Riva

^{282}, A. Rizzi

^{283}, T. Robens

^{284}, R. Röntsch

^{285}, J. Rojo

^{286}, J. C. Romão

^{287}, N. Rompotis

^{288}, J. Roskes

^{289}, R. Roth

^{290}, G. P. Salam

^{291}, R. Salerno

^{292}, R. Santos

^{293}, V. Sanz

^{294}, J. J. Sanz-Cillero

^{295}, H. Sargsyan

^{296}, U. Sarica

^{297}, P. Schichtel

^{298}, J. Schlenk

^{299}, T. Schmidt

^{300}, C. Schmitt

^{301}, M. Schönherr

^{302}, U. Schubert

^{303}, M. Schulze

^{304}, S. Sekula

^{305}, M. Sekulla

^{306}, E. Shabalina

^{307}, H. S. Shao

^{308}, J. Shelton

^{309}, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous

^{310}, S. Y. Shim

^{311}, F. Siegert

^{312}, A. Signer

^{313}, J. P. Silva

^{314}, L. Silvestrini

^{315}, M. Sjodahl

^{316}, P. Slavich

^{317}, M. Slawinska

^{318}, L. Soffi

^{319}, M. Spannowsky

^{320}, C. Speckner

^{321}, D. M. Sperka

^{322}, M. Spira

^{323}, O. Stål

^{324}, F. Staub

^{325}, T. Stebel

^{326}, T. Stefaniak

^{327}, M. Steinhauser

^{328}, I. W. Stewart

^{329}, M. J. Strassler

^{330}, J. Streicher

^{331}, D. M. Strom

^{332}, S. Su

^{333}, X. Sun

^{334}, F. J. Tackmann

^{335}, K. Tackmann

^{336}, A. M. Teixeira

^{337}, R. Teixeira de Lima

^{338}, V. Theeuwes

^{339}, R. Thorne

^{340}, D. Tommasini

^{341}, P. Torrielli

^{342}, M. Tosi

^{343}, F. Tramontano

^{344}, Z. Trócsányi

^{345}, M. Trott

^{346}, I. Tsinikos

^{347}, M. Ubiali

^{348}, P. Vanlaer

^{349}, W. Verkerke

^{350}, A. Vicini

^{351}, L. Viliani

^{352}, E. Vryonidou

^{353}, D. Wackeroth

^{354}, C. E. M. Wagner

^{355}, J. Wang

^{356}, S. Wayand

^{357}, G. Weiglein

^{358}, C. Weiss

^{359}, M. Wiesemann

^{360}, C. Williams

^{361}, J. Winter

^{362}, D. Winterbottom

^{363}, R. Wolf

^{364}, M. Xiao

^{365}, L. L. Yang

^{366}, R. Yohay

^{367}, S. P. Y. Yuen

^{368}, G. Zanderighi

^{369}, M. Zaro

^{370}, D. Zeppenfeld

^{371}, R. Ziegler

^{372}, T. Zirke

^{373}, J. Zupan

^{374}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}eds.,

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^{10}The LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group,

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This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. Read More

We show how a novel fine-tuning problem present in the Standard Model can be solved through the introduction of a single flavour symmetry G, together with three $Q = - 1/3$ quarks, three $Q = 2/3$ quarks, as well as a complex singlet scalar. The symmetry G is extended to the additional fields and it is an exact symmetry of the Lagrangian, only spontaneously broken by the vacuum. Specific examples are given and a phenomenological analysis of the main features of the model is presented. Read More

We point out that, in the context of the SM, $|V^2_{13}| + | V^2_{23}|$ is expected to be large, of order one. The fact that $|V^2_{13}| + |V^2_{23}| \approx 1.6 \times 10^{-3}$ motivates the introduction of a symmetry S which leads to $V_{CKM} ={1\>\!\!\!\mathrm{I}} $, with only the third generation of quarks acquiring mass. Read More

It has been known since decades that imposing a symmetry group G on the scalar sector of multi-Higgs-doublet models has consequences for CP-violation. In all examples of two- and three-Higgs-doublet models equipped with symmetries, one observes the following intriguing property: if G prevents explicit CP-violation (CPV), at least in the neutral Higgs sector, then it also prevents spontaneous CPV, and if G allows explicit CPV, then it allows for spontaneous CPV. One is led to conjecture that this is a general phenomenon. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{2}Lisbon, IST & Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{3}Lisbon, IST,

^{4}Lisbon, IST

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We analyse various flavour changing processes like $t\to hu,hc$, $h\to \tau e,\tau\mu$ as well as hadronic decays $h\to bs,bd$, in the framework of a class of two Higgs doublet models where there are flavour changing neutral scalar currents at tree level. These models have the remarkable feature of having these flavour-violating couplings entirely determined by the CKM and PMNS matrices as well as $\tan\beta$. The flavour structure of these scalar currents results from a symmetry of the Lagrangian and therefore it is natural and stable under the renormalization group. Read More

The invariant approach is a powerful method for studying CP violation for specific Lagrangians. The method is particularly useful for dealing with discrete family symmetries. We focus on the CP properties of unbroken $\Delta(27)$ invariant Lagrangians with Yukawa-like terms, which proves to be a rich framework, with distinct aspects of CP, making it an ideal group to investigate with the invariant approach. Read More

We propose the use of basis invariants, valid for any choice of CP transformation, as a powerful approach to studying specific models of CP violation in the presence of discrete family symmetries. We illustrate the virtues of this approach for examples based on $A_4$ and $\Delta(27)$ family symmetries. For $A_4$, we show how to elegantly obtain several known results in the literature. Read More

In the context of two Higgs doublet models, we study the conditions required in order to have stable quasi-alignment in flavour space. We show that stability under the RGE imposes strong constraints on the flavour structure of the Yukawa couplings associated to each one of the Higgs doublets. In particular, we find a novel solution, where all Yukawa couplings are proportional to the so-called democratic matrix. Read More

We propose that the observed large leptonic mixing may just reflect a quasidegeneracy of three Majorana neutrinos. The limit of exact degeneracy of Majorana neutrinos is not trivial, as leptonic mixing and even CP violation may occur. We conjecture that the smallness of $|U_{13}|$, when compared to the other elements of $U_{PMNS}$, may just reflect the fact that, in the limit of exact mass degeneracy, the leptonic mixing matrix necessarily has a vanishing element. Read More

The measurement of a large like-sign dimuon asymmetry $A^b_{SL}$ by the D0 experiment at the Tevatron departs noticeably from Standard Model expectations and it may be interpreted as a hint of physics beyond the Standard Model contributing to $\Delta B\neq 0$ transitions. In this work we analyse how the natural suppression of $A^b_{SL}$ in the SM can be circumvented by New Physics. We consider generic Standard Model extensions where the charged current mixing matrix is enlarged with respect to the usual $3\times 3$ unitary Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix, and show how, within this framework, a significant enhancement over Standard Model expectations for $A^b_{SL}$ is easily reachable through enhancements of the semileptonic asymmetries $A^d_{SL}$ and $A^s_{SL}$ of both $B^0_d$ - $\bar B^0_d$ and $B^0_s$ - $\bar B^0_s$ systems. Read More

We analyse the constraints and some of the phenomenological implications of a class of two Higgs doublet models where there are flavour-changing neutral currents (FCNC) at tree level but the potentially dangerous FCNC couplings are suppressed by small entries of the CKM matrix $V$. This class of models have the remarkable feature that, as a result of a discrete symmetry of the Lagrangian, the FCNC couplings are entirely fixed in the quark sector by $V$ and the ratio $v_2 /v_1$ of the vevs of the neutral Higgs. The discrete symmetry is extended to the leptonic sector, so that there are FCNC in the leptonic sector with their flavour structure fixed by the leptonic mixing matrix. Read More

Flavour-Changing-Neutral-Currents (FCNC) play an important r\^ ole in testing the Standard Model (SM) while probing the possibility of having New Physics beyond the SM. In the SM, FCNC are forbidden at three level, but arise through calculable one-loop contributions. We review some of the features of FCNC in two examples of minimal extensions of the SM. Read More

We propose for the flavour structure of both the quark and lepton sectors, the principle of Universal Democracy (UD), which reflects the presence of a $Z_3$ symmetry. In the quark sector, we emphasize the importance of UD for obtaining small mixing and flavour alignment, while in the lepton sector, large mixing, including the recently measured value of $U_{e3}$, is obtained in the UD framework through the seesaw mechanism. An interesting correlation between the values of $U_{e3}$ and $\sin^2(\theta_{23})$ is pointed out, with the prediction of $\sin^2(\theta_{23})\approx 0. Read More

The flavour structure of the general Two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) is analysed and a detailed study of the parameter space is presented, showing that flavour mixing in the 2HDM can be parametrized by various unitary matrices which arise from the misalignment in flavour space between pairs of various Hermitian flavour matrices which can be constructed within the model. This is entirely analogous to the generation of the CKM matrix in the Standard Model (SM). We construct weak basis invariants which can give insight into the physical implications of any flavour model, written in an arbitrary weak basis (WB) in the context of 2HDM. Read More

We analyse the possible presence of New Physics (NP) in the Flavour Sector and evaluate its potential for solving the tension between the experimental values of $\AJPKs$ and $\BTNu$ with respect to the Standard Model (SM) expectations. Updated model independent analyses, where NP contributions are allowed in Bd - anti-Bd and Bs - anti-Bs transitions, suggest the need of New Physics in the $bd$ sector. A detailed analysis of recent Flavour data is then presented in the framework of a simple extension of the SM, where a $Q=2/3$ vector-like isosinglet quark is added to the spectrum of the SM. Read More

We consider a simple extension of the Standard Model by adding two Higgs triplets and a complex scalar singlet to its particle content. In this framework, the CP symmetry is spontaneously broken at high energies by the complex vacuum expectation value of the scalar singlet. Such a breaking leads to leptonic CP violation at low energies. Read More

We show that the main features of the pattern of fermion masses and mixing can be expressed in terms of simple relations among weak-basis invariants. In the quark sector, we identify the weak-basis invariants which signal the observed alignment of the up and down quark mass matrices in flavour space. In the lepton sector, we indicate how a set of conditions on weak-basis invariants can lead to an approximate tribimaximal lepton mixing matrix. Read More

Several topics on CP violation in the lepton sector are reviewed. A few theoretical aspects concerning neutrino masses, leptonic mixing, and CP violation will be covered, with special emphasis on seesaw models. A discussion is provided on observable effects which are manifest in the presence of CP violation, particularly, in neutrino oscillations and neutrinoless double beta decay processes, and their possible implications in collider experiments such as the LHC. Read More

We discuss theoretical and phenomenological aspects of two-Higgs-doublet extensions of the Standard Model. In general, these extensions have scalar mediated flavour changing neutral currents which are strongly constrained by experiment. Various strategies are discussed to control these flavour changing scalar currents and their phenomenological consequences are analysed. Read More

We construct extensions of the Standard Model with two Higgs doublets, where there are flavour changing neutral currents both in the quark and leptonic sectors, with their strength fixed by the fermion mixing matrices $V_{CKM}$ and $V_{PMNS}$. These models are an extension to the leptonic sector of the class of models previously considered by Branco, Grimus and Lavoura, for the quark sector. We consider both the cases of Dirac and Majorana neutrinos and identify the minimal discrete symmetry required in order to implement the models in a natural way. Read More

We analyse the strength of CP violation in an extension of the standard model with an extra $Q=-1/3$ vector-like singlet quark, in the framework of the hypothesis of universality of strength of Yukawa couplings connecting standard quarks. We show that the correct pattern of quark masses and mixing can be obtained, including the observed strength of CP violation. Read More

We show that Nearest-Neighbour Interaction (NNI) textures for the quark mass matrices can be obtained through the introduction of an Abelian flavour symmetry. The minimal realisation requires a Z_4 symmetry in the context of a two Higgs doublet model. It is further shown that the NNI textures can be in agreement with all present experimental data on quark masses and mixings, provided one allows for deviations of Hermiticity in the quark mass matrices at the 20% level. Read More

We propose an extension of the hypothesis of Minimal Flavour Violation (MFV) to general multi-Higgs Models without the assumption of Natural Flavour Conservation in the Higgs sector. We study in detail under what conditions the neutral Higgs couplings are only functions of $V_{CKM}$ and propose a MFV expansion for the neutral Higgs couplings to fermions. Read More

We suggest a simple highly predictive ansatz for charged lepton and light neutrino mass matrices, based on the assumption of universality of Yukawa couplings. Using as input the charged lepton masses and light neutrino masses, the six parameters characterizing the leptonic mixing matrix $V_{PMNS}$, are predicted in terms of a single phase $\phi$, which takes a value around $\phi={\frac{\pi}{2}}$. Correlations among variuos physical quantities are obtained, in particular $V^{PMNS}_{13}$ is predicted as a function of ${\Delta}m^2_{21}$, ${\Delta}m^2_{31}$ and $\sin^2(\theta_{sol})$, and restricted to the range $0. Read More

We investigate the viability of thermal leptogenesis in type-I seesaw models with leptonic flavour symmetries that lead to tribimaximal neutrino mixing. We consider an effective theory with an A4 x Z3 x Z4 symmetry, which is spontaneously broken at a scale much higher than the electroweak scale. At the high scale, leptonic Yukawa interactions lead to exact tribimaximal mixing and the heavy Majorana neutrino mass spectrum is exactly degenerate. Read More

We address the question of how to establish a connection between leptogenesis and low energy observables. We emphasize that such a connection only exists in the framework of flavour models. A particular example is the case of texture zeros in some of the Yukawa couplings. Read More

**Authors:**D. G. Hitlin, C. H. Cheng, D. M. Asner, T. Hurth, B. McElrath, T. Shindou, F. Ronga, M. Rama, S. Tosi. G. Simi, S. Robertson, P. Paradisi, I. Bigi, A. Stocchi, B. Viaud, F. Domingo, E. Kou, M. Morandin, G. Batignani, A. Cervelli, F. Forti, N. Neri, J. Walsh, M. Giorgi, G. Isidori, A. Lusiani, A. Bevan, R. Faccini, F. Renga, A. Polosa, L. Silvestrini, J. Virto, M. Ciuchini, S. Heinemeyer, M. Carpinelli, P. Gambino, V. Azzolini, J. Bernabeu, F. Botella, G. C. Branco, N. Lopez March, F. Martinez Vidal, A. Oyanguren, A. Pich, M. A. Sanchis Lozano, J. Vidal, O. Vives, S. Banerjee, J. M. Roney, T. Gershon

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The sixth SuperB Workshop was convened in response to questions posed by the INFN Review Committee, evaluating the SuperB project at the request of INFN. The working groups addressed the capability of a high-luminosity flavor factory that can gather a data sample of 50 to 75 /ab in five years to elucidate New Physics phenomena unearthed at the LHC. This report summarizes the results of the Workshop. Read More

In the framework of three light Majorana neutrinos, we show how to reconstruct, through the use of 3 x 3 unitarity, the full PMNS matrix from six independent Majorana-type phases. In particular, we express the strength of Dirac-type CP violation in terms of these Majorana-type phases by writing the area of the unitarity triangles in terms of these phases. We also study how these six Majorana phases appear in CP-odd weak basis invariants as well as in leptonic asymmetries relevant for flavoured leptogenesis. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{2}Lisbon, IST & Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{3}INFN, Rome3 & Rome III U.

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We show that it is possible to accommodate the observed size of the phase in $B^0_s$--$\bar B^0_s$, mixing in the framework of a model with violation of $3\times 3$ unitarity. This violation is associated to the presence of a new $Q=2/3$ isosinglet quark $T$, which mixes both with $t$ and $c$ and has a mass not exceeding 500 GeV. The crucial point is the fact that this framework allows for $\chi\equiv\arg(-V_{ts}V_{cb}V_{tb}^*V_{cs}^*)$ of order $\lambda$, to be contrasted with the situation in the Standard Model, where $\chi$ is constrained to be of order $\lambda^2$. Read More

**Authors:**M. Raidal, A. van der Schaaf, I. Bigi, M. L. Mangano, Y. Semertzidis, S. Abel, S. Albino, S. Antusch, E. Arganda, B. Bajc, S. Banerjee, C. Biggio, M. Blanke, W. Bonivento, G. C. Branco, D. Bryman, A. J. Buras, L. Calibbi, A. Ceccucci, P. H. Chankowski, S. Davidson, A. Deandrea, D. P. DeMille, F. Deppisch, M. Diaz, B. Duling, M. Felcini, W. Fetscher, D. K. Ghosh, M. Giffels, G. Giudice, E. Goudzovskij, T. Han, P. G. Harris, M. J. Herrero, J. Hisano, R. J. Holt, K. Huitu, A. Ibarra, O. Igonkina, A. Ilakovac, J. Imazato, G. Isidori, F. R. Joaquim, M. Kadastik, Y. Kajiyama, S. F. King, K. Kirch, M. G. Kozlov, M. Krawczyk, T. Kress, O. Lebedev, A. Lusiani, E. Ma, G. Marchiori, I. Masina, G. Moreau, T. Mori, M. Muntel, F. Nesti, C. J. G. Onderwater, P. Paradisi, S. T. Petcov, M. Picariello, V. Porretti, A. Poschenrieder, M. Pospelov, L. Rebane, M. N. Rebelo, A. Ritz, L. Roberts, A. Romanino, A. Rossi, R. Rueckl, G. Senjanovic, N. Serra, T. Shindou, Y. Takanishi, C. Tarantino, A. M. Teixeira, E. Torrente-Lujan, K. J. Turzynski, T. E. J. Underwood, S. K. Vempati, O. Vives

This chapter of the report of the ``Flavour in the era of the LHC'' Workshop discusses the theoretical, phenomenological and experimental issues related to flavour phenomena in the charged lepton sector and in flavour-conserving CP-violating processes. We review the current experimental limits and the main theoretical models for the flavour structure of fundamental particles. We analyze the phenomenological consequences of the available data, setting constraints on explicit models beyond the Standard Model, presenting benchmarks for the discovery potential of forthcoming measurements both at the LHC and at low energy, and exploring options for possible future experiments. Read More

We consider a minimal extension of the standard model where a real, gauge singlet scalar field is added to the standard spectrum. Introducing the Ansatz of universality of scalar couplings, we are led to a scenario which has a set of very distinctive and testable predictions: (i) the mixing between the standard model Higgs and the new state is near maximal, (ii) the ratio of the two Higgs mass eigenstates is fixed ($\sim \sqrt{3}$), (iii) the decay modes of each of the two eigenstates are standard model like. We also study how electroweak precision tests constrain this scenario. Read More

We investigate, within the Type I seesaw framework, the physical implications of zero textures in the Yukawa couplings which generate the neutrino Dirac mass matrix $m_D$. It is shown that four is the maximal number of texture zeroes compatible with the observed leptonic mixing and the assumption that no neutrino mass vanishes. We classify all allowed four-zero textures of $m_D$ into two categories with three classes each. Read More

We review some aspects of neutrino physics and CP violation both in the quark and lepton sectors. Read More

We investigate the physical meaning of some of the texture zeros which appear in most of the Ansatze on leptonic masses and their mixing. It is shown that starting from arbitrary lepton mass matrices and making suitable weak basis transformations one can obtain some of these sets of zeros, which therefore have no physical content. We then analyse four-zero texture Ansatze where the charged lepton and neutrino mass matrices have the same structure. Read More

We address the flavour problem by incorporating the hypothesis of universal strength of Yukawa couplings in the framework of a 5D GUT model compactified on an $S^1/(Z_2 \times Z_2^{\prime})$ orbifold. We show that a quantitatively successful picture of fermion masses and mixings emerges from the interplay between the bulk suppression factors of geometric origin and the phases of the Yukawa matrices. We give an explicit example, where we obtain a good fit for both the CKM and PMNS matrices. Read More

We point out that New Physics can play an important r\^ ole in rescuing some of the Yukawa texture zero ans\" atze which would otherwise be eliminated by the recent, more precise measurements of $V_{CKM}$. As an example, a detailed analysis of a four texture zero ansatz is presented, showing how the presence of an isosinglet vector-like quark which mixes with standard quarks, can render viable this Yukawa texture. The crucial point is the nondecoupling of the effects of the isosinglet quark, even for arbitrary large values of its mass. Read More

Flavor effects due to lepton interactions in the early Universe may have played an important role in the generation of the cosmological baryon asymmetry through leptogenesis. If the only source of high-energy CP violation comes from the left-handed leptonic sector, then it is possible to establish a bridge between flavored leptogenesis and low-energy leptonic CP violation. We explore this connection taking into account our present knowledge about low-energy neutrino parameters and the matter-antimatter asymmetry observed in the Universe. Read More

We analyze lepton flavour violation (LFV), as well as generation of the observed baryon-antibaryon asymmetry of the Universe (BAU) within a generalized minimal lepton flavour violation (MLFV) framework where we allow for CP violation both at low and high energies. The generation of BAU is obtained through radiative resonant leptogenesis (RRL), where starting with three exactly degenerate right-handed neutrinos at Lambda_GUT, we demonstrate explicitly within the SM and the MSSM that the splittings between their masses at the see-saw scale M_nu, generated by renormalization group effects, are sufficient for a successful leptogenesis for M_nu even as low as 10^6 GeV. The inclusion of flavour effects plays an important role in this result and can lead to the observed BAU even in the absence of CP violation beyond the PMNS phases. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{2}Lisbon, IST & Munich, Tech. U.,

^{3}Lisbon, IST

We analyse present constraints on the SM parameter space and derive, in a model independent way, various bounds on New Physics contributions to $B_d^0$--$\bar B_d^0$ and $B_s^0$--$\bar B_s^0$ mixings. Our analyses include information on a large set of asymmetries, leading to the measurement of the CKM phases $\gamma$ and $\bar\beta$, as well as recent data from D0 and CDF related to the $B_s^0$--$\bar B_s^0$ system such as the measurement of $\Delta M_{B_s}$, $A_{SL}$ and $\Delta\Gamma_{s}^{CP}$. We examine in detail several observables such as the asymmetries $A_{sl}^d$, $A_{SL}$, the width differences $\Delta\Gamma_{d}$ and $\Delta\Gamma_{s}^{CP}$ and discuss the r\^ole they play in establishing the limits on New Physics. Read More

We analyse the general constraints on unified gauge models with spontaneous CP breaking that satisfy the conditions that (i) CP violation in the quark sector is described by a realistic complex CKM matrix, and (ii) there is no significant flavor changing neutral current effects in the quark sector. We show that the crucial requirement in order to conform to the above conditions is that spontaneous CP breaking occurs at a very high scale by complex vevs of standard model singlet Higgs fields. Two classes of models are found, one consisting of pure Higgs extensions and the other one involving fermionic extensions of the standard model. Read More

It is pointed out that the recent measurement of the angle $\gamma$ of the unitarity triangle, providing irrefutable evidence for a complex Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix, presents a great challenge for supersymmetric models with spontaneous CP violation. We construct a new minimal extension of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), with spontaneous CP breaking, which leads to a complex CKM matrix, thus conforming to present experimental data. This is achieved through the introduction of two singlet chiral superfields and a vector-like quark chiral superfield which mixes with the standard quarks. Read More

We show that a large class of sets of leptonic texture zeros considered in the literature imply the vanishing of certain CP-odd weak-basis invariants. These invariant conditions enable one to recognize a flavour model corresponding to a set of texture zeros, when written in an arbitrary weak-basis where the zeros are not manifest. We also analyse the r\^ ole of texture zeros in allowing for a connection between leptogenesis and low-energy leptonic masses, mixing and CP violation. Read More

We investigate the scenario of resonant thermal leptogenesis, in which the leptonic asymmetries are generated through renormalization group corrections induced at the leptogenesis scale. In the framework of the standard model extended by three right-handed heavy Majorana neutrinos with masses M1 = M2 << M3 at some high scale, we show that the mass splitting and CP-violating effects induced by renormalization group corrections can lead to values of the CP asymmetries large enough for a successful leptogenesis. In this scenario, the low-energy neutrino oscillation data can also be easily accommodated. Read More

We carefully analyse the present experimental evidence for a complex CKM matrix, even allowing for New Physics contributions to $\epsilon_{K}$, $a_{J/\Psi K_S}$, $\Delta M_{B_{d}}$, $\Delta M_{B_{s}}$, and the $\Delta I=1/2$ piece of $B\to\rho\rho$ and $B\to\rho\pi$. We emphasize the crucial r\^ ole played by the angle $\gamma$ in both providing irrefutable evidence for a complex CKM matrix and placing constraints on the size of NP contributions. It is shown that even if one allows for New Physics a real CKM matrix is excluded at a 99. Read More

We present CP-odd Higgs-basis invariants, which can be used to signal CP violation in a multi-Higgs system, written in an arbitrary Higgs basis. It is shown through specific examples how these CP-odd invariants can also be useful to determine the character of CP breaking (i.e. Read More

We discuss leptonic mixing and CP violation at low and high energies, emphasizing possible connections between leptogenesis and CP violation at low energies, in the context of lepton flavour models. Furthermore we analyse weak basis invariants relevant for leptogenesis and for CP violation at low energies. These invariants have the advantage of providing a simple test of the CP properties of any lepton flavour model. Read More

We analyse the allowed range of values of chi, both in the Standard Model and in models with New Physics, pointing out that a relatively large value of chi, e.g. of order lambda, is only possible in models where the unitarity of the 3x3 Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix is violated through the introduction of extra Q=2/3 quarks. Read More

We emphasize the crucial r\^ ole played by non-factorizable phases in the analysis of the Yukawa flavour structure performed in weak bases with Hermitian mass matrices and with vanishing $(1,1)$ entries. We show that non-factorizable phases are important in order to generate a sufficiently large $\sin 2 \beta $. A method is suggested to reconstruct the flavour structure of Yukawa couplings from input experimental data both in this Hermitian basis and in a non-Hermitian basis with a maximal number of texture zeros. Read More

We propose a flavour structure for the leptonic sector of the Standard Model, based on the idea of universality of Yukawa couplings, which accommodates all the experimental data on neutrino masses and mixing, at the same time predicting specific correlations between low energy measurable quantities, such as the ratio of neutrino squared mass differences, $|U_{13}|$, the leptonic Dirac phase, and the double-beta decay mass parameter. We also point out that it is possible, in this framework, to generate a sufficient amount of baryon asymmetry of the Universe through leptogenesis. Read More